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APRrL 29. 30-MAY I, 1889. 

Fitalilaui ntrTlion Bnleiliis tlie CJIr II*U'~Vie» tmai Tlu Trllinnn fiMIOlB*. 

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VOL. I. 

MAY, 1889. 7//^/ J V; 

NO. 5. 


NEW-TOEK: 1789—1889. 

JVo nobler figure ever stood in the forefront of 
a nation^s life. Washington was grave and court- 
eous in address ; his manners were simple 
and unprvtending ; his silence and the serene 
calmness of his temper spoke of a perfect self- 
mastery ; hut there was little in his outer bear- 
ing to reveal the grandeur of soul which lifts his 
figure, ivith all the simple majesty oj an ancient 
statue, out of the smaller passions, the meaner 
impulses of the world around him. It was only 
as the weary fight went on that the colonists 
learned, little by little, tlie greatness of their 
leader— his clear judgment, his heroic endurance, 
his silence under difficulties, his calmness in the 
hour of danger or defeat, the patience with which 
he waited, the quickness and hardness with which 
he struck, the lofty and serene sense of duty that 
never swerved from its task through resentment or 
jealousy, that never through war or peace felt the 
touch of a meaner ambition, that knew no aim 
save that of guarding the freedom of his fellow- 
countrymen, and no personal longing save that 
of returning to his own fireside when their free- 
dom was secured. It was almost unconsciously 
that men learned to cling to Washington with a 
trust and faith such as few other men have won, 
and to regard him with a reverence which still 
hushes us in presence of his memory.— IJ. R. 
Green ; History of the English People. 

The series of American Centennial Celebra- 
tions beginning with that of the Battle of Lex- 
ington, in 1875, and including the signing of 
the Declaration of Independence, the surrender 
at Yorktowti, the evacuation of New- York by 
the British forces, and the completion of the 
Constitution, was closed by the one hundredth 
anniversary of Washington's first Inauguration 
on April 80. The last and most impressive 
ceremonies of the historic series were witnessed 
in New-York City by more than a million 

visitors from every part of the United States. 
In response to pressing demands from himdreds 
of readers of The Tribune the complete nar- 
rative of the three dvays^ celebration is re- 
printed herewith from the daily files in order 
to enable those who took part in this great 
demonstration of American patriotism to have 
in convenient form a permanent record and 
souvenir of the religious services, literary exer- 
cises, the naval, military and trades parades, 
the official receptions, the ball, banquets, and 
all other features of these memorable festiv- 
ities. To these descriptive articles are added 
a series of historical reminiscences and a full 
account of the preliminary work of organiza- 
tion which opened the way for a celebration of 
magnificent proportions, worthy in all respects 

of the metropolis and the American Republic. 


" When I first read in detail the life of 
Washington, I was profoundly impressed with 
the moral elevation and greatness of his character, 
and 1 found myself at a loss to name among the 
statesmen of any age or country many, or pos- 
sibly any, wlio could be his rival. In saying this 
I mean no disparagement to the class of poli- 
ticians, the men of my own craft and cloth, whom, 

j in my own land, and my own eosperience, I have 
found no less worthy than other men of love and 
of admiration. * 1 could nam^e among them those 
who seem to me to come near even to him. But I 
will shut out the last half century from the com- 
parison. I will then say that if, among all the 
pedestals supplied by history for public chara^s- 
ters of extraordinary nobility and purity, I saw 
one higher than all the rest, and if I were re- 
quired at a moments notice to name the fittest 
oceupant for it, I think my choice at any tims 
during the last forty-five years would have 

\ lighted, as it would now light, upon TFa^feitwatof^J* 








The jnjtiative for the Centennial Celebration waa 
taken by the New-Yoclc Historical Sooiely at iw 
Mated meetini; of March 4. 18S4. when iJie tol- 
lowins resolutions were adopted br the members 

BeBOlved, That the New-York BUtorloal Society 
wlU celebrate the Centennial annlversar; of the In- 
■oEUratton of George Washhigton as Freddent ol the 
Dnlted States □□ tlie SOIli day of April, ITB9. 

SesolTed, That It be referred to the Executive 
Oommlttee to C&ba suoh action as may be neoessary 
Mid expedient, and In due time report a plan to carry 
out the purpose of the soolety In a manner suitable 
to the occasion—the commemoration o( the most Im- 
portant event In the history of the city, the St«te and 
the Nation. 

Por the part played by the " Sons of the Bevolu- 
tion," see page 121. 

Maich 4, 1886, at a meeting of the Chambei 
of Commerce of New-Yoik Matlianiel Miles oBeied 
Blmllai resolutions to those of t^e IIJBtoncal So- 
eietjr, ani a committee was appointed by the Chair 
to ooiuider what action should be ta!..ii by the 
Chamber of Commerce to secure a proper cele- 
bratdon of what was pronounced the most Im- 
portant Incident in the history of the Nation. 
The committee was as foQows: Richard A. Mc- 
Cuidy, Batbaniel Kiles. Dauid C. RobbinB. Charles 
S. Smith and William H. Roberts. 

This committee mode its rccort on April 1 Che 
same year, recommendinE that steps should be 
taken to hare Asril So. iHgo, made a National 
holiday; that ConBrees bo asked to appropriate 
money for the celebration, and that the co-opera- 
t^on of the Governor of Ncw-Yoik, the Mayor, 
Aldermen and citdzena of this city and the Gov- 
ernors of all the States be invited. This Is a 
Benetal outline of the plan which was actually 
adopt«d. and on May 6 the president of the 
Chamber ot Commerce appointed the fallowing 
well-known citizens as a special committee to 
prepare the detailfi for the celebration : 

Levi F. MortoQ, JacksoD B. SchuUi, 

^Dd one who cave many valuable hints and much 
useful aid was Colonel Jesse E. Pccyton, uf Haddon- 
fleld. fj. J., at whose sugaiestlon the Committee 
of Citizens of New- York was orKaoized. Colonel 
l^yton had taken an licdve part In dnviohs 
oent^nial oelebrations. notably that at Xork- 
towQ, and the beueflta of bis experience wero 
ffiven freeJy to those who wore laborlns with hjm. 
He drew up the call to citizens, which was aih 
proved by such ae had already taken ai 
in the proposed eclebiation. and the e 
which appeared on the original call were the 
f ollowinB : 

uUlvui. WmiUQ AUbh Bacler, 

Obarles M. Fry, 

ait^ua U. Clioai 

I Jnatun U. 
I F. a. Ooui 

A. O, Cheney, 
Donald Mackay, 
Bdnam Sctiell, 

WllJliun P. Clyile, 
A. D. Sbepaid, 
John B. EnnnedT, 
Biehatd KIdk. 
William H. TiUlnghast, 

D. Hunlloglon, 
Chauncey M. Dflpew, 

Edward S. iafffay. 
'WlttJaii] H- Api^eLon, 
Jobn Claflln, 
IjaiTreace & Co., 
Alfred Kay, 
Wall«r U. lie wis. 
William C. Langley. 

Te'fft,' Wellep't Co., 

Biehatd I 
I William I- _.. 
BoberC Olyphan 

J. Fleriwnt Mo^an, Blpley Ropes, 

Tbomat C. Acton, John W. Hunter, 

0. W. Starkey, Gordon Ii. Pord. 

E. P. Oleott, A. A. Low, 
Edirarda Flerreponti 


H. W. Cannon. Edvard Cooper, 

Jamea D. Smith, Anteiicon Bank NoM On 
George H. Potta, J. HscdonoUEk, Pin 

William Dowd. Satnoel Carpencai, 

D. A. Heaia, Ellloii F. Sbepiri 

A. R, Whltn^ 

Billiard A, 

Daniel C._Itoi)l)li 

J Dim Sloan, 

William E. Dodge, 


James M. Brown, president ot the Chamber of 

Commeree, waa unanimously ^hosen as chairman of 

tho cfunmittee. One of the leading: spirits ot 

C6e movement was the late Ahrem''" "^ Sullivan, 

A. E. Orr, H. C. Dnval, 

Charlee A. Townsend, Rlcliard Major, 

Hflniy W. Maxwell, JoMph P. Snapp. . 

The meeting took place at the Fifth Avenue 
Hotel November 10, 1887, with Mayor Hewitt 
In the chair. The Mayor delivered an addieM 
approving ot the proposed celebration, and point- 
ine out many good reasons why the movonent 
should be carried out on a grand scale. Gordon 
L. Ford and Clarence W. Bowcn were ehioted 
■eoretarim. Algernon S. Sullivan offered les^n- 
tjons which were adopted after amendment^ In 
which the Mayor waa requested to appoint a 


CoGjmittce ot thirteen to confer with the 
ttittepB of the nistorioal Society and tliB Chnmber 
ot Commeccc, the Mayor himBeU to lie chaipman. 
A patriotic uddtess in support of the resolutioae 
and of the general plan ot the ctlebcatlon was 
tlitn delivered by Hampton L. Carson, of Phila- 
delplua, sectctacj of the Constitutional Centennial 
Commission, who ,was present by invitation, and 
Mayor Hewitt named tlie following db the Citizens' 
■ Committee: Daniel F. Tieman, Smitli Kly, jr., 
Edward Cooper, William H. WlekUiim, Franklin 
£dson, William £. Grace, Allun Campbell, Charles 
P. Daly. Stuj-Bsant Fish. Elbridge T. Gi'rry, Will- 
iam G. Hamilton, Gouverneur Morris, jr., Philip 

The committee of the Historical Society were : 
John A. King, chairman; Jacob B. Moore, secre- 
tary; John Jay, John D, Jones, John S. Kennedy, 
Edward F. do Luncey, Eobert E. Livingaton, 
George H. Moore, Robert B. Roosevelt, Charles 
H. Etissell, jr., Eobert Schell, Cornelius Vander- 
bilt, Andrew Warner, John A. Weeks. 

Subsetjuently the Hon. Hamilton Fish, ex- 
Secretary of State, was eleoied president of the 
General Committee, which was limited to SOO, 
and Clarence W. Bowen was made permanent 
eeeretary. The committee of 20O as finally 
organized comprised the following names ; 

Adams, Charlea II.. Ketee, WlUIwn r.inn , 

- EmiaQln Thamaa 

Rslt. Joa.'nh 

Gilflec. Rtouard V 

HauHlC, CbBh 

Jssk'aoD, Jow^h O., 

bLelr.war, \V|[l[at[L 

AiUir, SvitllUQ W 

I, FiederltK A. , 

BelkJU^.'Bolwrt Leabi, 

Boweu, Clarenca W., 

Campbell, AHaa," 
Cadwalailer, J uhn I.., 
Ouicor, Han. Jacob A.. 

Obeoey, 'Allred 0,. 
QllDton, AlBx»ndor Jama; 
Clirkaon, ColanBl Floyd. 
aiatkeea, FrederLck, 
OlarliKU^ Ban J or, 
C^oe, cAarloa'A., 

OoDkLiDE. Alfred R.,'' 
CoIUla^ waBbmgHiD b. 
Qoiulatile, Jaomi M., 
CMMr, Edwajd, 

Oandarl, FKdeFiDk R., 

^^ta.Ueatj Brockhola^ 
IJvlnBHion, Jamoa Duane, 
MBtiiiiand. llaory'G., 

MoBlpongfy, Junes M., 

tJfcoU, Da Ljuim;)', 
attuadorlcr, Oswald. 

l-errv, tllfer 
I-Bndleton. Beo 

PlunUDor, 'johii F., '' 


OroaBy, Wl 



DmviM, KltbMd T.. 

De FByiter, ITnderlek J.. 
Be ^nooT, Kdws^ F.. 
Ee Witt. Rfobwl ^■. 

fiobult., JaciMon's.,'' 


Vrrehi, t 

Willi,™ k., 
I, Tnivl* Gulf^ 

1 M., 

I. Edw. M. Ii.. 

At the fifth meeting ot the General Committee; 
held in the Governor's Room at the City llall, Jan- 
uary 11, IHBtt, John A. King, president of lie His- 
torical Society, announced that the Hon. Hamilton 
Fish had consented to act as president of the com- 
mittee, and Mayor Hewitt appointed the following 
OS the Centennial Executive Committee, with El- 
bridge T. Gerry as chairman ; Abrana S. Hewitt, 
John T. lIofTman, John A. King, Cornelius N, 
Bliss. Seth Low, Frederick S. Tallmadge. Corneltu* 
Vanderbilt, Orlando B. Potter, jisa Bird Gardiner. 
John Cochrane, James M. Varnum, Rutherford 
StuyvEsant, William G. Hamilton, Charles W. Day- 
ton, Stuyvesant Fish, George G, Haven, Louis Fita- 
eeruld, James M. Montgomery, J. Tallmadge Van 
Kensselaer. Philip Schuyler, Brayton Ives J 
J. llampden Bobb, Jacob B. Moore. Theodora 
Roosevelt, James C. Carter, and Clarence W. 
Bowen .secretary. 

On February a Mr. Gerry submitted an outliuB 
of the plan and scope ot the celebration, 
which was extremely modest as compared 
with the final atrangemenis. Ho thought 
one day, .^pril 30, would sufGce for Che 
demonstration, with the eKceptioa perhaps of a 
Naval review in the Buy on the afternoon of tha 
preceding day. The tirade and military paradet 
\verB to bo comhioed; the services at the Sub- 
Treasury, the memorial eiLhibition of relics and 
histoiio portraits, tlia banquet and other Featnrw 
n-hich surpassed the foreoaKtfi of the ptojeotOBi, 
were first heard of at this time. 

From the spring of lust year until the com- 
pletion of the cclebratdou. Mr. Gerry labored oon- 
stantly to make the Centennial demonstration 
worliy ot the oooaslon. It was lar^ly through 
his Dtlorts and e-vample that substription^i weie 
raised, and he was instrumental in having tha 
bills introduced in the IieglsLature authorizing 
State and City appropriations and making April 
30 a legal holiday. Through hia activity alsq 
the various committees were put in working form, 
and the duties so divided that even in the rush 
of the closing weclcs of preparation, the business ot 
the committees went alone with order and smootii- 
ncss. The men wlio diil the heavy work and 
1 deserve special mention are Clarence W. Boiven, 
j general secretary, and the chairmen and mem- 
bers of the following working committees ; 
No. 1-Plnn and Soope.-Hugli J. Grant 
I man; Abrnm S, Hewitt, Swiip* '^A- "^wto-^ 


BeUos N. Bliss, Frederick S. Tallmadge, Sam- 
uel D. Babcook, Clarence W. Bowen, secretary. 

Ko. 2— States.— William G. Hamilton, chairman ; 
James O. Carter, John Schuyler, J. Tallmadge Van 
Rensselaer. James W. Husted, Theodore Boosevelt, 
Jacob A. Cantor, E. EUery Anderson^loyd Clark- 
son, Henry W. LeBoy, John R JKne, Samuel 
Borrowe, James M. Montgomery, secretary. 

No. 3— General Government.--John A. King, 
chairman ; John Jay, Edward Cooper, William U. 
Wickham, William R Grace, Frederick J. De 
Peyster. William H. Robertson, Cornelius Vander- 
bilt, William ^L £%rarts. Frank Hiscook, Seth 
Low, secretary. 

No. 4— Army (Military and Industrial Parade).— 
S. Van Rensselaer Cruger, chairman; John Coch- 
rane, Locke W. Winchester, J. Hampden Robb, 
Frederick Gallatin, Frederick D. Tappen, John C. 
Tomlinson, secretiiry. 

No. 5— Navy.— Asa Bird Gardiner, chairman; 
John S. Barnes. Greorge G. Haven, Jackson S. 
Sohultz, D. Willis James, Frederick R Coudert, 
Captain Henry Erben, U. S. N., Ogden Goelet, 
John Jay Pierrepont, Lojrall Farragut, Alfred C. 
Cheney, Buchanan Winthrop, S. Nickolson Kane, 

No. 6— Entertainment.— Stuyvesant Fish, chair- 
man; William Waldorf Astor, William K. Van- 
depbilt, William Jay, Egerton L. Winthrop, Robert 
Goelet, Gouvemei r Morris, William B. Beekman, 
S. L. M. Barlow, Stephen H. Olin, William E. D. 
Stokes, Ward McAllister, secretary and manager. 

No. 7— Finance.— Brasrton Ives, chairman; 
Darius O. Mills, Richard T. Wilson. William L. 
Strong, Henry B. Hyde, James M Brown, Louis 
Fitzgerald, Allan Campbell, John Sloane, James 

D. Smith, Edward V. Loew, Eucene Kelly, Walter 
Stanton, John F. Plummer, J. Edward Sinmions, 
John J. Knox, DeLanoey Nicoll, secretary. 

No. 8— Railroads and Transportation.— Orlanido 
B. Potter, chairman ; Chauncey M. Depew, Erastus 
Wiman, Charles W. Dayton, Josiah M. Fisk, Clif- 
ford Stanley Sims, Thomas S. Moore, James Duane 
Livingston, secretary. 

No. 9— Art and Exhibition.— Henry G. Mar- 
quand, chairman; Gordon L. Ford, vice-chairman; 
Daniel Huntington, F. Hopkjnson Smith, William 

E. Dodge,, Charles Parsons, A. W. Drake, Oliver 
H. Perry, Frank D. Millet, H. H. Boyesen, Charles 
Henry Hart, Rutherford Stuyvesant, John L. Cad- 
walader, Idspenard Stewart,, Charles H. Russell, 
jr., Richard W. Gilder, secretary. 

No. 10— Literary Exercises.— Elbridge T. Grerry, 
chairman; Clarence W. Bowen, secretary. 

Upon his accession to office Mayor Grant be- 
came chairman of the General Committee, but ex- 
Mayor Hewitt continued to work with the Com- 
mittee on Plarti and Scope. All the principal pro- 
moters of the celebration not only gave their 
time to the work gratuituously, but made liberal 
subscriptions to the general fund and paid the 
full price for their tickets to the ball and ban- 
quet, their only return being the satisfaction 
which they now derive from the success of their 
labors, and the commemorative badges they re- 
ceived as mementoes of the occasion. Mr. Gerry 
has, in addition, a small gavel which he used as 
chairman, costing about $1. This he will treas- 
ure as a souvenir. 

That even the most far-sighted of the projectors 
of the celebratioai did not forecast the tremendous 
proportions which it would assume is shown by 
the fact that it was intended to have the review- 
ing stand on the Sub-Treasury steps. When the 
voice of the States be^n to be heard, all limited 
plans had to be abandoned, and three days were 
scarcely long enough SPor" a celebration that 
was originaDy intended for only one. 
The State appropriated $225,000 for the pur- 
poses of the celebration, of which $150,000 was 
for the transportation and provisioning of the 
Nal^on&l Guard, $20,000 for the Grand Army of 
tAe HepubUc, and $55,000 for the use of the 
committee, I 











8 a. m.—Artillery salutes at forts and Navy Yard. 

0:30 a. m.— Steamers Sirius'and Ulrastus Wlman 
leave New-York with Governors and Commis- 
sioners of States to meet President Harrison 
at Mlzabethport. 

11 a. m.—President Harrison leaves Mizabethport 
for New- York, 

11 :15~Naval parade begins. 

1 p. m.— President lands at Wall-st., and is re- 

ceived by the Governor and the Mayor. 
1; 30— First land parade from pier to H^joltabla 

2 to 3:30— Keceptlon and luncheon at I^jquitable 
4 to 5 : 30— Public reception at City Hall— Greeting 

and address of school girls. 
p. m.— The Centennial ball. 

(Reprinted from Tke Tribune, April SO.) 
There were memories in many minds of the last 
great National celebration held in New- York, when 
the citizens of the American metropolis and the 
many thousand strangers within her gates arose 
from their beds yesterday morning. The day 
which was to witness the beginning of the most 
magnificent celebration ever undertaken in the 
new world had arrived, and had brought with it 
recollections, neither inspiring nor comforting, of 
the day five years and five months before, when 
the evacuation of New- York by the British troops 
had been commemorated. It was the weather 
that acted the part of an ungracious reminder. 
On the morning of November 26, 1883, the people 
of New- York had risen to witness a spectacle with 
some features like unto yesterday's. The public 
imagination had been stirred by vivid descriptions 
of the little army of occupation one hundred 
years before, marching proudly down the Bowery 
Koad, through a nipping, eager air that pat 
elastic energy into every movement, while the 
spirit of victory brightened every eye. 

The commemorative spectacle was expected to 
be equally inspiring to the inheritors of the boon 
won by those gallant troops, with its picture 
of a vast city bedecked with glad bunting, its 
receptions of National dignitaries, and its mliitaiy, 


elvlo and manne parades. But sunrise ushered 
In a darksome day, with bfA\y clouds hanging 
over the city, a bleak, penetrating wind blowing 
fitfully, yet unable to lift the Hags whioh otung, 
heavy irith water, about their BtaRs, and when 
lfi,000 Boldiera and the S5,000 oivlhans started 
on their march, the rain beean falling again in 
an iQsidJouB, disgusting drizzle, vhlle dark clouds 
o( mist, driving before the wind, scarcely higlier 
than the housetops, obscured the marine picture 
and made the demonstration little more than a 
hollow mookery. 

Unhappy memortci theae wtth which to wake 
on the morning of the hundredth anniversary ot the 
establishment ot the SE'ecutive department of 
canBDitutioual government in the new World, 
But the weather was to blame. Those who were 
awake at 5 o'clock heard the tattle ot rain-drops 

the akv had a sullen loolt, masses of black clouds 
hung low in whichever direction inquiring looks 
were turned and momentarilj' Uireatencd a down- 

iiour like that which took the orispuess and brill- 
ancy out of the Evacuation Day festivltiea. The 
wind fluttered the bunting gayly enough, but it 
was long before the eager thousands were gratilled 
by the sight ot all Ihc gloom dissipated, and the 
benison ot bright sunlight resting on houses, 
streets, rivers aad bay. 

Meanwhile there was no sign that the ardor 
of the multitude had been cnillcd. Beginning 
with early morning the city sent its thousands 
in steady streams southward through streets and 
Rvenues that in stretches looked like aisles cut 
tlirough a wildemeBB of tri-oolored buildings. 
Scarcely a house so humble but it could Bhow 
its little Epot ot gay and patriotic bunting. 
The storm ot the preceding three dftys had marred 

draggled decorationB. but enoui^h remained to give 
the city a more bravely patriotic appearance than 
ever It bore before. 

One purpose occupied the mlnda ot the host 
that had culled out a holiday. It was to see as 
much as possible ot the great naval review and 
the reception of the President ot the United 
State, who eame to re-enact some ot the ocre- 
monies with which his august jiredeoessor had 
been greeted a century before. To witness those 
impoBirg scene.s it was necessary to be In the 
lower part ot the city. Seven miles of the city's 
water-front showed a deep fringe of humanity 
whose dark line was not interrupted by steam- 
(iilp piers or warehouses. These the crowd mounted, 
and their peroendioular sides alone were bare. 
The roofs of the high buildings in the lower part 
of the city, which commanded a view of the 
bay, were black with people, the Produce 
Exchange alone being unpopulated. The outer 
edge of this dark human fringe was adorned 
more gayly than any ot the avenues. Here lay all 
the water-craft not concerned in the parade that 
oould find anchorage or wharf-room, all loaded 
with sightseerB, and all bedecked with fluttering 
flags and pennants. 

No prettier spectacle of the Idnd can be Imagined 
than a vessel in gala dress. Sightseers at the Bat- 
tery who could see the warships dressed with the 
rainbow aioh of flags and eignals can testify to this. 
They, too, and the thousands on the housetons in 
file lower part of the island saw a spectacle as 
beautitul as It was Impressive In the Upper Bay, 
The perspective is, of course, deceiving In views of 
tJliB Kind, but from the shore it seemed as it the 
Oftfapity of tiie harbor that might offer shelter 
to all the navies of the world was belnK tested. 
Hnndreds of brightly cBDftrisoned craft filled the 
watery field between Governor's and Bedlow's 
Islands on the north and Staten Island on the 
Bouth and the Long Island and New-Jersey shores 
to the east and west Till noon the vast fleet, 
after once it had gathered itself together, lay 
motionless except when a saucy tug now and then 

edge of the fleet lay a line of warships slretohing 
down toward the Itobbins Beef light. On them all 
eyes were bent, tor by their conduct the distant 
Bpectators were to learn ot the approach of the 
t^:esident ot the United States, who was to ap- 
proach the city by a water route, as General Wasn- 
mgton had done a hundred years belore. 

It was some minutes after noon, when tar down 
toward St^ten Island a cloud ot white st^iam rose 
from the waiting craft. Steam whistles were 
screeching their salute to the Chii^t Executive ot the 
Nation. Then came on the water the sound of 
cannon. The Despatch, bearing the President and 
his official family, had come into the Bay and the 
naval review had begun. The air was wonderfully, 
clear, and the progress of the Despatch and the 
steamers accompanying her oouJd be foJlowed by 
the gradual approach of the cloud of powder smoke 
as ship after ship took up the Presidential salute. 
I But to those on shore the gladsome noise was not 
groat. The wind blew from the soathwest and 
carried the sound across Long Island. All that' 
reached iJis thousands on the roofs was an Irregular 
I series of booms like abysmal notes from a mon- 
strous drum. So, too, the screeching and bellow- 
ing and howling and moaning of the steam whis- 
tles, which united in a gigando dissonance to hor- 
rify the ears ot those on board the eraft in the 
Bay lost all terror to those on land, tor many on 
the housetops oould only see the wreathing steam, 
but oould not hear the hoarse and shrieking pro- 
tests of the brazen larynxes trom which it issued. 
While such observations are making, the Des- 
I patch proceeds up the line. Colors are lowered, 
cannons send forth their greeting, and suddenly 
the yards of the ships are seen to be manned, 
(steamers large and small fall In the wake of the 
j Despatch, and soon the whole fleet Is in motiwi, 
I The warships weigh anchor anil, accompanied by 
the revenue cutters and steam yachts, move up 
the North Itiver in stately array. Now the pop- 
ular interePt centres at the toot of Wall-st., a spot 
that had been conspicuous al! the morning by 
reason of tHe forest of masts with parti-colorea 
leafage grouped there. Opposite this gay group 
the Despatch drops her anchor, and, like Washing- 
ton a hundred years before, President Harrison is 
taken into a large boat and rowed ashore b,y a 
crew of ship-captains, members ot the Marina So- 
ciety. Now the tormsl portion of his reception 
begins. Already at Elizabeth and Blizabethport 
he had been made to teel the aifectionate respeoc 
and admiration commanded by his ofHce, but now 
he is formally welcomed by the Governor of the 
greatest Stale In the Union, the Mayor of that 
State's metropolis add otlicers of the commfttees 
having the celebration In charge. Accompanied 
by a military guard of hnnnr, the committees and. 
other civil «nd military dignitaries, he is escorted 
through Wall-st. to the Etjuitable Building^ pass- 
ing on his way the spot where stood the Federal 
Hall on whose porch the first of his predeoessots 
took the oath ot offlce. Then Wall-st was a sim- 
ple road between modest houses, Its chief dimitr 
the building which housed Congress. Now It is 
bordered with buildings of murvellous size and 
grandeur, whose erection has effected almost as 
great a contract between the Wall-st of 18SB and 
1870 as that between 1870 and 178S. 

After a reception and luncheon in the rooms of 
the Lawyers' Club In the Equitable Building, the 
same escort attended the President as he went 
to the City Hall, where he held a public recep- 
tion in the Governor's room. The City Hall 
Park had become a focus ot public attention as 
BOon as the panorama in the Bay was dissipated. 
Police kept the pla7ji in front of the tastefully 
and richly adorned building free ot people for 
several hours before the IJme set tor the recep- 
tion, but when the President arrived the walkB 
and streets and half tJie park were covered. 
The weather bad become fickle. — — 

Every tKm 


minutes rAfa-clouda were driven across the face 
-of the sun. A gust of wind would scutter big 
tliops ot water btoadcust, acd just us the tliou- 
tionds of unibcDllua would open a flood ot sun- 
light would fall upon tJie scene, and Ihe Gkies 
would spem to smile at the oonBti?rnntloa of the 
multitude. Two hundred gmmmai-sijliool gicls 
In white gowns, two from euoh Echool, currying 
basketB ot flowers, to which each ^aiiiDiH.r-$choui 
Jllil in the city had been permitted to contributi> 
one blossDm, stood in double row to give the 
E'Eesidect a floral grcetlug. Lilie tlie matrons and 
naldB of Trenton a hundred reura ugo, they 
strewed Bowers in the path of the chosen £ixei?u- 
tlve of the Nation, who. arrived at the foot 
ot the EbiiroAse leading to the Qovetoor's Room, 
listened to an address by a. young mlns of the 
Normal School on bebiilt of the school children 
of New-York, and smiled and codded hia aiiproval 
as she spoke of those tliingH which exalt a Matjou. 
Meanwlule the flowers which had lallen before 
the President's feet .were eagerly sought for and 
carried off as souvenirs by the girls themselves, 
the pollaemCD and tlie Grand Army officers who 
had acted as an escort. 

No drop of rain fell to mar this pretty oer>)- 
mony, but no_ sooner was it over than the crowd 
waiting to enter City Ilall were foroed under 
wiver of their umbrelhis. At night in the Metro- 
politan OpCTU House, transformed lata a miracle of 
beauty by the hand ot the decorator and the gifts 
of Flora, graced by the presence o! the chief politi- 
cal digniUtries of the Nation and the loveliness and 
^Uantrf or the city's people, took plane the (Trent 
Centennial ball. Those who attended movEd about 
through a pleasure-place worthy ot Haroun-ul- 
Ila^chjd, and many saw the dawn of the real festal 
day, to wliich yesterday was only a prelude, for 
whioh it ivas only a preparation. 



In variety, in extent, in pioturesqueness, and in 
K certain vastness and brilliancy of effect, yester- 
day's great marine display will doubtless long ranic 
as the most notable and successful pageant in the 
history of New-York Harbor. As an imitation, 
even on the larger scale set by a century of inar- 
Tellous progress, of the famous lioitt ride ot the 
Brst President from Elizabethport to the East 
Elver front, so tremendous a spectnule might be 
taken almost as an appeal to that sense of the 
Incongruous and the extravagant which any com- 
parison between the times of Washington and the 
present necessarily arouses. But the humor ot the 
contrast apart, tio more striking and satisfactory 
a welcome could have been devised for the Centen- 
nJaJ President, coming almost literally in the foot- 
BtepB of Washington, to help celebratfl the hun- 
fliedth anniversary of that ceremony with which 
genuine Constitutional Government in America 
was begun. 

No other entry, certainly, to the dtT. girt around 
wltli her rivers and her harbor, could have been 
so Impressive. Quitting the waters of a sister 
State JuBt as tbey raerge Into the beautiful land- 

I discomfort all that was representative of tho 
Nation's Navy and of the oarrj^ng trade of the 
metropota, where a hundred shapely yachts could 
lie at anchor and a hundred pleasure Bt^ameif 
flit about with tboic thousands upon thousands of 
enthusiastie spectators, the voyage of ijie city** 
guests, the Presidents his Cabinet and oljier at- 
tendant dignitaries was one uninterrupted tri-* 
umplia] progress from the narrow if'llH ot Statea 
Island to the crowded piers and liouse<roots of the 
lower part of the cltr. 


That scene in the harbor as the Despateh 
ploughed her way slowly through the lines ol 
the assembled fleet, the batteries of the men-of- 
war thundering their salutes, tlie seamen at the 
yard-arms, the ihiinite display of color, the thou- 
sands of flags and pennons flapping in the steady 
breeze, the tireless din ot a hundred iron throat* 
on tugs, yachts and it«amers, the cheering from 
the floating city, each boatload doing its proudesC 
as the President, standing hurc- beaded on the 
bridge of his vessel, bowed nls returns one by one 
to the lucky members ot the vast flotilla— such B 
scene and such a H^eloome must linger long in 
the memory ot every one who witnessed them, 
from the greasy firemen in the tugs, who thrust 
their heads from the engine-room windows to catch 
a glimpse ot the approaching President, to the 
Chief Magistrate himsi'lf, the central figure in 
all this wonderful demonstration. 

As a welcome it was widespread, tumultnong, 
almost overwhelming. Nothing could have been 
added in heartiness or volunie. In spite, too, ot 
the chronic diflloulty of handling water parades 
and the headstrong endeavors of the hustling 
pilots of excursion steamers to run down every 
minute upon the President's boat, the pageant oi 
yesterday lacked little ot genuine and imposing 
dignity and order. As long as General Harrison's 
flag floated at the masthead of the Daepatoh the 
vast fleet maintained in a credltalile degree its dis- 
cipline and symmetry. And if on his departure in 
the barge that carried him to Wall-st. the attend- 
ing fiotiUa fell for a moment int« contusion, it soon 
stiaightened itself out tor a run up Ihe luast and 
then up the North River that in itscLf wns a speo- 
tacle rarely to be matched la any American pott. 


But a brief outline sketch can do small justice 
to the many brilliant and notable features of a day 
on the water, every minute of which was filled 
with interesting incidents. Preparations, which 
in many cases had been on foot for six monthe 
came to a point soon after daybrcalt yesterday, I^ 
7 o'clock the harbor was already a scene of bustle 
and activity. The ships which had not yet fallen 
into their places in the line were shitting about to 
make their positions. Ail were dressed from stem 
to stern with flags, and on many the seamen were 
giving the last touches of decoration. The tugs, 
equalfy as gay, were pufling from one point to an- 
other, getting their passenEers for the trip down 
to the Kills The large excursion boats were fill- 
ing up slowly at the North and East River piers, 
some lying for a half-hour along the New-York 
front, and then for another hall-hout shlMng 
across to Brooldyn. By o'oloclt alaiost every one 
had been crowded In, and whistles were blown for 
starting. The wind was coming stiffly across the 
Bay from the southwest and the sky was cold and 
thrent<^ning. The rains of last week washed the 
atmosphere free ot every impurity, and the hiUs ot 
Slaten Island stood out In the distance In a har^ 
steely blue. The water in the harbor was dull and 
muddy, the onl.y bit ot neutral color in the soone. 
This dead hue it did not lose even when the sua 
came out brightly, just before noon, dancing upon 


the waves and againsC the pajuted sides of the 
toen-of-wai and adding Iresh Rayetj and animation 

The averaee excursion steamer did not tet (airly 
out into tlie Bar until after e o'clock. But some of 
tJie few boats ohosen to make the trip to Elizabeth- 

fort were astir earlier. ITie Despatch wiilcli hud 
een lying at tha Bcooklyn Navy Yard, got under 
■way at B. riylng tbo Union Jack at lier Btern. she 
toado her way up the East Eiver to TwentiF-sixtt- 
Bt., where she aii-hored to take aboard the ofReialB 
■Who were to receive the President. The oaptain's 
eig and a whalebont were sent on shore to bring on 
poard the cueBts. Lieutenant W. S. Gowles was in 
command of the Despatch, the otJiere in authority 
being Lieutecjnt W. McLean, executive olJicer; 
Enaiim, H. Eldridge; l^asBed Assistant Bnirineer, 
«. W. Eoaoh; Passed Assistant SuriEeon, D. M, 
Gaiteras. and Lieutenant W. S. Benson, oC the 
Marine Oorps, who was la charge of the Buard. 


The first man to arrive was the Secretary of 
the InUiciojr. General JJoble. who was taken to 
the DL-ipatoh in the cutter. Clarence W. Bowen 
and W. E. D. Stokes next appeared, and were 
rowed to the vessel Jn the whnleboat. Then 
cune Losrall Farraijut^ Jackson S. Schultz. Frtd- 
erio E. Coudert, Ogden Goelct, Senator Frank 
BjBCOok. with several ]adio3, and Attorn ey-tJeneral 
W. H. n. ffiUer. Aiout lialf-past 7, Admiral 
Porter and his stalT and General Sherman and 
General Sehofield were driven to the pier from the 
Fifth Avenue Hotel. When this party stepped 
Into the boat to be taken to the Dcsriatch. the 
lA-dmirarH flag, darlt-blue, with lour wliit« stars, 
was hoisted in the bow. Senator Evarta. with ' 
» party of ladies, and Senator Aldrioh. of Ehode 
leland. came nexu and were followed by tho 
Secretary of the Navy. B. F. Tracy, and his son. 
Frank U. Tracy - 

On the whaleboat which took the General to 
the large vessel was disnlayi'd the liag of the Secre- 
tary of the Navy, a field of dark blue, with a 
white anchor and a coil of tope la the centre, and 
a white star in each corner. The last to be taken 
on board were Mayor Grant, Governor Hill, Major 
Asa Bird Gardiner and SOT'eral other Centennial 
officials. la the meantime profuse decorations 
hai been run up. Besides the two American en* 
■dgns on the masts, three hundred small flags of 
Ml the colors of the rainbow and of every design 
were strung from mast to must and in hne'; from' 
the yards to the deck. About 8 o'clock Ensign 
Eldridge, who bad charge of the embarkation, re- 
■*urn«l to the Desiiatoli with all The small boats, 
and soon aftecwardjihe vetsel weighed anchor and 

Twenty-sixth-Bt. early in the morning, waitiuur to 
■eany Admiral Jouett's staff to the flagship Chi- 
cago. The hour for departure was fixed at 7 a, m., 
but the staff were not all present until 7 ;30, when 
the tug rapidly sbpped down stream. The staff 
consisted of Captaiia Charles A. Norton, Commo- 
dore ■William H. Brid^man, Lieutcnanl>-Commander 
A. S. Snow, Captain L. N. Stoddard, Gouvemeur 
Kortright, New- York Yacht Club; C. M. Tweed. 
Admiral of the Corinthian Yncht Club: Captain 
fir. J. Shackleford, of the Paeific Mail Steamship 
Company ; William F. Stanford, of the Old Domin- 
ion Steamship Company ; WiUiiim B. Bouton, of 
tbe Red D Inne ; J. E. Alexander, P. E. Lefevre,- 
«t the Ocean Steamship Company; James E. Ward. 
ol the Ward Steamship Company; Commodore 
/eflerson Hogan, of the Atlantic Yacht Club ; Vice- 
Commodore Eobert Center, of the Seaw.tnhaka 
Iftoht Club; George W. Hall, of the American 
lacht Club ; Commodore G. C. W. Lowrey, of the 
lArchmoat Yacht Club ; T. S. Cameron, of the 
Clyde Steamship Line; CapWJn J. M. Lachlan, oE 
the United Stat«s and Brazil Mail Steamship Com- 

pany ; J. M. Miller, of the Providence and Stuning- 
ton Iflne ; L. F, Lovell, of the Fall Eiver Line, and 
w. W. Everett, of the People's Line, Captain 
Postlethwait, of West Point, was on board as a 

The big ferryboat Erastus Wimnn, with the Gov- 
ernors and Commissioners of the States on board, 
took up her passengers at the West Tweoty-third- 
Bt. ferry pier. The Laura M. Starin, the press 
boat, lay at tbe Barge Office, and the Sirlus and the 
other Iron Steamboat Comijany steamers got their 
paBsengers aboard at Pier No. 1 and at Twenty- 
third-st. The little fleet that was to go to meet 
the President steamed down the North Iliver and 
past Gov'ernor's Island about 1 o'clock. The 
men-of-war had by this time eot themselvea In 
l>prfcot trim, and were strung along in a line from 
o(E Ellis Island to below Bed low's Island, 

As the Statin ran by the scjuadron many of those 
on board got their tost olose glance at the new 
Navy. The Chicago was first in order— going down 
—a black, forblddlDg monster when seen broadside, 
but showing smooth and graceful lines on the 
view from stem to stern. The Admiral's flag wna 
flying from her masthead, her long guns were 
peepmg from the portholes, and her decks were 
crowded with officers and their friends. The 
gay flags came out in pleasant contrast to her 
pltoh-hlack hull. Beyond the Chicago lay the 
famous Kearsarge, the hero of the llt'ht off Cher- 
bourg, as excellent a type of the old Navy as the 
Chicago is of the new. Next te the Kearsarge 
came the smaller Vtintia, all her masts decked with 
naes and streamers. Then in succession the Essex, 
also in her gayest dress; the Brooklyn, home from 
her cruise around Capo Horn, floating a streamer 
as long as her keel, which seemed to stretch 
straight out In tho wind half-way ftcro5E the chan- 
nel ; the Atlanta, just in, too, Irom a South Ameri- 
can cruise, her saffron huU and upper works show- 
ing in odd conli'nst to the sombre black of all tho 
others before her ; the Jamestown, the Juniata and 
the Torktown, the lost a fresh new gunboat, the 
other two old cruisers of reputation, showy, but 
fragile-looking alongside of the heavy, low-built 
Atlanta; and finally the Boston, trim and orderly 
from bow t« rudder, the many-colored flags flown 
from lier rigging set off by oontjast with her hull 
of dead white. 

Below the mcn-of.war the revenue cutter* and 
Btcam yachts were drawn up, all raldsh, grace- 
ful craft, some flying the strildng Revenue flag, 
others the burgees of the v.irious local yacht clubs. 
To the other sine of the Bay from Owl's Head down 
toward Fort Hamilton stretched the line of mer. 
chontmen, propellers and tugs, now partially 
formed. Pntnllel with this and in tho rear of the 
fleet of yachts, lyas another fleet of merchantmen, 
ending apparently almost in the Narrows. The 
escorting squadron reached the Klll-von-KnIl Bbout 
11 o'clock. The' Erastus Wlman in the lead, 
the big steamer Monmouth and the Laura H. Starin 
following. The Sirius had cone on ahead and an. 
chored off Elizabethport, Both hanks of the nar- 
row kill all the way down were black ^nth 
crowds of speolator.s. Every pier and every hill- 
side was held firmly down by patriotic enthusiast^ 
who pushed and jostled each other to get a view of 
the waterway. At many points on both shores 
hatt«riea were planted ready to touch ofC at the 
approach of the President's boat, and the only 
buildings that were not decked with flags were 
the unsightly sheds along the piers of the oil 


Tho Despateh was already floating the Prest. 

dent's flag, a square of blue with an eagle in white 

in the centre, when the escorting steamers reached 

Elizabethport. The steam launch was just b«LTLa, 



hoisted up and the seamen were tugging at the 
Fhip*s anchor. At 11 :30 the anchor oame up 
dxipping and was palled on the deck. With a 
sbml whistle the l)e8patch started slowly for- 
ward, and the last stage of the journey Washings 
ton. made a little more than a hundred years ago 
was begun. The other steamers fell in line, and 
the kill all at onoe was choked with craft. The 
Despatdi, her white smokestack the only thing 
about her tiiat oould be seen half the time, kept at 
the head of the column. Stragglers that had come 
down the kijl but part of the way were constantly 
iitrning and falling in. The police-boat Patrol 
tried to preserve some order, but failed. Ex- 
cursion steamers, tugs and sailing craft rushed in 
where even the police captains feared to tread. 

The whistle valves of titie tugs were pulled loose, 
eannon on both sides began to open sham fire and 
the hubbub at the end of an international yacht 
race was now recalled with regret by the fre- 
Quenters of sailing matches. One battery on 
StatQH Island was kept pounding away, double 
duty. The swabber overdid himself at last^ how- 
ever, and let his gun swab fall into the water. 
A half-mile up the kill the Myndert Starin joined 
the procession. She had a gun aboard, and kept 
the breech of it hot all the way up. The Myndert 
Storin also had a band, the only band, it may be 
remarked, that played during the morning. Bands 
seemed to be thougnt altogether too feeble a means 
of venting the popular enthusiasm. 

The excursion steamers kept crowding in. The 
John H. Starin appeared, the third Starin boat on 
the scene. .Each carried a big muslin strip on 
which was printed : " Welcome, Benjamin Har- 
rison." The Sam Sloan and the familiar Svlvan 
Dell soon hove in sight. Both were loaded down, 
and passengers stooa on the rail to catch a glimpse 
of the President. 

General Harrison had taken a place from the 
start on the bridge of the Despatch, commanding. 
In theory, as the Chief of the Navy. Here he 
stood, his silk hat now In his hand, now on his 
head, bowing to the salutes and cheers on every 
side. Just a little below him in a group were 
Secretary Tracy, Attomev-General Miller, walker 
Blaine and Secretary ftoctor. The Vice-Presi- 
dent stpod in the bow of the boat and talked with 
Mr. Gerry and Mr. Coudert. General Schofield sat 
on a campstool near the middle of the vessel. 
Near him was Senator Evarts, his clean-cut face 
easily recognizable. He was chatting animatedly 
with Secretary Eusk. Every now and then the 
groups changed. Probably half the men aboard 
the Despatch were famibar figures about New- 
York. Many queer mistakes were made with the 
rest, the Chief Justice, for instance, who wears 
only a mustache, being mistaken for the Secretary 
of Agriculture, whose beard is patriarchal. 


Off St. George the returning boats got their first 

glimpse again of the expectant fleet in the harbor. 

The whole surface of the Bay seemed to swarm 

with craft, all in the many hues of the rainbow 

On land it would have been a solid field of masts 

and guide-lines, banners, flags and snrea'ueis. The 

gentle swell in the harbor gave the one olemsac of 

variety that was lacking— motion. But the eye 

could not rest long on the picture in the Bay. The 

Staten Islanders were out in force at St. George. 

They had brought a fire-engine down to the edge 
of the water to help along the hubbub, and kept a 
batcery going until the Despatch got out of sight. 
In the harbor proper the little fieet from Eliza- 
bethport was swallowed up at once in iii«- vast 
flotilla. The Despatch, almost lost to sight among 
the huge excursion steamers, had to slacken speed 
and make some effort to free herself ol this now 
troublesome escort. Just past Bobbins Reef a 
y»wl, with two men aboard, got right in the way 
o^ the cutter. The Despatch slowed up at once, 

but a collision oould not be averted. The yawl 
was struck gently on the side and knocked end. 
wise. A few ropes were carried awav, but no 
great damage was done. The frightened crew got 
Off again safely and made for shore. 

The Despatch's arrival in the Bay had been the 
signal for the beginning of the salutes, and every 
vessel that had a gun got ready for firing. The 
Myndert Starin's little cannon was still working 
vigorously, and her band inspired fresh energy on 
aF sides by tackling " Johnny, Get Your Gun.*^ 
^Hie reviewing line was reached near the head of 
the steam yacht squadron, the Despatch breaking 
girough beti^-een the Susquehanna and the Oneida. 
Both yachts fired salutes and gave a cheer, and 
President Harrison took off his hat and waved 
back his recognition. The excursion boats were 
crowding in upon the Despatch more than ever, 
and energentic efforts had to be made by the officers 
on board the President's vessel to dear a path for 
the review. The force of big steamers had been 
joined by the Crystal Wave, the Blackbird, the 
J. G. Emmons, the ferryboat Maine, the little KosaS 
the James T. Brett, the J. B. Schuyler and many 
others. All were running at loose ends and cross 
purposes. Finally a clear course was gained and 
the Despatch had a chance to run in close to the 
revenue cutters and the men-of-war. The Grant, 
the Dexter, the Hamilton, the Chandler and the 
rest of the cutters fired salutes. Then the heavier 
guns of the Boston thundered out, their rever- 
berating claps soon being echoed by the batteries 
of the Atlanta. The Brooklyn's streamer floated 
proudly out over the Despatch as the cutter ran 
by, and her heavy guns puffed out curling rings 
of dense white smoke. All the yards had been 
manned, and this always taking manoeuvre drew 
out murmurs of applause, drowned only by the 
sound of the firing. 



The Chicago being the flagship, the Despatch ran 
in close to exchange greetings, and the smoke 
from the big cruiser's guns was almost blown 
into the faces of the closer followers of the Presi- 
dent's boat. Admiral Jouett and his staff were 
gathered on the quarter-deck, and the marines 
were drawn up in ranks facing the Despatch. The 
President took off his hat as the officers on the 
Chicago saluted. Then, with a flash and puff 
of smoke, the big guns began firing, and the roar 
of the laeit member of the fleet joined with the 
slackening thunder of the others to mark the 
ohmax of the naval review. The long line of 
men-of-war was almost hidden in the cloud of 
smoke, drifting off slowly, now obscuring, now 
revealing the graceful lines of the Goddess of 
Liberty on her pedestal on Bedlow's Island. 

The scene recalled in a way the pageant at the 
unveiling of the statue, nearly three years ago. 
Then, as now, the smoke of the guns rose to hide 
the Goddess. Then, however, it came from the 
frowning portholes of the old Navy, the Navy 
which Farragut knew and heroes of the Rebellion 
made famous. Now it came, the denser volume of 
it, from the cruisers of the future, the warships 
which are to open a new page in the history of the 
American Navy. 

From the head of the line, turning off toward 
Governor's Island, and the St. Mary's, the Presi- 
dent and the spectators on the steamers which 
accompanied him got their last glimpse of the 
great marine display. Clear down to the Narrows; 
from one side of the harbor to the other, there 
was one vast field of shipping, flags, pennons and 
streamers flying, the smoke of the guns drifting 
about among the bunting, the cheers of thousand! 
of spectators still sounding in tiie ears of the most 
honored of the city's guests. It was only a 
glimpse, and then the Despatch steamed swifthr 
away on the last quarter-mile of Washlngtonrcr 
journey, casting anchor just a little after 1 o'clock 


St Uie foot of Wall-st., to await an embaikatjon 
to the uelghbotitig fen^-house. 


The delay in landing the President at WaU-*t. 
aeemed to take the spirit out or the marine parade, 
and only a few of the vegsels made ihe passage up 
the ISaai Bivei. This potdon of the prograntoe 
was. In fact, Indifferently adhered to, aad the 
waiting thouBBcds on tlie Brooklyn and New-York 
Bhotes above the Bridge were senously disappoint- 
ed, as were those who expected to gee the parade 
on the North Kiver. Many of the larger steamers 
made iiaste to land their pasaengerB at the Battery 
in the hope that they might witnesH tlie ■Wall-st^ 
parade and an aspeo of general demoraliiation 
appeared to afflict the fleet as soon as the Despatch 

The Sound and river steamers amd t«gs which 
made an attempt to oarrj^ out the programme were 
all handaomoly dreesed with bunting and crowded 
with passengers. There were between forty and 
fifty which started up the North Biver, but many 
put Into their berths before Twenty-tliird-Bt. was 
reached, and others turned back from thatjroint 
instead of going around the stakeboat at Fifty- 
flrst^t., as the programme required. At her pier 
at West Twenty-si ith-st. the training-ship Minne- 
sota lay, dressed with bunting, a solitary repre- 
sentative of the Navy in that quarter. The pfaa- 
mg-mills, paddng-housea, lumber piles and every 
otaer elevated place along the river were crowded 
M densely as places downtovra, but the Beet 
lagged and dwindled, until at 3 o'clock the North 
Kiver, vnth the exception of the warships and 
cutters at anchor in the stream, presented fte nor- 
mal appearance. 




A. lontc line o^ men-of-war. forming the fluwt 
Naval display ever seen in this country In times 
of peace, stretched from Bedlow's Island to Hob- 
bins Eeef In the Upper Bar. Vessels wreathed 
In smoke from their thundering cannons and with 
yarda manned as the President went br, with 
marines In brilliant uniforms paraded on the 
auarWr-deoks, scarlet- coated buclera soundinit a 
fanfare, officers gorgeous in cold lace and oocked 
hate, the strong, fresh wiad waving their sable 
osmon plumes, and driving away the smoke 
utauEh which ever and anon came flashing a 
Mngne ot flame, while from mast and yard of 
c and ol hundreds of merchant 
inting thut made - - ' 

.1 pennants— such 

RsUng on the placid wat«:s of the Bay. and 
waUed by the Kreen hills of Staten Island and 
by the great cities that nress the water's edge. 

Above all toward tho great Statue of Liberty, 
ealm, cold. Impassable, no flags fluttering, no 
bunting displayed, but looking with that tre- 
mcudou.'. tranauil human face on all the glittering 
display below, prototype of the spirit which In- 
BpiT«d it and made it Dossible. All the moving 
vesMla w?re steamliiC down both rivers, where the 
Naval fleet was alreadv snchored. They were 
black with people, gay with bunting, and, when 
Oiey had finally taken their places, the whole 
■nrfacc of the Bav^ blossomed like a en-rden of 
flowars. Before the eun was fired far o(T down the 
Killa whieh announced that the President had 
boarded the Despatch and was on his war up t« 
the Beet, thp blue-suited sfillors. the Rayly-cap^ri- 
•mied martnea, the stately and resiilendent otQcers 
an U.e Naval vessels, walked about the decks, I 

Tratahlug with Interest the constant stream 
of vessels that swept by them to 
tafee the places appointed them. Merchant vessels 
st^-.iniboats, tugs Hud i;\'ery form of craft that a 
great city could furnish poured by, until finally, all 
being in position, the sound of a gun was heard 
in the direction of Elizabeth port. Then np the 
long line steamed the Deapatoh covered with 
bunting and wrapped in the clouds of smoke that 
blew toward her as the salute rolled along the line. 

The sun had now broken through the clouds, and 
ahone down Upon the pageant, adding splendor to 
its beauty. The waves sparkled, the bunting 
gleamed, the fresh, sweet winds blew over the Bay, 
the guns roaied, the bands played and the people 
cheered. Tiirough such a scene President Harrison 
was borne to the place where the waiting and en- 
thusiastio thousands crowded the olty's wharves, to 
be rowed ashore by those ancient and honorable 
members of the Marine Society who were to man 
his barge. The water was churned into foam by 
the swift orait that followed, and all the stately 
fleet moving northward. 

Up toward the Pahsadcs of the North River 
swept the men-of-war, the merchant ships, with all 
their bunting waving and their decks crowded with 
people, passing up toward the great gray towers ot 
the Bridge, which lifted themselves against tlie 
clouds. Everywhere on land and sea were pat- 
riotic enthusiasm, clouds of fiags and streamers, 
people packed thickly on piers and bulkheads and 
vessels' decks. The eye was weary of the gor- 
geousness oF the scene, and the ear was deafened 
with the salvos and shouting. 

Looking at the city from the Bay, it seemed as 
if a cloud of starry flags had settled over it, and all 
along the Battery and along the lines of wiiarves 
there was one black, solid mass of hutnanltv. The 
people swarmed up the rigging of vessels lying at 
the docks and made black pyraruids. They climbed 
to every available place on the ships on the Bay, 
and so " In glory and In state" the President passed 
through the midst of his loyal citizens. Then the 
fleets disappeared from the Bay, the tumult a.aA the 
noise ceased on the water, but still borne by the 
winds came the roar of the millions on shore and 
still floated above the jubilant city the cloud ot 
starry flags. 



A citizen of this great Bepublic stood on the 
edge of tho float at tie West Twenty-third-st 
ferry slip yesterday morning and waved his 
arms in frantic farewell. A buxom American 
wife and mother stood on the stem of the ferry- 
boat ErastUH Wiman, as it drew out of the slip, 
and she answered the demonstration with a de- 
spairing look and a doubly despairing wall. 
ITiey were not aotois in an elopement tragedy, 
however; they were simply connections by mar- 
riage of some l^ird cousins of some member ot 
some Governor's stnlT, and, tlierefore, Utey in 
common with about four thousand other equally 
important ptrsons, had tickets entitling thorn to 
one passage down the Bay in the Erastus Wiman, 
in company with the numerous Governors and 
representatives of States, to see President Har- 
rison follow in the footsteps, oc rather In tho 
wake, of his illustrious predecessor, one George 
Washington. The rush of ticket-holders for 
the Wiman when the gates opened at 9:30 ^^^ 
terday morning thieatened. v> w««.t&.'* "Xit-i- ^£^i& 



■treBm ot humaiiit; Imd to bo out oH somewlicre, 
and tho bo»t pulled out so HuddeQl7 ia the effort 
t« eKtot tills ce:<ult that eome family ties were 
tutblesai7 brolteu in the manner described; the 
wife getting aboard, the husband ^ttins left. 
The flbove incident wns charHctarustto of the 
da5 and tlie dcmon.stration, as viewed from the 

Xoloua saloons, each man and woman seized a 
ir, and instantly each broad stalronse was 
transformed into a Jacob's ladder, with angels 
la tailor-made dresses ascendins and dcscendins, 
every angel carrying a camp-stool with her. 
There were 2,000 people on the boat, ami nen '" 
as many more, who were left behind, held 
overflow meeting on the fleet steamer Monmoi 
which was pri,v]ded tor the various Govern 
•nd Gubernatorial cousins who had failed tc 
BboBtd the Wiman or the Sirius. 


The HtsKn islBtid ftagship was a king among 
ferry boats as she saileii down past the oity, 
■where every peak and spire and gable had Its 
■waving Uag. Hee declcs were laden with every 
epeciea o( olvio dignity from an ex-PresliIent 
down. Her pntont feathering paddle-wheel out 
tkhe water with the neatness and precision of a 
lncal>-axe. Stpeamers Uoated from every available 
point on rigging or rallioR. A wliite-helmeted 
band, from Uie Gmnll State of Khode Island, 
" Hide a large noise on the lower deck, and 

body was hanpy in the enjoyment of Stutcn 

'■■'""'' '--spitalit.y, except tlie man who couldn't 

t and tie wife whoa? better hnlf was 

last seen on the ferryboat. 

On the hurricane deck and in the capacious 
tUot houses were ex-l'resident Hay3s, <Jh:inneey 
M. Depew, Senator Sherman, Governor Foraker, 
Governor Luce, of Michigan, Uovemor Hovey, 
the soldierly Executive of IndlaiHj and Governor 

Company, entertained these and many other well- 
tnown people with geogrnphlcnl intormnt'on and 
dissertations on the great mistake Washington 
made in not bridging the Kilb* and coming up 
to New-Vork by rapid transit iustenil ot paddlin;r 
along in a little boat. JiS-Secretar.y Baynrd sat 
on the ssloon roof and studied the seaward pros- 
pect with tho steady gaie of a helmsman ot the 
Ship of State. Governor Gordon, of Georgia, 
braced his sturdy form ainiiiist the stiff westerly 
wind which blew with playful fcecdom through 

of the American Navy, ooirecied under t^- ,,.„- 
t«cting shadow of Liberty's goddess, and silently 
compared it with the McxifHti armament. Ur. 
George B. Loring, ei-Uommissioner of Agrloulture 
■nd newly-appointed Minister to Portugal, kept 

lis portly form and square New-England 

;np(l ! 

1 the 

lieuled aronnd the Kobb^ns Ki?ef benoon and ^,™.^. 
aown the Kill toward Elizabeth no rt. 

The Stflten Islnnd shores were lined with people 
Bs the pride o( the Staten Island navy passed by 
■with her load or Governors, and the Staten Island 
nre Department tunned out with jangling gong 
and rattling truck to parade along the shor^ 
»nd show the world th-.ii. the spirit of 1 TBB was not 
itoien in Staten Islnnd vciiwi. The ancient mar- 
iners arranued in front of the Sailors' Snug Harbor 
cheered, and all the little steamboats tooted in 
chorus as the Governors swept onward to meet 
the coming President, 


A little helore 11 o'elook the ferryboat lay to 
^itldn sight of Eli zdibeth port and the white tunnel 
<?^ tie Despatch, when an ample luncheon provided 

by Mi. Wiman was served to the crowd of not- 
ables on board. After drifting in the stream for 
half an hour and dodging the more inquisitive 
and lees respectrul steamers which pushed in ahead 
and did their best to Gut oil the view ot tho dii^ 
nitaries on board, the sight of a doien yachts aiid 
tugs foaming down the channel in advuuce of the 
much- decora ted cralt that bore tho Preaidential 
party put new lite iuto waiting sonh. Beblnd 
the DesBatch o-irae tlie City of Hudson, with Gov- 
ernor Green and five a sis hundred New-Jersey 
offlciaLs on board. As tiie Despatch Bt«umed by. 
Captain Frank U. Braisied, ot the Wiman, ra]i2 
to reverse the engine, and swung into lino behind 
the Presiiiential steamer. 

Then betan the usual race into which a " marine 
pageant" usually degenerates. It the general 
opinion of the Wiman's iia^engers could be formu- 
lated. it would he that there is no more free and 
untrammelled soul in this land ot freedom than a 
tugboat cuptAin in the midst ot a "marine 
pageant," unless possibly it may be an iron-steain- 
lioat cantain in a like situation. Ue laughs at 
admirals and rear-aa:niralB, regulations and procla- 
mations. He puts on a full head of steam and 
goes for a position at a resptcttul distance of about 
three feet from the object of his curiosity, whether 
the same be an English cutter or an American 
Chief Magistrate. 

StiL, the general spectalile was in no way marred 
by this introversion of the procession. As tho fleet 
bwept out of the Kills into the Kiy. the broadside 
of admiring exclamaCintis from the three-decked 
ferryboat became audible even above the roaring 
whistles and spiteful cannonading. All points on 
the boat wore equally advantateous points ot 
view, for iu wliuttver direction the eye turned 
there -ivcro miles of Btreaming bnnling, yellow 
spars, black funnels, tooting whistles, rolling ships 
and bobbing boats, all roofed by endless vistas 
ot Bcccy cloud arches and floored by tho sun- 
flecked water of the harbor. 

Wlien tlie Despatch pulled up to free herself 
from the reckless little sldll that EOt in her way 
and nearly had the honor ot being sunk by a boat 
that bore the President, and tlie big steamers 
moved right and left in their efforts to keep from 
running one another dowrf, tlie, passengers on the 
Wiman were not so sorry that tlielr boat was a 
little in the roar. After this little incident was 
over and the line of march taken up again, the 
flotilla swept onward past tho men-of-war, the 
ghostly white Bcston. the Atlanta. wltlL her dirty 
yellow upper work and general air ot an Knglish 
tramp, past the big bqu are-rigged Brooklyn, past 
the handsome cruiser Chicago, until liually tJia 
wheels ot the Wiman stopped turning when she 
bumped up against the outermost of tlio Uotilln 
of tugs tli!it surrounded the I'resJdent's steamer, 
oH tJiB foot of Wall-st. To the Governors and 
their friend^ it looked as tjiough the old ship- 
masters would have to make seveial portacvs over 
intervening tugs, if they expected to take General 
Harrison ashore in their barge. 

At length, however, a way was opened up, and 
when Captain Bralst«d and a hundred other uulck- 
eyed pilots caught sight of the gleaming high hats 
and patent leather shoes of the venerable old tars, 
with their boat-load of Presideotial dignity, a 
hundred bands pulled as many whistles, and a roar 
broke forth must have reached Washington in 
bis tomb at Mount Vernon. 

The strangers among the passengers on the 
Wiman stared in wonder at the bolid masses of 
people on wharves and iiousetops, and at the 
great Bridge, which from a necklace ot diamonds 
by night had become a lielt of jet by day, so black 
was it with accumulated humanity. Captain 
Braisted ran his boat Into her slip at SouUi Ferry 
and allowed a large part of her oargo to land, then 
steamed to I'wenty-third-st. and landed tliu test 


et a well-sjtisfled partjf, thorouglilr pleased with. 
£taetus Wiman. both mail und boat, and coatuali 
witli all things exceyLint' tueboate. 

Among those wtiD were aboard or on the Moc- 
tnouth were Thomiis A. Ekiison and family, Juhn 
C. CiaRin. Edward P. AmeK. Ulnist^^r Pieatun, dean 

Thurber, Assistant Seccelary ot iho Treasarx 
Batcheller, Consressman C. S. Baker. Tlicodore 
liDOsevelt. William Barnes and Will L. Uoyd, of 
Albany; Hamilton Fish, jr.. Assemblyman F. S. 

Watrous, J. M. Dai'is, Arthur Iipary, 11. G. Mar- 
quand, Mrs. Austin Corbiu and Mrs, A. J. King 
and daughters. 





The list of vessels that joined in the Naval 
* [ATade showed a number of war ships and oUiet 
Oaremment oratt such as Is seldom brought to. 
setbei In one harbor. As the long line moved 
OB its way the Naval vessels appeared in the fol- 
lowing order: Tlie Chiunt'o, the flagship; Kear- 
taxgo, Yantio, Essex. Utuokl^ii, Atlanta, James- 
town, Jnniata, Yorktown, Boston. 

Id tbe revenue division were the cruise steam- 
boats U. S. Grant, Samuel Dexter, Albect Crallatln 
BJid Alexander Hamilton; the harbor tUgs Man- 
hattan and G. Washington, and the W. E. 

The yacht division was headed by the Electca 
and included iiuinerous yachts belonging to clubs 
whioh appeared ift the following ordet; Mew-Yock 
Yacht Ciub, Atlantic, Corinthian. Senwunhalca, 
Amecjcan and Larciiniunt. 

Hardly less biilliMit than the Naval fleet was 
the imposing array of the merchant marine, or. 
ranged ia two columns opposite tJie Irowniug 
men-ol-war. Bedecked with flags and biiaiinp, 
and with streamers flying, the long hncs of huge 
boats made a memoralile sight. Eacly in tbe tnoru- 
ing the hagships Bergen and Vosburgh were busy 
arranging the positions or the boata according to 
oiders. By lU o'clock they were all in line, 
and, with the men-of-war, awaited the approach 
of the President. The bouts were arranged in two 
divisions, in charge of tbe senior and junior rear- 
admirals, each divisions consisting of five squail- 
rons, each o( which was commanded by a eom- 

Ihe first division was formed in the Upper Bay, 
with its head opposite the Buctis dry^ck, Ked 
Hook, Brooklyn. The other vesspls went inti) line 
astern of the flagship in the order given below, 
stretching out toward Stapleton, Statin Island. 
The second division was formed somewhat west 
o( the first division, with its head close to Buoy 
No. 20, The smaller bouts were anchored toward 
the obannel. There was no confusio^i whatever 
along the lines, as the system of signals was 
perfect and well understood, every man Irnow- 
ing his orders. The namps of the boats, as tliey 
stood in line, were as follows: 

Vlce-AdRitrBl 0. W. Wnuiniy. CorauuuidlDK Heet. 

FligBhlp— Steamer Bets en. 

3Jeot-CB.t.UJn-D. M. ilnni^PT. 

W. Vosburgh. 

Squadron Mo. L-Oomniodora Isbbc I» PUIiec. 
nagBhlp— Fanny Skoar. -tt i, n 

Ueurenan"' V/\''^evea-1as J. B. MilcheU. 
BiBamboaC Mary Powell. 

), Old 

D T.lni 

- te 

rbSk" sfv" 







Dt Blcflmonfl, C 






SU8, W. P. P»r 

a, W. P. Park 

?t. p'. I-irkei 


01 tr 

r Eingsto)., \V 


S. B 


HlBCOX. t. W ' 




?.?■ £"P.'?"V.£? 

K Hon 

BteauilinBt CryslaJ Wave. Brldgoport B. D. Co. 
Steamboat Wnterbury. BilflBepor^ S, B. Co. 

Squadron Ho. S.— CommodotB U. IlAoket. 

FlasBhip— Tug Ivoa. _ . „ „ 

Commander. P. H. M arshall— Tn« A. O. Rose. 

BlSmbmc Morrisajilo, G. 'a. Wriehc 
StoamboaC Thomas Hunt. Jj^H; Vroonun. 

StesDiboac Itoeedal'e. Amar; J. Smlili, Brldgsporb 
SMamboiit Idlewlia, S. Woolsey. 
Stcsmbuat Chrystenah, Jamaa E. Morris. 

S^Mibnat Shadr^eide', N. & E. RIvoi S.' B. 'Oo, 
Steamboat NBUsatuck. 0. H. Smith. 
BteamboBt Rugglos. C. H. Smith. 
Steamboal D. S. Mlllor. Oytala E. D. Oarpsntor. 

Propeller TbomM McMwiua, fe. J. Hamllion. 

Bqusdron No. B.-Oommodora W, 0. EgOTton. 
S;Sa,lS??:haZ"p. HL""^Tt., Howard C»»ll. 

, P. 



Ferryboat ■-..mnvu.' ..,...-,.., , . — 
PerriboBt NorthfleW, P. 8. Gnnnon. 
PeriTboBt Southflald P. S. Gannon. 
IterrjboBt Bruokljn, Union PorrJ Uo. 
Porrybaat Booth Brooklyn. Ambroso. 



■8 4 Co. 

Myeri jt Co. 

■ton. Myer. * Co. 

Sl«»m.yaelit Volante. 

SteaiD-yaclit Myrtle. 
Steam. yacht Lagonda- 

Bqu»dron No. <-— ConunoJ 

SSSErS ™™VTu5,a If, ~«5- 

Tub Refl Ash O. R. ot N. J. 
Tua A?°a' Cheney! A.' c' Cheney. 

Tua Christina. A. O. ChBnrar- 

Tui HoneTBuDkln, A. O. (Jticney. „ _ _ — 

TbS Moh.wk. valley. N. T- S" * S" 5" 5" 5: 

Tub a^-p 


ra Kina.' 

ron No. 6.— Coinniftdsre ChSflBB M. BoTe^ 

CoI^Boder "cradte W. Boycr-^tpsm-llBhtor CIm. 
wJSrntT: Frank Shortland-Tug Jamaa WltM. 
FwlBbt-boat I.. Boyor. 

SLeam-llahter Cllmoi. „ _, , 

Stoam-llBhlcr General Frani SIffel. 

SteBm-Ilahtec Mllli'. 

Steam-llEhter Border CIW. 

SlBOJO-llBhtcr AdnUrsi. 

Bteam-llehter Etta Monro. 

Bleara-liRhter Roseaala. — 


nellus N. Bliss, Frederick S. Tallmadge, Sam- 
ael D. Babcook, Clarence W. Bowen, secretary. 

No. 2— States. ^William G. Hamilton, chairman ; 
James 0. Garter, John Schuyler. J. Tallmadge Van 
Rensselae^ James W. Husted, Theodore Boosevelt, 
Jacob A. Cantor, E. Ellery Anderson^loyd Clark- 
son, Henry W. LeBoy, John B. Pine, Samuel 
Borrowe, James M. Montgomery, secretary. 

No. 3— General Government.—John A. King, 
chairman ; John Jay, Edward Cooper, William U. 
Wickham, William R Grace, Frederick J. De 
Peyster, William H. Robertson, Cornelius Vander- 
bilt, Willi€im M. Evarts. Frank Hiscook, Seth 
Low, secretary. 

No. 4— Army (Military and Industrial Parade).— 
S. Van Bensselaer Cruger, chairman; John Coch- 
rane, Locke W. Winchester, J. Hampden Robb, 
Frederick Gallatin, Frederick D. Tappen, John C. 
Tomlinson, secretsiry. 

No. 5— Navy.— Asa Bird Gardiner, chairman; 
John S. Barnes. George G. Haven, Jackson S. 
Sohultz, D. Willis James. Frederick R Coudert, 
Captain Henry Erben, U. S. N., Ogden Goelet, 
John Jay Pierrepont, Loyall Farragut, Alfred C. 
Cheney, Buchanan Winthrop, S. Nickolson Kane, 

No. 6— Entertainment.— Stuyvesant Fish, chair- 
man; William Waldorf Astor, William K. Van- 
dcrbilt, William Jay, Egerton L. Winthrop, Robert 
Goelet, Gouvernei r Morris, William B. Beelanan, 
S. L. M. Barlow, Stephen H. Olin, William E. D. 
Stokes, Ward McAllister, secretary and manager. 

No. 7— Finance.— Brayton Ives, chairman; 
Darius O. MiUs, Richard T. Wilson, William L. 
Strong, Henry B. Hyde, James M Brown, Louis 
Fitzgerald, Allan Campbell, John Sloane, James 

D. Smith, Edward V. Loew, Eugene Kelly, Walter 
Stanton, John F. Plummer, J. Edward Simmons, 
John J. Knox, DeLancey NicoU, secretary. 

jjd. 8— Railroads and Transportation.— Orlamdo 
B. Potter, chairman ; Chauncey M. Depew, Erastus 
Wiman, Charles W. Dayton, Josiah M, Fisk, Clif- 
ford Stanley Sims, Thomas S. Moore, James Duane 
Livingston, secretary. 

No. 9— Art and Exhibition.— Henry G. Mar- 
quand, chairman ; Gordon L. Ford, vice-chairman ; 
Daniel Huntington, F. Hopkinson Smith, William 

E. Dodge,, Charles Parsons, A. W. Drake, Oliver 
H. Perry, Frank D. Millet, H. H. Boyesen, Charles 
Henry Hart, Rutherford Stuyvesant, John L. Cad- 
walader, Ldspenard Stewart,, Charles H. Russell, 
jr., Richard W. Gilder, secretary. 

No. 10— Literary Exercises.— Elbridge T. Gerry, 
chairman; Clarence W. Bowen, secretary. 

Upon his accession to office Mayor Grant be- 
came chairman of the General Committee, but ex- 
Mayor Hewitt continued to work with the Com- 
mittee on Pla«i and Scope. All the principal pro- 
moters of the celebration not only gave their 
time to the work gratuituously, but made liberal 
subscriptions to the general fund and paid the 
fun price for their tickets to the ball and ban- 
quet, their only return being the satisfaction 
which they now derive from the success of their 
labors, and the commemorative badges they re- 
ceived as mementoes of the occasion. Mr. Gerry 
has, in addition, a small gavel which he used as 
chairman, costing about $1. This he will treas- 
ure as a souvenir. 

That even the most far-sighted of the projectors 
of the celebration did not forecast the tremendous 
proportions which it would assume is shown by 
the fact that it was intended to have the review- 
ing stand on lie Sub-Treasury steps. When the 
voice of the States began to be heard, all limited 
plans had to be abandoned, and three days were 
scarcely long enough Ifor' a celebration that 
was originally intended for only one. 
The State appropriated $225,000 for the pur- 
poses of the celebration, of which $150,000 was 
for the transportation and provisioning of the 
National Guard, $20,000 for the Grand Army of 
tAe jeepnblic, and $55,000 for the use of the 











8 a. m.— Artillery salutes at forts and Navy Yard. 
0:30 a. m.— Steamers Siriusand Erastus Wiman 

leave New- York with Governors and Commis- 
sioners of States to meet President Harrison 
at Elizabethport. 

11 a. m.— l^resident Harrison leaves Elizabethport 
for New- York. 

11 : 15— Naval parade begins. 

1 p. m.— President lands at Wall-st., and is re- 

ceived by the Governor and the Mayor. 
1: 30— First land parade from pier to Equitable. 

2 to 3:30— Keceptlon and luncheon at Equitabla 
4 to 5 : 30— Public reception at City Hall— Greeting 

and address of school girls. 

9 p. m.— The Centennial ball. 

CBeprinted from The Tribune, April 80.) 
There were memories in many minds of the last 
great National celebration held in New- York, when 
the citizens of the American metropolis and the 
many thousand strangers within her gates arose 
from their beds yesterday morning. The day 
which was to witness the beginning of the most 
magnificent celebration ever undertaken in the 
new world had arrived, and had brought with it 
recollections, neither inspiring nor comforting, of 
the day five years and five months before, when 
the evacuation of New- York by the British troops 
had been commemorated. It was the weather 
that acted the part of an ungracious reminder. 
On the morning of November 26, 1883, the people 
of New- York had risen to witness a spectacle with 
some features like unto yesterday's. The public 
imagination had been stirred by vivid descriptions 
of the little army of occupation one hundred 
years before, marching proudly down the Bowery 
Koad, through a nipping, eager air that put 
elastic energy into every movement, while the 
spirit of victory brightened every eye. 

The commemorative spectacle was expected to 
be equally Inspiring to the inheritors of the boon 
won by those gallant troops, with its picture 
of a vast city bedecked with glad bunting, its 
receptions of National dignitaries, and its military, 


eivlo and manna parades. Hut Buncise ushered | dashed hithei and thither, 
In a daikBome day, trith heav^ clouds hanging 
— r the city, b bleak, ponBtrating wind blowing 

plus enthusiasm and energy. Along tlie wtiBtein 
edge of the fleet lay a line of warships stretohine 
down toward the Eobbina Beef light. Oa them aQ 

16,000 BoldleTB and the 25,000 civilians started 
on their march, tJie rain began falling again in 
m Insidious, diaguatlng drizzle, while dark olouds 
of mist, driving before the wind, scarcely higher 
than the housetops, obscured the marine picture 
and made the demonstration little more than a 
hollow mookery. 

Unhappy memoricn t^ese with whJoIi to wake 
on the morning of the hundredth anniversary of the 
Mtabiishment of the exfecutive deparlment of 
conBtitutional government in the New World. 
But the weather was to blame. Those who were 
awake at fi o'clock heard the rattle of rain-drops 

the sky had a sullen look, masfiee of black clouds 
hung low in whichever direction inquiring looks 
were turned and momentarily threatened a down- 
nout like that which t«ok the' orispnesa and brill- 
iancy OUT of the Evacuation Day festivities. The 
wind fluttered the bunting gayly enough, but it 
was long before the eager thousonds were gratifted 
''""■' ' n. . .. , and the 

of the multitude had been chilled. Beginning 
with early morning the city sent its thousands 
in steady streams southward through streets and 
avenues that in stretclies looked like aisles out 
through a wildornesH of tfi-colored buildings. 
Scarcely a house so humble but it could show 
Its little spot of gay and patriotic bunting. 
The Btorm of the preceding three dnys had marred 
the picture in places, and the lowering skjcs 
had discouraged some from renewing their be- 
draggled decorations, but enough remained to give 
the city a more bravely patriotic appearance than 
ever it bore before. 

One purpoae occupied the minds of the host 
that had culled out a holiday. It was to see as 
much as possible of the great naval review and 
the r ^*-- -' •■-- ■>^— =^— -• 

ington had done a hundred years before. 

It was some minutes after noon, when far down 
toward Stat«n Island a cloud of white steam rose 
from the waiting craft, fiteam whistles were 
joreeching their salute to the Chief Executive of the 
Nation. Then came on the water the sound of 
cannon. The Despatch, bearing the President and 
his official family, had oome into the Bay and the 
naval review had begun. The air was wonderfullj, 
dear, and the progress of the Despatch and the 
steamers accompanying her could be followed by 

the gradual approach of the cloud of powder e 
«;„ _., t.i„ ...1 .jjjp PreBidentlftl i 

ihip after ship took 
DUO to those on shore " 
great. The wind ble 
carried the Bound act 
reached the thousands 

Stats, whc 

Imposing scenes it was necessary to be In the 
lower part of the city. Seven miles of the city's 
water-front showed a deep fringe ot humanity 
whose dark line was not interrupted by steam- 
ship piers or warehnuses. These the crowd mounted, 
and their perpendicular sides alone were bare. 
The roofs of the high buildings in the lower part 
of the city, which commanded a view of the 
bay. were black with people, the Produce 
Exchange alone being unpopulated. The outer 
edge of this dark human fringe vpas adorned 
more gayly than any of the avenues. Here lay all 
■Uie water-craft not concerned in the parade that 
ooiild find anchorage or wharf-room, all loaded 
with sightseerB. and all hedeoked with fluttering 
flags and pennants. 

No prettier spectBole of the Idnd can be Imagined 
tJian a vessel In gala dress. Sightseers at the Bat- 
tery who could see the warships dressed with the 
rainbow ajch of flags and signals can testify to this. 
They, too, and the thousands on the housetops m 
the 'lower part ot the Island saw a speotaole as 
beautiful as It was Impressive in the Upper Bay. 
The perspective Is, of course, deceiving In vlewH ot 
tills kind, but from the shore it seemed ns if the 
oara<^ity of the harbor that mighrr offer shelter 
to all the navies of the world was being tested. 
Hnndreds of brightly caparisoned craft filled the 
watery field between Governor's and Bedlow's 
Islands on the north and Staten Island on the 
south and the Long Island and New-Jersey shores 
to the east and west Till noon tlie vast fleet, 
after once It had gathered itself together, lay 
motdonless eiccept when a saucy tug now and then 

. _ lute. 

._ gladsome noise was noli 
from the southwest and 
s Long Island All that' 

^^ the roofs was an Irregular 

series of booms like abysmal notes from a mon- 
strous drum. So, too, the screeching and bellow- 
ing and howling and moaning of the steam whis- 
tles, which united in a gigantto dissonance to hor- 
rify the ears of those on board the craft in tJie 
Bay, lost all teiror to those on land, for many on 
the housetops could only see the wreathing steam, 
but could not hear the hoarse and shrieking pro- 
tests of the brazen larynsea from which It issued. 
While such observations are making, the Des- 
patch proceeds up the line. Colors are lowered, 
cannons send forth their greeting, and sudden^r 
the yards of the ship; are seen to be manned. 
I^teamers large and Hmall fall in the wake of the 
Despatch, and soon the whole fleet Is In motion. 
The warships weigh anchor anil, accompanied by 
the revenue cutters and steam yachts, move np 
the North Kiver in stately array. Now the poi^ 
ular interest centres at the foot of Wall-«t., a spot 
that had been conspicuous all the morning by 
reason of tKe forest of masts with parti-oolored 
leafage grouped there. Opposite this gay group 
the Despatch drops her anchor, and, like Washing- 
ton a hundred years before, President Harrison is 
taken into a large boat and rowed ashore by a 
crew of sbip-captflins, members of the Marine So- 
ciety. Now the formal portion of his reception 
begins Already at Elizabeth and illliabethport 
he had been made to feel the affectionate respect 
and admiration commanded by bis office, but now 
he is formally welcomed by the Governor of the 
greatest State in the Dnion, the Mayor of that 
State's metropolis arid officers of the commlttpes 
having the celebration in charge. Aocompanled 
by a military guard of honor, the committees and 
other civil and military dignitaries, he is tscorted 
through Wall-st. to the Kquibtble Building, pass- 
ing on his way the spot where stood the Federal 
Hall on who;* porch the first of his predeoessors 
took the onth of office. Then Wall-st was a sim- 
ple road between modesj houses, Its chief dimity 
the building which housed Congress. Sow it is 
bordered with buildings of marvellous size and 
grandeur, whose erection has effected ahnost as 
great a contrast between the Wall-^t ot 1889 and 
1870 as that between 1870 and 1789. 

After a receiitlon and luncheon In the cooma of 
the Lawyers' Club in the Eouitable Building, the 
same escort attended the President as he went 
to the City Hall, where he held a public rewp- 
tton in the Governor's room. The City Hall 
Park had become a focus of public attention as 
soon as the panorama In the Bay was dissipated. 
Pohce kept the pla7A In front of the tastefully 
and richly adorned building tree of people for 
several hours before the iSme set for the recep- 
tion, but when the President arri*-ed the walks 
and streets and half the park were covered. 
The weather had become fickle. Every lew 



Boolety of the Clnolnnatl, of the Loyal Legton, Omul 
Army of the Republic, the Washing^hn AasocUtloo, 
tbB New- Jersey Historloal 8ooiet7, and the Sons of the 
Beyolutlon. Then came forty more carrlajRes, coo^ 
talnlng t(he members of the Committee of Beoeptton 
of the cll(r of Elisabeth, the Centennial Committee 
of the Board of Trade, the City Council, the Board of 
Education, the city officers, the Freeholders of Union 
County, oommlttses from boards of trade of Trenton, 
Newark md Jersey City, and the Mayors of the neigh, 
boring cities. The organizations of the other five 
divisions were comiK)sea as follows : 

Third DlYlsion. 
Aid 6. Ii. Moore, ]r., commaudicg. 
Oavaliy, Csptala J. Ij. HammllL 
Odd Fellows. 
Junior Older United American Mochanlos. 
Piatt DeutBch Verein. 
TTnifonn Sank, Benights of Pythias, Colonel Wilson com- 
Boys in Continental Uniform to represent the Original 

Ssfurette Guards in Continental Uniform, Captain H. 6. 

Knights of St John. Captain Edwitfd Olmsted. 

Fourth Division. 

Cavalry, Captain George Bennett, commanding. 

Drum Corps. ^ 

Andent Order of Hibernians, John Haggerty corny 

Fifth Division. 

Acrioultural Society of Union County, Dennis C. Crane 


Sixth Division. 

Firemen, Chief Engineer WllUam J. Mahoney. 

AssisUnt Chief Engineers liouis C. Nau, George Rablg 

and ten companies. 

Seventh Division. 

Colored Citizens, Major Joslah Kichardson comnianding. 

Cavalry, Count lieo Ch. De Balesky commanding. 

These were drawn up on the sides of i&e streets 
on the line of march, and the first two divisions, 
with the President and escort in carriages, passed 
between the two lines, and aU of tftie organizations 
then fell In line in the order named and marched to 

Elizabethport. All along the route of,the narade the 
President was greeted with continued oheeiing. From 
the time that he got into his carriage at the Gover- 
nor's house until he got out of it again at Ellz*. 
bethport, there were but few periods of a minute's 
duratton wftien he was not* raising his hat and Dowing 
to t^e multitudes. He was particularly cordial In his 
salutations to the Grand Army men, especially when 
several companies passed at the review bearing 
stained and dilapidated battle flags. 

There were three triumphal arches to be passed 
through on the way to Elizabethport The first one, 
at Broad and East Jersey sts. was made of evergreens, 
tsBtefully decorated with flags and bunting. The sec- 
ond and most interesting arch was at Elizabeth and 
the Cross-Roads. On It were stationed forty-nine 
pretty girls, dressed in costumes representing fbrty- 
two States and seven Territories. As the President 
rode under it, he was showered with flowers thrown by 
the girls on the arch. The last arch was at First and 
Fulton sts., in Elizabethport The decorations of the 
houses along the route of the parade were elaborate 
and handsome. Several old houses on the way have at 
dlfTerent times been made famous by the visits of noted 
persons, among them being one where Washington and 
Lafayette had both stopped at different times, and the 
decorations on these houses were particularly hand- 
some. Many stands were also erected along the route. 
At about the time that the procession got well under 
way the sun came out, and lent an additional bright- 
ness to the scene, made more welcome by contrast 
with the number of gloomy days which had preceded 


After the President had departed from the Gov- 
ernor's house the other members of his party returned 
to the special train, which was standing on a siding, 
•Dd the train proceeded to Elizabethport, arriving 
there at about the same time that the President did. 
2Sltf wank at etmbafUng from the ^oat of Alcyon 
Ifoat-house was then begun. The President and Vice- 

Presklent were first taken on board of the Despateh» 
and the yards were manned by the sailors. The mem- 
bers of the Cabinet were then taken on board, and the 
other members of the President's party went on boanl 
of the SIrlus. The New- Jersey officials and guest» 
were taken on board of the Meteor, and amid the Boom- 
ing of guns, the screeching of steam whistles, the wav- 
ing of flags, and the cheering of the multitudes on th» 
boats and on the shore the vessels steamed toward the 








Wall-st. prepared itself an at early hour for the 

greetinfi: to the President and his partly. It put the 

finishing touches to its decorations : it massed an 

enormous crowd from Trinity Church down to 

the East River ferry, and it gathered a Rood^ 

numher of spectators who never knew anything 

about stocks, except stocks of lemonade and sand- 

v/iches for the thirsty and hungry, in the vast 

multitude of siffhtseers. It hadn*t been able to 

close all its business, for the banks were cf-m- 

pelled to be open, and there were ti otes and drafts 

to be met and provided for in the absence of the 

usual attendance of bankers and brokers. But 

the financial business community worked in unison 

to reduce every matter of this sort to a minimum, 

and the utmost liberality consistent with safety 

was exercised by the institutions which form the 
Clearing House. Ample warning:, too, had been 

fiven for the arrangement ot obligationb faUing 
ue yesterday, and they were carried out with a 
minimum of Miction. 

While the banks were kept open during the legal 
hours, their officers were more anxious about toe 
attire of their buildings and, where they fronted 
the line of march, about pro^ndlng accommodations 
for friends who wanted to fee President Harrison 
than about the details of the banking operations 
necessitated by their open doors and counterg. 
There was one blaze of red. white and blue, the 
colors united in an interminable variety of de- 
signs, brightening each side of Wall-st.. from one 
end to the other, with flashes from the side streets, 
which proved that the patriotic spirit did not 
wait upon the accident of position. Along the 
river ^ont the profusion of flags, banners and 
bunting made a broad bar of color to face the 
admiration of the Presidential party when they 
landed at the river pier. The shields which 
blazoned the platform of the Sub-Treasury were 
rivalled by decorations opposite exhibiting the 
coats-of-arms of the original States of the Union, 
while the numerous representations of Washing- 
ton lent variety to the general display, even if 
they failed to reflect historically accurate pictures 
of ^e first President of the Nation. 

Not a building failed to present a ftont adorned 
with the National emblems and colors, and the 
early stroUer-by had to decide only a question of 
which facade bore the most gorgeous tints or the 
most graceful draperies. Mighty folds of giant 
flags and great stretches of tri-colored bunting 
veiled the Custom House in a brilliancy that 
seemed to be wedded with a dignl^ appropriate 
to the glromy grandeur of the building, ta ar- 
rangement they were the simplest of the ado^i- 
ments with which Wall-st. was apparelled, but 
they won the full meed of admiration, e^en if 



the eye turned with (cnitddontioci to the more 
TBricd decorations tliat beautilied the stately builO- 
ings that reared their trautti near by. 

Even tlia splendid attcacljons of tho marine 
parade had not drawn all tlie eighiaccrs to boat, 
or Battery, oi house-top. BeCorc 10 o'clock ia 
the morning WaU-Bt. and every stieet leading to it 
Vrece filled with movins throngs, and as the hour 
of noon approftohed e\'ery roof-top and window 
down to the ISast River was loaded with piles of 
humanity. Ab doou approached the drift of the 
throng was toward the foot of Wall-st., hut their 
places were not left vacant an instant by the 
men, women and oiiildron who pressed upon them 
trom the rear. 

Down on the covered East Eiver pier, at the 
loot of WnD-st., committeemen and polioe officials 
Jn chaige of the arrangements were early on hand. 

Members of the Centennial Oomraittee, people 
Vrbo were to take part in the Presidential eaooi't, 
police oQioerB in Epiok-and-span new unitorius, 
and reporters soon made a_ eousidetable crowd. 
The river front on the Brobldyn side sent over 
Qaahes of color when the sun shot out lis rays 
from the hulf-haze which at times dimmed Uie 
alcy, but a strange appearance of lonclinesB weis 
worn by the docks and piers, deserted by the craft 
that usually attend tiem. And while the people: 
on tht pier were waiting for the signal of Presi- 
dent Uarrison'B arrival, ocoasiooal notes from the 
bugle or trumpet were wafted in from the street, 
frheie dozens of bluecoate were keeping outside 
of the police lines thousands of spectators, and 
where the regular troops and the vetcnuns of the 
militia and the Grand Army of the Republic were 
torming in files that lined both sides of Wall-st., 
reading to wheel into position for the escortinjj of 
tie Ccnteoulal guesta to the Equitable Building. 
Oooasional cheers rent the air, as If the waiting 
multitude souglit for some variety to its long 
teat of patience. 

At about half-past 12 o'oloolt the river scene 
Changed and life and color were spread over tJie 
water. The pohce patrol boat swooped doi-Ti upon 
Pier 16 and Inspector Byrnes, District- Attorney 
Fellows and a number of others nimbly leaped 
upon " dry land." Then the rush of saucy look- 
ing tugs and big steamboais, that were brilliant 

guests at the early afternoon reception, who had 
met the President at Eliznbethport, were hastily 
hurried off their vessels, which then pushed on to 
the northward. By the timo the last boat tiad 
been relieved of the special guests tie apaoious 
pier found that its roominess had been well taxed. 
Governors of States, commissions representing 
various legislative bodies and menihers of com- 
Inereial organizations were jumbled together for 
h time until order was restored by the directing 

fii seemed like a marvel for the st«aDi barge 
from the Despatch, which carried the President 
and his Immediate party, to pick Its way through 
the maze of vessels that now thickened the sur- 
face of the river like a jam of trucks in Broadnay, 
but it dashed up to the handsomely decorated Boat 
on the north side of the long pier with an air of 
confidence, and landed the Governor of New-York 
and the Mayor of the city, amid the shouts ot 
thousands in the streets, many of whom could not 
see who they were cheering. Lusty cheers saluted 
the gallant old seadogs of the Marine Society 
when they embarked to bring the' President from 
the Despatch, and cheering was in order as each 
boat-load of gnestB was brought in by the steam 
barge. But the biggest din was heard when, 
about 1 o'clook. after nil the quests lind been 
landed, the President and the Vice-President were 
lowed into ttie slip and brought to the float, where 
already Governor Hill, Mayor Grant, members ot 

the President's Cabinet and the Chief Justicrs were 
gathered. Whistles that had seemed to ha\'e es- 
hituBted IhemeelveB outwhistled all previous efforta 
by a fresh exertion, and the thousands of people on 
shore cheered with a vigor which showed no flag- 
ging of vociferous patriotism. 


While the head of the marine proocssion was 
Btill oft Governor's Island the police boot Patrol 
made a spurt ahead to clear the way to the landing 
pier. Her services were needed badly, for hun- 
dreds ol small boats and tugs had put out from the 
wharves almost in the track of the oncoming fleet, 
so anxious were the people on board to secure 

elacea from which a view could be had of the land- 
ig from the Despatch. The Patrol scattered the 
small boats, and then ran up to the pier-head to 
land Chief Inspector Bytnes and DiBtriot-Attorney 
PellowB. She then started ahead to clear the en- 
trance to the slip between Piers No. 16 and 17, 
but this she was unable to accomplish. Soores of 
tugs had come down the East Hiver at the ap- 
proach oC the fleet, meeting soores of others that 
had spurted ahead of it. The two squndtuns met 
at the entrance to the slip in a squirming, hissing, 
tooting Diuddle, forming a barrier thtit nothins 
Rfloat could have paeaed. It required a great deal of 
Boreeching from whistles and the expenditure of a 
vast amount of lung power before a slight openijig 
between the slip and the river was obtained. 

The iron steamer Perseus, chartered by " The 
Marine Journal," threaded its way among the tor- 
menting little boats oluatered about the end of 
the pier, and came near enough to the wharf to 
enable Captain Norton, one of the President's 
barge crew, to leap ashore. It had been arranged 
that the barge and the ocew should be carried on 
the Perseus to the anchorage of the Despatch. 
The barge was to he lowerpfl from the PerBeils, 
rowed by its venerable orow to the Deapatoh. where 
the Resident was to be taken on board and rowed 
ashore. At the last moment the Naval Committee 
ohanged this programme, the bnrge being taken on 
the Despatch and the crew told to meet at Pier 1 6. 
Following the Perseus, which had the orna- 
mental woodwork around the base of her bow 
flagstaff carried away by being caught under the 
edge of the port paddle-box ot the Patrol, came 
the Sirius. As she neared the pier the peipie 
on board rushed to the port side, ^ving her a 
dangerous list and putting part of the port.rail 
under water. It was with great difliculty that 
the people could be distributed so that the boat 
would ride squarely. She was finally made fast 
to the end of the pier, and her gant-plank seat 
out. A rush was made for the shore, but In- 
spector Williams stood in iJie way and would 
allow none but invited Kutsts to land. Several 
of the guests had their wives with them, but they 
were compelled to leave them on board, arranging 
to meet tiiem after the ceremonies of landing 
nnd the reception were over. Tliis, no doubt, 
caused muoh inconvenience and ill-feeling, but It 
prevented the pier from becoming dangerously 
ovtr.orowded. It was half-past 12 ivLen the 
Sirius had discharged her company, oonsistine of 
commissioners from the Stote& Goyecnors and 
Federal officials. 

The Etastus Wiman and the City of Hudson 
came next to the pier in turn, discharged their 
complement ot guests, and slowly ploughed u 
passageway through the Hotilla oC tugs into the 

It was 12:15 when the Despatch cnme to anchor 
olT the Wall Street Ferry slip. At that f me the 
river was QUed with steam vessels from shore 
to shore. The tide was running out Bwiltlr._ana 
the vefcsela in the stream w 



together, grinding each other's sides, and making 
oatastarophe imminent a hundred times. Immedi- 
ately after the Despatch was anchored, a passage 
to tne slip was maae between the struggling tug- 
boats. The Pespatch then put out a steam launsh, 
into which stepped Elbridge T. Gerry, represent- 
ing the Executive Ck>mmittee, Gro/emor Hill, 
Mayor Grant and James H. Vamum» of the Com. 
mittee on Plan and Scope. The launch speeded to 
her landinpr float at Pier 1 6, where her passengers 
were received by Secretary Bowen, W. H. T. 
Hughes and William G. Hamilton. 

The launch, which was in command of Ldeuten- 
ant Eldridge. returned to the Despatch with the 
crew of the President's barge, and on its next trip 
brought ashore Chief Justice Fuller, Justices 
Blatchford and Field, ex-Justice Strong, and Sec- 
retaries Noble and Busk. A barge from Secretary 
Tzaoy's flagship then brought to the landing float 
Secretaries Tracy, Windom. Wanamaker and 
JPfeoclior, Attorney-General Miller and Walker 
Blaine. ISx. Blaine stated that his father was 
suffering from an attack of lumbago, and was un- 
able to come with the Presidential party. 


While these officials were being landed, the 
President was introduced to the crew of venerable 
oarsmen who were to row him ashore. After the 
Secretary of the Navy had reached the shore the 
President's barge was lowered from the Brooklyn 
side of the Despatch, and her white-bearded; 
white-haired crew took their places in the boat. 
President Harrison and Vice-President Morton 
took their places in the stem sheets, accompanied 
by Asa Bird Gardiner, chairman of the Navy Com- 
mittee^ Captain Henry Erben, of the Navy, in 
citizen's attire, Frederick R. Coudert and Jack- 
son S. Schultz. The barge was cast off, and 
the venerable but sturdy crew puBed her against 
the tide above and around the bows of the ship. 

As the barge cleared for the shore, the Despatch 
began firing a Presidential salute. At the second 
gun the crew of the barge responded by " tossnng 
oars" in true naval style. Letting fall again, they 
started for the shore with a long, steady and 
uniform stroke. As they sat in the boat, they 
showed that they were as skilful with the oars 
as were their ancestors who rowed President Wash- 
ington ashore a century ago. The crew were 
stationed as follows: Captain Ambrose Snow, 
coxswain; Starboard— Norton, 1, Spencer, 2, Fair- 
child, 3, Luce, 4, Marsh, 5, Elhs. 6; Port— 
Urquhart, 1, Dearborn, 2, Parker, 8, Drew; 4, 
Whitman, 5, Trask, 6. 

The salute from the steam whistles of the fleet 
was kept up from the time the President left 
the Despatch until he had reached the landing 
float. Then the crowds on the piers, streets and 
houses set up a cheering that was carried and 
re-echoed from housetop to housetop^ and from 
pier to pier all along the river front. The men 
who had already landed were waiting on the 
float to receive the President. Hamilton Fish, 
president of the Centennial General Committee, 
had Joined the group. As the barge neared the 
floaty oars were shipped, and Captain Norton, 
boat-hook in hand, stood up in the bow to make 
h«r fast. The landing ,was excellently made, 
the President being assisted ashore by Major 
Ofardiner. Then the company on the float formed 

a circle around the Presidential party, and Major 
Gardiner formally introduced the President to 
Mr. Fish. 


Mr. Fish then, as president of the committee, 
gave the President a formal welcome, speaking as 
follows : 

Mr. President : In the name of the Gentennial Com- 
mittee, representing the enthusiasm, the gratitude and 
the pnde of the Nation on this centennial anniversai-y, 
1 tender to you the welcome of New-Yorh, on the very 
spot where. 100 years ago, your great predecessor, our 
fifst President, planted his foot, when he came to 
assume the duties of the groat ofSce which has now 
devolved upon you, and to set In operation the maehln- 
ery of the glorious Constltuiion under which the Gov. 
ernment has prospered and enlarged and extended 
across the continent. Insuring peace, security and hap- 
piness to more than 60,000,000 of people, and not a 
single slave. We welcome you to celebrate the con- 
tennial anniversary of the inauguration of that Con- 
stitution to whose preservation and defence you have 

Mr. President, I have the honor to present the 
Hon. David B. Hfll, Qovemor of the State of New- 
York; the Hon. Hugh J. Grant, Mayor of New- York; . 
Mr. Elbridge T. Gerry, chairman of the Centennial 
Committee; Mr. William G. Hamilton, chairman on 
States, and Mr. duenoe F. Bowen, secretary. 

The President replied brieBy to the address, ex- 
pressing his appreciation of the cordiality of his 
reception. Governor Hill and Mayor Grant each 
simply bade the President welcome, and the Presi- 
dent thanked them heartily. One of the employes 
of the Ward Ldne brought three bottles of cham- 
pagne and a number of glasses upon the floaty but 
before the bottles were uncorked it struck some 
one in the company that the eyes of fifty thousand 
people, probably, were fixed on the group, and the 
employe and his bottles were hurried back to the 

The Presidential party then ascended to the 
pier nnd entered tbe carriages. It was just 1 :13 
when the President reached the pier. As he seated 
himself some one called for three cheers for Presi- 
dent Harrison, and they were given with a ve- 
hemence that did credit to the patriotism of the 


A procession was then quickly formed for the 
escort of the President and the invited guests to 
the JjiQuitable Building. At 1 :40 it began to move 
in the following order: 

Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Floyd Clarksou; Marshal. 

Band 6th Regiment, United States AriiUory. 

Three foot batteries, 5th Begiraent, United States 

New.York Commandery of the Loyal Lefflon of the 
United States. 

Commanders of Post^ of the Grand Army of the Be- 
publio in counties of New-York and Kings. 

Cappa*s Band. 

Uniformed Battalion of Veterans, 7th Regiment, 
N. G. S. N. Y. 

Uniformed Veteran Militia Assooiations of New- 
York and Brooklyn. 

Band of the General Service, U. S. Army. 

Society of tSie Sons of the Revolution. 

Fiist carriage— The Plan and Scope Committee (hav- 
ing the general supervision of the celebration), vis. *. 
Messrs. James M. Vamum, Cornelius N. Bliss, Fred- 
erick S. Tallmadge and Samuel D. Baboock. 

Second— The Governor of the State of New-York, on 
the back seat, with the President of tbe United k>tates 
on his right hand. On the front seat, the Mayor of the 
city of New- York and the president of the Coitennlal 

Third— The Vice-President of the United States, tho 
Lieutenant-Governor of the State of New.York, tbo 



rhalrman of the Executive Committee, and the Chief 
Justice of the United States. 

Fourth— The Secrelary of the Treasury and Walter 
Blaine on back seat, the Seci-etarles of War and Navy 
on front seat. 

Fifth— The Secretary of the Interior, the Postmaster- 
General, the Attorney -Generaa and the Secretary of 

Slsth'— The Associate Justices of the Supreme Court 
of the United States. 

Seventh— The General of the Army, retired (General 
Bherman'., the Admiral of the Navy, the Major-General 
commanding the Army, and Senator Evarts. 

Eighth— Ez.President Hayes and Senators Hiscock 
and Evarts. 

In carriages and on foot the rest of the pro- 
cession was as follows: 

The General Committee of the Centennial Celebra- 

The Governors of States, taklnig precedence in the 
order of admission of their States Into the Union. 

The ofQcial representation of the Senate of the United 

The* oflScial representation of the House of Repre- 
sentatives of the United States. 

The Governors of Territories and President of the 
Board of Commissioners of the District of Columbia. 

OflBcers of the Army and Navy who by name have 
received the thanks of Congress. 

The ofQolal representation of the Society of the Cin- 

The Chief Judge and Judges of the Court of Appeals 
of the State of New- York. 

The Presiding Justice and Justices of the Supreme 
Ceurt of the State of New- York and Judges of other 
Courts of Record within the city Of New-York. 

The Legislature of the State of New. York. 

Th/B State officers of the State of New-York, Judges 
and Justices of other Courts in the city of New-York. 

The Board of Aldermen of the city of New- York. 

Heads of Departments In the city of New- York. 

Mayor of the city of Brooklyn. 

The Board of Aldermen of the c^ty of Brooklyn. 

The Foreign Consuls at New- York and officers of the 
Army and Navy of the United States. 

Invited guests without special order of precedence. 


It was one mighty cheer that rolled along with 
the President's carriage as it proceeded, with 
its escort of troops and civilia*is, all the way 
from the foot of Wall-st. up to Broadway and 
thence to the Equitable Building. Tne hand- 
some files of regulars and 7th Regiment veterans, 
the Loyal Legion and Grand Army commanders, 
and the distinguished occupants of the few car- 
riages that followed that of the President, were 
received with cordial greetings, but it was to 
the Executive chosen at the beginning of the 
Nation's second century of constitmtionai govern, 
ment that the plaudits of the people were given 
in the greatest volume. 

The crowd almost became unmanageable, for 
the end of the procession, by the time it had 
reached the statue of Wasbin^^ton was one minified 
and almost indistinguishable mass of civilian 
delegates, policemen and eager sightseers, who 
were impatient to follow the Presidential party 
to the Equitable Building. 

Strong cordons of police, drawn at a distance 
of a block on either side of the Equitable Build- 
ing, checked the fierce onrush of the people, and 
Bftfe within the lines the National guests were 
decorously taken within that mighty structure, 
which BO prominently testifies to tiie wonderful 
ehanges in a hundred years around old Federal 
HaB, and there the President received the hundreds 
who had been privileged to meet him fiist. 





Hours before the President could possibly have 
reached the Equitable Building, that large and 
massive structure was a centre of attraction to 
hundreds of people. The greater part of the build- 
ing was open to the public, and many of the vis- 
itors, in wandering about the seemingly endless 
corridors, would have lost their way completely 
had it not been for the numerous signs indicating 
in which direction the exits could be reached. 

There was a large force of policemen in the main 
corridor on the ground floor, and many more were 
grouped around the entrance, through which the 
fresh breeze blew with considerable force. The 
services of the police were not needed until it was 
necessary to banish the crowds in order to make 
way for the President and the distinguished men 
who accompanied him. Meanwhile men in rusty 
garments mingled with the well-dressed lawyers 
and business men who were constantly passing to 
and fro. There were not a few women, also, in 
the moving throngs, and the new-comers to the 
city among them could easily be picked out by 
the open-eyed wonder with which they gazed on 
the extensive corridors, the graceful pillars, the 
rapidly moving elevators and the glittering elec- 
tric lights. 

The hour fixed for the reception given by the 
Committee on States to the President, the mem- 
bers of the Cabinet and other representative men 
was 2 o'clock. For once an affair of this kind 
was begun on time. It was about twenty minutes 
of 2 when the great hall was cleared by the police, 
and at 1 :45 the batteries of the 5th Regiment, 
United States Army, marched in, under command 
of Colonel Church and Colonel Walton, and took 
up their positions. They were followed by the 
New-York Commandery of the Loyal Legion and 
the delegations from Grand Army posts. 


The Presidential party arrived a few moments 
later. They were relieved of their hats and over- 
coats as they entered the building, and as they 
passed between the files of soldiers the latter pre- 
sented arms as a salute. The members of the Plan 
and Scope Committee, James M. Varnum, Cor- 
nelius N, Bliss, Frederick S. Tallmadge and Samuel 
D. Babcock, entered first, followed by President 
Harrison and Governor Hill, Mayor Grant ar^ 
Hamilton Fish, chairman of the General Comm 
tee on the Celebration; V\<i.^'B^^\^«ax^^^^\ssvi. 



life u tenant-Governor Jones, Eabridge T. Gerry aad 
Chiof Justice Fuller, the membcra of the Cabinett 
tiio JuBticoH of tlie Supreme Court, Seoatora nod 
Jiepcespn tali VPS, the Governors of Stntps, Admiral 
Forter, General Shermnn, ex -President HHycs, Gen- 
eral SoboSt'ld, Walker Blaine and otliec invited 

After ndvaneing a oooaidemble diswnce ttlong 
the corridor the party oame to a halt. Meanwhib 
tbo Burpliced choir of Trinity Church had taken 
Up their places on the first stnitway, the macblo 
Steps at which had been draped with red stuff, and 
they greeted the President and those who acoom- 
pnnied him by singing the hymn beginning, " Be- 
lore the Lord We Bow." This was followed by the 
Dosology, to the accompaniment at the military 
band. The voices raug out clear and resonnnt, 
Bnd the effect was greatly admired. So immense 
Is the Equitable Building, however, Ihnt in parla 
of the second story above not a sound of the sing- 
InK was audible. 

I'resident Harrison and the members o( his 
party were then escorted to the rooms of the 
lawyers' Club, on the fifth Boor. There William 
ti-. Hamilton, ohairman of the Committee on Stntes, 
presented him to the President of the club, Will- 
lam Allen Butler: the secretary, Samuel Borrowe, 
and the members of the Board of Governors. 
This ceremony over, Mr. Butler conducted Gen- 
tral Harri-'ion to the reception-room ; Vice-Presi- 
dent Morton being escorted by Samuel Borrowe, 
and Governor Hill by Hallett Alsop Borrowe, 
Special aide to the Committee on States. A 
i^ised platform was provided, on which Presi- 
dent Harrison took his place. On his right stood 
Uamilton Fish and Mr. Morton ; on his left Gov- 
ernor liill and JIayor Grant. The members of 
the Cabinet, Senators, Governors, etc., soatlered 
In groups on each side of tJie dais. Secretaries 
WinUom, 'I'rucy^Proetor, Noble and Rusk, Post- 
Enastec-Gcnenil Wanamiilcer and Attorney-General 
Miller chatted among themselvep, and with ex- 
President Hnyes, Senator Bviirts, Senator His^oook, 
Walker Btnine and others on one side, while on 
the others the Governors made themselves at 

The Governors present were, in th? ordtr of 
the admission of their respective Stntes intfl the 
Union, as follows: 


SanCh Ckrolinv 

North enrol I n», 
Rbnile latiod. 


Cbailes H. Baniwr, 

CHvia R. Pm litis. 



n M- 1 

On1o^lfl^' Job A. Ooonw, 

Vf^ihliiHton, MI1<P8 C. Moore. 

The members of the Floor Committee were then 
Introduced to the President, and ho was informed 
that Oiese gvnt)eaea would present to him the 

guests who had been invited to meet him. The 
Floor Committee was made up as follows : 

Lewis Ltvlnsaton nfllaacld. W. PItmii Hsmllton. 

Everl JoiiSBii WBudell. Jubn Wbiib CoFeTsier Toler. 

Bnudlnoc KBIth, Cbu-lsa K, Beehmaa, 

Boudinol Allorburr. SMiiey D. Rlnley, 

JlunSB W. Uuuted, Jr.. Archltwld Gntsle. 

Duflr Br«ck. Churlss A. Vftn SeasieUer, 

D Khmelsnd 


k #^.1?.!'- 

d MojrK 

Ph II Id 'MeTwf-JthVn e 

Boehmau KIb BQtTowe7 ' Bouainot~C 

LIvinBston EJoerv. Robert R,. I 


After this tlie doors of the club were tlirown 
open to the invitfd guests, who had assembled Id 
the offices of the Equitable Life Assurance Society 
below. They were conducted in as rapidly as pos- 
sible by members of the Floor Committee, and. 
after being presented to the President, passed on 
into the library. General Harrison merely bowed 
as each group of two or three was brought up to 
him. Following the custom in Washington's timej 
there was no handshaking. This not only faoili' 
tated the rapid passage of the guests, but saved the 
President from much latigue. He stood in an easy 
and graceful position. His Prince Albert coat was 
closely buttoned : a part of the time his risht hand 
was thrust in between the buttons. He bow'id 
gracefully and a peasant smile illumined his face. 
He evidently felt entirely at his ease, and his ap- 
pearance and manner called out many favorable 
comments. Though under the average height, this 
was not noticed, because he was raised several 
inchcis above the Qoor of the room, unless, indeed- 
one thought M compare him \rith Mr. Fish and 
Governor Hill on his right and left hand. 

Those who passed before the President included 
actors, Army oQioers, authors, architects, artists, 
auctioneers, adjusters, advurtieing agents, bank 
presidents, hook publishers, brewers, butchers, 
hauliers, representatives of tiie Chamber of Com- 
merce and the Cotton and CoSee Exchanges, cleigy- 
men, ci^'i] engineers, choirmakers, chemists, chuia 
and eactiienware dealers, clothiers, carriage manu- 
facturers, members o£ the cigiir and tobacco trade,' 
foreign consuls, descendants of distinguished 
French officers of the Revolution, members of the 
drug and chemionl trade, drjgoods merchants, ex- 
pressmen, dealers in flour, furniture and fish, 
freight agents, grocers, glass importers, members of 
the General Society of Mechanics and Tradeirs, 
engineers, hatters and furriers, harnessmakersj 
denlers in housefumlshing goods, members of tha 
iron trade, insurance brokers, lawyers, lumber deal- 
ers, life insurance men. liquor-dealers, lead pencil 
manufactuters. mechanical ensiueers. marine In- 
surance mpu, dealers in metal. Naval officers, mem- 
bers of the Jlaritime Esohnngo and the Prod- 
uce Eschange, physicians and surgtons, printers, 
facturers, printing press manu facturers, 

road men, real estate men, members of the S 
Exchange, sugar refiners, steamship a^nts, aail- 
makers, silk manufnetiirers, ship chandlers, shoe 
mantifaeturers and dealers, officers of trust compa- 
nies and telegraph comiianies. and membets of the 
German Society, the Holiand Society and the South- 
ern Society. 




AmoDK the 2,000 wbo vere iirraented to Gen- 
eral HarriSDU la the Bucoeedins balf-hoat were ob- 
eerved the following: Eclwatila Pieireponti, ex- 
Judge Peabody, e2 -Secretary Bajucd. General 
GeoFBe W. Cullom, John F. Plummei. General 
Joseph C. Jackson, Eugene Kelly, BraytOD Ivee, 
E. EUery Anderson, the Rev. W. B. Derrick, ex- 
Commodore James D. Smith. General Wjlliam G. 
Ward. D. F. Appleton, Prolessor D. G. Eaton of 
Yale Colleite; Hamilton Fish, jr., Afia Bird Gar- 
diner, Colonel Silas W. Burt. Cyrus W. Field. 
Theodore Qoosevelt. William Allen BuUer, ex- 
Mayor Seth Low. of Brooklyn; Charles Emory 
Smith. Nicholas Fish. Samuel Crocker Cobb. oC 
Boston : William Wayne, ot Pennsylvania : Clifford 
Stanley Sims, of New-Jersey; Egbert L. Viele. the 
Rev. Chacles Cotesworth Pinokaey, ot South Caro- 
lina; Bishop William Stevens Perry, of Iowa; 
the Rev. Br. Thomas Armitase, W. B. Webb, 
praajdent of tie Conimissi oners of Columbia ; 
Colonel Finley Anderson, Colonel Oswald Tilgh- 
man, the Hev. WilliHm Wallace Green, of Mary- 
land; William McPherson Homer. J. Edward Sim- 
mons, General Abner Doubleday, Colonel W, C. 
Chucoli, Br. Geocite W. Urush, the Rev. Dr. Henry 
a Chapin, Henry G. Marauand. General Schuyler 
Hamilton. General Fiti John Porter and Arthur 
D. EatoD. 

The president only departed once or twice 
from the rule that there should be nu hand- 
shaking. Ooe occasion was when ex-Seoret'iry 
Bayara approached; he was greeted with a hearty 
grasp of tno hand. 


At 3:40 o'Blook President Harrison was con- 
ducted to the banquet-hall of the Equitable Build, 
ing, where an ekbor:ite table was spread for 
sixty guests. The decorations were uncommonly 
flue. The room is finished in .lutique onlc, witk 
hangings that harmonize uith tlie rich colors 
at the oak. The curtains were lowered and the 
room was lighted artificially. The tible was oval 
in shape, and was almost a mass of roses. Ten 
thousand roses of all varieties were ttsed in decorat- 
ing it. In the centre, in a ocd of rich roses, stooil 
a Iirae century palm, from the numerous branches 
of wMch were suspended many rare and beautiful 
orchids. All of the orchids were imported for 
the occasion. Hanging also ftom the branches of 
the palm were a number of eleclrio lights; many 
of these were also scattered among thi: roses around 
the table. The globes were covered with pink 
silk, which not only softened the light for thu 
eyes of the guests, but harmonized admirably 
with the colors of the masses of roses. The ef- 
ieot, as a whole, was pronounced superb, iind J. 
EJ Thorley, who Buperintended the work of 
decorating ^e baoquet-hall, was warmly praised 
tor the success of his undertaking. 

It was noticeable bete and in the rooms of the 
Lawyers' Club tbat Hags and bunting wcie not 
used for decorative purposes. 

Hamilton Fish presided at the t-iblo. On his 
right sat President Harrison and on his left Gov- 
ernor Hill. At the opposite end of the table sat 
William G. Hamilton, with Elbridge T. Gerry on 
his ri^t hand. The other guests iucludtd Secre- 
tary Wlndom, Secretary Tracy, Secretary Proctor, 
Secretsiiy Noble, Postmaster-General Wanamaker, 
Attorney-General. Mi Her, Secretary Rusk, Walker 
Bbine^ ex-President Hayes, General W. T. Sher. 
man, G^eral ^hoQeld, Admiral Porter, Senator 
Evarts, Senator Hiscock, Cliauncey M. Depew, 
ibe Eev. Dr. Morgan Dix F. S. Talknadge, James 
M. Vamotn, John Alsop King, Orlando B. Potter. 
3obu I>. CrimminG, Samuel Borrowes Captain 
Ibben, J. T. Van Rensselaer, John Schuyler, 

General James W. Husted, Henry W. l«Ror. 
Jacob A. Cantor, iloyd Clatksjn, K Ellew 
Anderson, Theodore Roosevelt, John B. Pine^ 
James M, Montgomery, Joseph C. Jackson, Hcu^ 
G. Macquand, \Viiliain Allen Butler, A. B. Gar* 
diner, Stuyvesant Fish, Bi^Oon Ives, William H. 
Clarke, John M. Bowers, John T. Agnew, Clarenoa 
W. Bowen, S. D. Babcook, C. N. Bliss and Judg* 
R. B. Martins. 


The menu was a very elaborate alfair. It con. 
sisted of six heavy rectangular sheets or Bristol 
board, elaborately engraved, tied togetJiei with 
bhie and yellow ribbocs. On tbe first page ap- 
peared a wreath of laurel leaves, having a portr»it 
ol Washington at the top and the shieiOs ot all thft 
States and Territories placed upon it. Within th« 
oval space inclosed by che wreath appeared this 

InauguraUon ot Ueoigo Washingion t 
Ciia Unltcil blaws, April 30th, 17B9, reiiuaBi ine uonur 
ol your company at a UeeepClon at Ihe Lawjei-s' Club. 
Equitable Jlulllimg, KCh-iorfi, at a p. m JIondM. 
April 2ULh, lettU. To (name ol euuai). 

In the lower corners appeared the names of ths 
officers of the General Committee and ol the Uom- 
uiictee on States. 

On the second page ot the menu was an en. 

graving represent mg Washingtoo being rowed 

ashore from New-Jersey to tiie landing at the foot 

ol Wall-Bt., on April aa, 17H«, and the ode sung 

on Ills arrival; and also tlie members ot the City 

Council of New-York, a hundred years ago. Tha 

I Mayor was James Duane, the Recorder iiiohard 

Varlck. There were Aldermen and Asj-istanta in 

those palmy days, and they represented the South 

Ward, Dock ^Vard, East Ward, West Ward, North 

Ward, Momgomerie Ward and Out Ward, Thera 

I were two Van ZandiH and a Van Gieider among 

them, but there were no Uivvers, Flvnns or Sheas. 

Here is a sample ot the ode of a centMrj ago; 

natJ, thou ausijiolous day I 

Thy praise resound: 

Joy to our native land ; 
I Let ev'ry heart espaiid, 

I lor Washlneton's ac hand, 

1 With e'ory oiown'dl r 

Th maiclilBsa Uero's nigh 
Applaud Uhn to the sky. 
Who gave you liteilj-. 
With een'TOUs francB. 

Thrlco welcome to this shore. 
Our Leadoi' now no niore. 
But Kuter thou ; 
Oh, ti'uly Rood and cital I 
I^Qg live lo glad opr siale. 

To d 

eounUess Hone 

The next page shows St. Paul's Chapel In 1789; 
with portraits of Bishop Provost and Chancellor 
Livingston. Below are the names of tiie Presi- 
dent, Vice-President, members of the Cabinet. Sena, 
tors and Representatives in 17«U. On the fourth 
page are seen two views of the Federal Hall in thaO 
year of grace— as seen when looking up Wail-st.— 
togetlier with the names of the present Governora 
of States and Territories, and the chairmen of the 
Commissioners to the present celebration. The 
Stales are arranged in the order in which they were 
admitted to the Union. Tlie next page contains 
portraits of President Harrison, Governor Clinton, 
Governor Hill, Mayor Duane and Mavor Grant, 
Full lists ot the committees on the Centenr>> 
celebration are given. On the last page Is 
menu proper, with engravings ot ''B'ftStjni.'e 


t L. cucluon. 

OFeme d'A«pergea. 

ConEOQune Boyalo. 

P«iiu Fols FrancBla. 

Calttntlne de CbapOQ. 

tau) de Olb[er. 

Poulet Eota a 

The. CtaocoUt. Cafe. 


Grace was said by the Kev. Di. Dix. UamJI- 
hm Fish formally presented the gueats to President 
Haccisoa and Vice-iteBident Morton. Then WilJ- 
iam. ti. Hamilton, In behalf of the Committee on 
States, presented to General Harrison a copy of 
tlie toenu as a souvenir, enclosed In a delicately 
wrought silver envelope, on which nua cugrHved 
the President's nama and oflioiBi title. In doing 
EO Mi, Hamilton aaid: 

Mr. President : As chaJnoftD of the Committee on. 
Btate», I have tha hnnor to proseut to you. !□ the n&me 
at the General Committee of tha Centennial Celabratloa 
of the InauEuratlon ol George Washlngtoii &9 flrat 
Prealdent ot the Uulled States, a Eouvenlr ol this aus- 

Eloioua occasion. We have gathered with ua the most 
Dnored rep rea entail vo citizens Irom the varied pur- 
sultd dI life, whfoh have made this tjatlon what It Is at 
the present moEaeut— religion, law, science, art and 
commerce— all striving to do honor to the nami of 
Vashlagton. So beloved [a he by all Americans that 
wa call him "Father"; so deified and aaoctlBed la our 
hearts that but ona other birthday Is aaored to us. 

Mr. President: That your Administration may ba 
so wisely oMered that you may be Known as the one 
equally honored by all Americans U the wish oC this 
united Nation, 

Qentletoen. yon will please Oil your Riasses and 
drink to Ihe memory of Oeoree WaahlDgton, the Father 
ot his Country I 

The toast was drunk standing. President Har- 
risen simply bowed his ijianks and then resumed 
his seat amid cheers. At bis particular request 
there was no further speech-making. 


McBUwhile, those of the guests of tha club 
who eould not be acoommodated In the banquet 
hall enjoyed refreshments in the rooms of the 
club, where the same menu was served. The 
Governors were escorted to the dining-ioora by 
members of the Floor Committee, and Kuted 
at fifteen tables with the committeempn. 'I'he 
arrangement was aa follows, the order of prece- 
dence of States being observed : 


|. Delttflolfl, 

GoTenuir Qteen. 
OenmoT Oordon, 
Oevemoi Bulkeley. 

6«veniai Jacksan, 
OiiT«nu>r BIcbardBOn 
OovemoT sawyer, 

Governor FowU, 
OovemoT Tatt, 
OovenoT Dlluoghain, 
Gov«nu>r Buekmer. 

e«v»nua Stir, 

Robert B. Stockton. 
Beekmon K. Boirove, 
Woodbury Kane. 
Peter <3oopbp Hewitt 
Evart J. WSDdeU. 
GranvlUe Wlntlirop. 
Duar Breck. 
W. K. Post. 
Boudlnot Eglth. 
JotaD R. Bo wen. 
£llsha Syei, Sd. 
Stockton Colt. 
Stephen Chase. 
W. Plerson Hamilton. 
t>ln:e« Frescott. 
Phi Up Rhinelaoder. 
Meredith Howland. 
Anhtbaid Uracle, 


President Harrison left the banquet hall at 
S :iJS with the chairmen of the committees, and In 
a few moments was escorted out uf the building 
to his carriage. A large number of people wit- 
nessed his departure ai^ cheered him lustily. 






While the President and bis party were within 
the Kguitable Building, the escort outside had 
ample time for luncheon, which wbb amply im- 
proved. The veterans of the 7th Regiment were 
halted in front of Cable's restaurant, where the 
men presented tickets with which they had been 
provided, entitling them to sacdwichcs, consomme 
aBd coffee. The regular troops and the other 
veteran organizatlona were well cared for, and 
the time passed rapidly. Meantime the crowds 
grew denser and denser in Broadway, along the 
route to the City Hall, and wiUi the profuse 
decorations on all the buildings, the men in uni- 
form belonging to the escort, as well as the soldiers 
of various visiting commands, mingling vrith the 
throngs on every side, the scene was animated and 
brilliant. There was more or less jostling, of 
course, but the orowda of men, women and chil- 
dren were In excellent humor, and there was no 
dlaorder. The police lined the route, but had com- 
paratively little to do. At the frontporch of the 
Ji^uitable Building stood Inspector Williabis and 
a few trusty men, who kept lis course clear to the 
President's carriage. 

Meantime portentous olouda were shitting ih 
tie sides, as if threatening a generous downpour; 
and for five minutes there was a light fall of rain, 
which caused the putting up of umbrellas by those 
who were so fortunate as to have them, while 
those who were not thus provided stood their 
ground bravely. There were many women and 
children in the great oonoourse of people, but all 
seemed bent upon seeing the President pass by, 
and gave evidence of no thought of retiring for a 
triQe. Presently the sun ^one fortli again, the 
rain ceased, umbrellas were closed, and as fhe 
time approached at which the march was to be 
resumed, the people prrased closer together, and 
cleared their throats for the shouting that was 
to follow. 


It was 3:40 p. m. when word was passed to tbe 
front of the Equitable Building that the President 
was coming, and immediately afterward a mighty 
cheer, accompanied with clapping ot hands and 
waving of handkerchiefs, greeted him and his 
party as tliey emerged from the building and 
entered their carriages. The various orgBnJia- 
tions composing the escort at once wheeled int» 
column, and in the same order as before the mar^ 
was resimied. 



The line of march from the Ii(iui1alilc liuildinK 
to the City Hall mi|j:lit liavc wcU boon calliMl 
Patriotic Lane. For it wns an inspiriiitf hIkUX, as 
the President rode alon^ tiirough donNc rowH of 
people whose almost continuous cheers iiiuhI. Imvf* 
touhced more tban one man bcsidi^i tlioHn for 
whom they were intended. It was a da/xliriK 

gicture, too, as the troo[)8, in fr^iy unirorniH, 
ags flying, preceded the Pr-sidrnMal f»artv, 
marching to the stirring strains of military \iniM% 
for block after block along the line of march Ihi* 
buildings were almost hidden with bunting. Tiif. 
sun cast a bright glow on the pictun: tin lUf 
President, with head bared, began bin triumphal 

ride. Long lines of policemen, keening thr; Hwav- ^. ."'^ '" V"' "''^'' V"''"'" "/'»;"""* '♦ ''. '" 
ing. pressing crowds on the sidewalks, lont U, tUf ^1'".'!?; *''*'^!'/" " 1, "''V. l"\ <;j";^/""""/"\ •;!'"" 

scene a touch of blue that mclterJ us tfie fturgint^ 
crowds burst their bonds when the c*irri;jg*^» of 
the President and his party drew near. 


On came the President, a plctur: of hftalnh, 
smiling, hat in hand, and bowing right and, 
to the cheering multitudes. Soldierly and *jr'yif., 
by his side sat Governor Hill, who yU-lflt-fl tuf-, 
palm of applause to the Pr*;.sid«:Rf. b/ ktv-i^.u^ 'nA 
hat on his head. Miiyor Grant I^o^ed ^m^y ;hr.rj 
hanilscme. Ci*dar-st. and thf; oth*:r *i'Jft A^rv-.N 
were black with humanity, and ;* o!o ♦'j of r.;^^ 
waved in the air. There wf:r«; t>.* o.'i r.';f *»7 
peopU in front of the Bo-<;el ii'-.'iifl:r.'4. a-r.r: v..» 
mAsS of humanity there v-.r.T, ';p -ri^)-.** nr.;**; tc-.?* 
K:-ira.ed by the miltiM^l* opr^A.iv-. ^r./^ jvy,-* 
rr-3&=d alon^ th-* lines oc. 00 th »:-i^ '■,? I'^c^tl «?</. 
So on* iGold tell Tchere •h.=: fi:.><'?.:.j ',^'/7t,c. \t.*^ *r 
any zicr** iihan he *!«:': Id see v:.e** •i-.e '*;.'• %■*"! 
bez»n- TLer^ wiire cries g* * H;i.*7;v.''." *.''.*.' 
rI<or;"» folio wed i'.y ^i 

^•■. .'•*>' ."^ 

-ffjine: Kiiiie: J'irath G :::.i.r.e:' 

pla^ise. coo. 

A3 thA 5CQces5ioTi rw^st .tiv. v..r C.'T '-''i . -'a/^ 
tL* zheass •v-^r* rer..;-x'e': -.7 i ,-. ;s~ ^ ■..t", .'. ..v: 
eve^ 47al1al-ji iz.i',i -i. iv-':! :.'. v.- v. .'.e-r. ..« .* 
rf the ptric T!ii*r* « •.■.--. ::^ :«•.•? ri '.'*. .'.ri.^^?:. *.-..• 
cr*triesi» st-itnir** it *lie 2i;ir-i.-. -r-iJ :•■.—.;.'•:. V\--. 
UHLf Iriea :f -vi-V.-r •:'■.**•■: hi'.r,.-r-7-< ir/**.-.-.ij.': 
&qQ. tile *nTraz'!e :. r.'.-. >-il. : : r-; -. .* -.« *ti: 
rep* TO ""liie d?s" li-ie ::* vx> ■ -..•i" •:-.>••..:••': r--.-i 
opca«i'T* "iift ^r^CM ;:' ";ie l.~7 ':'-« ■ *" .Vviii «•«.- 
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toMvor onBhrined Id evory American heart. It pleased 
DJvloe Providence, a huodred years ago. to produce, 
on Uie Eliorea of the N«w World, a body of men whom 
the Earl ol Ohalbam prooocnced the Eieatest and 
Doblmt the earth hod ever seen ; and ol tlioae Titnns 

.erf the ReVolutlOD, 1'- *^ "^ rilfcitBpa.irAmAnt r,f nYiT- tf, con 

that Washlngtiin wj 
lierhapa the ""' — " 

Israel. Curie IThl : No. 6, West End-ai 

con. j'ssephlne Guile;' Ni 
MuT. BesBla B. Uellst; I 

It 1) 

, because ii 
e love hitn. 

.t his J 

a nrst 

to our lips to-day. It Is a perpetaal ._,^ _ 

never-endlnE source Of pride and Joy, and an eternal 
Obllsatlon of gi'atltude and thanksgiving. 

Could he look down upon us to-day, mlKht we not 
humbly hope that he tcould bn pleased at our prozreas 
■sd proud of our position among the powers of the 
earth 1 Would he not rejoice over our smiling, happy, 

glenteous land and tts acllve, vlgoroui population. 
0,000,000 of freemen, obedient to law and lalthdU 
to the sacred charge left by their glorious anDMloFs, 
the wise and temperate use ot their libertlesl Above 
all, would he not he Qlled with Joyful wonder at 'Jie 
marvelloua moral and Intellectual growth ot the people. 
and teel that these blessings were a aufllolent recom- 
pense for all his auSerlnga *nd an ample reward for 
aU hu tolUI 

Cpon you, honored Blr^ lias been conferred the hlsh- 
Mt office which this Nation of Intelligent, eelfgoveTn- 
log freeman has In Its gUt; and It Is as Fresldent ot 
the United Btates that you have oome to help ub 
worthily to eommemorale this great Centennial, Upon 
Buoh worthy shoulders has the mantle ot America's 
Ont uid noblest sou tallon that we can I'epeat to you 
to-day the woids our Treoton sisters addressed to him 
• oenlur; ago : 

ne S. MshooCT. Ni 
d inn Is WellenliaaDi, 

Llm-M., Mary Htraneer. 
Edith Kelby, Ids <Aa- 
letb-sL. Agnes Jamsh 
ch-Bt, my H, Nelke. 

., _. ... ir-st., Norma Romann, 

No. 37, East Elghty-Mventh-BC., CaUier. 


ODmblur; No. 48, West Tnecty- eighth- it., Ida A. Walter. 
Sophie R. WilldOB; No. 4B, Emc Thlrty-SBvenlh-Bt., 
Lilian A. Jarvl^ Lulu M. Irwin : No. GO, Eut Twentleili. 

sve., EUiabetb A. Glbney, Roue T. Marion: No.' S3. East nth- at.. Mery Drew. Ganrude NHh, Annie 
Gaynnr; No. 64, Tcnth-ave.. Addle J. WhIWalda. LduIb* 
H. Burni; No. M. West Elghtecnth.Bt., Jennie M. Draw. 
Beeale H. WllllamB: No. GT, East OnF.bandred-aod- 
(Iflaanth-Bt.. Emily Walter. Rosa Leonaid; No, B^ East 

College-aTe., Augusta Welsman. Mnrr Love ; No. 01, Easi 

MncArthur; No. 62, Esst One-h'nodred-Bnd-flftr-elghth.Kt 
Grace Llddle, AuKUSta StninB»;_No, 03, East One.Eu_ni 

No. 64, WebiKer,ave.. Julia 

Virgins fair i 
Those -"- - 

s grave 



'Sap's ;'m<u°6™Lowi"(! 

indred-and-tHeniy-'elghtli-Ht., Grace 

E did B 

Build lor tJiee triumphal b , 

etreW, ye fair, bis way with Sowers, 
Btcew your hero's way with flowerB. 

President Harrison followed the speaker wjtb 
(tppareut iDteiest. nodding his head with approval 
several timu, smiling pleasantly once of twice. 
'A.t tl« close the address, engrossed on parchment, 
was handed to bim jn an albiim by Mjbb Fannie B. 
Oole. another of the Normal College idrla. together 
witii ft handsome houquet. The President did not 
make any Teply, hut bowed to the young ladies his 
appreciation of their words. As the party moved 
on upstairs, the girls followed them, and were in- 
troduced to the President. The flowers strewu 
along the pavement did not remain there long. 
TTie Grand Army veterans and the policemen gath- 
ered up some of them as souvenirs. Even In- 
spector Steers received a cluster. While the police 
were thus engaged, the crowd seized the oppor- 
tunity to rush In for the rest of the flowers. 

Among the school offleials present were President 
J. Edward Simmons, of the Board of Education : 
Commissioners Holt and Seligman ; President 
Hunter, ot the Normal College; City Superin- 
tendent Jasper ; Assistant Superintendents Godwin, 
Fanning and Davis ; Auditor Baloh, Captain 
Mosher, Professor Gillette, and the following mem- 
bers of tiie liidies' committee; Miss Salome Pur- 
toy. Miss Mary E. Tat«. Miss Kate Broderick, Mils 
M. Louise ClawBon. Mrs. Frances A. Pond, Mrs, 
Sarah E, Cowies, Mrs. Lizzie 11. Walker, Mrs, Mary 
J. ConkllQ. Miss Matilda Mosher. Miss Carrie S. 
Montfort. Misa Mary McClay. Miss Amelia, MisB 
Frances T. Murray, Misa Armie L. Whyte, and Miss 
Xietltia Matthevrs. 

After the introduction the clrls assembled in the 
lildermauic Chamber, where they sang "Mail, 
Columbia," which was to have been sunj- as the 
President walked past them if the band had not. 
been playing. 

The names of the girls are as follows ; 

rrom the Nonpnl College— Mirv Hlgglns, Edith Z. 
CoUyer. Annie Atlda Abrahams, rtertmde A. Brewster, 
Mary Hoiiner, Auiusta MnCt. taullne M. WestootC 
Fannie B. C.o'e. Mildred Gllmore Smith. Annia Berry, 
Uartha Z, Elchtel. Anna E, Sl^Mr and Mabel Tnylor. 

Prom the rubllo Schools-No. 1. VBnaBw»tcr..t.. 
MiDDte I.nbbln. Lucy Kavannahr No, S. Heary-st., Ida 
£. faekmn. Ormre 6. Hurrell: Noi 8,, Hor- 
.-- .. — . ~ .,. 1... . ^. gj^ p^_ 


J'helan. Ruby Baiiley; No'. 71, Seventh. 
Graham, Minnie A. Moorhouse : No. T9, East 

Knann; No. 70, East ElEhty-elSbtb. 

iuBBlo Hyaraes, 
'. East Eighty- 


The President and Mayor Giant, followed by 

Vioe-Presldent Morton and Goyernoc Hill, then 
entered the Governor's Koom, which, with the 
anterooms, had been decorated with the National 
colors. The President, Vice-President, QoyemoE 
and Mayor took their station on a raised plat>- 
form beneath a tastefully draped canopy of 
National Sags and red, white and blue buntdng. 
Chairman Elbridge T, Gerry stood near the I^resl- 
dent. The men, women and children, many ot 
whom had been waiting outside of the building 
for hours, were admitled through the small room 
east of that in which the President and his party 
were, passed in front of the President, through 
a double rank of Grand Army men, and out 
through the west room. 

The doors opened at 4 o'clock, and tor an 
hour th people passed by twos and threes before 
the President. Governor Hill and Mayor Grant 
stood modestly In the background. The first man 
admitted to the room shook the Presidenf s hand 
vigorously, and a tew women followed ids M- 
ample. The others, tn obedience to the request 
of the members ot the President's guard, slmplj 

The reception was truly a public one. There 
were a few well-known faces. Controller Mym* 
received a personal introduction to the President 
from William Q. Hamilton. Chamberlain Ulchard 
Croker, General C. H. T. Collia, Judge MoGown, 
Congressman Dunphey. John U. firodsky ana 
Deputy Assistant District-Attorney Foster were 
among those who paid their re.^pects to the Presi- 
dent. Por the most part, the crowd oonaisted 
of plainly dressed men and women. Not a few 
of the men were In their working clothes, and 
many of the women had with them young ohlldien. 

A telegram was handed to the President, wbe 
Interrupted his bowing for a moment while he 
read this dispatch from Chicago : 

" Seventy-five thousand people of Ullnols, la 
mass-meeting, expect some seatlmenC from the 
I'restdeot of the United States to-monow. Please 
telegraph us to-day. Centennial Committee." 




There were the usual amusing incidents of a 
public reception. Men and women frequently 
would bow to the wrong man. Others would 
{)as8 the President unconsciously, then turn around, 

make a low bow, and pass along sideways. The 
William H. Harrison man was there, in the per- 
son of an elderl^"^ man^ who insisted on grasping 
the hand of the President and exclaiming : ** 1 
voted for your grandfather in 1840, and 1 voted 
for you." There were groups of young boys and 
of school-girls in the throng. Many veterans of 
the Ke belli on, in the costume of the Grand Army 
-of the Kepublic, and members of the Loyal Legion 
were among the visitors. 

About 5,000 people passed before the President 
in the hour devoted to the reception. The doors 
were closed promptly at 5 o*cloclc The Presi- 
•dont passed down the stairs on the arm of Chair- 
tnan Gerry and Vice-President Morton, followed by 
■Governor Hill. Mayor Grant remained at the 
Olty HaU. 


As the President reappeared at the front en- 
Ixance of the hall, he was greeted with a great 
fihout of applause, which continued in strong vol- 
ume as he passed down the marble steps to the 
carriage. When he had seated himself he shook 
hands with Inspector Steers and thanked him for 
the excellent management of the reception by the 
police, at the same time handing the Inspector the 
bouquet that he wore on the lappel of his coat. 
The band struck up a lively air, and as the car- 
riages moved out of the park, they were followed 
by a succession of hearty cheers, accompanied by 
waving of handkerchiefs, hats, canes and umbrel- 
las. The President and Vlce-Pr sident were driven 
to the home of the latter. No. 85 Fifth-ave. The 
•Governor was taken to the Hoffman House. 

The house of Stujrvesant Fish, No. 20 Gramercy 
Pa¥k, where the dinner to the President took place 
last evening, outshone all of the many lavishly 
bedecked houses in the park by the number and 
brilliance of its decorations. The porch on Irving 
Place was draped with two American flags, and the 
two northerly balconies on the parlor-floor were 
similarly treated, and flags were hung between 
them. Between each of the three windows were 
placed shields composed of the National colors, 
irom which were rayed out a number of smaller 
flags on sticks. The balcony on the northerly side 
was also heavily draped with flags, and another 
shield, with a cluster of small flags, was placed be- 
tween the two parlor windows. A canvas awning 
was stretched from the doorway on Irving Place 
to the sidewalk, upon which a strip of red carpet 
was laid. 

The President arrived shortly before half-past 7 
b'clock, the hour fixed for the dinner. There was 
no formal reception. After a short time spent in 
conversation dinner was announced, and the party 
made their way to the dining-room in the rear of 
the parlor, where they were seated at a wide table 
jn the following order: President Harrison was 
placed at the upper end next to his host, who 
occupied the other seat at the head. Mrs. Har- 
rison was assigned to a place facing her husband 
At the foot of the table, and on her left was Mrs. 
Fish, also facing Mr. Fish. On the right hand of 
the JE*resident, ranged in the order named, were 
Lieutenant-Governor Jones, Miss Hamersley\ Mis. 
William Jay, Mrs. Robert Goelet, Mayor Grant, 
Mrs. Burke Roche, Vice-President Morton and Mrs. 
Oerry, who sat at Mrs. Harrison's left. Mr. Fish 
had for his left-hamd neighbor Mrs. Levi P. Mor- 
ton, and then followed Hamilton Fish, Mrs. Jones, 
wife of the Lieutenant-Governor; Elbridge T. 
Oerry, William Waldorf Astor, Robert Goelet, 
William Jay and Governor Hill. The dinner was 
purely informal, and there were no speeches. It 
was nearly 10 o'clock when the party broke up 
«nd started for the Metropolitan Opera House. 






The great work of arraying the city In gala day 
garments, which has been going on for the last three 
weeks, was hardly completed even last night, a lew 
finishing touches remaining to be done to-day. The 
amount of progress made yesterday was simply won- 
derfuL It was the original intention of most persons 
to have all the decorations in their places by Satur- 
day night, so that the advance guard of the armies 
of strangers could view the city in all her glory on 
Sunday afternoon. The rain which began on Thurs- 
day night, however, put a stop to all these calculi^' 
tions. Many of the displays were ruined and others 
were taken down to save them from the same fate. 
A few firms continued to put up their displays In the 
rain, and on Sunday decorators made necessity their 
excuse and were hard at work from sunrise until 
several hours after dusk. 

Most persons, however, who had not yet hung out 
their bunting and nailed up their flags waited untU 
yesterday. The day was a memorable one for decora- 
tive firms. Although their men had been working 
early and late for a week, they were set to their tasks 
a few hours after midnight and kept at it for twenty 
solid hours. People who thought New-York was finely 
decorated before the rain thought it magnificently ar- 
rayed on Sunday, when thousands promenaded the 
principal streets to see what had been done toward 
making the city beautifuL By yesterday afternoon 
so many old displays had been added to and so many 
new ones had been put up that the only way to exJ 
press one's admiration was to say that New- York was 
the most generally, most gorgeously and most beauti- 
fully decorated city that this country had ever seen. 
Some went even further, and asserted that nowhere 

had there ever been such a display of bright colored 
flags and bunting. , ^ ^ 

In FIfth-ave. especially was the change made by 
a single day noticeable. Downtown the decorations 
had been put up for the most part by Saturday night, 
but in Fifth-ave. it was different. For some reason 
the greatest objection to working on Sunday was made 
there, so that along that thoroughfare the buildings 
bedecked In red, white and blue were so few in com- 
parison with Broadway that there was a general 
feeling of disappointment. This gave way to one of 
wonder and admiration In the minds of strangers, and 
to one of mingled pride and exultation In the minds of 
citizens. The number of decorated houses had been 
more than quadrupled, and many that on Sunday 
showed only a modest array of flags and bunting were 
yesterday covered with masses of the gay-colored 

Ol course, displays are handsomest and most gen- 
eral in Wall-st., Broadway and FIfth-ave., where the 
exercises and parades will be held, but It is surprising 
how numerous the decorated houses are In other 
quarters of the city. Downtown all sorts of business 
houses have been beautified more or less, and the 
retail stores uptown are even more gen- 
erally decorated, the residence streets also 
showing liberal displays. Even the people living In 
tenement-houses caught the tever, and many have 
spent a few cents, if no more, In putting a flag or two 
or a few yards of bunting In their only window. 

To begin at the Battery, Broadway Is not so lib- 
erally embellished beilow Wall-st as above, although 
the displays there are creditable Indeed. Wall-st., 
both on account of Its Importance as the financial 
centre of the country and on account of the part ** 
plays in the Centennial Celebration, has been tra 
formed into a bower of gracefully draped bunting i 
fluttering flags. Pier 16, which Is at thb foot 

the street. Khere Ifae _ 
out lavUlJy bedecked, 
IDK Hat'. 

hJrn1r*'mL''fl'SldSt?fl^ I PEOPLE MASSED IN THE CITY. 

Tlie n 

i' arch, BlsD at 

ths lout ot, n-aa moEnlflcent la li 
led, wh'ite and olue sFili. 

Passing by tlie finely dBCoreted Custom House, One 
oune tu the Asi^sy Oitice aud Treaiory Bulldlne, In 
front of TCkloh bas been erected tho Eland on wlilob 
the literary esorolboe ol to-d»y wUl take place. The 
wooden plaKorni Is covered with bunting and nuniber- 
lesB tastefully arranged Hagj and coat«-af-arms. The 
oolumnB of the TJeasury Lulldlng are enoltoled nllh 
brtght-tiuL'd cloth, and on each of them Is hung a 
large United States shield. The statue ol Washing- 
ton, -which Is enclosed by the platforii., is crowned 
with' leaves of gulden laurel. Trinity Church, at the 
bead of the streel, displays a sunbutst of bunting In 
tbe main aod the tvro side enlraucos, and a large flag 
from a statf in the battlements. 

Cp Broadway there 1b a vlala of towerlDg walls 
o( fluttering. UaaDtlng. ralDbow-hucd dFDoraUoDs. ex- 
tending aa far as the eye can reach. From where the 
thirteen long strips of red, white and blue atruggla to 
tear thamselves loose from their fastenings to tho 
Equitable Building, up tu Waverley Place, where the 
military parade will leave Broadway, there are hardly 
a dozen buildings that do not show EOnie Indlcatluns of 
,._ ..__ ,_ only one 

Which more than one or two houses are entirely with- 
out ornament are the exception. Ono does nut fully 
appreciate tho uoanlmlty with which merchants have 

Eone to work at the decorating until he looks for 
ulldings bare ol bunting lu lower Broadway. They 
•re as scarce as the proverbial hen's teeth. 

The Custom House and City Hall oapeolally called 
forth eiclamaijons of admiration from all. The Fed- 
eral Building Is so much more massive that Its decora- 
tions do not mahe so great a Ehuwlng as do those 
of tho smaller niuulclpal edifloe. The latter Is fes- 
tooned with bunting, diaped with flagB. and hung 
with banners until tho gray walla aro hai-dly visible. 
The lavlshness ot the display la equalled by Its arUstio 
beauty, the elTect of It all beInK far richer and more 
gtaceftil than would he thought ptsslble with the 
simple material used. 

Along Broadway, further up. the variety of displays 
Is wonderful, Ko two seem to be alike. In sonio 
oases the parti- colored material has been laid on 
most liberally, but occasionally one has to look iwlco 
before discovering a Hat; or two or a bit of hunting 
" ■ ■■■ — — "-- tatlon. In Union 

sent themaelves to tiio heholdc . 

PItth-ave, fs spanned by three arches, one at Wash- 
ington Square and the other two at Twenty-third and 
Twenty-sixth sts. Workmen were buay yesterday put- 
ting the SolBhing touches to these, and have made them 
beautiful struoturoB Indeed. The decorations along 
FIfth-ave. are second In profusoness and magnjiflcenoe 
only to liose in lower Broadway. In Madison Square 
the cluster of big hotels has been arrayed with excep- 
tionally beautiful displays, making the selection of this 
place as the site of tiio reviewing stand a most fortu- 
nate one. Further up FIfth-ave. the olub-houses and the 
dwellings vie with one another In the extent and gor~ 
geousness of their decorations. 

It IB an open question, after all, whether the recent 
rain did result disastrously to the decorations or not 
It IS true, many cheap displays were ruined, but 
nearly every case they ^ 

will to-day give 

with wthlch the oinzens oi ne? 

when their energies are aroused. 

The fact that Delmonlco's throe downtown houses 
were bare of_decorallona yesterday excited 


downtown houses, but at tho last i 
with whom wo had made 
Inability to fulfiijt. ^ - 

t the I 

. . We could g 

t^ houses wlU bo trimmed 1: 
Tiing H the new 

1 his 

one to-day, but 

.. _ ., ir does not fall us." 

The Mercantile Exchange Building, at Hudson and 
Harrison sts., was the leading attraction In that neigh- 
borhood yeatertoy. About 81.200 had been eipanded 
for decorations to Oie building, wblcb ai« extremely 

It Is not possible to say precisely how many peopla 
tUere were In the streets between sundse and sunset. 
Precious few persons oan estimate aoourately or even 
approilm&lely the size ot a crowd. In ku ordlnarj 
crowd a man ooouplea about tour square feet of earth. 
An acre of men, therefore, would b« In round num- 
bers 11,000. In a crush such as that la Wallst. and 
lower Broadway In the afternoon, each acre o( par. 
Ing stones mnst have supported S^.OOO men, It two 
square feet be allowed to each person, and this peiv 
hapj Is an extremely liberal estimate. Assuming 
that the distance from Trinity Church to the East 
River Is 2,400 feet, and that the average width of the 
street U 4S feet, one has Just two and a half aorea 
ot ground and BS.OOO people. Ten thouaand mora 
were collected in the streets cioaslng WaLl-st., making 
6G,000 In alL 

The average width ot the Broadway sldowalllH Is 
^out eight feet Prom Thlrty-fourth-st. to the Bat- 
teiy, a distance of three and one-half miles, these 
walks were crowded the greater part ot the day. 
Seven miles of sidewalks eight feet In width are equal 
to 29G,QS0 square feet, and wlUi an allowance ot 
six square feet to each person there la an additional 
army of some fiO,000, which with the 69,000 already 
estimated, makes a gathering of 115,000 people In 
Wall-st. and Broadway. In ntth-ave., In tbe publle 
squares and along the water front there were easily 
G0,000 more, and on the housetops the number eould 
not have been leos than 10,000, making a grand total 
ot 195,000 sightseers In the elty, to say 
nothing of the tens of thousands on the 
steam and sailing craft In the harbor, 
the vast multitude that remained at home and at 
buBlneaa, and the legions that were sweeping into 
the railway stations at all hours. It Is scarcely an 
exaggeration to say, therefore, that the Naval parado- 
was seea by 1,000,000 people, when one takes Broi^ 
lyn, Jersey Cily and Staten Island into conslderatloD. 
Men say that the crush ol yesterday did not ap- 
proach that ot Evacuation Day la the tall ot 18S8: 
To-day Is Ceniennlal Day proper, tor which a groal 
many thousand people, who did not turn out yea- 
lerday, are waiting. There will bo lour tlme& H 
many people In tbe streets lo-day as there we» 

The oldest sightseer never saw a bellei^natur«d 
crowd. Some clubbing was done In extreme oaeet, 
but few heads were broken, 

The Brooklyn Bridge was a favorite piomenada 
yesterday, tens ot thousands of people enjoying the 
brecie and sunshine and the sights from the structure. 
It was a thtoroughly good-natured crowd, and things 
went smoctbly all day. The policemen had notblnj 
to do but repeat " keep moving." Kot an arrest 
was made on the Bridge yesterday. The regulat 
Bridge police foi-ce was augmented by 100 men from 
the Brooklyn Police Department, but the presence 
of the latter was not necessary. The Brooklyn 
I policemen were stationed at Inten'als of twenty feet on 
I the southern roadway, across which the people coming 


froiQ BrooMyn waJkea. Penjple g^lug to Erooklyn 
Used tliB promenadB, while vehicles going in either 
airectton occuplKd tha aorthern t-oailway. Of cduteo 
the crowds were graateit wlills the naval parade was 
paaslDB up tlie East River. Then (he roadway and 
promenaae were crowdad to such an ostent Ihac It was 
only wllh great dlfflculty that tlie people could be 
hept In motion, A great many who went on the 
BrldgB with the Idea that loey would he permitted 
to slaiid and view (he parade were disappointed. 
Ko person was alfowcd to loiter lor a moment, and 
ll'.'?^?''_,!"?, .''™"'*1 moved slowly, jot It did lieep 

Bridge. The | 

Beoplo walked ...^ 

Jorily 01 them were fltiajigers If, the city," many „, 

^_!'^'".g."'*?'V^''s.'''.'>"*-o'-'""'n mtlllary orsanl- 

seen were Immensely en- 

The fights .^ 

Joyed and many people o,,^^™ .,o.c. ,>i ura ui ioh 
?uT."Jl^^i '"■"."-'■Ich a view ol ihE Bay and many 
eumpses of the two cities could be had. 

sreeting the despatch fhom the EATTBRT, 
At an early hour yesterday people hegan 1o gather 
at the liallery and Castle Ganlen to sea the Naval 
Parade. By li o'eloct the number of persops ar- 
Mvlng by the elevated roads was so groat that the ac- 
commodation a at the Battery and South Ferry stations 
veioly laied. By tho time the parade began 
ol humanity and 

......i^ .nLo.»o,i,„m tnp paiK were also filled with 

people. The rools of the WaBhington Building, the 
ehip News Office and all o( the adjoining buildings 
were crowded ; la fact, evoiy point of vantage had bi;en 
seized upon by the Elghtseers. Seats (or several 
hundred wore placed on the roof of Castle Garden 
Among tho^ who saw (he parade from this point were 
Heni-y A. Hurlbut, George J. Forrest, aeonte Starr 
James Horke, president of the Irish Emigration 60- 
olely; Charles llauselt, president of the German So- 
ThHii- "^^^^^^ F- ^'^'•icl'i Edmund Stepheoaon and 
Charles N. Talntor. As the President's boat rounded 
i™VI?^''^^.,f^'?"? ^.^ ."""^^ gieoted by repeated sa. 

the whole water-front w 

i"u"s w" '''^'" 

5 East River. 

Ial4i' the Heat 

Kew- York's ablUty to taJie care of a orowd, no mat- 
. ter how large, was fairly demonstrated yesterday. 
It was esdmaled that over JOO.ouo vlsltora had aiTlved 
here up to Sunday night. 'lUa number was Inoi-eased 
bj tha ihouaandfl that poured In jeaterday, and jet the 
VBSt multitude failed 10 eshanat the city's resources 
for accommodation. To be sure moat o( the hotels 
vera filled, as every one expected 6bey would be, and 
many of thom iveie obliged to torn away hundreds 
Who did not oare to sleep five or als In a room. But 
In evorj liisiance ol this kind the dljappolnted appll- 
OantB ware referred (0 th-J Bureau of Public Comfort, 
With the assurance of finding rooms in prlvale houses. 
Oi these there are sill! a vast supply. Up to last 

3 thej a 



I'gciy In the mosl. 
uDaiiouio pans oi tna city, the Inference that no one 
U ohliged to be w llhuut lodglnija af a fairly satlafactory 
nature seeius 10 bu warrajiieiT. Manager P. T. Wail, 
ot the Uujoan of Publlo Comfort, eshrbKed list alt?r 
llet of rtesirablo places still lot- rent. Some of those 

a Bpleudid view of the parade can' he kad. Oiheta 
are In the cross sU'oola, In the houses of highly 
regpec table people, in almost every Inst an 3 the 
files are moderate, ranging from SI jO to S5 a day 
tor single Individuahi. ^ 

Notwithstanding all the people that have been taken 
eu« of through the hotefs, boardlnchousoa, private 
famillea and iTie Iltirean or Public Comfort, thcia are 
itlll ample facilities for entertaining ihoosanils moie. 
Mr. WaU said that at least 00,000 more people could 
to accununodatod n'ltliout aof great Ifoubla. 




pouEiNc. INTO Tea city fbom 


The Naval Parade wai a blessing to arriving vl^ltora, 
particularly (0 National Guardsmen who eame by the 
way of the West Shore, New-Vork Central, Ilarlem and 
New-England roa*!s, for It drew a large parr of the 
permanent and transient population toward the Bat- 
tery, and loft the uptown street? unobsti'uoled. A 
few people who lingered !u FIfth-ave. weto treated 
to a suggestion of what the great military pai'ade la 
to be to-day. They saw incoming regiments of the 
National Cnard Harehing to quarters. The 74th Regi- 
ment, N. G. S. N. Y., led the waj'. Following la 
close order were the 6sth Regiment, the sth Artillery 
and a large number of separate companies. Some of 
Ihe officers were superbly mounted. They brought 
their horses with them, In cars provided for the 
purpose, having been Informed that It wa5 Imposalble 
to aot a mount In Kew-VorJi. Govornor Foraker and 
■rived on Sunday night wllh the Akron 
id batteries. N. G. 6. O., also brought 

, I carloads ot t" ■ 

Ing in the train. 


in Forty-aewnd-st. and marched 
down ji'irtn-ave. xne men were fully eiiulpped, and 
are prepared to camp out If jieocssarj. Bosldes Uioir 
rlOes tliey carried knapaacks. canteens and tin cups, 
which caused them to loolt very mucli Uka soldiers 
Btartine for a batHe-lleld. The blue ooata of the army 
D( National Guardsman eclipsed IJio plain clothe* of 
the multllude of ordinary, every-day strangers, and 
bnt little notice waa taken of train loads tJiat dia 
not oontain uniforms. Suburban travel began .In 
sarn^t and taxed the roads to their utTuost capacity. 

Crowds of visitors from near-by c I ties, towna, 
villages and hamlets kept up a continued commotion 
in the Grand CenL-al Stallon. Eeeldenls congregaled 
there by hundreds to meat acquaintances and take 
(hem away. The bullotln-hoajds were scarcely large 
enough to glva the names or numbers and ihe houra 
ot arrival of the great number of special trains and 
espresaes that wore loreTcr coming in Irom the east, 
north and west. Each of Ihe AUantlo ospresses 
brongbt in 3,000 people. Freight trains ware ordered 
to give way entirely to the passenger trafflc. Gravel 
and eonstrnoUOn trains were side-tracked. Looo- 
motlves wore running nnrthward all day on the 
Central and West Shore roads to meet apodal trains 
roraing from the Weat and bring them to >"ew-Yoifc 
The rush ot pleasure-seehers & the greatest ever 
known in the history of aU the roada running Into 
the Grand Central Station. Contpandes that did not 
run special trains divlflod their regular trains Into 
sections, a single schedule sometloiea carrying a down' 
ti'ains ol eight oai-a eai^h. With rare exeepllonB 

The TBiineylvanla Eatltoad opened its fiood gatea 
yesterday anil let tUe people come. The country 
cousins, family relatives and friends came in multi- 
tudes, and all day long and late into the night there 
WHS an almost constant sti-eam ot people pouring out 
ot the Incoming trains and lining lbs slatlon and pack- 
ing the ferryboalB. The rush In the moraing was 
eiLtraurdlnarj, between 10.000 and 1&,000 neopls 
arriving at the station before noon. As a i-ule, the 
crowd that arilvod In tlie morning waa made UP of 
escurslon parlies, wllh occasional military organlia. 
tions and a liberal sprinkling ot veterans ot the Grand 
Army of the Ilepubllc, whose organliations li 
(0 form bere. 



Tb* ticBvr travel set In about 8 a. m., uid tha 
Mirlval ot iho J^iui sylvan La Leglslaturo at 10 o'elocU, 
headed Uy » brass baaa, marked the flecond rush. The 

" uen (rom rennBylvanla wore t»sty bttdeea and 

, fine sbowlng as tbey marched down the wharf 
Adams K.\iJi«is Company til their special 
r. Tbe nest organfiatlon 0( disUuotlon ttaa 
1 Tlr^lnlB Keglment, J'XI men. The peBlmenl 
-"-l by Colonel " ' ■•'-■-- --■-■ -t- 


Twenty -tl 

n light gray unl- 
, only nine' IBis 

Were brought to this rlly over the Pennsyli'Bnla lines. 

Tlie T.ria Railroad olUcinU and omployi^s found ihelr 
tiandB full In handling tbe big crouds that travelled 
over the road. Moat ot the traffic was through tralflc, 
while to-ilay most of It will ha local. There were four 
■ecllons of train 12, avi>raglng from twelve to Bfleen 
cars aiilece ; two sccllons of train 4, averaging twelve 
ears apleca, and two spcllons of train 2, Local trains 
"were crowded fres Port iervis and Patorson. At all 
Jiolnta along the line trains were made up and started 
as the travel demanded. At sonie points noly two 
trains were needad to roll eve tho regular trains 
Most of the passengers yesterday came from CblcagD. 
Columbus, Cleveland, Aliroo, Blngbamton, Clnelnnatl 
and BulTalo. Mllllla companies arrived from all 
these places. Among the mltltar; organlzatloos were 
Battocy B, of tbe 1st Artillery, Ohio. Captain Mc- 
Carthy : Batrery C. Blngbamton, Captain Um- 
Eted ; Battery C, Cincinnati, Bth liegltuent, Ohio 1 
8th Seglment. AKron, and the I4th Iteglment, Colum- 
tiua. Train Dlspat^^her David Halllday told a Tribune 
reporter that tbe travel on tha road yesterday was 
three limes as great as on Sunday, and would un- 
doubtedly be double to-dav. All freight on the Bialara 
dMalon, ihat it, from Port Jervls Iji Jersey City, 
has been abandoned at the former point, with the ex- 
ception of llva Etocli and perishable freight, unlll 

Travel waa heavy also on tbe Delaware, Laohawanna 
and Western Railroad. Train Dlspalcher James Dal- 
rymple said ftiat a special train of five cara was run 

s from South Orange ; one or sever 
ol four from Boonlon ; and from 

Montclair thoro wore two specials of six 

Two through trains wore run (rom Buffalo, one being 
made up of eleven eatH and tbe other of twelve. The 
regular trains were paohed with pasBongers. 
The crowds ovi 
have been so largo for the last throe days that It has 
been necessary to suspend the coal and freight 
traffic 111 order to transport passengers promptly. 
Yesterday morning the number of passengers In- 
creased largely, and tha station In Communlpaw was 
crossed by two nearly continuous streams of sight- 
seers. One stream poured In from Philadelphia, Easton. 
Long Branch. Neivarli anri suburban (owns of New- 
Jersey, Iho other rushed from this city out to Ellia- 
beth and Elizabethport, to catch the first glimpse nf 
Presldo;it Harrison upon his embarkation there. The 

...J tracks filled. 

I old and the yoitng, the robust 
babies wore not furgotteji. and 
', in his best bib and tucker, 
(I unmerciful pace by his excited 

is dragged along at 

About 11 ;30 the trains began to 
Commuolpaw station from Eliiajie 
the already Jailed people who had s 
atlon. The crowds filled tbe docIiB s 
CAa roots of the freight shoils. In their eagernosa t 
natch a glimpse ot the Despatch. 




The tliousanda ot men and women who attended 
tbe Centennittl ball at tbe Metropolitan Opera 
House last night will remember the oQcasioQ al 
long QH they live tor a wide variety of reasona 
I'o all it was a most brtlilitnt Bocial affair in 
point of numbers, tie character of those who 
took pftrt in it, and the decoiations. It WM 
graced by ft larger number of distJnguisiied men 
and fair women, and of representatives of famiUeB 
whose names arc identified with the history of the 
country, tlian has oharaoterized any other similar 
event in tlie pasC As a dancing affair, it was not 
BO enjoyable perbflps, especially in the earlier 
hours, when the crush was great. 

The ornsh began beloro the dooia were opened 
at Q o'cloolc. The official jirtBtamuie hiid on- 
nounoed that the doors would he thrown open ftt» 
8 o'clock, and at that liout carriages began to ar- 
rive, containing people who wished to get to their 
plaecH early, in order to avoid the areater crowdJ 
expected at a later hour. The doors were not 
oi^ned at 8 o'clock, however, end as the people 
left their oarriaBea tliere wiis nothing for them 
to do but stand in tho open air and -wult. 
Within half an hour the entire section of Broad- 
way, from Thirty-ninth-st. to Ftrtieth-st.. waa 
niled from the curb to the street-car trai>ks 
men and with women in their dehcate evening 
drese. Each pnssinK car caused a stampede, la 
which elaborate oostomes were torn and ruined. 
Every additional carriaije udded to tlie disorder 
and distress of those on foot. Captain Reillr 
iind 100 of his men attempted to keep th» wairioB 
people from beneath the Iei>t of tlie horsea. Tbe 
crowd finally became so deiise that the polios 
themselves were powerles 
to do any clubbing in sue 
pecially as the people com 
ond not transcressora. 

The people on the outside of tlie crowd in 
order to (scape the pasBine oars enGroached upon 
those in front. Each car that passed caused a 
distinct and separata panic, women screamed, 
E..nie soMn-d and cried, and the men swore. These 
people were all tioliet and box liolders who had 
oomo thus early expecting to be able to gain 

The noise of hammers was heard by tho=e on the 
outside, indicating that worlnncn were still busy 
on the decorations on the inside. 

"Never roind the decorations, and let us in I" 
was shouted at the closed doors. At lasl^ at ten 
minutes of 0, the doors were swung open. 

The beauty that was revealed to those who were 
fairly shot into the corridors by the angry crowd 
in the rear almost repaid thera for the suffering 
tli-y had undergone. When Director Stanton was 
allied why tho doors were not opened earlier, he 
said that the advertised time was 10 o'clock, and 
Ihat it was lni[io?sible to open them before. 


To those who mnintained their complacency tiie 
scene within the Opera House was one of marvel- 
lous beauty. The main corridor was a veritable 
bower of rosea, azaleas,' lilies and ferns. No wood- 
work was visible anywhere- On all sides were 


blossoms of pink, white and crimson, set like iew- 
«ls ia a background ol evergrencs. Tlie stairways 
and lobbies were lined with laurel and arborvitae, 
a.nd roses were trailed ia festoons along the walls 
a.nd balustcades. Inside the auditorium th?re was 
& inase of light from rcyiiads of incandescent 
lamps, placed so closely together that the glare 
seemed absolutely unbcolten. The orange and 
itblto streamers in the dome somewhat mellowed 
tlie effeoc of the lower glare, but when the great 
fl.ooc becnme filled and the boxes became occupied 
the brilliuBCT seemed less piercing. 

The MUsh at 10 o'clock on die floor of the ball- 
room was great. A detachment of the 2d Artil- 
lery was draws up in double lines to keep a, pas- 
fiogB tor the Ptesiacndal party. It was half-post 
10 when the bugles announced the arrival of the 
President's party outside tlie corridor. Every 
eye was at once fixed upon the Entrance. The 
band struck up " Hail to the Chief" as President 
Harrison appeared at the door. The President 
*»alked through the hne of soldiers with Governor 
Hill on his right hand and Mayor Grant on his 
Jaft. Following them came Mr. Morton and Mrs. 
Harrison, Lieut*naat-Governor Jones and Mrs. 
Morton, Stuyvesant Pish, jr., and Mrs, Jones. 
When he had reached the portals of his box the 
President turned and bowed in response to the 
pJandits which had greeted him ' on his walk 
theough the aisle of booted and spurred artillery- 
men. He then entered his box with his party. 
The ladies of the quadrille of honor then oome, 
leaning on the arms of the floor njaiiaB:eFa, As 
they rencliod the President's box each one bowed 
low and the President rose and bowed. The ladies 
then went to their box and waited there for the 
iTivitcd guests to march In and take their places. 


When all had seated themselves in their boxes, 
tlis ladies of the quadrille again appeared, and 
meeting their partners for the dance, tooli their 
places on the floor In the following order : 
Vice-President Morton, OBuMnnnt-GoTenior Jonm, 

Mn. J 

t Juflson, 

B. Morti 


Mm. a. S. Webb, Mrs. Mi 

General Ftt/eorsld, Cnntaln 

Mn. Gracle-kliia, Mrs. Co 

Mrs. De Fey' 

r. Db Perster, 

Tn. Van ItenxBClBCr, 

Km. Onttins, Mr^rwelr," 

]. Wllllgin Beelmiuii J. Grelgb ton Webb, 

Ulu I.lvlngston, MJsa Schuyler. 

The quadrille was danced to national airs 
played by Lander's orchestra. The couples pro- 
ceeded to dance a simple quadrille with thcee 
Sgurea. Directly alter the quadrille dancing was 
general, nt least there was an attempt at dancing, 
Which was diflioult, owlag to the great crowd. 
The order was as follows ; 

Ovortura Kallonol Alts tander 

Overture Rlenil ■Warner 


Polk ft 

7, W«IK 


Bloomlne ToutI 


YeoSC Gu. 

, ■ sS 

a. Waltz 






. Folk! 



' W.1I( 





7. Lanclors 


Cell lee 

Nenburg Centennial 



S»n5 Soud 






0. Otioo 


Holter Folvst 


Vienna Women 



S. Folka 



Nlok of tha Woods 



1. Polba 



J. M. LMflar 

was divided i: - . . 

of the balcony, playing alternately for dancing 
and the promenade. 


The floor managers, whose duty was only nom- 
inal, included : 

EdmUQrt C, Stanton, ohalnnan; Daniel T. WnrdBn, 
Campbell Steward, 0. G, Haven, Jr., Ailred Wagslatt, 
Wal&ef Luiteen, H. I.B Grand Cannon, M. L. Ruth. 
M D., U. 8. N. ; General Martin T. MoMahon, Henrs E. 
Howland, Henry W. Blbby, WllllaiQ ealoman. John 
Hone, Jr., Daniel Mllllien, J, J. lownaend, George 
Bend. Charles De Kay. 8. I.. Morison, Allan MoLaoe 
Hamilton. Lloyd Aspfjiwall, J. 1. Anthony, J. Wi liam 
ReeSman, Charles D. Miller, Elliott Roosevelt, A, P. 
Monlant. natilel Applaton, J, Bowera Lea, John M. 
Bowersi. Charles S. Stokea, Duncan Elliott, FredorloB 
Van Lennup, Honry M, MoElllBott. 

The boxes were held as follows: 

19. « 



ai: Victor NowMTnb. 
31. Robert 0, Wlnlbrop. 


i: SXm' 

.11am JlT- 9D. L. P. Morion. 


jsnard Stewait. 61. Asa Bird GanUnei, 

B. L, M. Birlo? 
John B 


Elliott and Tbeodon 
E. Riiadolp)i Rsblnaun, 

.-lus N. fillH. 
■jG. ^Miusnd. 



AmonE the vomoo In tbe boxes vere: 
Site. J. Hampden Kabb, All's. JaDios Budo Beek- 
nian, Urs. nruca liimay, MUs Echlollelin, Mrs. Will- 
iam n'aldorC Astor, SIis. Paul, Mrs. James P. Ker- 
nochun, Mrs. nitllam Douglasi Steatie, Mrs. Wllllaiii 
a. Uamllton, Ulsa Daisy UamllCoii. Mrs. J. Fred 
Plersoii, Mrs. James A. llurden, Mrs. Robert Qoelct, 
Mis. Feroy Alden, Mrs. Geoi-ge 11, Bend, Miss Amy 
Bend, Mrs. Geurse Henry WarrOD, ]r,, Mrs. W. it. 
TUllDghiut, Mrs. Uedeu Doromus, Miss EEtelle Dors- 
mug, MiH. Urma wU^on, Mrs. Heury C'lewu, Mrs. 
liEoi'gB a. Uowdoln, Miaa iiowdoln. Mrs, ElUotl Hoose- 
vell, MlBS Uail. Mis. Tlieodora HuaiwvHit, Mrs. Uitbor 
KQunlze. Ulsn hai'bwKb, Mis. Au>tln Corbln, Kiss 
CorLiln, Mrs. Atieust UelmunC, Jr.. Mrs. GooFCe W. 
KIdd, Mrs. JIazen, Mi3. Cooper Uowitl. Mra. l3ur^ 
Cootie, Uie Mtisea VeUb. tbs Mlsse^i JleDkalier, Mrs. 
J. Q. K. Duer, the Misses Duer, MIsd CiLmerou, Mrs. 
Alfred Voungs, Mrs. Robert B. Ulnlucn, tbe Misses 
Mlntum, Mra. K. Ely-Goddanl, Mrs. J. E. 8mlth 
Uadden, Mrs. II, L. Burnett, MIbj Fannie Taller, Ml9. 
J. F. D. Lanier Mrs. Sidney Dillon Ripley. Mrs. 
Braytoti Ives, Miss Ives, Mrs. AUiiid Gallatlo, Mrs. 
HoirlaDd Pell, Mis, laaaa Branson, Miss Bront«n, Mrs. 
S. B. ElUlns, Miss Elblns, MlBs KsIIId liodmond, Mrs. 
Uoid S. llryco, U\fs Clarissa LIvlugstan, Miss Eva 
Van CourUandt Morrla, Mrs. F, B, TalUn^lgp. Mrs. 
Dudley Field, Mis. Walter Cutting, Miss Cuiting, Miu. 
J. Piernont Morgan, the Misses Morgan, the Mlsaos 
Cllft, Mis, James \V. Gerard, Mrs. Edward Snelllne, 
Miss Grace Snolllng, Mis, Edwai-d fiiirrlman, Mrs. 
Edward Kemeys, Mrs. Ogden Goelet, Mrs. Michael 
Henry Herbert, Miss Grace Wlleon, Mrs. Will, 
lam Jay, Mis, Herbert Pell, Mrs. Henry J. 
Barbey, the Misses Barbey, Mis. Sumuel F. 
Barger, the MiSGes Bargsr, lltss Lizzie Beach, Mrs, 
Victor Kewcomb, Miss Edith Uewcomb, Mrs. Robert 
A. Winthrop, Mrs. Hamilton Flab, Jr., Mrs. Nloholaa 
Fish, Miss Fish, MIsb Baldwin, Mrs, Elbrldce T. Gerry, 
the Misses Storena, Mi's. George B, De Forest, Mlsa 
Hargous, Miss Winthrop, Miss Berrvitian, Mrs. WlBlam 
Post, UIss Post, tbe Misses Stokes, Mrs. Rirdjcs 
Backer, jr., the Misses Babcooli, Mrs, C. E, WiUlama, 
Mrs. Cornelius fl. Bliss, Mrs. Charles A. Pool, Miss 
Una Post, Mrs, John Jay, Mrs. Llapenard Btewart, 
Mrs. John D, Jones, Mlsa Sarah Floyd-Jones. Mrs, 
Alojtander Brown, Mrs, Frederick J. da Paystfr, 
Mrs, John Kean, the Misses Kean, Miss Flora 
DavlB, Mrs. John AlBop King, Mrs. W, C, fiebermer- 
bom, Mrs. John Innesa Kane, Miss Stl.ermerhorn, 
i. Marquand, Miss Marquand, Mrs. Harold Godwin, 

Buchanan WInthiDp, Mrs. it. T. Wilson, Mrs, Ciarent, 
Cary. Mlsa Potter, Mrs. Bujton Harrison, Mrs, Dpu^as 
Hoblnaon, Jr., Mrs. K J. Woelaey, Jr., Mrs. John 
Minium, Jr., Miss Mlnturn. 


Among the well-known men wbo went from bos 

to box and. mingled with the crowds of dancers 

George Clinton Genet, Cb aides Isharo, John J. 
Knos, F. R. Coudert, Charles Coudert, A. S. Yealon, 
George Gardiner Fry, Waller Webb, F. A. Benjamin, 
John A, Vaclet, J. G, Bulkley, Eraatns Wlmaa, George 
W. Forsyth, De Wilt ainton Fails, August Montant, 
Jules Montanl, Cbarlea Piatt, W. C. WaBaoe, James 
MontgoiQery, P. W. Wltherbee, Clinton Stuart, John 
B. Jones, Conde Thorn, M. L. Ehlara, Itobeit T. Bel> 
Snap, Fraoli R, Lawrence, Rutherlord Stuyveaant, 
Henry Lawrance Hutherford, U, B, Ledyard. John A. 
Pluaid, Charles Plnard, Oswald Ottendorler, Wiliiam E. 
Dodge, Samuel Bon'owe, Edwards PieiTepont. Mariin 

!. Browi 

Oliver G, Barto 

Requa. c;fiaries Daly, William Batton, Jomca S, Van 
Courllandt, Eugene Hlgglns. Lnuls Stanton, W. H. 
TIlllnBhasr, F. W. Ade?, Jnllpn T. Davids, J. 1., 
Echroeder, De Lancey SIcolI, Engine Kelly, Jr., Wood- 
bury G, I.angdon, George Ehret, Henry S, Glover, 
E. B. Harper. John Bloodgood. J. F. de Keiifville, 
J. SloeiitOQ Houfh. A. Van Santvoord, Charles J. 
Slcbblns, Roland Enoedler, A. ha, Monlagn-!, Frank 
Tllford, Washington E. Connor, Colonel Elliott F. 
Ghepard, Karrick RIggs. J, Murray Mllchell, Edward 
Mllchail, H. L Wilson. Orme Wliaon. Captain Warren 
C. SBaeh, W. OrJswoia Wheeler, John G. Eereatord, 

Plerie Barlow, Uyron 

Lanoey, Jobu Sloaue, „ .,, 

I«iiler, O. A. Mui-nsuD, Jr., E, F. Coward, Rudolph 
Aroueon, J. B. Conway, Myies citaodjsb. Arthur Fer^, 
W. A. CoiSn, ^ViUlam Post, Charles A. Post, BaohS 
Schmidt. Br. T. Addis Emmet, Locks 

W. Winchester, W. J. swan. Adrian Iseiln, Cbarie* 
., .. , j^jQ^g ^ KernoohaD, Bhepai-d Ivnapp, 

^lon, P. G. ThebauJ, 

__. ... ._ Hitchcock, E. W. 

Odder, CoiOQJl F.mmons Clark, George F. 
Hecker, A. a Kings land, Oliver O. BaFtoi!. 
George Weatlnghouse, Profeasor Ogdea^^^Borenjufc 

Jr.,'jaj ' 
Stacy ( 

r Doremus H. 1 

I, n. n. .mjuon. General Edward W.,.^ 

. ball, Wiaaid P. Ward, R. L. Cutting, 

I W. Gerard. Jr. C. Lawrenoa Perkins. 0. 

h, J. S. Barnes, Frederiek Tappen, WlUIam 

S. Klngsland. Arthur Leary, E. P. Deiafleid. HenrT 
Hilton, Edward HQton, George P. Watts, G. H. SorllV 
ner, A. A. Vantine, Edgar Sallus, Clareuoe Andrew, 
David H. Morrison, Jacob B. Moore, Preble Tucker, 
HoUett Borrowe, Professor Charles Doremus, F. O^ 
monde Prenoh, Benyer Clariison, W. E. Grace. Oswald 
Jackson, F. O. Millet, Jesse Sellgman, W. H. Crosby, 
John Cadwaliarter, Robert Schail, General dl Cesnolfc 
Daniel nunclngton. Henry B, Hyde, AUan Campbell, 
WIBIoro B. Bcekman, Paul Thehaurt, O. D. M. Peiiotw, 
Dr, Van Beverhotit Thompson, Willl.'i D. James, F, W. 
Murray, e. H, Boreson. J. Hopklnaon Smith. John P. 
Plna, Rudolph Shack. J, R, Houghton, O. V. Loeif, 
P. E. Houghton. Ilowland Bobbins, D. L Barker, H. 
AJeiander Murray, Ambrose Honry, William H, WloB- 
ham. Robert Rutbarlord, Wayne 8. Partor. S. VW 
Ren5BBlaer Crugcr. John Austin Stevens. I>oWlta 
Clinton Jones, J. L. Rlker, 3. Hood Wright, Oliver 
Harrlman, Jr., and James Harrlman, 

It- beoamo apparunt belore 11 o'elook that tlie 
ball was to develop into n veritable jum. WMlo 
the floor of the Opera Ilonse and Uie corridort 
were no tliorouglil.r ocomded that it wes impos- 
sible to move about^ there was still a line of 
tMin'iaees extending to IVenly-second-si. The 
entraneeB became blocked snd great confuEion 
prevailed outside. Then there was a grantl rush 
and hundreds of people came in w;thaut having 
a chance to show tlieir ticitets. More people kept 
coming in, until there must hnve been 10,000 
■Hittin tbe walla oC tie Opera House. It was 
saitl that only 6,0(10 tickets were to be sold. 
That number of people could have been com- 
fortably ncoommodated, but 4,000 more made a 
most frightful ccusli. In the o.irddors ladies were 
blockaded for tours. Kot only were prominent 
and fashionable people in tlie boxes, but Ihew 
were cro-.vds of these who were unable to obtain 
sucli accommodations. They stood pauked closely 
together, watching the Piesidenc's party. Theaa 
boxes were built at tbe extreme edge of the stage, 
and were in two tiers, five in tie lower nnd four 
in the upper, the bos for the President being the 
largest. In the ara.iUer boxes were the membera 
of the Cabinet and their wives. Ei.Preeident and 
Mrs. ClB\-eland were in an upper box at the right 
of the President's box. Mrs. Cleveland waa 
dressed in a white satin pown, cut low, and 
wore a, nechlnce of solitaire diamonds, Sbo 
carried an tistrioh feather fan. Al Ihe left Of 
the President, in bus N, were Secretary and Mrs. 
Tracy, Admiral Porter and Mrs. Porter; box P, 
Senator Hiseoolt and party; box Q, Ctuef Jjistice 
and Nlrs. Fuller, Justice and Mrs. Blnteliford, 
Justice and Mrs. Field ; President's box, in the 
centee, President nnd Mrs. Harrison, Vice-Presi- 
dent and Mrs. Morton, Mr. and Mrs. Russell 
Harrison, Elijah Halford; box V, Secretary and 
Mrs. Noble, Senator Jn^lls, Senator Cullora; 
Mi5a Cullom, Senator Manderson^ Senator Col- 
qnitt. Senator D.iwes, Senator Wade Ilamptoo, 
(ieneral McCook, Seeretary of the Sennto: Senntor 
J. B. Eustia and Colonel William P. Canaday. 

In the otJier boxes were Governor Gordon, anil 
Mrs, Gordon, Hugh Gordon, Miss Caro LewU Gor- 
don, Colonel Mercer, Colonel Jnckson, cjid Miss 
Comeha Jackson, Several members of the diplo- 
matic corps were in other boxes. 



At midnight the President and his party were 
escorted to the supper-room. The following is the 


Consomme en Tasse. 

Hultres Poulette. 

Bouchees a la Relne. 

Timbales Venetlennes. 

Croquettes de Volaille. 

Terrapins Marj'land. 

Filets de Boeaf aux Champlgnoas. 

Chapons rotl, aux Marrons. 


Saumcns de Canada, au beurre de Montpeller. 

Bass reyes a la Borgia. 

Fruites sam.ones a la Bayadere. 

Filets de Boeuf a la Russe. 

Aspies de foie gras en Belle yeux. 

Pates a la Washington. 

Jambons Hlstorlques. 

Tartines de foie gras. 

Bulssons de Truffles du Per4gord. 

Langues de Boeul a la Ecarlate. 

2^olx de veaux a la Ravigotte. 

Galantines de Champons aux Truffles. 

Cliaud-Frold d'Ortolans. 

Becassines et Pluviers a la Gelee. 

Agneaux du printemps roti, entiers. 

Sandwiches de foie gras. 

Salade de Volaille. 

Salade de Homard. 


Pieces montees en Patisserie. 

Gelee aux Fruits. 

Gelee Orientale. 

Charlottes Russes. 

Charlottes Dosia. 

Gauflres Qhantilly. 

Biscuits des Princes. 

Diplomatcs a la creme Chantllly. 

Brioches en Moules. 

Savarlns en Moules. 

Quartlers d'Oranges glacees au CarameL 

Nougat Parislen. 

Neap oli tains. 


Marin gues Sulsses. 



Cornes d'abondance. 

Petits Gateaux. 

Petlts Fours. 

Mottoes. Bonbons. 




CorbelUes de Fruits. 



The following Is the bill of fare for the banquet : 

30 Avril, 1889. 

Hors d'oeuvres. 

Tortue verts. 

Petites Timb'dles, a la MinisterleL 


Saumon du Kennebec, sauce Hollandalse. 

Salade de Concombres. Pommes Anglalses. 

Filet de Boeuf, sauce Madere. 


Rlz de veau a la Perloueux. 

Champignons sautes. Haricots verte. 

Becassines en culsse. Flageolets. 

Aspics de foie gras. 

Sorbet a la Presldence. 


Poulets du Printemps, au Cresson. 

Salad Russe. 

Petlts moults panaches. 

PetltB Fours. Mottoes. 

Gateaux. Fruits. 

I Pieces montees. 

Cafe et Liqueur. 



The costumes were of Kreat elegance, and jewels 
in the greatest profusion were worn. Mrs. William 
Astor was ablaze with gems. 

Mrs. Harrison wore a superb gown, which she 
selected during her winter visit to New- York for 
the Centennial ball. It was made of pure white 
faille of exquisite texture. The front of the skirt 
was covered with a deep flounce of white tulle 
from waist to hem. The tulle was bangled with 
small silver drops, which glistened like diamonds. 
On the right side was a broad panel of white silk 
brocaded in silver, and separating this panel from 
the tulle flounce was a band of white marabout 
leathers. The long princess train fell from the 
waist in straight folds. The waist was cut V-shape 
back and front, and the opening iilled in with the 
silver-bangled tulle. The sleeve came to the 
elbow, and from there to the wrist was a dainty 
old-fashioned undersleeve of tulle. Mrs. Harrison 
wore a diamond necklace strung with small stones 
and a pendant of Une gems. Her gloves were 
white, as were the pretty Suede slippers, embroi- 
dered in silver thread and beads to match the 


The gowns designed for the ladies who dancod 
in the quadrille of honor were strikingly hand- 
some. Mrs. Levi P. Morton wore a mauve faille, 
with train in brocade and with white ground. The 

design was in delicate colors— clusters of straw- 
berries, caught up with Marie Antoinette bows of 
mauve. The front of the skirt was in a tablier 
in mousitohne de sole. The low corsage was of 
lilac faille, with a pointed front of the brocade. 
The sleeves were short and puffed at the shoulder. 
A heavy sash of lilac faille was fastened at the 
wai-it, with long ends dn'opjnjj down over the 
brained skirt. Mrs. Morton carried an old-fashioned 
French fan of rare design, and her ornaments were 
pearls and diamond stars. 

Mrs. William Astor was dressed in a superb white 
satin dress, embroidered in silver and colored flow- 
ers. She wore her magniflcent diamonds. 

Miss Louise Lee Schuyler wore an old gown. 
The brocade in it is an heirloom, over 100 years 
old, and the dress belonged to the daughter of 
General Schuyler, who, in 1783, was married to 
Stephen Van Kensselaer. The brocade had a light 
ground, and was hand-embroidered with delicately 
tinted flowers. It was partly covered with old 
lace and was relieved by dark-green velvet. Miss 
Schuyler's only ornaments were a pearl locket con- 
taining a lock of Washington's hair and a small 
diamond pin holding the hair of Alexander Hamil- 
ton, herjgreat-^andfather. 

Mrs. Frederic J. de Peyster's gown was Direc- 
toire, of white satin. The front was in white and 
Gobelin blue brocade, embroidered in gold and 
sapphire beads. A heavy velvet sash of Gobelin 
blue fell over the train. The waist was of wMte 
satin and point lace, low, with short sleeves puffed 
high on the shoulders. She wore white ostrich 
tips in her hair, and diamonds and rubies as orna- 

Miss Carola Livingston wore a gown with & 
square train of silver brocade over delicate pink 
silk, the brocade being interwoven with silver 
threads. It is over 100 years old. The front of 
the skirt was of pink crepe de lisse, caught up or 
festooned with silver thistles; corsage deooUe*^* 
rich Martha Washington bertha of the crepe 
lisse, caught with silver thistles ; vvv5>3«^ ^-t^asos 



pearU and diamocds. Sbe had an aigrette of ' 
thistles and petuls in the hair. 

Mrs, Alexander S. Webb's gown wbb a superb 
feliow brocaded satin trimmed with altar lace, 
plaia fellow satin, panels at the side, a V-shaped 
waist and elbow sleevee; yellow leathers in her 
bale. MzE. Webb had on a locket comtaining a 
miniature of General Samuel B. Webb, one of Gen- 
eral Washington's aides. Her oinaments were 

Mrs. W. Bayard Cutting wore a Josephine dress 
of white satin, trimmed with old-gold brocade, 
made with a sweeping court train. The front of 
the skirt was covered with costly point lace. The 
waist was of V-shape, of brocade amd point lace : a ' 
cluster of ostrich tips, witb diamonds, was in her 

Mrs. Bobeit F. Weir's dress was of lobin's-eER 
blue Batin and fioweicd brocade, made la fifteenth 
century style. The Iront was entirely of satin 
and also the train, with brocaded iiunels at the 
sides. l't;e decollete bodice was of satin, trimmed 
with i)oi]it de Venise. 'fhe lace was uaueht to- 
uether la front by a locket holding tlie miniatures 
of President Madison and Mrs. Madison. Mcs. 
Weir wore in her haic a diamond buckle which 
belonged to Gener^il Washin^on. Mrs. Weir is a 
great-grcat-grandniece of General Washington, and 
also a great-granddaughtec of Mrs. Madison. 

Mrs. a. Van li. Cruser appeared in a gown made 

frincipally of pale yellow plush, with a train. A 
eavy gold girdle encircled her waist. The front 
of the acess fell in straight folds of .vellow crepe 
do chine, embroidered with gold. It was out 
low-neck, with short sleeves. Uer ornaments wore ' 
of old gold. 

Mrs. A. Gratie King wore a superb Worth gown. ' 
of white velvet and satin. The sweepinK court I 
train was of velvet, tJie panels of heavy satin, the 
front of satin covered with point lace. Uer orna- 
ments were diamonds. 

Mrs. A. Newbold Morris's train and waist were 
of mignonette satin: tlie front of her skirt being 
of pink moire, covered with old cardinal lace, and 
the sides of the skirt of Nile-green tatin with 
re vers of brocade, hand-embroidered with pink 
realms. The waist was V-shaped, witli cardinal 
lace over pink moire, with revem of the brocade; 
elbow sleeves, finished with the lace. A bunch 
of delicate pink and green feathers was clasped 
on the right shoulder, and there were bunches of 
feathers on the skirt. A cluster of ostrich tips 
was worn in her hiiir. 

Mrs. Alexander Van Bensseiaer wore a toilet 
of pansy velvet, made with a court tr;iin and 
with a front of mauve satin, covered with black 
lace and silver: decollete waist, ot pansy velvet 
with lace and silver. Tho bodice was edged with 
point lace, and she wore diamonds in her hair. 

Mrs. Edward Cooper wore a mauve brocade 
dress, with flounces of point lace. U'he style \ias ' 
of the time of Louis XVI. For ornamenta Mrs. , 
Cooper wore pearls and diamonds. | 

Mrs. Elbridge Gerry wore a gown with a train i 
of white satin striped in gros grain and which I 
had a delicate rose vine vrith flowers brocaded 
over it The front opened over a simulated Em- 

Eire petticoat of white satin veiled in gnuze, and ' 
ad panels of point d'Alenoon lace. The bodice i 
was cut low and was edged with point lace. I 
Mrs. Gerry wore superb diamonds for ornaments. | 
Mrs. Herbert Washington wore a Paris gown of i 
copper colored silk en train covered with filmy 

work around miniatures on ivory. 

Mrs. E. F. Jonos's go^vn was of white and 
gold-brown in faille and silk. Her ornaments 
were diamonds and she carried a beautiful fan. 

Among the other stfikiu° 
ladies present were : 

Mrs. McKee, while arniur. . 

orepe llsse: train and bodice of armure ; petticoat 

draped In a flounce of tlis crepo Usso; ' — — 

M appear Jow ; white gloves. 

, _, In of whlto 

saUn. striped wllh moire la tbree-laoh bonds, and 
brocaded on satin, draped In pew ombroldered tulle; 
bodice of blue aatln embroldemi In pearls, out low 
back and front, and edged with pale blue marabout 
feathers; eappblre and pearl ornaments. 

Miss Murpby, of St Paul, Mrs. Harrison's guest at 
the White Huu^e, low-neoked sown of while lallle, 
with front of petticoat In draped silk, deep flounoea at 
lace and ribbons; bodice out round at the nook, out- 
lined with lace, with a spray of Bve white blossoma 
from the left shoulder to the waist line. 

Mrs. Stufvesant Flsb, English Empire gown of pals 
yellow tulle, w!lb gamtlui-n of forget-me-nots ; flowers 
and diamonds In pointed and pulled bodice, 

Mrs. Hamilton Flsb, delicate gray tulle, made tn 
■■ ■ ~ • si; ornaments, dla- 

Mra. Russell Harrison, full squar 

English Empli'e style, with sasli; 

1 diamond s 

Cooper Hewitt, danrlng dress of white tulle, 

„ 3d with tiny pink moss KMObuds on the skirt 

and on the low bodice ; diamond necMaoe and pendaui 

and diamond star In tbe hair. 

Mrs. J. Coleman Draylon, heavy while s: 
embroidered In silver aJid pearls, low-cut coi-sagH, su 
arranged that the handsome sapphires might be 
fastened to It, entire front of drsoge of siQipbires and 
pearls, and sapphlree worn In the hair and at the 

Mrs. Burke-Eoche, gown ol several skirts of wh!W 

..- — spangles ; top Is edged with white violets, aitd 
tine shirt Is draped with them. 

Mrs. Orme Wilson, mauve tulle, embroidered hi 
silver; Jewels, diamonds. 

Ilrs. Faran Stevens, embroidered bnicade and laca 
gown ; omaraontB, diamonds. 

Miss Helen Hamilton, short white tulle Empire gown 
with garniture ol pink rosea and "-— ' ■'-'- — 


, blue tulle, richly om- 

Mrs. O^en Goelet, mauve tulle, embroidered In 
silver with Jewels for ornaments. 

Miss Annie Webb, gown ot white tulle, cut low, at 
dancing length, with cherry colored floners and ribbons 
for garniture. 

Miss Carrie Webb, white ttille and lace, with low 
bodice, short sleeves and pearl omameni.9. 

Mrs. Edward B. Hilton, white brccado. the front 
flounced In point lace, with garlands of oranee blossoms 
on the left side; bodice low with puffed sleeves, ajid 
a Dlrectolre Jacket of real point I 
a diamond crescent, a necUaoe o 

Mrs. Klchard M. 'Waltei-s. dress of shell-pink broeado, 

, . - . fashion ; petticoat of rare point lace. 

made In Louts 

brocade hand painted In flowers ; < 

Mrs. Charles Godfrey, full train of 1 


, -— -, rj white 

brocade embroidered In silver flowers by hand and 

edged with a marabout of while osrrlch feathers, front 
ol while satin and sliver embroldciT ; low corsaga 
edged with & marabout feather lao ; diamond necklace 
and pendant and a diamond Uafa. 

Mrs. F. D. Harmon, dress ot rose-pink tulle, made 
dancing length and draped with pink hydrangeas; 
waist decollete, edged with old point lace and adorned 
with a cluster of hydrangeas ; diamond and sapphire 


Mrs. George Clark, a cloth ol gold dress, made 
dancing length and veiled In golden tulle; gelden 
feather fan and diamond Jewels. 

Mrs. Fulton Cutting, dress of shrtmp-plnfi brocade 
and silk, with a full train ; old point and duchesse 
lace; diamond Jewels. , 

Mrs. J. II. Eimltb-Hadden, a handsome dress ot black 
tulle, embrcldeied In gold, with diamond and emerald 

Mi-s. Robert Tyson, a black tulle, mads danolnR 
length, and cut low and embroidered In Jot ; diamond 
nee Id ace and stars. 

Miss Madeline Satterlee, danclnig dress made ot 
many skirts of plain white tulle, garlanded with whito 
violets of the low corsage and skirt; bououet also 
of white violets. 

Mrs. Samuel Colgate, white satin tobe. en train, 
trimmed with garniture ot pearls. 



Miss Stella Barney, pink silk gown with overdress 
of Japanese orepe, and garniture of trailing arbutus. 

Mrs. M. & Ayers, gold wrought white silk, with 
trimmings of white lace. 

Mrs. H. Victor Newcomb, black and white, tulle; 
diamonds. Miss Newcomb, pink tulle with garlands 
of violets and pearl ornaments. 

Miss Leary, rich costume of white silk, on train, 
trimmed with point lace; corsage out square and 
filled In with lace ; diamond ornaments. 

Miss Artiiur, simple gown of white tulle and lace 
with pink i-osee. 

Miss Allen, garnet plush train with petticoat of 
pink faille Francalse. 

Mrs. Clarence Belafield, Russian blue velvet, en train, 
over a petticoat of blue satin, embroidered In silver 
sun-flowers ; corsage and hand bouquet of American 
beauty roses; diamonds. 

Mrs. C. M. Callahan, court train of pearl-gray 
brocade with satin fi?ont wrought In cut steel; la 
France roses and diamonds. 

Miss Klrkland, white embroidered luUe over com- 
coloi'ed silk ; bodice garnltured with popples and wheat ; 
omamonts diamonds. 

Mrs. Ella Moody, Dlrectolre coat of hellotlrope vel- 
vet over an accordion pleated sWrt of white tulle: 
lilacs and hyacinths; pearl ornaments. 

Mrs. Warren Higley, Empire gown of white China 
Bilk, embroidered In wLlte and gold roses, and hand- 
some diamond necklace and pendant 

Mrs. Elliott Cones, of Washington, gown of antlqTie 
brocade, lavender-colored silk, covered with roses 
and green leaves ; turquoise and pearls. 

Mrs. M. Louise Thomas, ex-piesldent of Borosls, 
wine-colored velvet In train, point lace, and an old- 
fashioned locket containing the portrait of some 
Colonial ancestor. 

Mrs. Gordon, of Georgia, black velvet, princess front 
and court train, point lace and handsome diamonds. 

Miss Gordon, white tulle over satin. Emnire skirt 
and corsage ; garniture of sweet peas and green grasses. 

Miss Isabel Smith, Nllo-green tulle over satin, looped 
with bunches of clover leaves and blossoms; orna- 
ments emeralds and diamonds. 

Mrs. J. M. Robertson, pale rose faille Francalse. com- 
bined with olive velvet, low-cut corsage, trimmed with 
rose marabout feathers ; roses and handsome diamond 

Mrs. Mary E. Bryan, white lace over black moire. 
low corsage, trimmed with scarlet pomegranate blooms ; 
ornaments pearls and rubles. 

Mrs. William S. Livingston, turquolse-blue brocade, 
with old rose satin, trimmed with old point lace, maxle 
Dlrectolre train; Jewels, diamonds and pearls. 




The Art and Exhibition Committee, with Henry 

G-. Marquand at its head, made one of the salient 

features of the celebration out of an exhibition 
which at first promised very meagre results. 
Their object was to collect as many portraits and 
relics of Colonial and Revolutionary times as 
GOuld be procured, to arrange them in a public 
museum, and to furnish in this way an authorita- 
tive list of these historic mementoes. At first 
many who owned these relics were extremely re- 
luctant to lend them for purposes of exhibition, 
and some of the most valuable examples arrived 
after the exhibition had been opened. In the 
end, however, tib.e collection proved to be one of 
remarkable interest and importance in each of 
its departments. 

In the gallery of portraits were hung the like- 
nesses made from life of nearly all the chief 
actors in the drama of American independence. 
The series of Washington was almost complete, 
showing the appearance of the first President at 
various periods of his life, and under the varying 
aspects in "which t^e artists of the time viewed him. 
while the series of portraits of public men were 

of commanding interest, perhaps one of the most 
pleasurable features of the gallery was the largo 
number ol likenesses of bright and beautiful 
women who lent poetry and romance to the 
sternest reahties of years of trial. Besides the 
strong.faced soldiers and statesmen were seen 
the delicate features of some of the belles of the 
Kevolutionary epoch, women scarcely less distin. 
guished than their fathers, brothers and husbands. 
Among the relics were many objects which were 
used by Washington in peace and in war. His 
writing desk, pen and ink bottle, a suit of his 
CiOthes, shoe and knee buckles, sword, pistols, 
camp kit, the candlestick which he used at Mt. 
Vernon, and a flute. Indeed, the list comprised 
nearly all the known relics of Washington, which 
were lent by descendants of his family and by 
the various museums and art collections to which 
they belong. In general, the collection of relics 
furnished a complete picture of colonial times, 
embracing as it did many specimens of the house- 
hold furniture and implements, the dress and 
ornaments worn by men and women, the arms 
used in war, and something to represent nearly 
every phase of the life of the people. 

A department of great value and interest was 
fchat supplied by the Fellowcraft Club, being a 
collection of early colonial and American news- 
papers. In these are found recorded in quaint style 
the leading Incidents of the National history. 
A few are dated back more than 100 years. In a 
copy of Claypoole's American Daily Advertiser, 
printed at Philadelphia, July 14, 1798, was seen 
a verbatim report of Washington's Farewell Ad- 
dress. The copy exhibited was Wasliington's owti, 
and on the margin was an addition written In 
his hand. Among the newspaper curiosities of 
extreme interest were : a copy of the first number 
of " Carey's Pennsylvania Evening Herald," the 
first evening newspaper printed in the united 
States, this nimiber having appeared in Phila- 
delphia January 25, 1785 ; the " Federal Orrery," 
Philadelphia, edited by Thomas Paine (Vol. nij 
No. 39). March 3, 1796; "The Independence 
Chronicle and Universal Advertiser," Boston, 
December 23, 1799, with the announcement of 
Washington's death; several numbers of the 
" Boston Gazette," afterward named the " Inde- 
pendent Chronicle," containing accounts of Wash- 
ington's funeral, a letter of Martha Washington 
to President Adams, an announcement of the 
death of Samuel Adams, and other first drafts 
of history ; the ** Western Star," printed at Stock- 
bridge. Mass., October 22. 1793. with an announce- 
ment of the death of John Hancock, January 
14,' 1800, statements concerning Washington's 
illness, by James Craik, attending physician, and 
Elisha C. Dick, consulting physician ; January 28,1 
the oration on the death of Washington delivered 
at the request of Congress by Major-General Henry 
Lee ; the " Gazette of the Qnited States," April 24, 
1790, with an announcement of the death of 
Benjamin Franklin,' and the resolution of the 
House of Eepresentatives that the members should 
wear mourning for one month; June 12, with an 
account of the funeral of General Israel Putnam ; 
the same paper, April 15, 1789, with an account 
of the election of Washington and Adams, and 
the rules adopted by House for the transaction 
of business ; the the " Pennsylvania Packet and 
Daily Advertiser." September 19, 1787, with the 
first copy of the Constitution given to the American 
public. In the long list there was scarcely a 
newspaper that did not have some record of value. 
The exhibit of autographs, original letters and 
books containing the names of their celebrated 
owners was anotJier intensely interesting section 
of the collection, while the beautiful miniatures 
and rich services of silverplate that belonged to 
some of the best-known Revolutionary families 
astonished even those mo&t famihar with the 
luxury of the present time. The exhibition was 
opened to the public in the Assembly Booms '*■' 
the Metropolitan Opera House April 18, and t 
closed on May 8. 
















Sunrise.— AitJllery salutes. 

S a. m.— Special religiouB service at St. Paul's 
Chapel, attended by President Harrison and 
invited guests. Services In all the other 
9 r46.— Literary exercises on Sub-Treasury Steps, 
Wall and Nassau sts., preceded by a eonoert 
by Gilmoce's band lasting aa hour. 
10.— Military parade begittB, head ot oolumD start- 
ing (com Wall-st. and Broadway. 
Noon.— President Harrison reaches reviewing stand 

at Madison Square. 
6 :30 p. m.— Banquet at Metropolitan Opera House. 
8.— Free open-air concert at Madison Square by 

German singing sooietdes. 
Uucing the evening.— Fireworks at the (oUowing 
places: Battery Park; Union Square; Canal 
Street Parle; Washington Square; Tompldns 
Square; East Eivec Parle, Eighty-third-st. and 
East Kiver; Mount Morris Park; Plaza, Filty- 
Dinth-st. and Kighth-ave. ; One-hundred-and- 
fotR'-seventJi-Bt. and One-hundred-aad-fortT- 
eighth-st. and St. Nioholas-ave. 

(Beprlnlea tram Tbe Trlbuns, May 1.) 
O Otty BltMnK by On Bwl 
How pTDua ths lUy (hat tewned on titee, 
Wben the aetr en. Ions deslnd, b^U, 
Aod. in lU need, ths hooi Iwd rannd the mu I 
Equally proud tbe day that rounded out the 
Ilrst oentury begun by t^e day thus sung by the 
country's laureate? Who that saw yesterday's 
celebration will think it unworthy ot rjia occasion F 
Who that will read about it, not having seen It, 
^111 be able, even leebly, to imagine its glories? 
The Tribune's desoTtptlvo writers vrill do muoh^ 
but whether the record will recall the feEtivi^ 
with becoming vividness and Inspire a titlie ol the 
enthnsiBsm which kept tlie great heart or New- 
York palpitating with patriotic feeling from sun- 
rise till long attec sunset, and astonished tho 
millions ot lookers-on, remains to be seen. Word. 
pictures cannot do everything; they can but weak- 
ly and incompletely image such elemental emo- 
tfoaa as were quickened by yesterday's occurrences 

to an Intensity never telt betoro. Figures and 
letiospeotlon may, perhaps, stir the lancy and 
liclp to vitalize the leoord. 

One bundred years after George Washington 
took the oath of office as President on the porch 
of old Federal Hall, Benjamin Harrison, a great- 
fcandson of one of the illustriouB men who bad 
Pelped him to fashion this great free Government 
stood on the same spot, on the same stone, and 
tested his hand on the Bible whose oovet ti» 
llrst President's lips bad touched wltli a rever. 
mtial kiss, while the blesaings o( Heaven were 
Evoked on the Nation by a divine whose patriot- 
ism, learning and piety have made him known 
throughout the land. While listening to the elo- 
quence ot one of America's foremost orators he 
mt in the chair which Wsishington had used 
aX Lis Inauguration, Just as an hour before he 
bad sat tn the pew of St. Paul's Chapel where 
Washington sat and taken part In a secvloe of 
prayer and thanksgiving, conducted by the suo- 
cessor of that Bishop ot New-York whose firivi. 
lege it was to ask DivL'ie guidance tor the man 
who bad obtained liberty tor his countrymen by 
tbe Eword, and was now called uiion to direct Its 
desbuies by the ezoroise of bis wisdom, patriotism 
and forbeatanoe. When Washington sat at the 
memorable services in St. Paul's, he was attended 
by the Vice-President, the Speaker of the two 
Hausen of Congress, " and all who attended tbe 
Inauguration ceremony." His successor yester- 
day was accompanied by two ex- 
Presldents of the United States, the 
Vice-Presldeot, tbe Governors ot several States, 
the members of his Cabinets several ex-Cabinet 
Ministers, many high officers ot the Array and 
Navy, and a host of dignitaries ot lower orders. 
As part ot the inauguration ceremonies the fliet 
{Resident witnessed a parade of the miUtary; the 
, marshal and his aides; a troop of horse and one 
of artillery ; two companies of grenadiers ; a com- 
pany of light infantry ■■ and the battalion men" ; 
a company in the uniform of Scotch Hicblanders 
who kept step to tbe music of the bagpipes; In 
all a gallant army ot 500 men, whose " appearance 
was quite pretty," and who " made a good figure" 
aa they lined the street after having escorted the 
President to ohotoli. 

Yes't«rday President Harrison also viewed a 
raiUtary parade arranged to do glory to his high 
oifice and oommemorati! tbe Arst omtetuuy ot its 
establishment. In it were tbe Governors of tbe 
tliirteen original States and nine others a^ Pom< 
manding officers of tbe National Guard of twenty- 
two commonwealths, tbe State troops numbering 
GO.OOO at a low estimate, tn other words, in 
this magnificent celebration ot the fruila of peace 
a larger army, twice over, was conoemed than 
the Continental Congress called to place under the 
command ot General WasblcKton In 1776. Tbe 
military procession which General and President 
Harrison reviewed was one hundred times aa large 
as that which escorted General and President 
Washington to Federal Hall and afterward to St. 
Paul's ChapeL 

Do not such figures and TeHecUonn open a 
proud and Interesting vista of Na- 


'UoiulI Etowth and place hixti tlie stund- 
titd of :biierieaii patrioysmP But. the ijoii is not 
yet. One hundred yearH ago all the oitlzenB of 
Kew-York might easily have bee:a aocommodated on 
two oc thice of the stands erected by the Centen- 
nial Committee for the aooommodation of those 
Who wished to see yesterday's parade. Nor need 
we stop at Ncw-Yorlt City to find bases of com- 
paiisoQ. When Waeliington took the oath of office 
100 years ago yesterday he became the Executive 
Iie&d of a Nation of people scarcely more numeious 
than the host that was In distinct touch with 
yeeterday's festivity. Had New-Hampshice, Massa- 
cbusettB, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Ncw-Toik, 
New-Jwsey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, 
Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and 
Georgia a century ago marshalled thoir entire 
population on Eoms vast plain the number would 
not have been much greater than the multilude that 
came directly under the InHuence of yesterday's 
celebration, that took part in the parade or wit- 
nessed It, or at least came tor a time -within the 
currents that swirled and rushed and eddied along 
the great avenue through which the thousands of 
Sallant and bravely dressed soldiers marched. Had 
euch a hno ot march been laid out for the 500' 
who made an appearance that was " quite pretty"" 
when Washington was Inaugurated, it would have 
required more inspiriting music than that of the 
Sootohman's chanter pipes and drone to make the 
walk full four miles beyond the city limits some- 
tiungelse than a weariness to the flesli. Ah I yea; 
Buoh a celebration has Its uses besliies 
the delight of the eye, which loves 
the glitter of gay uniforms and the rhythmical 
movement of an army in motion. It has mur- 
vellaus puissance as a promoter of patriotism 
and as an object lesson in hietor.v. 

The elements gave their benediction to the 
festival, and the sides smiled all day. Better 
weather could not be imagined; not cold enough 
tfl bring disGOmforl to the sightseers who aat 
without motion for hours, nor warm enough 
to incommode the marchers. The rains of last 
week had washed the pavements tree from dirt, 
and there was no possibility of dust. The city 
gave Itself up to enjoyment ot the pageant, and 
ewmpllfied es never before the genial Influeuou 
of a universal pride and happiness. Hundreds 
ot thousands wore badges of the National trl- 
Mlor, and though' the procession lasted fot hours, 
the fiices of the spectators seemed at the close 
as radiant as the pretty ornaments which they 
lad pinned on their breasts or at their throats 
it the motning. Others may attempt to describe 
the crowds that hucd the streets and avenues 
which were the clianncl of the pageant. 

After all has been written the imagination 
would best be depended on to delineate the real 
picture. Populate Broiid^vay and Fifth-ave, 
as densely as you please, leaving 
scarcely' room' enough for the moving 
column, stop at no obstacles, mount plut- 
fotms of observation tor every conceivable place 
that offered an advantage, flit thi cross-streets 
with platforms erected on trucks and vehicles 
of all kinds; give to each of the mj-tiad ot 

windo'wB its own group of eager EightBeers, peroli 
them on ootnioes, on roots, on spires and domeiL 
tudm City Hall and Union and Jladison 
Squares into groat eeas of humanity with influeni 
and ellluent curronta that flow like a river till 
tnent is stayed because there is no further 
for it, dot this darlc mass with Innumerable 
BtmtB of red, white and blue, project it up and 
down the great thoroughfare for ftve miles, en- 
dow it witi the capaeit.v ot breaking out at In- 
tervals with an irruption of fluttering white, 
which moves along synchronougiy with some 
courtly horseman or high dignitary whom the peo- 
ple love to honor— exercise your fancy in paint- 
ing such A picture, beautified, varied and height- 
ened by a thousand and one details which baffle 
the recorder, raise it to the highest [lower of a 
final and supreme effort, and you will hFive a taint 
and incomplete idea ot what yesterday's speotnole 
was like. 

At night the Centennial Banquet toolr place 
in the metamorphosed Opera House. 
Many men ate and drank to the 
memor.y of the past, the glory ot the presents and 
the promise of the future, while orators poured 
out their eloquence like sparkling wine, and 
beautitul women looked and listened and longed 
in the galleries. Mtsinwhile, in Madison Square, 
thousand B ot tuneful Germans, wlio brought 
to this country a fervent devoid on for 
liberty and also an ardent love for the arts and 
customs that embelUshcd their social life In their 
native land, raised their voices in Joyous song. 
And the second day ot the festival was ended. 



Impressive and inspiring were the services ot 
thanUsgiviuB held in St. Paul's Chapel Tuesday 
morning at 9 o'clock. President Harrison and 
Vice-President Morton sat in the Washington pew 
on the north side of the historic building, while 
Governor Ilill and his staiff occupied the pew 
which Governor Clinton formerly oooupled. Ex- 
President Hayes and ex-President Cleveland sat 
In a front pew, wliilo Governors, Senators, Cabi- 
net ofllcors, judges, generals, clergymen and scores 
of other men prominent in the affairs ot the city. 
State and Nation, and women known In social 
and literary lite, took part in the special service 
prepared by Bishop I'otter, and listened t-o the 
scholarly address delivered by him. 

For more than a week the church building 
bad been thrown open Ui the public, and thousands 
had pnesed through its broad aisles, lingering 
long beside the pew In which the first President 
\vMsh)[iped whan In this city. The pew itself 
has given way to one ot more simple propoi- 
liont, but the old lines were tnllcwed in building 
the new pew. As President Harrisoa rested hia 
head on the buck ot the pew in front ot him, dur- 
ing a part of the aervice, his parting word- 
his friends at Indianapolis were reoalltd. Vs? i 
present. " llitie \s a. stwA Wivaw ^A Vtro^ 



he saidf ** in the discharge of high publio duties. 
The moment of decision is one of isolation. But 
there is One Whose help comes even into the 
quiet chamber of judgment^ and to Whose wise 
and unfailing guidance I will look for direction 
and guidance." 

The church was beautifully decorated 
with flags and flowers. Simplicity and 
richness characterized every feature from the 
smilax inteitwincd about the chandeliers, with 
the large rose suspended from the c^tre, to 
the valuable flags of the Society of the Cincinnati, 
under which the President and his party passed 
twice. Palms, azaleas, hydrangeas, tropical plants 
and flowering shrubs were placed about the 
pulpit and in the vnndows. The emblems over 
the pews in which President Harrison and Gov- 
ernor Hill sat were appropriately decorated. 
Flags and shields were also freely used in adding 
to the beautiful appearance of the room. 

Leo Eofler, the choirmaster and organist of 

St. Paul's, had charge of the musical programme 

which was as follows: 

Processional, Hymn 409 ..Old Hiuidred 

Paalter: Psalm 85 G. A. Macfairen 

Psalm 122 B. I^. Rlmbault 

Te Deiim Laudamus in E flat for double chorus, 

R. P. Stewart 

Benedlclte Cportlon of) Henry Rogers 

Recessional **God Bless Our Native Land" 

Those who formed the double quartet were: 
Miss Bella L. Watson; first soprano; Miss Clara 
B.* Leek, second soprano; Miss Edith Tuttle, 
first alto ; Miss Florence N. Bachman, second alto ; 
George O'Reilly, first tenor; Robert Schreyvogel, 
second tenor; John F. Lutgens, first bass; Will- 
iam H. Harrison Kase. second bass. In the chorus 
were: Sopranos— Louise Pickenbach, Sophie 
Goegglemann, M. Demorest, Clara Ethel Merring- 
ton, Helen A. Gown, Mary K. Hines, and Gertrude 
Kimball. Altos— Susan Pfeiflfer, Anna Norwood 
Cowen, Mamie W. Plumb, Margaret A. MoGown 
and May Smith. Tenors— Fred. H. Cullom, 
Ernest Stephenson, Edmund J. Koch, E. McGown 
and G. R. Herri ck. Bassos— Thomas Smith, D. 
Ransom. George Rogers and W. S. Cerren. 


The Vestry of Trinity Church met the President 
and Vice-President at the Vesey-st. gate of St. 
Paul's church-yard shortly before 3 o'clock, and 
escorted them to the west porch of the chapel, 
where they were met by the rector of Trinity 
Parish, the rector of St. PauPs and the Bishops 
and Archdeacons who were to take part in the 
service. These are the members of tiie Vestry: 
Wardens— Stephen P. Nash and Allan Campbell. 
Vestrymen— Henry Drisler, Charles H. Contoit, 
John H. Caswell, Richard T. Auohmuty, Thomas 
Egleston, Walter H. Lewis, Thomas L. Ogden, 
Bowie Dash; Stephen V. R. Cruger, William Jay, 
Nathaniel P. Bailey, Edmund D. Randolph, Her- 
mann H. Cammann, George A. Robbins, Alexander 
Hamilton, George M. Coit, Elihu Chauncey, Rich- 
ard Delafleld, William W. Astor, Frederick Clark- 

The President was escorted down the middle 

misJe to bis pew by Mr. Nash, the senior warden, 

followed by Mi, Morton on the arm of Mr. 

Campbell, the junior warden. The vestrymen fol- 
lowed and took their seats in the pews reserved 
for them adjoining the President's pew- The 
members of the Cabinet were also seated near 
the President. Ex-President Hayes and ex- 
President Cleveland sat side by side in a front 
pew, ex-Secretary Bayard sitting beside Mr. 
Hayes and Senator Evarts near Mr. Cleveland. 
Lieutenant-Governor Jones sat next to the Demo- 
cratic ex-President. Others present included: 
General Sherman, Senator Sherman, Senator IngaUs, 
Chauncey M. Depew, General Alexander S. Webb, presi- 
dent of the Oollege of the Oltj of New-York, the Govemora 
of several States, Major-General O. O. Howard, William R 
Dodge, Cyrus W. Field, Judge Blatchford, M. Romero, the 
Mexican Minister ; John B. Ireland, Kobert C. WInthrop, of 
Massachusetts; J. M. Montgomery, Greneral J. W. 
Ilusted, ex-Mayor Wlctcham and lils uncle, the Rev. J. B. 
WIckham, of Manchester, Vt. who was born two years 
before Washington died; ex-Congressman S. V. White, 
President E. D. Randolph, of the Continental National 
Bank ; President W. L. Bull, of the New- York Stock Ex- 
change; Mayor Grant, Hamilton Fish, jr., Jfilbrldge 
T. Gerry, Clarence W. Bo wen, John A. King, John Austin 
Stevens, John Emmons, General Greely, of the Weather 
Bureau; James P. Sparkman, Father liavelle, of the 
Cathedral; Father Osborne, of Boston; Hamilton Fish, 
Piesident Potter, of Hobarb College; Colonel Ehlers and 
John D. Jones. 

Mrs. Harrison, Mrs. Morton; Mrs. "Russell B. 
Harrison, Mrs. McKee, Mrs. Windom, Mrs. Rusk, 
Miss Rusk, and Miss Murphy, of St. Paul, were 
under the escort of Colonel John M. Wilson, Super- 
intendent of Public Buildings at Washington, and 
sat near the Con.mittee on Literary Exercises. 


The Aisle Committee had been appointed by the 
Centennial Committee, in accordance with a desire 
to give prominence to the members of historical 
families. The members were : 

David Augustus Clarkson, chairman, a descendant of 
Chancellor Livingston, warden In 1785, and of David Clark- 
son, warden in 1770. Howland Pell, secretary, a descend- 
ant of John Pell, Lord of the Manor of Pelham, 1669. 
Hallett Alsop Borrowe, representing the Hallett and Alsop 
families. Temple Bowdoln, a descendant of General Alex- 
ander Hamilton. Amory Sibley Carhart, a great-great- 
grandson of Major Cornelius Carhart, and of Colonel Joseph 
Beavers, of the Revolutionary Army. Banyer Clarkson, 
a descendant of Chief Justice Jay, warden in 1789, and of 
General Matthew Clarkson, vestryman in 1789. John 
Langdon Erving, great- great-grandson of John Langdon, 
first president pro tem. of the Senate. Dr. John Clark- 
son Jay, jr., great-grandson of Chief Justice John Jay, 
Edward A. Leroy- jr., a descendant of Jacob Leroy, ves- 
tryman. Plilllp L. Livingston, a great-great-grandson of 
Philip Livingston, signer of the Declaration of Independ- 
ence. Edward de Peyster Livingston, a descendant of 
Chancellor Robert R. Livingston. William Lord McVlok- 
ar, a descendant of Dr. Samuel Bard, president of the Col- 
lege of Physicians and Surgeons in New-York, and vestry- 
man In 1788. Richard Malcolm Montgomery, a descendant 
of General William Malcolm, colonel commanding 2d New- 
York Infantry, 1776 and 1778 ; brigadier-general command- 
ing militia. New- York and Richmond counties, at the in- 
auguration of Washington. Newbold Morris, great- great- 
grandson of Lewis Morris, signer of the Declaration of 
Independence. Ludlow Ogden, representing the Ludlow 
and Ogden families. T. J. Oakley Rhinelander, great- 
grandson of Henry Cruger. Wlnthrop Rutherford, a de- 
scendant of Colonel John Rutherford, of the Revolution, 
and vestryman In 1787. William H. Russell, a descendant 
of the Alexander and Rutherford families. Samuel 
Auchmuty Tucker, a descendant of the Rev. Dr. Samuel 
Auchmuty. rector from 1764 to 1777. Augustus Van 


OoiHindC Jr., greit-Ereat-snnilBoa ol Auguatm Tan Oort- 
Undl, veBUymim In ITM. ClUrlaB Viu R^UKliW, rep- 
iwwitlDE Clio Vmu Bensaelser [iinllT. Robeit T. V»- 
BUS, npteaentlDg Genenl Junu H. Vanum. JohD 
mioWOa Walavrlghi, sreit-Ereit-BniadBOU ol Cbuigellor 
IdTlnisloii, and J. KaoU Webb, grandaon ol Genaral 
BkuiMl B. Webb. 


As the Etiains of " Old Hundred" pealed forth 
bom the organ, these eletBy"^^! attired la their 
EobM or office, took their places in the chancel: 
lUflhop Totter, ifishcp UtUeiohn, of Long Mand; 
Ulehop ftrry, of Iowa; Bishop D. Quintard, of 
Tetmeesee; AiohdeaconB Alexandec Mackay-Smlth, 
W. P. Thomas, F. a. Van Kleeok, H. Q. ZlBgeiifuBa 
and Johnson; the Kev. Dr. Morgan Dlx, rector of 
Tilnity l^rlsh, and the Kev. Dr. Mulohahey, roo- 
to( of St. Paul's. 

Dr. Dix began the service by ceadlng several 
nnes of Scripture. Following the Lord's Prayer 
eame a pn^ei of thanksgiving, 

O Qod, iclioH Dime li excellenc In all Uie earth, lad 
wbeae gloty la »bDve Om hBavana : We bleaa Thee for ttie 
■leat ChlDgB lima haat done and art dolna Cei tbe cbLl- 
4mi oC men. Wa eonsldei tbe days "t e'^L "« f^ais 
of analent ttmei, and unu Thee do we gtve thsnU. 
ICoreovu, we yield Thee moat bigli ptelae (or ihe woader- 
fot Kraoe and viitne declared In »U Uuwe Th7 cblldren 
who have been the llghu ol the world .In tbeli aeveral 
(•noiatlana. Bm ralalug up Th; aarvanC George Wasli' 
iDlton, and giving blm (o be a leader and commaadeT 
(a bba people, tor voachaeDng K> blm Che vloiory over 
kJnga, and tor beatowing upon him many exceUeni 
Sin«i loc Inclining Che hearts ot men In Congress ta- 
MBbled b> wlae choleaa, and (or granting chsm vlelon 
•I the day* to eomei Cor a aetcled conaUtuUoo. and tai 
•qnal lanai lor freedom to do the thing Uiac la right, 
and liberty to aay the Crulh: for (he ipread of hnonledge 
•rarywhere among wt, and tor (he preaervatlon ot tbe 
faith; we bleaa taA magnify Thy holy Hame, humbly 
bMeeehing Thee to accept thla out aacilflca ot thanks 
and praise, through Jeana ChrlaC, our only Saviour and 


Bishop LltHejohn read a part ot the XUVtb 
chapter ot the Hook ot Jilcolestastlcus ; the second 
laKon was read by Bishop Qulntard from the 
Vmth ohapter ot the Gospel according to Hi. 
John. Dr. Uulohahey offered the closing prayers, 
that tor the President of the Dnlted States and all 
In oivll authority reading as follows: 

Almighty BoiL the fountain of all goodneaa, we humbly 
bMseoh Thee to bleaa Thy aaivant, Benlamln narrlBoa, 
Pretfdent ot the United Statea, hla counsaUota, and all 
oUiera In autborlCy. Endue them with Thy Holy Spirit: 
•orloh (bem with Thy Heavenly grace ; prosper tbem with 
fii hipplnaaa; and bring tbem to Thine everlasting klng- 
AoB 1 through Jeans Ohrlat oni Lord. 

For the eonntiy this prayer was offered : 

Almighty Ood who In Che (ormar time didst lead our 
tM&eca forth Into a wealthy place: Qlve Thy grace, we 
humbly beseech Thee, to na their children, that we may 
always ipprovs ontselvea a people mindful of Tb; favor 
Md Blad to do Thy will. Bleaa our land with honorable 
iBdsatry, sonnd learning and pnre mannsra. Detsnd oui 
IlbeiUaa, jireaerva our nnicy. Save n* from violence, dla- 
MMl and eonfnaion, from pride and arrogance, and Iram 
■Tvy svll way. Fa^ilon Into one happy people He 
BmltltmdM bmnghe bJther out oC many kindreds and 
iMinm Sudne with the aplrlt of wlBdom those whom we 

■w aart aa^ Ulete be peaoa at home and that we keep >. 
B at the eaith. In the time ot 
I hearts with tbinktninesa ; and In the 

which we ask lor Jesus GhrlaVa sake. 


After the ohoir had sang tlie hymn " Blsej 

Urowned With Light, Imperial Salon, yise," 

Bishop Potter ascended the pulpit and delivered 

an address, in which he referred to the tender 
associations connected with the hour, and called 
upon those who honored Wabhlngton to onulaco 
aim In his principles. His oharecterlzatdon ot 
" JetlerBonlan slmpUoitff" as " Jacksonlan vul- 
garity" caused a slight ripple la the large audi- 
ence. The address was as follows: 

One hundred fears ago there Knelt within theas 
wnlls a man to whom, above all otbora in Its history, 
Lhls ^:ition la Indetilted. An Ungllshman by race and 
Uiieage, he Incarnated In his own nerson and character 
every best trait and atcrlbuta that have made tta* 
AnKlo-SniDn name a glory to lU DMldien and a terror 
to Its enemies throughout the world. But be was 
□ot BO mucb an Bugllshman that, vbea the time 
tame for him to be so. he waa not even more an 
American : and In all that he waa and did, a patriot 
Eo exalted, and a leader great and wise, that what 
men colled him when he came here to be Inaugurated 
OB the first President ot the United Statea the cIvlLiad 
world has not slnoe then ceased tn esll him — tha 
Father of bis Country. 

We are here this mi _ _._ 

thank God for so great a bI" to this people, 

hundredth anniversary, and to recognise the 
responsibilities which a century so eventful has laid 

And we are here of all other places, first ot all, 
with pre-eminent approprlateiiBsg. I know not bOfV 
It may be with those to whom all sacred things and 
places are matters of equai Indifference but auiely 
to those of us to vhom It is otherwlEe It cannot bs 
without protcund and pathetio Import that when the 
first President of the Eepubllo had tahen upon him, by 
virtue ot bis solenm oath, pronounced In tbe sight ol 
all the people, the heavy burden of Its Chief MaglB- 
trocy, he turned strolglitway to these wuUa, and 
kneeling iti yonder pew ashed God lor strength to 
keep his promise to the Nation and Ms oath to lum. 

This holy house was no unwontsU home to him, nor 
to a largo proportion ol those eminent men who, with 
blm, were assodated In framing the Constitution of 
these tTnlled Blates. Children of the same spiritual 
Mother and nurtured In the same Scriptural faith and 
order, they were wont to carry with them Into their 
public deliberations something ol Che same reverent 
and conservative spirit which they had learned within 
Ihese walls, and of which tiie youthful and lll-regulat«d 
lervors ol the new-born Kepubllo often betrayed ila 
need. And he, their leader and chief, wbll« singu- 
larly without cant, or formalism, or pretence In hla 
religious habits, was penetrated, as we hnow well, by 
a profound Ecnse of the dependence of the Bepubllo 
upon a Uuld&nce other than that of man, and ol his 
own need, of a strength and courage and wisdom 
greater than he hod in bimselt 

And so, with Inexpressible tenderness and rever> 
ence, we find ourselves thlnklna at blm here. bDee^ 
Ing to ask for such gifts, and l£ea rising to go forth 

.. ,.1. . ..„i,, „r.k ™i,ji JO august and maJeaQo 

_.. -_. beside him In this chapel, 
mt In the pew with the President, 

,t tasba with 

and must assure you 
I still think ol 

9 ol our 

. ttwi 

,. think of him, I lai; 

and Indeed It la impossible to think otherwise. The 
modem student ot history has endeavored to tell 
us how It was that the gorvlce in tbis onapel wbloh 
we are striving to reproduce this morning originally 
came about. The record U not without obtcurlty, 
but of one thing we may be sure— that to him who; 
ot that goodly company who a hundred years ago 
gathered within these walls, was chief, It was no 
empty form, no decorous affectation. Events had 
been loo momentous, the hand ol a Heavenly Provi- 
dence bad been too plain tor him and the men who 
were grouped about Aim then to misread the one 
or to mlsta^ the other. The easy levity with which 
their children's children debate tJio facts of Q-" 
and Du^, and Eternal Deedoy wsa »a \«fv«a 
to them as Palth anft B.6-jb«.^m, «»m. ■^ M», ■ 
ho In ianeor at ^«rotiAui, \a viro* ox ■•»> » 


-e thai. H-hen thoi [[ilbered lier 
and bearts u well aa lie»d] wai 

„_. jUcKflon. 

For, ifler »11, thoir great eiporlmoni was Ihen ! 

oull itniggle tor Union, tbe barmonlElnK of the varluu 
ud often apparently eonfllatlnR Interests of rlvii.1 am 
Mnntn Slatei and seeOoDS, tbe fonriulatlne and adopt 
iDg of the National Conatltutlon— all these were after 

and preparatory t< 

It has been BUgEeslod I , .._ 

_ eroQt whioh we celebrate (o-dar an fltu 
o( ttoEfl great principles upon which all Qiiv. 

lOEO great prlndi 

Sary'rorthR corporate life Dr~VhB NHlion a^ oniciociioii 
tn Its T^iecntlve, of the tranamlBglon, by due guoees- 
BloD, ot authority, and tbe like; of all of whlah, doubt- 
less, In the history ot the lost 100 years we have aa 
tntereallDg and on the irhole InsplrInK example. 
But It ts a somewhat atgnlflcant fact that It Is not 
along lines snoh w tliese that the entbnslaam whioh 
baa fiamed out daring tLese recent days and weeha. as 
HiIs anniversary bas approaohwi. has seemed to move. 
The one thing that hu, I ImaElne. amazed a good 
man7 cynical and pewlmUUo peopia amonE us is the 
may In which the ardor of a Rreat people's love and 
homage and gratitude tiaa Mndled, not before the Im- 
age of a mechanism, but of a man. It has been felt 
irtth an unerring Intuition whlob baa, once and a«a1n 
and again In human hi s_'oi7, been^the^attrlbute ot the 

life, I 

operation that Constitution which Mr 

Oladatone haa deolared " the most perfeot Instnunent 
which the wit of man haa devised' ; but that It oale- 
bratea the beginning of an Administration whleb, by 
Ita lofty and atalnleaa Intf^ty. by Iti absolute su- 
parlorlty to selflsb or secondary motlvee, by Ita recti- 
tude ot dally conduct In tbe face of whatsoever 
threats, blandlshmenta or comblnadons. rather than 
by the ostentatloua pharisoolBin or Its professlona. has 
taught thia Nation and the world forever what the 
(anatlan ruler of a Christian people ought to be. 

I jlrM to no man In my veneration for tbe men 
who framed the compact under which these Etates 
are bound together, nor tor that great Instrument It^ 
aelt No one can eaally exaggerate their lervloes 
or the value of tii*t which they wrought out But, 
after all, we may not forget to-day that the thing 
whleh they made was a deed and not a Lvlng thing. 
It had no power to Interpret itself, to apply Itself, 
to execute llaolf. Splendid aa It was In Ita com- 

Elex and forecasting mechanlaro, InEtlnot aa It was, 
1 one sense, with a noble wisdom, a large-vlsloned 
■tatcemanshlp, a matchless adaptability Id untried 
emergencies, It was, nevertheless, no different In 
another aspect from one of those splendid spcRlmens 
of naval arohlteoturo which throng our wharves 
yonder this morning, and which, with every beat 
oontrivsnce ot human art and ahJIl, with capacities 
of progress which nowly amaze us every day, are 
but Impotent, diead matter, save as the brain and hand 
of man shall summon and command them. "The ship 
of sta.te," we say. 7ea; but It Is tdie cool and oom- 
peMnt mastery at tbe helm of that, «a of eveiy other 
■hip, which Ehall, under Ood, determine the ^ory or 
the Ignominy ot the voyage. 

Never was there a truth which more surely needed 
to be spoken I A generation which vaunts Its descent 
from the founders of the Republic seems largely to 
be In danger of forgetdne their pre-eminent distinction. 
They were few In numbers, they were poor In worldly 
possessions— the sum of the fortune of tbe richest 
of them would atlord a fine theme for the scorn of 
tbe plutocrat of to-day ; but they had an Invincible 
oonfldeDce In tbe truth of those princlplea In which 
the foundations ot the Republic had been laid, and 
they bad an unselflsh purpose * '-■-•- ■■- — ~ 

lo the character and conduct ot Washington and hli 
B»o«latei that It seems grotesque even to speak erf 
lU It would he Intereadng to Imagine t&a Onk 
President of the nnltad States eonfronted with tome 
one who bad ventured to approach him upon tin 
basil of what Is now commonly called "praotlMl 


I Impossible. The loathing, 

, maJeBl 

ity with which 1 

wonld have 

I dignity with 

lost before bis 

.. -Id the slroDMrt 

and who bad applied to 

, replying to one who iiad the 

"- -^ hip, and who bad • . 

Df Ihe " PTMldent&I eunptign,' 

duct through life. 

to administer the I 

under no pre-engagement ot 

ever. And when In It, 1 — , — — — — 

ludgment, discharge the duties ot tbe office with that 
(mpartlallty and Eeal tor the public goo" — ■'-■ "-■ 

'er to suiter oonnectlons of blood 

have the least iway on declalona 

But t 
the out] 

by the "l, 

Inauguraflon, repIjIUK „ _. 

ololnii upon hU mendsblp, 

him during the progresB oflh. . ,— „_. 

aa we ahould aay, for the promise of an appolnbnieiil 
to office, be wrot« : " Id touching npon fiie more d^oat* 
part of your letter, the eommunfcAtlon ol which flili 
ne with real concern, 1 will deal with you with all 
that franbiese which U due to friendship, and whloh, 
' "■ — ■ — '■■ "— a cbaraolerlalic feature of my eon- 
Should It be my tala 
' will go to the Chali 
itnd or nature what- 
~ tbe beat ot my 

,„„ , o, office with that 

Impartiality and Eeal tor tbe public good which ondil 

.. — ,. — « — „. ,,, — .• — trlendialp 

a pabUe 

rHE HIGH i;evel 'whebe Washington movzd. 

On thIa hl^ level moved the first President of 
the Republic. To It must we who are the heirs ot 
her sacred Intere3ta be not unwilling to ascend. If 
we are to guard our glorious heritage: And Oils 
all the more becauae the perils whloh confront ua ten 
day are so much graver and more portentous than 
those whlDh then Impended. There Is (It we are not 
afraid of the wholesome medicine that there Is In 
consenting to see It), there la an element of Infinite 
sadness In the effort which we' are maUng to^ay. 
RansacUng the annals of our fathers, as we have 
been doing for the last few months, a busy and well- 
meaning assiduity would fain reproduce the seena, 
thd scenery, tbe situation, of a hundred years agol 
Vain and, Impotent endeavor! 

It Is as ttinugb out of the lineaments of living men 
we would fain reproduce another Washington. We 
may disinter the vanished draperies, we may revive 
the statdy minuet, we may rehabilitate the old 
scenes, but the mareb ot a — ' * *■- '--"-' 

tlQQ can neither be disguised nor Ignored. Then «. 
were, though not all ot us sprung from one nattonallty, 
pracUoallr one people. Kow, that steadily deteriorat- 
ing ptttcess, against whose dangers a great thinker 
ot our own century warned hla countrymen Juat lltlj 
years ago. goes on, on every hand, apace. "■"■- 

toe pattlsan service— Ibis i 

a conception e 

Weal of Nations," 

gacly prostitution of tbe noblest gift . _. 

on a people. Who shall respect a people who uu 
not respect their own blood? And how shall a Ns- 

1 ot everybody, was Sie u^eat ot tbt 

k difference in HUUNQ IDBAS.' 
And again ; Another enormoua difference between 
this day and that ot which it Is the anniversary, li 
to bo seen In the enormous dlfTerenoe In the Qatui* 
and Influence of the forces that determine our Nk- 
ttonal and political destiny. Then, Ideas ruled the 
hour. To-day, there are Indeed Ideas that rule ow 
hour, but they must be merobantable Ideaa. Tha 
growth ol weWth, the prevalence of luxury, tha 
massing ot large material forces, which by their 
very existence are a standing menace to the tree- 
dom and Integrity of the Individual, the Infinite swag- 
ger ol our American speech and manners, mlstaUng 
bigness for greatness, and sadly confounding gala 
and godliness— all this is a contrast to the austere 
simp IJ city, tbe unpurchasable Integrity of the tint 
days and the first men ot our Eepubllo, whloh makM 
it impossible lo reproduce to-day either the tempsr 
or the conduct ot our fathers. As w« turn the pagM 
backwaid, and come upon the story of that 30th (J 



April in the year of our Lord 1789, there Is a certain 
Btateliness in the air, a certain oeremonlousness in the 
mannergy which we have banished long ago. 

We have exchanged the Washlngtonian dignity for 
the Jeflersonlan simplicity, which was, in truth, only 
another name for the Jaoksonian vulgarity. And 
what have we gotten in exchange for it? In the elder 
States and dsmasties they had the trappings of royalty 
and the pomp and splendor of the King^s person to fill 
men's hearts with loyalty. Well, we have dispensed 
with the old titular dignities. Let us take care that 
we do not part with that tremendous force for which 
tihey stood 1 If thetre be not titular royalty, all the 
more need is there for personal royalty. If theire be 
no nobility of descent, all the more indispensable is it 
that there should be nobUity of afioent— a character in 
them that bear rule, so fine and high and pure, that as 
■len come within the circle of its influence, they in- 
voluntarily pay homage to that which Is the one pre- 
eminent distinction, the Koyalty of Virtue 1 

And it wajs that, men and brethren, which, as we 
turn to-day and look at him who as on this morning 
lufit an hundred years ago, became the seirvant of the 
Republic in becoming the Chief Ruler of its people, we 
must needs own, conferred upon him his divine right 
to rule. All the more, therefore, because the oiroum- 
stances of his era were so little like our own, we need 
to recall his im<age and, if we may, not only^to com* 
memorate, but to reproduce his virtues. The traits 
which in him shone pre-eminent as bur own Irving has 
described them, *< Firmness, sagacity, an immovable 
Justice, a courage that never faltered, and most of all 
a truth that disdained all artiflce," these are charac- 
teristics in her leaders of which the Nation was never 
in more dire need than now. 

And SO we come and kneel at this ancient and 
hallowed shrine where once he knelt, and ask that 
God would graciously vouchsafe them. Here in 
this holy house we find the witness of that one In- 
visible force which, because it alone can rule the 
conscience, is destined one day to rule the world. 
Out from airs dense and foul with the coarse passions 
and the coarser rivalries of self-seeking men, we turn 
aside as from the crowd and glare of some vulgar 

highway, swarming with pushing and ill-bred throngs, 
and tawdry and clamorous with bedizened booths 
and noisy speech, into some cool and shaded wood, 
where, straight to heaven, some majestic oak lifts its 
tall form, its roots imbedded deep among the unchanging 
rocks, iis upper branches sweeping the upper airs 
and nolding high commune with the stars; and as 
we think of him for whom we are here to thank God, we 
say, ** Such an one, in native majesty he was a ruler, 
wise and strong and fearless in the sight of God and 
men, because by the ennobling grace of God he had 
learned first of all to conquer every mean and 
■elfish and self-seeking aim, and so to rule himself I" For 

W hat are numbers knit 
By force or custom 1 Man who man would be 
Must rule the empire of himself— in It 
Must be supreme, establishing his throne 
Of vanquishea win, quelling the anarchy 
Of hopes and fears, being himself alonei 

Buch was the hero, the leader, the ruler, the patriot, 
whom we gratefully remember on this happy day. We 
may not reproduce his age, his young environment, nor 
hlML But none the less we may rejoice that once he 
lived and led this people, '' led them and ruled them 
prudently" like him, that Klnglv Ruler and Shepherd 
of whom the Psalmist sang. *^wlth all his power." 
God give us grace to prise his grand example, and, 
as we may in our more modest measure, to reproduce 
his virtues. 

After the address Bishop Potter read from a 
prayer-book once used by President Washington 
the prayer for rulers, and then pronounced the 
benediction. The President and Vice-President 
were escorted by the vestry of 'lYlnity Church up 
the north aisle to the piilpit, down to the porch, 
where they were received by the Committee on 
Literary Exercises and conducted to the oar- 
liages waiting to take them to the Sub-Treasury. 

Byeolal services were held in many of the city 
•knrehea In the morning. In the Brick Presbyterian 
Okiireh In Flfth-ave., the Old John Street Methodist 
■plseopal Church, the Baptist Church of the Epiphany, 
the Episcopal Church of the Incarnation and most of 

the Catholic churches these services were largely at- 
tended. The Collegiate Reformed churches united in 
a fine Centennial anniversary service at the church at 
Fifth-ave. and Twenty-ninth-st., in which all their 
churches in the city participated. A special pro- 
gramme was prepared, conducted by the Rev. I>r. 
Thomas E.^ Vetrmilye, the Rev. Dr. Talbot W. Cham- 
bors, Dr. Edward B. Coe, the Rev. Kenneth F. Junor, 
the Rev. Benjaman E. Dickhaut and the Rev. William 













The only purely literary exercises of the Ceni 
tennjal Celebration were compressed into the 
short space of fifty minutes. Though brief and 
simple, they were dignified, impressive, and in 
the truest sense worthy of the great occasion. 
The paucity of oratory in connection with this 
notable anniversary hiis been deplored by some;, 
in particular by Professor Felix Adler. who, if he 
could have had his own way, would have opened 
hundreds of throats and let a fiood-tide of elo- 
quence pour forth. And it must be said that the 
carrying out of that suggestion, to a certain extent 
at least, would not have been a bad idea, if the 
oratory and its accompaniments could all have 
been on the same high plane as that of the ex- 
ercises which took place yesterday morning in front 
ol the Sub-Treasury in Wall-st. 

A platform extending across the front of the 
building out to the sidewalk had been erected 
ther& It was on a level with John Quincy Adams 
Ward's heroic statue of George Washinffton. The 
space Immediately in front of the statue, where 
lies the stone on which the first President stood 
when taking the oath of ofiSce one hundred yean 
ago yesterday, was left uncovered. The platform 
contained seats for a thousand persons or more. 
At the middle of its front line a small balcony, 
jutting out a few feet over the street, had been 
built. The floor of this was raised a foot or lo 
above the floor of the platform. 

Between the Sub-Treasury and the Assay Offloe 
was a platform for P. S. Gilmore's popular band,, 
which played many soul-stirring selections before 
the arrival of the President and the opening of 
the literary exercises. The concert began at 6:10 
o*clock, and, though the distinguished guests did 
not arrive until nearly an hour and a half later, 
the time seemed short to those in waiting. 


The crowd began to assemble at an early hour 
in this part of Wall-st. The roadway was kept 
clear by a large body of iiolice, but by half-past 
9 the sidewalks opposite the S^Vv-t5w&&\«:3 



packed with men and women. 'Ilie bead of 
IlrtMd-Gt. was also a soUd mass of humanity. 
Qntdually the Eddewalks In the direction ol Trinity 
Cbnioh and the CuEtom House tilled up, and by 
1 o o'clock a solid human wall extended from 
Unadtray to Wllllam-Bt. 

Every window, loof nnd otber point of vantage 
tn the neighborhood was early oeoupled, and | 
latra on a faw dailiu men perched themgelves on 
telegraph poles in Uroad-st., in order to see and 
bear all that It was iiosslble lor their eyes and 
ears to take In. A solitary expreas-wagon stood 
In Broad-Bt.. a few feet below Wall; it was so 
surrounded and covered with eager men, women 
and ohildren that not a square inch of it was . 
visible from the Sub-Treasury platform. From 
scores of windows ematcnr and profte&ional 
photographers pointed their cameras at the chief 
centre of Interest, and the pictures uf the scene 
from all points of view and at every stage of the 
proceedings will doubtless be numbered by thou- . 


Just below the dense blaok human mass in 
Broad-st. a curious sight was to be witnessed. 
It was a cart of a perembnlatinK vender of mlUc, 
and the cart contained an object that suggested 
a now. Perhaps it would be more correct to 
uy tbat the thing was a cartcatuce of the milk- ' 
producing member of the animal creiation. Pre- . 
•umably the vender was doing a thriving business ; 
but at an unlucky moment he was aspied by 
some members ol the committee with amaU 
appreciation of this more or less picturesque scene > 
in the background. Then the order went forth 
Uiat he must be suppressed, and the police ruth- 
lessly ordered him to move on to other streets. 
If not to pastures now. 

So Intense was the desire to witness this part 
of Ibe celebration that danger was Uttte thought ' 
of. The most daring exhibition of what verged i 
on recklessness was to be seen in front of the 
Assay OQlce, where the coping underneatb the 
■econd-Btory windows was occupied by a number 
of men and two or three women. The ledge 
on which they stood seemed not more than a foot I 
In width. One woman In the party stood part of I 
tike time, but so great was her nerve and coolness | 
that she did not hesitate to sit down in the 
narrow space at her disposal when she wearied of 
■tending. She wore a dark-blue gown and a . 
locket of light mixed cloth, unbuttoned save at 
the throat. Her composure under rather trying 
clroumstances attracted much attention, though 
the performance was, to say the leasts rather 
Etsky. ! 

Entrance to the Sub-Treasury pluttorm was 
cained by a stairway on the Nassau-st. side. 
The early comers found the place less exposed I 
to the cool wind then they had expected, though ' 
those who had left their overcoats behind them 
had reason to regret their rashness. Indeed, 
heavy coats ond gloves were not uncomfortable. 
The sun shone only at intervals, but when it did 
break through the clouds the warmth of its genial 
rmya wag gladly welcomed. 

Among the early arrivals at the platform wen 
Henry C. Bowen, Edwards Pienepont, General 
John Cochrane, John D. Crimmina, Bobert K 
Porter, Superintendent of the Oenius; Mablon 
Chance, Andrew Cameste, Carl Sobnrx, ex-PoUca 
Superintendent Walling, and Alfred B. Conklin«. 

Hannibal Hamlin, the only living ex- Vice- 
President of the CJnited States, came unattended; 
but he was instantly recognized and weloomed 
with a cheer. He wisely wore an overcoat, 
□is silk hat was pulled well down toward his 
ears. Els strong and rugged, but Idndly, taca 
would attract attention in any public gathering, 
even if be had not enjoyed tbe unique boner of 
serving as Vice-President during the first teem 
of the illustrious Lincoln. He wears his Mventy- 
nine years remarkably well. 

Anthony Hlgglns, the first Bepublloan Senotor 
that Delaware bos ever sent to Washington, was 
eagerly pointed out by those who reoogniied 
him. Senator Hawley, of Connecticut, was 
another noteworthy figure. Among lite other* 
who took seats an the platform or stood on the 
portico of the building were United States Judge 
Benedict, James C. Carter; Bobert B. Ltvingston, 
George Wilson, Secretary of the Chamber of Com- 
merce; Senator Shelby M. Cnllom, of Dllnola; 
Lewis Barker, of Maine, ex-Speaker of the House 
of Bepresentatlves ; John F. Plununer,' O. B. 
Potter, Joseph J. O'Donohue, Bishop Edward 
G. Andrews, of the Methodist Episcopn] Church; 
Professor J. L. N. Hunt, Whltelaw Beid, Ulaistei 
to France; President Eliot, of Harvard Oni- 
verslty ; Tax Commissioner Edward L. Pairia, 
Edward N. Taller, General Isaac S. Catlin, Will- 
iam P. Estes, Sigismund lAsar and John F. 

The statue of Washington was guarded during 
the exercises by H. S. Marlor, a Grand Army man. 


In the balcony set aport for those who took 
an active part in the exercises was an oak stand, 
on which stood a goblet and a oarafe of water. 
Some time before the arrival of the Presidential 
party a richly carved ebony table, on which rested 
a blue plush cushion, was carried out and placed 
In the opposite corner of the balcony. This table 
is tJie property of Bobert B. Livingston, the great- 
grandson of Chancellor Livingston, to whom It 
once belonged. Near the table st«od an ancient 
looking raaliogany obalr—tbe very one in whleh 
Washington sat a century ago. It is upholstered In 
leather, and Is now owned by Professor Southwfek, 
of the Museum of Natural History. Later the 
Bible on which Washington took the oath of of- 
fice was plac--d, <>penc<l, on ihc blue cushion. 


About twenty minutes past 10 the word was 
passed around that the Katloual officials were on 
their way from St. Paul's Church. Many eyes 
looked wistfully in the direction of Trinity Ghnreh, 
but the Presidential party avoided the crowds 
by coming by the wFiy of Plne«t., and reaching 

' the platform by passing through the Sub-Treasury 

I from the r 



As President Harrison, Vice-President Morton, 
the members of the Cabinet and others <Uime in 
sight, they were heartily cheered, while Gihnore's 
men played *'Hail to the Chief" In tight royal 
fashion. The President was escorted to Washing- 
ton's chair. On his right side Vice-President 
Morton took his seat; next him were Archbishop 
Coirlgan, in his pontifical robes, the £ev. Dr. 
EMchard Salter Storrs and Chauncey M. Dcpew. 
To the President's left were Hamilton Fish, Mayor 
Grant, Senator Evarts and that bronzed old war- 
rior whose presence anywhere arouses entliusiasm^ 
William Tecumseh Sherman. In the rear were 
ex.President H^yes and ex-President Cleveland 
side by side, and close by were Lieutcnant-Grov- 
©mor Jones, Chief Justice Fuller, Justice Field, 
James Russell Lowell, Bishop Potter and Clarence 
W. Bowen. The next row of chairs were occupied 
by Secretary Windom, Secretary Tracy, Secretary 
Proctor, Postmaster-General Wanamaker, Secretary 
Noble, Attorney-General Miller and Secretary 
Busk. Toward the eastern end of the platform, 
beyond the press seats, could now be seen Senator 
John Sherman and Frederick Douglass. 


Without a moment's unnecessary delay Hamilton 
Fish stepped to the front of the balcony and In a 
sentence or two called the assembly to order. 
It was now 10 :25. At this time there were prob- 
ably 10,000 persons massed along Wall-st., in 
Broad-st. and around the Sub-Treasury. EU- 
bridge T. Grerry, chairman of tiie Committee on 
litteiary Exercises, then made a brief inixoductoiy 
address. He said: 

Fellow Citizens: One hundred years ago. on this 
spot, George WashlDgton, as first President of the 
United States, took his oath of oflQce upon the Holy 
Bible. That sacred volume is here to-day, silently 
attesting the basis upon which our Nation was con- 
structed and the dependence of our people upon Al- 
mighty God. In the words, then, of one of the founders 
of the Government, " with ^arts overflowing with grat- 
itude to our Sovereign Benefactor for granting to us 
existence, for continuing it to the present period, and 
for accumulating on us blessings spiritual and tem- 
poral through life, may we with fervor beseech Him so 
to continue them as best to promote His glory and our 

The Rev. Richard S. Btorrs will utter the Invocation. 


Dr. Storrs had put on a silk skull cap, and 
throwing off his cape overcoat, revealed to view 
his black ministerial robes. He stepped to the 
balcony rail, holding in both hands a black-covered 
book that contained the sheets on which his r^yer 
had been written. The audience had been re- 
quested by Mp. Gterry t-o uncover, and the thou- 
sands of bare-headed men in the street below, with 
theii faces upturned, presented an impressive sight. 
Dr. Storrs's voice was full and firm and his manner 
deeply reverential. Aft.ei he iiad uttered two 
or three sentences, the sun burst through the 
clouds and flooded the assembled multitude with 
golden ladiance. It was a happy omen of the 
success of the pivotal day of the celebration. 
Dr. Storis was heard with close attention, though 
his voice was probably Inaudible to a majority 
of the audience. When he reached the Lord's 
Prayer, many voices joined with the clergyman's 

in repeating it. Dr. Storrs's prayer was as fol- 
lows : 

Almighty God, most merciful Father, who art infinite in 
wisdom, sovereign in power, and whose are the eternal 
years; In penitence and with reverence we offer before 
Thee our humble supplication, remembering in our low es- 
tate that the Heaven of heavens cannot contain Thee, and 
that Heaven and earth are full of the majesty of Thy 

With contrite confession we acknowledge our sins, of 
heart and of life, with which Thou art most justly dis- 
pleased, and entreat Tliy forgiveness through Him whom 
Thou hast exalted with Thy right hand to be a Prince and 
a Saviour. Accept, we beseech Thee, the reauests and 
thanksgivings which we offer in His name ; give us an heart 
to love and to fear Thee ; and both now and ever, in what- 
soever frailty of body or of mind, may we find in Thee 
resource and succor. 

. We give praise and homage to Thy great name for the 
favor Thou didst show to our fathers aforetime, when they 
dwelt as strangers in a wide land, when this city was a 
little one and few men In it; that they looked unto Thee 
and were lightened, and their faces were not ashamed; 
that though they went through fire and through water,Thou 
broughtest them out into a wealUiy place; and that, by 
Thy help, from dependence and fear they were quickly 
exalted to dominion and honor. 

Especially we thank Thee for those who by wisdom, 
by constancy and by valor were Thy ministers to the 
people, conducting them out of peill into peace, leading 
them in the paths which Thou hast ordained to large 
prosperity and a secure freedouL Through Thy prepara* 
tlon came the captains and counsellors, whose dust we 
guardT with affectionate honor, while the nation whleh 
they serve has become their memorial. 

Most of all, on tills day, we give thanks and praise 
for him whom Thou In Thy providence didst set forth 
to be the leader of our leaders in council and in arms, 
and the example for all who follow In his high office. 
For his patience and courage which never failed, and his 
foreseeing wisdom which was not dimmed, for the stead- 
fastness of spirit, sustained upon Thee, which sank be- 
neath no weight of burdens, the magnanimous serenity 
which disaster could not shake nor any successes unduly 
exalt, we render to Thee homage and laud; for his 
majestic fidelity to an unsurpassed trust, his reverent 
faith In Thy Word and In Thee. We bless Thee that 
through the gifts and grace with which Thou didst 
endue him, his name remains for us, as for our fathers, 
a banner of light, to the lustre, of which the nations 
turn. Make us worthy partakers of the fruit of his 
labors, munificent In blessing, whose fame Is henceforth 
in all the earth. 

Behold, we beseech Thee, with Thy merciful favor the 
nation which Thou didst thus plant and protect, setting 
It in the place which Thou hast prepared, and multiply 
it with large increase. Thou hast given it riches of 
silver and gold, and made it possessor of a land of 
abundance, whose stones are iron, and out of whose rock 
flow rivers of oil. In its plentiful fields the year Is 
crowned with the joy of harvest, within Its borders are all 
pleasant fruits, and its harbors exult in the tribute of the 
seas. Thou hast given It wise and equal laws, for the 
homeborn and the stranger, ordinances of justice, a gov- 
ernment which has been to it, in successive generations, 
for a name and a praise. May it equally inherit the 
blessings of Thy grace and partake of Thy righteousness. 
In obedlencei to Thy will, and in reverence for Thy truth, 
may its liberties abide on the surest foundations. In 
faith unfeigned, and with jojtul homage, may It offer to 
Thee its sacrifice of praise, and in all coming time find 
happiness and hope in Thy benediction. 

Hegard with Thy favor, and crown with Thy blessing, 
Thy servant, the President of the United States, with all 
who have part In the enactment of law or its just exe- 
cution. Speak unto them from from the cloudy pillar of 
the great example which this day recalls. May they so use 
authority as those who themselves must give account. 
Give them wisdom to carry into prosperous effect d.a«,V«Nk 



eoneelyed In equity and love, that by ylrtne and knowledge 
they may obtain a good renown, and that under their 
governance the people may dwell throughout our coasts 
in friendship and hope ; and when thou hast guided them 
by Thy counsel on earth receive them, we pray Thee, to 
Thy heavenly glory. 

O Thou, who hast made of one blood all nations of men 
(or to dwell on all the face of the earth, appointing their 
times and the bounds of their habitation, and who art 
ever the author of peace and lover of concord, remember 
In Thy mercy all kindreds of mankind, with them that 
have office and rule among them. Thou art lifting the 
gates and opening the doors between the peoples, that 
the King of Glory may come in. Before the brightness 
of Thy benign light cause confusion and darkness to flee 
away. For oppression give freedom ; for anxiety and fear. 
give glad expectaciou; and in place of enmity, jealous 
and strife, establish the nations in tho quietness of confl« 
dence and the fellowship of love, till the peace of the 
world shall flow like a river, and its righteousness as the 
Waves of the sea. 

••Dur Father, who art in Heaven; Hallowed be Thy 
name. Thy kingdom come ; Thy will be done on earth, as 
it Is in Heaven. Give us this day our dally bread. And 
forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass 
against us. And lead us not into temptation ; but deliver 
us from evil. For Thine is the kingdom, and the power, 
and the glory, forever and ever. Amen." 

During the prayer President Harrison stood with 
uncovered head. His overcoat was unbuttoned; 
there was a large Jacqueminot rose in the button, 
hole. His right hand, the fingers of which dasped 
his gold-fitimed eye-glasses, rested on the ppen 
pages of the Bible. 


Mr. Grerry next announced that a i>oem written 

for the occasion by John Greenleaf Whittler would 

be read by Clarence W. Bowen, secretary of the 

Committee on Literary Exercises. The poem was 
entitled ^ The Vow of W&shlngton." and was dated 
at Oak Enoll, Danvers, Mass. Mr. Bowen has a 
strong, clear voices and the fine poem, heard for 
the first time, was excellently rendered. In spite 
ot the Quaker poet's advancing year& his latest 
production gives no evidence of decaying powers. 
The poem is as follows : 

The sword was sheathed: in April's sun 

Lay green the fields by Freedom won; 
And severed sections, weary of debates. 
Joined hands at last and were United States. 

O Oity sitting bv the Seal 
How proud the day that dawned on thee. 
When the new era, long desired, began. 
And, in its need, the hour had found the man I 

One thought the cannon salvos spoke; 

The resonant bell- tower's vibrant stroke. 
The voiceful streets, the plaudit-echoing hall^ 
And prayer and hymn borne heavenward from St Paul's/ 

How felt the land in every part 

The strong throb of a nation's heart. 
As its great leader gave, with reverent awe. 
His pledge to Union, Liberty and Lawl 

That pledge the heavens above him heard. 

That vow the sleep of centuries stirred ; 
In world-wide wonder listening peoples bent 
Their gaze on Freedom's great experiment. 

Gould it succeed f Of honor sold 

And hopes deceived all history told. 
Above the wrecks that strewed the mournful past. 
Was the long dream of ages true at lastl 

Thank God! the people's choice was Just, 

The one man equal to his trust. 
Wise beyond lore, and without weakness good. 
Calm in the strength of flawless rectitude I 

His rule of Justice, order, peace. 

Made possible the world's release; 
Taught prlDce and serf that power Is but a trust. 
And rule, aloue, which serves the ruled, is Just ; 

That Freedom generous Is, but strong 

In hate of fraud and selfish wrong, 
Pretence that turns her holy truths to lies. 
And }»wlesB license masking in her guise. 

Land of his love I with one glad voice 

Let thy great sisterhood rejoice; 
A century's suns o'er thee have risen and ael^ 
And, Qod be praised, we are one nation yet. 


And still, we trust» the years to be 

ShaU prove his hope was destiny. 
Leaving our flag with all its added stars 
Unrent by faction and unstained by warsl 

liO I where with patient toil he nursed 

And trained the new-set plant at first. 
The widening branches of a stately tree 
Stretch from the sunrise to the sunset sea. 

And In its broad and sheltering shade. 

Sitting with none to make afraid. 
Were we now silent, through each mighty limb 
The winds of heaven would sing the praise of him. 

Our first and best!— his ashes lie 

Beneath his own Virginian sky. 
Forgive, forget, O true and Just and brave. 
The Btorm that swept above thy sacred gravel 

For, ever In the awful strife 

And dark hours of the Nation's life. 
Through the fierce tumult pierced his warning wokU 
Their father's voice his erring ohlldren heard I 

The change for whloh he prayed and sought 

In that sharp agony was wrought ; 
No partial interest draws its alien Une 
'Twlxt North and South* the cypress and the pine I 

One people now. all doubt beyond. 

His name shall be our Union-bond; 
We lift our hands to Heaven, and here and now, 
Take on our lips the old Centennial vow. 

For rule and trust must needs be ours; 

Chooser and chosen both are powers ' 

Equsil in service as in rights: the claim 
Of Duty rests on each and all the same. 

Then let the sovereign millions, where 

Our banner floats in sun and air. 
From the warm palm-lands to Alaska's cold* 
Repeat with us the pledge a century oldl 

When Mr. Bowen sat down, Mr. Do pew wa» 
introduced as the orator of the occasion. 
As he stepped forward it was seen that 
his black Prince Albert coat was closely buttoned ;i 
his head was protected from the wind by » 
fekull-cap; he wore eyeglasses, and the sheets ot 
his oration were firmly grasped in his left handL 
His oration, if delivered in full, would have 
occupied more than an hour: but as the presence 
of the President was required at the reviewing- 
stand as early as possible, the literary exerciser 

had to be shortened, and Mr. Bepew was com- 
pelled to omit a large part of his oration. It is 
printed here in full, however. Mr. Depew was 
in good voice and spoke with great earnestness. 
He gestured freely with his right hand, and aU 
of his eloquent periods were roundly applauded. 
It so happened that the roll of the drums of the 
bands in Broadway, where the parade was getting 
under way, frequently came in at the points 
where applause was in order, and at one time 
the bells in Old Trinity's steeple rang out an 
accompaniment to the music of the orator's voice. 
Mr* Depew's oration in full was as follows: 
we celebrate to-day the Centenary of our nation- 
ality. One hundred years ago the United States be- 
gan their existence. The powers of government ware 
assumed by the people of the Republic, and they be- 
came the sole source of authority. The soleMm oer»> 
monlal of the first inauguration, the reverent oath of 
Washington, the acclaim of the multitude greeting 
their President, marked the most unique event of mod- 
em times in the development of free institutions. The 
occasion was not an accident, but a result It was 
the culmination of the working out by mighty forces- 
through many centuries of the problem of self-govem- 
tnent. It was not the triumph of a system, the appli- 
cation of a theory, or the reduction to practice of the 
abstractions of philosophy. The time, the country, 
the heredity and environment of the people, the folly 
of its enemies, and the noble courage of Its friends, 
gave to liberty after ages of defeat, of trial, of experi- 
ment, of partial success and substantial gains, this Im- 
mortal victory. Henceforth It had a refuge and re- 
cruiting station. The oppressed found tree homes Id 



this favored land, and Invisible armies marchM from 
it by mall and telegraph, by speech and song, by pre- 
cept and example, to regenerate the world. 

Puritans In New-England, Dutchmen In New- York, 
Catholics In Maryland, Huguenots in South Carolina 
had felt the fires of persecution and were wedded to 
religious liberty. They had been purified In the 
furnace, and in high debate and on bloody battle- 
fields had learned to sacrifice all material interests 
and to peril their lives for human rights. The prin- 
ciples of constitutional government had been Impressed 
upon them by hundreds of years of struggle, and for 
each principle they could point to the grave of an 
ancestor whose death attested the ferocity of the fight 
and the value of the ooncessioa wrung from arbitrary 
power. They knew the limitations of authority, they 
could pledge their lives and fortunes to resist encroach- 
ments upon their rights, but it required the lesson of 
Indian massacres, the invasion of die armies of France 
from Canada, the tyranny of the British Crown, the 
seven years' war of Revolution, and the five years of 
chaos of the Confederation to evolve the idea, upon 
which rest the power and permanency of the Republic, 
that liberty and union are one and inseparable. 

The traditions and experience of the Colonists had 
made them alert to discover and quick to resist any 
peril to their liberties. Above all things they feared and 
distrusted power. The town meeting and the 
Colonial Legislature gave them confidence in them- 
selves, and courage to check the Royal Governors. 
Their interests, hopes and affections were in their 
several commonwealths, and each blow by the Brit- 
ish Ministry at their freedom, each attack upon their 
rights as Englishmen, weakened their love for the 
mother-land and intensified their hostility to the 
Crown. But the same causes which broke down 
their allegiance to the Central Government increased 
tlheir confidence in their respective colonies, and 
their faith In liberty was largely deiwndent upon the 
maintenance of the sovereignty of their several States. 
The farmers' shot at Lexington echoed round the 
world, the spirit which it awakened from its slumbers 
could do and dare and die, but It had not yet dis- 
covered the secret of the permanence and progress 
of free institutions. Patrick Henry thundered in the 
Virginia Convention, James Otis spoke with triimpet 
tongue and fervid eloquence for united action in 
Massachusetts, Hamilton, Jay and Clinton pledged 
New- York to respond with men and money for the 
common cause, but their vision only saw a league 
of Independent colonies. The vail was not yet drawn 
from before the vlsta. of population and power, of 
empire and liberty which would open with National 

The Continental Congress partially grasped, but 
completely expressed, the central idea of the American 
Republic. More fully than any other body which ever 
assembled did It represent the victories won from 
arbitrary power for human rights. In the New World 
It was the conservator of liberties secured through 
centuries of struggle in the old. Among the delegates 

were the descendants of the man who had stood in 
that brilliant array upon the field of Runnymede, which 
wrested from King John Magna Charta, that great 
charter of liberty, to which Hallam In the nineteenth 
century bears witness " that all which had been since 
obtained is little more than as confirmation or com- 
ment4iry.» There were the grandchildren of the states- 
men who had summoned Charles before Parliament 
and compelled his assent to the P»'tition of Rights, 
which transferred power from the Crown to the Com- 
mons, and gave representative government to the 
Elngllsh-speaking race. And there were those who 
hacTsprung from the Iron soldiers who had fought and 
charged with Cromwell at Naseby and Dunbar and 
Mars ton Moor. Among Its members were Huguenots, 
whose fathers had followed the white plume of Henry 
of Navarre and in an age of bigotry, Intolerance and 
the deification of absolutism had secured the great 
edict of religious liberty from French despotism; and 
who had become a people without a country, rather 
tiian surrender their convictions and forswear their 
consciences. In this Congress were those whose 
ancestors were the countrymen of William of Orange, 
the Beggars of the Sea, who had survived the cmiel- 
ties of Alva, and broken the proud yoke of Philip of 
Spain, and who had two centuries before made a 
Declaration of Independence and formed a federal 
onion which were models of freedom and strength. 
These men were not revolutionists, they were the 
hein and the guardians of the priceless treasures of 
mankind. The British King and his Ministers were 

the revolutionists. They were reactionaries, seeking 
arbitrarily to turn back -the hands upon the dial ol 
time. A year of doubt and debate, the baptism of blood 
upon battle-fields, where soldiers from every colony 
fought, under a common standard, and consolidated the 
Continental Army, gradually lifted the soul and under- 
standing of this immortal Congress to the sublime 
declaration : " We, therefore, the Representatives of 
the United States of America, in General Congress 
assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the 
World for the rectitude ol our Intentions, do, In the 
name and by the authority of the good people of these 
colonies, solemnly publish and declare that these 
United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and 
Independent States." 

To this declaration John Hancock, proscribed and 
threatened with death, affixed a signature which stood 
for a century like the pointers to the North Star In 
the firmament of freedom, and Charles Carroll, taunted 
that among many Carrolls, he, the rich- 
est man in America, might escape, added 
description and identification with " of Car- 
roUton." Benjamin Harrison, a delegate from 
Virginia, the ancestor of the distinguished statesman 
and soldier who to-day so worthily fills the chair of 
Washington, voiced the unalterable determination and 
defiance of the Congress. He seized John Hancock, 
upon whose head a price was set, in his arms, and 
placing him in the Presidential chair, said, "We 
will show Mother Britain how little we care for her by 
making our President a Massaqhusetts man, whom she 
has excluded from pardon by public proclamation" ; 
and when they were signing the declaration, and the 
slender Elbridge Gerry uttered the grim pleasantry, 
"We must hang together or surely we will hanp 
separately," the portly Harrison responded with a 
more daring humor, " It will be all over with me In a 
moment, but you will be kicking In the air half an 
hour after I am gone." Thus flashed athwart the 
great Charter, which was to be for Its signers a death- 
warrant or a diploma of Immortality, as with firm 
hand, high purpose and undaunted resolution, they 
subscribed their names, this mockery of fear and the 
penalties of treason. 


The grand central idea of the Declaration of In- 
dependence was the sovereignty of the people. It 
relied for original power, not upon States or Colo- 
nies, or their citizens as such, but recognized as the 
authority for nationality the revolutionary rights 
of the people of the United States. It stated with 
marvellous clearness the encroachments upon liber- 
ties wTiich threatened their suppression and Justi- 
fied revolt, but it was inspired by the very genius 
of freedom, and the prophetic possibilities of 
united commonwealths covering the Continent In 
one harmonious Republic, when It made the people 
of the thirteen Colonies all Americans and de- 
volved upon them to administer by themselves, and 
for Oiemselves, the prerogatives and powers wrested 
from Crown and Parliament. It condensed Magna 
Charter, the Petition of Rights, the great body 
of English liberties embodied in the common law 
and accumulated in the decisions of the Courts, the 
Statutes of the realm, and an undisputed though 
unwritten Constitution ; but this original principle 
and dynamic force of the people's power sprang 
from these old seeds planted in the virgin soil of 
tiie New World. 

More clearly than any statesman of the period, did 
Thomas Jefferson grasp and divine the possibilities of 
Popular Government. He caught and crystallized the 
spirit of free institutions. His philosophical mind was 
singularly free from the power of precedents or the 
chains of prejudice. He had an unquestioning and 
abiding faith In the people, which was accepted by but 
few of his compatriots. Upon his famous axiom, of 
the equality of all men before the law, he constructed 
hJs system. It was the trip-hammer essential for the 
emergency to break the links binding the Colonies to 
ImperiaJ authority, and to pulverize the privileges of 
caste. It inspired him to write the Declaration of 
Independence, and persuaded him to doubt the wisdom 
of the powers concentrated in the Constitution. In 
his passionate love of liberty he became intensely 
Jealous of authority. He destroyed the substance of 
royaJ prerogative, but never emerged from Its shadow. 
He would have the (States as the guardians of populai 
rights, and the barriers against centralization, and he 
saw In the girowlng power of the Nation ever-Increasing 
encroachments upon the rights of the people. For 
the success of the pure democracy which must precede 
Presidents and Cabinets and Congresses, It was^ ^«^ 
haps, providential that its a^yQ^tiSk x«js«^ \biO\«^^'5^ i 



great people could gi-ant aud still i-etalu, could give and 
at will reclaim, could delegate and yet firml}' hold the 
authority which ultimately created the power of their 
Republic and enlarged the scope of their own liberty. 

Where this master-mind halted, all stood stllL 
The necessity for a permanent Union was apparent, 
but each State must have hold upon the bowstring 
which encircled Its throat. It was admitted that 
union gave the machinery required successfully to 
fiS^t the common enemy, but yet thei'e was fear 
that It might become a Frankenstein and destroy ItB 
creators. Thus patriotism and fear, difficulties of 
communication between distant communities, and the 
Intense growth of provincial pride and interests, led 
this Congi'css to frame tlie Articles of Confederation, 
hi^pily termed the League of Friendship. The 
result was not a government, but a ghost By this 
scheme the American people were ignored and the 
Declaration of Independence reversed. Tlio States, 
by their legislatures, elected delegates to Congress, and 
the delegate represented the sovereignty of his 
commonwealth. All the States had an equal voice 
without regard to their size or population. It re- 
quired the vote of nine States to pass any bill, and 
five could block the wheels of Government. Con- 
gress iiad none of the powers essential to sovereignty. 
It could neither levy taxes nor Impose duties nor 
collect excise. For the support of the army and 
navy, for the purposes of war, for the preservation 
of its own functions, it could only call upon the 
l^tates, but It possessed no power to enforce Its 
demands. It had no President or executive authority, 
no Supreme Court with general Jurisdiction, and no 
National power. Each of the thirteen States had sear 
ports and levied discriminating duties against the 
others, and could also tax and thus prohibit inter- 
state commerce across its territory. Had the Con- 
federation been a Union instead of a League, it could 
have raised and equipped three times the number 
of men contributed by reluctant States, and con- 
quered independence without foreign assistance. This 
paralyzed Government, without strength, because it 
could not enforce its decrees ; without credit, because 
it could pledge nothing for the payment of its debts ; 
without respect, because without Inherent authority; 
would, by its feeble life and early death, have added 
another to the historic tragedies which have in many 
lands marked the suppression of freedom, had it not 
been saved by the intelligent, inherited and invincible 
understanding of liberty by the people, and the genius 
and patilotism of their leaders. 


But, while the perils of war nad given temporary 
strength to the Confederation, peace developed Its 
fatal weakness. It derived no authoHty from the 
people, and could not appeal to them. Anarchy 
threatened its existence at home, and contempt met 
its representatives abroad. " Can you fulfil or enforce 
the obligations of the treaty on your part If we sign one 
with you?" was the sneer of the Courts of the Old 
World to our Ambassadors. Some States gave a half- 
hearted support to its demands; others defied them. 

The loss of public credit was speedily followed by 
tiniversal banlrrliptcy. The wildest fantasies as- 
sumed the force of serious measui-es for the relief of 
the general distress. States passed exclusive and 
hostile laws against each other, and riot and disorder 
threatened the disintegration of society. " Our stock 
is stolen, our houses are plundered, our farms are 
raided." cried a delegate in the Massachusetts Conven- 
tion ; " despotism Is better than anarchy I" To raise 
lour millions of dollars a year was bey ond the resources 
of the Government, and $300,000 was the limit of the 
loan it could secure from the money-lenders of Europe. 
Even Washington exclaimed In despair: "I see one 
head gradually changing into thirteen ; I see one army 
gradually branching into thirteen ; which, instead of 
looking up to Congress as the supreme conti-olUng 
power, are considering themselves as depending on 
their respective States." And later, when in- 
dependence had been won, the Impotency of the 
Government wi*ung from him the exclamation : " After 
gloriously and successfully contending against the 
usurpation of Great Britain, we may fall a prey to our 
own folly and disputes." 

But even through this Cimmerian daikness shot a 
flame which illuminated the coming century and kept 
bright the beacon fires of liberty. The archi- 
tects of constitutional freedom formed their insti- 
tutions with wisdom which forecasted the future. They 
majr not have understood at first the whole truth, but, 
tor that wblch they knew, they had the martyrs* spirit 

and the erusaders' enthusiasm. Though the Confedera- 
iiou was a Uuverumeut of checks without balances, 
and of purpose wlihout power, the statesmen who 
guided it demons uated otteu the I'eslsUess force of 
great souls auimaied by the purest patriotism, and 
united in judgmeut aud oifoit to promote the common 
good, by iofiy appeaia aud high reasoning, to elevate 
ihe masses above local gi'eed aud apparent self-interest 
to their own broad plane. 

The most siguificaiut ti'lumph of these moral and 
intellectual forces was that which secured the assent 
of the States to the limitation of their boundaries, 
to the grant of the wilderness beyond them to the 
general Government^ luid to the insertion in the 
ordinance erecting the Northwest Territories of the 
immortal proviso prohibiting "slavery or involuntary 
servitude" within all that broad domain. The States 
carved out of this splendid concession were not( sov- 
ereignties which had successfully rebelled, but they 
wore the children of tihe Union, born of the covenant 
and thrilled with Its life and liberty. They became the 
bulwarks of Nationality and the buttresses of freedom. 
Their preponderating strength first checked and then 
broke the slave power, their fervid loyalty halted and 
held at b«y the spirit of State rights and secession 
for generations ; and when the crisis came, it was 
with their overwhelming assistance that ttie Nation 
killed and burled Its enemy. The comer-stone of the 
edifice whose centenary we are celebrating was the 
ordinance of 1787. It was constructed by the feeblest 
of Congresses, but few enactments of ancient op 
modern times have had more far-reaching or beneficent 
Infiuence. It is one of the subllmest paradoxes of 
history, that this weak Confederation of States shonla 
have welded the chain, against which, after seventy- 
four years of fretful efforts for release, Its own splrik 
frantically dashed and died. 


The govpmment of the Republic by a Congress of 
States, a diplomatic convention of the ambassadors 
of petty commonwealths, ajfter seven years' trial, 
was falling a^ninder. Threatened with civil war 
among its members, Insurrection and lawlessness rife 
within the States, foreign commerce ruined and in- 
ternal trade paralyzed, its currency worthless, Its 
merchants bankrupt. Its farms mortgaged. Its markets 
closed, its labor unemployed, It was like a helpless 
wreck upon the ocean, tossed about by the tides and 
ready to be engulfed In the storm. Washington gave 
the warning and called for action. It was a voice ac- 
customed to command, but now entreating. The 
veterans of the war and the statesmen of the Revolu- 
tion stepped to the front. The patriotism which had 
been misled, but had never faltered, rose above the 
interests of States and the Jealousies of jarring con- 
federates to find the basis for Union. "It Is clear 
to me as A, B, C," said Washington, "that an ex- 
tension of Federal powers would make us one of the 
most happy, wealthy, respectable and powerful nations 
that ever inhabited the terrestrial globe. Without 
them we shall soon be everything which Is the direct 
reverse. I predict the worse consequences from a 
half-starved, limping Government, always moving 
upon crutches, and tottering at every step." The 
response of the country was the Convention of 1787, 
at Philadelphia. The Declaration of Independence 
was but the vestibule of the temple which this Illus- 
trious assembly erected. With no successful prece- 
dents to guide, It auspiciously worked out the problem 
of constitutional government, and of Imperial power 
and home rule, supplementing eaeh other In promot- 
ing the grandeur of the Nation and preserving the 
liberty of the individual. 

The deliberations of great councils have vitally 
affected, at different periods, the history of th*5 world 
and the fate of empires; but this Congress bullded, 
upon popular sovereignty, institutions broad enough 
to embrace the continent, and elastic enough to fit 
all conditions of race and traditions. The experience 
of a hundred years has demonstrated for us the per- 
fection of the work, for defence against foreign foes 
and for self-preservation against domestic Insurrection, 
for limitless expansion In population and material de- 
velopment, and for steady growth In intellectual 
freedom and force. Its continuing infiuence upon the 
welfare and destiny of the human race can only 
be measured by the capacity of man to cultivate 
and enjoy the boundless opportunities of liberty anrf 
law. The eloquent characterization of Mr. Gladstone 
condenses its merits: "The American Constitution is 
the most wonderful work ever struck off at a given 
time by the brain and purpose of man." 



The statesmen who composed this great Senate were 
«qual to their trust. Their conclusions were the re- 
sult of calm debate and wise concession. Their char- 
acter and abilities were so pure and great as to com- 
mand the confidence of the country for the reversal of 
the policy of the independence of the State of the 

eower of the general Government, which had hitherto 
een the Invariable practice and almost universal 
opinion, and for the adoption of the Idea of the Nation 
and its supremacy. 


Towering In majesty and Influence above them all 
Btood Washington, their President. Beside him was 
the venerable FranMin, who, though eighty-one years 
of age, brought to the deliberations of the Convention 
thm unimpaired vigor and resources of the wisest 
brain, the most hopeful philosophy, and the largest 
experience, of the times. Oliver Ellsworth, afterword 
Chief Justice of the United States, and the profoundest 
Juror in the country; Robert Morris, the wonderful 
financier of the Revolution, and Gouvemeur Morris, 
the most versatile genius of his period; Roger Sher- 
man, one of the most eminent of the signers of the 
Declaration of Independence, and John Rutledge, 
Boius King, Elbrldge Gerry, Edmund Randolph and 
the Plnckneys, were leaders of unequalled patiiotlsm, 
courage, ability and learning; while Alexander Hamil- 
ton and James Madison, as original thinkers and con- 
structive statesmen, rank among the Immortal few 
whose opinions have for ages guided Ministers of State, 
and determined the destinies of nations. 

This great Convention keenly felt, and with devout 
and serene Intelllgencemet, its ti-emendous responsl- 
biUtles. It had tne mol!Ebl support of the few whose 
aspirations for liberty had been inspired or rene^red 
by Ite triumph of the American Revolution, and the 
active hostility of every Government In the world. 

There were no examples to follow, and the experi- 
ence of its members led part of tliem to lean toward 
absolute centralization as the only refuge from the 
anarchy of the Confederation, while the rest clung to 
the sdVerelgnty of the States, for fear that the con- 
centration of power would end In the absorption of 
liberty. The large States did not want to surrender 
the advantage of their position, and the smaller States 
saw the danger to their existence. Roman conauest 
and assimilation had strewn tlie shores of time with 
the wrecks of empires, and plunged civilization Into the 
perils and horrors of the dark ages. The Government 
of Cromwell was the Isolated power of the mightiest 
man of his age, without popular authority to fill his 
place or the hereditary principle to protect his suc- 
cessor. The past furnished no light for our State 
builders, the present was full of doubt and despair. 
The future, the experiment of self-government, the 
perpetuity and development of freedom, almost the 
aestiny of mankind, was m their hands. 

At this crisis the courage and confidence needed 
to originate a system weakened. The temporizing 
spirit of compromise seized the Convention with the 
alluring proposition of not proceeding faster than the 
people could be educated to follow. The cry : "Let 
us not waste our labor upon conclusions which will 
not be adopted, but amend and adjourn," was assum- 
ing startling unanimity. But the supreme force and 
majestic sense of Washington brought the assemblage 
to the lofty plane of Its duty and opportunity. He 
said : " It is too probable that no plan we propose 
will be adopted. Perhaps another dreadful conflict 
18 to be sustained. If to please the people we offer 
what we ourselves disapprove, how can wo afterward 
defend our work? Let us raise a standard to which 
the wise and honest can repair; the event is In the 
hands of God." "I am the State," said Louis the 
Fourteenth, but his line ended In the grave of absolut- 
ism. ** Forty centuries look down upon you," was 
Napoleon's address to his army in the shadow of the 
Pyramids, but his soldiers saw only the dream of 
Eastern Empire vanish in blood. Statesmen and 
parliamentary leaders have sunk into oblivion or ipd 
their party to defeat, by surrendering their convictions 
to the passing passions of the hour, but Washington 
In this Immortal speech struck the keynote of repre- 
sentative obligation, and pi-opounded the fundamental 
principle of the purity and perpetuity of constitutional 


Freed from the • limitations of Its environment, 
and the question of the adoption of Its work, the 
CoiiTention erected Its government upon the eter- 
nal foundations of the power of the people. It 

dismissed the delusive theory of a compact between 
Independent States, and derived National power 
from the people of the United States. It broke up 
the machinery of the Confederation and put in 
practical operation the glittering generalities of the 
Declaration of Independence. From chaos came 
order, from insecurity came safety, from disintegra- 
tion and civil war came law and liberty, with the 
principle proclaimed In the preamble of the great 

charter, "We, the People of the United States, in 
order to form a more perfect union, establish jus- 
tice. Insure domestic tranquility, provide for the 
common defence, promote the general welfare, and 
secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our 
posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitu- 
tion for the United States." With a wisdom in- 
spired of God, to work out upon this continent the 
lloerty of man, they solved the problem of the ages 
by blending and yet preserving local self-government 
with National authority, and the rights of the States 
with the majesty and power of the Republic. The 
government of the States, under the Articles of 
Confederation, became bankrupt because it could 
not raise four millions of dollars; the Government 
of the Union, under the Constitution of the United 
States, raised six thousand millions of dollars. Its 
credit growing firmer as its power and resources were 
demonstrated. The Congress of the Confederation 
fled from a regiment which It could not pay; the 
Congress of the Union reviewed the comrades of a 
million of Its victorious soldiers, saluting, as they 
marched, the flag of the Nation, whose supremacy 
they had sustained. The promises of the Confederacy 
were the scoff of Its States ; the pledge of the Republic 
was the honor of its people. ^ ^ ^ 

The Constitution, which was to be strengthened by 
the strain of a century, to be a mighty conqueror 
without a subject province, to triumphantly survive 
the greatest of civil wars without the confiscation of 
an estate or the execution of a political offender, to 
create and grant home rule and State sovereignty to 
twenty -nine additional commonwealths, and yet enlarge 
Its scope and broaden its power, and to make the 
name of an American citizen a title of honor through- 
out the world, came complete from this great conven- 
tion to the people for adoption. As Hancock rose 
from his seat In the old Congress, eleven years before, 
to sign the Declaration of Independence, Franklin saw 
emblazoned on the back of the President's chair the 
sun partly above the horizon, but it seemed setting In 
a blood-red sky. During the seven years of the Con- 
federation he had gathered no hope from the glittering 
emblem, but now as with clear vision he beheld fixed 
upon eternal foundations the enduring structure of 
constitutional liberty, pointing to the sign, he forgot 
his eighty-two years, and with the enthusiasm of youth 
electrified the convention with the declaration: 
" Now I know that it is the rising sun." 

The pride of the States and the ambition of their 
leaders, sectional Jealousies and the overwhelming dis- 
trust of centralized power, were all arrayed against 
the adoption of the Constitution. North Carolina and 
Rhode Island refused to Join the Union until long after 
Washington's inauguration. For months New- York was 
debatable ground. Her territory extending from the 
sea to the lakes made her the keystone of the arch. 
Had Arnold's treason in the Revolution not been foiled 
by the capture of Andre, England would have held 
New-York and subjugated the Colonies, and in this 
crisis, unless New- York assented, a hostile and power- 
ful commonwealth dividing the States made the UnlOQ 


Success was due to confidence in Washington and the 

genius of Alexander Hamilton. Jefferson was the 

inspiration of Independence, but Hamilton was the 

incarnation of the Constitution. In no age or country 

has there appeared a more precocious or amazing 

Intelligence than Hamilton. At seventeen he an- 
nihilated the president of his college upon the question 
of the rights of the Colonies in a series of anonymous 
articles which were credited to the ablest men In the 
country ; at forty-seven, when he died, his briefs had 
become the law of the land, and his fiscal system was, 
and after a hundred years remains, the rule and policy 
of our Government. He gave life to the corpse of 
National credit, and the strength for self-possession 
and aggressive power to the Federal Union. Both as 
an expounder of the principles and an administrator 
of the affairs of government ho stands supreixLo^ %:c^ 
unrivalled In American history, ^Vs» ^<Ck^xNa«w5.^ ^^-^s^ "^s^ 


micnrtlo, his laoguaEe so clear and his reasonlr 
lirealstllile, that be svaired with eqiiEd esse po| 
-wembllaa, grava senates uid learned Judgea. 

e multitudes whom no argument could fton- 
vuioe, wDO saw la the executive power and centtal- 
lEsd force of the Constitution, under another name, 
the dteadtMt usurnatlOD ot king and mlnlstrr were 
(atlsDed only with the asBurancB. « Washlnglon will 
be President.' " Good," cried Jolui Iiomb. the able 
leader ot the SoiU d( Liberty, as he dropped his api>o- 
BlHon; " for to no other mortal would 1 trtist author- 
ity 8o ennrmous." " Washington will be Ptesldeut'' 
was the battle. 017 of the Const! tutlon. It Quieted 
alarm and pave confldence to the timid ^ml ciiJi.Tt-i- 
to the weai. The country responded wlrji (l[[^lll-.^ 
astlc tinanlmlly, but (he Chlet with the gr(-iitp--t ivIul-- 
tanco. In Ihe supreme moment of victory, n i.i-ri lIl,> 
world expected him to follow the preeedi^m^ nt ihn 
past and perpstoate the power a Kratefn] couTiiiy 
would wllllQglj have left In his hands, he hart rcsiKnod 
and retired to Mount Vernon to en)o; In nirfvaie sta- 
tion his well-eamed rest. Tha Bonventlon cppaic! by 
his oiertlona to prevent, as he said. " the decline ol 
our Federal dignity Into InslgnlBoant an-l nn-inhKl 
fragments of Empire," had called him to preside over 
Ita deliberations. Its work made pobs11>1o the rnaJIxa- 
tloD of hiB hope that " we might survive as an Inde- 
pendent Republic." and again he sought the seclusloo 
of his home. But. after the triumph of the war and 
the Cormatloa of the Constitution, came Ihe thlid and 
enal crisis : the Initial movements ot govomment 
which were to teaoh the Infant State the steadier steps 
of empire. 

He alone oould stay assault and Iniplni confidence 
while the great and compllcsted machinery of organlied 
government was put In order and set In motion. Doubt 
existed nowhere except In his modest and unambitious 
heart. "My movements to the Chair of government," 
he said, " will be accompanied by feelings not unll&e 
those of a culprit who Is going to the place of his 
execution. So unwilling am I, in the evening of life, 
nearly consumed In public cares, tn quit a peaceful 
abode for an ocea~ "' -""—-'"— — '" ' "--- 
pelenoy of politic 

of difficulties, without that c 
I shtll. abilities and incll 
lanage the helm.' 

, „ „ His whole 

life had been spent In repeated sacrlfloea tor his coun- 
try'* welfare, and he did not hesIfatB now. though 
there Is an undertone of Ineipresslhle sadncEs In This 
entry in his diary on the night of his departure; 
" About 10 o'clock I bade adieu to Mount vemon, to 
private life, and to domestic felicity, and with a mind 
oppressed with more anilous and painful sensations 
than I have words to express, set nut for New.York 
with the best disposition to render service to my 
country In obedience to Its call, but with less hope 
ef answering Its expectations." 

No conqueror was ever accorded such a triumph, no 
ruler ever accorded such a, welcome. In this memor- 
able march of all days to the Capital, 1( was the pride 
ol States to accompany him with the masses ot their 
people to their braders, that the citizens of the next 
t him through Its territory. 

_. „ , .1 him as the 

nvlor of their liberties. He rode under triumphal 
arches from which children lowered laurel wreaths 
upon his brow. The roadways were strewn with 
flowers, and as they were crushed beneath his horse's 
hoofs, their sweet Incense wafted to heaven the evei~ 
asoendlne prayers of hie loving eountrymen for his 
lite and safety, Tho swelllQg anthem of cratltude 
and reverence greeted atid follo\red him alone the 
country side and through the crowded streets: ''^LonR 
live OeorES Washington I Long live the Father of his 

Ills entry Into Kew-York was worthy the city and 
Btate. He was met by the chief officers ot the re- 
tiring government of the country, by the Governor 
ol the commonsvealth, and the whole population. 
This superb harbor was alive with Seels and Qags. 
and the ships of other nations with salutes from their 
guns, and the cheers of their crews added to the Joy- 
ous acclaim. But as Ihe captains who had asked 
Hia privilege, bending proudly to Wielr oars, rowed 
Hie President's barge swiftly through theso Inspiring 
•oenes, Washington's mind and heart were full of 
reminiscence and foreboding. 

-ffe baH visited New- York thlrty-lhree years before. 
Aire /b tin montti ot April, In the full perfeotlon ot 

hli early manhood, fresh bom Braddock's bloody 
Held, and wearing the only laurels of the battle, twat^ 
Ing the prophetlo bleMlng of ttie venerable Fresldenf 
Davles, ot Princeton CoUege, as " That heroic youth 
Colonel Washington, whom I cannot but hope P^a*^ 
dence has hitherto preserved In so signal a maimn 
for some Important service to the country." It wa* 
a fair daughter of our State whose smilei allured htm 
here, and whose coy confession that her heart waa 
another's recorded tjs only failure and saddened hll 
departure. Twenty years passed, and he stood be- 
fore the Tfew-York Cotigress, on th's very spot, the 
unanimously chosen Commander-ln-Chlef ot the Oon- 

I llnental Army, nrglng the people to more vigorous 
measiircs. and made painfully aware of the Increasafl 
desperation of Ihe struggle, from the aid tj} be given 
to the enemy by domestio sympaUJier*, when he 
knew that the same local military company whk^ 
escorted him was to perform the like service tor Ihe 
British Governor Tryon on his landing on the morrow. 
Retorolng for ttM defenos ot the dty 
llie next summer, he exeouted the retreat 
ti-om Long Island, which seoured from Ftedertek ths 
Great the opinion that a Kreat commander had ap- 
peared, and at Harlem Helphts hS wiin the first 
American victory of the Revolution, which gave that 
confidence to our raw recruits against the famous 
veterans of Burope which carried our army trlnraph- 
sntlv through the war. Six years more of untoU 
sufferings, of freezing and starving camps, of marches 
over the snow by barefooted soldiers to heroic attack 

( and splendid victory, of despair with an unpaid army, 
and of hope from tho genernun asslstmnce of France, 
and peace had come and Indenendence triumphed. 

I As the last soldier of the Invading enemy embarto, 

' Washington at the head of the patriot host enten 
the city receives the welcome and gratitude of Its 
people, and In (he tavern which facofl us across the 
way. In silence more eloquent than speech, and witli 
l-ears which choke the words, ho bids farewell forever 
to his companions In arms. Snoh were the crowding 
memories of the past suBgested to Washington In 
I7RB by his approach to New-Tork. But the futlire 
hn,i none of tho splendor of precedent and brilliance 

which have since attended the Inaugura- 

Prealdonta. An untried EChemo, adojted 

mainly beoanse Its administration was to tie cunOded 
to him. was to bH put In practice. He knew that 
he was to be met at every step of coniitltutlonal 
progress by factions temporarily hushed Into 
unanimity by tho terrific force of the Hdal wave 
which was bearing him to the President's seal, but 
flHrcely hostile upon quesllon? alTootIng every power 
of nationality and the ~'-' " '-- "-" — ' "■" 

of promise 

of the Federal Oov- 


Washington wal never dramatle, but on great eo- 
caalons be not only rose to the full Ideal ol the 
event, he became himself the event. On* hundred 
years ago to-day, tlie proceaslon ot foreign Ambaaaa. 
dors, of statesmen and ^nerals, ot olvio societies and 
military oompanles, which escorted him, marohed 
from Franklin Square to Pearl-st,, through Pearl to 
Broad, and up Broad io this spot, but the people saw 
only Washington. Aa he stood upon the steps ol 

the old Governmi 

■ t It 

„..„ , giving a bright omen for the future. In 

these hallH In 1735, In the trial ol John Zenger, had 
been established, tor tJie first time In Its history, the 
liberty ot the press. Here the New.York Assembly, In 
1764, made the protest against the Stamp Act, and 
proposed the General Conference, which was tha be. 
ginning of united Colonial action- In this old Btata 
House, In 1765, the Stamp Act ConBrosa, the first and 
the ftathor ot Ameilcan Congresses, assembled and ura- 
sented to the English Government that vigorous pro- 
test which caused the repeal ol the Act and Checked 
the first step toward the usurpation which lost tha 
American colonies to the British Empire. Within 
these walls the Congress of the Confederation had com. 
missioned Its Ambassadors abroad, and In InerTectual 
efforts at government bad created the neoeaalty for 
the concentration of Federal authority, now to be 

The first Congress of the United States gathered In 
this ancient temple ol liberty Breeted Washington 
and accompanied him to the balcony. The tamoos 
men visible about him were Chancellor Livingston, 
Vice-President John Adams. Aleiatider Hamilton, Gov- 
ernor Clinton, Roger Sherman, Richard Henry Lao, 
General Knox and Baron Steuben. Gut wa believe thai 
among the Invisible host above him, at this suprama 
moment ol the culmination In permanent triumph 



of thQ thousands of years of struggle for self-govern- 
ment, were the spirits of the soldiers of the Revolution 
who had died that their country might enjoy this blessed 
day, and with them were the Barons of Runnymede 
•Jid WllUam the Silent, and Sidney and Bussell, and 
Cromwell and Hampden and the heroes and martyrs 
of liberty of every race and age. 

As he came forward, the multitude in the streets, 
in the windows and on the roofs sent up such a 
rapturous shout that Washington sat down overcome 
with emotion. As he slowly rose and his tall and 
majestic form again appeared, the people, deeply 
affected, in awed silence viewed the scene. Jhe 
Chancellor solemnly read to him the oath of ofiBce, and 
Washing toe, repeating, said: ''I do solC'mnly swear 
that I will faithfully execute the oflSce of President 
of the UnUed States, and will, to the best o<fl my ability, 
preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the 
United States." Then he reverently bent low and 
kissed the Bible, uttering with profound emottooi : '^ So 
help me, God." The Chancellor waved his robes 
ancf shouted i ** It is done ; long live George Wash- 
ington, President of the United States 1" " Long live 
George Washington, our first President I" was the 
answering cheer of the people, and from the belfries 
rang the bells, and from rorts and ships thundered 
the cannon, echoing and repeating the cry with respond- 
ing acclaim all over the land: **Long live George 
Washington, President of the United States I" 

The simple and imposing ceremony over, the In- 
augural read, the blessing of God prayerfully petitioned 
in old St PauPs, the festivities passed, and Washing- 
ton stood alone. No one else could take the helm of 
state, and enthusiast and doubter alike trusted only 
him. The teachings and habits of the past had edu- 
eat«d the people to faith in the independence of their 
States, and for the supreme authority of the new 
GoTemment there stood against the precedent of a 
oentury and the passions of the hour little besides the 
arguments of Hamilton, Madison and Jay in " The Fed- 
eralist," and the judgment of Washington. With the 
first attempt to exercise National power began the 
diMl to the death between State sovereignty, claiming 
the right to nullify Federal laws or to secede from the 
Union and the power of the Republic to command the 
resources of the country, to enforce its authority and 
protect Its life. It* was the beginning of the sixty 
years' war for the Constitution and the Nation, it 
•eiured consciences, degraded politics, destroyed par- 
ties, ruined statesmen, and retarded the advance and 
development of the country; it sacrificed thousands 
of precious lives and squandered thousands of millions 
of money ; It desolated the fairest portion of the land 
and carried mourning into every home North and 
South; but it ended at Appomattox in the absolute 
triumph of the Republic. 

Posterity owes to Washington's Administration the 
policy and measures, the force and direction, which 
made possible this glorious result. In giving the 
organization of the Department of State and foreign 
relations to Jefferson, the Treasury to Hamilton, and 
the Supreme Court to Jay, he selected for his Cabinet 
and called to his assistance the ablest and most eminent 
men of his time. Hamilton's marvellous versatility 
and genius designed the armory and the weapons for 
the promotion of National power and greatness, but 
Washington's steady support carried them through. 
Parties crystallized, and party passions were intense, 
debates were intemperate, and the Union openly 
threatened and secretly plotted against, as the firm 
pressure of this mighty personality funded the debt 
and established credit, assumed the State debts in- 
curred in the War of the Revolution and superseded 
the local by the National obligation, imposed duties upon 
Imports and excise upon spirits, and created revenue 
and resources, organized a National Banking system for 
pulilic needs and private business, and csuled out an 
army to put down by force of arms resistance to the 
Federal Laws imposing unpopular taxes. Upon the 

£lan marked out by the Constitution, this great archi- 
>ct, with unfailing faith and unfaltering courage, 
bnllded the Republic. He gave to the Government 
the principles of action and sources of power which 
oarrled it successfully through the wars with Great 
Britain in 1812 and Mexico In 1848, whlcrh enabled 
Jaekson to defeat nullfflcation, and recruited and 
equipped millions of men for Lincoln and Justified 
and sustained his Proclamation of Emancipation. 

The French Revolution was the bloody reality of 
France and the nightmare of the civilized* world. The 
tyranny of centuries culminated in frightful reprisals 

and reckless revenges. As parties rose to power and 
passed to the guillotine, the frenzy of me revolt 
against all authority reached every country and 
captured the imaginations and enthusiasm of millions 
In every land, who believed they saw that the 
madness of anarchy, the overturning of all institutions, 
the confiscation and distribution of property, would end 
in a millennium for the masses and the universal 
brotherhood of man. Enthusiasm for France, our 
late ally, and the terrible commercial and. industrial 
distress occasioned by the failure of the 
Government under the Articles of Con- 
federation, aroused an almost unanimous 
cry for the young Republic, not yet sure of its own 
existence, to plunge into the vortex. The ablest and 
purest statesmen of the time bent to the storm, but 
Washington was unmoved. He stood like the rock, 
ribbed coast of a continent between the surging billows 
of fanaticism and the child of his love. Order is 
Heaven's first law, and the mind of Washington was 
order. The Revolution defied God and derided the 
law. Washington devoutly reverenced the Deity and 
believed liberty impossible without law. He spoke to 
the sober Judgment of the Nation and made clear 
the danger. He saved the infant Government from 
ruin, and expelled the French Minister who had ap- 
pealed from him to the people. The whole land, seeing 
safety only in his continuance in office. Joined Jeffer- 
son in urging him to accept a second term. " North 
and South," pleaded the Secretary, " will hang together 
while they have you to hang to." 


No man ever stood for so much tfo his country and 
to mankind as George Washington. HamUton, Jef- 
ferson and Adams, Makllson and Jay, each lepresented 
some of the elements which formed the Union. Wash- 
ington embodied them all. They fell at times under 
popular disapproval, were burned in efflgy, were 
stoned, but he, with unerring Judgment, was aHways 
the leader of the people. Milton said of Cromwell, 
** that war made him great, peace greater." The 
superiority of Washington's character and genius were 
more conspicuous in the formation of our Government 
and in putting It on indestructible foundations tihan 
in leading armies to victory and conquering the in- 
dependence of his countjry. " The Union In any 
event," is the cen trail thought of his farewell address, 
and all the years of his grand life were devoted to 
its formation and preservation. He fought as a youth 
with Braddock and in the capture of Forti Du Quesne for 
the protection of the whole countlry. As Commander- 
in-Chief of the Continental Army, his commission w»3 
from the Congress of the United Colonies. He In- 
spired the movement for tihe Republic, was the presi- 
dent and dominant spirit of the Convention whicn 
framed its Constitution, and its President for eight 
years, and guided Its course until satisfied that moving 
safely along the broad highway of time, lit would be 
surely ascending toward the first place amoner the 
nations of the world, the asylum of the oppressed, the 
home of the free. 

Do his countnrmen exaggerate his virtues? Listen 
to Gulzot, the historian of civilization: "Washington 
did the two greatest things which In politics It is per^ 
mltted to man to attempt. He maintained by 
peace the Independence of his country which he con- 
quered by war. He founded a free government In the 
name of the principles of order and by re-establishing 
their sway." Hear Lord Ersklne, the most famous 
of English advocates: "You are the only being for 
whom I have an awful reverence." Remember the 
tribute of Charles James Fox, the greatest parliamen- 
tary orator who ever swayeld the British House of 
Commons : " Illustrious man. before whom all bor- 
rowed greatness sinks Into Insignificance." Contem- 
plate the character of Lord Brougham, pre-eminent 
for two generations in every department of human 
activity and thoucht. and then Impress upon the mem- 
ories of your children his deliberate Judgment: "Un- 
til time shall be no more will a test of the "nrocrress 
which our race has made In wisdom and virtue be 
derived from the veneration paid to the Immortal 
name of Washington." 

Chatham, who, with Clive, conquered an Emp're In 
the East, died broken-heaii^ed at the loss of the iRmplre 
In the West, by follies which even his power and 
eloquence could not prevent. Pitt saw the vast 
creations of his diplomacy shattered at Austerlltz. and 
fell murmuring: **My country 1 how I l^ave my 
country !" Napoleon caused a noble tribute to Wash- 
ington to be read at the head of his arTOAftra»^\svX>>wv'iic^^ 
to rise to Wa8hln?:tatv'^ ^c^^Vcv^^'?.> ^Vc^«5.'««A J^'^x!^!^ 
strwctWTft eT^<i\-^^\k^ <i,^wt3Ca«i^\. «oA. ^«^^tv\s^\s^ xsssas^v^ 



to mlnlstep to his own ambition and pride, cnimble 
Into fragments, and an exllo and a prisoner he breathed 
his last babbling of battle-fields and carnage. Wash- 
ington, with his finger upon his pulse, felt the presence 
of death, and calmly reviewing the past and forecasting 
the future, answered to the summons of the grim 
messenger, "It is well," and as his might/ soul 
ascended to God thcUand was deluged with tears and 
the world united in his eulogy. Blot out from the 
page of history the names of all the great actors of his 
time in the drama of nations, and preserve the name 
of Washington, and the century would be renowned. 



We stand to-day upon the d*.vldttig !lne o«»tt*\»<'n 
the first and second century of Constitutional Gov- 
ernment. There are no clouds overhead and no con- 
vulsions under our feet Wo reverently return thanks 
to Almighty God for the past, and with confident 
and hopeful promise march upon sure ground toward 
tiie future. The simple facts of thc&e hundred years 
paralyze thef imagination, and we contemplate the 
vast accumulations of the century with awe and 
pride. Our population has grown from four to sixty- 
five millions. Its centre, moving westward fiOO miles 
since 1789, is eloquent with the founding of cities 
and the birth of States. New settlements, clearing 
the forests and subduing the prairies, and adding four 
millions to the few thousands of farms which were 
the support of Washington's Republic, create one of 
thei great granaries of the world, and open exhaust- 
less i-eservoirs of National wealth. 

The Infant Industries, which the first act of our first 
Ajdmlnistration sought to encourage, now give remu- 
nerative employment to more people than inhabited 
the Republic at the beginning of Washington's Presi- 
dency. The grand total of their annual output of 
seven thousand millions of dollars in value places the 
United States first among the manufacturing countries 
of the earth. One-half the total mileage of all the 

railroads, and one-q.uartor of ail the telegraph lines of 
the world within our borders, testify to the volume, 
variety and value of an Internal commerce which malEes 
these States, if need be, independent and self-support- 
ing. These hundred years of development under 
favoring political conditions have brought the sum of 
our Naiiouai wealth to a tigui-e wliioii iias I'assod the 
results of a thousand years for the Mother-land her- 
self otherwise the richest of modem empires. 

During this generation, a civil war of unequalled 
magnitude caused the expenditure and loss ot eight 
thousand millions of dollars, and killed 600,000 and 
permanently disabled over a million young men, and 
yet the impetuous progress of the North and the 
marvellous Industrial development of the new and 
free South have oblitorated the evidences of destruction, 
and made the war a memory, and have stimulated 
production until our annual surplus nearly equals that 
of England. France and Germany combined. The 
teeming millions of Asia till the patient soil and work 
the shuttle and loom as their fathers have done for 
ages; modem Europe has felt the influence and re- 
ceived the benefit of the incalculable multlpUcatlou 
of force by inventive genius since the Napoleonic wars ; 
and yet, only 269 years after the little band of Pil- 

glms landed on Plymouth Rock, our people, number- 
g less than one-.fifteenth of the Inhabitants of tiu 
globe, do one-third of Its mining, one-fourth of Its 
manufacturing, one-fifth of Its agriculture, and own 
one-sixth of its wealth. 

This realism of material prosperity, surpassing the 
wildest creations of the romancers who have aston- 
ished and delighted mankind, would be fuU of danger 
for the present and menace for the future, if the 
virtue, intolllgenoe. and independence of the i>eople 
were not equal to the wise regulation of its uses and 
the stern prevention of its abuses. But following the 
nowth and power of the great factors, whose asgreea- 
non of capital made possible the tremendous pace of 
the settlement of our National domain, the building of 
our great cities and the opening of the lines of com- 
munication which have unified our country and created 
our resources, have come National and State legislation 
and supervision. Twenty millions, a vast majority of 
our people ot Intelligent age, acknowledging the 
•utbority of their several onurohes, 12,000,000 of 
eliadren in the common schools, 345 universities and 

colleges for the higher education of men and 200 for 
women, 450 institutions of learning for science, law. 
medicine and theology, are the despair of the scoifer 
and the demagogue, and the firm support of civilisation 
and liberty. 



Steam and electricity have cnanged the commerce 
not only, they have revolutionized also the govern- 
ments of the world. They have given to the press 
its power, and brought all races and nationalities Into 
touch and sympathy. They have tested and are trying 
the strength of all systems to stand the strain and con- 
form to the conditions which follow the germinating 
infiuences of American Democracy. At the time of 
the Inauguration of Washington, seven royal families 
ruled as many kingdoms in Italy, but six of them have 
seen their thrones overturned and their countries dis- 
appear from the map of Europe. Most of the kings, 
princes, dukes and margraves of Germany, who 
religned despotically, and sold their soldiers for foreign 
service, have passed into history, and their heirs have 
neither prerogatives nor domain. Spain has gone 
through many violent changes and the permanency of 
her present Government seems to depend upon (he 
feeble life of an infant prince. Prance, our ancient 
friend, with repeated and bloody revolutions, has tried 
the government of Bourbon and Oonvention, of Di- 
rectory and Consulate, of Empire and Citizen King, of 
hereditary Sovereign and Republic, of Empire, and 
again Republic. The Hapsburg and HohenzoUera, after 
convulsions which have rocked the foundations 
of their thrones, have been compelled to con- 
cede constitutions to their people and to di- 
vide with them the ai'bltrary power wielded 
so autocratically and brilliantly by Maria Theresa and 
Frederick the Great. The royal will of George the 
Third could crowd the American Colonies into re- 
bellion, and wage war upon them until they were lost 
to his Kingdom, but the authority of the Crown has 
devolved upon Ministers who hold office subject to the 
approval of the representatives of the people, and the 
equal powers of the House of Ldrds have oeen vested 
in the Commons, leaving to the Peers only the shadow 
of their ancient privileges. But to-day the American 
people, after all the dazzling developments of tlie 
century, are still happily living under the Government 
of Washington. The Constitution during all that 
period has been amended only upon the lines laid down 
in the original instrument, and in conformity with the 
recorded opinions of the Fatheirs. The first great ad- 
dition was the Incorporation of a BUI of Rlghte, and the 
last the embedding into the Constitution of the Im- 
mortal principle of the Declaration of Independence— 
of the equality of all men before the law. No crisis 
has been too peirilous for its powers, no evolution too 
rapid for Its adaptation, and no expansion beyond Ito 
easy grasp and administration. It has assimilated 
diverse nationalities with warring traditions, customs, 
conditions and languages, imbued them with Ite spirit, 
and won their passionate loyalty and love. 

The fiower of the youth of the nations of Continental 
Europe are conscripted from productive Industries and 
drilling In camps. Vast armies stand In battle array 
along the frontiers, and a Kaiser's whim or a Minister^ 
mistake may precipitate the most destructive war of 
modem times. Both monarchical and republican Gov- 
ernments are seeking safoty In the repressslon and sup- 
pression of opposition and criticism. The volcanic 
forces of Demooratlo aspiration and socialistic revolt 
are rapidly Increasing and threaten peace and security. 
We turn from these gathering storms to the British 
Isles and find their people In the throes of a political 
crisis Involving the form and substance of their Gov- 
ernment, and their statesmen far from confident that 
the enfranchised and unprepared masses will wlse^ 
use their power. 

But for us no army exhausts our resources nor con- 
sumes our youth. Our navy must needs Increase In 
order that the protecting fiag may follow the expand- 
ing commerce which is successfully to compete In all 
the markets of the world. The sun of our destiny Is 
stVU rising, and Its rays Illumine vast territories as 



yet unoccupied and undeveloped, and which are to 
be the happy homes of millions of people. The ques- 
tions which affect the powers of government and the 
expansion or llmitatilon of the authority of the Fed- 
eral Constitution are so completely settled, and so 
unanimously approved, that our political divisions 
produce only the' healthy antagonism of paitles, which 
iB necessary for the preservation of liberty. Our in- 
stitutions fui'nlsh the full equipment of shield and 
spear for the battles of freedom, and absolute pro- 
tection against every danger which threatens the 

welfare of the people will always bo found In the 
intelligence which appieclates their value, and the 
courage and morality with which their powers aie 
exercised. The spirit of Washington fills the executive of- 
fice. Presidents may not rise to the full measure of his 
gieatness, but they must not fall below his standard 
of public duty and obligation. Ills life and character. 
conBCientlously studied and thoroughly understood by 
coming generations, will be for them a liberal education 
for private life and public station, for citizenship and 
patriotism, for love and devotion to Union and Liberty. 
With their Inspiring past and splendid present, the 
people of these United States, heirs of a hundred years 
marvellously rich In all which adds to the glory and 
greatness of a nation, with an abiding trust in the 
stability and elasticity of their Constitution, and an 
abounding faith In themselves, hail the coming centuiy 
with hope and Joy. 

The reader will be interested to learn the partk 
of Mi. Depew's oration which were heard by the 
3,000 or 4,000 persons whom his voice was 
powerful enough to reach. He began with the 
two introductory paragraphs, and then passed on 
to the paragraph beginning ** More clearly than 
any statesman" ; after this fine tribute to JelTer- 
son he went on to the paragraph beginning ** The 
Government of the Republic" ; then he 
delivered the paragraph beginning " The 
Constitution, which was to be strengthened," 
and the next paragraph but one, re- 
lating to Hamilton. Then a long leap was made 
to *• The 1st Congress of the United States." 
The next paragraph used was that on " The 
simple and imposing ceremony," with which the 
first sentence and the last two sentences of the 
paragraph were coupled. The first half of the 
paragraph beginning " No man ever stood" was 
also used. The last part of th(* oration, beginning 
with " Chatham, who with CUve," was delivered 
in full, except that the lines from ** Our popula- 
tion has grown," to ** During this generation," 
were omitted, and also the sentence. " We turn 
from these gathering storms," etc. 

Mr. Depew spoke for thirty-two minutes. His 
peroration was a model of lofty and sustained 
oratory, and fiilly deserved the outl)urst of 
applause that greeted it. When he had finished 
some one in the crowd proposed three cheers for 
Mr. Depew. They were given with a will. 


Mr. Gerry then advanced and said, *' Fellow- 
citizens, the President of the United States will 
address ^ou." General Harrison laid aside his 
hat and overcoat and stepped forward with the 
same easy and self-contained manner which had 
marked his bearing from the time of his arrivaL 
Before he could begin his remarks Nicholas Fish 
proposed three cheers for him, and they were 
uttered with great fervor. 

Mr. Harrison*s manner before an audience is 
admirable. His voice is strong and resonant^ and 
he si)eaks with great animation. Feeling perfect 
confidence in himself and likewise thoroughly at 
home, he did not even glance at the sheets of 
paper which contained the notes of his remarks. 
His gestures were graceful and abundant, and 
though what he said occupied only four or five 
minutes, the impression produced was that he 

is a master of the art of public speaking. There 
was general regret that he did not speak at 
greater length. Here is what President Harrison 
said on his first appearance before a New- York 
audience : 

OflSclaJ duty of a very exacting character has made 
It quite Impossible that 1 should deliver an address 
on this occasion. Foreseeing this, I early notified your 
committee that the programme must not contain any 
address by me. The selection of Mr. Depew as the 
orator of this occasion makes further speech not only 
difficult, but superfluous, lie has met the demand of 
this great occasion on Its own high level. (Applause.) 
He has brought before us the Incidents and the lessons 
of the first Inauguration of Washington. We seem to 
have been a part of that admiring, and almost ador- 
ing, throng that filled these streets one hundred yeais 

We have come Into the serious, but always inspir- 
ing, presence of Washington. He was the Incarna- 
tion of duty, and he teaches us to-day this great les- 
son—that those who would associate their names with 
events that shall outlive a century, can only do so 
by high consecration to duty. (Applause.) 

Self-seelilng has no public observance or anni- 
versary. The captain who gives to the sea his cargo 
of rags, that he may give safety and deliverance to his 
Imperilled fellow-men, has fame; he who lands the 
cargo, has only wages. (Great applause.) 

Washington seemed to come to the discharge of the 
duties of his high office Impressed with a great sense 
of his unfamlllarlty with these new calls upon him, 
modestly doubtful of his own ability, but trusting im- 
plicitly In the sustaining helpfulness and grace of that 
God who rules the world, presides in the councils of 
nations, and Is able to supply every human defect. 

We have made marvellous progress in material 
things, but the stately and enduring shaft that we 
have erected at the National Capital at Washington 
symbolizes the fact that he is still the First American 
Citizen. (Gieat applause.) 


In response to loud calls for Mr. Morton, the Vice- 
President rose and bowed. The exercises at the 
Sub-Treasury were closed with the following bene- 
diction by Archbishop Corrigan: 

The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ and the charity 
of God and the communications of the Holy Spirit be 
with you all. Amen. And may the blessing of God 
Almighty, Father, Son and Holy Ghost, descend on our 
beloved country and abide with It forever. 

The President and his immediate party left the 
platform at once, in order to proceed to the Mad- 
ison Square reviewing-stand without delay. Other 
invited guests went thither by the Sixth-ave. ele- 
vated road. 

The Platform Committee consisted of Johnston 
Livingston De Peyster, chairman; Robert li. Liv- 
ingston, W. E. D. Stokes, C. Creighton Webb, 
Nicholas Fish, Lispenard Stewart, William Pierson 
Hamilton, Charles H. Russell, jr., Alfred R. Conk- 
ling, William Cary Sanger, John Anthon, Gardiner 
Sherman, J. Lawrence Aspinwall, Arthur De 
Windt, Lewis H. Livingston, Charles B. Bleecker, 
Thomas Jefferson Cooiidge, jr.. Brooks Adams, 
Clermont L. Clarkson, Frank S. Witherbee, secre- 

Among the selections played by Gilm ore's Band 
between 9 and 1 o'clock were the " Star-Spangled 
Banner," Washington's Grand March, the overture 
to " Semiramide," the march from " Tannhauser," 
" The Wearing of the Green,** '* Yankee Doodle'' 
and " Hail, Columbia." 



In tent again. The avenue had been oleaced as 
fBt KB l^wentgr-aeTenth-Ht. From there all the 
war up Hie slope of Muzrar Htll the maas of 
speotetore was wedged la tightly from honse 
vrall to house wall. A squad of mounted poUoe 
was sent to cut a war through, but It oome baok 
without doing muoh. 

Tbe stand up to this point had been oocupled 
ohleflr hr that class of ddodIc whom nobody had 
ever seen or heard of, but who manage mraterl- 
ouEly to get hold of the best seats at nearly every 
bic aisplay. DlstingulEhed airivals were few and 
far between. Senator Eustls, ot Louisiana., and 
Senator Wade Hampton, ot South Oarollnn, reached 
the stand before 11. William E. Dodne came 
later; then Generals Abner Doublodfty and John 
CJ. Eobinson, Coneressman S. S. Cox, ex-Uongress- 
man S. V. White, Police Commissioner Voorhis and 
Nathaniel McKay. The Pennsylvania Ije^lBlature 
(rot seats at the Twenty-thiid-st. end of the stand. 
Wear by was a group of Indianlans, amontf them 
Attorney-General L. T, Mlchener, General George 
B, Williams, now oE Washington, and one of the 
managers ot the Inauguration festivities: the Hev. 
Dr. Mcljeod, of Indianapolis ; 0. W. Fairbanks and 
General T. H. Nelson, Commissioner of the State, 
and Colonel W. K. HolIoiYay, a brother-in-law ot 
ei-Senator O. P. Morton. Captain Murphy, ot tlie 
Army Committee, walked np and down the avenue 
before the stand in a brilliant uniform, and helped 
the other committeemen to look after the arriving 

At 12:10 some of 'Ute guests from the Sub- 
Treasury, who had come up on t^e elevated rail- 
Toad, appeared. In the btoup were Carl 
SchuTz and J. C. Carter. They toolc 
seats Bear the reviewing-box. Others ot tli^ir 
DCJghborB were Governor Merrlam, ol Miunesot^i. 
and his sta If, Collector Joel B. Erhardt, GenE^ral E. 
H. Muller. Evert J. WeodcU and F. HopkinBon 

the stand at the Union Club and a vigorous 
spurt of handkerchief- waving told that the Presi- 
dent and his party were arriving. A detachment ot 
mounted policemen clattered by and the Presi- 
dent's carriage soon followed. The spectators 
on the stands stood up to cheer and those in the 
back rows shouted " Sit down," and pelted those 
lower down with paper balls and orange peeLngs. 
The President took oil his hat and bowed as t^ 
crowd saluted him. His oarriage stopped shorts 
and General John Cochrane, who was on the front 
■eat, claiubered out and helped the guests alight. 
Colonel Winchester, his companion on the front 
seat, got out next. Then the President stepped 
down, followed quickly by Mayor Grant. 

In the second carriage were the Vice-President 
and one or two members ot the Centennial Com- 
mittee, From the third aUghtcd Secretary 
Windom, Elbrldge T, Gerry and Clarence W. 
Bowen. Secretaries Tracy and Proctor, and their 
two aids, were in the next. Then came the 
Postmaster-General, Secretary Noble and Lieu- 
tenant-Governor Jones. The Altomey-Qeneral 
and Secretary Kusk shared the sixth carriage. 
In the other carriages were Chief Justice Fuller, 
Associate.Justicea Field, Lamar, and BlatGhford, 
ex-Justice Strong, General Sherman, Chaunoey M. 
ilepew, Archbishop Corrigan, Bishop Potter, 
Biiop Perry, ot Iowa; the Rev. Dr. Morgan Dis, 
the Kev. Dr. Kichard S. Storrs, a deler*'-- — 


Tbe party was soon seated in the reviewing-box,' 
The President was well to the front, and Qeneial 
Sherman sat at his ri^t. To his left were Uayor 
Grant and ex-Preeldeat Cleveland, the Jattet hoyu 
ins a red rose In his hand vrhloh he oft«n lifted to 
his nose. General Traoy stood behind the Presi- 
dent, and Mr. Gerry was near Mr. Cleveland. 
There were no ladies In the party. Ten minutea 
later General Schofield and the head of the oolumn 
came through the Twenty-thlrd-st. arch. He was 
foOowed by General Cruger and the general stall. 
The head of the Army was applauded en- 
thusiastically. So were the stafl '" — 



,. whom Hotspur took oHeoBe. Then came tlio 
mihtary representatives of the various States, and 
acting as escort to all two troops cf regulal 
cavalry, with yellow plumes and trappings. The 
West Point cadets had the r>ace of honor at ths 
Lead of the line of regulars. The battalion never 
looked better, and its marching drew out rounds ot 
applause. Then came the artillery regimeuta in 
red and the Infantry in white. After the Arnui 
had passed the Navy anue in sightL The mariaea 
gave a clean exhibition of marching, and the tars 
from the ihips in the harbor finished up the dis- 
play ot the regulars with credit and celerity. The 
Army and Navy got by at 1 .ib p. m. The muster 
wae about 1,600. 

The State militia was to follow in the order in 
which the States had ratified the Constitution, 
Delaware accordingly wtis llrst. She eent one 
regiment of infantry and a cavalry troop. Gov- 
ernor Uiggs rode at the head ot the line, a tidl 
dashing figure, his long white hair Heating in the 
wind. He lifted his hat constantly m response 
to the cheers he aruused. and was easily the most 
conspicuous fi^re in this division. 

Pennsylvania came next to Delaware, and thtia 
with het 8,000 men had practically the place ol 
honor among the militia. The Pennsylvania 
troops long ago made their 
as, perhaps. 



..ear the regular 

uniform and afleot the monotonous appearance of 
lie regulars. They always march, too, in heavy 
dress, carrying all the aoooutremente of an aotlv* 
campaign. Knapsacks, blankelis, haversacks, can. 
teeus and cups ore a serious handicap in a dreM 
parade, and the Pennsylvanians suffer somewhat 
on a gala day from their heavy uniform. But 
their marching Is always good, and they g 

Impression ot foroe and so'--"'" '-'-^ "-- 

-■--' — often — — 

1 solidity which the other 

mm/Jed broadJr and lilted hin hab 

caused much inconvenience to the speototors <« 
the reviewing stand. The Third Brigade, t(X 
instance, marched second and the Second third. 
The regiments, too, changed their formaiaon In 
many cases. Philadelphia's craok regimen!^ Um 
1st) won a good deal of applause, and anotiieE 
picked out by the critics In the stands for milito^ 
excellence was the 16th, from the western part ol 
the State. The Pittsburg Battery brought with il 
from homo its full force ot battery horses, enora 
mouB Clydesdale^ with long hair on their legsj 
They stopped for three or four minutes before the 
President, and everybody on the stands tried to 
guess what sort of huge beasts they were. 


Governor Beaver, strapped to his saddle, rods 
at the head of the division, as usual, and captured 
the enthusiasm of the crowds all along the avenuej 
He wore civilian dress, as did all tbe GovemorsJ 
It took the Pennsylvania troops about an honr to 
go by— better time than they made at Woshlngtoa 
on March i. President Hamson recognized many 
old faces in the ranks, and must have been favor- 
ably impressed by the vastly improved marchlngi 
due in part, perhaps, to more favorable oondltioas. 



New- Jersey iftiowed that she was in the Union 
and had been in it ahnost from the start, by send- 
ing her two brigades for review by the President. 
These troops, too, failed to march according to the 
programme, but nobody minded that. Trim new 
clo&es, with a little more finery than the Spartans 
of the Keystone State indulge in, a good step and 
lively bands helped tiie commonwealth across the 
Nortii River to make an excellent soldierly show- 
ing. The New-Jersey uniform prescrTbes a coat of 
longer skirts and deeper blue than the regular one, 
and the troops wore helmets instead of caps. 
There were no batteries in the parade, but each 
regiment seemed to be provided instead with a 
Gratling gun. Toward the end two or three zouave 
companies appeared. They wore the fez and leg- 

S'ngi, with trousers of a glaring shade of red. One of 
em had a band, which very appropriately struck 
up ** Kazzle Dazzle," as it got near the President. 
Everybody laughed, but the bandmaster couldn't 
Bee tiie joke. Governor Green, General Harrison's 
host at Elizabcfth on Monday, rode at the head 
of the column. General and ex-Senator W. J. 
Sewell was in command of the Second Brigade, 
which really marched first. 

Governor Gordon, of Georgia, had the avenue 
practically to himself when Georgia's turn came. 
He is a graceful horseman, wore spurs, and made 
his horse dance spiritedly. He was recognized by 
the crowd, which cheered him heartily. 


Governor Bulkeley, of Connecticut, who fol- 
lowed Governor Gordon, did not wear spurs. He 
rode along modestly and saluted the President 
with soldierly precision. The Foot Guards he 
brought with him outshone anything that had 
gone before in the parade. Each man wore a 
red coat, white trousers, black leggings, and a 

black furry cap, with the coat-of-arms of the State 
on the front. After the gorgeous Foot Guards 
came the 4th Connecticut Begimcnt, in a blue 
uniform, something like that of the New-Jersey 

Governor Oliver Ames, of Massachusetts, like 
Governor Bulkeley. wore no spurs. He 
made a striking ngure, however, and was 
freely applauded. Two corps of cadets, a 
military affectation popular in the Bav State, with 
cadet bands, acted as escort to the Governor. 
Colonel William A. Bancroft, the famous Harvard 
oarsman and coach, was at the head of the 5th 
Hegiment, which came out in unusual strength. 
The Ancient and Honorable Artillery of Boston 
was the rear guard. It eclipsed the splendor of 
the Connecticut Foot Guards as much as the Foot 
Guards had dimmed the lustre of the plainer blue 
coats toward the front of the i)arade. Every 
member of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery is, 
or ought to be, a brigadier-general. The com- 
mand yesterday turned out about 300 strong, in 
about 300 different Idnds of uniforms, from that of 
an old Continental private to that of a European 
field marshal. This kaleidoscopic display may 
have been a shock to the nerves of the military 
experts, but it gave undiluted joy tolhe Philistines 
on the sidewalks, and a shout of welcome met tiie 
first file of the artillerymen, which never broke in 
force till the backs of the last file were disappear- 
ing up the avenue. 

Maryland, the next State to ratify the 
Constitution, was represented chiefly by 
the 5th Kegiment^ oi Baltimore, whose 
band forgot to play "Maryland, My 
Maryland," to the great surprise of everybody. 
Grovernor Jackson, it was said, was ill. Perhaps 
that made the difference. 


South Carolina's Governor rode in a carriage. 
Like all the Southern Governors, he had a popular 
welcome. Six or eifi^t companies acted as his 

escort. New-Hampshire sent three regiments, all 
fine-looking organizations. Governor Sawyer rode 
at the head of the line. The Granite State troops 
wear a uniform much like that of New- 
Jersey. Virginia followed New-Hampshire, 
and Governor Fitzhush Lee had a chance 
to repeat the triumph he achieved at Washington 
at tiie inauguration of President Cleveland. 
Wearing boot and spur, and gallantly lifting his 
hat to the applauding multitudes, he made his 
way slowly past the stands. Ihe band behind 
him struck up "* Auld Lang Syne" as he neared 
the reviewing box, and some one suggested that 
the air would recommend itself to President 
Cleveland. General Harrison saluted the Vir- 
ginia Governor gracefully, but Mr. Cleveland did 
not look around. The Governor's es- 
cort was made up ol a lot of sei3- 
arate Virginia companies, many in gray 
uniform. They dropped the sixteen formation of 
the other troops and marched by fours. 

Governor Lee once by, another " popular hero" 
appeared. Governor Hill was rloing up alongside 
of General Josiah Porter, followed by the New. 
York staff. The Governor seemed ill at ease 
on his horse, and dropped one rein as he came 
abreast of the reviewing stand. An orderly picked 
it up, and the procession started again. A few 
yards further the rein fell again, and again 
the staff had to halt. The Governor recovered 
himself enough to salute the President, and 
the staff went by. President Cleveland had got 
up to go as the New- York troops came in sight, 
bjit he stopped and stood on the platfojm for a 
few minutes longer watching them. The New- 
York formation is familiar, and it is enough to 
say that the 7th Regiment led it with customary 
brilliancy and precision. No marching called out 
more general a ad hearty praise. 


After the white-crossed belts of the 7th had 
disappeared, the regular uniform, spiked helmets, 
blue coats and white leggings, of the State troops 
came in with, the 60th, and lasted for miles and 
miles, except when the white coats, blue trousers 
and white leggings of the *i2i\ Regiment broke 
the monotony, ** Pat" Gllmore headed this regi- 
ment with his melodious band. He pulled them 
up in the middle of a stirring march and started 
them into " Hail to the Chief" as they passed 
under the President's eye. The 71st Kegimenb 
band varied their musical programme by play- 
ing the Doxology. The New-York men all appeared 
well, the separate companies especially^ showing 
the result of much drilling. The batteries, heavy 
artillery and Gatling <runs rattled and rumbled 
along in good shape, the red plumes of the men 
affording a -^pvelcome variety in the forest of 
spiked helmets that covered the infantry. 

Brigadier-General McLeer led the Second Bri- 
gade, and immediately behind him and the red- 
coated 13th Regiment band rode Chaplain Tal. 
mage, bowing to right and left and lifting his 
slouched hat in aoknowledsrment of the cheers. 
The 14th came next, its first company commanded 
by a one-armed, gray-bearded captain, who gave a 
veteran air to the whole regiment. The 23d, the 

f)ride of Brooklyn, passed with steady tramp, its 
ong column of red-trousered men stretching over 
several blocks of the rottc. The Buffalo regi- 
ments won applause from the spectators, and the 
Albany troops were not forgotten. 


Jnst before the towering bearskin shakos and 

portly forms of the Old Guard set the multitude 

to applauding, Mr. Cleveland- tired of the 

show, and after taking counsel with 

Inspector Steers as to the most promising place 
through which to squeeze, disappeared.' 
President Harrison stood the fatigue manfully, 
lrar€(ly sitting down, answering every salute 
courteously, and taking off Ma \m^^ ^'vsssi^'e^'et '^'^ 



Stars and Stripes oame within saluting range. 

Gk>vemor Fowle, of North Carolina, was borne 
by in a carriage, followed hy a few companies 
of State troops. Bhode Island's Governor, artil- 
lery and famous Reeves band, of Providence, came 
next. Governor Dillingham, of Vermont, whose 
refined face, flowing doak and high-stepping 
horse won him much applause, led a column 
of well-tanned, well-drilled troops, each man with 
a piece of evergreen in his helmet. Governor 
Buolmer, of Kentucky* roused a really mediaeval 
enthusiasm by his flowing black plume and fine 

A gaudily uniformed hussar led the van of 
the Ohio troops. Governor Foraker had his 
usual enthusiastic reception, but the captain of 
tiie last company of the hussars, the 1st Gleve- 
land Troop, carried oflf the honors, fOB President 
Harrison's laughing glance followed the antics 
of his dancing horse till he was well past the stand. 
The Ohio troops were in heavy marching order, 
like the Pennsylvania troops, and the dark uni- 
forms of faded blue gave them an air of having 
seen service. They marched well, the 2d Regi- 
ment from Canton and the 16th from Sandusky 
being perhaps most noticeable for soldierly 


The many-colored clothing of the Louisiana, 
Missouri and Florida troops came out in strong re- 
lief after the monotony of the Ohio men. The 
Michigan Cadets, who wear white helmets and 
white duck trousers, and have the reputation of 
being one of the best-drilled companies in the 
country, halted before the Fifth Avenue Hotel 

and amused the crowd with various performances, 
vocal and otherwise. When Texas was reached 
in the line, the crowds cheered the white-suited 
Belknap iiiSes, who looked like a company of 
English yachting dukes. 

The New- York troop& were an hour in passing 
the stand, ending at 4 : 25 p. m. The troops fol- 
lowing them occupied the field of vision for an 
hour and ten minutes, and then the head of the 
Grand Army column appeared. 

Greneral Harrison bowed low with uncovered 
head as each tattered, bullet-riddled, old flag was 
carried by, waving over the dark ranks of gray- 
headed men. An occasional empty sleeve, limp- 
ing toot, or wasted form showed that parading 
was for them a duty to memories of the past 
rather than a pleasure of the present. For more 
than an hour these veterans in blue filed past, 
cheering and saluting the President. The two 
little midgets dressed to represent Grcorge and 
Martha "Washington got a bow and a smile from 
General Harrison direct, while a somewhat un- 
steady and loud-voiced veteran who broke from 
the ranlts to kiss his hand again and again to 
the President^ and shout "God bless the dear 
old Grand Army medal," as he pointed to the 
single decoration on General Harrison's breast, 
retired to silence and the ranks in time to save 
himself from the attention of the police. 


Ii was about 2 o'clock when the head of the 

procession reached Fifty-seventh-st. and Fifth-ave., 

where it disbanded. The men looked pretty well 

tired out and stepped with an evident weariness. 

Those who had quarters or were to take a boat 

or train on the east side of the city, turned to the 
right at Fifty-seventh-st., the others marching to 
the left. This relieved ihe pressure, and delays 
were consequently much lessened both in fre- 
quency and length. Some of the regiments 
marched directly to the boats, others went to 
their quarters in a body, some disbanded and 
struck out for the nearest place to get something 
to eat or drink, and then took the cars for their 
ni-mories. It was after half-past 6 when the 

last of the G. A. B. men reached the disbanding 

JtMt as the President arrived at the reviewing 
stand, a live American eagle was let fly from tiie 
roof of the Fifth Avenue Hotel. It rose high in 
the air for a moment and then gradually fluttered 
down toward the street A rush was made for 
it by the crowd, but a nimble youngster cap- 
tured it. He carried tiie bird in triumph into 
the corridor of the hotel amid general applause. 
One patriot ofllered $20 for the noble captive. 
Another bid $5 more and the boy accepted the 
olTer, while the bystanders cheered. The eagle 
belonged to James J. Murray, of No. 857 Grand-st 

Another striking incident of the parade was the 
throwing of fruit and bonbons to tne troops from 
the windows along the line of march. Wnen the 
regiments halted to wait for the President to pass 
by toward Madison Square, many were forced to 
stand for a half-hour or longer in the blocks be- 
tween Wall-st. and Twentieth-st. In lower Fifth- 
ave. a streak of orange throwing was developed ; 
at other points sandwiches and flowers were tossed 
out. In one instance, opposite the Postofiioe, a 
large packet of sandwiches was thrown, and skil- 
fully caught by a Massachusetts soldier on his 
bayonet. In at least one case, however, generosity 
of this sort resulted in a somewhat costly accident^ 
for a large plate-glass window was broken at No. 
300 Broadway by a beer bottle on the end of a 
string. Somebody in an upper story tried to swing 
the bottle out to a thirsty soldier, but did not qu'te 
reach him, and the window was shattered on the 
return swing. 









General Schofield, Commander-in-Chief, and his staff 
took up their position at the head of the parade at 
a. m., at Broadway and Pine-st. The hour of meet* 
Ing was 9:80, but long before that time the streets 
were packed with people. General Schofield was 
quickly recognized as he galloped to the rvndesvous and 
was received with cheers. Other well-known members 
of his staff were greeted with apl)lause. The prooes* 
slon started twenty-five minutes after 10 o'clock. The 
staff made a fine display In their handsome uniforms. 
The order was as follows: General 8ohofield,i Colonel 
6. V. R. Cruger, chief of starf. General 6ohofield*8 
personal staff ; General T. M. Vincent. U. 6. A. ; Lieu- 
tenant C. B. Schofield, U. S. A.; Lieutenants T. "& 
Bliss and John Pitcher, D. B. A. 

Aides followed who represented twenty-three dif- 
ferent States. Jhe list Is as follows : Oolonel BenJ^uain 
Whltely, Delaware; Colonel Frank Reeder, Pennsyl- 
vania; Colonel E. Merldith Dickinson, New- Jersey; 
Colonel Beaton Greenland, Georgia; Captain Phineas 
H. In galls. Connecticut; Colonel R E. Cuirler, 
Massachusetts; Colonel Columbus O'Donnell, Mary- 
land; Colonel Leroy Springs, South Carolina; Colonel 
R. M. Seaman, New-Hampshire; Major Norman G. 
Randolph, Virginia; General D. D. Wayne, New-York; 
Captain B. Cameron, North Carolina; General R H. 
Rhodes, Rhode Island; General Edward H. Ripley, 
Vermont; Colonel Morris H. Belknap, Kentucky; 
Colonel H. C. Corbin, Ohio; General Henry M. 
Sprague, Maine; Colonel Charles H. Jones, Mteooii: 
Colonel Albert W. Gilchrist, Florida; Colonel W* H. 



Stone, Kansas; and Major J. C. Alderson, West Vlr- 

The acting and extra aides were these: Colonel J. 
J. Copplnger, U. 8. A. ; Captain Stanhope E. Blunt, 
U. S. A. ; Captain Zallnskl, U. 8. A. ; Lieutenant 
ISiomas J. Lewis, U. 8. A. ; Lieutenant H. 8. Whip- 
ple, U. 8. A.; Lieutenant C. G. Treat, U. & A.: 
Lieutenant A. B. Andrews, U. 8. A. ; Commodore 
Junes Duncan, U. S. N. ; Surgeon M. L. Ruth, U. 8. 
N. ; Lieutenant Alfred M. Knight, U. 8. N. ; General 
Horatio C. King, General Daniel W. Butterfield, Gen- 
eraf Joseph C. Jackson, General Michael Kerwln. 
General L. T Barney, General Henry L. Burnett. 
General Joseph B. Carr, General William G. Ward; 
General Martin T. McMahon, Colonel C. N. 8wlft, 
Colonel David Morrison, Colonel £. A. McAlpin, 
Colonel Charles R. Bralne, Colonel A. M. Clark, 
Colonel Johnson L. De Puyster, Colonel Archie £. 
Banta^ Colonel Thomas B. Scott, Colonel Finley An- 
derson, Colonel Lee Chamberlin, Colonel William C. 
Churchy Colonel J. Schuyler Crosby, Colonel John 
Ward, Colonel Harvey M. Alden, Colonel John W. 
Jacobus, Colonel C. L. Burgess, Colonel John Don. 
Colonel John W. Marshall, Colonel Floyd Clarkson, 
Colonel Shaughnessy, Colonel D. W. C. Ward, Colo- 
nel Cavanagh, Major R A. Woodward, Major Morris 
B. Farr, Major McArthur, Major Charles E. Stott, 
Major William H. Bright, Major M. Searle, Captain 
William H. Murphy, Captain W. Emlen Roosevelt, 
Ci^tain Obed Wheeler, Captain Waldo Sprague, Cap- 
tain Joseph P. Jardine, Captain G. W. Collins, Cap- 
tain H. D. Lockwood, Captain E. A. Des Murets, Cap- 
tain H. D. Turner, Captain A. H. Herts, Captain A. 
P. Hartman, Lieutenant A. F. Schermerhom, Lieu- 
tenant John N. Goldlng, Lieutenant George A. Clem- 
ent, Lieutenant William C. Fish, Lieutenant Oliver 
Harrlman, jr., William E. Van Wyck, Newbold Mor- 
ris, G. Crelghton Webb, Arthur De Wlndt, Lewis H 
Livingston, Oliver S. Teall, Miles Standish and George 
W. Dellaway. 


Immediately following the aides came a picked 
deAaohment of cavalry, comprising Troop B of the 
6th Regiment, commanded by Captain Anderson and 
Lieutenants Quay and Baird, and Troop B of the 4th 
Regiment, under the command of Captain Parker and 
JLleutenants Beber and Elliott. The entire battalion 
numbered 112 men, and were led by Major Carpenter. 
The men, who early took up their position midway 
between Pine and Wall sts., presented a brilliant 
spectacle In their beautiful uniforms, as, after one or 
two evolutions, they fronted into line, their sabres 
lettering in the sunlight. Each man sat on his horse 
like an Apache, and many and loud were the ex- 
clamations of admiration which their really superb 
appearance evoked from the crowded sidewalks. 
For a few minutes the cavalcade of horsemen re- 
mained in position, with the commander-in^hief at? 
their head, perfectly motionless, waitlne the arrival 
of the President Then, borne on the breeze, oaane 
the noise of a distant cheer, a noise that Krew louder 
and louder and gradually swelled into a deafening 
roar as the sober-looking carriage of the President*, 
drawn by four horses, came into sl^ht. A sauad 
of mounted policemen preceded the procession, which 
consisted of ten carriaf^es. That occupied by the 
President and Vice-President was second in order, and 
Mr. Harrison lifted his hat repeatedly and bowed, in 
response to the vociferous shouts which greeted hinL 
At a signal from General Schofleld the whole cavalcade 
of aides removed their headgear and saluted the Presi- 

The Presidential party had disappeared into Fine- 
st, scarcely more than a couple of minutes, when 
General Schofleld gave the order to move forward, 
and amid the resounding noise of bands, the shouts of 
Officers and the applause of the crowd, the parade 

The other soldiers of the Regular Army were drawn 
up in Morris-st., and with those mentioned above 
brought the entire strength of Uncle Sam's soldiers 
who formed downtown for the parade to over 1.000 
men. They wore the regulation blue uniform, and the 
clock-like precision and ease with which they fell into 
line and awaited their turn to fail in behind the 
cadets showed the value of their military training. 
The organizations in Morris-st which took part fit 
the parade were these: 

Light Battery F and Batteries E, H and I, and band, 
5th ArtlUeiT. from Fort Hamilton, N. Y. H. ; Batfcerles 
K and M. 2d Artillery, and Battery B, 5th Artillery, 
from Fort WadswOrth, N. Y. H. ; Batteries A, C and 
L, 5th Artillery, from Fort Columbus, N. Y. H. ; 
Batteries K and M, 5th Artillery, from Fort Schuyler, 
N. Y. H. ; Batteries D, G and I. 3d Artillery from 
Fori McHenry, Md. ; Headquarters band. Light Bat- 
tery C and Batteries A, E, H, K and L, 8d Artillery, 
from Washington Barracks, D. C. ; Headquartei's band. 
Light Battery B and Batteries E, G and L, 4th Artil- 
lery, from Fort Adams, R. I. ; Batteries A and C, 4th 
Artillery, from Fort Trumbull, Conn. ; Battery I, 4th 
Artillery, from Fort Warren. Mass.: Headquarters 
band and Companies A, D, G, H and I, 11th Infantry, 
from Madison Barracks, N. Y. 

The following field officers accompanied the troops : 
Colonel Richard I. Dodge, 11th Infantry; Colonel 
Horatio G. Gibson, 3d Artillery; Lieutenant-Colonel 
Edward G. Bush, 11th Infantry; Lieutenant-Colonel 
Richard Lodor, 5th Artillery ; Lieutenant-Colonel Rich- 
ard H. J\ckson. 4th Artillery, Major Abraham C. 
Wildrlck, 5th Artillery; Major Charles B. Throckmop. 
ton, 2d Artillery ; Major TuUy McCrea. 5th Artillery. 



The National Guard of the State of New- York made 
A fine display. At their head rode Governor HIU. ao- 
companled by tlie following staff: Major^General Jo- 
slah Porter, Adjlutant-General ; Brigadier-General 
Charles F. Robblns, general Inspector of rifle practice : 
Brigadieir-General Joseph D. Bryant, surgeon-general; 
Brigadier-General George S. Field, chief of engineers; 
Brigadier-General Joshua M. Varian, chief of ordnance ; 
Brigadier-General Emil Schaefer, inspector-general; 
Brigadier-General Ralph Brandreth, commissary-gen- 
eral of subsistence ; Brigadier-General Walter O. Stokes, 
paymaster-geneiral; BrlgadleivGeneral Clifford A. H. 
Bartlett, judge-advocate-general ; Brlgadlei -General 
Ferdinand P. Earle, chief of artillery ; Colonel Edmund 
L. Judson, second, military secretary ; Colonel Hugh 
O'Donoghue, Colonel Albert B. Hilton, Colonel George 
B. McClellan. Colonel William F. Lansing. Colonel 
Marcus D. Russell, aides-de-camp. 

Next came the First Brigade, composed of the New- 
York City troops. They turned out with full ranks. 
At their head rode Brigadier-General Louis Fitzgerald. 
His staff was composed of the following 
officers: Lieutenant-Colonel Benjamin S. Church, 
supernumerary, detailed as engineer; Lieutenant-Colo, 
nel Robert W. Leonard, assistant adjutant-general; 
Major Stephen H. Olln, judge-advocate ; Major C. Law- 
rence Perkins, commissary of subsistence ; Major R. y. 
McKlm, surgeon; Major Paul Dana, ordnance officer; 
Major Auguste P. Montant, inspector; Major Wendell 
Goodwin, quartermaster; Major David Crocker, In- 
spector of rifle practice ; Captain Francis R. Appleton, 
aide-de-camp ; Major Edmund C. Stanton, supernumer- 
ary, detailed as signal officer; Captain Albert Gallup, 
signal officer. 

Troop A, 1st Dragoons, made Its maiden parade 
since Its admission to the National Guard. It consisted 
of fifty well-mounted men, in the State service uniform. 



with yellow trimmings. The troop was under th* oom- 
mand of Captain Charles F. Roe. and acted as an es- 
cort to the Governor. 

The first organization behind the cavalry in line, by 
▼Irtue of the seniority of its commander, was the 
temous 7th Regiment. Colonel Emmons Clark. His 
field and staff ofBcers were as follows: Lieutenant- 
Colonel George Moore Smith, Major William H. Klpp, 
Adjutant George W. Rand, Major Daniel M. 6tinson, 
surgeon ; Captain William H. Palmer, Inspector of rifle 
practice; Captain William A. Valentine, assistant sur- 
geon; First Lieutenant John F. Long, quartermaster; 
First Lieutenant Walter G. Schuyler, commissary of 
subsistence; chaplain, the Rev. Dr. John B. Pazton. 
The regiment was divided Into twenty commands, and 
there were 1,000 men in the ranks. Cappa*s regimental 
band, and a full drum corps, under the veteran Drum- 
Major John Smith, preceded it. The regiment wore 
Its distinctive gray uniform, with white belts and 
black helmets. 


Next came the gallant 60th Regiment with a full 
drum corps and band, and 000 officers and men. It 
was In sixteen commands, each of twenty files front, 
and was greeted with contlnuaus applause. At the 
head of the regiment rode Colonel James Cavanagh 
with the following staff officers behind him: Major 
James R Kelly, surgeon ; Captain John J. Ryan, in- 
spector of rifle practice; First Lieutenant James 
Joseph Ward, quartermaster; First Lieutenant Robert 
£. Ford, commissary of subsistence ; Chaplain Matthew 
P. Breen. The field and staff officers with the column 
were as follows: Lieutenant-Colonel James Moran; 
iFirst Lieutenant John Murphy, adjutant; Major 
Edward Duffy, llils regiment was in State service 
unUorm, like all the regiments of the brigade except 
the 7th and 22d. 

The 8th Regiment ft)llowed under the command of 
Colonel George D. Scott. The regiment marched in eight 
commands, with itis ambulance corps brlneri'iii; up the 
rear, and a fine band and a full drum corps, under 
the veteran Drum-Major MoKeever, in front. Colonel 
Scott's field and staff officers were as follows: Major 
Charles E. Bruce, surgeon; Captain Edward Barker, 
Inspector of rifle practice; Captain Daniel Hemminx- 
way, assistant surgeon; Adjutant Georee L. Went- 
worth; First Lieutenant Henry G. Rldabick, 
quartermaster; Chaplain Wesley R. DaVis. 
The 8th Regiment had 400 men In the parade. 

The 0th Regiment had eleven commands and num- 
bered 650 men. Colonel William Seward, Jr., mounted 
on a handsome black charger, was In command. His 
field and staff officers were as follows : Lieutenant- 
Colonel Thomas B. Rand, First Lieutenant Yellott D. 
Decherti adjutant; Major Alvah H. Doty, surgeon; 
Captain G. Henry Witthaus, supernumerary, attached; 
Captain Kasson C. Gibson, Inspector of rifle practice; 
Captain Charles N. Thompson, assistant surgeon ; First 
Lieutenant Dana B. Pratt, quartermaster* Chaplain 
Kewland Maynard. 


The 22d Regiment wore its distinctive uniform- 
white coats and blue trousers. Gllmore's regimental 
band was at the head of its column. There were 
550 men in the ranks, divided into eleven commands. 
Colonel John T. Camp rode at the head of the regiment. 
His field and staff officers were as follows : Lieutenant- 
Colonel George A, Miller, First Lieutenant William 
B. Smith, adjutant; Major William V. King, Major 
William R. Pryor, surgeon; Captain Albert T. Weston, 
assistant surgeon; First Lieutenant Thomas L. Miller, 
^uMriermaBter; First Lieutenant Joseph M. Smith, 

commissary of subsistence; Chaplain WUliam N. Dun- 

The 71st Regiment had 510 offloers and men, and 
was under the able command of Colonel Frederick 
Kopper, whose field and staff of officers were as 
follows : Major, Wallace A. Downs, Major. E. T. T. 
Marsh, surgeon; Captain Charles H Hoyt, inspeotor 
of rifle practice; Captain Charles C. 
Osborne, assistant surgeon; Adjutant Philip 
S. Tilden, First Lieutendant Edgar 6. 
Auchincloss, commissary of subsistence. The regi- 
ment was divided into nine commands. 

Last of the infantry of the First Brigade marched Ihe 
12th Regiment. It was divided into eleven eom- 
mands, and had 550 men in the ranks. Colonel 
Thomas H. Barber was in command, and his field and 
staff officers were as follows: Lieutenant-Colonel 
Heman Dowd, Adjutant Charles M. Jesnp, Major 
Nelson M. Henry, surgeon; Captain Weber G. Owen, 
inspector of rifle practice; First Lieutenant Ed- 
ward R. Powers, quartermaster; First Lieutenant J. 
Morgan Wing, commissary of subsistence; Chaplain 
Roderick Terry. 

The 1st and 2d Batteries, 100 men in each organica- 
tion, were at the rear of the First Brigade. Captain 
Louis Wendel commanded the 1st Battery, and Cap- 
tain David W^ilson the 2d. 


The Brooklyn troops, comprising the Second Brigade 
with the Washington Light Infantry, passed in review 
before Mayor Chapin and the city officials at the 
Brooklyn City Hall on the way to this city. Their 
line in the great parade in this city was formed as 
follows : 13th, 82d, 47th, 14th and 23d regiments, and 
the 3d Battery. All were dressed in the State ser- 
vice uniform, navy-blue jackets, blue trousers wlih 
white leggings, and black helmets with spikes. The 
uniform of the battery was blue trou<*ers with a red 
stripe, cavalry boots, navy-blue Jacket with red cord 
and tassel, and black helmet with a red plume. The 
line was drawn up in WiUIam-st., with the right 
resting on Pine-st Brigadler^General McLeer rode at 
the head of the column. With him were his staff, as 
follows: Lieutenant-Colonel John B. Frothlngham, 
brevet-colonel, assistant adjutant-general ; Major Gus- 
tav A. Jahn, inspector; Major George L. Fox, In- 
spector of rifle practice; Major Frank Lyman, en- 
gineer; Major George Kinkol, Jr., ordnance officer; 
Major George R. Fowler, surgeon; Major Almet F. 
Jenlis, Judge-advocate; Major Fritz Brose, commis- 
sary of subsistence; Captain Frank D. Beard, aide- 
de-camp, and Captain Edward Annan, Jr., aide-de- 

Next came the Signal Corps to the number of 
twenty-four, carrying their flags and other imple- 
ments, and commanded by Captain Frederick T. 
Leigh, supernumerary, attached as signal officer. 

The 13th Regiment was commanded by Colonel 
David E. Austen. Other commissioned officers who 
were mounted were Major Richard P. Morle, Adjutant 
William H. Coughlin, Quartermaster Charles 3^em- 
berg. Commissary Jeie. A. Wemberg, Inspector of 
Rifle Practice Theodore H Babcock, and Chaplain T. 
De Witt Talmage. The regiment paraded in fifteen 
companies, of twenty files front. 

Following the 13 th was the S2d R^ment, com- 
manded by Colonel Louis Flnkelmeier. His staff was 
Lieutenant-Colonel Henry E. dark. Major Edward 
Verdrekberg, Adjutant William Van der Clute. Quar- 
termaster J. R. Teel, Commissary George Zeohiel, In- 
spector of Rifle Practice Van D. Macumber, and Chxih 
lain E. A. Meury. 




Thie 4:7th Regiment was next In line, parading 

with the largest number of men it has ever turned 

•oat. Colonel Edward F. Gaylor was In command, and 

tbm staff was Lieutenant-Colonel FredericlE S. Benson, 

llajor John G. Eddy, Adjutant William H. Hubbell, 

Chi4»laln Henry E. Powell. Inspector of Blfle Practice 
i^vah G. Brown, Quartermaster Edward Mllner, 
•Commissary Warren E. Smith. The command num- 
bered 448 men of eight companies. 

Next In order was the Idth Regiment, Colonel 
Hany W. Miohell commanding, with this staff: Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Seldon C. Clobrldge, Adjutant Alfred 
B. Campbell, Quartermaster Alexander Bamle, jr., 
'Commissary Walter H. Fitzgerald, Inspector of Rifle 
Practice Ramon Cardona, Chaplain J. Oramel Peck. 

The 28d Regiment came next with the largest 
kiumber of any organization in the brigade. The 
•fegiment was divided into sixteen companies of twen^ 
files front. Colonel John N. Partridge's staff was 
Lieutenant-Colonel Alexis C. Smith, Major Charles E. 
Waters, Lieutenant George E. Hall, who acted as ad- 
jutant In the absence of Adjutant Slllcochs; Quarter- 
master Arthur A. Thompson, Commissary Richard 
Oliver, Inspector of Rifle Practice Heywood C. Brown, 
Chaplain Robert R. Meredith. 

The left of the Second Brigade was held by the 3d 
Battery. Captain Henry S. Rasquln commanding. 
The battery consisted of seventy-five mounted men 
"With four Gatling guns. 


The Third Brigade of the National Guard, Brigadier- 
•General A. Parker, jr., commanding, and Colonel J. B. 
McEwan, assistant adjutant-general, formed in Wash- 

The 10th Battalion, of Albany, was commanded by 
iieutenant-Colonel W. E. Fitch. 

The staff of the 1st Provisional Regiment was as fol- 
lows: Colonel commanding, Lieutenant-Colonel W. J. 
Harding; lieutenant-colonel, Major Henry Chauncey, 
of the 8th New-York; major, Captain W. Haubenastel, 
-of the 10th Separate Company ; adjutant, H. A. Beneke, 
of the 22d Regiment; commissary, First Lieutenant 
Wlswell, of the 13th Regiment; quartermaster. First 
•Lieutenant Broome, of the 22d Regiment; Inspector 
of rifle practice, Lieutenant George Miller, of the 23d 
Regiment : surgeon. First Lieutenant Fritz, of the 23d 
-Separate Company ; assistant surgeon. First Lieutenant 
O. W. CrispelL of the Idth Separate Company. The 
.droops were : The Idth Separate Company of Yonkers, 
seventy-eight men; 5th Separate Company of New- 
burg, ninety men; 10th Separate Company of New- 
burg, fifty-one men ; 11th Separate Company of Mount 
Vernon, eighty men ; 14th Separate Company of Klngs- 
twi, flfty-flve men ; JLOth Separate Company, of Pough- 
%eepBle, fifty-six men; 19th Separate Company, of 
Poughkeepsle, ninety-three men; 23d Separate Com- 
.pany of Hudson, seventy-three men; 24th Separate 
Company of Mlddletown, flfty-nlne men. 

The 2d Provisional Regiment turned out 862 
men all told. Its staff was as follows: Colonel com- 
manding, Alexander S. Bacon; Lieutenant-Colonel 
Clifford L. Middleton, supernumerary ; Major Howland 
D. Perrlne, supernumerary ; Adiutant, Lieutenant 
•O. F. Hamlin, of the 23d Regiment; Surgeon, Colonel 
W. F. Duncan; Assistant Surgeon, B. C. Church; 
Quairterm aster. Major W. W. Goodrioh, supernumerary ; 
llnspeetor of Rifle Practice, Lieutenant w. P. Pickett, 
«f the 23d Regiment; Commissary, Lieutenant Louis 
■C. Coudert. The companies were the 3d Separate 
Compeny, of Oneonta; 6th Separate Company, of Troy ; 
7th Separate Company, of Cohoee ; 12th Separate Com- 
Dony, of Troy ; 27th Separate Company, of Miilone ; 
'22d Separate Company, of Saratoga; 32d Separate 
Company, of Hoosick Falls. 

The staff of the 3d Provisional Regiment was as 
foUowB*. Colonel commanding. Lieutenant-Colonel J. 
A. Denison; Acting Lieutenant-Colonel, Captain J. H. 
Bemmer, of Utlca; I^Iajor, Captain M. W. Marvln,^f 
the 33d Separate Company; Adjutanit, Lieutenant- 
Colonel G.J. Greene, of the 10th Battalion ; Surgeon, 
D. S. BuiT, of the 20th Separate Company; Assistant 
Surgeon, M. L. Smith, of the 30th Separate Com- 
fwny. The troops In line were the 20th Separate 
-Company, of Binghamton, 84 men; 31st Separate 
Company, of Mohawk, 70 men ; 33d Separate Company 
of Walton, 93 men ; 35th Separate Company, of Ogdens- 
burg, 85 men ; 36th Separate Company, of Schenectady, 
•90 men; 37th Separate Company, of Schenectady^ 
61 men; 39th Separate Company, of Watertown, 77 
men; 44th Separate Company, of Utica, 85 men; 

46th Separate Company, of Amsterdam, 92 men; 
6th Battery. 


The Fourth Brigade, composed of nearly 2,500 
men, formed along Nassau-st., tfrom Pine-st. to 
Park Row. The brigade was composed of the 4th 
Provisional Regiment, the 74th, the 65th, the 5th 
Battery, and the Old Guard Veteran Battalion. The 
companies were from Buffalo, Elmlra, Syracuse, Auburn 
and Oswego, and all wore the regulation State uni- 
form of the militia. The companies from Syracuse, 
Elmlra and Auburn were the largest, all of them 
mustering nearly 100 men. Brigadier-General Peter 
C. Boyle, of Buffalo, was the commanding officer. 
His staff included Colonel Charles Clifton, assistant 
adjutant-general; Major Edward S. Warren, quarter- 
master; Major Edson J. Weeks, commissary; Major 
Edmund Hayes, en^neer; Major Allen H. Hardwicke, 
inspector-general; Major Herbert P. Blssell, judge- 
advocate; Major F. H. Jewett, ordnance officer; 
Roswell Park, surgeon; Captain Frank R. Keating 
and Charles R. Wilson, aides. 

The 4th Provisional Regiment had the rl^t of 
the line in the brigade. Colonel Samuel M. Welch, 
jr., of the 65th Regiment, of Buffalo, was in com- 
mand. The companies turned out from 75 
to 100 men each. Colonel Welch's staff consisted 
of Adjutant W. H. Chapln, Lieutenant-Colonel 
Nathaniel Rochester, Major James Bacon, Quarter- 
master George J. Metzger ; surgeons, Captain Floyd S. 
Crego and John Gerln; commissary. Lieutenant K 
M. Hoffman. The companies were: The 8th, of 
Rochester; 26th, of Elmlra; 45th, of Cortland; 2d, 
of Auburn ; 38th, of Oswego ; 41st, of Syracuse ; 40th, 
Syracuse; 29th, Oswego. 

Lieutenant-Colonel u. S. Johnson, of Buffalo, com- 
manded the 74th. His staff was composed of Major 
George A. Davis, Inspector William FranMln, Major 
George W. York, Quartermaster Henry R. Clark, Com- 
missary Willis R. Buck; Chaplain, the Rev. Walter 

The 65th Regiment was commanded by Lieutenant- 
Colonel John E. Roble, with a staff composed of Major 
William S. Parsons, Captain Henry Menker. acting 
major; Surgeons A. H. Briggs and Dr, Bemis, Adjutant 
A. J. Myer, Commissary O. B. Nichols, Quartermaater 
Harvey Putnam ; Chaplain, the Rev. Dr. Francis Lob- 

The 5th Battery, from Syracuse, was commanded 
by Captain N. Auer, with a staff of Lieutenants A. D. 
Hayes, W. H. Gadon, John N. Bates, and Major 
Gregory Doyle. The battery had four guns and 
caissons, fifty horses, and numbered seventy-eight 

The Old Guard, commanded by George Washington 
McLean, brought up the rear of this brigade. The 
Guard turned out nearly 100 strong In their tall bear- 
skin caps and light uniforms. Among the veterans 
in line were Captain Sloan, Adjutant J. E. Hoagland, 
Lieutenants W. P, McCasker and Eben B. Woodward, 

Commissioner Jacob Hess, Surrogate Ransom, Robert 
0. Brown. George Wyatt, David M. Hll- 
dreth, Mark Layman, Benjamin Giurney, Captain 
William White. Augustus C. Pete^ John C. Copeland, 
James P. Whltfleld, James F. Wenman, Charlee S. 
Chumar and General Hatfield. Dodworth's Band of 
forty pieces led the Guard. 


Outside of the Empire State, the best display of 
visiting mUltla in point of niunbers was that of the 
Keystone Commonwealth. The First Brigade of the 
Pennsylvania troops contained 2,195 men and 145 
ofiicers, a total of 2,340. They were commanded by 
General George R. Snowden. The uniform < was that 
of the regular heavy maiojhing order. The staff officers 
were as follows: Assistant Adjutant-General, Major 
Charles H. Townsend; Inspector, Major A. Lawrence 
Wetherell; Quartermaster, Ralph Culllman; Surgeon, 
Major Rush S. Huydekoper; Judge Advocfite, Major 
T. Dewltt Cuyler; Adjutant, Colonel George H. 
North; Aides-de-camp, Captain James A. G. Camp- 
bell and Captain David Lewis, Jr. Following is a 
list of the commanders of the several reglmentH. <it 



this brliadc, with the ragtmeDtkl itklti: &d R«gl- 
BMDt, 601 men, in ten oompuilM, Colonel Robert P. 
Deehart, Lteutenant-Colonol O. B. Bo«by«bell, 
J. fi. Potter, Adjutuit A. H. Hartuni, Quutennmste] 
John A. Fnuka, Bui^eon Engena Townaanil, Asalat&nl 
Ba^eons W. h. Baker, Heiman Burglui, 
Chaplain Heoiy C. UoCook, Paymaster J 
F. nreuel ana CktmmluaiT C. A. Widmayer . 
Ath KeElmenC, el^t oompaol«s, 460 men—Colonei 
John W. Sehall, Lleatenant-Colonel P. M. Wuliabraugb, 
Major B. A. BhSDloD, 8urKeon-Ma]ac J. K. Weaver, 
Adjotaat T. K. Clyde ; Sd Beglment, Alght comparl 
401 men— Colonel B. BonnaSon, Jr., Lieutenant- Co la 
John P. Cenner, Adlutant J. P. Redteni, Quan 
naater John Bog«n, Surseon W. H. I. Zlegler, Ab- 
■tatant Burgeotia B. B. Beath, Jr., and Joseph Leldy, 
Jr., Inspector Herbert Cox, Chaplain James S. Stone 
let Beglment, ten companLea, G60 men— Colonel 
Wendell P. Bowman, UentenantrColanel T. G. HufQag- 
ton, Uajor J. Levla Qood, Adjutant F. S. Conrad, 
QuartemiaaleF F. P. Koons, Inapeotor Oaoree 
Conlaton, Paymaster F. Swayne, Surgeon J. WlUea 
O'NeUl. Stale Fenclblaa, nlth SOS men, In four 
■ompanlaa— Major W. W. Chew, Chaplain H. W. White, 
Adjutant D. H. Cooper, Quartermaster A. L. Belle- 
TlUe, Inspector J. D. Oonly ; ohlet of commlasUT, 
Captain Ooorge L. Eastman ; paymaBler, Captain 
SL El. Faaher. Gray Invlnclbtes, fltQ-sevea men- 
Captain C. A. BaJlstook. Battery A, eighty men— 
Captain a M. Btafford; lat Philadelphia CIt; Troop, 
lany-threa men— AotJng c«pt«ln. Lieutenant Joseph 
L. Wilson. 

The Second Brigade, numbering S,SOO men, was 
imder command ol General John A. Wiley, among 
wboae ataS ware Surgeon Greens. Major James 
Patleisan and Adjutant Hayes. The regiments of 
this brigade wore under eommand of the following 
eolonels, wlih their Btaffa : 10th Eaglmeat, eight 
compares— Colonel A. L. Hawkins, Lieu I en ant- Colonel 
James B. R, Btreafor. Malor B- H. UcCaskey, Chaplain 
J. L. Hunter, Adjutant S- B. Hayes, Quartermaster 
B. £. Bobbins, Surgeon George £1. Iftle, Assistant 
Burgeon John T. Jamea ; loth ItegiiiieDt, six com- 
panlea— Colonel W. A. Kreps, Lieutenant-Colonel W. 
A. Bupert, Major James Frazler, Adjutant D- P. 
Packer; I8th Keglmant. nine companies, S40 men — 
Colonel Norman U. Bmltb. Lieutenant-Colonel Frank 
I. Rutledge, Major J. C. Kay, Burgeon C. C. Wiley, 
Qaarteimaster Cbarles E. BrOKa, Inspeotor of Rifle 
PraetJce A. L. Pearson, Jr.. Adjutant Charles Reese. 
C^mmlHary A. J. Logan. Paymaster W, 
H. Davis, and Chaplain James L. Mulllean ; 
Bth Keglment, 3S7 men. In seven companies— Colonel 
Uieodore BunAfleld, LleutenantColoQel H. S. Halo. 
Hajor James T. Nickel, Adjutant W. C. Westfleld. and 
Burgeon-Major A. S. Slayer; 16fh Keglment, E75 men, 
eight eompanles— Colonel Willis J. Ilullnia. Lleul«n- 
ant-CoIonel J. O. Farmlee. Major Thomas B. Cowell. 
Adjutant H. MacSweeney, Quarlennasler E. V. Bel- 
den, Inspector Thomas Conneley, chief of commissary ; 
tJeutenant Crawford. BurKeon D. Artera. 

The Tbliil Brigade, whieli wore the regular army 
nnifonn, numbered 2,700 men, and was' com- 
manded by General J. P. 3. Gobln. 
Hli staff consisted of Surgeon-Major Will- 
iam H. Eagle, Assistant Surgeon M. A. Qherst; 
ordnance oCScer, Major John B. Bobb ; commlteary. 
Major WUll&ra H. Horn; Judge advocate. Major 
Brerett Warren ; Inspector of rllle practice. Major 
James B. Coryell; c^uartemiaster. Major H. P. Moryer; 
aide-de-camp, Captain A. W, Schullz. The regiments 
ol the Third Brigade, with their ooloncls and regi- 
mental stalTs, were : Ninth Regiment, eight companies, 
with about 350 men— Colonel M, J. Keck, Major W. 
a. Price, Adjutant J, R, Wrlihl. Quartermaster E. 
O. Mercur, loBpecCor ol RIUb Practice, C. D. Dough. 



I men— Colonel 

frank J. Magee, Lieutenant-Colonel T. F. Hoanian, 
Major Wallace uuss. Burgeon Jamoa Cariiealer, Ad- 
jutant J. A, F. Levei^oDd, Inspector of RlllB Practice 
Frank Hutton, QuortermaKter IVllUam F. Bichardson 
and chaplain Daniel Eberiy ; 4th Beglment, tOT men, 
in eight companies— Colo QBl B, D. Lehr, Lleutananl- 
Coloiiel D. II. Case, Major Jamea E. Itoney, Adjutajit 
C. T. O'Neill, UuartennastHr W. It. Kiel o, Inspeotor 
of Rllle Prartke Morris Hoats. Surgeon J. B. FotUger 
and Chaplain T. C. Blllhelm. ISCIi Regiment, 334 
mod, seven companies— Colonel Thomas W. Llojd, 
Lieu tenant-Colonel Jonathar Suelsforl. Major 
Jacob P. Btooke, Adjutant William P. 
Clarke, ^uartermsdter Frank Foraman, Burceon 
Edward D. Lumley, Chaplain W. L. Woodrufl; 
13lh Reglmeut, seven companies, 400 men-- 
Colonel B. 11. Ripple, Lloutensnl.Colonol II. A. Co^ 
9Dn. MaJ.r John E. Vtsb. Surgeon J. E. O'Brien. Qusvler. 

, Alhpo 



The New-Jei-sey troops made a fine sbowlng, march- 
ing 1,000 strong. They appeared In the regulation 
uniform of the United States Army. The men In the 
Qatling Gun Company, however, wore wLlte coats and 
red breeohoa. Tho troopa farmed at West-st and 
Battery Place. On the atafl. of Governor Boberl B. 
Green were Brevet Majo^<Jeneral WUUam S. Btrykor, 
adjutant-geoerol ; Brevet Major-General Lewis Fe> 
rlne, quartermastrr-general ; Brigadier-General John D. 
McGlU, surgeon- general; Brigadier-General John Watt* 
Kearny, Inspector-general ; Brigadier-General Blnl W. 
Spencer, Inspector-general of rifle praotloe, and Brig- 
adier-General William F- Abbetr, Judge advocate-gen- 
eral : aldea-de-camp. Colonels Charles W. Thomas, 
RufuB King, George G. Green, William C. Heppen- 
hflmer, Isaao 6. Bnedeker, George B. M. Harvey, Da 
Lanoey O. Walker and John T. Vu Cleef. 

qe:tebaij pldme and sib divibioh. 

The atafl ol Division Commander Major-Oenerat 
Joseph W. Plume was as louowa : Colonel Marvin 
Dodd, aaslsCant adjutant-general; Colonel George B. P. 
Howard, Inspector; Colonel Edward L- Welling, *uib 
geon; LleutenantColonel George W. Teniberry, quar- 
termaster; XJeuten ant-Colonel Bamuel Meeker, pay- 
master; Ueu(euant--Co]onel Frederick B. Fish, JudgB 
advocate, and Celonel A. Judson Clark, ohiel ol ar> 
tlllery; aides. Majors WiUlam strange, William B. 
RIghter and John A. Miller, jr.. Brevet Uajor-conelal- 
William J. Bewell commanded the Second Brigade, and 
on bis staff were Lieut en ant- Colonel Thomas B. 
Chambers, assistant adjutant-general ; Brevet Colonel- 
Daniel B. Murphy, Inspector; Lieutenant-Colonel 
Franklin Gauntt, aurgeon ; Major WllUam M. Palmer, 
quartermaster; Major Kenneth J. Duncan, p^masteri 
Major Franklin C. Woolman, Judge advocate; Hajoi^ 
Alexander C. OUphant, engineer and signal oflloer? 
aides, CaplaJUB Hamilton Horkley and J. BlanohanK. 

The 3d Regiment was commanded by Colonel 
Ellhu H. Ropes. Lieu I enant- Colonel Benjamin A, Lea 
and Major Benjamin P. Holmes. On the atafl vera 
Major Wllmer Hodgson, aurgeon; Captain VletOP 
llravlag, assistant surgeon ; Captain Otis A. 01ase> 
brook, chaplain ; Captain John V. Allstrom, Judge 
advocate; and Captain Thomas A. Curtis, Inspector 
of rifle practice. 

The Qth Regiment was led by Colonel WUllam a 
Cooper, Lieutenant-Colonel George A. Cheever and 
Major William H. Stransbury. Uembets of the stoS 
were Captain George Q. Felton, quartermaster; 
Captain Nathan Ilaloes, paymaster; Major EdmonA 
L. B. Qoilfrey, surgeon; Captain Edward A. Arm- 


■troQg, iaage advoo&b), and CaDUIu WfUlwn B. E. 
MlUer, Inspector of rlfla praotlte 

At the bewl of Uie 7Ui EeglniBat were Colonel 
KkihaRl A, KoaneUy, Lie utanaot- Colonel John C. 
P»tt«rBOn and Major MIohael Hurley, and on the sttift 
wara Captalna C. H. W. Van flolver, adjutant; 
Qeorgo T, Crammer, q.uaitannaatec ; W. H, Earlej, 
pajuuBlaE; Major Chodes B. Leavttt, eurg«on; and 
Captains Honry M. Barbonr, chaplain, Francis G 
Lowthopp, Jr., JuiIeo advocate, and Charles Y. Bam- 
totd. Inajwetor of ilfle pracUca. 

firlgadtei-Gaiieral Dudley I. Steele ootnmandad the 
Flt»t Bttgad«, and on his staff were Ueutenant- 
Colonel John A. Parlter, aasUbutt sdjutantrgeneral ; 
LleDtaoantColonel H. Bugane Hamilton, inBBeotor ; 
Ueateoant- Colonel Aaron K. Baldwin, Burgeon; Major 
Cbariw Boltwood, quartermaaier ; Major Enog Runyou, 
paymaster; Major Bobert I. Hopper, Judge advooale; 
Major lewlB H. Broome, engineer and signal officer; 
aides-de-camp, Captains Allen B. Wallace and 6 
Wood HcQaTB. 

Commanding the etli Regiment wore Colon«l Levi 
B. Barnard, Ueutenaut-Colonel Abraham Jenklnson 
and Major Ed^n Hoyt. Among the members of the 
•tafl were Capcaina j. j. Dooner, adjutant, and Wash- 
ington E. Eussoll. quarlormaetor ; Major Herman Q 
H. Harold, surgeon, and Captains Charles E. HIU, 
Jui^e advocate, and J. Francis HUl, inspector of 
(l&e practice. 

At Urn head of the 1st Regiment were Colonel 
Edward A. Campbell, LleutenantColonel Ebeneier 
W. Davis and Major E. Heber Brlentnall. On tUe 
■tatt were Captains J, L, Marsh, adjutant; G. W. 
Churah, quarWrraaater; Major David L. Wallace 
■urgeon; Captain Hannibal Goodwin, ohaplaln; Cap- 
tain John L. Johnson, Judge advooato, and Captain 
W, H. Howard, Inspeofor ot rJllo praotloe. 

At the head of the 2d Regiment were Colonel Edwin 
A. Eterena, Lieutenant-Colonel Charles BrIenSotter 
and Major Ramon M. Coot, ajid on the Staff were 
Captain John B. Stevens, paymaster ; Major Wdllam 
T. Kudllob. surgeon; Captain George C. HouRhton, 
Chaplain; Captain James F. Mlntum, Judge advocate, 
Md Charles H. Eusene Haddenhorat. InspaoMr of 
itfla praotlcet. ¥ 

The 4th Regiment was headed by Colonel P. Parmer 
WMser, Lleuten ant-Colonel Hugh H, Abemethy, and 
Major Wlll!a» B. Mason. Among the members ot 
ths staff were Captain Prank J. Mathews, paymaster; 
Major Mortimer Lampson, surgeon; Obtain John L. ' 
Seudder, chaplain; Captain John Brigga, Judge-ad- 
Tooata, and Captain Abram P. Bush, Inspector of 
rifle practice 

The Ed Battalion was commanded by Deutenant- 
Cobmel Jamea V, Moore and Major Stephen H. V. 
Moore. On the staff were Captains Charles W. 
Bprtnger. ailjutant; Michael S, Vreelana, quartor- 
naster, wmiam P. DeGraw. paymaster; Major 
Molanothon 8. Ayres, surgeon ; Captain Harvey 
Isorman, chaplain; Captain John M. Knapp, Judge- 
advocate, and Captain James V. Moore, Inspector of 
rifle practice- 
Heading the 3d Battalion was Major Edward H. 
Snyder, and on his staff were Major James Y. Blropson, 
TOTgoon, and Captains Joseph K. Field, Judge-advooate, 
and David A, Bell. Inspector of rifle practice. 

Major Samuel V. L. Muiiy commanded the 1st 
Battalion. Among the members of bla staff ware 
Major Charles F. W. Myeis, surgeon; Captain CharJes 
D. Bhaw, chaplain; Captain A. A. Wlloox, Judge- 
advocate, and Caplaln Bdmond G. Edwanla, Inspector 
of rifle practice. Alexander C. Nowmann was division 


The Ohio tiDops began to leavo their qnaarten In 
VebEter, Nellson and Eveirett Halls soon after S 
o'olocft, and niandied by way of the Bowery to their 
assigned places In John and William sta. and Burling 
Blip. The order of Adjutant-Goneral Axllno tor the 
dao divided the Ohio conflngent, whloh numbered 
nearly 4.D00 man. Into tour brlaadcs aa follows: First 
Brigade, Colonel J. C. Entrekln commanding, oomprii- 
Ing the 1st, Sd. 8d and Qth Beglmcnts. Second 
Brigade, Colonel George D. Freemaii commanding, 
comprising the dth Battalion (colored troops) and 
the 13th. 14tii and leth Regiments. Thlid Brigade. 
Colonel E. J. Pocock commanding, comprising the 6th. 
8th and 17th Keglments. Fourth Brigade, Colonel 
Louis SmltinlBht commanding, ist Regiment, Ohio 
Light Aruiiary. 

The Cleveland Troop, a " oraek' eavalry company, 
was here to act as escort to Governor Joseph B, 
Foraber, «ommander-ln- chief. There were fifty ot them 
present with their own horses. The members ot 
Governor Foraker's staff were the following ; Adjutant 
and I n^pecto^ general and chief ot staff, Benry A. 
Aillne, of ZanesvlUe; quarteirmaster and eommltsary- 
general. Brigadier- General Asa S. Bushnall. ot Spring- 
fleld; Judge-advocate-general, Brlgadler^enera] Asa- 
hoi W. Jones, Cincinnati; aides-de-camp, Coloneta 
Lowe Emerson, Clnolnnatl ; GeorEe P. Waldorf. Dma; 
George L.. Couch, Wellington; Ilarry C. Bheward, 
BteubenvlllB ; Charles E. Grooe, ClrolevlUe ; Mosea H. 
TSeU, Columbus; Samuel W. IMst. Cincinnati, and 
Henry B. Wilson, Ironton ; Captains, J. B. Fo/aher, jr., 
H. D. Emcison and Walter Short. 

There were full braas and reed bands with the ist. 
6bta, 8th, 14th and ITtli Keglments, and the entire 
force was uniformed and equipped according (o the 
rutes of the Begutar Army. Georao 
Oarretson, the captain of the Cleveland Troop. 
Is prcBldont of the Cleveland Natlonia 
Bank of Commerce. Jacob Perkina. a corporal, !■ 
worth several mlUloQS ol dollars. The commissary 
sergeant Is Webh C, Hayes, son of the ei-Piesldent. 

Followlug Is the detailed order ot the regiments 
with their chief ofBoers: First Beglment, headquartera 
Cincinnati, 400 men; Colonel Frederick W. Moore, 
Lieutenants Colonel Morton I. Hawkins, Majors James 
Pettlbone and Abe L. Whitney. Second Regiment, 
headquarters Kenton, SS5 men; Colonel James C. 
Howe, Lieutenant-Colonel Alfred B. Probert, Majors 
Hiram F. CoUIna and Brion M. Clendennlng. Third 
Eieglment, headquarlers Covington, 310 men; Colonel 
W. M. WIlllamBon, Lieutenant-Colonel Harry H. Wlll- 
lams. Majors Peter B. Bench and Ell Davla. 
Fifth Regiment, headquarters Clovelaad, 300 men; 
Colonel Frederick H. Fllclr being absent, the regiment 
was commanded by LIcutenant-tJolDncl John W. Gib. 
bona: Majors, Herman Mayer and Davlil W. Johns. 
^Ixlh Regiment (1st battalion), headquarters ChlUloothe, 
3^6 men ; Colonel John C. Entrelrln. Lleulonant- 
Colonrl B. H. MlUlkau, Majors George Tlttts and 
Arthur L. Hamilton. Eighth RBglment, headquarters 
Alliance, 300 men; Colonel George R. GygoL Llen- 
tanantColonolCurUsV- Hard, Majiirs Emmet F.Taggart 
and Charles W. F. Dick. Nlnlh Battalion (colored), head- 
OnarlBrs Columbus, 4B mou; Major-commandlng WlUlani 
Townsend. Thirteenth ReBlment, 250 men, headouariecs 
DaytoQ ; Colonel Wllllara J. White. Lieutenant-Colonel 
Charles D. Thompson, Major Edward Rott Fourfeentli 
BBglment, headquarters Coiumbua ; Colonel G. D. 
Prpeman; Lieutenant- Colonel Alonio E. Colt com. 
manded In the absence oi Cha colonel; 
Majors Thaddeus R. Flelche- and H, A. Oultner. 
Sixteenth Roetment, headquarters Sandusky. 800 men: 
Colonel Charles M. Keyes, Llout an ant-Colon el Hennr S. 
Bunker, Majors M. B. Lemmon and E B. King. 
Seventeenth Regiment, headquarters CoLumhoa. %!& 



men; Colonel Edgar J. Pooook, Lleutenant.Coldnel 
Gary W. Monttgomery, Malor Edward A. Beverly. 
Flist Regiment, Light Artillery, headquarters Cleve- 
land, 250 men; Colonel Louis Smlthnlgnt, Lleutenanir 
Colonel George Snlty, MaQors Edmund C. Brush and 
Edward O'Dana. 


The Massachusetts troops formed at Pearl and White- 
tiall sts., the Ancient and Honorable Artillery belD)g the 
first to appear on the ground, at 9 :20 o'clock. Gen- 
eral Banks was maiohlng on foot, and looked as young 
and vigorous as he did ten years ago. At 11 :30 the 
line was formed, with Governor Ames at Its head, fol- 
lowed by his staff, which consisted of General Dalton 
and Colonels Roioh, Hoar, Rockwell, Simpson, Welling, 
ton. Well, Barrett, Wallace and Menard. Colonel Cur- 
rier was detailed on General Schofield's staff. 

Following marched the 1st Coips of Boston Cadets, 

who were the Governor's escort. Colonel Thomas F. 

Edmonds commanding. This corps was organized in 

1741, and Is the oldest military body in the State of 

Massachusetts. The uniform ol white coat, blue 
trousers and black hat is particularly handsome and 

attractive. The staff consisted of Major George R. 
Solgers, Adjutant J. E. R. Hill, Quartermaster Charles 
C Melcher, Surgeon William M. Richardson, Assistant- 
Surgeon Charles M. Green, Paymaster Charles E. Ste- 
vens, and Inspector of Rifle Practice William O. 
Hayes, 2d. 

Next came the 2d C6rps of Salem Cadets, who 
wore red coats, blue trousers and trimmings, black 
helmets and red plumes. They were organized in 

1785, and had 199 men present. Lieutenant-Colonel 
J. Frank Dalton was in command, the staff consist* 
Ing of Major J. W. Hart, Adjutant Andrew Fltz, 
Quartermaster E. A. Simonds, Paymaster C. A. Maloon, 
Surgeon B. R. Symons, Inspector of Rifle Practice 
W. H. Merritt, Chaplain E. C. Butler. 

Then followed the 5 th Massachusetts Regiment, 
with 800 men present, under command of Colonel 
Bancroft. On the staff were Lleulenant-Colonel Cross, 
Major WTiitney, Major Oakes, Adjutant Ballard, 
Quartermaster Barnes, Surgeon Foster, Asslstant-Siuv 
«eon Hill, Paymaster Sutton, Inspector of Rifle Prac- 
nce Robert £des. Next came the Ancient and Hon- 
orable Artillery, with General N. P. Banks at its 
head, the staff being Captain James A. Forbes. 
Colonel Edward Wyman, Captains A. A. Folsom, Will- 
iam H. Cindy, C. W. Stevens, A. Whltamore anc* 
John Mack, and Colonel Henry Walker, chief of 

The Massachusetts troops passed from Pearl-st. 
Into Whitehall and swung into line In fine style, show- 
*?8 th© training and efficiency of veterans, while 
the dense crowd which had formed at this point sent 
-cheer upon cheer after them as they marched on up 


From the granite rocks- of New-Hampshire came 
1,200 boys in blue to swell the triumphal march. 
A sturdy, strong brigade they made, a wall that many 
a wave of steel might dash Itself against In vain. 
There were three regiments and an independent com- 
pany in this command, the 1st, 2d and 3d regiments, 
and the Continental Guards, the latter, thirty strong, 
being dressed In the old Continental uniform of 1789. 
All fliree of the regiments were uniformed in the 
regulation blue coat, trousers, with white facings, and 
black helmets and belts with brass trimmings. 
Colonel G. M. L. Lane commanded the 1st Regiment, 
with the following staff: Lieutenant-Colonel S. Gam- 
mon, Major P. A. Devlne, Adjutant F. Eaton, Surgeon 
J. Porter. The regiment turned out seven companies 
strong, with about 550 men In the ranks. 

Colonel E. J. Copp was the commander of the 2d 

Regiment^ his stall consisting of Lieutenant-Colonel 

^ FT. Metcalf, Major C, W. Stevens, Adjutant E. C. 

Flazon, Surgeons George W. Flag and W. H. Nate, 
Paymaster C. A. Roby and Chaplain C. S. Collins. 
This regiment also oontalned seven companlM. 
comprising 400 men. The 8d Regiment was under 
the. command of Colonel J. N. Patterson, his staff 
being Lieutenant-Colonel True Sanborn, Major Nathan 
W. Randlett, Surgeon L A. Watson, Assistant Burgeon 
F. R. Moffatt, Paymaster Q. R. Leavlfct. Quartermaster 
H B. Sllley. and Adjutant F. H. HalL The 3d Regi- 
ment paraded 800 strong, in seven companies. Baoh 
regiment had an excellent drum and fifb corps. 


The State of Virginia was represented by 1,000 men, 
and the appearance of both cavalry and foot was 
creditable to the Old Dominion. Governor Fits Hugh 
Lee hayd an escort of the Stuart Horse Guards, about 
fifty strong, under the command of Captain Charles 
Euker. They were a well-mounted body of men in 
gray uniforms with yellow facings. A conspicuous 
organization in the detachment was the Richmond 
Light Infantry Blues In a picturesque uniform, a blue 
tunic, with white facings and silver trimmings, and 
patent leather helmet with white plume. This or- 
ganization, which was formed in 1789, was under the 
command of Captain Sol Cutchins. The Stonewall 
Band, of Staunton, in scarlet tunics faced with 
gold, headed the Blues, who were about 200 strong. 
The strongest body numerically in the detachment was 
the 4:th Regiment Virginia Volunteers, numbering 
about 750 men. The imlform of the regiment was the 
regulation gray tunic with white facings. The staff 
officers were Colonel H. C. Hudgins, Lieutenant-Colonel 
Thomas Smith, Adjutant J. S. Jenkins^ Major C. A. 
Nash, Surgeon L. A. Bilisoll, Captain James H. Walker, 
Captain Samuel Hodges and Captain Washington Tay- 


The Vermont troops were officered as foUowi : 
Brigade commander, General W. L. Greenleaf; as-. 
slstant adjutant-general, lieutenant-Colonel M. D 
Greene; assistant quartermaster- general, lieutenant* 
Colonel William Smith; provost marshal. Major B.; 
J. Coffrey; inspector of rifle practice, C. H. Spooner. 
First Regiment— Colonel J. J. Esty, Lieutenant-Colonel 
C. C. Kinsman, Major G. H. Bond, Adjutant J. A. 
Ully»g Quartermaster C. H. Fuller, Surgeon J. C. 
Ruth^ord, Chaplain H. F. HllL First Separata 
Battalion— Major J. C. Moulton, Adjutant M. L. 
Powell, Quartermaster K C. Skinner, Assistant Sor^ 
geon W. R. Prince. One regiment was uniformed in 
light gray with white trimmings and the other In 
blue. The troops numbered about 700. 


At 10:15 a. m. Pearl-st. heard the music of the 
band of the District of Columbia as it headed the 
troops of the District, Colonel W. G. Moore command- 
ing. His staff was composed of Captain Harrison 
Dlgman, acting adjutant-general; adjutant, Captain 
C. C. M. Loeffler ; quartermaster, A. W. Kelly ; surgeon, 
H. E. Leech, and ordnance officer; Captain E. G. 
Wheeler. Behind the staff formed a battalion, Washr* 
Ington Light Infantry, commanded by Captain W; 
N. Dalton, a serviceable body that moved as if they 
knew what drilling was. They were uniformed in 
Austrian white tunics, with blue facings and gold 
epaulets, headdress of bearskin and light blue trou- 
sers^^vThe battalion mustered 170 men. The le- 
mainder of the District mllltla were the Corcoran 
Cadets, Captain E. C. Edwards. In blue with white 
facings and a neat blue fatigue cap; the National 
Fencibles, Captain C. S. Domer, in dark green with 
yellow facings; four battalions of District militfa; 
two colored companies, under command of Major F. 


•C. Bevells, In darl blue with butt facli 

thia (orcB, which mustered a total roll of TOO men. 
The Coimeotioat Iroope formod on Doaver-Bt., near 
Whitehall. Oovernor MorgsJi O. Bulkoley vbb at ths 
%ead ol tlie line. Apcompanylng bim were Ibe mem- 
tiers of his offlclal statT, all mounted. Thoy were 

Adjutant -General Luclua A. Barluw. Quartermaster- 
'Oeoeral WlUIam B. Rudd, Surgeon-Oeneral Henry 
£uDgerford, Oommlssary-Oeneral E. B. Boss, Fay- 

niaster.General Wallace T. Fenn. Alfle^— Colonel 
■wailam C. Skinner, James T. Falrman and William 
«, Chappell; Assistant Adjutanl-Gonoral GOoi^e M, 
"White, ABsletant Quart annas ter-General Herrr Morgan 
«nd LI ou tan ant Elmer W. Huhbell, l3t U. S. 
-Artillery, epaclaJly aselgoed to the Oovernor'a stalT, 
The flret company of the Govoi'nor'B Foot Guard of 
Sarttonl ware all tall and made a fine appearance. 
TThelr liandBome uniform was a reproduction ol tlio old 
CrtClsb grenadier uniform. They wore hear-skln hDlmetH 
acarlet embroidered coats, while duck trouaere and 
'velvet leggings. They were Led by Major J. C. 
Elcney. The company consisted in all of lOi meo. 
The 4th Regiment ot the Connecticut National Ouacd 
iformed next the Foot Guards. They wore dark-blue 
icoats, Jleht-blue trauBers and leather legglnga. The 
Vaglmenc's hoadquarCors are at BrhlgeporL The roll, 
nail showed 550 momharB present yesterday. Colonel 
TTiomaa L. Watson commanded. The Lleuleuant- 
'Cotouel was Hoary ehinner and the Major was James 
C. Crome. 

Two regiments of thn Missouri stale National Guard 

were under the command of Governor David B. FranclE, 
who was acoumi>aiileil b^ the (ollDWIne ElatT : Brigadier. 
-GeneraJ J. A. Wlo^am, Adjutaut-Ooneral; i^rlgadlGr- 
-Qeneral Lun V- SlepLens, Generals .1. M. Lewis and 
<3haries MolBtt. Colonels John H. Garth, John Carroll, 
WlDslow Judson and C. P. Eliebre. 

The 3d Regiment, from Kansas City, preceded by 
its hand, beaded the column, and Ehoned 400 men In 
lino. The regiment was commanded by Colonel Milton 
Moore. The regiment wore uniforms of dark blue 
•with wHlte (aolngs. latlgue caps and black belw. 
Behind them formed tha 1st Uegiment, of St Louis. 
3t consisted ol Ave companies, numhodng liOO men, 
■«nd was commanded by Colonel Charles D. Coniiort. 

""•- "■"■■" ■'■-> Begular Army Intanti-y fatigue 

""" ' "' and fatigue 

uniform ol dark blue 

and pro 

sallant bearitis, their soldierly step, thetr even linos 
snd their trim uniforms formed a pleasing and a 
EQrring picture, that compoUed tbc admlratloo and 
•pplause ol the multitudes of spectators from the 
KtarOng-poInt to Flfty-scvonth-sl. Nearlv every con- 
siderable (own in the State was reprasentod In tlie 
Uaryland contingent. 

delawabe's best foot fobwabti. 
The iBt Delaware Itefilment formed at WlJIIam and 
Beaver sts. at 9 o'clock, taking up position behind 
the Naval Brlgado. The regiment consisted o( nine 
companies of Infantry, and one company. Troop B. 
DI cavalry, oumbBrlng In all Hi men. The troops 
were commanded by Colonel George \V. Marshall, 
I.leu tenant-Colonel A. B. Kirk. Slajor C. M. Kerry. 
They wore the reeulatlon utdtorm o( the Nallonal 
Uuai'd, black holmels, while gloves and dark unl. 
lorms, with white Bti'ipos on the trousers. The fol- 
lowing companies were in line ; l^ompany A. Wliming- 
tOD ; Company D, Dover ; Company 13. Mlltord : Com- 
Ipany F, Wilmington; Company H. NewcasWe; Com. 

'roop B, Wilmington. The 1st Reeiment Band of 
V'Umlngton and iJie WilmingtoQ Fife and Scum Corps, 
dressed in Ugbt-liiue ualformE, led the troops. 
The provisional regiment from Little Rhodj cum- 
bared, all told, 100 men. Their chief oirioerB wer* ai 
follows; Colonel WlUIam E. Tbornlon; Lleutenaot- 
Colonoi James H. McGann ; Major J. Albert Brown ; 
Adjulaut Arthur V. Wai-fleid ; Quartermaster, Thomas 
Brady ; Burgeon George A. Brug ; Chaplain, the Rev. 
Thomas F. Doran, Tiie 1st MacTilne Gun Datlery was 
commanded by Captain W. Ely. The Newport 
Artillery was commanded as foUows : Colonel Jere 
W. Horton; Lieutenants Colonel G. A. Brown; Major. 
U. C, Shaw. 

eoxiTB cakolina'p battalion. 
Few regiments of Its size attracted more attention 
fhan did the South Carolina battalion, commanded 
by Bilgadler-Geueral E. W. Richbourg. Major W. A- 
MettB, adjutant- general, second In command. The 
men formed in line in Stone-st., by the Produce El- 
(^hange Building. The battalion l3 made up ot seV' 
eial companies all having dlillnctlve unlfonns, fiaga 
and badges. The Washington Light Infantry, one 
■' - -■■— - -■ otganiiallons in 

Briea, lad, and aCEed 

famous ReVDiuClanary Eutaw Hag, the only c 
r BXlatlng. A large number " 

„, ._ ._.„^ „ holes and 

a sabre cut are sewed with yallnvr stlk, which on 
tlie blue Held baB a ouilous but luierestlDg elleot. 
Mem'y Tovey, a veteran of the war, carries the flag 
and revels In the original title o£ "South Carollna'a 
only private." The organliatlons present were the 
First Company, Governor's Guards, commanded by 
Colonol Wylle Jones; Washington Light Infantry, 
commanded by Major R. C. Gdolii^st ; the Uarlon Bltl«s. 
oomnianded by Captain Pierre Wilcox ; the Biohland 
Volunteer Company, Captain Charles Nowham; the 
Morgan Rifles, Captain B. C, Jennings; Butler Ouai^ 
Captain E. Bacon : the Lee Liglit Infantry, Captain Q. 
D. Heath. The regiment numbered only 350 men. 
At 10;30 a. m. Governor J. p. HIchardEon. Of the 
"FalmettD State." arrived in an Open rarrlage with hts 
aides, and was greeted with a " wild rebol yell" which 
startled several Union veterans who at once _pro- 
ceeded to make friends with their ancient toes. Cap- 
tain W. V. Bymo, ot die 12tb Beglmont N. G. S. N. Y., 
wlio was captured by the 2d Regiment, of South Caro- 
lina durlud the late war, tooli from his braast a hand- 
some bronie badge and pinned It among the many 
□tber medals which decorated the Oovernor. The ad- 
jutant-general. Major W. A. JHelts, received a stight 
Injury to his right leg and a few bruises by Ms horse 
Ellpplng on a car-track and falling on him. 

The Louisville Legion, 300 men, made up the de- 
tachment [i-om Senlucliy. Governor S. B. Bue&ner 
was at their bead. The officers were Adlntant-Gen- 
eral S. E. Hill, Colonel John B, Castleman, Lieutenant- 
Colonel W. II. Co«n, Major James r. Keliey, Adjutant 
J. B. Smilb. The unlloi-m of the regiment con- 
sisted of a dark blue short Ii'ook coat, white trlmmlngSi, 
cross bell, light blue trousara and white helmet and 
plume. The milslo ooips numbered fifty-six men, 

The Wast Virginia milllla marched down from the 
Gcrmania Assombly rooms and took up tlielr ap- 
pointed position on Plne-at. at 11 p. m. They made 
a most creditable muster of 200 men, looking smart 
In their State uniform and their wetl-kept accoutre- 
ments. Tills reglmout was commanded by Colonel 
I. W. A. Ford, having for Adjutant Captain WlUlam 
Nelll. It eonsiated of tbe following four companies! 
Ifllchle Guard, Captain W. E. Hamilton: Golf Guardi 
Captnln E. IL Lloyd; ninton Guard, Captain U- S. 
Johnston; Jefletiun Guard, Caption Wyatt. 
Louisiana's citizen soliiibiit. 

The State of Louisiana was weU raprasenfed in the 
First Brigade, mustering IBO men, who assembled In 
Plat^8L, Ibe right of Una resting on Wllllam-ati, 
TbB troops ware andar command, of Brlgadli^r-Gen- 
eral Adolf Mj-ar. with Colonel Jolm D. Soott, oldel-ol- 


■tftff ol tbe First MUltur District, L. & N. O. ; 
LlHuienuil-Colone! C. I- Wftlker, adjutant- geoar*! ; 
tUJor W. A. Bruid. Uajor F, A. EehaD uu] Captain 
Bdward Jooia ms members of his ita3. The line 
wu beaded by three batteries ot the Waobtngton 
Artlller;, of fiaw-Orlouia, one ot tbe aidjost artJUerj 
eorris In tbe country, which saw service tn tJie 
Uezlcan and avJi Wars, and the boautlful oolon 04 
whiah bear the names ol over Oft; battles. The ttall 

I of I 

. In lint 

Colonel J. B. lilchardBon, Captain E. R. Kursheedt, 
KlJatBDt Of the regiment: Captain J. H. Da Orange 
and Captain AUreil T. Gaber. The regiment mustereU 
180 men. Including the band. In the rear of the 
WMhlDgton ArtlUer; came tbe Louisiana rield Ai^ 
tlUerv, atty strong, commanded by Captain W. B. 
BeonLam, They were heaiJed by the dram corps ot 
Gadgwloh Post, G. A. B.. and irere a flne-lDOUiig 
body of men. 

nie Governor's Guard, from Ealalgb, N. C, muster- 
InS 100 strong, tormad an escort to Governor Daniel 
O, Fowls and bis aCair. The Governor lode at the 
bead of the division In a carriage, with Adjutant- 
General J, D. Glenn and Quartermaster-General F. A. 
Olds. Captains W. B. Grimes and K. Percy Gray 
aotad u aides, and Colonel John W. Catten_ ami 


e Edyo- 

1 tbe 

maoded by Captain W. J. Burnett. 


Governor Cyrus C. Luce commanded the Michigan 
detachment which, wblte not numerous, nrc'sented a 
fine appeanmce and was greeted with frequent ap- 
plause. Governor Luce's staff consisted of Briga- 
dier-General T>. B. Alneer, Colonel J. 8. BOEera, ad- 
^taut-general ; Major H. L. RogDrs and Lieutenant 
F. B. Strong. The column was beaded b; seventy cadets 
b^m tbe Orchai'd La^e Academy, under command of 
Ma]Oir George Harvey. The boys loolted soldlorlT In 
their handsome unltorms of Ught gray spite -coatE, 
while duck trousers, wlilt* helmets and bells. Thoy 
were followed by a company of the Detroit Lldht In- 
fantry, which mustered forty-flve men, commanded by 
Lieutenant H. B, Lathrop and J. E, Dupont. They 
wore darK-blue frock coats, and trousers with euld- 
iMe facings, wiilte lur shakos, and white belts. Thcir 
varoblng and drilling evoked loud applauss all sJonit 

Florida was i«preseDted only by tbe Ocala Rifles . 
forty men. commanded by Cavtaln G. Nash. Their 
uniform was a linking one. a llKht-blue coat with 
white facing and dark-blue epaulets, light-blue trous- 
ers wlQi broad white stripes, and a black helmet with 
dark-blue plumes. Tbe men bad a smart appearance. 
and were heartily cheered by tbe men of the I3th 
Iteglment, ot Brooklyn, who were halted next to them 
In wimamhfit. 

Before 8 o'clock yesterday morning the several 
posts ot the Grand Army ot tbe Republic began 'to take 
th* places assigned to them, In ranks. In tbe streeis on 
either side o( Fttth-ave.. from Fifteenth to Twenty-first 
sta. Inclusive. Tiio formations under the several 
division marshals were skilfully and promptly made, 
■o that when tbe " assembly' sounded at 8:30 Grand 
Marshal Walton was ready to move his command. Tbe 
column moved down FIfth-ave., tbe carriage oontaln- 
log Deparnnent-Commandur Harrison Oark and the 
National Commander-ln-ctalef, Major William Warner, 
' leading. Then came the National and Department 
staffs : Eugene F. Wolgol. Adjutant-General ; 
Joseph Hadfiald, Junior Vlce-Commander-ln-Cblef ; 
Senior Tlca-DeportmentrCommandor J. K. Hood; Jun- 
/or r/jw-OjjjsrlDient-Ooromander W. L, Scott; G. A. R. 
Ci?otm/safoa maa' Council ot Admin Is (ration, Past Ka- 

The itist Division came next It was madt up aa 
foUows: Robert J. ajfle, marshal^ band; aides; 
Dahlgren Post, No. US ; James MoQnade Post. No. 
M7 ; guests of James McQuade Post, No. 557 ; John P, 
MoQuade Post, No. 14, of Dtlca; George B. UoClellsn 
Post, No, B53 ; John A. Eawllns Post. No. 80 ; Mitchell 
Post, No. 5BB ; Horace B. Ciallln Post. No. 67S. 

Grand Marshal WUUam P. Walton, tbe broad yellow 
sash ot » malor-general destgnatlug his rank, rode be. 
hind the First Division, wcompanied by his mnuuted 
staff and aides. The other divisions then fall Into line 
In the following order: 

Second Dlvlilon-.Aleiander Newbuigar, matshaL Baud. 
Aides. John A. Blx Tost, No. ISGj Jsmss O. Bice FoiC, 
No. 2B 1 t^Uea Post, No, SM : Sumner Post, No. 21 ' Nub 
L. Fsrnham Pdsi, No. 258. 

Third DlvlsloQ— David S. Bronn, marshil. Bsoo. Aide*. 
Peter Cooper Post, No. 632 ; Cameron FotC, No. 70 : Ve(- 
erui Post, No. «3e ; I'hil Sherldsn FobL No. 28S; Uuoola 
Post, No. 18 r George a Meade Post, No. 8S; Vsaderbllt 
Post, No. 13u; WUllam D. Kennedy FosC, Mo. 4St. 

Fourth Division— Bamuel S. Pease, marshal. Bsnd. 
Aides. JudsoH Kllpatrlck Post, No. UB; OUver Tlldsn 
Posi, No. oe; Phil Besmey Post, Ko. 8; Adam Goss 
pos^ No. SSOi Naval Post, No. Bia; Edward H. Wads 
Pose No. G20. 

Fifth Otvleloo— Henry Eloehet. marshsl. Band. Aides. 
James Shields Post, No. 69 i Edtrln D. Morgan Post- No. 
807; Horace Greeley Post, No. E7T; Ellsworth post. No. 
07 ; Koltes Post, No. 82. 

Sixth Dlvlslon—Chsrl 

, No. B3 

Tot' i 


ot N CIV- Jersey ; Farrauul Post. 
PosC. No. 2ba: John L Andre' 
M. Oorooiau PqsS, No. 427. 

Bighth Division— John Staotts, marslitiL Bani 
Westchester County ABBoelBtlon; Daniel L. Dow 
No. BUS, Glen Cove, L. L ; niclunuod Past. No. 

..._. . ^ -, —ngDld J/ost, No. 283, Hunti 

Post. No. S53, Orient, L. 

rshBl. Bond. Aides, 
nkar Post, No, 1K8: 
arHold Post. No. «, 

?osc No. no, Mou 

Veteran Zouaves 


Veteran A-SGOciaiLon ; ij. van iioqwu jtusl, iiu. a, i^w 

rrtment or NiiK-jBrtey ; Charles Buasell luiwell Post, No. 
Deuurtmaut ot Massauhmetta ; CbapUIn Butler Post, 
No. SS. DBpattnicat ot New-Jersey ; O'Rourke Post, No. 1. 
lUohSBter, N. T. 

Tbe line of march was part of that of the military 
parade, the Grand Army men, however, marching down- 
town. The veterans were continuously and beartUy 
cheerod all along the route, the head ot the oolumn 
resting at Uurrayst, On reaching tbh point the 
command was formed in two ranks along Broadway, to 
await tbe passage of tbe regular? and otber troopa. 

Tbe Brooklyn posts, under command of Grand 
Marshal H. W. Knight, omssed the Bridge at S ;30 
a. n., and marching tbrough Chambers.aL, and up 
Broadway, --■'-- — ' -■->■- " — ■^— .-..>-■-. 

on the left ot ths New-York dl 
. a similar formation of two ranks. 
The number ol Grand Army men In tbe rrooesslon was 

estimated e 

about B.OO 


So many members of the Military Order of tha 
r.oyal Loglon took part In yesterday's parade aa 
ofllcerB of other organizations that It was not deemed 
feasible to attempt to make any special display as a 
separate organisation. Nearly 100 members ot the 
Order gathered about noon, however. In tbe offlee of 
the United Stales Marshal, In the Federal Building, 
and afterward took tbe right ot line ot the veteran 
organizations. Colonel William C. Church, aenlor 
vtce-comtnander o( the New-York Commandery, was 
In command of the battalion, with Colonel B. 6. 
Parker as chief o( staff. Colonel John L. Brooma 



oomtnanded the first company, and General Charles 
Carleton the second. Colonel Andrew Derrom, a veteran 
of seventy-two years, marched with the others, and 
there were representatives present from Kew-Jersey, 
I^nnsylvanla, Ohio, aiid other States. Among others 
who marched were General Nicholas Day, Colonel 
P. L. Queralta, Colonel Timothy Qulnn. and Major 
William H. Wylle, a great-grandson of the Major 
Wylie of the Revolution, who was one of the leaders 
of the men who pulled down the st«tue of King George. 
The members of the Order marched In ^ordinary black 
frock coats, with their badges on their breasts, and 
presented a fine appearance. 

The Navy Yard was the scene of great military 
activity and bustle early yesterday morning. Promptly 
at 7:30 o'clock Captain W. A. Kirkland, the Grand 
Marshal, with his efght mounted aides, led the Naval 
Brigade out of the east gate and into Flushlng-ave. 
The staff were: Llautenant A. C Dillingham, adju- 
tant-general ; Paymaster K N. Whitehouse, brigade 
commissary; Lieutenant Charles A. Adams, brigade 
quartermaster ; Asslstant-Surgeon A. M. D. McCormlck, 
brigade surgeon, and Lieutenants John Hubbard and 
Yorke Noel, aides. First in the line of march came 
Che Marine Band of Washlaigton, led by John P. Sousa. 
Behind the band marched the Marine Bat- 
talion, 500 men, comprising detachments 
from the barracks and the ships, and commanded 
by Captain Charles F. Williams as colonel, with 
Lieutenant J. H. Pendleton as adjutant. The baU 
talion was divided into ten companies of thirty-two 

Ales and two file-closers. Following the Marine 
Battalion came the Training Station Band, from New- 
port, R. I., and then the Battalion of Apprentices 
irom the Training Station, fourteen companies and a 
bugle corps, headed by Lieutenant-Commander E. 
Longneoker as colonel. Then came Conterno's Navy 
Yard Band, followed by the First Battalion of Sea- 
men Infantry, which was commanded by Lieutenant 
Commander Harry Knox. This division consisted 
of four companies from the Boston, ona from 
tho Minnesota, two from the Yantio and 
one from the Essex. The drum corps from the New. 
Hampshire Trainlng-Shlp Squadron preceded the 
Second Battalion of Seamen Infantry, which came 
next, with Lleutenant^Commander Charles Belknap 
as colonel. There were eight companies In this bat- 
talion; one from the Brooklyn, one each from the 
Essex, Despatch and Kearsarge and two ftom the 
Chloagp. The line of march from the Nav/ Yanl 
was through Flushlng-ave. to S»nds-st. thence lo the 
Bridge, across which they marched to New- York, where 
they filed up Park Row to WlUiam-st., down WiUlam- 
st to Beaver-st, and through the lar.ter street until 
the right of the line reached Whitehall-st. . in front 
of the Produce Exchange, where the battalion was 




West Point Cadets.... 400 United States troops,. 1.112 
Naval BrlRade 1,200 


Delaware 444 North Carolina 160 

Ponn^lvania 7,200 Rhode Island 400 

New- Jersey 4,000 Vermont 700 

Georgia 60 Kentucky 800 

Connecticut 664 Ohio 8,408 

Missouri 600 Lonlslana 180 

Massachusetts 1,600 Mississippi 000 

Maryland 600 Michigan 116 

Soutti Carolina 860 District of Columbia.. 700 

New-Hampshire 1,280 Florida 40 

Virginia 1,000 West Virginia 200 

New-Tork 18,223 ^ 


Gnnd Army of the 

Bepnblie 8,000 Total ......; .."....48,196 

Adding to th*^ the staff offlcers of the Commander. 
fn-Chiei!, the Governors of States, division and brigade 
eommaiiders. mounted standard-bearers and buglers. 
tbm grand total reaches over 50.000. 



The grand stand is characteristically a nineteenth 
century institution. It is recorded that the Roman 
citizens climbed to their housetops to see Pompey pass, 
but It is not recorded that any citisea or any syndicate 
of citizens built grand stands along the route and sold 
choice seats at two sesterces apiece. But now the 
grand stand is a necessity to every kind of show, from 
a ball game to a centennial, and if one were to Judge 
by external appearances, the grand stand is the most 
Important feature in the present celebration. From 
the Battery to the Park there are grand stands and 
grand stands, little and big, high and low, and yester- 
day every square inch of every one of them had its 

It was estimated that half a million people sat on 
the soft side of pine boards the greater part of yes- 
terday. Their eyes were on the glittering stream of 
waving plumes and polished steel that passed before 
them, their ears were ringing with the boom of a 
thousand drums, their backs were against the knees 
of the people in the next row, and their dollars wera 
In the pockets of the ticket speculators. And yet 
they were happy and they sat the show out to the 
end. There was not a cross or unintetosted face any- 
where in that vast island of spectators about which 
the current of the procession swirled at Union Square, 
or in the long valley of bright eyes through which 
the soldier boys marohed their prettiest at Madison 
Square, or in any of the hundreds of cataracts of 
humanity that were seemingly pouring down every 
stoop and over every balcony along each one of the 
weary miles of street and avenue. 

From 10 in the morning till 6 at night these stands 
were filled with laughing, shouting, cheering crowds. 
After they had sat until, like the rustic wallflower 
at the village ball, they had *' almost took root," and 
sitting had become a weariness to the flesh, the whole 
congiegatlon would rise and put Its weary limbs into 
-all sorts of positions in the effort to straighten them 
out again. These spontaneous uprisings of a laughing 
multitude had a most startling effect on the observer 
at first Thoughts of falling stands, riots and all 
sorts of horrid possibilities ran through his mind, but 
he soon discovered that It was nothing but a general 
effort to straighten things out 

The grand stand is a species of arohlteotural para- 
site. It clings to anything that has the necessary 
solidity. It spreads over an open space like a city 
square, or clings tenaciously to a balcony or bay-win- 
dow, or fiourlshes in a cramped front yard with equal 
readiness. In whatever position it is planted, the 
grand stand thrives, and yielus many shekels to its 
proprietor, if the weather is as favorable as it was 
yesterday. On a sun&hlny day a stand, with its sea 
of upturned faces and bobbing hats, is a thing ol 
beauty and a Joy for every beholder; but on a rainy 
day, like the 4:th of March, It Is a wet, desolate and 
sloppy waste. 

These monster stands and monster processions that 
keep the ticket-holders in place nearly all day have 
created a new field fdr the fakir, or huckster. Men 
went into the stands wherever they could got through 
the police linos yesterday, and sold everything, from 
a Centennial programme to a glass of water. Sand- 
wiches, lemonade and fruit were rapidly disposed of 
by crowds, who were willing to pay s centa !<«. «^vs^ 



a glass of water. It Is a pleaslDg commontary on 
Amerioan character that, with all the crowding and 
massing of large numbers of people In these hasty 
structures yesterday, few accidents and no fights re- 

babijT thbongs at thb stand— collisions 


At 7 o'clock yesterday morning the Immediate 
neighborhood of the Washington Square stand, on the 
Waverley Place side, showed signs of active life. 
Several hundreds of spectators had mounted the hard 
wooden seats, and a score of policemen were kept 
busy even at that early hour, answering questions 
and keeping the ever-increasing crowd from being 
run over by the carriages and saddle-horses which 
were taken downtown by way of the parade route. 
The decorations In Washington Square were excep- 
tionally line. Mr. Rhlnelandor's house, at Flfth-ave. 
and the Square, was surrounded on all sides by te!r- 
raoed seats, and the private stands thus arranged for 
were almost hidden in bunting. The owner of the 
house entertained 800 guests. Immediately opposite 
ex-Mayor Cooper's house, was elaborately adorned, 
and the seats under the canopies accommodated 1,000 
persons. All of Waverley Place between Broadway 
and the square was occupied Inside the stoop-lines by 
private stands, siunptuously adorned. 

The police protection was afforded by Captain 
Schultz, Sergeants Kelly and Barry, and forty-flve 
men from the Thirteenth Proclnct; Captain Copeland, 
Sergeants Bums and Granger, and seventy men from 
the Ninth Precinct; Captain Brogan, Sergeants 
Thompson and Douglas, and slxly-flve men from the 
Fifteenth Precinot. and Captain Beatty, Sergeant 
Ferris, and sixty-two patrolmen of the park police. 
The stand Ite^ was In charge of C. E. HaU, assisted 
by Henry Tllllnghast and Joseph Potter. 

Flfth-ave. coaches brought down thousands of people 
In the morning, and the persons who were forced out 
of Broadway fairly swarmed Into the Square and were 
again driven by the police through the triumphal arch 
In Flfth-ave., immediately above the Square. The 
crowd were jammed into a small space and the police 
were continually busy keeping the motely assemblage 
from filling the street and storming the stand. The 
police lines at University Place were established at 
about 8 :30 o'clock, and after that there was an almost 
continual struggle between the officers and the people. 
Half a dozen men were clubbed an(| fights occurred 
every few minutes. There seemed to be danger of a 
riot, but fortunately the Grand Army began marching 
downtown through the Square at about o'clock, and 
kept on continually for an hour and a half. At 
10 :30 the head of the paorade column approached the 
stand and the crowds were driven down Waverley 
Place by mounted police. At University Place they 
were halted by the police guards and a terrible tumult 
followed. The police were overpowetred and a 
thousand people rushed down toward £1fth-ave. to es- 
cape the hoofs of the moimted patrol. Several people 
were knocked down, but luckily no one was Injured 

At this time the stand was crowded to its utmost 
capacity and everybody of any prominence In the 
parade was hailed with cheers of delight The specta- 
tors went wild over the President, and cheers for 
every member of his party combined to create a perfect 
pandemonium. The commands which gained the favor 
of the crowd especially during the day were the West 
Point Cadets, the State Fonclbles of PhUadelphla, the 
Michigan Military Academy Cadets and the Veteran 
Zouaves. The Fenclbles were bombarded with oranges, 
apples, bananas and sandwiches, until the street was 
nt&red with the remains of those offerln^i^ which the 
^aJdier-boys dki not succeed in capturing. 




The Inanguration Centennial Banquet^ at the 
Metropolitan Opera House at nighty was the 
crowning glory of the celebration of Tuesday. In 
the splendor of the occasion all the bittemefls of 
personal feeling which had been engendered dar- 
ing months of rivalry in the work of preparatioa 
seemed dwarfed into insiimlflcance or absolately 
forgotten. It was worthy of the patriotio senti- 
ment that perpetuates the memory of men of deed* 
and makes their names immortal The grandeur 
of it reflected added honors upon the honored men 
who were gathered to pay tribute to the one man 
whose name and memory as soldier and statesman 
from the Nation's birth have been first in the hearty 
and minds of the people. The men who were 
gathered in the magnificent banquet-halL wiU meas- 
ure the lapses of time In future years from that 
occasion as from an epoch. Th(» let- 
ting for the banqnet was worthy of 
the occasion. The entire floor of the 
vast auditorium, which had vibrated the night 
before under the rhjrthmio movements of a then* 
sand waltzers, was covered with tables, some of 
which were arranged in the form of double mag* 
nets, the President's table under the proscenium 
arch being directly in the centre at the apex of the 
converging ends. Smaller tables ranged in semi* 
circles and crescents on both sides of the principal 
ones formed broken lines after the general ob- 
long plan of the setting. The decorations on the 
tables, in front of the boxes of the lower and 
upper tiers and along the balcony rails were 
never excelled in magnificence in this or any other 
city in this country. On the tables were mounds 
of lilies, set in large mirrors, resembling miniature 
lakes. At intervals were immense stands of l)y* 
drangeas, whose enormous blossoms almost screened 
a portion of the assemblage from view. In other 
places there were beds of pink and white roses^ 
and occasionally the tall stems of callas arose» 
allowing the beautiful blossoms to droop grace- 
fully. Long lines of pink roses were dStooped in 
festoons between the parterre boxes, and above 
the boxes on both tiers were immense bunches o^ 
roses. At intervals around the balconies were 
shields and coats-of-arms, each wreathed with flow* 
era. From the centre of the dome was suspended an 
octagonal frame, from the points of which hung 
long pendants of roses entwined witli laurel. In 
that part of the hall back of the proscenium arch 
were festoons of laurel extending from the orange 



and wkite octnopiea to the boxes of the di&- 
tlngnlshed gneBta. From the top at tho prosoenlum 
Bi^ long Uneit of Uuiel ran to eitliec side of the 
stage la gracefully sweeping ourvea. Directly 
□vet tbe PceBldeiit's table under the arch bixag 
Buapended a large portrait of WasblngtoD, eur- 
moimted by lines of laurel so closely interwovea 
as almost to constitute a curtain of green, screen- 
ing from sight what -would have been the uuslght- 
llneaa of the ddngy front of the aioh. 

As one looked from the enCrance to the audl- 
todum from tlie roaln eorrjdor the scene was 
dazzling In Its billUanoe. On every side were Bow- 
ers Id such piofnslon that one could scarcely dis- 
tingni^ the dividing lines in the masses of eolor, so 
artistloally were the variegated blossoms blended 
by the decorator. Above, below and on all sides 
were hundreds of brilliant jets of light. 

H^tnnptly at o'clodlc Uia. Harrison appeared 
In lier box at the back of the stagey and as If by 
maglo the boxes all along tbe tiers beeame tilled, 
with handsomely attired women and their escorts, 
i&ven in the balconies the ladles were in even- 
ing attire, and the soene was a striking one. 

Thousands of jewels glittered when the women 
leaned forward from their boxes to hear the words 
of t^ men below. The SDeabers seemed stirred by 
t^e greatness of the events which had taken place 
duclnK the two days of the Celebration to feelings 
which expressed themselves in wards of profoundly 
Impressive eloquence. Often It happened during 
the speaking that after a breathless hush tliere 
came a sudden outburst o( voices, or a running 
clapping of bands. Then the sound of the ap- 
plause died away as suddenly as it had arisen, and 
the Btteation of the people was directed with 
almost a fierce intensity to the words that went 
on to pay homage to Washington and 
the men who with him had laid the 
foundation for the mighty strocture of the Nation. 

It was B o'clock when President Harrison en- 
tered the banquet hall, leaning on the arm of 
. Mayor Grant. At their appearance the band 
stenok up " Uall to the Chief," and those who had 

Here is a list of the names of those at the ban- 
quet tables, as prepared and given out by the En- 
tertainment Committee. It is possible that som* 
of those whose names appear thereon were pre- 
vented from coming by exigencies arising at a late 
tour, but it is as correct a U&t as could be made 
lust night under any ciroumstances : 

already taken their positions around ttie tabJe 

Eeted them with cheers, The President and the 
yor were followed closely by Vlce-Praadent 

Uorton and Elbrldge T. Geiry, Governor Uiil, 
JnetJoe fuller and th» other guests 
who were to be seated at the ii'resident's table, 
walking arm in arm. The party walked around 
the right-hand side of the oblong centm tables to 
their places under the proscenium arcli. When all 
were m position. Mayor Grant rapped foe order, 
and instantly Oie gieot hall was absolutely silfntL 
In distinct tones the Mayor called upon Bishop 
Potter to otter grace, and when this brief invoca- 
tion had been Snished. the Mayor gave the signal 
and all the guests took their seats. 

Fallowing are those who sat at the President's 

The LIflut, .Govern. 

Tks President. 

TkB Vleo-PreBlilent, 

Ohiet-JiuCloa at Che U. B. Judge Oh&rles Andrew^ 

Oanenl BetaoQald. AdmlraJ Porter, 

BenaUr EvaiU^ BeaSiCpT HiBOock. 

Mr. BtsiM, Mr. Oleveland. 

Blabop Potter. Sneaker Gote, 

BmicIatt Reddeld proctor. S. S. Cox. 

^taeitl Shernno. Clarence W. Boiren, 
Blbrldgs T. Otaj. 

R. J. Oroas, 

H. A. Borrows, 

R. L. Banks, 

J. L. do l>i!j8ter, 

B. M. Weld. 

J. a. Crosbj, 
L. II, Delafield, 

How land Pell, 

R, LlttlB, 

Junei P. Buma, 

J. T. Laokman, 

D. A. Olukwn. 
W. M. Polk, 



, W. L, BuU, 

0. F. Mayor, 

a'. iowlCl, 

J." H. W^Mhouae 

W. P. fit: Jibn, 

P. F. Oulller, 

P. W. Jackaou. 

J. lonn, jr.. 

A. H. Cam art, 

A.'. IrnuSI^., 

D. (i. Puwla,' 

K. W. Johnaou. 

I. leelln.' '^ ' 

J. J. Brown, 


H. W. BIbby. 

J. W. AueUnclou, 

S H. RaudaU, 

Goorgo Gregory, 
Geo. 11. HepwDFtb, 

Lloyd Asjilriwoil, 

A. W. Drako, 


1 'w? dZSS. 


II.' Ciark. 

W. Kip, 

W. H. Caldwell, 
R. E. Aroistcong, 

K m; ^Cn' 


T. .r, BiTirty, 




C. R. Pllnl. 

n. F. Baracr. 

P. do P^ PoatBT. 

H. L. G. L-annon, 

Arthur Gllmii. 

G ™'p?'Tj 

John M- Bowers. 

M. L. BnSr^ 



W. D. Guthrie, 


Joiia An than. 



B. L. Rogers, 

O. C. Mafioun, 

Paul Dan^ 


D. B. Alffuer,' 

J. G. K, Duer. 

F. IL. Appietou, 

0. A. Peabodj, 

E.' S.'wood. ' 

J. A, Davenport, 

Robl. F. Weir. 

R. %. ChSJS?" 

Henry Clews, 

H, M, Sprague, 

Jajnes D. Glein, 


laaao SeriEman, 

A. P. Montaut. 

M, D. Ruaae 1, 

O, L. Parkins. 


W. C. Sanser, 

L. Pltigeali' 

J. Livingston, 

Lewis G. Morrla, 

B. ClarlSon. 

Adrian IbsHe, T. Newbold. 

MorgM Df^ • 

B. T. Auotamacy. 


a. Branflrctb, 

■W, C. Stoker 

0. A. H. BarUett, 




P. D, WeekeiL 

B. Goldberg, 

Thomaa P. GUrer. 


J. W. McLttnahan 

o: E. Simmons.' 

Jolm™ vSomi. 



P. B. Miller. 

e. F. Morris. 

Jobn lH>wory, 

Julian Potter, 

J.' o: MomV' 

Campbell StewaS, 

S. L. Morrison. 


Georao 0. MunVlg. 


Raatus S. Ranaini, 

Edward Patteraon. 

S. W. Wood, ■ 

John R, Fellow \ 

John R. BradT. 

G. L. lOKraham. 

R. B. Martlne, 

P, Henry Dugro. 

Predorlok amytb. 

a H. Van Brimt. 

M. J. O'Brien. , 


Joel B. Brhardt, 

James T, Kllbrelh 

O. M. Van noesen. 

J. 0, Pumum, 

John Keon. )r. 

H, W. Allen, • 

glas W. Burt, 

Dayld MrAdam, 

B. W. BODkatwna. 

H. ■«.-^j».i. 

U"i«* ■aejttfa," '*"' 


H. Bsei. ad. 




Bimoel DaltoD, M. K. Bonhuo. Ir.. It. B. Harei, 

Com. ItMmwtr. William Wuner 6- B' Luce. 

Joalali Potter, B. B. Kinney, G-. Ir. B*v«n. 

ajk. ^xlbie. D. T. Warden, A. B. tiudlner, 

H. Hmifimri. 1. B- fack. J. E Jouett 

w, 8. surkOT, 

The boxes were held Bs followB: 

1. Thomu BItchcock, £. ClaraDCS A. SewsTd. 

. R. o;. \ 


„ C. Klnssiaiia, 
9. WilllBm Aawr, 

id! Wlllimn G.' Hamiltor 

ai. Victor Newcomb, 

2S. ChaunffCT M. Depew 

Bo. Elbrldeo T. Getrj, 

18. wnuam Jar. 

20. BdbBcc Gfielet. 

22. Vf. Bamrd Oattlne, 

E4. WflUam W, AMor, 

£8. JiuneB p. serDij«htn, 

si wflewMd W^b!' 

31. AiLrlui leellD, 

ST. B. B. Ellilns, uo. juu" =.=..0., 

8e. Beserved b; Open iO. Frederick J. da Pdji 

«!. Mrs. Mawholl O. Bob- 42. W. C. Bchsrmerhoin 

luet D. B»T>cock, 

B. Qenenl Fitzgerald, 
C Qenem Shernuui, 
D. Mn. MCE1I07, 
£. Un. Onnt, 
F. B. B. H*:res, 
a. GroTsr Cleveland, 
H. Thomu F. ^rard, 
I. Bi.Oovenion or Ne' 

B. Tbe Mayor, 
8. Tbo Sovemor. 
T. The Vice-PreaWent, 

K. John'o. v"A"ooia, 

The Prealdenk 

M. Tbe lAana 

O. The Committee of the 
Houae of RepreaenCa- 

P. Tbe Chief JuCbie ot tlie 
Court ot Appeal a, 

Q. The Chlet Inetlce of Uia 

United States, 
D, The Membe™ of the 

The menu, which nt 
board, was ag follows; 

Hoia D'Oanvres. 


printed on plain oaid- 

CbampIcnDns fiautea 

AJptea de Poles Uras. I 

Ponleta da Prlatempa i 

Qlacei FantalBlca. 

Bant Sanlerae. 

Thompson Sherrr. 

Obataau ZiOovUle, Bbtlvu » 

Oneatler. Ploe Com 

Hoet & ChandoD, White Label Rnialan 1 
Tmr. CliartTeui 

O. H. Mamm. Extra Dry. ApoUlnai 

Hotltots Vorta. 
tiet a la Piealdence. 

I Creseon. Salade Buiaa. 

This la the pzognmtns aa aimnged b7 the oom- 
mitMe fox the address of welcome sad the toasta : 

Oovemor ot tbe StaM Ot New-York 
Tbe State at New-Toik irelKunei Ce-dar- the Eiees- 
tlve, X/eglalallTe and Judicial bnoEhea ot Uie NbUddiI 
Goremmeat, and the rapreaentatlTea of tortr-tiro 
Stataa ; aa a coutnrr ago ibe welcomed Washington, lila 
Cabinet^ ud the Congreai ot the old Thiiteeo, wUtb 
In this citj added the bill at right* to tbe HaUoual Oon. 
atltutlon. Mar our Sdellty to that ConaUtuUon a* 
.iniard the rJgbta ot both the BMtce and the peopitt to 
civil and religious lieedom, and to republican goTem, 
meut baaed on aolTersal education, that tbe ceatDrlea 
BB the; paaa maj gwell oar aeclalm, God Save the Amw> 
lean Bepobllol JOHN JAT. 



Not a mob, nor an oiigarebr, nor a elasa i bat tbe great 
toree of Amerloan patrlotiim, eonaclence, Inteltlgence, an* 
ergr and IndnstiT. the onl; enre tonodation ot Blatea, the 
Bote hope ot tbe BepubUe; ot which George WaaiiiDgton 
and Abraham Uncoia are the (meat trpei la VI 
history. GEORGE WILLIAM 0~" 


Governor of the Btate ot Virginia, 
Daughters ot Liberty, bom amid tlie throes of Revolu- 
tion, tblr(«eu oIlDglug to ttaa Atlantic lisve become fDi^< 
two reaching tbe Piclflc, Tbe centuir leaves then 
as It found (hem, an Indestructible Union of iDdestruoU- 


Chlet-Justloe ol the United States, 
The eonsnnunaClon ot former political wisdoiii, the (nut 
of (he present age, the guide tor all coming naUons. 


Searatary of State. 

The first branch ot CougreBS provided tor in the Oon< 

Btitutlon, snd the anhject ot (be only speech in tbe Con- 

ventlOQ made by Washington. In the langusge ot Gemge 

grand depoalWry oC the r 

pie 01 


ot the President of the United Stsiea, The vital ele- 
Dieut of OUT Bspnbllcan Bystem. vrithoni wblch there eaa 
be. In the words ot Abraham Lincoln, no "Govemmanl 
of the People, by the People, for the People.* 

May its rlghtfni authority and dignity ever be main- 
tained and upheld, both by Its own oBlcers and member^ 
and by the miUiona of voters whom they are privileged 
to represent. ROBERT C. WIMTItROP, 

Senior Surviving Breaker ot the United Slatea House et 




United States Senator from Vi^ln]^ 
An elective body dependent upon no prerogative* of 
BoyBllr, Chureb or Descent. Able In Its atatesmanablii, 
wise and prsctieal In its legislative and axecntiTt tna»- 
llona, tbe most distinguished of all legislative bodiet, and 
a bulwark In (lefanes of our tree institutions. 

Soie DiuvtTlng ex-VIoe-PwBldent ot the United States. 




Ex-Fresldent of the United States. 

Hay the irood people of these United States never weary 
of searching tor a second Washlnffton to flU the plaoe. 



United States Senator from New- York. 

A lesmed. npriffht and fearless Judiciary is the strong 
Iralwark of Constitntlonal Gk>yemment. Without such 
Judiciary no free institutions can exist; with it they will 
not perish. So long as the spirit and example of Marshall 
and Taney. Kent and Shaw, pervade and inspire our courts, 
liberty in law sh&ll abide with and bless the land of Wash- 

Attorney-General of the United States. 




In four wars each has done its full duty in the creation, 
defence, enlargement, and preservation of our Nation ; but 
the dignity of our country reoulres renewed attention to 
the farewell counsel of Washington, so that international 
emergencies may be met without hasty and inadeauate 
preparaUon. ROBERT T. LINCOLN, 

Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the 

United States to Great Britain. 


President of Harvard University. 

Established by the wisdom and foresight of the founders 
of our Nation ; the support and stay of civil and religious 
liberty; they should be jealously guarded and fostered as 
the dispensers of virtue and intelligence, on which depend 
the welfare and perpetuity of our Republican institutions. 

Acting President of Columbia College. 



The welfare of a people, small or great, 

Depends upon the State, 

Whose ample laws they Justify, because 

They help to shape those laws. 

Their glory rests on letters, which create 

A more enduring State ; 

For what is best remembered among men 

Is not the sword,^ but pen. 



President of the United States. 

Sceptres and thrones the morning realms have tried; 
Earth for the people kept her sunset side. 
Arts, manners, creeds the teeming Orient gave ; 
Freedom, the gift that freights the refluent wave. 
Pays with one priceless pearl the guerdon due. 
And leaves the Old World debtor to the New. 

Long as the watch-towers of our crownless Queen 
Front the broad oceans that she sits between, 
May her proud sons their plighted faith maintain. 
And guard unbroken Union's lengthening chain,~ 
Union, our peaceful sovereign, she alone 
Can xnake or keep the Western world our own I 


During the banquet there were many expressions 
of regret at the enforced absence of Secretary 
Blaine, who was detained in Washington 
by ilhiess. An attempt was made by tele- 
graph to persuade lum to transmit his 
response to the toast to which he had been 
assigned by wire, but it failed, Mr. Blaine not 
being well enougii to comply with the wishes of 
£be iM>mmittee. Mayor Grant presided with grace 
and dignity. 


Shortly after 10 o'clock, when the fragrance 
of the cigars was struggling for ascendency with, 
the heavy perfume of the Howers which flanked 
the balconies, Mayor Grant arose to announce 
the toasts, 'ihe Mayor. In a voice that was dls# 
tinctly heard in all parts of the house, announced 
Uiat in uie ordei' ui eA-ercised the lirsc feature 
would be uu adOress of welcome to the guests by 
Uo^'ernor Hiii. Ue reau tne sentiment atbached 
to tixe toubt clearly and distinctly, and waa 
heartily applauded as he sat down. Uovernor 
Hill was warmiy received and spoke as follows: 

ii'ellow Countrymen: As the Governor of tihe 6tat» 
wlLhm whoso uoixiers wci-o heard the acoialms which 
greeted the lirst President's oaih of ailegiaace to th» 
\^uusuiuuun, X eiiieua a wciounie to ail here ati:>emJ:)led» 
Vveicome to >au, president liai-rison (appiauise), latest 
uj: uie Une ui Lhuse disiinguished men who have 
given the same guarantee of obedience to the charter 
uj; our ubei-iies and ialiiiluinesa to the righis of xh» 
people. Welcome to your honored Cabinet ^applause), 
and to those chosen representatives of all the sister 
States, 'wbose presence hei« speaks anew the grandeur 
anU gi'eacuess ol our United titates. (Applause.) 
Welcome to all in authority— legislative, executive 
or judicial, civil and military— who, in their station, 
with honor and Justice, are daily serving our common 
country. Welcome to ail the ambassadors of other 
nations (applause) who participate with us in thes& 
festivities. Welcome, strong and brave men, sons 
of fathers who yielded life, who sacrificed fortune,, 
who endured severest privation, that we might re- 
joice In Uberty. Welcome, fair and true women,, 
daughters of mothers who gave patriotic encourage- 
ment in days of darkest distress; who willingly de- 
voted themselves to suffering that the Infant Bepublio 
might be sustamed. (Applause.) Welcome Lhose» 
from whatever clime, who have become part of our 
people, and who have contributed their share In 
maintaining the purposes and increasing the glory 
of our Commonwealth. Welcome to sQl— citizens- 
strangers- friends. (Applause.) 

Our display upon the ample waters of this harbor, 
our parades in the broad streets of this city, our re- 
joicings in tjiis banqueting hall, commemorate noi 
only the fame of a great prince among men, not only 
the victories of a great captain among warriors, not 
only the deeds of a great statesman among patriots. 
Thiese extdltant slerhts and triumphant sounds com* 
memorate such fame and victories and deeds, but they 
commemorate far more. They commemorate the na- 
tivity of a heaven-bom republic among the nations of 
the earth. (Applause.) They commemorate not a 
government founded upon the Magna Charta extorted 
from a King John by a compeilling band of nobles, 
not a government founded upon a written freedom 
bestowed by an Emperor on an emancipated race of 
slaves, but a new and complete creation of govern- 
ment, resting strong and secure upon foundations thai 
shall last as Qong as virtue, honor and courage live 
among our people— a government of the people, by 
the people and for the people, which shall not perish 
from thte earth. (Applause.) 

The Doges of the ancient republic of Venice es- 
poused with ceremonious rite the waters of the Adri- 
atic. Our first President, In this, then as now, chlef- 
est city of the New World, with hand uplifted, wedded 
to the free air of hteaven his vow for this land of 
ours, and In his recorded oath pledged that, with the 
help of the God of Nations, he woidd uphold the lib- 
erty once proclaimed, and now established for all 
tUe people. (Applause.) 

These religious ceremonies, these arches of triumph, 
these banners unfurled, these treasures of art, these 
songs of praise, these paigeants of Industry, these 
scenes of rejoicing, In which we of this generation 
have now a part, all celebrate the giving and the taking 
of that solemn pledge. My best greeting at this hour 
shall be a tribute to the character of him whose mem- 
ory we honor. I give you these expressive words of 
Thoreau : 

The character of Washington has, after all, been under* 
valued, because not valued correctly. He was a proper 
Puritan hero. It Is his erectness and perststency which 
attract me. A few simple deeds with a dignified silence 

He never fluctuated, nor lingered, nor stooped, nor 
swerved, but was nobly silent and assured. He was not 
the darling of the people, as no man of Integrity can ever 
be, but was as much respected as loved. (Applause.) 


a to his Btsw»WI, W* ratQBal o( » crown, hlB | 
, bl8 ofDceis M the termlD>Cian o[ Ihe war. 
U* tboushu ■«er Us reUrement, ta eipressed In a lelWr 
to IiiATebCe, his reraarfei (e utother correapoadeat oa 
bolng ehoson Piosiaent; his Iwt words to CongreM. uid 
tbe iinp»taUoleil «»poet whloh hla most (UstlnBUlBlloa oon- 
temponrlc*. u Fox toil EtHkInt, sxpreued 1st him, ue 
relreshlnB to hear In ttesB unberole days. ULs behartor 
In ths field sud in council, aod his dlenined and eonWnted 
irithdiiwal to private lite were aK«t. Ha ccnld advaneo ■ 
and he conld wlthdi&w. (Applaiue.) I 

No wordB which I can supplement to these can I 
brighKin the luetre environing the name and lame at 
that AmerlcaD whoae virtues wb to-day aAeotIoaalel7, 
JuBtl; and proudly exalt. 

What vlfllona ot future greatneaa and prosperity for , 
this broad land o( ours open up beforo ua as we con- , 
template tlia growtb ot our free Inelltutlona since i 
tbes were founaed by the patriots of a oontury h«o. 
Oenerktlans yet unborn wUl sbare the glorlea and I 
blosslngs ol the beneficent and Imperishable Quvem- 
ment tzansmltted to ua and them by our Revolutionary 
Etres. What glorious memories cluster around this 
oentenDlal d^I 

Day ol a hundred dsys. 

Day or a hundred years. 
One cry a! Welcome all out voices raise 

As Uie young cSHMiry appears. 
Hall greatness yet to oome. 
Hall millions yet to be. 
The heroes of the American Revolution »™ nnw 
tfepaWBd. That age of pre-omineat creative 

bag passed away. But ths country whloh their 
valor. Btatesmanshlp and patrloUsm saved and estab- 
lished still proudly exists, enjoying the blesBlnas of 
Civil and religious liberty, augmenting In population. 
Increasing in resources, strengthening in nower. 
(ApplauEe.) It Is a prosperous, happv. indivisible 
Dnlon. Its contented people ore reaDiui: the ad. 
vantages of laws mode by themselves, veil and 
bones&y admiolstered. The sentiments ol evorv true 
. that c< 

n every page ot o 

fulness with which i 
patriotism, their Integrity and their devotion tc free in- 
stitutions. It. engrossed in material advance meat, ot 
diverted by the turmoil of business and activity, they 
have not held fast to that love of country and thai 
" inllghtenment whloh oon. 

jf many thousands ot our people who have bravely 
died in defence of our national safety and perpetuity, 
mutely bearing feEtimony to their love of country aud 
to an invincible living host sianiUng ready to enfocoo 
Dur national rights and protect our land. Our 
churches, our schools and unlveiBitiea, and our benevo- 
lent institutions, which beautify every town and 
bunlot and looli out from every hillside, testify to the 
value our people place upon religious teaching, upon 
advanced education, and unon deeds of charity. lAp- 

tiucely such a people can be safely trusted with 

iU liberty-loving people i 
the problem ot self-gover 
Itself ezlBts, and untU turn 

its borders 
mav float 
nae may be trebled. 
1 and flourish, and 

>o lone as fteedom 


imtry, > 

The toast " George Washington" was drunk In 

etleuce as the guests stood. The Mayor Bimply 

snaouuced the theme and sentiment ol the toast. 

oloslDg in eaUi tktse by Damlng the ispeakeis. 


Cete is what es-Presldent Cleveland said, in 
pazt, in lespoDse to his toast; 

The mention of a people may well soEgest sober and 
Impressive reflections. Tiie subject was not beneath 
the Divine thought when the promise was given to the 
children ot Israel, " I will take you to Mo for a people, 
and I will be to you a God." This idea of Divine 
relationship to a people is also recognlied In the 
tervenC utterance, '■Yea, happy is that people whose 
God Is the Iiord."* 

lu sublime faith and rugged strength, our fathers 
cried out to the world ; " Wo, the people of the United 
States, Id order to form a more perfect union, estab- 
lleh Justice, Insure domestic tranquilly, provide fnr the 
common defence, promote thte general welfare, and se- 
oure the blessings ot liberty to ourselves and our pos- 
terity, do ordain and establish this Constitution tor iba 
United Stktes ol America." Thus " our people" In a 
tMy asBuiuMl a plaoe among the nations of the eatth. 
Their mission was to teach the Stness of man for self- 
government, and their destiny was to outttrlp every 
other people In national aoblevem«nt and material 
(reatnesa. (Applause,) 

their tree Government; and there need be no fear (hot 
they have lost the qualities which fit them to be ita 
custodians. It they should witnder, they will retura 
to duty in good time, if they should be misled, they 
will discover the true landmarlts none too tote for 
safety; aud it they should even bo oorrupted, they 
wHl speedily be found seeding with peace oKerlngs 
their country's holy altar. 

Let us then have an abiding faith In " our people." 
Let petulance and discontent with popular acUou dis- 
appear before the truth that in any and all (tfiounw 
stances the will of the people, however it may be 
1 I eieroised, Is the law ol our INatlonal existence— tbe 
e arbiter absolute and unchangeable by which we must 
' I abide. Other than existing situations or potlclBS •an 
I only Ju^Ify themselves when they oan De reaidied 
' by the spread of political Intelligence and the revival 
or unselflBh and patrlotio Interest In public affairs. 
Ill-natured complaints of popular Incompetency and 
selt-rlEhteous assertions of superiority over the body 
of the people are Impotent and useless. (Applause.) 
This Oenleunial time, which itlrE our pride by leadlnB 
us to the contemplation of our tremendous strides in 
^veallh aud greatness, also recalls to our minds tho 
virtues and the unselllsh devotion to principle ot 
those who saw the Qrst days of the RepuMlc. Let 
there now be a revival of our love for the pilnclplea 
whloh our country represents : let thei-e be at this tlms 
a new consecration te the cause of man's freedom 
anS equality and a guichened sense of the solemn 
reaponalblLly assumed before the world by every man 
who wears the badge of " our people," [Applause.) 
The future beckons us on. 1,^1 us follow with On 
exalted and ennobling love of country and witli un- 
daiin,ted courage, Tliough clouds may somelimea 
darken the heaveps, tbey shall be dispelled ; uid ws 
shall see the how of God's promise set clearly in thfl 
sky. and shall read beneath it. blazing In radionk 
characters, the words " our people." (Continued ap- 

When Chief Justice Fuller arose be said in iiait? 
It was indeed a consummation, the result not sim- 
ply c( the p-articular exigency, but of that gradual 

"■ which, having Its roots in tho past, develops 

piwluot " " -'■" ' '' ""'' " ~ 


ol t 
attempt t 

Illation of ideals is the wor 

□ey enLortainea, iuvy uju lujs 

,.„«,^i.- — -y In expression to their logical 

conclusions. They had conSdence that the general 
principles they accepted as lundamental. being de. 
olared, might safely be relied on to worh out the prac- 
tical ends dealred. They were familiar with tho 
leagues, the oonfederaoles, and the councils ot tlio 
aiiolents, t^e associatlou of communities of more mod- 
em tlines, the great steps In the progress of English 
Uberty Irom Uagna Charta to the Aet of Settlement, 



ftnd Btlll more thoroughly with the experience of the 
colonies and of the States, of the New- England con- 
federation, the various Congreeses, and the oonfederar 
fclon of tl* United States, a part of which they had 
been, while years of keen discussion of the science of 

Eovernment and of ardent devotion to the cause of 
berty had stored their minds with doctrines and 
fitted them for their great task. (Applause.) 


Tto determine a form of government by written fun- 
damental law was no novelty to them. The covenant 
of the Mayflower had set the example, and all the 
States but two then had, as all have now, consututlons 
defining the respective rights and duties of the citizen 
and of the authority over him. But to fashion the 
instrument which was to create a nation out of the 
Deople of Iree and independent States, and at the 
Bame time in terms to interpose . barriers 
against the invasion of rights, and reserve to the peo- 
Dle and the States, respectively, the powers deemed 
essentiaa to their presei-vation, without impairing the 
efficiency of the central authority, this demanded un- 
equalled patience, sagacity, moderation and wisdom. 
That patience, that sagacity, that moder- 
ation, that wisdom, signally exhibited in 
general, was especially illustrated in his 
character and conduct whiose inauguration we 
celebrate to-day, the swelling theme of the launching 
of the great Republic being well nigh lost in the 
recollection and contemplation of the virtues of its 
first and grandest leader. To Washington's prophetic 
eye thte glories of the future had long been unveiled, 
dependent for realization upon the success of states- 
manship In the work of construction, entered on at 
his suggestion, and carried to completion under his 
direction. His full anticipations he was not called 
on to disclose. The equable and steadfast tenor of 
his mind was exemplified In his well-known exclama- 
tion : " Let us raise a standard to which thie wise and 
honest can repair; the event is in the hand of God." 


For the flexibility of unwritten constitutions there 
was substituted here not merely a mode of altera- 
tion when sanctioned as prescribed, but throughi the 
simple generality of the terms employed, an elasticity 
enabling the fundamental law to develop with the 
progress of the people, as the Inexorable logic of 
events Influenced Its provisions or judlciall interpre- 
tation expanded them, not so as to impair the vital 
rule, but to permit its adaptation to the new condi- 
tions. (Applause.) 

Thus keeping pace with the onward sweep of the 
empire, which It rendered possible, this matchless 
Instrument vindicates its title to Immortality. The 
conservative evolution that characterizes It has en- 
abled It to pass the century since Its birth, with Its 
machinery, no cog or wheel displaced, still noise- 
lessly and easily working; to receive direst amend- 
ment, to accept and absorb the results of frequent 
construction; to emerge from civil war, drawing new 
vigor from the strain to which It had been subjected— 

Per damna, per caedes, ab Ipso 
Ducit opes aiilmumaue ferro. 

Well may the venerable historian, whose years nearly 
equal the life of the Nation, describe the Constitution 
as not only the consummation of political wisdom In 
the past, but the trust of the pi'csent; and well may 
we hope with him that coming nations will avail 
themselves of the teachln!g that Its century of success- 
ful operation affords, as will, we trust, succeeding 
centuries of progress, and In the recognition of man's 
capacity to observe self-imposed limitations , accel- 
erate the time when the whole world shall be wrapped 
in the peace of one dominion. (Hearty applause.) 


Ex-President Hayes wa« greeted warmly when 

he responded to " The Presidency." This Is a 

part of his speech : 

Mr. President and Gentlemen: In this city. In 
1839, on the fiftieth anniversary of the Inauguration 
of Washington as President, John Qulncy Adams 
delivered a memorable discourse. In It he set forth 
rvh»t he deemed the true principles of the Constitution 
on the then unsettled question of the relation between 

the States and the General Government With a 
fulness of Information which, perhaps, no other man 
could marshal, and with a faultless lo'glc, he showed 
that the Declaration of Independence, In terms and in 
fact, was the act of a single people dwelling In 
thirteen colonies, but who united together, out of a 
decent respect to the opinions of mankind, declared 
the causes which impelled them as " one people to 
dissolve the political bonds wiilch had connected 
them with another." He showed that the articles) 
of confederation departed from the firm and safe con- 
cord with which independence was declared, and ** re- 
laxed their union into a mere league of friendship 
oetween sovereign and Independent States.** 

In splto of the defects of the articles of confedera- 
tion the spirit of liberty and the popular impulse to 
unity carried the Americans through the war as one 
people and the cause of Independence was triumphant 
But now came the gravest perils. The danger of 
conquest by British despotism removed, " the Union 
languished," says Mr. Adams, " to the point of death." 
" There was," he says, " avowedly no executive power." 
Indeed, he went further and declared that " the one 
united people had no Government" And he was 
altogether right. Where there is no executive power, 
whatever else they may be, there Is no government. 
Hence, when the fathprs met In that great conven- 
tion which Washlngtdn suggested, and which he in 
truth more than any other man called into being, 
no more dlflicult or weighty duty devolved upon 
them than wisely to constitute the chief magistracy— 
the Presidency— for the republic they were about to 

Now what shall be said of their work? Speaking 
under the necessary limitations of this occasion one 
must avoid details and all attempts at elaborate dis- 
cussion. No candid and Intelligent retrospect of 
the century that Is gone will fail to discover tran> 
scendent merit In the executive authority contrived 
by Washington, Hamilton, Madison and their Im- 
mortal associates. (Applause.) The tree is known 
by its fruit Experience has shown that In ordinary 
times the executive power is of no greater Importance 
—perhaps it is less vital— than the legislative or 
Judicial power. Indeed, so happily constituted Is 
the Presidency, that we must say of each of the 
twenty-stx Presidential elections under the Constitu 
tion, that either candidate might have been elected 
and the good citizen whose partisan feeling was 
strongest and whose disappointment was bitterest, 
could repose on his pillow consoled by the reflection, 
although my party is beaten, my country is safe. 

Is it not true that our Executive authority is so 
fashioned that in ordinary times It has always been 
80 administered that the Republic has received no 
detriment? When gigantic perils and disasters 
threaten, when extraoi-dlnary character and powers are 
demanded, these great occasions have always found 
strong hands to deal with them. To pilot the un- 
tried Government In its first voyage over an unknown 
and stormy sea, without a whisper' of dissent In any 
quarter, Washington was called to the helm, and 
under him the first voyage gave the world assurance 
that the prospect of the new Nation for growth, and 
power and prestige and happiness was unmatcihed 
by that of any people the world had seen before. 

Only twice within the century since our Govern- 
ment was established has deadly peril seemed to draw 
near to the people of the Unfted States. At the 
beginning, as we have seen, armed with the orderly 
and clearly expressed powers of the Presidency, the 
threatened danger was met and overcome by Wash- 
ington. Again, as we were approaching tihe middle 
of the second half century of the Constitution, It did 
seem as If we were drifting— nay, as If we were swept 
on toward destruction. Our friends in other lands— 
the few we had— lost hope. John Bright was almost 
alone among great statesmen with his inspiring con- 
fidence—ever blessed In America shall be the memory 
of John BrIgrht I Those not our friends, and yet not 
quite our enemies, shook their heads, and thoueht 
it strange that w© could not see the inevitable end. 
Our enemies abroad. Jubilant beyond expression, de- 
clared the bubble Republic bursted. 


In that dread time to what department of our Gov- 
ernment did we look? The judge, calm. Impartial 
and wise, could interpret the Constitution and the 
laws. But the sectional passion and madness of the 
hour— would It heed him? The Senator, far-seetng, 
patriotic and solicitous, what laws could he prepose 


Co meet tbe urgent need i 
iaUve hailB, u In " - 
eleMly written the i 

Inter urma silent tegeB. 
"In the midst of wai tbe Uivb ore silent." Happily 
(or America, la oonformily with the Cunstltutlun. and 
hf the groclaua favor of Providence, the Eresldoaoy 
of the uoited Gtatea was held by Abraham lincaln. 

S:o«rty applause.) We oan truly Bay of the Presidency 
at the leBults of twent^-flva ooiitecutlve terms haya 
vindicated the wisdom of tbe fathers Mibo eatabllshed 
It. (Applause.) Uf twenty-two toima there are two 
things that may be said : One U that no great remedf- 
teas harm oame tbiroiigh the exeoulJve power to the 
people It was Inteudeil to serve. Tbe other Is that If 
no eminent historical beneQt, lasting; through tbe ages, 
was conferred by most of tliem, tt was perhaps beaause 
the opiFortuiiltj' for lllustclous achievement did cot oc- , 
T. But during them all the Notion, by Its InJierent i 
and enerK, pushed rapidly forwajd In a ' 

^ d happli 

. -. . . JIT blunders. 

J. during the cclOoal and aiixlous ^ 

OttieF three Presidential terms the opportui 
Annriea and she gave lo the world two i 

„-.- - ... Chief Magls- 

InUea whose character and deeds, imrivaJled In human 
' country and 

_e crowned by a devl ._ 

—, 1 vhlch enabled them to furnish an 

at Independence of personal advantage and of self 

love o( power, of wealth and of title, either for 

■elves or their families, absolutely unJmown before In 
the history of tbe mlers of the world. By thcdr ad- 
ministration of the Presidency. Washlnglon and Lln- 
eoln mads the great oltlee, and the oontury whose com- 
pletion we celebrate, forever lllustrlaus. (Applausej. 

WLeD Mi. Evaits had bowed Lis ocknowledg- 
ments to the appUiuse with which lie vras received, 
lie aald in part : 

Hr. President: Whoever might receive the honor 
from your committee to speak in this presence and 

L this c 

might V 


tlon's Joys a 
Still. Mr. I 


t, the noble ccin 
lough t •■ 

thought and phrase would comport in some degreo 
wltb the granueuL' of this oelelirailon and the dignity 
uf the (oiilcs that should merit our attention. Hut 
thb hope wouhl be In vain ; tbe concourse of these 
vast crowds oC our countrymen that have niled the 
Kieat city thraugti these successive festal days, the 
pomp and splendor of the pageants of the Bay and 
of the streets, the Illustrious a^emblage of the great 
heads ot government on the Nation and the States; 
the collected multitude of eminent men of all pur- 
suits aai all opinions of a populous, a prosperous 
and a powerful people—these are the true orators apd 

which recalls the 
orocttsts ot another, 
lany of the banquet 

,- — a lew moments to 

each ot your Geneious list of speakers for some fleet. 
Ing Illustration or enliven men t of tbe urgent mo- 
tives and tbe profound views of human affairs 
which concurred to build up and confirm the consU- 
tuted liberties al this people. 

It might be thouglit that the Judicial eslabllsbment 
of the new Ooverumeot might easily Qnd In the 
method and example ot English Judlcatuie and ]url^ 
prudence a ready wid complete frame and system for 
the young Nation, The great steps ali'eady seouied 
In the mother country, by which an Independent and 

Siimanent and upright Judiciary was our rightful 
herltance. the trial by Jury. Ihe public conduct ot 
all Judicial proceeding, the habeas corpus and amena- 
bility of Wl Judges to impeBobment far their mis- 
behavior, 'these seem to have supplied defences 
a*gln«t Irresponsible and oppressive power with which 
<nir people might well be satisfied, no one should mis- 
understand Ihese lessons In Justice and liberty which 
our English ancestry hiid taught their rulers at home 
•ad which followed the enilgraata to America. 

The new features, however. In our political estab. 
Ushmenta and tlielr wide departure from tbe funda- 
mental theory of the English Monarchy and the Eng- 
lish Parliament, needed, and obtained in the frame of 
the Constltlitlon, new functions for the Judiciary, and 
stupendous exaltation of those functions in the co- 
Oidlnate powera of government which have never 
before been thought possible. The undlsp'iled and 
indisputable maxims of the English Constitution, 
that the King ooula do no wrong and that Parliament 
was omnlponint, were limits upon the rights of the 
people and upon Judicial authority In their protec- 

tion, which disappeared \ 


r grand conception 
— -* .By 

, , authority from 

highest to the lowest, all leglslf" ■-- — 

cvoi' august the lawgivers In whoui n »■» vcauiu, 
were olreumscribed and subordinated to the all-prev. 
sQent law and power of the Constitution. And thus 
there caihd to be whiat had not been attempted before, 
under our Constitution, an ever-present and ever-- 
active energy of law, which iiualmed every act aB 
power, executive and legislallvo. This energy was 
no longer a mere poriuoslve sentiment of Justice, or 
a vague menace ol leslstanoe to injustice, but an 
energy that thwarted and paralyzed any encroachments 
upon the constituted liberties ot the people; and thus 
tUe Judiciary, nut only a Judge and divider between 
the suitors lo respect of private right and prlvat* 
wrongs, but u. Judge and divider between the great de- 
partments of Uuvemment, and a Judge and divider 
people and the coUocUve powers of the 

. _jdar, Mr. President, that this consummat* 

product of the wisflom and courage of the framere of 
our Constitution— I mean this exaltation of dellberala 
re^on, as the final arbiter of the rights of the people 
and the powers ot Govommont, into an every-day 
working force, In the orderly administration of the 
affairs of a great natloo— should have challenged the 
admiration ol pUUosophers and statesmen alike la 
every nation tliat has studied Its mechanism and Ua 
resistless and unresisted power. 

Qhls oustodlet custodesi Vho shall watch the 
watchman— who shall guard the guardians? This Is 
(be great problem of civil society In all the distribu- 
tions and all the administrations of publlo trust and 
power. The (ramors of our Government have not 
quailed before the dlfflcultlea of Its solution. Let 
tbe homage of a hundred years to the working ot this 
august Judiolal sohomo attest the wisdom of this 
teariie of out Consrltutlon. And let a law-abiding 
people for tbe future eaalt and uphold otir Brrat 
Judiciary as the protection of the Constitution and 
the safeguard of our liberties, 

Mr. President, (f Justice Is the great Interest of all 
civilized society; if Its admin Isiratton Is the nearest, 
tbe dearest and most permanent and most universal 
desire of a free and Instructive people, lot us see to 
It that the great record of our Judicature and our 
Jurlsprndence should be cherished with an entbuflastio 
reverence. The names and fames of our great Judges 
. r fade from our memories, bnt with thos 

iouble toast, I bogged 
In less than bajl the ti 

. . . e preserved 


General Sherman Jn his address said among 
other tilings : 

Mr. President and Kind Friends : When nntlHed by 

.::.. ..._. , _jg deta'lod to respond to this 

ham to divide It, promising 
ivn special branch of service 
allotted ; but no [ I most do 
_ bespeak your Indulgence. 

One hundred years ago In this goodly cl'y of New- 
York, our first President, General George Washington 
(applause), took his solemn oath " to the best of his 
ability to cre.:<-ri-:-. |i,. tcct ..nd def"! -I tho ^oislltn^lnn 
Of the United States," and thereby became Comraanfler- 
tn-Chlef of the Army and Navy, and of the Mllltia, 
whrn called Into service. 

Soventy-tivo years after, his most woithy successor, 
Abraham Lincoln (applausel. t«nk the same Identical 
oath. and. addressing his dissatisfied countrymen Irom 
the portico ot the CapltJ'l In Washington, reminded 
them that they had no Oath registered In Ileaven to 
destroy the (;ovomment, while ho hart tho most solemn 
one to preserve, protect and defend it. (Applause.) 

In like manner tbe Ai-rny and Navy have thefr 
oath registered In Heaven to support and lietend th« 
Constitution (applause), to obey the President (ap- 
plause) and all appointed over them, (or they are the 
very Insinimonts provided by the Constitution to en- 
able him to protect and defend It whenever force Is 
necessary ; and no Government on earUi baa yet been 
J — .,„j _v — -- ., — ^^ torrfl has not been necessary. 

knlghlly s 

i, havi 

, .. been true and faithful ti, 
past oentttryl 

nee fnr the usual Infirmities ot 
ir. em phflti rally, yes 1 (Loud ap- 
i- we are not oompelled to look 
Oman or Europeaa history for 




T*»wif^^kn AMWi^lf ■»•» ^iwr !ii«i: '.flJ* 

AM zxAmr;^ p*fK AMtaaf.A.^% to 

»*** ^-iir7 >HiMflrV*v ;^riv tii/i^iJil ^^•''4/^ «a6 ^^^o- 

m^ M>..'#«. A;t^/.« '«^. ^.A^ ^Ut ^>f A^i, ]T7;$« l/»8a 

4iiKkM«^A >A *^/t.p*vK*, ;^ '^fJrf fit mrMfftd Me A iffn- 

** tt, H tft,jrn*^ f^^«f>«4 ft// or4^r '4 m^ft In tb« thirteen 
i^«fA« ;«M (^>1 « tutft*i %nf,f*>A f^tiPkH f// tti* j^f^tt^l- 

thMl tt^t hU^^fff it*f^ ^xUnhi tun InmUh mt Uin^wntji 

trtitn hfi^ 6*m*''t Hftn \t*9ivr%n% thntn wlih (Im fsme 

r^ufA Mtn UftiUun^i, *th n^ m^m without eUf^hm 
f^f^Hf IhHir tmH^u^^Uf wlUi'/ut M*rik^« to ll« on* 
^tWtftil, uhtf*t% tior UtH WMtti f/t whk:h tbeir mMittmfi 
w\t0t% tH» tfH/'.M »// th#» »;i///yl fr^/ro th^fr /«et|, mkI 
Mlrrr'Ai iv« //ft/fff wltf»//«it i^ovfK)//ri« im with them. 
PtMtf'UUtiC IfirfftttCti Mi^ /rr>«t sii/l «r»f/w, «n^, «t Chrinu 
mi/t, fuMfftf Mp th#»lr winter ^u%rtifm wlihJn a dm/'s 
f»«f^h /ff th^ tttmtttift without ft hoiM«» or hut to <k»v«r 
Mi^o till th'Tf f.huUi >^ hiilJt« *n4 nuhrffUtlnff without 
* mttrmttr, l« * prtntt of pnDnttt'A ftri/1 o^t^lonc^ which, 


l''lri*Mrf on l;#^^rrih#fr 7, 17(#<)f hut * few months 
httfor** hM volufii*rlly rrillri'iulithe^ office, fn addressing 
tf«ffh hofMnN of ^'oriKfYsfis, as wa« hlK custom, he urged 
f1>e KMlat/llMhrfinnt of a National unlverHlty expreHsly 
'' Ut hriiiu Utit/nlhttr the youth tnun every (juartffr, to 
iMSilmMalA thM prloclnlm, opinions snd manners of 
ouf lumutr^utniif atio thereby IncreaHO the proKi>eet 
of a perrfiMnent f^nlon,'' an ohjeet ever dear to his 
hi^tirl., whieh he aimed to aceoninllHh by wise fore- 
ihoutfhl, fiut failed hy refiNoii of local Jealousies and 
inAari eronomy. Who will now say that If his wise 

foiinsei hii4l been heeded wo nilKbt not. have osoapod 
liM horrors and expense of our (;ivll War? 
Ofi tUi% ssnie oci'itslfMi President Ws^hlntfton renewed 

Jits rneonini('rMbi.t.|iMi, oftiiii niiule before, frir the efltAb- 
jshninnt of the Nailotial Mtlllarv Aenderny. U) Uiwh 
the selrnen of war. t.lie want of which he had often 
f«li. In bh own nrevloiis experlen^'e. Kven thlH wan 
lioi betfiin till IHO'J. riiltier to uMIIxe the old barraolw 
Mi W«<*1. Point, left, over by Mm Kevolutlonary Army 
than as a seliooi of s<'lenee, and It, was not until 1818 
iiiat. II' liioiniiKMl dlmetisloti*( of a National Military 
Aeademy, wIMi results which have excllo<l the axl- 
fnlrailoii of the world. Htlll orraslonally breaks out 
the same siilrtt of Jealousy toward th<^ army based 
iiti the old iQUtfllsh doetrinn that a standing army Is a 
Oirnat to a free imonle. a doelrlne which may have 
siune foh'e wh(«re Ihal artny Ih connnanded by a prince 
ttlslinlnu to govern t)y divino right, but Is simply 
rtdleulnns when our Hoverelirnty remaiuM with the 
imniite IheniselveH, whose eh Inf magistrate Is one of us, 
t«lntn(»d with tnnu>orary nnd reflponslblo power. After 

ft hundred yesr^' expeHenee the time has come for this 
•nlousy to dlMuppenr. (Applause.) 


>Vhnu WM^Iilngtou t(M)U his oath his army was com- 
l^nstMl of the wjtH^Us nnd renmluders of his old Rovolu- 
tlouary At*my. amounting to s2,2n2 men. which ho or- 
tMttKt^d Into a bnttaltun of Infantry. When in 1707 
N MluqulshtMl his command to a constitutional 
•U<^«^t^»«o)\ that army had grown to be 3.353 men. con. 
•ttvting ot a gt^nora) staff, a squadron of dragoons, a 
ImMallon ot artJU<^rtst« and engineers, and three regi- 
ments Vit lntMitry« On this basis has been built up 
ih« nr««<mt rUUtair establtsbment of the United States. 
mlmhtiiut f>f tit^ J<U office^ and men. many of whom 
•#v mtfhfsmtbAiMnts, and a militia force in reserve of 
r,Mtf/«^^ mvn cikiitU*ii» of bearing amis. I will cot 

Vi %« 4rjs« if "iiA 3raraui siC ^tBomufs Tt "Sut 
rtstr»n.. .r. xiti SkJ^n. as -S3b0f li a nee^ sjexesui, 
!U*tai a^^-. *» a nJlon -J. nisi. lur tn. -^ls ^ 
: :nA'JvUi zut Tiuo-aicr* if -sut It^Tran aail Ctrl 
Tiuifut w*r» m srie i ? as "Sui Isz It 'ai -.ry -sr zhio 
S-ai lifaorpj; -Bi^y -vaVk *Jut saexx -xiiii^irai, Taed. tiie 
Mcaut aruA t>ub.*e«£ Ziut sanMt 'ia^-fsn. w%e» V^icul b j 
nut »aiaut ^anr» ^uvt tiLavJiA "Sia iaaifr £a^ 'Ap^ 
yavm^,, Kvw -l^jgqtr *r»i ^htt •htii* wi-ct, ti due 
vM -srsser -si ZTTTZ, Onutnl Twun-^-^^ ijii to ti»- 
T^MZ I^arti S'Wfiivm- a »:«£^ rsar-il i^ ti-t se&(3o! of 
ta* griskc F»ie*liWiRi; i> vaici iii ari. j »r Val>j Forge 

'i:«e£p£fru»— iiM«>aa wiici -aok ise; rMi. 

!i:a gr«a( ^iy:f tr> ;e»: :fLat amj fnc T%:acT to 

tofT t,^ Vt* thA *xA as. ToytlBnn. ^%.p;l»asc 

mtUi94 4finra after the War cf &e BeroCattoii from 
iKM^ntUjb lo csc«ra!r^a. aod U fel? even unto this 
lay; Ixtt ti> General 7as!Js,2taii dkjeffj ereir loldier 
of tfcU lazyl cms wftt. Rrretential aw?. iKcaose fh«y 
TtaliUi XhM. be l^red Cfder. fjsteiii. ecocomj and faitb- 
fDl fervlee: fhat by bis ofwn example, bj bis teaeb. 
bkCi aod wTltfngi, Le icpr^aed opoc evcTrbodr the 
raloe of dltclplixke and subordfnatlon to r^kfol an- 
tborlty perfwtlj eoi»fstent wltb Ameriean ciriieDSblp. 
In ffcjs spirit luM the present army of tbe United 
fsta^es been trained* and althoogb predicted trf 
Europeans there !« no fnstanee in our military blstory 
of tike onsorpation of ctvQ power not wairanted hjf 
tbe law of tbe land. Of the labors, toils and snffer- 
fng* of oor little army on our remote frontiers I 
coold paint many a picture as true and toocblng as 
that gfv^n by the Fafber of h!s Country about his own 
army at Valley Forge, and I answer again tbe Army 
of the F7nited States have been as true to their oaths 
•f the needle to the pole. CLoud applause.) 


I can with equal confidence speak of our Navy — 

for I olaim to be somewhat of a web-foot myselil 

(laughter), having crossed the line twiee in a man-of-: 

war, and having seen old Neptune oome over the side 

with hfs brush and bucket (laughter) ; but in the 
presence of the veterans here I feel unsuited to the 
task assigned me, because I yield to them, yea, to any 
midshipman who has graduated at our most valuable 
Naval Academy at Annapolis, and who has done his 
first cruise 'at sea, a better knowledge of their pro- 
fession tham I possess. 

Steol. steam, electricity and nftro-glyoerlne have 
revolutionized the navies of the world, have banished 
from the high seas the majestic line-of-battle ship, the 
handsome frigate and speedy sloop, and In their stead 
have substituted monitors and stcel-clads. real mon- 
sters, of the most uncouth patterns, so that were 
Nelson and ColUnpwood. John Paul Jones and Stewart 
recalled to earth they would find themselves strangers 
on their own decks. The world will go ahead, and I 
have abundant faith that the heroic youth of our Navy 
will keep well abreast In these modern inventions, and. 
should the occasion arise, they, too, will prove equal 
to it, as they have ever done In the past (Applause.) 

Therefore, let me conclude with what I might have 
begun and finished with : 

The Army and Navy forever. 

Three cheers for the red, white and blue. 

(Loud cheers, long continued.) 


Charles W. Eliot, president of Harvard Col- 
lege, said in part: 

That brief phrase— the schools and colleges of the 
United States— is a formal and familiar one ; but what 
Imagination can grasp the Infinitude of human affec- 
tions, powers, and wills which It really comprises t 
Not the liveliest and most far-reaching. But let na 
try. Let us forget the outward things called schools 
and colleges, and summon up the human beings. 

Imagine the 8,000 000 children actual]^ in at- 
tendance at the elementary schools of the comitiT 
brought before your view. They would fill this sreat 
house sixteen hundred times, and every time it would 
be packed with boundless loves and hopes. Each 
unit in that mass speaks of a glad birth, a bri^tened 
home, a mother's pondering heart, a fathei^ carsful 
Joy. In all that multitude every little heart bounds 
and every eye shines at the name of Washrngtoii. 
They all, of whatever race— British, Irish. Frowb, 
German, Scandinavian, Italian, Spanlsb, Gre^ 
African. Indian— and of whatever reltgioiis 


inuulDn— Jewish, Mormon, Koman Catholic, Anglioun, 
I.iiUiemi, Weslojim Presbyteilan, ConKragatloniU— aU 
JiftTe teamed that he waa the brave and Eteadfast- 
•oldlen. the wise statesman ami the patriotic ruler, who 
made tbolr country Iieo, sli-ong mid Just. They aU 
know his flsure, dress and features, and It ashed to 
name their aountry's hero, ever? voice would answer, 
Washington. (ApplauBe.) 

The :iSO,000 slrlg and boys In the secondary schools 
«ce getting a toller view of this Incomparable character 
tbaa the younger children can reach. Ihey are old 
-aoougb to understand his civil aa well as his military 
achievements. The; ieaiu ot his great port Id that 
immortal I'ederal Convention at 1787, ot hl9 in- 
■ostimable services In organising and conducting 
iirough two Presidential terms the new Qoveiument— 1 
services ot which he alone was capable— and ot lils 
firm resistance to misguided public clamor. They see 
Urn ultimately victorious In war and suocesjjful In I 
j>eaoB, bu« only through much adversity and over i 
maity obstacles. 

Kext picture to yourselves the 60,000 students Id 
ooUeies and universities— selected youth of keen intelll- 
Jteoce, wide reading and hlgb ambition. They are 
able ki compare ^toablngton with the greatest men 
tif otAer tjmes and cuunirles, and to appreciate the 
unlilua quality at hie ,'i'eiiown. They can set him be- 
dside Uie heroes ot romance and bia i ory— be? ide Uavld, 
•Alexander, Pericles. Goes at'. Saladln CliarlemoKne, 
CustavuB Adolphus, J oho Hampden. William the 
^lont. Peter ot Kussla and Frederick the Great, only 
to find him a nobler human tyne tban any one of 
tliBm (applause), completer In his nature, happier In 
his cause, and more fortunate In the great issues o( 
tile oaroer. They are taught, to seo In him a soldier 
whose Eword wrought only meroy and Justice for man- 
kind : a statesman who steadied a remarhahle c^neratlon 
of Dubllo men by his mental poise and exalted them 
by Bis singleness of heart, and a luloc whose eserclse 
of power estahilshed for the first time on earth a I 
righteous Government by all tor all. They recognlce | 
la bjm a simple, stainless and robust character, which i 
-•erved with dazzling siiccesa the precious i^auae ot 
tanman progress through liberty, and so slanils. like I 
the sunlit peak of t'he Matterhom, uomalohed In all \ 
the world, (Applause.) 

And what ^all I say In liehalt of the 360,000 
teachecs of the United States? They deserve some | 
■mention to-day. None of them are rich or famous; . 
most of them are poor, rellring and unnoticed ; but ] 
tt la they who are building a perennial monument to 
Washington. It Is they who give him a mllllon- 
longiied fame. (Applause.) Tbey malce him live I 
agdn In the young hearts of aucceaslve gi?neralJon3 , 
and Six his Image there as the American Ideal of a 
public servant. 

It Is through the school." and collegei! and the Na- i 
Uonal literature that the heroes of any people win 
lasting renoirn, and It Is through these came agencies 
that a nation Is mouMei) Into the llheneas of Us 
"heroes. This local commemoration of one (Treat event 
In the life of Washington and of the t'nlted Stafeg 
Is well: but It Is as nntblni: comnared with the 
Inoesaant memorial of him which the 5choolB and 
-eoUegea of the ceuntrv maintain from generation In 
SeinPrallon. I have mentioned only the pupils Bpd 
teachers now In school and colleco. but all the gen- 
-eraflone for a hundred years past have sounded tlie 
pratse nf this Virginia country gentleman, and count- 
less generatlonn to rome will swell the loud ai'olatm. 
What a reward In Washington's I What an Inflenre 
Is his, and will be 1 One mind and will transfused 
by sympathetic Instruction Into mUltons; one chsj^ 
aoter a standard for millions ; one life a paf tern for 
all public men, teaching what greatness Is, and what 
■the pathway to undying fame. (Long-oiin tinned 


Here are some of the points made b7 James 
fiuseell Lowell In his address : 

A needful frugality, henl^ant alike lo both the 
partlol pants In human utterance, has limited the 
Allowance of each speaker this evening to ten min- 
utes. [Laughter.) Cut In thick slice a. our Utile 
loaf of time would nnt suffice for all. This seems a 
■meagre rafloa. hut If we give to our llle the 
I*a!mlst's measure of seventy years, and bear In 
mind the papulation ot the globe, a little ciphering 
Will show that no single man and brother Is en- 
titled even to so large a^hare of our attention as this. 
<Laughlor.) Moreover, how few are the men. In 
any generation, who could not deliver the messalgB 
with which the good or evQ genius has charged 
«iem In less than a sixth part ot an hour. 

I am to speak tor literature, and oc our own as 

lormlng now a recognized part ot It. This Is nol 
the place for a critic al balancing ot what we have dopt 
or left undone in this field. An exaggerated estimate, 
and Indlscrlmlnateness of praise which Implies a feai 
speak the truth, would be unworthy oi myself or ol 

t of n 

headstones , since It would be invidious 
to epeak ot the living. But tho list would be short 
as 1 could call few of the names groat, as the impartial 
years measure greatness. I shall prefer to assume 
that American lllerature is not worth speaking for 
at all, If it were not quite able to speak for Its^f, as 
all others are expected to do, 

I think this a commemoration In which It Is 
peculiarly fitting that literature should take part. (Ap- 
plause.) For we ai« celebrating to-day our true birth- 
day OB a Nation, the day when our consciousness of 
- , possibilities began. All 

and large 

that went before was birth-thro 

recalls US to a sense of something to ^vhlch ^ ___ 

Indifferent, I moan that historic continuity, which, 
as a factor In moulding National Individuality, Is not 
only powerful In Itself but cumulative In Its operation. 
In one of these literature finds the bdII. and In the 
other the climate, It needs. Withi 
a National consciousness po llteratu 
Into being, under the condldoi ' 

that V 

could have come 

... ._.oh we then were, 

parasitlo and dependent. Without the 

iHnulty which slowly Incorporates that conaolons- 
oBss Into the general life and thought, no literature 
could have acqulmd strength to deCaob Itself and begin 

And here another thought suggested bv the day 
comes to my mind. Since that precious and persuii- 
slve Quality, style, may be exempllSed as truly in a 
life as In a xvork ot art, may not the character ot the 
^real man whose memory decorates this and all our 
days (applause). In Its dignity. Its strength, its Calm 
ot passion restrained. Us Inviolable reserves, furnish 
a lesson which our literature may study to great 
advantage l 

And not our literature atone, scafcely hod we 
become a Nation, when tjie only part of the Old World 

whosj language we understood began ' "" ' ' — 

tones ot despondency, where wkk nu 
could not Improvise Vlrglls 
made an obliging eifort to dc 
thought the question partly .. 
agreeable. And Indeed It had 

literature. We 

Miltons, though we 

Filling In this, ws 
air and wholly dis. 

1 as It seemed, for. 

^ral nations tar older than i 

Race bad been longer wantlni 

after all, a nation without a llt*irature Is Imperfectly 
cepreaented In the Parliament of Mankind, It Implied, 
therefore. In cur case, the obligation of an lllustrlons 
blood. (Applause.) 


Llteratore has been put somewhat low on tho 
list ot toasts, doubtless in deference to necessity of 
arrangements; but perhaps the place assigned to It 
here may bo taSen as roughly Indicating that which 
It occupies In the general estimation. And yet I 
venture to claim for It an Influence (whether fop 
good or evil) more durable and more wli^ely operative 
than that eiorted by any other form by which human 
genius has found tipreaslon. As the special dls- 
unctlon of man Is speech. It should seem that there 
can be no higher achievement of civilized men, no 
proof more conclusive that they are civilized men, than 
the power of moulding words Into suoh fair and noble 
forms as shall people the human mind forever with 
Images that refine, console and Inspire. (Applause.) 
It Is no vain superstition Uiat has made the name of 
Homer sacred to oil who love a bewllohlngly simple 
and yet Ideal picture of our human life, In Its doing 
and Its suffering. And there are books which have 
regenerated nations. It Is an old wives' tiLle that 
Virgil was a great magician, yet In that survivea 
a witness of the influence which made him. through 
Dante, a main factor Id the revival ot Italy, after 
the one had been eighteen, and the other five, cen- 
turtes In his grave. 

I am not insensible lo the wonder and exhilaration 
ot a maiorlal growth without example In rapidity and 
expansion (applause), but I am also not Insensible to 
the grave perils latent In any civllliatlon whch allow* 
its chief energes and Interests to be wholly absotlied 
In the pursuit ot a mundane prosperity. "Eejoloe.' 
young man, again I soy relelce ; let thy heart cheer 
thee In the days of thy youth ; but remember that for 
all these things God -will coll thee Into Judgment" 




Tka Wenaiie oi s people itenld be Um leeonl of 
tts Jojs um sbRVTs, lis MfirmUoDfl a&d Its liioxt^ 
^"^'■^f. tu vtedom ajDd lu fDllj. We caanot &v Uiat 
•or ovn a« yei wriBf^is uc, Ihu I believe that be vfao 
maaA» s bukdred yean beoee vbeie 1 am gianding 
BOV9 eoBKftOBs that be ipeihi to tbe most povcilnl 
aod pnwpeious ocMxu&imlty erer derijecl or deireloped 
bj man* vlll »eak of our literature vltb tbe aficaraaee 
oi OBft vbo bfiholrts wbat ve bope lor become a toalJty 
wmA a nomemUm forerer. (LoDf applaiuo.) 

*Tbe Siaus* waft the toast to which Fitx- 
Hni^ IdBt respondecL Some of the thiiisb be njd 

Hie BzeelleDCj. fbe Ptesldent of tbe United Stetef, 
Gtialmaa. aad GeatieoieB: Tbe Inau^raiioo 
oi ITirnrtr WiebinfttrTi as tbe first President of tbe 
Catted States Is ibe event in Amefican bistory we 
are eelebfatlns to-nlsbt. It so bappens that I am 
at pnsent Governor of tbe State in wblcb be was 
b«n, Uved* and Is now sleeplDK bis last sleep so 
«Blet|y and calmly tbat no soiiad will ever awake 
bim to giotr acain. Owing to tbat clreomstaiiee, aad 
freii no merit of mine, 1 Ibel I bave been bonored 
by tbe reqnest to make a lespoose to tho toast Jnst 

Vlfc;£nia. In giving tbls lOnstHooB patriot to tbe 
wbole counCiTt reeocnixes tbe fKt that tbougb one 
Mafte mao- eoxitaln the locality cxf bis bfrth. and tbe 
of his b«ufaL no Qn*i State can bovad his boond- 
fame. bat that on wings of leiMi w n his gloiy has 
wafhed to all parts of tfa* known worid. and 
;b Stafe in the AnKrSeaa Union is equally 
In all fliat pntafna to tbe hero's Ufe, ocr- 
cbar a ele t, (Applsaae.! 


in yovtib, gloiioas ftronidi Ofe. ineat 

bluest a»bftlon was tbe bappineas of 

bis roble^ victory tbe conquest of himself. 

J In con^Vli^fnc the Etat^^s. therefore, we 

tlK £»ther of inr cotLctrr. not only for 

of his frtyrd^ not octy becaose be was 

t cf the Cooventfon of 1787. which fraaMd tbe 

tfon. but beracae It was doe to bis great in- 

that the Constitutional helm of our G<yverament 

attached to the Ship of State, wlicn first laoncbed 

gz0«t enerimenal voyage. 

case with patHotic pride upon the grand tivcn 

fiow from State to State, as they bear imon flieir 

broMl bosoms the wfcite-wfnged mcssragns of 

„ bvt bow seldom do oar thouebis dwell upon 

floiDoe from which these blessings flow. (Applauae.) 



Upon Ton 

banner each Slate is a star 

and light of p ree enee there 

Oat no man in this sideiMlid andienoe can so to their 
beds of btaK aM point out tbe star tbat lepments 
f«4fp«^ ircnn that rcnreseoting tbe gieat Empire State 
of JCew-Tork. (Applauae.) 

The Federal bead in our system of gov ernm ent is 
fto sun ; the States, tte planets : the first is regulated 
by delesued po weis t he second exercises aU rights 
sot ^veci to the fir?t. exrept tbo^ sj^NriCrally pro- 
bfbitad. If tbe States break from their or*>its and en- 
croach iqKm tbe National Govenn&ent. disaster and 
fBte foDow; if the Nattosal Government invades the 
reserved ri^tU of the States, calamity comes : so that 
oboerrance on tbe part of both of this article 10 of the 
Amendments to tht ConsHtutkni assures the liberties 


The Bepublie of to-day should be tbe Bepubllc of 
fte fathers— the United States of 1889, under our 
present dlstinguisLed Cb^ef Magistrate, will tLen be 
the United States of 1841 and 17e9, when the sceptre 
of power was in the hands of a WHliam Henry 
Harrison (applause) and a George Washington. (Ap- 

May it so eontlnue, and may the contest hereafter 
be ta e c u the States be for the promotion of commerce 
aad civilization, the progress of agiicultural and 
■uumfacturing wealth, sind the development of the arts 
and aeienees, while each State is laboring at ihe same 
time to promote the common glory of the United 
Btatee. Then may we hear tbe harmonious invocationB 
iflwa r fbrty'two hearts, aeeendlng b> our fathers' Goi, 
sweeping into the heavens and rising above the stars. 


that State shall not lift up Its sword acslast, Swlo. 
ndtber shall they know war any bobb. aad that tbe 
reign of peace, union and frstomlty shall be as lasting 
as tbe home of tbe staia— as etemal a* tbe ioandaii'jn 
of tbe everlasting hUs and in yonr hathor heco may 
"liberty enlightening tbe woiii* Join the sweUing 
anthem and proclaim to her subjects everywhere that 
tbe problem of free, popular and Oanst-tailona gjwtxtk- 
meat has been solved upon the ftnifrtfiia conilnaaiL 
(Long contlnned applausci 

Here are a few of the points made bar Senatoc 

John W. Daniel, of Virginia : 

Upcm our flag Is a star for evtrj State. In tbe 
Senate it is an equal State for every 
State has two Senators, aad however thi 
may be amended in otiier respects, by 
of the States, It is provided that -"no Staae, witboat 
its consent, shall be deprived of its equal soCiagi 
In tbe Senate.* The States present iioiinihii 1 dhrer. 
sltles of territory, populatfon. wealth, aoil. cltaate. 
race, creed and blstoiy. They dUfer in an tUng^ 

: save in oao thing; each is sovereign. The CrimtB Is 

. a Judicial body, and so made that equal Statas may sil 
In Judgment upon their offieers. aad rowkiH and db- 
mi^. If need be, the Supreme Jadge or the President 
The Senate is an executive body, and so made that the 
President may make no treaty with a foreign naUoa 
and may appoint no public oflBcer "save by the ad- 
vloe and consent* of equal sovereign States by tbek 
Senators delivered. 

United In one body as tbe Stales are in one Con- 
stttution, and yet each Senator deriving titte firom a 

I separate source, the Senate is a mtrror of an inds- 
stmctfble imlon ol Indestmctible States. Xcither 
Roman nor Greek furnished its model' nor was It 

- drawn fkom the institutions of oar mooier coontry; 

■ it Is purely American in Its origin and was the design 
of a great people unttor tbe Inspiratton of a grnft 
agei The Senate has preserved its abaoiate fkeedom 

' of. debate. The call of the previous question is un- 

. known to Its partlamentary usages. It has been tim 
to its design and its traditions. The sovereign State 
can ever be heard through its Senator in the eoonefl 
chamber of the Senate. And as long as this noble 
tradition is preserved and this noble liberty Is exer- 
cised the State and the United States may exclaim in 
hours of i»erfl, with better i^gfat than the Roman, " ImUl 
to the Senate* 


When Resident Harrison was inlrodcced* the 

company arose, waving handkeiehieCs and nap- 

' kins, and cheering wildly. The President's le- 

. marks were heard in evecF part of the halL and 

at frequent intervals the am>lause was almost 

tumoltaous. At the close the cheering continaed 

for several minutes. The President spoke as fol- 

i lows: 

Mr. President and FeDow ClttEois: I should be un- 
lust to myself, and what is more seiioas. I should 
be unjust to you, if I did not at this Urst and last 
opportunity express to yon the deep sense of obliga- 
tion and thankfulness which I feel for those many psr- 
sonal and official courtesies which have been exteiMed 
to me since I came to take part In this great celebra- 
tion. (Applause.) The official representattvea of the 
State of Xew-York^ and of this great city, bave attended 
me with tbe most gracious kindness, omitting no 
office or attention that couM make my stay among 
yon pleasant and gratifying. (Applause.) F^om you 
and the hundreds of thousands mho have thronged tihe 
streets of this great commercial metropolis, I have 
received the most cordial expressions of good wHL I 
would not. however, have yon nnderstand tbat these 
I loud acclamis bave been in any sense appropriated as 
I a personal tribute to myself. I have realised tbat 
; there was that in this occa^cm aad In all these In- 
cidents, which have made it so profoundly Impresslva 
to my mind, which was above and greater than any 
living man. (Great applause.) I have realtaced that 
that tribute of cordial interest which yoa have mani- 
fested was rendered rather to that great office which 
by the favor of a great people I now oxnrelse. than ta 
me. (Applause.) 

The occasion and all its litcidents win be memor* 
able, not only in the history of your Stale, but In tbe 
history of our country. Xew-York did not succeed 
in retaining the seat of National Govemmeat hna, 
though she made liberal provision for the assembUng 
of the 1st Congress, in the expectadon tbat the Cbn- 
gross might find its permanent home here: bat tVftugh 
you lost that which you coveted, I think tte repio> 
sentatlves here of all the States will agree that tft 


wu fortunate Uiat the first iDaugiiratron of Wash- 
lUKton took ulBoe In the Btate uut in tlia oltf of New- 
Yoiti. (Applause.) For wliei-a In our country oould 
tlie centennial of the eVont hnvp tieea bo n'Orthll; 
A' hat aeabaiud 

re? (Applause.) 

poured oi.. 

our naval anil „ 

oily offered thoroughfares so magiiLflcont 
"'*" — "0 great and. ho generous as Now-Yorfe has 
It to-day to celebrate chat event! (Applause.) 
. . .. . 's of the committee who 
^talla— onerous, exacting 
thla demonstration, an 
In my physical endurance 

. r, (Great lauehter.) But I 

also aotnowlodge still one other obligation. The 
amlttee having In charge the eierolses of this evon- 
bare also given mo an eviaence of their confldencB 
Ich haa Seen accompanied wltli some embarraas- 
nt. Aa 1 have noted the progi-ess of this banquet 
,.= .1 *„ — ..... ...u .. .^._.| distinguished 


speakers has been 
before he took his e 
ftnd that I alone » 
my Oteme when I t 
I prefer to subs tit 
u tho progrr 

. J them,, 

the hanquet-table (laughter) ; 


'O^ C 

Lt familiar fireside e 

_ _r Country,' (Applause,, 

I oongratulate fou lo-da; aa one of the _ 
■Dd InteresUDg features of thla occasion that these 
neat thoniiighfares, dedicated to trade, have closed 
tbeir doois, an4 have covered tho Insignia of coinmotve 
wMt the Stars and SIrfpea (loud cheer-' ■ '"- - 

n carried, and upon tl 

to trade have given thesi 

thoughts of her glory, and 

and prosperity. (Loud ch 

I have great pleasure 

among these fair 
-night (applause), 
ircn who mtnsled 

1 higher and 

,- .1 who look down upon 

and In thS hearts of these lltt 
their piping cries with the h 
as tbey moved along your stre 

that patriotism has been bl<...„ „ 

boiler Same In many hearts. (Applause.) 
nors with which ynu have covered your wans, tnese 
patrlotlo Inscriptions, must come down; and the ways 
of commerce and of trade be reBjmed again here ; but 
may I not ask you to carry these banners that now 
hang on the walls Into your homos, Into the public 
schools of your city (applause), and Into all your p'eat 
Institutions where children are gathered, and U> drape 
them there, that tho eyes of the young and of the old 
may look npon that flag as one of tho familiar adorn- 

Uave you not learned that not stnelis or bonds or 
statflly houses, or lands, or products of mill, or field. Is 
our country) It Is a spiritual thought that Is In cur 
minds. (AppMuse.) It Is the flag and what It stands fnr. 
It Is Its glorious history. It Is the fireside and the 
Uome, It Is the high thoughts that atfl In the heart, 
bom of the Inspiration which cjmes of the story of 
the fathers, the martyrs to liberty— It Is the graveyard 
Into whloh our grateful country has gatnCred the 
unconscious dust of those who died. Here In those 
things la tbat thing we love and call our country— 
rather than anything that can be touched or handled. 
(Great applause.) 

Let me add Iho thought : That we owe a duty to 
. i_ peace _as weU as In war. Perhaps 

never In the history 
well equlppml for war upon tJia Oi 
" Good I Good I') ; and yet we hav 
In our history when our people 
with a love of peace. 

f old, n 

t be toiTChted h 

Bttpremacy ; ._ ,._,_ 

the home pure and honorable, as well as to give 
onr eneretos In the direction of our material advance, 
ment— this service we may render, and out of this 
sreat de-nonstratlon do we not feel llhe reconsecrat- 
Tng ourselves to the love and to th* service of our 
eoantryl [Prolonged and loud applause.) 

The President was escorted (mm the building to 
hto oarrlage hy the Kntertalnment Committee. There 
were many people outside the doors waiting to see 
htm, late as the hour was. 




I There have been many ocoaslons, doubtless, which 
at the time of Uieli ooourrenoe have seemed (o thOM 
taUng part In them to be posseesed of every quality 
o( superlative excelieikoe, but which, when looked 
upon reuospeotlvely, appear to lose something ol 
their force. The partlolpantg In the centennial ban- 
quet at the Metropolitan Opera House on Tuesday 

I night, Including tliose whose enJoymeDt wu confined 
to the llatening of the speaking, are among the fortu- 
aUt) nnee who may looli back on an occasion uid feel 
that il« Elory will hardly lade while the power of 

I memory laata. 

With the lights, the flowers, the (air women In the 
boxes, adorned with glittering Jewels, (he heavily 
perfumed atmosphere, and the sweet music of stringed 
Instruments to furnish Inspiration, and with tha 
added consolousneas that the highest Intelligence of 
the Katlon was represented In tho audience. It was 
only natural that the speakers should strive to rise 
in oloquence of thought and expression to a piano 
worthy of the theme, of the place and o( the hour. 

Ko one who who was preseni, perhaps, will ever 
forget how the President looked aa he delivered his 
address. All the dignity and honor of his great 
omce were upon him and his action, no less than hl9 
magnificent command of words, s) 
CDnscious o( holding the toi«most n 
ejt MatloQ on earth, and no une whi 
could fail to bo Impressed by the ci fltiod the ofUoe, Every ~— — - 

President uttered was heard In every part of the great 
auditorium. His strong resonant voice of wonderful 
volume seemed to roU In waves o£ sound Into every 
recess His enunciation was perfect and his gestures 
were graceful and effective. His was tho speech of the 
night, and the honors he won by his eloquence ven 
no mean ones in such an array oi HpoaBora as was 
^'-'^-hf N^w""ork Times" stated editorially Wodn^day. 
In Its comments on the banquet, that ei-Presldent 
Cleveland was groeted wltli greater enthusiasm than 
General Harrison oaUed forth. This Is absolutely 
false. Mr. aeveland certainly tBColved a wann re- 
ception entirely worthy of one who hart recently Hlled 
the offloo of President, even If some of Its warmth was 
the result ol sympathy for defeat, but it was not to ne 
compared with tho acclamations of the people tor 
President Harrison. ., _. . 

Governor Hill's close attention to the manuscript 
copy ol his speeoh detracted from the effect of his 
words It was impossible, as he was compelled to 
read each sentence, for him to attempt eloquence o( 
delivery. Mr. Cleveland's remarks were well dellv- 
eied and wore distinctly heard. While Mayor Grant 
filled the post of presiding officer with Intelligence and 
with credit, nature has unkindly given him a rather 
shrill voice whloh, when raised as It was to penetrate 
the far comers of the auditorium, grated unpleasantly 
on the ear. Senator nanlel was heatd In every part 
Of the hall, and his delivery was Impressive and 
smooth. James Eussell Lowell spoke In so low a 
voice that his address was not heard save by hia 
closest neighbors. Everybody was disappointed at his 
'"'Ivery, whloh seemed entirely Inadequal- *" *""■ ""- 

e in the groat- 

kw and listened 
Ictlon that tha 

oasion."'lt was also unfortunate that Mr. LoweU 
found It necessary to keep hIa wes filed 
upon bis manuocdpt while readlnK his speeeh. If 
the splendid audience became a little restless at any 
point, it was during the address of this distinguished 

--- -■ ■-— -- -^ - — — - "- lot seem to givo 

nith him. Gov- 



ways welcome, received an enthusiastic reception, and 
the old hero was evidently proud of It Ex-Presldent 
Hayes also spoke distluctly. If Chief JustSoe Fuller 
could have declaimed bis address, Instead of raadlng 
It, It would have been more effective, and this will 
apply fully as well to President Eliot, of Harvard 

Tbe arrangement by which tlie President was made 
the last speaker of the evening was some^what criti- 
cised. It was popularly belle\o<l that the committee 
had given this position to him In order to keep the 
audience together until the( last moment, and this was 
characterized as unjust The oommlttee, however, 
when spoken to about it, explained that the toasts 
^were' so arranged as to show the constitutional de- 
velopment of the country from the colonies to the 
present day. 

The members of the Entertainment Committee have 
every reason to be proud of the success of the ban- 

auet, and parUoular credit is due bo Stuyvesant) Fish. 
!ie chaliman, and to W. E. D. Stokes, for the hard 
work they accomplished. The other members of the 
committee, William Waldorf Astor. William B. Beek- 
man, 6. L. M. Barlow, Robert Oodlet, William Jay. 
Oouvemeur Morris, Levi P. Morton and Stephen H. 
OUn, also contributed to a large share of the suc- 
cess by their pcrional efTorfs. During the 
t>anquet it was remarked. even by mem- 
bers of the Entertainment Committee, that Ward 
McAllister's achievements in securing all of the llo- 
mance Contl burgundy that there was in the country 
for use at the ball was remarkable. This glorious 
wine of the vintage of 1878 was of superb excellence. 
There were onHy 150 bottles of It, each of which cost 
96, and it was rare, indeed, when it had to go around 
among 800 men accustomed t" good wine. Mr. Mc- 
Allister was right when he said thSeit if he were not 
there this burgundy would not be properly served. 
It was cold when brought upon the tables, and the 
temperature of the room was not high/ enough to take 
off the chllL Such burgundy as that should have 
t>een of the temperature of a warm room. Not one 
of the men who smoked the splendid cigars that Mr. 
McAllister had specially made for the dinner, each 
casting fifty cents, failed to appreciate them. The 
only fault was thai there were too few of them. 

Mr. Lowell, commenting on the dinner, was over- 
toard to say that never in the great banquets of 
Europe had he seen one of similar dimensions more 
•dmtrably conducted. 



The pyrotechnic display at Central Park Plaza, 
Fifty-ninth-st. and Elghth-ave., was not exceeded in 
l)rllliancy by that in any part of the city. The long 
Unes of people which thronged the square early in the 
evening in eager anticipation of the show were amply 
rewarded for the'r patience and discomfort. The repre- 
lentatlon of the figure of Washington in jets of gas 
flame formed a magnificent spectacle and merited the 
prolonged applause which it received. During an 
hour and a half the square was as light as day. 
Hundreds of dollars' worth of rockets went streaming 
through the air. People lingered about the plaza 
till 10 o'clock In the vain hope that the display would 
t>e repeated. 

Seldom have so many people been drawn to Battery 
Park as were attracted there to see th^ 
Centennial fireworks. They began to gather long be- 
fbre dark and continued to come until most of the 
display had been given. If once a peraon got Into 
the crowd it was next to impossible to get out again 
until the crowd Itself moved when there was nothing 
more to see. Women and children were crushed and 
hustled until they had no strength to resist, and were 
■wayed with the crowd in whatever direction it moved. 
It was, however, a most orderly Assembly, and the 
presence of the few policement on the scene seemed 
unnecessary. The pyrotechnic display was given on 
the walk running along the sea wall south of Castle 
Cfmtdea, auid wma gremUy admired by all who wit- 

nessed it. It was estimated that 15,000 people saw 
the display. 

A big crowd witnessed the display of fireworks in 
Tompkins Square. In the park and in 
Avenues A and B, and from Seventh to Tenth sts.. 

Erobably 10,000 persons enjoyed the sight The 
gure of Washington taking the oath of office, and 
also a large Centennial wheel, containing 100 smaller 
wheels, revolving slmultianeously, were especially 

In Washington Square there was a magnificent dis- 
play of fireworks. Over 200 rockets were sent up 
with tihe best of pyrotechnic effects. The fiights of 
bombs numbered sixty, and the disohairge of these 
was followed by Bengal llghtb thai 

for brilliancy have not oeen equalled since 
the pyrotechnic display of the "Siege of Moscow" at 
Manhattan Beach. There were ^ cataracts ot fire" and 
''cascades of diamond showers," that illuminated the 
vicinity of the square for many blocks. There were 
some delays in the discharge of the different kinds 
of fireworks, but the beauty of the designs in the char- 
acters represented made full compensation. 

At Union Square a great multitude gathered to wit- 
ness the display of fireworks, the show lasting from 8 
o'clock until nearly 9. Nine set pieces 
were displayed, and 300 rockets and three fiights of 
two-dozen bombs each were fired. The set pieces 
were such as were shown also at the Battery, con- 
cluding with George Washington in ContinentiBl uni- 
form. The entire park, except a small space within a 
wire fence, was crowded with people, and the upper 
rows of the stands on the four sides were also occupied. 
It was estimated that 12.000 or 15.000 people were 
present, but the crowd maintained its Kood humor, and 
no accidents were reported. 





The concert by the Grerman singing societies 
took place last night In Madison Square. An 
immense audience was present and the progiamme 
was rendered to the evident satisfaction of all 
who heard it. It is doubtful if any open-air con- 
cert in this city in recent years has been heard by 
such a tremendous fjfathering as that which literally 
choked up the square last night. The concert 
was not advertised to begin until 8, but long be- 
fore that hour the larger stand, the one in the 
park, looked like a sea of faces, while nearly every 
Inch of available space between the two stands 
was filled. 

By an unfortunate oversight a large crowd of 
people was allowed to fill the stand, in front of 
the Albemarle Hotel and Hoffman House, which 
had been reserved for the singers. When the so- 
cieties arrived from Stelnway Hall and pushed 
their way through the crowd with the aid of the 
police, considerable time had to be used up In 
dispersing the crowd from this stand, and it was 
9 o'clock before the concert began. At that time 
the crowd in the street extended from Twenty- 
fifth-st. to the arch in Twenty-th1rd-st., while a 
multitude stood on the grass behind the larger 
stand and filled the sidewalks in front of the 

At 9 o'clock a band "of seventy-five pieces^ 
under the leadership of Rdnhold Schmelz, played 
the grand march from •* Tannhaeuser** by Wagner 
with good effect. Next came ** The Jubilee Over- 
ture," by liindpainter, and then the entire chorus. 



12,000 voices^ sang " Hail Columbia** effectively 
iiaimonized by Max Yogrlch and led by Theodore 
Thomas with his customaiy skilL The societies 
not only blended well, but, under the clrcum- 
etances, sang with surprising precision and fol- 
lowed Mr. Thomas's six-foot cane with as much 
ease as if they were singing under electric lights 
instead of flickering gas jets. The band played 
for the next number the " Hallelujah Chorus," 
from ** The Messiah," by Handel, and the chorus 
followed with a capital rendering of Kreutzer's 
**The Lord's Own Day." A repetition was de- 
manded, and justly so. "^ Invocation to the Bat- 
tle," from ** Kenzi," by Wagner, was given by the 
1)and, after which the chorus sang " The Star 
Spangled Banner," also harmonized for men's 
.vplces by Max Vogrlch. 

The audience received this with great favor, 
and Mr. Thomas willingly dei)arted from his usual 
rule, and a verse was repeated. " Torchlight 
Dance," Meyerbeer, by the band ; " The Heavens 
are Telling," Beethoven, by the chorus, followed. 
The •* Jubilee Chorus," for orchestra, closed the 
programme, and it was appropriately chosen, be- 
cause it ends with a spirited arrangement of the 
American National 1 lymn. The chorus took up the 
strain of the hymn, and the audience swelled the 
chorus in triumphant tones that shook the arches 
and wound up the day in a harmonious and happy 
way. I 

It was nearly 11 oclock when the concert ended. 
Following are the societies which took part : 

Allemania Maennerchor, Allemania Quartette 
Club, Apollo, Arion, Arminla, Beethoven Maenner^ 
chor, Bloomingdale Liederkranz, Concordia Maen- 
nerchor (Brooklyn), Cordialla, Deutscher Lieder- 
toanz, Ehrenritter Gesangverein, Eichenkranz, 
Frankenberger Maennerchor, Fritz Renter Lyra, 
Germania, Harlem Eintracht, Harlem Maenner- 
chor, Harugari Liederkranz, Heinebund, Helvetia, 
Hudson Maennerchor, Humor, Zoellner Maenner- 
chor (Brooklyn), Kreutzer Quartette Club, Loreley 
Maennerchor, Marschner Maennerchor, Mozart 
Vereln, New-Yorker Maennerchor, N. Y. Lieder- 
tafel, Oesterreich, Orber Gesangverein, Orlando, 
Orpheus Saengerbund, Quartette Club, Lintracht, 
Bheingold, Hhelnischer Saengerbund, Eheinpfaejzer 
Maennerchor, Saengerlust, Saengerrunde, Schiller- 
bund, Schottener Maennerchor, Schwaebischer 
Saengerbund, Theodor Koemer Liedertafel, 
TThlandbund, Washington Heights Liedertafel, 
Yorkville Maennerchor, Veteranen Gresangverein. 



People began to tabe tbelr places on the stands 
opposite the City Hall only a little after 8 o'clock, 
and long before the parade started, every seat was 
taken. The steps of the City* Hall Itself were also 
crowded during the parade, although the stands out 
off the view almost entirely from there and from the 
lower windows. A company of favored persons, 
however, found comfortable positions on the roof of 
the building. At the Federal Building every window 
affording a view of Broadway was filled, and In several 
eases young women sat on chairs placed on the broad 
window sills. They had a good view of the parade, 
and the crowds below admired their fearlessness. 
















Sunrise— Artillery salutes. 

7 to 8 : 20 a. m.— Formation of dvlc and Industrial 

8:20— Civlo parade starts from Flfty-seventh-st. 

and Flfth-ave. 
9— President Harrison arrives at reviewing-stand. 
10 :1 5— Head of column will probably reach Canal- 

stb and parade begin to disperse. 
3 : 30— President Harrison leaves the reviewing- 
6— Parade will end. 
Closing banquets. 

(Reprinted from The Tribune. May 2.) 

It was but natural, perhaps, that in the land of 
big things and startling surprises the last day of 
the biggest celebration ever undertaken should 
turn out so much bigger than was expected that 
it had to rely on masses, rather than details; for 
its supreme impression. A country that builds 
Guthrie cities in two or three days, and populates 
a new territory several times deep in as many 
hours, is not to be balked by artistic considera- 
tions in arranging a great National celebration of 
the centenary of one of the branches of its Gov- 
ernment. Mere numbers are permitted to make 
their elemental impression* and the sincerity and 
patriotism of the masses are deduced from the f^t 
that they undergo the discomfoi t and fatigue of a 
long march, rather than from the figure they cut 
in the parade. It is this consideration that made 
the concluding feature of the three days* celebra- 
tion so significant and Interesting. 

It was the people's day. They who had enjoyed 
the spectacles of the naval parade and the march- 
ing troops on the previous days, or at least a 
splendid quota of them, were themselves to make 
up the spectacle t)iat w}\s to be the great feature 
of the last day of the celebration. And they con- 
stituted a show which could not fail to fill with 



amazement the mind of the onlooker. The 
things which made this great, free country what 
it is were splt^ndidly exemplified: the thrift and 
bravery and enterprise which have built up our 
great industries ; the bravery, endurance and pat- 
riotism which the American youth Inherit; the 
natural aptitude which enables them to push 
onward in the footsteps of their fathers and fore- 
fathers (it was a common remark that the march- 
ing of the schoolboys was one of the finest features 
of the parade), and that amiable attitude toward 
the arts that embellish civilization which was 
brought here and promoted by American citizens 
of foreign birth. All these things were brought 
to mind by the great civic parade, which made up 
in variety what it lacked in coherency and or- 
ganization. But this is no place to be captious; 
it was the people's demonstration and the peo- 
ple's holiday, and though quicker movement 
and less lieterogenlty in arrangement might 
have enhanced the pleasure of the Si,«c- 
tators, it could not have added significance 
greater than that inherent in it to the ceremonial 

Circumstances, not at ail to be regretted, con- 
spired to lend peculiar impresslveness to the fact 
that the greater part of all that was strikingly 
attractive in the great civic parade was an ex- 
pression of the political devotion of American 
eitizens who became such by adoption. It has 
been noticeable for a week past that the decora- 
tions, modest though they were, were most gen- 
eial in the auarters where the masses of natural- 
iaed citizens dweU. Wall-st., with its colossal 
monuments to the American genius for money- 
making— a genius which had its devotees a hun- 
dred years ago in the same degree that It has them 
to-day— has been an inspiring sight since the cele- 
bration began. No street in the city equals it, 
and it might bear comparison through its whole 
length wit^ the same number of buildings selected 
from Broadway and Fifth-ave., Fourteenth and 
Twenty-thlrd-sts. ; but WaH-st.. with all its bright 
adornments, brings no. better testimony to the 
affection of American citizens for the fustitutions 
of free republican government than the portraits 
and flags and cheap festoons which were to be 
found by the thousands in the streets where the 
toiling masses live who came to this country as 
to a haven of rest from political serfdom and 
sodal oppression. 

There was no need of proof of the sincerity of 
their patriotism or the magnitude of the role 
which they have played in the development of the 
resources of this great land. But if there had 
been, it would have been found in abundance in 
the parade of Wednesday. Some of the societies 
which exist for mutual protection or for charitable 
reasons confined themselves to turning out in the 
parade in order to show their appreciation of the 
blessings which have been their heritage no less 
than that of the descendants of those over whom 
Washington had ruled; but others undertook to 
illustrate those features of our industrial and 
sodal life which have been chiefly cultivated bv 
In this respect the German division was the 

most significant division of the day's show. The 
introduction, not into America, but into the 
civilized world, of the art of printing, the culti- 
vation of the art of music, and the spread of 
its humanizing influences tiirough the medium 
of societies of singers, floriculture with Its gentle 
ministrations, the growth of the vine and the 
manufacture of wine, with its corollaries of 
geniality and good-friendship (inseparable from 
wine-drinking in the German mind), the pretty 
and poetical myths of childhood, he whose name 
we have translated into St Nicholas and all his 
meny train of fftys, fairies, gnomes and spirits 
that populate the meads and woods and brooks 
of the German's Fatherland and transported 
hither have helped to quicken the fancy and 
warm the emotions of American children— all 
these things, and many more, some of them not 
so unqualifiedly gracious in their influences, were 
called to the attention of the myriad of careless 
sightseers by the tableaus that beautified the 
German division in the parade. The Ldederkranz 
and Arion societies, both purely social organiza- 
tions, with nothing to hope for from the display 
in the way of advertisement, spent over $3,000 
each, in decorating allegorical wagons, besides 
sending quotas of flne-looklng, well-dressed men 
into the line. Yet they are only mentioned here 
as representatives of organizations of their kindj 
vrhose efforts were equally disinterested and 

Music appropriately played an Important part 
in the demonstration. To take a glance flrst 
at its mechanical side— fully 2.000 men en- 
gaged in manufacturing pianofortes and piaiio- 
forte actions marched in the processions, weB- 
clothed men, all of them wearing hats and canes 
bought for the occasion. The overwhelming 
fmajorlt|7 pf hhem were Germans. A orichly 
decorated wagon bearing counterfeits of an instru- 
ment of the last century and one of to-day was 
the symbol of what they have accomplished. 
What did It mean with reference to the indus- 
trial growth of the United States ? Nothing less 
than this: an industry which had its beginning 
sixty years ago is now so large that in it this 
country has now only one rival— Germany ; and 
that country is a rival largely because it made 
haste to adopt the improvements in manufacture 
which American makers invented and applied. 
In this city alone 5.000 men aie 
pianoforte maimers, and the capital in the 
business which was represented by a cipher in 
the first decades of this century, is now represent- 
ed throughout the country by $13,000,000. No 
less than 60,000 pianofortes wiU be made in the 
next year ia the United States, and the tiny tink- 
ling Instruments of a century ago, to which George 
Washington, like his great admirer, Frederick the 
Great, blew an accompaniment on the Ante in his 
sentimental moods, has developed into an instru- 
ment that asserts itself in an orchestra of a hun- 
dred instrumentalists. 

This is a commercial view, but it does not alose 
the account of what the musical portion ol 
Wednesday's parade stood for. The singers wIm 



gave their money to enrich the display and also 
walked in the prooession were the incarnations of 
that spirit which has made music one of the most 
potent agencies in the refinement of American 
Bocial life. It was well that it was consorted with 
the ohiefest of all those agencies, education^ in the 
oivio celebration of the completion of a hundred 
years of constitutional government. Several t§bb- 
leans suggested these thoughts. In one were 
grouped living images of the great composers that 
Germany has given to the world; in others alle- 
gories illustrating some of the poetical myths and 
legends which have been the inspiration of poets 
and musicians, and figures symbolizing the su- 
preme treatment which some of those myths and 
legends have received at the hands of Germany's 
last great dramatic composer. Was there a lesson 
in them ? We shall see. 

When the century began whose conclusion has 
been celebrated, a few cities in the United States 
had heard operatic representations ; but they were 
representations of the trifiing ballad operas of 
England, and English singers had generally to be 
waited for before they could be heard. The boys 
of the Charity School sang in the choir of Trinity 
Church. Gluck had been dead a year 
anSL a half; Haydn was yet to 
wait nine years before writing his first oratorio ; 
Mozart, at thirty-three, was about to. expire like 
a candle that burns itself out in half its allotted 
time; Beethoven, a struggling organist of nine- 
teen, had not yet written any of the works that 
have made his name inefi'able among musicians. 
Almost a generation was to pass before Wagner 
was to be born. Music there was in New-York, 
but not much; not long before pleasure parties 
drove oiit to Harlem to dance, and danced to the 
fiddle of a negro slave. What New-York enjoys 
now need not be enlarged on; her instrumental 
forces vie in number and skill with those of the 
capitals of German Europe; her op^ra belongs 
to the noblest institutions of its kind in the 
world, and is supported, not by subventions from 
royal exchequers wrung in the shape of taxes 
from the people, but one-half by those who go to 
enjoy its pleasures, and one-half by the ungrudged 
gifts of a body of public-spirited citizens. In 
very truth the goddess of music has come down 
from the austere heights where once she could 
only be approached by the elect among her 
devotees; she walks among the people, 

** Her feet have kissed the meadows, 
And* left the daisies rosy." 

Under smiling sides the festivities have passed 
away, and taken their place in history. Millions 
of proud American citizens have participated in 
them. No serious accident, no outbreak of 
wickedness occurred to put a spot of gloom in 
the record. The devotion of the people to their 
political institutions, their happiness and pros- 
perity under them, their respect for law, their 
constancy in the old faith, have been wonder- 
fully exemplified. The festival has been a period 
of great gladness to those of the present; it is 
an augury of great good to those who are yet 
to come. 











The step from the pomp and splendor of a mil- 
taiy review to the soberer attractions of a oivio 
and industrial parade was accomplished yester- 
day, if not without a certain sense of contrastb at 
lea«>t without necessity for any comparisons that 
are odious. Something, it may be true, of the fire 
and brilliancy of the pageant of Tuesday was miss- 
ing in the still vaster- but less coherent and less 
symmetrical parade of yesterday. The streets, per- 
haps, were a little less densely thronged; the 
crowds on the stands, at the windows and on the 
housetops along the route a httle less buoyant 
and en^us!astic. But the spirit of the celebra- 
tion was still strong, and the display ran on such 
large and generous lines that it was easy to forget 
even the dash and gayety of the review, in the 
varied and imposing buggestiveness of yesterday's 

The army of Tuesday had been gathered by com- 
mand. The Government had called, and the troops 
appeared to take their sluxre in the official cere- 
monies of a great anniversary. But yesterday 
there was no summons of State lo put the vast 
body of paradei's in motion. It was a popular and 
unforced pageant, the spontaneous expression of a 
genuine eagerness on the part of all classes of 
citizens to do honor to the memory of die first 
President and all that it stands for— 
a gratifying testimony to the soundness and 
patriotism of the city's civic and industrial life. 


Few parades, in fact^ have seen so large a 
body of foreign-born citizens in the ranks. 
Probably half of those who marched yesterday 
were born on foreign soil, or trace their parentage 
a generation or two back to foreign subjects. Yet 
on this distinctively American holiday, representa. 
tives of all races and nationalities, Germans, French, 
Italians, Austrians, Scotchmen, Irishmen, Poles 
and Scandinavians, joined in, many of them at 
a considerable expense, to hold up the reputation 
of civic against military patriotism. No feature 
of the procession was more striidng than the 
share the so-called foreign element had in it, and 
no assistance from foreign-born New-York in a 
similar way. has, perhaps, ever been so extensive, 
so timely, and so grateful. The Grermans are 
to be especially commended for their aid. 

For the distinctively American features one had 
to look to three distinct divisions, the schod 
children, who made the best marchers; the vet- 
eran firemen, and the members of the Society ol 
Tammany. All three made an excellent showing. 


aa did manj of the teadea, which tamed oat In 
ahnnt aa great toroe ae on labor Day. Thete 
majr be tikoae who qaesdon Tammanr'e position 
in ^s Bummar;. But who can say that the 
DhletB of the Wigrwam did not couvinoe the Cen- 
T*""'"! Committee of the absolute uecesBity of 
nunmaoy's flgniing in the plotnre of a century 
.of progreHB ? 

Tuesdaiy'a parade marched uptown, TcHter- 
day'B turned the route about and marched down. 
From dayUght, almost, the paradera began to 
gstlieE In the croBS-Btceeta near Central ^rk, from 
which they were to move into the avenue. An 
iDtellieible order had been drawn up, but to 
preserve regularity in suoh a multitude of imdisci' 
[dined organizations was beyond the powers of 
any grand marshal, and the plan of march 
detannined upon in advance had finally to be 
given up. !Bach oompouy fell in where It could. 
On the whole, this change had iu advantages. It 
enabled tike forces on hand to be sent down the 
avenue wifli expedition, and, contrary to expecta- 
tion, nearly all the procession got past the review- 
ing-staud before the President and his party were 
obliged to leave it to oatoh the Washington ti^n. 


Orders had been given for the big [aooession to 
start at 8:20 a. m,, and it was figured out tbaCthe 
bead of the line would reach the reviewing-Btand 
promptiy at S. But the unavoidable delay inci' 
dent to the handling ol so vast a force of pamders 
had not been reckoned with, and the few optdmlHta 
who had hoped that the grand marshal's orders 
might for once be carrjed out vrlth literal pre- 
eision. found the seats In the stands all along 
Uie avenue still bare long after the hands of the 
clock In front of the Fifiji Avenue Hotel pointed 
to the hour for the arrival of the headquarters 
■taft. Just a little after 9 a line of bluc-ooat^d 
policemen was formed across the avenue at Twen- 
tjT'third-st., and the way was cleared for the 
passage of tlie President and his party to the re- 
view! ng-«tand. Hut there was no sign anywhere 
of the expected guests. Postmaster-General Wan- 
amaher drove up to Bdadlson Square in a iiausom 
cab with Colonel Elliott F, Shepard, and seeing no 
one there turned away to the Fifth Avenue Hotel. 
For half an hour the stands filled up by driblets. 
Colonel Cruger sent his aids dashing up and down 
the avenue from time to time to report on tlie 
progiesa the paiadeis were making In forming. 
About B:80 a horsanan brought word that the 
head of the line had got down as far as Forty- 
■eoond-st. The news was spread further down 
town, and soon the ticket-holders all along the 
avenue were burryjng and scurrying to secure » 
good first view of the procession. 

At 0:40 what was really the advance guard of 
Uie grand marshal began to form in Fiftb-ave. 
almost opposite Delmonlco's. The Mayor of Bew- 
Yoik was seen to he at the head of the body, and 
hli yellow Qag was carried just In front of the 
Ikw by an orderly. All the company, about sev- 
enty ittong, wore silk hats, black frook ooata and 
broad yvUow sosbes. They were the leptesenla- 

tdvM of the civic, oommeiolal, indoslxlal and edu- 
oataonal societies of tliB city, among them the Gen- 
eral Soole^ of Mechanics and Tradesmen, tho 
Uugoeuot^ the Holland, St. Andrew's and ilie New- 
iiingland Societies; Cooper Institute, the Marina 
Society, the Chamber of Commerce, the Board of 
Trade, the Historical and Geographical Societies, 
the Society of Architects, the Artists' Society, tbv 
lUble Society, t£e School of the Collegiate Dutch 
Church, the Assooiation for the Promotion of Ar^ 
the ethnological Society, the Shipman's Assooia- 
tion, the Art Students' League, Columbia College^ 
the College of the City of New-York, 
the Bar Association, the Board of Onder- 
writers, the Brewers', Builders', ColTee, 
Cotton, Stock and Petroleum Exchanges; tiie 
Electrical Society, the Jewellers' Secorily Amo. 
elation, the Board of Trade and Transportation. 
the Society of American Artista, the Mercantile 
Exchange, the Master Painters* Association and thtt 
Master Plumbers' Assooiation. With the Mayor 
ilicse representatives of the trade and Industry 
of the city were to hand to the Presidrait an ad- 
dress of congratulation and then join him in re- 
viewing the parade from the Madison Sqnar* 


At 0:50 a squad of mounted policemen galloped 
up the avenue, and behind them were seen the four 
horses whii^ drew the President's carriage. ColO' 
uel Cruger was on the front seat and General 
Harrison and Vioe-Preeident Morton on the bacU 
one. A hearty cheer arose from the orowd as 
the President and Mr. Morton stepped down from 
tjic tjarriage and walked toward the ceviewinf- 
box. Other carriages brought eic-Pw^dent Hayes, 
Secretaries Wlndonu Proctor, Noble, Busk and 
Tracy, the Attomey-Geueral, the Postmaster-Gen. 
era], GSeneral Sherman and Eussell B. HarrisonJ 
A carriage was sent to the Victoria Hotel, and 
soon ex-Piesident Cleveland was seen driving down 
the avenue to join the reviewing party. The 
crowds along the route recognized him and cheered 
good-naturedly. He took his place to the Fie^ 
dent's left, and everything was ready for Uie 

To a stirring strain of music the Mayor and his 
associates moved down the street. They hahed 
before the stand, and Mr. Grant, hat in hand, 
stepped over to the edge of the sidewalk, JnsI 
beneath the President. In a voice that ooold 
be heard only a few yards oft, he modestly said g 

Hr. President: I have the honor to deliver to youi 
SB HayoF of the city of Naw-York, an addresa aigned by 
over 100 Individuals, in whloh Uiey congratulate yon 
on this oooaslon. 

Then he handed up to General Harrison a silves 
oyliuder about fourteen Inches long, prettily chased* 
and bearing this inscription: 


OItIh ud IndusLrlal Fande. AddrsHed to the Prad. 
dent ot Che Uolted Stales b; tba Olvlo, I ~ 



The President bowed and reached down for the 
cylinder. Glancing at It a moment, he passed It t0 



Vice-President Morton, who next gave it to Rus- 
sell B. Harrison. The cylinder opened by a cap at 
one end. It contained a scroll of parchment sev- 
eral feet long, on which was engrossed this ad- 

To Benjamin HarrlBon, President of the United States, 

Apl^l 30. 1889. 
The undersigned representatives of the civic, com- 
mercial. Industrial and educational organizations and 
bodies of the city of New-York, on the occasion of 
this Centennial celebration of the inauguration of 
Washington, the first President, present anew to the 
President of the United States In his official capacity, 
their alleglanoe to the Government, Constitution and 
the laws, with their congratulations upon the comple- 
tloa of a century of a constitutional Government ' and 
the progress made in that century. 

About one hundred signatures were afl^ed to the 
address, among them those of Mayor Grant, Gren- 
eral Butterlield, ex-Judge Noah Davis, Joseph J. 
O'l>onohue, Professor Henry Drlsler, acting presi- 
dent of Columbia College; ex-Judge Hooper C. 
Van Vorst, Ambrose Snow, Jesse Seligman, John 
Schuyler, Charles S. Smith, John J. Tucker, Alex- 
ander S. Webb, John H. Starin, W. K. Garrison, 
Albert G-. Bogart, Charles Hauselt, H. L. Barnebt, 
John F. Plummer, Charles T. Galloway, James A. 
Flack, Trumbull Smith, Bryce Gray, Robert Rutter 
and Henry H. Holly. The ceremony over, the yel- 
low-sashed company disbanded, many taking seaft 
on the reviewing stand. Mayor Grant 
mounted to a place beside the Presi- 
dent and waited to point out some of 
the distinguished Tammany braves, who were out 
in force not more than a mile or two up the line. 


Greneral Butterlield and his staff were the first 
of the actual paraders to go by the stand. All 
wore silk hats and yellow saslies. The Grand 
Marshal came in for a liberal round of applause. 
The educational forces were put to the front in 
the procession, though their place on the pro- 
gzamme was further down. The Columbia College 
students turned out about 300 or 400 strong ap- 
parently. H^ch line gave vent to its enthnsi- 
asm by a wild college cheer as it reached the 
GPtand. The marching was helped by a guide line 
of canes held together by the students. ITie 

College of the City of New- York followed Columbia 
more decorously, nobody cheering, and only heads 
of companies saluting. Then came a pretty file or 
two of small boys from the Hebrew Orphan 
Asylum, with muskets. They kept the best line 
ye^ ana tiie President smiled on them approvingly. 
The Public School battalions, eight in all, easily 
carried off the marching honors of the day. JVlany 
of the companies were made up of boys in knee- 
breeches and small Derby hats, and their remark- 
able steadiness and precision carried them all the 
way down the avenue amid the enthusiastic cheers 
of the spectators. One section of small boys, 
whose band played " I Believe It, For My Mother 
Told Me So," had a little fellow in the ranks in 
Continental dress, who saluted the President with 
as distinguished an air as Lafayette could have 
commanded. Another band aroused vivid and 
rather lugubrious memories of the ball and ban- 
quet by playing the well-known classic, ** We've 
All Been T'here Before, Many a Time, Many a 
Time." llie school bands, in fact, were a great 
resource. One of them catching a glimpse of 
General Sherman, perhaps, in the reviewing box, 
struck up ** Marching Through Greorgia," the first 
time the air had been heard along that part of the 
line dnce the beginning of the Centennial. Ac- 
cording to the programme, about 8,000 school boys 
tuned oat in the procession, and they made their 

section of it one of the most lively and entertaining 
of all. The President was highly amused and 
gratified by their skill and discipline, and said to 
one of the par^ with him that the ilttUe 
bellows marched better as a body than 
many of the soldiery in Tuesday's parade. 
The schoolboys were marked down as the Star 
Di^'ision on the, printed list. They fully justl- 
fied the confidence of the organizers of the display* 


The strains of the '* Marseillaise" —heard also for 

the first time in the parades— now told that a 

French military company was approaching. The 

stirring music— favorite marching tune of the 

Labor Day parades— sent the French-Americans 

by quickly and easily. The Societe Colmarienne, 

a civic organization, followed. Then there was a 

break in the order, and some Knights of Tem- 
perance slipped by. They had on their banners the 
old Boman letters, S. P. Q. B., which the legions 
carried on their standards. The connection be. 
tween the Senate and people of Home and a mod- 
em temperance order was not made plain. But 
the S. P. Q. B. legend was no more enigmatical 
than two or wee of the allegorical floats which 
were to follow. 

ilfter some companies of Sons of Veterans came 
a brilliant Itafian command, in green and blue 
uniforms, with long green plumes dangling from 
their helmets. But the Italians were soon out- 
done in splendor by a body of Highlanders, in 
plaids, tartans and bonnets, their bare calves 
keeping time to **The Campbells are Coming.** 
I'he Highlanders were down to appear later, but 
had slipped in at a convenient L>lace. Behind 
them were the Continental Guards of Yonkers* 
In the familiar blue and white uniform of Bevolu- 
tionary times^ In the ranks was a tottering old 
veteran of the v^ar of 1812, Greneral Abraham 
Dalley, of Yonkers. He was led up to the review- 
Ing-box and stretched up to touch nands with the 
President. With him was Jay Gould Warner, 
an ** adopted" veteran of 1812, who used to raise 
the flag on the morning of Evacuation Day cele. 

So far, the floats that had been assigned to the 
first part of the line had failed to appear. Now 
one pretty one, representing Switzerland, came 
along. It carried the legend, ** Switzerland, the 
Oldest Uvlng Republic; 518 Years of Independ- 
ence." On the float was group of men and women 
In brilliant Swiss costumes, a picture, one could 
fancy, taken almost bodily from a stage-setting in 
" William Tell." Here was a piece of the pageant 
which appealed to iJie sense of the populace, and 
the sturdy Swltzers got many hearlar cheers. 


From grand opera to the delights of ** running 
with the engine" was a ratitier kaleidoscopic transi- 
tion. But the Swiss float had hardly passed along 
under the Twenty-third-st. arch when the gallant 
tire hiddies, in red shirts and broad firemen's hats, 
brought the spectators back from dreams of poetry 
to the sohd earth. The heroes of a hundred parades 
had turned out in their fullest force to swell the 
ranks of the great procession. For a mile or two 

the avenue was one solid strip of red— red shirts^ 
red fire-engines, red hook-and-ladder trucks. 
Everybody had seen the Volunteers before, and 
there were calls from the stands to familiar figiiros 
all down the route. Chief Decker and ex-Chief 
Harry Howard were cheered on every hand. The 
veteran Howard could scarcely hobble along, and 
was plainly suffering from a slight paralysis on one 
side. Two other firemen were easing his steps, 
but he kept his head well up and grasped his silver 
trumpet as firmly as if he were again leading the 
department of the old days to some block of burn- 
ing buildings. 


All had their iit. E>a<'rick'a Day resalia on, and 
there was no lack of oheeiine to the reviewlnjE 
stand. Every Iriehman, too, took oft his hat tr 

J when the broad fire helmets were lifted. 

But no genuine " Vet" ever grows older In spirit. 
Gay, cheery, light-hearted ns ever, they tugged at 
the ropes of tt^lr old-fasliloned hand-engines wlt^ 

js the youngsters in blue ooata In Tuesday's review. 
It Is enough to say that no part of the prooeaslon 
acoutiPd a greater looul and personal Interest thaa 
the division of the veteran flremen. 

After the firemen aame a few French and Italian 
Boeietdrs. Then Mayor Grant got his chance to do 
the President and his party a kind turn. The 
Tammany division was approaching, and throU!;h 
The levlewlng-fitand spread a keea interest as to 
the make-up of this most formidable section of in- 
dustrial New-York. At the head of the column 
rode General John Cochrane and Chamberlain 
&oker. The tribes were drawn up by States, and 
marched In flies of twenties, each brave with the 
smooth, shining silk hat without which no city 
politician of reputation ventures to stir abroad. 


Great trouble soon arose over these glossy 
beavers. Following military precedent, orders bad 
been given that only the heads of companies should 
salute the President, the rest marching by with- 
out a sign. But the crowd on the stands would 
have none of this formality. 

" Take off your hats" was the cry which arose 
from both sides of t&e avenue, as the Tammany 
men showed nu intention of saluting. There was 
an amusing struggle for a while against disoiphne. 
Half the men in a ranii would lift their hats; half 
would go by with heads covered. Finally, the 
ciample of i-alutiag spread, and in the last few 
Uibes nearlv every beaver went off. Tammany 
made a, highly creditable showing, on the whole, 
but there were some who kept wondering when the 
order got by, and may be still wondering, just 
what niche in Uio industrial world the well- 
dressed Tammany Lontingent fitted into. Perhat» 
the Mayor exolaiued this to the President. At 
least; he pointed out the leaders in the various 
Assembly Districts of a delightfully smooth and 
(rictionlesB politioa] machine. 

The Tammany display over, a few Brooklyn 
policemen gave a pretty eshihition of marching. 
They had been spared from the City of Churches 
and seemed to enjoy having the langh on their 
rivals of this city. Behind the police came the 
Plasterers' Society, each man wearing his white 
worlting clothes and cap. Workmen in two 
wagons turned out small plaster casts of TVash- 
ingtion and Lincoln, and tossed them among the 
orowds. Opposite the review! ng-stand a holt was 
made, and a plaster cost of the President was 
struck off. One ot the officers passed it up to 
General Harrison, who smiled, and bowed his 
thanks. This white-coat section mustered several 
hundred men, and maJe a striking figure in the 

ITie main body of the Italian division, which 
had lost its place, new got Into line, and made up 
for the tin.e lost waiting in side streets by going 
down the avenue at a rapid pace. The first com- 
pany, a military one, acted as escort to the Hoat. 
" Columbus Discovering America." the drift of 
whioh vras easily recognizable. The leai jpiard of 
Hie float had a band, which played " Away Down 
<n Dixie Land" — aiiother novdty, and a grateful 


Tho Italians made way tor the Soondi. 
nanans, whos^ flags gave a pretty touch to the 
aoeae. The Irish division now began to get under 
vny, and General Jamea B. O'Belrne soon ap- 
pcand. closely followed by a body of about 3.000 
Mtt^beis ot the Ancient Order of Hibernians. 

German sh.irpshooters and a company of briclc- 
layers. Finally, the Bohemian National Associa- 
tion mirched by. Its bond phur^ the iiatrlotla 
" God Save Our native Landl" 

At 1:10 the German division began to appear In 
some force. Half a dozen Scheutzen companies, in 
blue and gray coats and black felt hats, \rilh s»ld 
cord about tJie rim. marched gayly along to tunCL 
reminding the lookers on that parade music ■dll 
bad its uses. Next came the Turner So<»etieB, in 
gray shhts anil gr>y hata, and then another body 
of marltsmen, iustro-Hun^ritins. carrying the 
black ci-iglcs or theEmperoi Franz joset A Dieak 
in the German line let in the Betal! Grocers at 
this point. They had Cap pa's 7 th 
liegiment band to maroh behind. and 
nmdo ftn e.vcallent figure, ihe Piano Makers fell 
ill next. Ihcy wore wiilte Derbys that suggested 
summer, and their band created some amusement 
by sticking persistently to " Uazzle-ltazzle." 

I'he marching companies had now gotten pretty 
well atartEd down town and room was left for 
the buil^ doats to fnll in line. This they did, and 
" Virginia," " Mt Vernon," and several of the 
German pieces were sent by. .Massing the his- 
torical and mythical tnnleaus together really en- 
hiinced the effeot of the display, and for half an 
hour the crowd in the avenue was tr^ted to a 
rapid succession of pictures, full of color, varietiy 
and picture squeness. The ditferent groups are 
described in detail in another column, 'i'h^ were 
the most elaborate and costly feature of the pa- 
rade, and one tliat will long he lonembered tor 
brilhancy, ingenuity and historical aocaiaoy. 


In the last half the great parade wan somewhaG 
more long drawn out than it vras in the opening 
hours. There was less of it to the running foot. 
The heavy floats which had missed their proper 
places In the line were massed toward the end, and 
the marching companies were mainly of a religions 
or athletic order, that did nut aiford them special 
training in marching. The German societies w^re 
well and strongly represented. Great flaxen-haired 
men and lound-armed women, dressed in historical 
costumes and perched on historical and allegorical 
floats, passed by, sandwiched in among others that 
bore the machinery and products ot the different 
arts. The hares and lyres of the Wagner floats 
were silent, and the huge casks and puncheons of 
the brewers and wine mcrchante were visibly 
empty, but the cllnlt. clink of the hammer on the 
anvil of the iron-workers' float had the genuine 
ring, and the sparks that flew under the recular 
blows of the hammer were real sparks. 

The bakers were loaded down with pretzels and 
loaves of bread and huge rolls, and their i»le, 
flour-sprinkled faces were getting the full beneflt 
of the altemaline sun and vdnd. The florist floata 
bombarded the President with flowers, and the 
basket-makers tossed little pieces of wickerworic 
into the reviewlnK stand. One goddess sent Gen- 
eral Harrison her special and particular wreath, 
snd got a low bow in consider:ition thereof. 
Uend^BSohn and Beethoven had tiieir admlrera and 
followers as well as Wagner, and there was a 
sufficiency of flaxen-haired, fair-skinned womoi to 
around among these well-.desfgued mnsjcal 

go aroi 


Santa Olaus nerohed on the top of a conveiiiently 
large chimney, and a Christmas tree that was to 
profit by his visitation, caught the eye of the little 
folks, and the whirring, buzzing, self-bindlnc, har- 
vester. In full play on top of a big truck, pleased 
the agricultural commnnlty. The American hos, 
nickel-plated and grossly fat, grinned on the puhllo 
from the four comers of the pork-packers' floatt 
undeterred by the sight ot the stringr -' — 



Into which he was to be transmifirrated some day. 
The butcher boys» both mounted and marching, 
made a fine appearance, and all the trades made a 
most oredltable display as they passed under the 
President's eye. 

The religious societies brought up the rear with 
well-filled ranks, and the great procession that had 
been pouring down the avenue with rattling hoof, 
steady tread and rumbling wheel throughout the 
heart of the day, the greatest May-moving this city 
ever saw. was over, so far as the people on the 
revlewlng-stand were concerned. 

The people standing at CSanal-st. and Broadway, 
where the ^rade disbanded, caught sight of the 
aides who led the procession shortly before 11 
o'clock. General Butterfield and his staff lined 
across Broadway here and reviewed the spectacle. 
As tiie guides, who carried red, white and blue 
silk flags, reached this point, they, too, fell in 
line, and remained until the end. The disband- 
ing of the Immense body was accomplished with 
the greatest success, half the organizations being 
turned to the rights the others to the left. The 
float representing the man-of-war was wrecked 
in Canal-st. just east of Broadway by the break- 
ing of an axle. It was pulled to one side and 
deserted, and the small boys of the neighborhood 
soon had it dismantled. The place chosen for 
the ending was a good one, on account of the 
rise in Broadway below Canal-st. This gave a 
fine view of the marching columns to people 
in the street as far down as Worth-st. At 4 :15 
the last of the line reached Canal-st., and the 
great Civic Parade was at an end. 





The crowds upon the Madison Square stand were 
not as dense yesterday as on Tuesday. Their Interest 
in the procession, however, was as great as ever. 
The President's box was well filled. Throughout the 
parade Mayor Grant sat beside President Harrison, 
and gave him occasional explanations of the various 
features of the parade. When the veteran fireman. 
"Harry" Howard, limped by at the head of one of 
the divisions of fire laddies, the Mayor dropped an 
explanatory word In the ear of General Harrison, and 
the latter took off his hat with a deferential sweep and 
bowed low to the* crippled veteran, who was being 
loudly oheered along the line. The crowd was greatly 
pleased when old Abraham Dalley, bent with the 
weight of his ninety-four years, the honors of a 
veteran of the War of 1812 and a large cocked hat. 
was led down beside the Society of the Veterans and 
invited by the President to come up into his box. 
They watched the ancient soldier as he was helped 
up the stairs to a place In the Presidential party and 
Introduced to the members of the Cabinet and Gen- 
eral Sherman. They saw him sit out the proceedings 
of the day amid this notable company with evident 

The people on the sunny portions of the stand 
Improvised sunbonnets out of newspapers, programmes, 
etc., and wore them in a way that gave them the 
aspect of a colony of Shakers. The east-side stand 
filled up by 11 o'clock to its full capacity, and pre- 
Mttited its familiar appearance of a solid bank of faces 
and varied headgear. The west-side stand was not 
BO well patronized, tickets went down to 50 per cent 
below par and yet further, and still the occupants 
had room sufflcleint in which to move around and 

stretch themselves. The crov^d en both sides was an cm- 
inently jolly one. Jokes and sandwiches and occasional 
corks flew In all directions. The comments on the 
different features of the procession were both witty 
and admiring. They chaffed the different organisa- 
tions, yelled ^ Take off your hats I'' to bewildered pa^ 
raders and waved handkerchiefs at familiar faces in 
the lines. Luncheon baskets and umbrellas were 
about equally numerous, but the latter were driven 
to the back row by a demonstrative pubiio sentiment, 
while the luncheon baskets were omnipresent 

Nearly as much time and attention were devoted 
to the President as to the procession. All his move- 
ments and gestares were carefully noted and com- 
mented on. On the whole, General Harrison took 
It quietly. He smiled broadly when a helpless cap- 
tain of one of the civic companies wrestled vainly 
with his balky horse right before the stand. His 
captainship was evidently none too sure of his seat 
under favorable circumstances. In recognition ol 
this fact a collection ef mirthful spectators in the 
front rows of the west stand set-up a shout that so 
astonished the animal that he stopped stock still, and 
then turned around several times with an inquiring 
air of Injured dignity. His rider coaxed, thto Presi- 
dent smfiled encouragingly and the crowd laughed de- 
risively. At length the horse decided that his per- 
formances were not being appreciated, so he stepped 
off at a good pace, his rider bowing triumphantly to 
the President and congratulating himself upon hfts 

Another chieftain who excited the merriment of 
the crowd rode slowly down the line, carefully study- 
ing the west stand for a President and reviewing 
party, but aU in vain. Be looked up at the Fifth 
Avenue Hotel balcony and up and down the paste- 
board arch thai spanned the way, still unable to 
locate the Chief Magistrate, whom he was brimming 
over with a desire to salute. The crowd laughQd 
heartlessly, and the President from his place on the 
east-side stand gazed reflectively after this misguided 
captain, and thlen sat down to await a better posted 
and more wide-awake oflQcer. 

If the volume of cheers that went up when General 

Harrison gracefully declined a glass of wine, offered 

blm by a mounted aid In the escort of the German 

wine merchants' float, may be regarded as voicing a 

total abstinence sentiment, the number of total ab- 
stainers in that congregation was large. The President's 
interest in the procession remained untiring until tiie 
end, or if It flagged, there was no Indication of weariness. 
He looked at every float and every company with the 
carefulness uf one searching for an old friend, and 
there was a tinge of meditation in his glance, as 
though he were reflecting on the vastness of a city 
and nation that could produce such an exhibition, and 
were stowing away his Impressions for future reference. 


After the President had been whisked away in one 

direction In his four-horse carriage, and the Mayor had 

disappeared in the other, soon after 3 o'clock, the 

spectators were a little puzzled as to what was coming 

next A few advertising floats came rumbling along, 

separated by intervals of blank nothingness, when the 

appearance of a platoon of mounted police convinced 
the multitude that the show was really over. A 
moment sufBced to render the avenue black with 
people. The worklngmen began to take down the 
flags on the reviewing stand. A llttie newsboy rushed 
Into the stand and planted himself in the chair 
formerly filled by the Chief Executive of the Nation. 
A workman tore off a strip from a piece of bunting 
and handed It to a friend in the crowd below, liiii 
was the signal for a general raid upon the stand by 
all in that neighborhood. Bunting, nags, canvas and 
decorations of every kind, were torn to bits and oarcl«il 


OS by lellc-hunters, uid when the departing 
lett IbB lUndi to tlie o»rpente» and rapid dl 
rntnt, tfaare iru nothing iwRable or leanb 

The ■tanda In Union Square irere not nekrlj ■« 
noTded M OD Tueada; and ths people who occupied 
them were not obilpid to ilt Id eaoh otber'i li^s. 
Tke &«• itaDAt hcif ■■ maoy people a* the; could 
conitDitalilT Beat, but (hoM to whloh an admbakui 
fe« WM Charged were eosnitcuouEl; bare In spots. 
RumeiDua Inoldeirts altematelr amuaed and tri^teiied 
tbt congregatloD near TUI«nj'B aiiil Bieotaiio'B. A 
temporal; fence in front ol the new building at 
Cnlvenltr Place and Foutteenth-ac broke down, 
oarrylDg a hundred men and wom«a with II, tombUnr 
them upon one another In the atfest. 

While alandlng on the fence man; of theae people 
iMd tupported themMlvee by hoUing to a wire lopa 
Out extended frmn a faatemng in the ground to the 
Aa the? fell l£eir con^tlued 

In dtht. The minute the last float had passed the 
crowd SJled In the avenue behind it; but when the 

Calh In front of the reBervolr Hand became thus 
lack with people, the loiiowing crowd met with an 
unexpected experience. 

Tie occupants of the stand had been sitting on 
onshlona which enuiprislng merohanta had sold to 
them, but now they had no further use for tbMn, 
and so, b; common tmpnlse, without a thought of 
the consequoncea, they hurled the or-*-' — ■' 

top Of a telegnph pola. 
weight carried the rope i 
ererybodjr turned looae excepUn 

held fMt with both hands. Dp i ,_ 

■ - - — g the lat man with IL 

pUng one tat 

'In King tike 

1 did down and 

the tame as on the day of the mllltair parade. There 
■eemed to be more people, however, and the cavwds 
were allowed to occupy the street far beyond the cnrb- 
Ilne. A novelty presented irsBK In the use of dry- 
good* boxea and barrels by the rear ranks of spec- 
tators, for the purpose of elevating thenselvM above 
Hielr less fortunate eoUengncs. Hie stieete cioffilnE 
tbe Bqnare on the Waverley Place side were absolutely 
barricaded with Uieae Improvised stands, which flllsd In 
every little crevice between the Innumerable trucks. 
The oiowds atMut the tangle were paok«d In a manner 
making It Impoeslble for any one to pierce the barrier. 
The stand llaeU wia crowded to Its utmost capacity, 
and the park beblnd It contained thousands of people 
who had been unable to gain even a ohanoe to seonre 
a seat. The occapanta of the upper tier of the Itand 
found It Impossible to leave their seats Id the middle 
of tlie day, and many of them who had negleated to 
provide themselves with luncheon weni supplied b; 
faUn, who threw life-saving lopea to the lunlsMng 
and attached baskets of EOle-teather sandwiches and 
cans ot milk from the chalk cUtls of England. 

Fedlers o( all klnda, such an Qourlsih In midsummer 
at Coney Island, were In clover BBiong the " overflow.' 
for tbe guardlsns of the public peace were as unalile to 
gee out through the mass of epeclaloni as tJie un- 
fortunatie outsiders were unable to get inside the lines. 
BatMls Mid boxes, most of them dilapidated etruot- 
ine*, which ofleted every variety of danger and none 
of comfort, commanded 2fi cents apiece, and were 
eaoerly bought. The 10.000 seated speclatora, and the 
XO^OOO more wlio ttood In the Immediate jt-'-"-' — 

.__ ..._ i^ing cnshiona, and 

then the eonsequeDcee were UNle apparent Battered 
allk hats and ruined aprlng bonnete, tegetbar with the 
agODtied expression of the luckless wearers, brought 
a sudden remorse to the thonghUess throw«rs, while 
the Hmall boys gUhered up the cushion* and scmapered 


The crowds along tho line of the parade yesterday 
were perhaps even greater than those of the day before. 
As early as 6 o'clock, families and little parties left 
their homes to secure seats on the stoops of tbe Fifth, 
ave. houses that were free to the pabllo, and by an 
hour later the only way to get a seat wa) to pay from 
two to five dollars for It The owners of wagons fitted 
ap with tiers of aeats. arose with the sun. Id their 
anxiety te got good poeltlons In the streets Just olt 
the line of march, some even string all night to keep 
their places. These wagons, the big ttands In Madison. 
Onion and Washington Bquares, and the thousand and 
one smaller ones along the route of the procession 
began to fill np before 8 o'clock. The windows along 
Flfth-ave. and Broadway were In most cases not oc- 
cupied until the music announced the coming of the 

Although the show of yesterday was announced to 
begin so much sooner than that of the day before 
people did not seek their seats any earlier. They 
had had an experience on Tuesday that tauj^t them 
the dboomforts ot standing, or even sitting, from eariy 
morning until e o'clock in the afternoon without aoy^ 
thing to eat but a sandwich, Or anything to drink 
but ciious lemonade. Besldex, the clvlo pageant 
WSB long and majotaad slowly, and many were satis- 

Beil with an hour' ' ' " ""— ' — ■■ — " 

wss not nearly s. „_ 
on the previous day, i 
their houses t — '-- 

Uberallty ol 4>plsiise the d 

, , They oonflned 

B to the waving ot handfeerohtefs as a 

" «Rlatlon, but Indulged to s 

jf hurting volleys of fruit and 

sandwiches at the marching hosts. 

When the sun cUmbed over the tops of the houses 
and looked down Into Flfth-ave. It saw the grand 
Itand at the reservoir covered with a la'jghlng, 
shouting, pushing and scrambling multitude, each 
person Intent on getting the best seats, and. con- 
sequently each person getting Into somebody else's 
WW. It was a surprisingly good-humored crowd, 
however, and the people seemed to feel a common 
bond of sympathy, for, to a large extent, the same 
BBOple occupied me stand yesterday who bad vlened 
Oe mlUIary parade ot the day before from that 
point. Fully as many people crowded the stand as 

For almost six hours the people sat and watched 
ai» »F»p-eJiaDglng panorama, ever brMang Into new 

line ot p< 
of sight-seers going up ai th _ ._ . 

lavement and all the streets were well filled with 

' ',' ■ _ ■ _ . * dowln In search ol a 

good place tr "- " '" 

1 the police cleared 


ol aetlgbt ( 

1 new wonder c 

„. __ , ._ __ the parade. Wagons filled Wl8i 

stools and boxes that were sold to those who did not 

pay big prices for seats on the stands, asd 
- -^ntarnlne Etraogen who wished to see the 
uscurauuuH and the erowd*. naased ttaronsh BVth- 
ave. until about B o'clock, when th 
the Btieeta. 

Many ot the soldiers and visitors left the dty on 
Tuesday night, but their plaoes were at once taken 
by Incoming crowds, inie Pennsylvania, Jet«ey 
Central. New-York and New-Haven, and In fact all tbe 
roads running Into the oily brought enormous crowds 
ot psssengers yesterday morning. The tralna from 
all Che siiburban towni were delayed more or less 
by the ]sm. There were people ot all kinds. BuM- 
ness men living nut of town brought their famtllea 
and friends to see the sights, and country coustm 
simply swarmed to visit tbelr city relatives, Tounc 
men and their sweethearts on exounlona to Kew-Tork 
actually forgot to make love, so Kreat was the enuh. 
The Bridge and all incoming terrfet ponred In people 
by the thousands and nelgb^ortng roads were alive 
with the wagons nt eounhr folks driving to town to 
view the spectacle. Ae a result, the atreeta In aT 
rorts of the city w°re filled all dav. Even away from 

carriages o 

the multitudes t 

I the route of fl 



It was evident, both Irom the lumibers and from the 
character of those on the streets, that something un- 
oguaL was going on. The word rustic waa written 
on the garments and features of many, and the way 
that they craned their necks looking at the tops of 
the high buildings and the suddenness with which 
they slapped their hands to inside pockets when Uiey 
•aw a ^Beware of Pickpockets" sign gave further 
proot if «ny was needed, that tlie backwoods districts 
wera well represented. 

The cars, both elevated and surfaccj did an enor- 
mous business carrying people to and from the 
Sarade, and at all hours of the day they were crowded 
> the platforms. 
In the neighborhood of the Fifty-ninth-st. Placa 
all was confusion from an early hour until the last 
of i&e paraders had passed down Fifth-ave. As early 
ae 7 o^lock the people began to arrive from all di- 
rections and soon afterward the organizations that 
had been assigned places In the line began to appear. 
Great Interest centred arOund the veteran firemen's 
organisations and tihelr brightly burnished apparatus 
at&aoted general attention. But it waa 
In the German contingent and their 
gayly bedecked floats that the crowds 
of people found most to interest them. Aids astride 
swift norses dashed here, there and everywhere 
along Flfth-ave. and In the si'Je streets where the 
organtzatlons were drawn up awaiting the order 
to take the^ place in line. Large as the crowd waa, 
It was composed of good-natured people who pa- 
tiently waited for the procession to move. The 
policemen found no dlflSoulty in keeping the people 
within the prescribed limits. 






Hie German contingent formed in and around Fifth- 
ave. between Fifty-seventh and Sizty-seTenth sts. The 
marahalling of the division was admirable and reflected 
creat credit on General Emll Schaefer, the marshal, and 
Colonel A. E. Seifert, the deputy marshal, and their 
efficient aides. The organizations were unusually 
prompt in getting to their meeting place, and in the 
majority of cases fell into line as they had been 
originally assigned. This was true of the floats, and 
the spectators were enabled to follow the programme 
easily and enjoy the significance of the great pictures 
on wheels. 

The contingenit made a magnificent showing, and 
Judging by the applause and exclamations of admira- 
tion heard along the line, one might consider It to be 
the backbone of the procession. The floats were the 
meat attractive feature of the parade, and were prob- 
ably the most complete and picturesque representations 
In this line that the city has ever seen. Familiar 
designs were admirably executed and novel Ideas were 
strikingly carried out. Pretty girls and handsome 
men graced the floats, and their q[uaint and beautiful 
costuming won admiration everywhere. 

The number of men in line in this division yesterday 
was estimated from 15,000 to 20,000. The division 
was sub-divided into three sections, which compre- 
hended about sixty different organizations and sixty 
lioata, many of which carried a large number of people. 
The different organizations included the German- 
American sharpshooters, singing societies, athletic so- 
detlee, war veteran associations, bakers' and butchers' 
milons, religious societies and associations of other 
kinds. The different bodies were i^propriately uni- 
formed, some handsomely and picturesquely, and added 
a quaint feature to the floats by marching near them. 
Cnlrassleis, hussars and the soldier in the regulation 

German uniform were seen everywhere and gave the 
scene the strongest possible Gennan tinge. The eoll« 
tingent was wafted along on music, for it had as many 
bands as it was possible without making a general 
musical chaos. 


GenM?al Emll Schaefer, the grand Barhal, rode 

at the head of the German-American Division. He 

was accompanied by Colonel A. E. Seiferli, the deputy. 

marshal and chief of staff, and the following aides: 

John Chattllon, John Gerken, Joseph Halk, Colonel 

Otto Heppenhelmer, Edward S. Hubbe. George Kinkel, 

jr., William H. Klenke, Louis Maurer, Carl Mete, RJ 

Pasch, Captain H. S. Basquln, Captain William F. 

Rausch, Charles Bohe, jr., Julius Bohe, B. J. SchaefCr, 

Henry W. Schmidt, C. A. Schultz, jr.. Colonel Andrew 

Stauf, C. C. Weber, John W. Weber. Charles C. 
Clausen, Jacob Buppert and Robert Fleming. The 
Hoboken and Brooklyn riding clubs, with a band 
of flfty pieces, acted as general escort The lung 
line of societies and floats which followed, stretohtnc 
up Fifth-ave. as far as the eye could reach, was 
headed by the Getrman-American Sharpshooters, the 
first of which was the Concordia Schuetzen, which 
turned out 350 strong. They were followed by the 
German-American Schuetxen Corps, with 1,300 mem- 
bers, one of the largest bodies In the procession. The 
Harlem Independent Schuetzen, consisting of 100 
me!n ; the Germania Schuetzenbund, with 700 men, In 
command of Jacob Schwelder; the Brooklyn Inde- 
pendent' Schuetzen Corps, with 70 men ; the Brooklyn 
Schuetzen dub. with 70 men; the Brooklyn Sharp- 
shooters, with 60 men; the Gelrman- American 
Schuetzenbund, with 500 men, under Charles ZimmeP' 
man, and the First Hungarian Schuetzenbund, 200 
men, commanded by Major Philippe Freund. followed 
In the order named. 

The next sub-division was made up of the 6lnp:infl; 
societies, preceded by a band of twenty pieces, with 
the marshal and his aides. They marched as follows : 
The Schillerbund, 250 men . Gesangverein Oesterreich, 
50 members, in charge of President W. Wannermeyer; 
Gesangverein Cordalla, commanded by J. Hlrden, 76 
members ; Gesangverein Germania, 50 membera, under 
W. Petersen; Gesangverein Mozart, 250 membei'S. 
under C. F. Schultz, and Gesangverein Orlando, 40 
men. commanded by Christian Belsler. 

The next sub-division wtas the New-York Tum-Bezfrk 
or athletic association, commanded by H. Metzner. The 
men marched In the following order : New- York Tum- 
Verein, C. F. Zenker, first speaker ; Central Tum-Vereln, 
Charles J. Nehrbas, first speaker ; Harlem Tum-Verein, 
Conrad Langensteln, first speaker: New- York Turn- 
Verein, Bloomingdale, P. M. Schleohter, first speaker; 
Melrose Turn- Verein, Otto Ebel, delegate; German- 
American Tum-Vereln, N. Y. H. Schulte, delegate ; So- 
cial-Democratisoher-Tum- Verein, William Hickstein. 

delegate ; Brooklyn Tum-Vereln, C. A. Lang, delegate ; 
New-Brooklyn Tum-Gemelnde, H. Supper, delegate; 
Staten Island Tum-Vereln, G. Stegmeler, delegate; 
Carlstadt Tum-Verein, Peter Albertine, delegate; 
Yonkers Turn-Veirein, C. Egloffstein, delegate. 

The third sub-division was composed of singing 
societies as follows : New- York Maennerchor, 200 men, 
under L. Deutschberger ; Harlem Maennerchor. 40 men, 
under Max E. TIesler ; Schwaeblsoher-Saenger-Bund, 60 
men, C. Wemer commanding; Allemania Maenner^ 
oihor, 25 men, under Louis Kllnksink ; Loreley Singing 
Society, 50 men, under William Maj'er. 

The fourth sub-division consisted of the German War 
Veterans, with an escort of twenty-four mounted mem- 
bers, the thousand men In line being commanded by 
Ernest Klrstein. 

The fifth sub-dl vision was the Betail Grocers* Union 
with an escort of fifty mounted men. There were 
1. 000 members of the union In line under H. Gold- 

The sixth sub-division, the Planomakeis, escorted! 
by twelve mounted men, made a body of over 1,000 


The floats constituted the second division. " Immi- 
grants One Hundred Years Ago" was the title of the 
first fioat. This represented the model of a Dutch ship 
fully equipped and ready to sail. A group of Imml- 



Smntfl stood on a pier waiting to go on boai*d. Their 
Btorical costumes attracted much attention. 

Floats Nos. 2 and 3 represented ** Farmer Pioneers," 
Immigrants with their trunks, bales and bundles, 
farming tools, shotguns, bags of grain and seed, and 
everything portable that could be taken from the 
old home. Live cattle and the faithful watch-dog 
were also placed on the float. The prairie-schooner 
followed this, containing the *^ women folks" and 

The *< Quakers," float No. 4, represented a block 
house, the weathercock on one gable end and the dove- 
cote on the other. The mother of the family sat at 
the porch teaching her pretty girls how to spin. The 
stocks, too, flgured in this scene, illustrating how the 
Quakers had been persecuted in the old country. 
Governor Jacob Elsler admonishing and exhorting a 
group of his countrymen was the central flgure. 

Float No. 5 exhibited a model of a house on Washing- 
ton Heights, where Washington made his headquarters. 
The shrubbery and trees on the float were taken from 
the neighborhood of the house. Riding horses of aides 
held by sentinels animated the scene. 

The carriage used by Washington 100 years ago 
came next, it is a large, white conveyagiset and in 
it were seen wax figures of George and Martha Wash- 
iDgton. The coach was driven by a coachman in 
Continental dress and escorted by 200 Continentals, 
who made a good showing. 

On float No. 7 were seen Generals Steuben and De. 
Ealb engaged in council of war. Sentinels kept 

Siai-d before tJie door of the tent. Herkimer and 
uhlenberg formed a separate group. 
The Goddess of Llbeity was the central flgure in 
float No 8, representing ''The Emigrants of 1848." 
She was mounted on a pedestal surrounded by al- 
legorical flgures representing "Free ^eech," *^Free 
Press," and " Free Religious Eicercises." Following 
this was a float carrying a colossal bust of Lincoln, 
draped with the battle flags of the German regiments 
of the Civil War. The float was escorted oy the 
veterans of the 3d Cavalry Regiment, Bavarian 
Sohuetzen Company, Brooklyn, and the German 
Landwehr-V erein . 

Float No. 10 was called "Immigrants of the 
Present Time," and represented the bridge of an 
ocean steamer, the captain and crew superintending 
the landing of immigrants, also picturing Custom 
House officials, etc., on the wharf. 


The next two floats, ** The Press and Public Opinion," 
illustrated the press and methods of printing one- 
hundred years ago and also of to-day. An old 
Washington hand-press was running on one float; 
an editorial sanctum and compositors' room were 
represented on the other. A modem press was run by 
electricity, and threw out programmes of the German 

contingent. " Minerva," " Puck," and ** Public Opinion" 
were represented. The float was dedicated to some 
of th^ New- York papers by its projector, Hermann 

** Arion, the Patron Saint of Singing Societies." float 
No. 13, was a happy representation of Arion's tri- 
umphal ride upon the dolpnin's back. Arion was sur- 
rounded by Tritons and escorted by the muses of 
Song, Music, Dance, Poetry and Fiction. Cumus, the 
god of fun, was there, and the chariot was flttea out 
with great taste. A cohort of Greek soldiers on horse- 
back, and standard bearers, preceded the members of 
the Arion Society ,Rlchard Katzenmayer president. 

" Melpomene," float No. 14, showed Emperor Fred- 
erick 1, Mary Stuait, Nathan and Sultan Saladln, 
Fiesco and Hassan, Faust and Count' Maximilian, in 
various scenes. Crusaders, pilgrims, knights and 
squires escorted the float. 

"Allemania," float No. 16, the patroness of one 
of the oldest local singing societies, was the central 
flgure in this float A rural rehearsal showing a 
newly married couple serenaded by the village came 
next, and was followed by a picture of a '^Suavian 
Harvest Home." which revealed four charming girls 
representing the seasons. The Ereutzer Quartet 
Club escorted a float carrying a bust of Conradln 
Kreutzer, and then came the *' Scheutzenkoenlg," a 
float which described the history of sharp-shooters' 
associations, their tendencies and social relations. This 
was designed and escorted by the New- York Scheutzen- 
bund No. 1. 

** Bacchus" was on float No. 20 and reclined under a 
grape arbor draped with wreaths, garlands, bunting 
and appropriate emblems, attended by a Bacchante, a 

pretty young woman. In the rear, grouped around a 
large statue, were three female flgures in national 
colors representing French, German and Hungarian 
wines. The crowd looked long after these eomely 
young women. 

" Inrlnce Carnival," on float No. 21, sat on a throne 
of a champagne bottle. The Prince, a handsome 
young man, presided over a dancing floor bounded by 
festival emblems and decorated with flags, comiciU 
faces, musical instruments and lamps. A orowd of 
clowns and jesters on the float made fun for the 

Some pretty little girls were seen on the ^ Kinder- 
garten" float. No. 22, grouped before a representation 
of a monument to Froebel, erected in Thuringla. The 
girls basted and braided. The monument wae con- 
structed of a cube, cylinder and a ball. 

'^ Christmas" came along, out of season, bat wel- 
come, on float No. 23. The scene showed a farm house 
covered with snow. Santa Claus was seen Just 
emerging from the chimney, while in the house were 
the children and parents having a good time wlUi the 
presents. " Fairy Tales," a pretty fancy, came next, 
and the crowd admired the pretty girls who took part 
in it. 

A tableau on float No. 25 illustrated the influence 
of the principles and tendencies of the Turner so- 
cieties. It showed the monument of ** Father" Jahn, 
the founder of the Turner schools and clubs, as it is 
erected at Berlin. ** Minerva," representing "armed 
science." and the ^ Goddess of Victory," indicating the 
triumpn of the Turners' principles, were seen. A 
school scene showed how the principles are fostered. 
Veterans of the Turner Regiment, New-York 20th 
Regiment, reminded the spectators of the part the 
Turners played in the Civil War. The athletic power 
of former ages was illustrated by four flgures, a 
Teutonic giant, a Greek warrior, a Roman gladla-or and 
a knight in full uniform. The float was escorted by a 
detachment of Turners in blue blouses, the veterans 
of the Turner Regiment and the Turner Cadets. 


**The Conquerors of the Roman Legion," float No. 

26, exhibited a representation of the Armlnius monu- 
ment in the Teutoburg forest. Old Teutons, gigantlo 
frames clad in hides, gathering spoils of their victory 
over* the Romans, were observed. The group was ef- 
Qorted by flfty men in old German costume, twenty of 
whom were mounted. 

Low German poetry was represented by float No. 

27, whlcjh carried the bust of Fritz Renter, the most 
popular writer In the Low German dialect. Popular 
characters of his po<»ns wero ivpresentea, and the 
float was escorted by twenty peasants and overseen. 

Civil engineering was exemplifled by Vulcan work- 
ing on a gigantlo anvil, the representation of Aiohi- 
tecjture In the shape nt a female figure holding a model, 
tkpiparatus, and an allegorlOi figure standing for 
Chemistry. On the next float came a flgure of 
Alexander Von Humboldt, surrounded by his books, 
while the background showed the Andes and Niagara 
Falls. An allegoric figure of Science ocoupled the 
front of the float, surrounded by Indians. 

The chariot of the German Liederkranz was a 
realization of the society's name, *' Wreath of Songs." 
The chariot showed a castle, at the ascent of which 
students were singing. Below in a boat on the 
Rhine a minstrel was playing upon his lyre. Above 
a plofturesque rock was the weird maiden "Lorelei" 
charmingly set off by an Immense wreatii 
of roses intei-woven with ribbons bear- 
ing the titles and names of the most 
popular songs and composers. The chariot was es- 
corted by the members of the society unlfbrmly dressed 
with red, white and blue sashes and gray felt hats, 
and carrying canes. Thirty mounted men, two 
standard and three color bearers, a color guard of 
thirty men and a band of forty pieces preceded the 


Sacred music was prettily typifled by a young 
woman representing Saint Cecilia, sitting under a 
canopy decprated with lyres, with flgures of priests 
and acolytes on the scene. 

A pretty girl personated "Flora" in the floftfc rep- 
resenting Horticulture. Fresoo-Palnting, Smlth-Craft 
and the Gilders' Trade were good shows. 

One of the best features of the parade was the 
tableaus demonstrating the development of the manu- 
facture of pianos. The float was dedicated by some 
thirty manufacturers of this city. 


Float Ko. 33 iras " SympLoalo Music." Around 
k oolumn bcttHns lieethovan's bust were gcoupea 
UlegoiiDal figurea represeDtlne tbe Dperae, sym- 
phonlM, BODHtas ana Otber irarBa of the notei] coni- 
po»er. IlojB witL Inetruments wore In anendanoo 
uiil pages la oM German coEtumee l«il Uio horses. 
A gaari ot twenC; men In the garb at Oermaii 
flantB koled as escort. 

The DoalB ol the " Brewlns Industry" 
traoted much attention. They were 
In number, exhibiting tlie growing 
hops and bflrler, the prpparatlon of malt. 
Old apd new method ot brewfng beer mid the char 
01 King Oambrlnus. In IroHt o[ n cask ot Immense 
aimonslons was erected the ihrone ol His Majesty. The 
«roWD on the cask Inditaied his royal ranS, and urmva 
01 eourlora and pages dtd htm boDor. Go 
bllvec drlnlilng veSiSlE formed tbe balustrade 
Staircase whicb led to his Ihrone. 

This was followed by "The BBbery." a series of 
three floats, the first o( which was a bakery In full 
operation. Tbe second of the lerlos rep resented 
a Blorage room with flour barrels «.ud oilier ma- 
terials, while the third la'roduced tho shop, where 
B-etly maidens leaf led behind tho well- stocked 

A pedestal bnllt ol! rocfea and crystal supporting 
the allegorta Ig'ire of a spring, aiiuvs which was a 
highly omamentei «ijhon, from which eparlUlng 

r feU li 

e shell belOT. ' 

t No. 

Ptoat No. 4S waa entitled "Bleam EnglnMMBB,* 
Ulll exhibited a ten-horse-power locomotive arotmd 
wltlDl] meobaulcs and flremeu were at work. 

"Bhlne Wine" was float No. 46, the next Id the Une 
of proceBEloD. On a high mounatln sat "Father 
RblDe,' irlth his favorite dangbtor." Moselle.' near blm. 
In ploturenque groups farther below, were " Heokar" 
and "Air," In tlifl valley, a vineyard with wine 
■toeta and grape arbors where the harvest was In 
pnigireM vu to be geen. Farther on was a cellar 
under the roek where the prooees of Oiling and tapping 

. Id full progress. 

It was admfrably represented] hot. 

.. -L . — ., .. .._ j^Qgj popular 

I broad aublect for 

pifnelpal efaaract^n^ 

opens by Xoiarl. Weber and Beethoven were grbuoed 

OD tba Obarlot. pon Juan. Donna Anna. Elvtra, Le- 

;, Kaek Tel 

tte advanoe In uiat hue of Industry. Tho scythe and 
di^le of Uie old-time faimer were exhibited alongside 
of the reaper and mower of to-day. 

An IntercsUiiR float wai Xo. 57, " The Shoe Trade.' 
A representation of the shop ot Hans Sachs, the shoe- 
maker-poet ot Nuiemberg, with the little window and 
uld-Ia-hioned shoes was the ■ - ■ 

of the p 

d divl. 

ponUo, Agathe, Max, Ssmuel. Leonora and Poc 
leftted below a represenlatlou ot Dame Music. 

One Ol tbe flneet Soats In the procession, and oj 
which the people of New-York wore greatly intern 
was OiM of tbe "Tagner Opera.' A rock, on the top 
ot wUoh glittered &e Khlnegold (cuanled by three 
BhJne nymphs, as In the flrst act of " Hhelngold,' rose 
from tJie centre. The bust of the famous maestro 
towered above the rock. To the right weo-e Wotan and 
Brunhflde, and to the left. Hans Sachs and Eric In 
beautiful represent atlons. !□ the front stood Tenus 
sod Tannhauser. and at the back In a cave. Fafner, 
the dragon, nesj" nihom Siegfried was forRlng his 
sword, "Notliung." lAhengrln and Blsa completed the 


ITo. B9 was the " Art ot Cooking.* ehowlng the 
ouUnary advance In America sluoe lia diEO<ivery. 
In the front part ot the wagon waa a group of In- 
dians gathered about an old kettle, wblle the rest ot 
the wagon was taken up witb a modem. kitchen, with 
all Its Improvementa and appliances. The contrast 
was striking. 

The neSt float, " The Butcher Trade." escorted by 
over KOO men, carried a largo hull and heller, with 
blocks by whicb butchers In red shirts and white 
UTons stood leady to carve beet according to order. 
Flowers were strewn about In profusion. 

The float, " I'TOvlElona," which followed was de- 
TlMd as a vindication ot tlie American bog, liearing 
Oie Inscription: "It shall go to Germany T^t.' The 
principal flgnre, a silver pig, was surrounded by a 
»winn »t butchers In Ih^ historic costume of tlie old 
— . _.... ^ ^.^ 'ttcket. white and red-stilped 

. ... _-, and weil'made shoes of tCe present day 

The Interesting float o( the "Furniture Trade,' with 
the complete store containing furalhire ot every de- 
scription, was foUowel by thaf at the " fiasket-Malisrs.' 
It GOTiBlsled of a. temple on columns, woven of twigs 
and crowned by an eagle. A basket hung from iba 
temple, around which were lanoUul " kotba" of ftU 


bla and Gcrmania." From her lofty seat, Eurmonnted 
by the Washington Monument, arose Columbia to !•■ 
celve with outstretched hands Oermanla, Germanla 
was foUowod by represenlatloDs ot the various tribes 
uf the uermau Nation In their characterlstio tuid 
pictuiesque costumes, embracing those from the Ba- 
varian Ali>e and Tyrcl to the Isle ot Buegen. from the 
Oder to (he Khiuo. 


The Third Division, wtth the Chief Marshal and 
his aides, was escorted by (he Nineteenth Ward Cavalry 
under the command ot Captain Peter Busch. They 
marched in the following otaer:, £ub-d IV J slon— Mew-York SharpshoolorB with 
13 jjit^uDlcil Jueo and 200 men In line under A. Becker. 

Second aub-dlrlslon : Plattdeutscher Volksfest Varelu 
oonsUtlng of QB societies. In command of Chief Hap- 
shal John HIefe, and his aides, irolonel Anton Meyer. 
Captain George Landwehr, C. Behm, Henry Fischer, 
ThBodore Brandenburg. H. Broyor, H, Vogeley, P. 
V. FraDkonbai^ and Hermann Uahnenfeld. 

Third sub-dlvls Ion— Singing Societies Inoludlnf 
Elcbenkrani with lOO members; Saengernmde, 70 
members ; Rhelntsoher Saengerband, GO members ; 
Theodore Eoerner Ledertatel, 80 memiwrs; Conooidla 
Maennerehor, GO membets ; and Concordia Quartet, 86 

Fourth 'ub-dlvlGlon— Deutscher order HaragatI 
under Grand Master Adam Metiger, Deputy Grand 
Master 11. Mueller, Grand Warden F. glbns and Qrand 
Secretary Charles Laufus. It Included Armlnla Lodge, 
Ko. 1 : Central Park Lodge. No, 3 : Allomanla Lodge, No. 
A; Wllhelm Tell Lodge Ko. 5: Walhalla Lodge No. 
i; Washington Lodge, No. 7: Deutsche Elobe I.odge. 


; Nlebolungen Lodge, r 

'0. 88; 

; KnloXer 

. j-j; Koemer Lorge No. ITl : Prel Munner Lodge Ko. 
103; Concordia Lodge Ko. 333; HeAulea Lodge No. 
234; Deutsche Relcba No, 2S0. J. Becker. West- 
tbi'sler County Lodge Ko. 2M; Rosenthal Lodge No. 
",17 ■ rinlnmbua Lodge Ko. 280; Jefferson Lodge No. 
lolier Lodge K" """■ '■•- ■-•'— ^•- 


I. 280; Ida Lodge 
_.j; HolsBtlo r-'~ 
I. 32T: Feuerbach 

ippler Lodge Ko. 204; Holsatlo Lodge 
tlenberg Lodge No. 327; Feuerbach Lodge N 
_..^-..¥ .,.„.. .T- OM.. Shakespeare Todj 

No. 543'; Ecctboven Lodge No. — . 

Fifth sub -division— Singing Soclelles and Tumprs, 
Including Uarmonla, 100 members; South Brooklyn 
Gesang Vereln Harmonla. 50 members; South Brook- 
lyn desang Vereln Saengerfust, 40 members; South 
Brooklyn Turn Vereln, 150 members. 

Sixth Bub-divlslon— Hesslsoher Volkafest Vereln, with 
400 members, commanded by Frank J. Fuchs. 

Seventh sub-division— Sueddeiitseber Soldatenbund,' 
with 66 members, under Frederick Eohrs. 

Eifihth sut)-dl vision— German Cathollo societiea nndac 
command of Conrad Strassburger, with an escort ot 
30 mounted men. 

The following churches were represented: St. 
Alpheus Church, St. Nicholas Church. Church of the 
Moat Holy Redeemer, Church of Our Lady ot Borrows, 
St. Mary Magdalen Church, St. John's Chureh, St. 
Francis's Church, St. Boniface's Church. Church of the 
Assumption and St, Joseph's Ct— ch. 

Ninth sub-division- Dniled S has,. shooters of New- 
York and vicinity, under coanand of Henry Neus. 
This divlslnn, which swelled the procession, Included 
the foUowlDjg BOOletioB! Manhattan Schuetsenbund, 80 
members : Sew- York Sehueteengulld, 60 members; 
Hungarian Sehuetzenbund, 40 members, and the 

Austrian jaegerbund, with t^ 





A lln« lUipUy «M made b; th« flremsn't dlrlsion, 
wblcb Ineluded eompkak* ftnd uioalMJoai represent- 
Int all bnnehes ol (be mluntMr fire iervloe. The 
three e'alel orgsnliatlona of the old Keir-York Vol- 
nnteei FIra Department were each well repieeented, 
■Dd In a Ibt iDstuioea the beart; veteran! even 
drew their old " macJieeDB,' all decked out In flowers 
utd the Nattonal eolots. Th« greater number of the 
man [n thia division, however, came from neighboring 
town* and olUea, and most of those who marciied 
are ftlll in aeUve aervlice. Altogether- Srom 4,500 
to !i,000 flremen were In the panda, and all except 
two or three oompanlee had bonds ol tram fifteen to 
ttt! pleoea witli then]. The total number of men 
In the division, therefore, oouM not have been lesa 
than 6,000, and In th«tr strlUoc uniforms the? pre- 
•ented an Interesting apeotaole. Hie moat notable 
thing about the dlvtalon, however, from a oonMnniaJ 
•tandpolQt, was the presence of FrlendsbQ? Engine 
Oompany ol Alexandria, Va., of which George 
Vashlngton wad a member. This oompany was or- 
ganlied In 17T4, and Tashlngton Joined Vt In 1770. 
He afterward presented an engine M the oompany, 
•nd the old pipe, or ooiale, ol hammered oopper, wa« 
rairled In the parade jresteiday. Two ol tbe anb- 
atantlal leather buckets that bang under the engine 
•Isa date from the same period, although tbe engine 
ItfieS la of more modem date. 

The Bremen's division was wider the command 
of Jatoes F. Wemoan, tressurer of the Veteran Fire- 
men's Association, with Ulchaal Elohela and John B. 
MlUer as special aJdes- Tbera were altogether nine 
■Qb-dlvlslans, wltb the tollowtng men In oommaod: 
John' Decker, Ellsba Klngsland, Thomas Cleary, 
Bobart MoGlnnls, O. H. Poriy, Peter Fagfto, W. H. 
E'nreT, J. T. Savage and Albert £. Emith. The right 
of line was held by the old Exempt Firemen's Asso- 
olatlon ol New-York, whloh hod 200 members present 
hi black trook ooats and silk hM«. James Y. 
WatUns waa their marshal, arid their president. Emi- 
gration Commlssloaer Stephenson, was also In line. 
Following the Exempts osme some BOO of Uie mem- 
bers of the Volunteer Firemen's Association of the 
elty of New-York, In their familiar red shirts, the 
offloera and more aged members being pi-lvHeged also 
to wear long dark blue coats. Michael Crane was In 
oommand, rejoicing In a handsome bright gold medal 
which had been presented to him In commemoration 
ol the occasion Just before starting out Dantel 
Quinn, Bradford Howard, anit John J. Tyndale were 
till aides, and a boat of oScets and ex-oOlcers of 
rWItlng oompanlee marched with them. 

About 200 members of the Veteran Firemen's Asso- 
elallon of the city of New- York beaded the second sub- 
division, with Harry Howard, the famous old ohtef, 
marching at their bead. They wore the handsome drab 
uniforms In which they made their trip across the oontl- 
neut two years ago ; they won a great deal of applause. 
□eorgo Anderson had command, with Abraham Hull 
Mn4 Joaeph F, Mcoill aa aides. The Volunteer Veto- 
r»B Firemea'a Association ot PiUadelphJa came nest. 

with elghty-flVB men clad In long gray eoats, ell 
under the command of Frank Harrison. Than came 
sixty men from the Cornell Hose Company of Bon- 
dout, DTider Archibald Winter, and after them Wash- 
ington's company, the Friendship Engine Company, of 
Alexandria Va. Hey mustered Hlxty-nlne men, under 
oommand of James F. Webster, chief of tbe Alexandria 
police force. The Veteran Volunteer Flremen'a A«- 
BoelaUon of Brooklyn fallowed, 126 strong, under tbe 
command of J. H. Bergen. The Brooklyn men twodiftl 
up the rear of the second sub-dlvlslon, as the Hudson 
Engine Company of Bayonno, which bad been assigned 
to that place, did not arrive In time to take their 
propeir position. The latter company waa delayed 
because, ot the inability ol the Central RaJlroart of 
New-Jersey to land their eteam-eogUie for an hour 
and a half, owing to th* orowds at the depot, lliey 
Dnally arrived, however, and took a position furtbsr 
down the column, as did also the U- S. Grant Hose 
Oompany, of the Ninth Ward. Both orgMdiaUona 
presented a handsome appearance. 


Beginning with the tlilnl subnllvbion, the firemen 
doubled up to ecoDomlze space, and all rscept the 
largest organUatlon^ niarched two companies abreast. 
The third sub-dlvlslon consisted of the following 
companies : Washington Engine Company, No. SO, 
New-York City, 100 men, under its old foreman, 
Jeremish KenneQck; Clinton Engine Company, No. 
41, New-York, 110 men, under Wllllam Hennetsy ; 
EYotectlon Engloe Company, No. 2, of Long Island 
City, forty-five men^ Oeorge Eoch, fotemaji; Hlbemla 
Engine Company, no. E. of Ellzabethport, N. J., sev- 
enn men, C. T. Ragen foreman ; Astoria Sook and 
Ladder Company, twenty men, D. W. Thompson fore- 
man; Wyondotlre Hoob and Ladder Company, twenty 
men, Jacob Beld toreman ; Tiger Hose Company, ot 
l.oog Island City, thirty men, A. McDonnell foreman; 
Nepuine EnElne Company, No. 0. Tompkins vllle, forty 
men. John Cornell foreman. 

The fourth GUb-divlsIon led off with the E^oyette 
Engine Company, No. 18, of New-York, which was 
organised In 1793. It hod forty-five men In line, 
nniler command of James Q. Brinkman. In this di- 
vision also were the Port Blohmond Engine Company, 

No. 8, fifty men, E. W. Foster foreman; St«' 

Hose Company, of Long Island taty, forty-live 
Frederick Erbe foreman; Council No. 81, On.=. ui 
American Firemen, Jersey City, 100 men, Robert 
Quinlan prMldent, and Exempt Firemen's Association, 
Long Island City, 150 men, James O, Greer president 

The other sub-divisions all marched In close order, 
not attempting lo preserve any fixed Inlervals, They 
Included the following orKanltatlons ; Wandowannook 
Hose and Hook and Ladder Clompanv. Newtown. L. I.. 
Kirfy.flve men, John E. Lebnor, foreman ; Maieppa 
Hose Company, No. 42, New- York, fifty men. Oeorge 
F. Haller, foreman ; Oceanic Hose Company, Far Rook- 
away, thirty-five men, H. B. Jackson, foreman : White- 
stone Engine Companv, tMrty men, H. C. Bunoks. 
(oreman; Meadow Engine Company, No. 3, Hoboken, 
elxtv men, Charles Palmer, foreman ; Empire Hook and 
Ladder Company, No. 2, HobnSen. saventy-flvo men, 
Hobert K l-ayhum, foreman ; Brooklyn Volunteer ETre- 
men's ASBOelatlon, 600 men. Judge John Courtney In. 
coramanfl : Independence Engine Company, Philadel- 
phia, thirty men. .Tohn H. Flemtnir, foreman; Exempt 
Fireman's Association of Brooklyn. E. I>.. 200 men; 
Jnrtge MnaiB Engle. marshal; Frlerrtsl^lp Eneine Com- 
pany, N'o. 1. Sheepshead Bay, seventy BiJn. Henry Os- 
bomf . fomman ; Atlantic Hose and Hook and T.adder 
Company of Oravesend. 100 men. William Vanderveer, 
foreman : F!at^ush Fire Department, 200 men. under 
Chief Thomas M. S. Lett; New Tjita Eiempt Firemen's 
Association. 150 men. L. I- Hopp. marshal; Putnam 
Hose Company, No. 31, New- York, fifty men ; Thomas 
Sullivan, foreman: Protection Engine Company, Fort 
Tee. fortv men, Charles A. Hunt, foreman; Besalde 
Hose Company, Eockawav Beach, thirty-five men. D. 
-T. Pello. foreman ; Protection Engine Company No, B. 
Horrlsania, elghly men, Peter Geohs, foreman; Hont- 
fclalr Hose Company, twenty-five men. Philip 


holier, rorenmn: Blorm Engine Cumpan;', EInafiiKliKn, 
Con DOC Ucut, forty Dii;r, under Chief John J. Leonard; 
Cnlumbian IlDse Compaoy, PeelisklU, slzly men, J. W. 
lawyer, Joreman; HO[)e Hoso Company, Phtladelpbia, 
(icrty-flve men, Thomas n. Peto, foreman ; Washington 
Engine Company, No. 3, Poolulilll, forly men. James 
B. HaJght, faremBin ; Empire Engine Company, Ko- 
fi, ■West iloboSen, seventy men, John McCourt, fore- 
toxa; Ameriodii Hook unil Ladder Company. No. 
4, WeEt Hobolien, forry men. George Fink, foreman; 
Columbia Hose Company, Union, S. J., Uilrtr-five 
men, William P. BlmriEOn, foreman ; Hope Engine 
Company, Burlington. N. J., (opiy-flve men, ICamilron 
tl, Gali, loreman ; Caristaat Pli-a DeptU'tment, Ih'ree 
fpmpaniea, forty men. Conrail Strlppel. marshal; 
Washington Chemical Engine Company. Guttenberg, 
K. J., ihlrty mon, George Hoehrer, foreman ; Prlend- 
chip Boo!{ anil Ladder Company, ^^o. 3, BllssvtHle, 
L. !.. forty men, J. J. While, foreman; Volunteer 
Firemen's Sons. New-York, 100 men, W. I,. Flaok, 
Presfdent; Volunteer and Exempt Viremen's Sons' 
AasDclatlon o( BroolUyn, flity men, Jsmes E. Bums, 
taarshal, and Volunwer, Esempt and Veteran Fire- 
men''! sons' Association of New-York City, 120 men. 
Tbamas Van Blarcum, president. 


Nearly all the companies had their engines on truota 
<tith them, aUbougb In some tnstanoes maohlnea at 
tame special blatorlo Interest were substituted toir 
tJiBse now in u^e by active companies. Tie oldest 
BTiglne in the line was a venerable affair drawn by 
Wasblnglon Engine Company of F!atl)U5h- Another 
curious relio was an old-fashioned steam engine be- 
Ifineing lo Hope Hose Company, of Philadelphia, 
This engine Is said to have been the flist steam fire 
enginB ever exhlblrod In this city, being brought here 
In I83S. It 1? now superannuated, bnS wa? Ktlll able 
to give a hearty whistling salute to Presirtent Harrl- 



There were many elaborate floats in the parade 
besides thoie In the German and Labor Union divisions. 
"The landing from the Mayllower" was well shown. 
Mid was one of the leading floii^. The slern faces of 
the Puritan FathPrs were set and solemn as they alllxed 
tbeir signatures to the pledge which bound them to all 
Oblleatlans which woi'e for the general good. Every 
Stale In New.England was shown In this float, and Ihe 
groups comprised Kbode Island and the Providence 
plantations, the settlement at Hartford and Connec- 
ticut, together with the Merrimao Hiver SBtUeraents- 

The Finns and Swedes o( 1027 were represented by 
the Delaware float. They were pictured as oiTcrlni 
presents to the Indians and teaching them the truths 
<Ut Christianity and the arts of peace and oammerce. 

The ari'Ival ol Jjinl Baltimore was the main scene 
on the float representing the Stale of Maryland. 
Tlio Indians were gathered around In wonder at tlie 
*liprDacb o( the while settlers. 

The ship Welcome bTOUght WlUIara Penn to 
America In IGB2. This scene was the EUbJect of 
the Pblladclplila float Penn Is shown meeting the 
Quakers of Chester, wlio had arrived Btteon months 
before and had already laid out the City of Phlladel- 
phia. The sight of Penn pulling aside the " unsigned 
s vividly shown, and the strange look on 
i was full of Interest and In- 

tlie faces of t 

Christmas night In the year 17TG was shown on 
Jl^noiher float. Washington was pictured crosslnp 
the Delaware, bis right hand shading his eyes as 
lie looked across the seething waters which seamed 
about to erush bis frail boats. 

The barefooted soldiers aiilverlng around the Are at 
Valley Forge In January. 1TT8. was Ihe second part 
at Mb tableau. The majestic flgure of Washington 
♦as seen aiding them and oheorina them In the hour 

3t darkness and despair. This plctui-e also showed 
Knrou Steuben being presented to the wife of the heto 
jf the Kevolutlon- 

The Interior of the House of Dolegafes at An- 
napoUa wu shown on Boat No. 13. The ssUerlsi 
flUed with women and the walls decked with UBga Bin) 
emblems ol the wu pive a brlUIant color to a re- 
markable soene. 

Fraunce's Tavern, the acene o( Wifihlnpon's fa»- 
well to bis oVicers, wad shown In a design oo an- 
other float. Genei'ils Oreeo, Hamilton and Knox, 
together with Daj'on Steuben and Count Laf^etta 


None of the organliaUons were more promptly 
on hand than the lioys In the Educational Dlvlsloii. 
The hour was not too early for them, and they en- 
tered upon the parade with the enthusiasm of sol- 
diers. The battalions were farmed at the soboola 
and colleges and aa they mai-cbed Into FlfUcth-Bt. 
from all dIreotlanB It appeared as though all the 
schools wet« about to Join In the parade. 

Columbia College aa the oldest educational organic 
i:atlon of the city, formed at the bead of the Una 
east of Piftb-aVB., in FlfHoth-st., with John A. 
Dompsey as grand marshal, mounted, and J. U Travis 
and E finrith as color-boarcrs. The detachment was 
about flUO strong. Tlie students carried the ooilege 
banner and their class Colors. There was a detach- 
ment irom the Medical Department of Columbia, and 
the entire battalion wheeled Into line In good fotm. 
General Alesondor P. Ketohum and his marah^ led 
the Educational Division. 

The students ot the Collega of the City ot New- 
York, who followed Columbia, mustered nearly BOO 
strong. The boys all carried canes and each one 
wore his college colors In a lavender sash around the 
waist and shoulders. The battalion was rich In flags. 
Besides the city flags, the college banner and their class 
flags ibe students displayed tor the Brst time a beau- 
tiful silk Amerloan flag, which Lafayette Post, ol the 
Grand Army, presented to the college a few months ago. 
A fife and drum corps of twenty pieces preceded the 
students. The marshal was B. Lyden, president ot 
Ihe senior class; bis aides were Solomon MeuMn 
and William S, Wood. 

A prett; historical lableau was formed In the di- 
vision following Ihe colleges, representing Washington 
and his generals. Brooklyn Public Echool No. ID 
had this pla<?e In the line as &n escort to the tableau. 
The boys, numbering seventy-five, were commanded 
by Major F. H. Nichols, with Walter Bayliss. Frank 
and John Adams as captains, 
public school battalions came next, 4.000 
The several battalions gathered In thiee 
and marched to FIftlelh-st.. fonnlns 
west of FIflh-ave.. and stretching through to ElghOi- 
Bve. The hoys marched like veterans. " Next to the 
reg'Iara tli em selves," said a gray-headed veteran, aa 
he watched the formation of the Public School detach- 
ments. " there's been no betler discipline In the Cen- 
tennial parade." 

The sergeanls carried the Katienal colors, and the 
school flags which wer-e presonieil Ui the scliools last 
year all did good service. The Third Battalion, under 
Principal Pettlgrew, carried a Sne Uag presented by the 
James Shield Post of the Grand Army. The com- 
panies, each numbering foriiF-elght boys, cams from 
the male grammar schools. The largest eohools taiv 
□lahed two companies each, and the smaller, one com- 
pany. TheuB were eighly-four companies, and eaeh 
elected Its captain and sergeants- The batfaJiorw, 
made up ot Isn or twelve companies each, were dl- 



rooted by school principals as marshals. The prin- 
oipals were John D. Robinson, grand maarsbal; Huf^h 
(PNefl, Jacob Boyle, R. H. Pettigrow, Lafayette Olney, 
Matthew £^, David £. Gaddls, EUjah Howlancl 
and Jethro Mosher. A guard of honor at the head 
of the Une inclosed in a hollow square the grand 
marshal, Mr. Robinson, J. Edward Simmons, pres- 
ident of the Board of Eiduoation, Superintendent John 
Jasper, Assistant Superintendent Paul Hoffman, and 
the public school banner. Fife and drum corps 
were provided for each battalion. 

The children of the Hebrew Benevolent and Orphan 
Asylum, numbering 150, were commanded bv William 
D. Brennen. The little cadets marched finely. They 
were preceded by a band numbering twenty-flve 
pieces, composed of children of the same institution, 
under charge of Martin Thome. Their bandmaster, 
who is said to be the smallest in the United States, 
twisted and swung his stick like a veteran, and was 
much appauded. They were followed by the Columbia 
Institute cadets, numbering forty, under command of 
Colonel C. F. Stone, jr. The other officers were 
Major F. M. Smedley. Adjutant H. 8. Tennev, Captain 
jjw, Larbaree and Ci^tain 0. M. Lowber. 



The Irish-American organizations, numbering in all 
about 15,000 men, made an excellent display. The 
Irish-Americans actually in line exceeded this esti- 
mate; for instance, the Tammany men, under com. 
mand of General John Cochrane, might be said to be 
composed almost exclusively of Irishmen born or of 
IrlshrAmerlcans, and many sons of the Green Isle 
were prominent in the other divisions, their identity, 
however, being merged in the great body of work- 
ingmen in the parade. The most Important of the 
irlsh-American societies, by reason of its organiza- 
tlon and discipline, was the Ancient Order of Hiber- 
nians, 4,000 strong, led by the handsome 
and stalwart General James R. O'Belrne. 
These men are weU drilled in street parad- 
ing. They followed close upon the German 
division, and tbeir appearance was tbe signal 
for prolonged outbursts of cheering at the many points 
along the line of march at which their friends and 
S3rmpathizers were congregated in large numbers. 
Immedlaitely behind the marshal, General O'Belme, 
and leading tbe Ancient Order of Hibernians, came 
the Hibernian Guard, in uniform, and their handsome 
appearance and soldierly bearing made them a fitting 
advance guard to the great body of men. Edward 
L. Carey, who is at the head of this section of the 
organization, was in command. Many members of 
the Ancient Order are old war veterans, with bronzed 
faces and gray beards, yet they kept step with a vigor 
and precision worthy of young men. Many United 
States flags were carried; and there, too, was the 
harp of old Ireland, on a background of green and 
gold. The Hibernians, throughout the whole line of 
march, looked first at one fiag and then alt the other 
with expressions of affection and enthiisiasm. Next 
came the Irish-American League, 200 strong, com- 
manded by Mlohalel O'Farrell. They, too, carried 
Irish as well as American fiags, and escorted a num. 
ber of floats. 

The other division of the flrst contingent was made 
up of the United Irish- American and Catholic So- 
cieties, General Martin T. McMahon, marshal. Dl- 
reoUy behind the marshal came the Association of the 
Irish Papal Veterans, volunteers who went out from 
Ireland to Italy many years ago to fight for the tem- 

8 oral power oLthe Pope. They were in conmiand of 
aptain P. C. Dooley, and their quaint uniforms at- 
tracted much attention. The Holy Name Societies of 
fhe City of New- York, numbering 5v000 men, came 
next| commanded by Captain Jeremiah Fltzpatrlck. 
JSach eompany of this seotlon bore fiags having the 
nmine of its society. Then came another division of 

the Ancient Order of Hibernians, about 4,000 men, 
commanded by the veteran Irish leader, Captain 
Miohaei Kennedy, who was recognized at once by 
his thousands of friends at many points along the line 
of march and was enthusiasttcally cheered. 

The Provincial Oouncil Temperance SocietieB oame 
next, under the leadership of William H. Downes. 
They made an excellent display, as did the 1.200 
members of the Catholic Young Men's National Union, 
who accompanied them, and 1,000 men from the 
Catholic Benevolent Division, under the command 
of Victor J. Dowling. The Catholic Knl&fhts, 400 
men, commanded by Terrence J. Larkin, and St. Pat- 
rick's Alliance. 400 men, led by Congressman John 
Henry McCarthy, came next. T. a McEvoy looked 
after 200 members of the Catholic Mutual Benefit 
Association, who were next in the line. Behind them 
marched the St. Patrick's Benevolent Association, 250 
men, commanded by M. J. Ahem; 8t PauTs United 
Societies, in charge of J. E. Kehoe, and St. James's 
YounK Men's TotiJ Abstinence Society, led by P. 
O'Tooie. The Irlgh-Amerlcan section was closed by 
tlie Daniel O'Connell Patriotic Benevolent Associatioa. 
Bernard Byrne ; the Kerrymenls Patriotic and Benevo- 
lent Association, John P. Sheehan; the County Fer- 
managh Association, W. McLaughlin; the Holy Crosf» 
Temperance Sooie^, P. J. Mulcahy, and the St. Paul's 
League of the Cross. John Dillon. 




The share that organized labor took in the parade 
yesterday was a prominent one, although no local or 
district assembly of the Knights of Labor officially. 
took pai% the unions that marched being connected 
with the American Federation of Labor and the- 
Central Labor Union. In most cases the presideot. 
or Central Labor Union delegated acted In the capacity 
of marshal of his organization. As neither of tho 
three grea<t central organizations, the Knights of 
Labor, American Federation and Central Labor Union, 
took any sort of oflQclal action, such as they have been 
tn the hal)lt of doing when preparing ft)r the Labor 
Day parade, the various smaller unions were forced 
to depend upon their own resources to perfect all 
prparatlons for the celebrations and the result waa 
tliat many organizations after deciding to celebrate 
became discouraged and gave up the Idea of parading. 
As it was, only about 10 per cent of the local unions^ 
lodiges and assemblies were represented along the line 
of march and these were without any relative order^ 
but came in where and when they had the ohanoe, 
many of them being out of position. Thus the 
effect of the body of 13,090 organized workmen who 
marched was entirely lost 

There were forty-nine labor organizations repre- 
sented altogether. Following is a list of the 
various bodies that helped to swell yestordegr'^ 


Unions. Men. 

Brooklyn Bricklayers' Union, No. 1 (1) 1,000 

Brooklyn United Brotherhood of Carpenters 

and Joiners. (4) 800 

Brooklyn Journeymen Plumbers (1) 600 

Clothing Cutters' Association. (1) 600 

Jouroeymen Butchers (1) 600 

Long Island City Bricklayers' Union, No. 40.. ..(1) 70^ 

Manhattan Ship Joiners..^ (1) 800 

Mixed Unions (4) 890 

Musical Unions (8) 280 

Marble Cutters of New- York (1) 600 

Operative Painters (2) 1,600 

Operative Plasterers (1) 1.200- 

Planomakers' Unions (16) 8.000 

Tin and Sheet Iron Workers (1) 260 

United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Join- 
ers. New-York. (H) 8.000 

Total (497 18.99a 

The Brooklyn Bricklayers' Union, No. 1, was » 
sturdy set of men, whose white and blue aprons and 
badges became them well Michael J. Murty was the 



marshal of this organization, which was In the di- 
vision commanded by General J. B. O'Belme, who 
w»8 assisted by J. C. Mahoney and W. M. Murray. 
ThiB marching of this body of men was good, although 
no attention had been given to associating men of 
the same size in the ranks, and short men had to 
stretch their legs to mark time to the band of foiurteen 
pieces and yet keep up with their comrades with 
longer legs. Banners and flags were abundant 

TbiB Brooklyn contingent of the United Brother- 
hood of Carpenters and Joiners was represented by 
local unions Nos. 100, 175, 451 and 471, commanded 
by William Chevlton, in the division led by Nathaniel 
BfoKay, marshal, assisted by John Mclnnis and C. A. 
Fbraner. The division led the New- York division of 
the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners, 
composed of eleven lodges, the members of which 
were all decorated with blue badges and white aprons. 
The latter organizations were under the direct conK 
mand of W. A. Trotter, who, with W. V. C. Chfrlston, 
Robert Carson, J. A. Phillips, W. Shaw, Henry Reu- 
ben, M. Carew, J. Huyler, M. J. Finn. W. H. Robin. 
son, T. I>eagan and B. G. Connors, acted as aids 
to Marshal N. McKay, of Division E. This organiza. 
tion was the largest body of union men In the dem- 
onstration. All fell promptly into line when their 
time came and kept good order. The carpenters car- 
ried many banners, flags and symbols, the more no- 
Uoeable being the carpenters' tools of groat size car- 
ried on poles, anl a handsome blue plush banner ln> 
scribed *MCentennlal, 1789-1889 .» 

The Brooklyn Journeymen Plumbers were a neat- 
looking body of 600 men, in Division D. under Marshal 
C. S. Burns. It was commanded by M. J. Drisooll, 
assisted by Jamas Williamson. The members wore 
blue badges and carried small flags and canes. The 
trade banner was a handsome one, Inscribed " Centen- 
nial 1780.1880.» 


The Clothing Cutters' Association would not have 

been recognized as tailors by the average spectator, 

their marching order being exceedingly good. This 

association was a little out of place, but was welcomed 

when It appeared, more especially on account of the 

float upon which lay flgures were being measured, 
fltted and dressed In Continental dresses, work which 
excited much interest and some surprise In the feminine 
portion of sightseers. This association was com^ 
manded by W. J. Geiaghty. 

The Journeymen Butchers turned out in larger 
numbers than was expected and presented an im- 
posing appeai*anoe. Flags wore carried and a trade 
banner, and all wore gloves and bright scarfs. The 
company was commanded by William J. Ryan and 
escorted a float handsomely decorated. 

The seventy membeis oX Briciaayers' Union, No. 40, 
of Long Island City, were a fine set of men, and it 
looked as if they had been picked out for their height. 
They all wore white gloves and blue balges and carried 
canes. One float accompanied this detachment, another 
one which was expected to be present having got mixed 
up with the Irish League contingent. 

Members of a number of unions which were not 
ofBcially represented turned out in some force and 
distributed themselves about promlsouously. Many 
were Knights of Labor. 

The Manhattan Ship Joiners' Association had pre- 
pared to distinguish itself, and it did so. It had 
with it a hanisome forty-flve-foot brig-rlgged yacht, 
with its crew of uniformed sailors, commanded by 
Captain William H. Stebbins. On another float near 
the brig was ''The Old Mechanics' Bell" cast fbr the 
association in 1847. William W. Taft commanded the 
ship Joiners. Each float was drawn by four horses. 


The Reliance Marble Cutters' Union, of New- York, 

was commanded by P. J. Butler, and escorted a truck 

upon which was a steam boiler and steam drills, with 

which delicate work was being done on a bust of 

Washington and various friezes of marble. This 

track stopped near the grand stand, and seemed to 
have especial Interest for President Harrison. 

One feature of the parade was the terms of equality 
on which the piano manufacturers associated with 
their workmen. This division was a large one, and 
all except a few members belong to the Journeymen 
Piano Makers' International Union. Sixteen piano 
manufacturers were represented. The grand marshal 
was George A. Steinway, and he was assisted by 
Carl Neuendort J* Bums Brown, W. B. Stone. R. 6. 
Howard, Harry D. Low, George L. Weitz, Robert 
Prior, E. T. Woly, Hugo Kraemer, Henry Hass, 
Louis Hass and H. Leonard. They carried a large 
trade banner of red plush on which was embroidered a 
picture of a grand piano with this legend 
over it: 1789— Cenennfal— 1889— Piano Makers." 
The men in the ranks were separated into "shops," 
each having distinctive uniforms or badges and car- 
rying banners, flags and symbols, some of the latter 
befing monster tuning-forRs and inside piano-luBys 
carried over the shoulder like battle-axes. 

The Operative Painters were commanded by Charles 
E. Owen, and although a respectable body of men 
wearing blue badges and white aprons, they have often 
painten the town red. The associate commanders 
with Mr. Owen were William H. Perry and P. P. 
Davis, each commanding 500 men. Numetous flags, 
banners and symbols of their trade were carried. 

Last, but not least, of the organized workmen was 
the Plasterers' Society of New- York, numbering 1,200 
men, all dressed In white with yachting-caps, and 
wearing red, white and blue badges. The society 
was commanded by Michael Buckley, who was as> 
sistied by J. C. Crawford. With it were two floats, 
one showing the interior of a house In miniature 
with men at work plastering; the other, beautifully 
decorated, showing the process of moiildii^ medallons, 
of which many of Washington and Lincoln were dis- 
tributed to the spectator and a presentation of three 
made to President Harrison. 


Few divisions In the parade attracted more atten- 
tion, or received more continuous plaudits along the 
line than that of the Tammany Society, with the 
legendary cap of Liberty, General John Cochrane, 
grand marshal and sachem, and five unmistakable 
sons of the forest to the fore. Beside the marshal 
rode City Chamberlain Richard Croker, the picture 
of health and manly vigor. Grand Sachem Flack and 
all the sachems were mounted and wore their regalia. 
The rank and file, divided into thirteen tribes, each 
carrying its own standard, turned out the full com- 
plement of the 2,500 men promised, in high hats and 
dark clothes. The President looked with undisguised 
interest upon this fine-looking body of men, his recog- 
nized political opponents, and when Mounted Aide 
Leicester Holme gave the command, ''Remove your 
hats, gentlemen," General Harrison returned the salute 
with an exceedingly low bow and a gesture Indicative 
of extremely polite respect. 

The "braves" were divided into three battalions 
and marched in the following order : The First Battal- 
ion, Major Thomas Began, marshal, included the 
XXTIld, XXIId, XXIst. XXth, XVIHth, XVIth, 
XlVth and Xllth Assembly Districts. In the Second 
Battalion, Joseph H. Stiner, marshal, were the XlXth, 
Xth, Xlth, XVIIth, XVth, XHIth, VHIth and IXth 
Districts. The Third BattalIonj_Dr. Joseph P. Nacle, 
marshal, contained the Vllth, Vlth, IVth. IHd, Vth, 
Vinth and 1st Districts. 


The Italian contingent^ under Marshal Morrison, 
was one of the most picturesque features of the parade. 
There were present a score of military organizations 
In ditferent uniforms. The Garibaldi Guards, in scar- 
let tunics, were as conspicuous as the Victor Emmanuel 
Guards, or the sharpshooters, in dark green, with 
waving plumes. Though the men, as a body, were 
rather short of stature, they marched like well-drilled 
soldiers and retained their '* touch'* In a manner that 
would do credit to some militia regiments. The di- 
vision was in two sections. The first was 
beaded by Marshal Morrison and Marshal An- 



tonlo Carrara, after whom came the united Italian 

Booleties, the band and the Italian military 

assocUtlons with Marshal's Aides A« Demardl, H« 

Potroleo and M. Cardano. Following theso came the 

Redud Patrle Battagllo, the Columbus Guards, under 

Captain G. Muzxlo, and Gaifbaldl liOgion, Captain M. 

Landl, which company was repeatedly cheered along 

the line of march. Probably next In favor to the 

Gailbaldl Legion were the Victor Bnunanuel Guards, 

under Captain Victoria Blancl. They were followed by 

Tongue to Tasso, Captain D. Flna; Potenja Locarrla, 

Captain R. Gnldettl ; Umbesto Prlmo, Captain C. Gl2^ 
como; Stella A'ltalla, Captain D. D'Incastra; Corona 

Altalla, Captain L. B. BeUarosa ; Socleta Carous, Cap- 
tain A. Carrara; Guaidla Sarola, Captain A. Dondero, 
and Carablnleri Beall, Captain F. Capoblanco. This 
concluded the section. 

The second section was composed chiefly of Italian 
civic organizations, headed by a band. The men wore 
drab-colored hats, with black velvet band, a plume 
and a stu* formed of the Italian national colors. 
Carlo Lamaida and Antonio Criscuolo acted as marthals 
of the second section^ The members of t^e organiza- 
tions wore regalia, and the respective presidents had 
on their badges of oflBce and patrlooo decorations. 
The Unlone e Fratellanza, President B. Bertinl, had 
the right of line. The other organizations were as 
follows: Socleta Operaia. G. Caragusa, president; 
La Concordia, A. Podesta ; Socleta Fratema, A. D^An- 
gelo; Fratellanza CabreUesse, A. Allono, and Blmem- 
branza Saatf, N. Snllla. It was estimated that fully 
2.000 Italians were in line. 

led the societies. Thirtv flags and banners were carriea 
by this division, and the appearance of the mounted 
warrioii, Helvetian bowmen and the brightly decfced 
maidens, seated on the slope of a mountain, was the 
signal for unstinted applause. 



The Swiss division fell in line at 10:20 o'clock. 
The Centennial committee was oomposed of delegates 
from aU the Swiss societies In New.Tork City. The 
Swiss drum snd fife cori»s led tne procession, in white 
onlforms and leather leggins. Next came twenty 
mounted warriors in costumes of the fourteenth 
century. They wore armor, and on esch man's 
breast was a shield in red surrounding the white cross 
of Switzerland. The costume was striking, consisting 
of doublets of black velvet, silver helmet and top- 
boots of brown leather. Following came the float, 
representing Helvetia on a mountain, and twenty-two 
maidens, one for each canton of Switzerland, sat on 
each side, each one dressed in the quaint garb of her 
own canton. In front sat William Tell and his boy, 
armed with bows and arrows, while on a pole above 
their heads hung the cap of the tyrant Gesler. A 
golden circle on the back of the float Indicated the 
rising mm, and around it was the legend ** Five Hun. 
dred and Years of Independence." A 
corps of forty Helvetlsn archers came next, in ancient 
uniform, bearing spears and shields. Behind tho^e 
marched a monk of St. Bernard, clad In a brown garment 
which reached from head to foot, his long white beard 
coming down to his waist. At his side ran a huge 
St. Bernard dog with a flask around his neck. The 
Jura Maenner-Chor, with a large banner, was followed 
by the Helvetian Singing Society and the TIelnese 
Society for Mutual Benefit. The Swiss motto. ^'One 
for All, All for One," was inscribed on various banners, 
and on a large fiag of red silk was written " Switzerland 
a Republic. 1308 to 1889.' 

The Helvetian Singing Society carried two banners, 

with golden lyres, on a field of blue and white, with 

the Inscription "Harmonic, Union, Patrle." The 

mottoes on the banners were written in ihe languages 

of Switzerland— French, German and Italian. Each 

young woman on tiie float held a shield with the coat- 

of-aims of her canton. On some of the shields were 

pietured mountains and pastoral scenes, on others 

Alpine fields of ice and snow, while some bore emblems 

Mnd ajmhols of ancient and modem warfare. There were 

^^^,^^*^L^^^ "^^^ ^^ ^^®» representing thirty Swiss 

A^i '^c^f^SL 'ooanted comma,nd was Jed by Captain 

(^ast»ve WinkJer, and Hononry President Charles Taller 




The many organizations that Joined In the parade 
tell into Une promptly from the streets where th^ 
were massed and enthusiastic cheers greeted them 
as they wheeled into Fiftb-ave. General Butter- 
field, tiie chief marshal, wore civilian's dress, his only 
insignia being the marshal's baton. Near him rode the 
standard-bearer, with the chief marshal's banner, a 
yellow silk fiag with the arms of the State on one 
Bide and those of the city on the other. Before the 
general rode a double line of mounted police and 
after him came a small brigade of mounted aides. 
Each of these wore a broad sash of yeUow silk, 
caught at the right shoulder with a silver star and 
fastened with a similar one at the left hip. 

The staff comprised the following men: Henry G. 
Asplnwall, Chaiies Appleby, Nelson O. Ayres, Ethan 
Allen, A. D. Baker, Bleecker S. Banard, Lewis Top- 
pon Barney, Alexander Barrie, Henry A. Bostwlek, 
Sherrill Babcock, William H. Barker, Eugene Berrl« 
Adolph Busch, George H. Berry, Oliver B. Brtdgman* 
Bussell Connell, Melville Bull, H. H. Balch, Howacd 
C. Badgloy, A. E. Baxter, James H Brady, Oliver EL 
Buckingham, John F. Boylan, Frank S. Brastow, Regi- 
nald G. Barclay, Elliott Burrls, T. B. Basselln, August 
Belmont, jr., Frederick W. Chesebrough, John N. 
Conyngham, Robert J. Clyde, W. Miles Cary, Slgmund 
Cohn, Charles M. Clarke, Alexander Cameron, Ashtoa 
Crosby Clarkson, Alfred R Cortis, W. F. Caterfield, 
Wilbur F. Calvert, Charles H. T. Collis, DeFrees 
Critton, Frederick B. Carey, Washington Content, 
Albert dayburgh. T. Wain-Morgan Draper, John B. 
Cheever, Julien T. Davies, A. d'Orville, Eugene tu. 
Dale, Guy Carlton Dempsey, George Dlckerson, Thomas 
X. Dunn, Rufus Delafield, John Langdon Erving, W. 
Nelson Edelston, £. M. Fulton, Joseph Forbes, Fred- 
erick W. Floyd, Dr. Feasor a Fuller, De Witt Clinton 
Falls, jr., George £. Fahye, Augustus B. Field, War- 
ren H. Goddard, Robert S. Gould, Guilford Hurry, 
Nelson H. Henry, Herbert G. Hull, Francis Halpln, 
Charles F. Homer, Joseph Holland, Austin Harring- 
ton, Leland H Ives, Joseph C. Jackson, Foxhall Keene, 
William H. Klrby, Henry Knlckerbacker, Frank T, 

Lawrence, Francis H. Mulford, Frederick H. MoCoon, 
George Ellas HoUeson, ComeUus B. Mitohell, Rufus 
Martin, Warner Miller, William C. Mowry, Henry Glea- 
son, Sinclair T. Hunting, William W. Henshaw, Jr., 
Charles R. Henderson, Gilbert K. Harroun, Jr., Sey- 
mour C. Hess. William H. T. Hughes, Ira M. Hedges, 
Henry I. Iselin, ChJEirles M. Jessup, Richard L. John- 
son. William M. Kllduff, Waldo Ellis Knapp, Frederick 
P. Lee, Robert Lincoln Lee, Edwin A. MoAlpin, Clark 
H McDonald, John Murray Mitohell, Asher Miner, 
Alfred B. Maclay, Jeremiah S. Meserole, Walter 
Glendeve Owen, John D. Ottlwell, Louis V. O'Donohue, 
Holbrook F. J. Porter. Kelly Prentice, Albert E. 
Pond, William E. Pentz, Oren Boot, Charles F. Roe, 
F. J. Eemer. Frederick T. Swift, Joseph P. Skllman, 
Charles R. Skinner, Peter Somers, Joseph H. Stirling, 
Arthur E. Scbuman, Julian Stemberger, T. Eugene 
Smith, Jr.. Henry Edward Tremaln. Alexander Taylor, 
jr., Paul Gilbert Thebaud, Charles W. Tracy, Laurence 
Tumure. Jr., John W. Vrooman, William R. Worrall, 
Obed Wheeler, Alfred WagstafT, Gustavus S. Wallace, 
Frank Waller, Joseph J. O'Donohue. Frederick N. 
Owen, William C Price, Howland Pell, James S. 
Porter, Thomas J. Powers, George Rand, George S. 
Ryder, Clarence H. Robins. Edward C. Smith, Edward 
Chambers Smith, Frank T. Stinson, W. F. Shaef^r, 
Aueust Schlmmel, Ll^enard Stewart, W. M. Storrs, 
Waldo Sprague, John Tregaskls, John J. Toffey, George 



Knos Throop, S. E. Vernon y Paul Edwaixl Vollum, 
Heniy G. Woodruff, Stephen M. Wright, James Wood, 
Arthur G. Weber. 

The State representatives appointed by the Tarlous 
Governors were as follows: Kew-Hampshlre, Solon A. 
Carter ; Indiana', John A. Bridgeland ; Kansas, Homer 
W. Fond; Maryland, Prank Brown; Illinois, Charles 
P. Bjan; Pennsylvania, Thomas J. Bowers; Wiscon- 
sin, Ogden N. Fetchers; Maine, George L. Beal; 
Michigan, D. B. Binger; South Carolina, Major J. C. 
Alderson; Florida, John D. Tredwell; Missouri. C. R. 
Ellersbe; Connecticut, William C. Maury: Arkansas. 
Colonel B. T. De Val; Virginia, Major W. Miles Cary: 
Delaware, Austin Harrington ; Rhode Island, Colonel 
Melville Bull; Vermont, Colonel Levi K. Fuller. 

General Butterfield appointed these as special 
aides to escort those from the other States : Laurence 
Tumure, Jr., August Belmont, Jr., Lispenard Stewart, 
P. G. Thebaud, Alfred Wagstaff, H. Knlokerbackert 
FranMln Bartlett, Joseph C. Jacbson, C. B. Mitchell. 




It was scarcely 8 o'clock yesterday morning when 
great crowds of people began to assemble in Fifth- 
ave.. In the neighborhood of the home of Vice-Presi- 
dent Morton. A glai^ce at the appearance of the 
people In the early throng showed that a large pro- 
portion of the people composing it were from distant 
points, who had apparently determined to be on 
hand early enough to catch a glimpse of the Presi- 
dent of the United States when he should leave the 
Vlo*-PreBldent's house for the reviewing stand. By 
o'clock the avenue was lined on both sides by people 
who were compressed by the police into the narrow 
compass of the sidewalks, leaving the roadway clear. 

About this time one of the policemen engaged in 
keeping the crowd outside the parade lines, finding 
his exertions almost futile, endeavored to create a 
diversion that would relieve the pressure of the crowd 
at this point. " The President will go out by the side 
door," he shouted, hoping to see the crowd rush for 
the eomer. Not a person moved, and everybody 
looked at the officer as if he were the only man In 
New-York capable of wilfully sacrlflclng his reputa- 
tion for truth during a Washington centennial. 

''Harrison's not that 'kind of a Republican,** some 
one said, and those who heard the remark cheered 
the speaker heartUy. 

At 9 o'clock Colonel & V. R. Cruger, chairman of 
Che Army Committee, accompanied by Lieutenant 
Judson, drove up to Mr. Morton's home and entered. 
Xliree quarters of an hour later a messenger from 
the reviewing stand arrived at the house to Inform 
the President of the approach of the procession. In 
the meantime several other callers had entered Mr. 
Morton's house and had paid their respects to the 
President. Among them were Stusryesant Fish, El- 
brldge T. Gerry, Clarence W. Bowen,^W. G. Hamil- 
ton and Orlando B. Potter. 


It was almost 10 o'clock when President Harrison 
and Vice-President Morton left the house to enter 
the President's carriage, which had Just reached the 
sidewalk. The appearance of the President was the 
signal for a wild and spontaneous outburst of cheer- 
ing. The cheers started by the people who saw him 
first were taken up by others along the avenue, and 
earrled In a single swelling burst of sound as far as 
the reviewing stand, half a dozen blocks away. 

In the carriage as It left the house for the stand 
were the President, Vice-President Morton, Colonel 

Cruirer and Lieutenant Judson. The cheer- 
ing with which the President was greeted 
was something unusual, even In a time 
when patriotic enthusiasm is aroused to Its highest 
pitch. Never at any time on the Journey to the 
stand did the tumult of cheering abate. Men threw 
up their hats, cheering loudly, while the women waved 
their handkerchiefs with energy. The President bared 
his head and bpwed frequently to the right and left as 
he was driven along. He appeared less pale than on 
the previous day and was evidently In excellent 
spirits. He reached the stand a few minutes after 
10 o'clock, and shook hands cordially with those 
who had already gathered there to await him. Dur- 
ing the greetings the cheers from the crowds on the 
stands, in the streets and on the houses were kept 
up without cessation. 

There was a long break in the procession in front 
of the reviewing stand about 3 o'clock p. m., and 
Chief Inspector Byrnes, who stood Just below the 
stand, suggested to Vice-President Morton, who jras 
nearest him, that it was a favorable opportunity to 
have the President's carriage brought up, 3 o'clock 
having been set as the hour for the President's de- 
parture from the stand. A brief consultation was 
held, and the carriage was ordered. The President, 
meanwhile, bade good-by to a large number of peo- 
ple on the stand, with whom he shook hands cordi- 
ally. He and Mr. Morton entered the conveyance, 
accompanied by Elbrldge T. Gerry and Stuyvesant 
Fish, and the party were driven rapidly back to Bfr. 
Morton's house, under an escort of mounted polioe. 
Along the way the enthusiasm of the morning seemed 
to have Increased, if that were possible. It was one 
lusty cheer from the time the oarrtage started untU 
Its destination was reached, and aU the while hand- 
kerchiefs waved over the heads of the people in a 
fluttering cloud. Two other carriages followed con- 
taining Russell Harrison, Clarence W. Bowen and 
Mr. Vamum, WllUam G. Hamilton, W. B. D. Stokea 
and General John C. King. 


The President rested at Mr. Morton's house for half 
an hour, and then, at 3 :45 o'clock, the party started 
for the Desbrosses Street Ferry, Messrs. Gerry and FUh 
accompanying the President and Vice-President. In 
the other carHages were those who had foUowed the 
President from the reviewing stand. The crowds on 
the streets to the ferry cheered the President with 
a wiU, and the carriage was almost instantly sur- 
rounded by an enthusiastic throng, notwithstanding 
the presence of the mounted police escort Upon ar- 
riving at the Pennsylvania station in Jersey Ciij, 
the river having been crossed on the Princeton^ 
the President at once entered the private car of Vlee- 
Presldent Thomson, of the Pennsylvania road, which 
had* been placed at his disposal The train was the 
same as that which had brought the party from WasYi- 
ington, excepting that two of the nine ^ars were not 
Sed on the wtSrn trip, owing to the diminutlonin 
the number of the party. The interior of the Presl- 
^t^s ?ar was pro&sely decorated with flowers and 



The other members of the varty returning to Wash- 
ington with the President had gone to the Fifth Ave- 
nue Hotel from the reviewing stand, and had then 
gone to the ferry from that point They Joined the 
President on board the train Just before 6 o'clock. 
The entire party with the President consisted of 
Elijah Halford, Colonel J. M. Wilson, Miss Murphy^ of 
St Paul, Walker Blaine, Secretary and Mrs. Wln- 
dom and the Misses Windom,, Secretary Proctor 


Colonel But, PasUakster-QeDerol Wanviikfeer. Be- 
onit«7 uid UrB. Ruak and their otalldren. (ieaersi 
FuWDKer A teen t Bo;d, Ll^penard Stewart, Frank 
e. Wl(£ertiM ftud Mra. J. S. Ctubrcn, wUe ot the 
Flnt AwIiUnt Postmuter-GeDenil. Mrt. Clarkson 
bM been the guest of Mis. RUBSell Alger durlOR her 
Stay In the cits. Mr. Morton retumed to bis home 
Kfler the deputure ot the President. Othera who i«- 
mftloed in the oltj wereChlof JusUeo »nd Mrs, Fuller, 
Justloea Field uid Dl&uiulonl, uid ex-Juatice Strong. 
ftll of whom BtaTod to mttend tho biuguet last night 
to members ol the Supreme Court, 

At azaotl; S o'tlook the Presidential train itwted 
on Iti taal run (or WMblngton. The station at that 
moment rang with the cheers ol the immense orawd 
gathered to see the PnsMenC d^ut. General Har> 
rlBon came upon the rear platiorm as the train drew 
awBf and bowed repeatedl; to the crowd. His ap- 

Garaaoe on the platform called forth stlU more 
arty eheeilng, and the distinguished guest was 
speeded on his way with a burst of enthusiasm no less 
genuine than that which had welcomed htm to the eltj. 

Washington, Hay 1,— Only two stops were made la 
the trip ot tbe Presidential party from New-York to 
this ollf— one at Trenton and one at West Philadel- 
phia. At 10 :4a to-nlgbt the tnln rolled into the Balti- 
more and Potomac staUon, after a pleasant lide ot 
five houra and torty-flve minutes. President Harrison 
appeared tburougbly retieshed, and entertained tho 
DOoupanCs of the car wltb a lively recital of some of 
Ibe striking ezperlencee be had undergone. Be- 
fore leaving the train President Harrison thanked 
He. Boyd, of Ibe railroad company, for the great re- 
gard shown for bla welfare and comfort and oompll- 
mented him ufon the manner In which every detail 
of the louroey had beeo wrought out. 




The streets leading to the North filver piers were 
Ailed reeterday afternoon with a tired-looking throng 
ot Bigbt-seers, all aoxious to get back lo their homes, as 
the great oelebratlon was over. Those who bad en- 
gaged stat«rooms on the boats in advance were fortu- 
nate, for the late-oomers had to content themselves 
with mattresses and oots placed wherevot space 
could be found. The agents ut tho steamboat com- 
panies said that the travel ot the three days tiad ex- 
ceeded that of any previous period ot the same length. 
The Norwich line put on two extra boats last ulgbt, 
and all the steamers ware needed. Among the pss- 
sengera on these boats ffere S,a00 of the Vermont, 
New-Hampshire and HasBaobusetts ttoops. The Ston- 
Ington Line, by putting on an extra boat, was able 
to take between 1,S00 and 1,&00 people. The Rhode 
[Eland troops, numbering about 650, returned home 
by this line Tuesda; night. Many of the New-En- 
gland Grand Army veterans went home last ulgbt. 
The Fall Klver Line ran both the Pilgrim and tbe 
Piovldenoe. Governor Ames and the 5tb Mas9a- 
ohusetts retutted on the Pilgrim. The Ancient and 
Honorable Artillery ot Boston took the tall Giver 
boat after the parade on Tuesday. The same rush 
was also Been at the Albany boats. Every Btata- 
room was taken, and all the available space was oc- 
cupied wltb oota. All the lines are preparing for 
large numbers of paEseugers during the rest of the 

A stream ol people fcept the forry-boats to Jersey 
Cl^ filled yeeterday altemoon. Parts of the crowd 
were crossing the river at every terry, and the boats 
were running at Intervals of Ave minutes. The largest 
aaaiber at people seemed to be at DesbroBB«s-B t, tarry, 
iKiejv a tio^et-seUer said thM 8,000 Octets had been 

igle hour during the afternoon. No ao> 
oiuoiiH. u-.= been reported. The crowd at ChrUto- 
nher-at. moved In goof order, and at Barclay, Cortlandt 
I-^ I iKi^-n atM. amola faollltles were ororlded for 

uid Liberty fl 

ample faoUltles i 

tiMuiit >>•'- niumu<\a niH (il thP city. 

.- ,|,B last ul tlio parailo cro:iS*J Forlj-seoond- 
Bt Toslenlw, the number ol iiassBngMB In 
the Grand Central Statlou Inoroased so rapidly Uiat 
th- iinliwi at one time wore obliged to keep a ocowd ot 
iwoDle .tandlDg to the street wl.lle tbe waHln«-H 
ci-aduttllv emptied themselves Into Uie many t' 
Sit^re constantly steamiiiB off, some of lie 
only live mlnules' hoadwaj. On Tuesday Jll ti 
CoiiBlatlne ot 1,SOO cars, were handled. ■"' "■ ' 
to to-dav, the liiRhest total, but yostord, 

not lall short of it. Early joalflrday m 

number of liie Now-York Stale MlilUa wep 
their homos, In Ulloa, Herkloiar, Amsterdam, Soheneo- 
tadv, Hudson, Cataklll, PouBhlieepsIa and other place*. 
The Loalavllle Legion started homo at p. m.. In 
a special train of seven cara. The Cleveland City 
Troop and Battery, also In a special train, left the 
Grand Central at 7 :30 p. m. Owing to the Centennial 
tickets being Eood lo"" ,*„"_" '^-^?1> ';'^.™'^,Y,^^ _otBolBls 
visitors will return 

The New- York, New-Haven and Hartford Railroad 
has also felt the Influence of the oelebratlon In a 
marked degree. Many thousand people wmt to Hielr 
homes on this line yesterday, and on Tuesday It car- 
ried over 25,000 passengere from the Grand Central 
Station. Hie great tramo was bandied wlUi enUre 
smoothness and regularlty- 

The oCOclalB of Uie Pennsylvania Balltoad ftre nol 
Ukely soon to forget their Centennial ezperlencs. 
During the three days and nl^ts ot the oelebraUoo 
nearly 200,000 travellers to and from the oily have 
paseeo through their bands, wllbout (he sll^tero hltob 


The arrangements for moving the troops In Tues- 
day's parade were In the hands ot Colonel S. V. B. 
Cruger, who had previously placed special talegrapU 
stations along tbe route. There wera eight statlona 
In all. the flrst at No. Ill Broadway. Others were 
placed at the City Hall. No. BSO Broadway. Twenll- 
jth-Et. and Fltth-ave., the grand stand In Hadlson 
Square, Fortleth-at. and Fitth-ave., and Fifty- seventh -st 
and Flfth-ave. The arrangements were so perfect 
that within one minute after President Harrison or, 
dved at Madison Square the liead of the oolumn had 
oeeo ordered to advance. Colonel Cruger had then 
reached the telegraph station at Twentieth-st. and 
FIftb-ave. Tbe last division passed Madison Squats 
at 0;30 p. m., and at e;40 tbe message "Good Night" 
came down the wire from the Fifty- seventh- st. stand, 
these statlois were placed at tbe disposal of 
" for WertnoEday's parade, until ever 

Pealing chimes at sunrise, noon and sunset yester- 
day from Old TrtolW'B bellry rounded out tiat ohunb'i 
share in tbe Oentennlal eierclses. Hie maiden bell 
was distinctly noticeable among tbe others, and the 
Increased compass of tbe psol was oommented upon 
by many musicians among the thousands who listened 
lo Its tones. Such tunes as "Hall Columbia" and 
"Auld Lang Syne" were played tar more etteotlvoly 
than hitherto. Among the numbers other than the 
National airs, which Campanologist Uelslabn rang out^ 
were " tinder the Cherry Tree," written by tho father 
ot George L. Fox In 1780. This was in the supple- 
mental evening programme, which also Included " The 
Old Volunteer Fireman," " I'm Not as Young as I 
Used to Be," " Life Let Us Cherish' and " You'JJ 
Eem ember Me." 













The chief share of Brooklyn in the Centennial 
celebration was a municipal banquet in the 
Academy of Music last evening, which in 
brilliancy probably surpassed any similar enter- 
tainment ever given in l^e city across the Bridge. 
Over 500 guests, including the military, clerical, 
political, professional, business, and social repre- 
sentatives of the dty, sat at the tables, and after 
partaking of a well-served dinner listened to 
speeches by a number of the representatives of 
the press, the pulpit, and politics. 

The stage and parquet of the Academy were 
laid with the ball floor, and upon this were five 
long tables and a cross-table of honor. The 
building was brilliantly lighted and decorated. 
At the rear of the stage was a full-length portrait 
of Washington, flanked by flags, and from the 
proscenium arch depended In gas-jets the inscrip- 

The fronts of the proscenium boxes and of the 
balcony and gallery were decorated with flags and 
ffM^lrig, There were also abundant floral decora- 
tions on the tables and about the hall. Mayor 
Chapin presided, and on his right hand sat Secre- 
tary B. F. Tracy, and upon his left the Rev. Dr. 
Ij. T. Chamberlain. The other guests at the table 
of honor included Controller Myers, of New- York; 
James Korke. president of the Irish Emigrant 
Society ; ex-Mayors Schroeder, Booth. Howell, Low 
and Whitney, the Eev. Drs. C. H. Hall. L. Wint- 
ner- and A, J. F. Behrends. B. Peters. St. Clair 
McEelway, Andrew McLean, the Rev. E. W. 
McCaity. B. A. Boody and John McCarty. 
som:& op those peesent. 

Aldermen Schlusser. McGrath. McKee. Beard 
and Murphy presided at the other tables, and 
among those who sat at them were J. S. T. 
Stianahan, Congressmen W. C. Wallace, Felix 
Campbell, J. M. Clancy and T. M. Magner, A. D. 
BaSid, J. F. Knapp, S. V. White. David A. Baldwin, 
Henxy Hentz, Darwin B. James. Franklin. Wood- 
ruff. Samuel McLean, Generals A. C. Barnes and 
James McLeer, Senators O'Connor. Pierce and 
Worti« AssembXvmen AspinalL Sperry, McCann. 
Haggertr and Waper, W. J. Kaiser, Postmaster 
Henarix« Alden S. Swan, Hugh Mc- 
Laughlin, Judges Cullen, Bartlett, Pratt. Moore, 
Dykman, Barnard, Clement and Van Wyclc the 
Kev. Drs. Talmag<^ Cuyler, Meredith, McLeod, 
Abbottb Ward, Parker, Eeegan, IngersoU, Klely, 
GLadwick, Adams. Kelly, Fransioli, Canfleld, Ken- 
dig. Malone, Eddy, Davis, McCullagh, Sparger, 
Twing and Harrison; W. H. Murtna, General 
James Jourdan, G. M. Olcott, Controller Brinker. 
hofl, John Gibb, W. M. Colo, John French, H. 0. 
Bowen, H. W. Maxwell, J. A. Quintard, W. A. 

Furey, H. K. Sheldon, J. H. Burtis, E. R. Ken- 
nedy, W. B. Kendall, C. D. Wooi E. M Pack- 
ard, John C. McGulre, Halsey Corwin, A. F. 
Jenks, G^eneral S. L. Woodford, A. W. Tenney, 
C. D. Rhinehart, C. A. Barrow, F. E. PearsalX 
Dr. J. H. Raymond, Dr. P. H. Kretszchmar. 
James Kane, J. S. Tlghe, William Beppl, G. W. 
Anderson, Charles Pratt, Dr. T. J. Backus, A. D. 
Wheeloclr, J. W. Birkett. Ernst Natlian, John A. 
Nichols, David A. Baldwin, John G. Jenkins. 
W. B. Leonard, W. H. Hazzard, 1. M. Bon, J. A. 
Halton, Dr. C. N. Hoagland. E. M. Shepard. P. C. 
Greomg, Dr. S. Fleet Speir, T. H. Rodman, Gen- 
eral H. C. King, A. H. Osborn, Dr. G. R. Fowler. 
J. M. Van Cott, E. H. Hobbs, T. F. Jackson! 
C. H. Russell, C. A. Moore, A. J. Newton, N. J. 
Gates, Dr. B. Phillips, Dr. John Griffin, W. H. 
Bay, P. A. White, Henry Batterman- and N. T. 


The courses of the dinner were interspersed with 
selections of music by the 13th Regiment band, 
led by F. N. Innes. His cornet solos were ap- 
plauded. When the coffee was served Mayor 
Chapin opened the speech-making. 

The first toast to be responded to was ** The 
Day We Celebrate," and to this the Rev. Dr. 
Chamberlain was assigned. Secretary Tracy was 
called on for a speech, but only bowed his thanks. 
•* The United States of America" was next duly 
honored, while the Rev. Mr. McCarty answered 
for ** Washington." ** The State of New-York" 
came nex^ and then " The Press," responded to 
by Bernard Peters. Andrew McLean answered for 
•* Education" ; the Rev. Dr. Behrends replied to the 
toast ** The City of Brooklyn" ; St. Clair McKel- 
way to " The Learned Professions," while David 
A. Boody, who was down for the last toast on the 
list> answered for " The Commerce of Brooklyn." 




The rooms of th« Association of the Bar of the City 
of New-York, in West Twenty-nlnth-st, were filled to 
overflowing last evening on the occasion of the recep- 
tion given to the Justices of the Supreme Court of the 
United States. Of the Justices of that court three 
were present— Chief Justice Melville W. Fuller and 
Associate Justices Samuel Blatchford and Stephen J. 

Field. On their arrival they were escorted to the west 
library, where Joseph H. Choate, president of the club, 
the ex-presldent, William Allen Butler, James C. Car- 
ter and other members of the reception committee pre- 
sented the members of thie club and their guests to the 
Jurists. The entire building was thrown open for the 

An hour was occupied In Introducing those present 
to the visiting Judges, and then all marched in 
procession to the large hall in which' the club holds 
Its meetings, where the reception was continued amid 
feasting and the popping of champagne corks. Ex- 
Justice William Strong, formerly of the Supreme 
Court of the United States, stood beside the Justices 
of that tribunal now on tbie bench, and divided with 
them the honors of the occasion. 

Among those present were Justices Lawrence, 
Patterson and Lewis, of the New- York Supreme Court; 
Justices Ingraham, Fieedman and O'Gorman, of thJe 
Superior Court; Surrogate Ransom, Chief Justice 
McAdam, of the City Court; Judge Martlne: Judge 
Magle, of New-Jersey; Judges Noah Davis, John F. 
Dillon and Charles A. Peabody, Frederic R. Coudert, 
ex-Surrogate Daniel G. Rolllns,Hamllton Odell.Herbert 
R. Turner, Grover Cleveland, Senator Frank Illscock, 
Elihu Root, Elbrldge T. Gerry, Colonel Edward C. 
James, the Rev. Dr. Marvin R. Vincent. C. C. Bcaman, 
Charles W. Bangs, J. Arthur Barratt. Mortimer C. 
Addoms, Dwight Olmsted, Roswell D. Hatch, Assistant 
Dlstrlct-Attomey David J. Dean, Charles A. Gardiner, 
Cliflford A. Hand, Theron G. Strong, Artemas H. 
Holmes, Theodore W. Dwight, Generals James M. 
Vamum and Joeeph C. Jackson, Lucien Oudin, Wlllia**' 



B, Barnblonoi, Sl^lieii U. Olln, Franola [drode SKt- 
•on, oenai*! Uetury B. TramMn, Chulea U. Qk Cosu^ 
fiUM B. BniwDell, ChkrlM U. Butler, ex-Judce QUberl 
M. Spelt, Fndenok S. WUt, Edwftcd B. BapaUu, 
Aniten U. IToz, AuiiUii Ablrat^ Unltea HUlw DUtdct 
Attome; SUyban A. W>lker, John B. Fusons, ez- 
JudfB Wllllmm U. Ciio&te, Alboa P. Uui, Cephu 
Brunem, CharlM B. Alezuider, WlUUm Hliotiell am] 
Bmwt H. CnMbj. 

Lettoiv at renret wen reoelved Irom Mayor Qnn^ 
WllUtuu a WUine;, Bancroft Davis, Cbief JusUoa 
CharlBB U. Van Brunt aad JubUoo Moriaa J. O'Bilen, 
at the NeiT-YoTk Supreme Court; Jaage George M. 
Van Uoeeen, 01 the Court ol Camman fleas; Qovernor 





Tbe membera ol the Katlonal Provident ITnlon In- 
rlled tbelF Mends to an oniertalnnent given fast 
night at the Meiiopolltaa Opera Uouw In ocmunemo- 
[kUiHt ol the cenLennlal ol Waslilngton'a Inaufura- 
UoD. Ihe BOOiet; had held tiro previous 
latloos ol Washington's Inauguration 
The Opera House presented a g^ wpearanoe, the 
deooratluna used »t the Inauguration ball on Mouda; 
Bight temslnlng. About 2,000 persons were pies- 
•ut, and on the plallorm were Prestdaut Edwant O. 
Bragdon, ueorge U. Barnard, Qiand Begent ol the 
Bofal Aiiianum; Georgs U&rl, Urand Traasurer ol the 
AmpHfiiQ Legion ol Honor; K. M, 1-. Jihlers, tjirand 
_ ,. __. . ,. - Mew- i'ork and others. 

< oi>eiied tiy tab audience 
Biuiiiutf luu ^luuuuiu u;fUin "America," afler whicU 
President ilcaiidon Introduced Congieiismau William 
Warner, ol Kansati City, s£ chalrmau ul the meeilug. 
Congreabmuji \t ai-ner made a tiiiei addreiiii anu Intto- 
duced Uolud tiis-ies genaior John W. liaolel, ol Vir- 
ginia, as the oratoK 

beuiHur Uaulei was reoelved with loud applause. 
He reviewed at length the lauding and loau^rallon 
ol Washington la ilils cltr ; the dUucultles expertonoed 
In Iranilng the ConstiLutloo and Boleotlag a suitable 
Utle lor tOe Kzeoultve: the simpllolt;, grandeur and 
dignity ot Washlngtan^B oharaoter, and paid high 
tclbuCet to the ohoraoter ol hla advlsen, Adams, 
Knox, Steuben, BamUton and Chancellor Livingston. 
Ha saldi 

The wave of sennd or that inaniniratlon has not died, 
and a oennur anerward the voice ol the people, Crom the 
iWni ot the nn to the HttlU thereof cries out. "Long 
Uya Ilka memorr and God Ues* the name ol George 
Wuhlngtou.' Be pitied the poor, loved hi* comrades, 
bated a tTrnnl, he spoke iltUe, but thoosbt much, uved 
i... . — , ihlnped God. died In peace — -■ '■ '"" — ■"■* 

iBitihanti lormed a s 

toe the promo- 

te WOPldT" ' 
Kow.ToriL mi 

WaaUugtoa we __ 

tib^ busmeu of maklnf Prcsldeni 
Hev-Tork, and Mew-Yotk Is t 

loee ao^ admlrailon ol 

be ■tHrlnn. Old VHiMnls !■ Dot now muk- 
doDtB as she used to do. but 1 Uilnk, U 
I to Bs; It. that »hen we made Oeorne 

d Vice - 

to-day I 

(0 the square Toch h< 

oria. ai 

lent to the ability 
It. and oonrluded 
. . I WsshlnKton and 

intry be lounded, Tho pro- 
gramlne contained the name ol United States Senator 
Shelby M. Cullom, of Illinois, as one ol tbe speakers, 
but It was announced that the Senatur was unable to 
be ptCBeDt, onlne to sIclinoES. Tooal selections by 
Miss Emily Wlnant. Mrs. Qerrlt Bmlth. Miss Gertrude 
U Wood and F. F, Powers, and Inslrumental music 
by the New-York Philharmonic Club and Cappa's 7th 
Regiment Band, added to the entertainment. 




The first dinner ol the ep an l»h- American Commerolal 

rro/im was ealeo last night In tlie flag-bedecked ball 

room ol the Hotel Bniaswlck. This U 

engaged In trade with Oil _ 

the members were present last night. „ ^^.^ 

tlons at Issue were inlormallr discussed. John W, 
Noble, Beorelary ol the Interior, was the only mem- 
ber of the Cabinet who was present. President Hairl- 
— t.j V — ■ — ■.-J ,..,. — . yjijj lether ol regret: 

son had been Invited, I 

Executive Mansion, 
Washington, April a lS8fi. 
S. PEREZ TIRANA, Corrospondlng Secretary, Nev^ 
York Cltr. 
My Dear 8U: I have your letter of the Sth Inst., 
asking me to be present at a publlo dinner to be 

in New- York on the aSth and 30th o( April, and con- 
sidering the present condition ol the public busineu 
it would be impossible tor me to prolong; my stay 
than the fwo days named. 1 have aLnady 

tlie objects fur 

1 sympathy i 

s lormed and regret that it will n 


. . accept your kind invitation. ._ 

truly yours, BENJAMIN HAKRIgON. 

Other lettM« ol regret were read from VIoe-PresMant 
Morton, Secretary Wlndom, Postmoater-General Wana- 
maker and others. Ur. Blaine had mailed a l«tnt 
ot regret to tbe Onkm, but It had not been reoelveO. 
Among those present were Colonel William L. Strong. 
W. E. Curtis Thomas J. Jarvls, Robert Adams, Jr., 
L M. Hurtado, John W. Foaler, et«phwi PreatOD, 
Saoietary Noble, Warner Miller, G, de WeokherUn, 
Horace OUEman, Fernanda Concha, F. O. Pierre, C. 
N. BllBB, W. W. Watrous K, A. C. Smith, Dr. tulg 
A. Barrett. B, Navarro. S. O, Livingston. Edward L. 
Bartlett, D, A. de Luna, E. B. Barllett, Justus L. 
Bulkley, General John Newton, Clarenoe Crelghton, 
W. D, GutHrle, 8. Percy Triana, F, E. Alvary, Qeorge 
"" " — Kobert Hewitt, Henry C. Wells, George P. 
A. Buell, F. E. CMda C. J. Canda, E. 


Boardsman, Oswald Jlmlnes, F. J^. Booth. J, Clark 
Curteii, C. K. Jordan, C. 8. Langdon, A. H. Smith, 
Wmiam E. Peck, Charles H, Reaua, J. W. Nagle, J. 
E. Rsprlella, J. M. Munes, John B, Woodward, W. 
H. T, Hughes, William P. Clyde, C. C. Shayne, H. 
O. Armour, H. K.. Thurber, Erastus Wlmon, Jolin F. 
Plummer, Edward Gogorsa, A. S. Roe, Charles B. 
Flint, C. H. Lorlng, TJ. 8. N.; Richard Polllon, General 
Beorge S. Field, J. Beaver Page, C. J. Eerwlnd, F. W. 
}. Hurst, Thomas J. Hsyword, ol Baltimore ; John P. 
Gibbons, of Baltimore ; Thomas T. Klrkwood, ol 
Ctdcago; Auguetus D. Sheppard, H. Q. Buokle and 
W. T. Johnson. 


Pieeident J. Id. CebaJlos oreslded. An elaborate 
menu was served, alter which this speakers were intro- 
duced, and (or some time Oie guests enjoyed, an In- 
tellectual treat In whloh some enlightenment wns given 
nn the poinlB most Interesting to those preeeni: Seore- 
bary Noble was the first speaker, answering to " The 
Dnlted States." He was lieouently Inlmrrupted by ap- 
^Buse and at the end was loudly cheered. He said m 

r encouragement to ttua estabUsh.- 
9hoald establish rsjiift, 
communication betwaan 
untry south ol us. We 
~ the trade that Is only 

We sJiould give . . 

[nent of steamship 1 

aale and trustworthy 

I ihls country and the 

I nust have means ol [, „ . . ,_„ 

' mdHng for us to develop It, For tlitee dMs I have 
been looking upon the gireatest speetaole Uutf aver waa 
Snown In the history of the world. I don't tUnk u 
much of the irreat naval demonatratlon. nor do I care to 
ilw^l upon the great military pantde ol the day follow- 
ing, but I am convinced tiiat yi — '— " ■^-* ' 

(hat I do c "-- ■"-- '—■ - 

the greaMat of aU the mainJfleeai 

uray of workmen who pbgs<h1 before you to-day. 
Arsi two are mere InoidentB In tbe protection oL _ 
' ' the vast Influenoa 

. . . lentB In tbe protection ot t 

latter, i ciuinoi point out to yoi ' ' " 

that yotu' hralna and eiwrgy can h , _._ 

•t Uiat great body ol workers. It lemMUi wiOi yon to 
develop that trade with the Southern p«rt of the Aioeri- 

IS ol the South! oaont 

the avenue that Connects one nw 
BJt you have only got in the t 


•ad of tLe voiee. The extent ol the territory of 
BiwU can ECBTcely be oomxii-eUendbil, azui she hits 
Hverm Ikrger than duf own Mississippi. Her mines 
havB ft wealtb tax In exoeaa o( those at our own 
oouDtzT, and heF ntllioxls are rapidly extending to the 
great mountalna. It 1b only a question of time, a 
sbort Ume, whei the; vlU onna them. In Peru, Chill 
■ml ttie ottder nations the; are already advancing; for 
on the hlKhways of commerce. They expect that you 
wUl mMt them aa eqnalg. They want you to under. 
Btand that their Governmenta are organUed, >nd that 
their people are parrloUo, and that yoii should deal 
with tbbm as nations shonld deal with eaoh other. 
It li a happy union, this meeting of db togethsF. The 

of South America, and It re 

o DiafiB Ihi 


Johta W. Foster, eX'IUInlster to Spain, was the next 
ipeafaer. He behl that proteotlon was the best 
poUoy for thlB Government, and thai It the tariff 
system was to be maintained It should be exercised 
for the furtlierdiaoe of our forel^ commeKe In Cen- 
tral and South American countries. He believed In 
reciprocal treaties with these countries, and thUught 
tliBt American steamship companies should be Bub- 
Etdlied by the Government. 

HI Ulster Bleph*!n Preston, oC Haytl, made some 
ffMlsral remarks !□ French about methods for Incresslng 
trade between the American Nations. " The SpanlBh- 
Anertean Commercial Union" was the toast responded 
to by F. G. Plorra, secretHiT ot the union. He spoie 
tot the asaoclaUon. telllnR of Its alms, whloh are oloser 
•ommewlal ralatlons between South America and the 

United etatea. 

Warner Miller responded to " The Union ot the 
AtlantlO and Pacldc." He was received with much 
enthusiasm. He said that he had never tailed to do 
all In his power to bring about reciprocity betweon 
the United Stales and the Nations ot the Bouth. The 
Maooladon had done well, he ssiC tc put "Spanish" 
Unt In tta name, and explained that the Spaniards bad 
Mfanlzed goyemmenta In South America belbre the 
United States threw olt the shac&Ies ot monarcbit ..'. 
nitet. Now both Americas had given Europe to nnder- 
Etand that Xmerioa waa for Americans. ■"-'- — 

■rood would accrue to both sections of the 
the nicaracua Canal scheme were carried through. 
There should be no difficulty In accomplishing this 
Improvement, and he announced thai, to his mind, (he 
bulldlnE of such ■ canal would be worth more toward 
the re.eatahllshment ot toe Amcrloan merchant marin 
and consequent closer relations with Bouth Americ 
than SIO.OOO.OOO annually paid by this GnvenimeiU) 

WlUtam K Curtis was the next speaker, respond- 
InE to " Our Manufacturing Industries." 

Ez-Fresldent Hayes and wife and the Commlastonera 
representing the State of Ohio at the Centennial Cele- 
bration, wei« tendered a reeeptlou lost night by Mr. 
and Mrs. W. H. Caldwell^ at their home No. 5 West 
One-hundrvd-and-twenly-thlFd-Bt The reception was 
given In tbe name of ihe Ohio Society, o( which 
most of those who were present were members, and 
was Informal In character. To graet thoir guests Mrs. 
Cablwell had Invited Wager Swayna. Jr., of the New- 
York branch of the Ohio Society ; Mr. and Mrs, Carson 
I.ake, C. C. Shayne and wlte, Mr. and Mrs. M. P. 
Pelxotto George s. Pelxotto, Mr. and Mrs. Marvin F. 
Wooa, Mr. and Mre. L. S. Howarfl, Franh Ilardv, Cap- 
tain H. A. QlaEsford. General Thomas Ewing, Capt^n 
Weatervest, and James S. Burdett, thB humorist. Out 
ot respect to Mrs. Hayes no wine was served at the 
luncheon. Mr. Caldwell made a brief speech on behalf 
of tbe Ohn Society, New-York Branch, and ei- 
PMHldent Hayes CMponded. Among Ihe other guests 
ware General Asa H. Busbnell and »on. of Sprinedeld, 
Ohio; Adlulant-Qenersl AxllnO. of Ohio: Colonels 

BhlraKl and Wilson, " ' ' — * ■■• — 

- ■ nel Pros- " 
t NelL 




When Chancellor LivingBton, plftclng one hand 
on the iftlllug of the balcony at the old Federal 
Halt, and lifting the other high above him, railed 
out to the multitudes in the 6treet.a below, " Long 
li^e George Washington, President of the United 
StatesI"— a long, grand shout arose from ten 
thousand patriode throats and tlie first aot ot 
National Government fn America was aocomplished. 
All day long tbe people gave expression to their 
rejoicings. All day long hands played and soldiers 
[taraded, cannon boomed and hells pealed Joyously. 
All day long men shook each other's hands and 
pledged their loyal faith to tite new Constitution 
end to the noble man, foremost among them all, 
whom with one TDioe tbe whole land had ohosen 
as ltd first Executive. 

But there were many in the multitude and many 
throughout tbe now united country whoee f&ocs 
wore an anxious and ominous aspeot,. and who 
shook their heads doubtfully. They had pesaed 
throngh six stormy years since their beaten toes 
had Qed, and in the events that had preceded this 
day of grand and portentous oeiemony they had 
percdyed little of glory and less of promise and 
hope. Nor were they certain now whether the 
words Livingston had spolcen were words ot 111 or 
happy omen. The Constitution had not been 
adopted without a mighty struggle. Arrayed 
against It in every State was a powtrtul opposi- 
tion whose patriotism and sincerity were beyond 
all question. Governor Clinton In New-Tork; 
Patrick Henry and Bichaid Henry Iiee In VtrginiB ; 
Elbridge Gerry In Massachusetts; Sumter and 
Borhe In Soutli Carolina ; Whitehill and Pindley 
in Pennsylvania ; Wadsworth in Connecticut ; 
AtieMon in New-Hampshire, and Chase, Uereer 
and Martin in Maryland, were some of tbe valiant 
and earnest men who liad freely offered their lives 
for their country's defence, but who stood out in 
violent hostility to the National scheme of the 
Constitution. They were not impressed with tbe 
diBasters that had come npon the land In the eSort 
to preserve harmony among thirteen separate 
sovereignties or else they ascribed such evils as 
they were compelled to acknowledge to other 
causes than the feebleness of the central authority. 

It Is not heie intended to go into the philosophy 
of the situation which finally resulted la the 
triumph of tho Federalists, and yet It would be a 
poor account ot the events now about to be cele- 
brated whloh tailed to attribute them to the 
common sense ot the common people. Those were 
days in which the common people were held In 
^nall esteran, and nothing is more remarkable 



than the part they took in the establishment of 
the Government. The war had entailed sacrifices 
which even the lowliest of them sorely felt, and 
they were bound not to lose by internal dissen- 
sions and jealousies the prize they had so hardly 
won. They were sensitive to the sneers and 
prophecies of their enemies who, failing to sub- 
due them, were waiting gleefully expectant of the 
reign of discord. They were not long in per- 
ceiving that anarchy was the inevitable end of a 
government which was without inherent au- 
thority, which rendered the greater dependent 
upon the less, which possessed no function nor 
the right to create one, which resolved in blind- 
ness and decreed in impotenca 

Their Congress, whose early achievements were 
BO magnificent^ the Congress that, coming to- 
gether as a sort of colonial conference, had seized 
the sovereign power, had raised and equipped 
armies, had launched navies upon the sea, had 
commissioned generals, had sent out ambassadors, 
had entered into treaties, had proclaimed inde- 
pendence, had formed international alliances, had 
contracted debts and levied taxes, and, perform- 
ing all the highest offices of supreme power, had 
brought the war to a successful end, was now 
fallen into pitiful contempt. All its glorious deeds 
were forgotten. It had not so much as a home; 
kicked aboat from post to pillar, its authority 
defied, its promises laughed at^ its recommenda- 
tions ignored, it had become the butt of ridicule 
and the object of National disgust. The country 
was oppressed with a debt for which provision 
was neither made nor possible. The States were 
violating treaties to which the whole Nation was 
committed. Bebellions were breaking out here 
and there, which no authority was competent to 
subdue. Issues of paper money were making 
havoc with commerce. There was no security 
agaiast foreign invasion, no power to prevent any 
of the States from provoking war vrith other 
Powers, or with each other, no right to establish 
a tcoiff, to collect taxes, to declare war, to conduct 
a defence, or to do any other act that rendered 
the States liable in common for consequences im- 
portant to all. The very sovereignties for which 
the people had spilled their blood and spent their 
treasure were become the rock upon which all 
their hopes, all their ambitions, were being slowly 

To such men as Washington, Franklin, Hamil- 
ton, Adams aud Madison this condition of affairs 
was unendurable. The Articles of Confederation 
were formed in 1777, and were entirely sufficient 
so long as the parties to them had but a single 
end, and that a common one— the destruction of a 
common enemy and the wresting from him of a 
coiumon concession. But, that end accomplished, 
their paths diverged, their interests conflicted, and 
each State, jealous of its own rights, anxious for 
its own prosperity, regarded with undisguised 
gugpiclon all schemes of union that denied it an 
unqualified veto of whatever legislation it might 
deem objectionable. They did not deny that State 
sovereignty permitted to the edicts of Congress 
no greater value than attached to recommenda- 
tfonq.^. When tpJ(J that a strong central Govern- 

ment was impossible under such a conception of 
State rights, they serenely made answer that a 
strong central Government was precisely what 
they did not want. When warned that their plan 
gave. Congress no power over war or peace, they 
promptly replied that they did not wish to be 
dragged into war against their will, nor to be 
forced to smother their just resentment, because 
other States were not aggrieved. There was no 
way to argue with men who only asked to be let 
alone. Franklin, who first proposed the project 
of colonial union, and who, now an octogenarian, 
held the office of President of Pennsylvania, was 
in utter despair. Washington, retired to his be- 
loved Mount Vernon, was writing letters to Hamil- 
ton, Knox and Lafayette, full of grief and mis- 

At last^ when every State in its turn had hu- 
miliated Congress, when New- York, repealing its 
former act granting the revenues of Its port to 
the United States, now set up a Custom House 
and established a tariff of its own, when an open 
rebellion broke out in Massachusetts, when Ver- 
mont and New-Hampshire prepared to engage each 
other in battle over a disputed boundary, when 
the resoorces of the Federal treasury were to be 
expressed in pennies, and its debts in millions of 
dollars, when the Army began to show signs of 
mutiny, when paper money issued by all the States 
began to be valued at so much the pound, when 
internal commerce, fettered by all kinds of ex- 
actions, had dwindled away— at last the people 
began to appreciate what the matter was. The 
brilliant leaders of Federalist opinion became ag- 
gresoive, and boldly proclaimed that State sover- 
eignty was a dismal fetich. Hamilton revived his 
scheme for a Constitutional Convention, first 
drafted in 1783, and then abandoned for want of 
support. State after State declared in favor of 
Virginia's call for a conference, and in the flowery 

month of May, 1 787, a body of the most Illustrious 
men of the Nation, men who had served in Con- 
gress and on the battlefield, whose talents were 
conceded, and whose character was established, 
representing eleven of the thirteen warring sov- 
ereignties, came together in Philadelphia, charged 
to frame a Constitution under which it should be 
possible to give republican and confederated gov- 
ernment a fair and honest trial. 

Upon all questions relating to the Executive— 
of how many persons it should consist, how It 
should be selected, how long it should hold office, 
with what powers it should be endowed— the Con- 
vention was In the nature of things foredoomed 
to the liveliest kind of debate. But there were 
certain men present who knew that if this con. 
ventdon failed to accomplish the work it had been 
sent to do no other would be possible, and union 
would be out of the question. There were the 
greatest men there— Franklin, Washington, Ham- 
ilton, Madison— and they never once permitted 
the Convention to go in its disputes beyond the 
point from which the voice of conciliation and 
concession could not recall it. 

Washington's words in the Convention were 
lew, always spoken at critical moments, always 
and instantly effective. He had now reached the 




point in his career when his countrymen could see 
nothing in him that was not beautiful and good, 
when his personal enemies had all dropped into 
merited obscurity or had obeyed the promptings 
of their better nature and acknowledged his purity 
and wisdom. He bore himself in this supreme 
eminence with that same dignity, that same no- 
bility and generosity of soul, that same unyield- 
Ing devotion to his sense of duty which he had 
shown throughout the war. These qualities had 
rendered him in danger always resolute and calm ; 
in defeat still hopeful and ever ready; superior 
tx> jealousies and bickerings; never resentful, and 
when victory came, modest and grateful to Heaven 
and to his generous country. Washington's great- 
ness was not merely nor chiefly the greatness 
of a resourceful intellect. It was in the highest 
sense the greatness of a soul that knew no petty 
selfishness, but that, given over to the service 
of his country, was ever just, slow to think ill 
of any one, quick to forgive, utterly unbending 
from its exalted conception of the right and 
tireless in its pursuit of what it esteemed good 
for the common welfare. This was the opinion 
ontertained of him by his contemporaries left for 
our information upon a thousand records. It 
explains tht remarkable position he held in this 
historic assembly, It explains how, divided in all 
else, no one of his 3,000,000 countrymen so much 
as thought of any other Chief Magistrate. It is 
the necessary conclusion from all he said and did 
and it remains, as it will remain forever, the 
judgment ot all the world. 

Several of the strongest men in the Convention 
were opposed to Wilson's motion in favor of a 
single Executive. Eandolph declared that '* unity 
In the Executive is the foetus of monarchy," 
and wanted an executive board composed of three 
members from each of three divisions of the 
country, geographically described. Sherman 
agreed with Wilson, but suggested a council which 
should have both restraining and coercive powers 
over the Executive. Wilson protested that coun- 
cils of this sort " oftener covered venal practices 
than prevented them," and on June 4 his motion 
prevailed* seven States sustaining it against Dela- 
ware, Maryland and New-York. This vote was 
never reconsidered. In the meanwhile the Execu. 
tivc powers had been defined* though somewhat 
vaguely. He was authorized to " carry into ef- 
fect all National laws and to appoint to all offices 
not otherwise provided for." 

Gouverneui.* Morris, one of the most accomplished 
of the Convention's literary men, revised the 
draft of the Constitution, being one of a committee 
of five to whom that honorable labor was confined. 
Their report underwent some further revision, and 
then, on September 15, the question came up upon 
its adoption as a whole. It was plain that a ma- 
jority in each delegation were in favor of adopt- 
ing it, but several important members expressed 
dissatisfaction and moved that it be sent to 
the States for such suggestions as they might 
wish to make aoid then referred to another gen- 
eral convention. Gerry, of Massachusetts, and 
Bandolph and Mason, of Virginia, were the prin- 

cipal malcontents. Mason, who had done so much 
to make it a wise and noble document^ still saw 
behind It Llit> grim shadow of a throne. Grerry*B 
objections were numerous and trivial, but to his 
mind insuperable. Bandolph, jealous of Madison, 
would neither candidly oppose nor openly favor, 
but endeavored to dodge. The States, however j 
negatived Gerry's motion for a new conventioia 
unanimously and then as unanimously adopted 
the Constitution as reported. For various acci- 
dental causes, several of the delegates were denied 
the precious boon of placing their signatures under 
it, but only these three, Gerry, Bandolph and 
Mjason, positively refused to sign. 

Washington, full of happiness, lost no time in 

transmitting to Congress his report as Pr«rident 
of ilie Convention, together with a copy of the 
Constitution, and Congress promply sent it to 
the State Legislatures requesting that they summon 
conventions of the people to act upon it. The 
opposition to it was centred in Virginia, New- 
York and Massachusetts, and its most dangerous 
foes were Patrick Henry, Governor Clinton and 
Eibridge Gerry. It had been ordered by Con- 
gress tliat upon its adoption by nine States its 
provisions should go into operation, and the 
National Government should supersede the Con- 
federacy. By the first of December Delaware's 
convention was in session, and on December 3 
it had unanimously adopted the Constitution. 
Ten days later Pennsylvania, by a vote of 46 to 
23, joined hands with Delaware, and in another 
week New-Jersey had also given a unanimous 
and favorable verdict. Georgia celebrated the 
new year by giving another unanimous vote in 
favor of the new charter of government, and 
Connecticut presently, by 128 against 40, came 
Into line. The obstructionists had succeeded in 
working up a powerful party by this time and 
the progress of the country toward National 
Government was attended with enormous diffi- 
culties everywhere. All kinds of Ingenious sug- 
gestions were made to defeat the Constitution, but 
its friends kept constantly before the public 
mind the alternatives— this or anarchy— and one 
after another the States fell into line. 

The battle in Massachusetts went nobly, and 
lost none of its bitterness because Gerry was 
disastrously beaten in his race for a seat in 
the State Convention. Jolin Hancock and Samuel 
Adams iubored like Trojans in behalf of union, 
but when the Convention met in February the 
i'ederalists weco in a minority. To their infinite 
tact, discretion and patience not less than to 
their logic was their victory due. They invited 
Cierry upon the floor and greatly mollified him. 
They explained and conceded. They showed that 
tlie Constitution had itself provided for an 
orderly method of amendment, and, by agreeing 
to recommend to the first Congress several addi- 
tional articles in the nature of a bill of rights, 
they prevailed, and Massachusetts, by the safer 
but scant majority of 187 to 168, declared for 
union. Quickly, though not without conflict, 
Maryland and South Carolina cast their lots with 
the Constitution. In the former State, out of 
seventy-five delegates, but twelve were willing to 
go on the record against the Constitution, and the 
adopting vote of South Carolina was 149 to 73. 
The personal influence of that grand character 
John Butledge was supreme in South Carolina. 

Eight States had now declared in favor of the 
Constitution, and but one more was needed to 
enable the new Government to organize. All 
eyes were turned upon New-Hampshire and Vip- 
gima. Tlieir conventions both met in June. 
In Virginia the opposition was more ably led than 
anywhere else. Washington, whose words had 
been quoted as of the highest authority in every 

convention, and who was now openly referred* 

• • ^ !• •• 

• t ••• V V^**^ 



to eveiywbere as llie flcBt President, labored with 
the greatcstj diliaenoe, but witli all that consider- 
Htioa tot the feelLags of tbose wliu differed witli 
lilm tor which he was distinguished, and no one 
cun doubt that his voice meant mote to the Vir- 
^nlana than the voices of all the rest combined. 
But Uenry, more eloquent, more dasMng, more 
brilllaitt than ever, cut and slashed at the 
Consdtutlon as if it had been anotbec Stamp 
Act. Iiee was subtler ia his work, and a large 
part ol liie opposiUon was of his creation. Mason, 
whose posltJon IB simply inexplicable, labored 
zealously to demolish the superb structure he 
had bad such a large and honorable part in build- 
ing. Bandolph, however, began ngaia to veer 
around. The Governor was now at the very 
hetebt of his popularity and Influence, hand^-ome, 
genial, magnetic. He came home from Phila- 
delphia opposed to the Constitution, and ugly 
ttj'wiird Muilisun, but Madison soon brought him 
•round to the Constitution. Monroe had attached 
himself to the opposition, and was worltin^ dili- 
KCntJy, as he called it, " to defend the liberty 
of the people." Monroe had read law under 
Jefferson. Few men came from under the in- 
fluence of tliat intense democrat favorably dis- 
ixiseii toward a strong government. 

When the State ConventJon met, Henry at 
<»(« charged full tilt at the Constitutioa. Ue 
diNhevied It mercilessly. Ue tote it to shreds. 
With bin pitiless cynicism he proved in one breath 
that It was a uieaniuglesH array of empty words, 
mnd in the next that it would be sure to prove 
M the tyrant's ^teway to despotic power. Mndi- 
•«n's sperclies in reply are marvels of logic and 
du-j ueuce, and among thu ablest expositions 
of tho Cunmltutlon in exliitence. Henry went 
•o (ar as to ikeUtte thnt, old a;i he was, he might 
yet draw down liimself the appellation of rebel, 
whereupon a delegate slenilicaatly hinted that 
the new Coniidtutiau had not omitted to define 
the Clime of treason. Henry's better nature, 
howtvn, wliich was always very near the sur- 
face, and sure to break forth sooner or later, ■was 
[V'll'iufKlIy touched by tlie question oI Innca : 
'*Tti« igftntiamua eays he E!«aks as a Virginian. 
Ut, we tiave heard much from him ot Virginia, 
twr needs and wishes, and God knows none has 
ft Mater ilglit to siieak tor her than he. But i 
I well recall the moment when he opened the I 
drill assembly of the States ever brought together I 
with ttiu pruphctlo words, ' I am not a Virginian— 
1 ma an Auicrluao.' tiir, the time has not gone I 
tit wli«n wo love to hear his eloquent voice 
*ot*k)nic foe us as Americans. Was it as a 
VlricJrilun or us an American that he warned the 
lyjHi>t king to beware ot the fate of Caesar and 
(ft (Jluirle* ? Was it as a Virginian or as an 
Attit^rlisan tliat he cried in tones that rang out 
Iti/iii Mtuwachu setts Bay to Gieorgia, ' I know 
tu/l wluil course others may take, but as for 
oiR, give mc liberty or give me deathl'" The 
noble Miul of Henry was not proof against sucli 
li(iiwals as this. ITo was profoundly touched. 
" if I am In the minority," ho said, " my head, 
mr luiiirt and my hand will still think and beat 
»riil (1(1 for my country." And then the vote was 
tabnij, and by 80 to 79 the convention declared 
for the Co[iHtitution and the Union. Monroe 
Monifitly wrote tji Jefferson, " Be assured, Wash- 
ingUiu's liilluenco carried the day." Madison had 
tunilly liciJcd thnt to Virginia might £al] the 

the oonvenUou nt Richmond had come to a vot«, 
HeW'llanjpshlre had spoken the words that made 
ft unlte<l Nation of a none too harmonious sister- 

Congro-'S acted at once upon receiving the 
fcfflcliil Intelligence of what the States had done, 
»nd a resolution was passed appointing the first 
Wednesday of January as the time for the elco- 
*toj7 of tbe new Congress, and of the Electoral 
Coltf^; tbe SfB^ WeOneBtlay ot February for 

the College to meet and choose the new Execntaye^ 

and the first Wednesday of March as the tame 
and New-York City as the place for the meeting 
of Congress and the inauguration of the first 

In the meantime New-York had spoken, Clin- 
ton, in transmitting to the Legislature ot 1788 > 
copy of the Constitution, was grimly silent. Ho 
had nothing to recommend. The Legislature 
waited three weeks, bat no word coming from the 
Governor, Egbert Benson moved that a Convention 
Immediately the Governor's strong 
*-'- — ^d a formidable opposi- 

lilent hand was felt 

tion sprang up. Benson's motion prevailed 
House by but two votes, and in the Senate 


by but two votes, and in the Senate by 
i, and in spite of all the Nationalists could 
do the meeting of the Convention was delayed 
until June 17, when, it was thought, the Vir- 
ginia opposition would Iiave eHected its purposei 
Hamilton had not been idle a moment since ho 
left Philadelphia. With Jay and the tireless 
Madison, he had issued a series of papers over 
the signature ot " The Federahst,' explaining the 
need of a central and supreme National Govern- 
, ment, commenting upon the Constitution and mak- 
ing its eKoelleucies cli^ar. These papers had 
I exerted a profound Influence for, the National 
I couse in every State, but in New-York they had 
I built np a sentiment wliich Clinton did not dare 
. ignore. In New-York City they had practically 
I solidified public opinion, and Clinton feared, with 
only too much reason, that if the Convention 
should reiect the Constitution the lower part ot 
tbe Stat* would secede and leave him with but 
a barren victory. He was made president of tho 
Convention, and to Yates, Lansing, Samuel Jones, 
the leader of the New-York bar, and Melancthon 
' Smith was committed the task of leading the 
, opposition on the floor. Jay, Secretary ot State 
under the Confederacy; Robert R Livingston, 
Chancellor of New- York; Chlel-Justice Morris of 
the Supreme Court, Duane and Hamilton were 
] the Federal leaders. 

Livingston opened the debate In an address of 

aimed at Hamilton, and the great Federalist at 
once replied. Hamilton was now thirty-one years 
old, and his splendid genius had madp him the 
glory ot his city, its pride and its hope. His 
address was in every way admirable, lie 
delivered it under nnfavorlng conditions. He was 
almost ill, and the House he talked to was 
hostile and sullen. But he cared for none of 
this. He began vrith a panegyric upon liberty. 
Then he showed how easily and naturally the 
States had grown apprehensive ot authority and 
jtalous of the freedom they had achieved at so 
great a sacrifice. But he explained the 
necessity ot a Government capable of reducing 
irregular and local propensities into a permanent 
and National system. lie analyzed the Constitu- 
tion, and, without wasting his resources in rhe- 
torical Sourishes, he then and there, before the 
eyca of his audience, set in motion the simple and 
powerful engine ot government he had hdped to 
construct and pointed out its perfections. The 
Convention vras In session for more than a month. 
New-Hampshire and Virginia bad each declared 
for union, New-York City was wild with Im- 

Satlence, and Clinton's resolution began to fail 
im. At last, upon Hamilton's consenting to join 
him In recommending to the States anoUier Na- 
tional Convention, he withdrew a measure of his 
opposildon, and, by a vote of thirty to twpnty-five, 
the Constitution was Kdonted. This result ended 
all further protest throujchout the country. New- 
York City indulged itself in a demonstration in 
honor ot Hamilton, in which its foremost oitliens 
took part. It marched in ten divisions, and in it,9 
ranks were sueb men as John Lawrence, Eobcrt 
Troup, Npah Webster, the iBiicographet j Josifth 
Ogden Hoffmnn, John Broome and William LalghC 
iumllton's day of supreme triumph had oome. 







In 1789 Manhattan Island beyond Chambers- 
st., onwaid to the Bronx, was little else than a 
wilderness. Between Chambers-st. and the Bat- 
tery, and from river to river, as many as 25,000 
people lived and toiled and warred together. 
James Duane, who was not unwilling to have 
people believe that an ancestor of his was called 
by the tongue-stirring name of O'Dubhaine, and, 
as the King of Meath, personally cut of! the heads 
of all the rest of the kings in Ireland— James 
Duane was Mayor. He was rich, renowned as a 
lawyer, with a fine record behind him and a useful 
future before him. The city was divided into 
wards, not numbered, but named. The South 
Ward extended from the Battery along the Hud- 
son to Wall-st., the dividing line between it and 
the Dock Ward, which ran along the East Eiver 
to Hanover Squore, being Broad-st. The West 
Ward included all the city west of Broadway, from 
Wall-Bt. to Chambers-st. The North Ward lay 
east of Broadway, west of William-st. and north 
of Wall, and ran up to the fresh water pond called 
the Collect, which, clear, deep and pure, covered 
several acres of ground where the Tombs Prison 
now stands and supplied the city with water 
pumped from the famous Tea-Water Pump, that 
stood nut far from the spot where Boosevelt-st. 
tuns into Chatham. The East Ward included 
Hanover Square* and ran north to Crown-st., 
which wo prefer to call Idberty-st. now, and Mont- 
gomeries Ward, bounded by William-st. on the 
west and by the river on the east, ran north to 
Boosevelt-st. and the Tea-Water Pump. All that 
part of the city beyond the Tea-Water Pump was 
described under the general name of Out Ward. 
What is Pearl-st. now was Que^n-st. then, at 
least until it ran into Hanover Square. Below 
the square the people of that day called it Dock- 
et., only that single block which fronted on the 
Battery being known by the name that is given 
to-day to the entire length of that ancient thor- 
oughfare. In the old Dutch times it was a cow- 
path leading out from the city wall still called 
to mind by the name of that narrow length of 
street which now contains many of the strongest 
financial institutions of the world. The cows of 
our Dutch fathers laid out Pearl-st. on their way 
to Beekman's Meadows, below the Collect Pond, 
where they had their pasturage, and they took 
this circular route to escape the big hills that rose 
on either side of the depression still known as 
* The Swamp." The most northerly of these ele- 
vations was just above Frankfortxt., and until the 
beginning of the present century, when it began 
to be levelled, it was called Cow Foot Hill. 

A ramble of less than four miles in 1789 would 
take one aiound the entire circumference of the 
fA%Jt which^ran along the Hudson for less than one 

mile and along tlie East River less than two. 
The residents in Broadway and in Queen-st. had 
gardem. extending to the water-fronts, where 
many of them kept private docks, and where quite 
a fleet of cat-boats could be seen floatiuij at an- 
chor or drawn up on the shore. Broadway and 
Wall-st. were the chief centres of wealth and 
fashion, though the founders of houses whose de- 
scendcnts are to-day conspicuous among the leaders 
of New-York society then lived, usually over their 
places of business, in the little side streets around 
Hanover Square. The Livingston house were in 
Wall-st, where Alexander Hamilton, Robert 
Troup, Daniel C. Verplanck, Nicholas Low and 
the Bleeck^rs also had their homes. Nicholas 
Cruger lived in Duke-st., now part of Stone, a 
five-minute walk from his great wharves. The 
Bownes and the Brevoorts, Samuel Franklin, who 
gave his name to Franklin Square, Robert Lenox, 
Robert G. Livingston, Effingham Lawrence, John 
Murray, jr., and Colonel Scriba all lived in Queen- 
st. The Brooroes and the Barclays, old Peter 
Goelet and George McEvers largely monopolized 
Hanover Square. Tht; Rhinelanderb lived in 
Water-st. Aaron Burr, thirty-three years old, a 
colonel, the Inspector-General of New-York, and 
about to become a United States Senator, was 
practising Liw at No. 10 Little Queen-st., now 
known as Cedar-st. Already he and Hamilton 
were rivals at the bar, and already he had estab- 
lished a reputation for exalted talents and un- 
fathomable meanness. Rufus King, younger even 
than Burr, was li'^ing at Maiden Lane and Will- 
iam-st., with his father-in-law, John Alsop. His 
bride, one of the most beautiful women of the 
epoch, dark, tall and graceful, equipped with an 
education altogether unusual and native accom- 
plishments of a high order, received much at- 
tention, and was honored with singular marks of 
Lady Washington's regard. Colonel Duer, soon 
to be Hamilton's Assistant Secretary of the Treas- 
ury, a native Englishman, a favorite of Lord 
Clivc in India, but, from his earliest residence in 
America a warm and true-hearted patriot, lived 
with his homely but brilliant wife, the Lady 
Mtty, in Broadway, just opposite St. Paul's. 
Lady Kitty Duer was the daughter of Lord Stir- 
ling. She and her sister. Lady Mary Watts, were 
cousins of Mrs. Jay, who was a Livingston. Chan- 
cellor Livingston's home was at No. 51 Queen-st.^ 
and it was the centre of the most dehghtful 
social circle in the city. His wonderful mother 
and his superb sisters entertained here with the 
largest sort of Uberiaity. Their drawing-rcom 
was fiUed almost nightly with literary and artistio 
people. In the ordinary sense of the term, It was 
not an ** exclusive" drawing-room. It was open 
to all whose ability and character had been 

Grerard Beekman was back in his magnificent 
home in Hanover Square, from which the British 
had so long exiled him, where Admiral Digby had 
lived in almost royal state and had entertained 
youthful Majesty. Here Prince William, on a 
visit to the King's American dominions, had danoed 
minuets with a certain sweet little Tory maiden 
whose portrait, probably in a^ grandame!§ ^tap, 

J ^ «^ J ^ ^ _** 



the present De Peysters may be able to show you, 
to whom he lost his royal heart and from whom 
the discreet old admiral bore him away in a hurry. 
In Wall-st. Mr. and Mrs. Jay entertained lavishly 
and with much of the ceremony they had ac- 
quired from long oiBcial residences in Psris and 
Madrid. Not t&r from them lived the Secretary 
of War, Greneral Knox, in one of the largest and 
handsomest of houses, where, with the charming 
wife he had captured from a Tory home, he enter- 
tained monilleently spon the fortune acquired 
before he left the counting-room for the camp. 
Across the street from the War Secretary's house 
was anotlier, searoe^y leas conspicuous in the 
fsshionable world, where Sir John and Lady 
Temple gkx^ brilliant dinners twice a month and 
reeeiT^ evenr Tuesday from October until Ijeat. 
Lmdj Temple was the dau^ter of Governor 
BowdoftB, of Masaaehnaettsw In Kip-at, the 
Xaasa msl k of to-day, and just beyond King-st^, 

we now eall Pine^ lived the Mayor, Mr. 

in gnat state and afBuenee. His wif^ was 
a liriat^staB, and a woman of rare social talent. 
KIcknid Tai^ek. for thirty years Becorder of the 
cqr, wtth his wife, formerly Miss Hooeevelt^ 
Ir-red in Doec-cL. below Hanover Square. 

cf &e ftoest bouses of this period were the 
and the home of Colonel Wal- 
ten. Tbe site of the Kennedy house, which re- 
BfljMd ftaisding until a few years ago as the * Old 
Washiinstoa Hotel,* was at No. 1 Broadway, 
the Fbdd Building now towers alofL More 
itod with events whtfeh arc 
fttfamtfri immatably in history are attached tc 
thitk MmtrUmt spot thnn to any other on Mnnhattan 
Ui^ad^ TLe Knmedy house was built by Gaptain 
AfdLbaiil Keamedy, of the British Navy, iriio 
a£'iswaci met/tttied to the titfes and estates of 
idur i^nei of CmeUio. Gaptain Kcncedy marsseC 
Aam Waet^ a daughter of John Watts, tlie Toqr, 
aoi mftsiiag here, expected to make this hosae, 
tzun. a resstahle plaee^ his petxaaneot home. As 
wttil hr raMn of its sitondou as of its arxe aa£ 
•nmtatt^h'M Ijurricr, it beeam<c; dirin? tc« 
a* iMad^iartees of caeh ecmmander saeccasf 
WxMZL Wtutinza^UitL sent Iice to »^ami'-^ th« 
UBMttsk if Seir-Icck tn I77S, it was iKse that 
UmjiiL iTt «r<aTcajeiu to stop. Here Ptttnaax, 
jut W!Uk dfiT^xL 1^ Lifio W«tdMa^te^ CoonT*. 3iade 
iumititit it* tatKtj so ffljgfu be. Here WashiJigMn 
tiimm^ aMQUfii- airftile bef'jee the eapcnre qI ^ut 
^T.j 17 H/iw« aoil ClJsr4}]x. Here cft?^ of ibse 
kA7%Jirs twaoBAadgiEk snuo!CHiT<iy ilTed aavi sieul 
"X^tj tf.>L*n S.r T'icy paftisstan. Hfae*. ais <it» tin&e 
iir ^dAfiii^f l/frn.f^ H'iW« aati OnanriuJbs^ aa»i 
I>vrL CL-flr^»a xad. Ltnri EsrwiaiLr »ad <tr '^xy 

/uwwiitfl ^*i^ 5u»n 5fnr irftir.rt h*f 3«^i trie :n»€ saii 
i««f.i* y-ito^T' Hie* tfi» iartacLy siream^Zletf 
;r<«# jt/i*; /-tfL *^t pa^ 'Hf, s^i- ^«» ii? attZTiTJriy 

>«*#U9^ ^A»/rr, ^atl TTJSt oiff iiry'a.j ^:« «»t i« 

Beideael was courted by all who knew her, liia 
queen of beauty and song. The Kennedy house 
remained for over a centuiy in the De Bqrsts 
family, to whom it descended direct^ from Ann 
Watts. The De Peysters of that day woe fivlng 
in Queen-st., near Cedar, and their hoaae was 
Washington's first headquarters in UTew-rotk. 

The Waltons, like moat members of Ike Watts 
and De Peyster families, 
Walton was rich and conservative, 
getting along very well under the mle of n 
despot and he was opposed to changim They had 
a disturbing influence on boiringas His manrifii 
in Pearl^t., at Franklin Square^ wns bnilt in 
1754, and everybody told him be was eraiy to 
build so far out of town. His maible cntEaneeiL 
his imported tfles^ his mahosany staarvnjs, his 
great apartments finished in panelW oak; has 
decorated walls and his yellow taocka were the 
wonder and envy of the whole catr- He 0Kve 
sumptuoua enteitainnicBts here wiaiek Siutnd his 
fame abroad, and were quoted in PsiBiint in 
support of the Stamp Act. The ate of tke A<tor 
Houses n eentniT ago^ wss oat e a e d tagr Ike hoascs 
of the Bntherfoids and tke AxteOs. 3Iis. Axtefi 
was a De Pejsta; qneenb' o^ad hrantilal, and de- 
voted to the King. Tkar ke«se; taeeiker with 
the peop erti ea of John Waxaa. Sargign De Bejstcf; 
Oliver De Laneer. Baeer M>as^ Bevcxtr Bohia. 


of ^2ne 3i^S2Bf^ 

a£» t&in ther 
«i* ks^ kills ex. 

FFrll. Btejond 
ami (aoJ^EBL IXilI» at the 

ttom^ thegr are now 
smdQlL Xhn Oty Hall 
QC tikfr Commans, eon. 
XBkx atsood about 
ifisilL dauitsin^ on tiie 

ygnnrim^ r!h^ 9iku «at 

ckti^ tboEAu^lifiace 
wa» t6e oM Bfcide- 
T^iaidln. Then oamo the 
ttm QOfioii. fixe hnrdened 


4ps«unt novr omnpied by 
waft^ tftn QfigBO buying 

^muK^i^ br Mii£Bar-si^ <» 



the north, Barclay on the south, Chapel on the 
west, and Church on the east, was the seat of 
Columbia College. It had already been In ex- 
istenoe thirty-five years. When it ^vas building 
an English visitor wrote home his amazement 
that •• people could have been found foolish enough 
to build the college at such a distance from the 
furthest limits to which the city could by any 
possibility extendi 

Port George, detested by every patriot, had 
been standing until 1 788 on the block bounded Dy 
State, Bridge and Whitehall stB. The people had 
concluded they were without further use for it 
and by order of the Mayor and Common Council 
it was torn down, and already tlie foundations 
were being laid for a magnificent mansion in- 
tended for the occupancy of the first President. 
It could not be finished in time, however, and 
vhen it was finally in condition for occupancy 
it began to be doubtful whether New-York would 
remain the National Capital. It never served the 
purpose for which it was built. Until the State 
capital was removed to Albany, however, it was 
uesd as the Governor's residence. Then the United 
States Government converted it into the Custom 
House, fop which it served until 1815. 

For a period of at least twenty-five years before 
the Eevolution, New-York had enjoyed uninter- 
rupted prosperity, her population increasing by a 
multitude every year. She waa gradually taking 
her destined place foremost of all the American 
cities, and that she must soon come to occupy 
such a relation to the continent few doubted. 
Her wealiJi made her a rich prize for the British 
and ihey »lid not lii-sitatc to avail themselves of 
all the booty they could get hold of. The city was 
full of handsome houses, built mainly of yellow 
brick, with tiled roofs and spacicTus gardens. Tlie 
British officers did not hesitate to appropriate 
these to their own uses, while the " rebel" owners 
of them languished in exile or starved in prison. 
The invaders left the city in a wretched condition, 
many of its best houses in ruins, its churches 
converted by disease into pest-houses, its streets 
impassable. The returning patriots took on a 
brave heart and a bold face, and in the course 
of three years they had re-created New-York. 
Houses began to spring up everywhere. New 
streets were opened. Town lots in Broadway sold for 
$25 in 1789, and the low price attracted many 
purchasers. At the date of the Inauguration society 
had resumed its natural conditions, and a pros- 
perous commerce had been built up. The farms 
above Chambers-st. were being tilled to great 
advantage, and many of the old country houses, 
repaired and refurnished, became during Wash- 
ington's Administration centres of social and 
political influence. All the very wealthy people 
of that day, Walton, Kipp, Rutgers, Stiiyvesant, 
Lispenard, Morris, Wharton, Beekman, Murray, 
Apthorpe and De Lancey, in addition to their 
town houses, possessed country places and gave 
many brilliant entertainments therein. These 
families were much divided against themselves. 
It is impossible, indeed, to understand the social 
and x>olitical situation in New-York City after 
the Bevolution without first getting at the bottom 

of these family relations. The two richest and 
greatest families were the Livingstons and the 
Do Lanceys. The wife of Henry Walter Living- 
ston, of Livingston Manor, was Mary De Lancey, 
and the Livingstons were related or connected 
with the Schuylers, the Beekmans, the Jays and 
the Duanes. The Livingstons were stanch patri- 
ots. The De Lanceys were bitter Tories. The 
De Lanceys were connected with the De Peysters, 
the Izards, the Barclays, the Frazers and the 
StuyvesantB, all of whom were completely dis- 
tracted in their sympathies. Philip Schuyler, 
Alexander Hamilton's father-in-law and a patriot 
general, was a. cousin of Oliver De Lancey and 
John Watts, two of the intensest Tories in New- 
York. Bobert Murray, the great Quaker mer- 
chant, was a Hoyallst. His son John endeavored 
to be neutral, while his wife and his two 
daughters, to whose beauty and accomplishments 
Major Andre wrote that he ** could not pretend 
to do justice," were uncompromising rebels. 
Society was naturally much cut up by these con- 

One of the handsomest of the country houses 
was owned by James Beekman, whose ancestor 
came to America with Peter Stuyvesant. The 
Beekman house stood at the point where Fifty- 
first-st. intersects with First-ave. It was built 
in 1763, and was not torn down until 1874. 
The first hothouse erected in New-York was that 
attached to the Beekman residence, and it is said 
that on one occasion Mrs. Beekman, who was Jane 
Keteltas, served Washington and Steuben with 
lemonade made from lemons she herself had 
grown. The Beekmans were rebels, and they 
fled when Howe captured the city, but Mrs. 
Beekman had the forethought to bury her silver 
and china under the hothouse. It was all right 
when she got back six years later. Madame de 
Heidesel, whose Hessian husband was a prisoner,' 
occupied the Beekman house so long as the 
British had possession of the town. Just above 
the Beekman house was the famous Kissing Bridge, 
which crossed Dedore's millrace, so named because 
it was supposed to be quite impossible for lovers 
to resist its fascinating influence if they happened 
to cross it. The homes of Colonel Kip, John 
Watts and Mr. Keteltas were in this neighborhood. 
Bobert Murray's house, which left its name to 
Murray Hill, stood at what is now the comer 
of Fourth-ave. and Thirty-six th-st. Mr. Murray's 
grounds ran down to the Kingsbridge Bead, now 
Lexington-ave. His house was an immense 
structure for those times. It was here that 
Mrs. Murray and her beautiful daughters inter- 
rupted Howe and Clinton in their pursuit of 
Putnam; told them sweet little Quaker lies about 
Putnam's having passed four hours before, while, 
as a matter of fact, he had been gone not much 
more than four minutes, and begged them to 
alight and partake of some Quaker refreshments. 
They were not proof against these charming 
solicitations, and while Howe and Clinton sipped 
Mr. Murray's Tory Madeira and listened to the 
Misses Murray's delightful conversation. " Old 
[Put" gathered his bedraggled army together 
above the Bronx. The Apthorpe Hoase, Wash- 



ington'8 headqunrters during this campaign, was 
on the Bloomfngdale Boad, or, to be more exact, 
at Ninth-ave. and Ninety-fiP8t>«t. Washington 
was well acquainted with this country. He had 
travelled thiough it in 1756, when young and 
susceptible, on his way to see Lord Shirley at 
JJ08i.on. He then stopped at the house of Beverly 
Robinson, and he stayed longer than he needed 
to. On his way home he stopped with Eobinson 
again, and he only went away when lie felt 
that duty pressed him. Pretty Mary Phillipse 
was also visiting there at the time. Her sister 
was Kobinson's wife. When Washington left he 
told a friend that he had fallen in love with 
Mary Phillipse, but hadn't the courage to tell 
ber so. When informed a year or bo later that 
Colonel Roger Morris, who had fought with him 
under Braddock, was making a lively campaign 
for the lady's hand, Washington became phil- 
osophical, and let the matter drop. On his return 
In 1776 he found Morris and Robinson both 
enemies of their country, and wlion he marched 
over into Westchester he made his headquarters 
at Morris's mansion, more generally known as the 
Jumel house, its owners having precipitately 
fled. It is not believed.^ however; that Wash- 
ington would have done them any harm had they 
stayed behind to greet him. The Morris House 
was a fine example of colonial architecture. 
Madame Jumel bought it, and Aaron Burr hved 
here during the days of his octogenarian love. 





A spirit of calmness, confidence and peace settled 
over the country as the first Wednesday in Janu- 
ary, 1789, approached, and the 3,000,000 free and 
independent suffragists of a delivered and united 
Nation prepared to cast their ballots for their 
first President. The election passed off quietly, 
not less for the reason that the people wanted to 
give the new sjrstem a fair trial than for the 
reason that nobody doubted what the Electoral 
College would do. The College met in due time 
and cast its votes. The Constitution then pro- 
vided that the candidate having the highest num- 
ber of votes should be President and the one hav- 
ing the next highest Vice-President. Every 
member of the College voted for Washington, and 
John Adams received 34 out of 69. The vote§ 
that were not given to him were scattered. Jay 
received 9,. Butledge 6, Hancock 4, but no one 
approached the position of a competitor. Adams 
had returned from abroad with much popular 
favor, due to his success in negotiating several 
important loans. He was obnoxious to many sin- 
cere and patriotic men, who thought him snobbish 
and not always trustworthy. Even the amiable 
Franklin had said of him : ** Always honest and 
often wise, he is sometimes and in some things 
absolutely out of uis senses." But at this moment 
the opposition to him was unled and without a 
distinct object, so that his election Involved no 
great trouble. 
Congress should have met on the first Wednesday 
/□ March, the 4th, but distances were great and 
travelling -was had, bo that only eight Senators and 

thirteen Bepresentatives answered the roll-call on 
that day. They came in by twos and threes from 
day to day thereafter, and by March 30 a quorum 
of the House had api»eared. It organized imme- 
diately by tlie election of Frederick A. Muhlecburg 
as Speaker, and proceeded to discuss a tariff bill 
It was decidedly an able House. Madison led the 
Virginia delegation, though h(j had encountered 
much difficulty in getting elected at all. He was 
an aspirant f(»r the higher honor of a seat in the 
Senate, but his activity in behalf of the new Con- 
stitution had rendered him so objectionable to 
Henry that he was unable to get a sufficient sup- 
port. Madison had been badly humiliated in Vir- 
ginia, for all the Anti-Federalist leaders had com- 
bined to crush him, and it was only upon his issu- 
ing a public letter in which he promised to support 
certain amendments to the Constitution that he 
had even succeeded in obtaining a seat in the Lower 
House. The election to the Senate of his chief po- 
htical adversary and the prime eemy of the Con- 
stitution completed his discomfiture. He soon be- 
came, however, the most conspicuous member of 
the House, and easily its foremost man in debate. 
His only rival was Fisher Ames, of Massachusetts, 
then only thirty-two years old, but eloquent, ready 
and pugnacious. A quorum of the Senate had not 
arrived until April 6, but the moment it could le- 
gally organize, it placed Langdon temporarily In 
the Chair, sent for the House and proceeded to 
open the ballots cast in the Electoral College, and 
to declare the result. On the same day it dis- 
patched Charles Thomson, its veteran secretary, to 
Mount Vernon, and another messenger to Brain- 
tree, to inform Washington and Adams of their 

Of course neither of them was in ignorance of 
what the Electors had done. Washington had 
gradually come to consider his election as inevi- 
tagle and his duty to accept it imperative. His 
profound reluctance again to quit the happy se- 
clusion of his country home on the banks of the 
Potomac was manifested in ways too marked and 
by an agitation too solemn for any to o^ll it in 
questio. 'He has left his fteelings upon a hundred 
tablets, all telhng the same story of self -depre- 
ciation and regret that no one else would be fto- 
oeptable to the people.* Concerning the delay of 
Congress in counting the votes he had written to 
Knox : 

The delay may be compared to a reprieve, for 
in confidence I tell you (with the world it would 
obtain little credit), that my movements to the 
chair of Government will be accompanied by feel- 
ings not unlike those ot a culprit who is going to 
the place of his execution; so unwilling am L in 
the evening of a life nearly consumed in pubhc 
cares, to quit a peaceful abode for an ocean of 
difficulties without that competency of political 
blcill, ablhties or inclinations which are necessary 
to manage the helm. Integrity and firmness aro 
all I can promise. These, be the voyage long 
or short, shall never forsake me. 

To another friend, at about the same time, he 
wrote these almost pitiful words : 

I greatly fear that my countrymen wiH exneol 
too much from me. I fear, if the issue of publio 
measures should not correspond with their flan- 
guine expectations, they will turn the extravagant 
piaiseB which they are heaping upon me at this 



to equally eltrftiaganti thoufiti I will 
londly nopo unmerited, oenaures. 

" Little," Boys Washington Irving, recording 
tlcse Bnil othec espressious of personal miattust^ 
" was Us modi'Bt Bpiiit aware lliat the 
(itaises BO dubiously received were but the opeu- 
tng notes ol a, theme that was to increase from 
&ge tu age, to pervftdo ill landa and enduie 
ttronghout all generatjonsl" 

Bruintcee was oonsiderahly nearer the seat ot 
GovemuieTit than Mount Vernon, and Adams had 
Ireceived the messenger of CoDgress and was well 
on hia way to New-York before Colonel Thomson 
had lenohed the Potomac. It dors not appear 
from any oontempurary record that Mr. Adams 
(raa at all oTerwlielmed with a sense of the poverty 
«,/ his worth. He appeared to be entirely reao) 
to respond to his country's call, and on April 12 
he set out on that errand TJie Koxbury troop 
*>( horse, early on that morning, aitcnded him at 
lis house and escorted him into Boston. " On his 
arrival at the fortification giiteB," ivrjtes a chron- 
Soler of the day, " the bells rung a peal, and 
cjuldst the shouts of the assembled citizens, he 
■viaa escorted to His Excellency, the Governour'a, 
■wliere the principal Officers of the State and genllo- 
aien ot the town being assembled, ho pacioolc 
At aji elegant Collation provided by the Governour. 
He was saluted on his arrival by a federal dis- 
charge from a dctjichmcnt of Klayor Johnson's 
Artillery, and also by a discharge on his taking 
leave ol our Chief Magistrate!. During the time 
the 'VJce-Prcsident was at hi.s Fscel- 
lency, the Govomour'a, the Middlesex 
Horse, under the command of (laptain 
Fuller, arrived, which, joining that of Colonel 
I'ylcr'E, formed a very olegnnt escort— both Corps 
being in blue, faoed with white, and the horses 
mostly of one colour, and very handsome. By 
these corps, and better by his fellow-Qitizens, 
be was accompanied to Charlfc=town, where on his 
arrival at the Siiuare, he was again saluted by a 
federal discharge, from Major Calder's Artillery, 
and escorted, by the two companies of Horse t« 
Cam bridge —where the Roxhury horse took their 
leave ot His Excellency- who, escorted 
by the Middlesex corps, eontinued Un 
Journey. Mr. Adams will be mut at Mnrlborouirli 
by Colonel Newell's regiment of Horse, who will 
relieve Captain Fuller— and in like manner wiU 
this great and good man be accompanied to New- 
Totlt.— Not with the servile aUentlons of slaves 
«nd subjects— but by the voluntary honours of his 

In like manner, trul,y, he was escorted, receiv- 
ing all the honors that could by any possibilit.y 
be lavished upon him until, on Monday, April 
20, lie arrived in the city. A great cavalcade 
met him at the Connecticut line and brought him 
to KingHbridge, whore all the soldiery of the city, 
many members of Congress and a g]'eat host ol 
citizens in carriages, on horseback and afoot, were 
■waiting to welcome him. Ho proceeded directly 
to Mr. Jay's house in Wall-st., where he was 
waited upon by a committee of the Senate. Ctm- 
gratulatory spccehes followed, and on the next 
d»jr he waa inaugurated. £e took hla Beat as 

president of the Senate immediately, not waiting 
for Wasiiiogton, who was already at Trenton. 
In his inaugural address, which was a stately 
and flnished speech, he made tJiesc eloijuent 
references to the man whose name was upper- 
most in all hearts : 

It is with satisfaction that I congratulate 

the people ot America on the prospeoS 

of an exeoutive authority in the hands ot one 
whose portrait I shall not presume to draw. Were 
I blessed with powers to do justice to his charac- 
ter it would b" impossible to increase the con- 
fidence or affection ot bis country or make the 
saallcsb addition to bis glory. This can only be 
effected by a discharge of the present exalted 
trust on the same pclnoiplea with the same 
abilities and virtues whiob have uniformly 
appeared in all bis former conduct, public or 
private. May I, nevertheless, be indulged to 
inquire, if wo look over the catalogue of the flrat 
Magistrates ot nations, whether thoy have been 
denominated Presidents or Consuls, Wtnes « 
Princes, where shall wi- And one whose command- 
ing talents and virtues, whose overruling good 
fortune, have so completely tintted all hearts ana 
voiees in his favor ?■ 





Secretary Thomson reached Mount Temon on 
April 14, and delivered Langdon's lettT to the 
President. It said, in fltfing and simple words: 
" I have the honor to transmit to your Excellenor 
the information of your unauimous election ti 
cfflce ot President of 
States of America, Suffer me, sir, to 
indulge the hope that so auspicious » 
mark of public conHdence will meet your ai>pro- 
baiion and be considered as a sure pledge of the 
alfeotion and support jou are to expect from » 
free and an cnli,jhtened people." Wuahiugton in- 
vited Me. Thomson to wait a day or two at Mount 
Vernon and return vrfth him to the capital. Tlio 
next day he visited his aged moTiier. and said and 
Lstencd to tic words that each knew would be 
the last tbey would ever speak to each other in 
this world again. He returned to his liome the 
same day, and on the next lb started for the 
capital. In bis diary on that day he wTOte: 
" About 1 o'clock I bade adieu to Mount Vemon, 
to private life and to domestic felicity, and with 
a mind oppressed wltb more anxious and painfal 
sensations than I have words to express, set out 
for New- York, with the best disposition to render 
servloe to tny country in obedience to its call, but 
with leas hope of answering Its expectations." 
Mrs. Washington remained for a time at Mount 
Vernon, and the only occupanta of the President's 
ooaoh besides himself were Mr. Thomson and bis 
former aide. Colonel Humphreys. The PrcBident 
consented to partake of a farewell banquet at 
I Alexandria, attended cbiefiy by his intimate 
friends and neighbors. The Mayor, Dennis Kam- 
sey, maile an eloquent and feeling address, lu 
which be said: 

Not to extol your glory as a soldier, not to poor 
forth out gratitude for past services, not to «o- 



knowledge the justioe of the unexampled honor 
which has been conferred upon you by the spon- 
taneous and unanimous suffrages of 8,000,000 
of freemen in your election to the 
Supreme Ma^tracy, not to admire the 
patriotism which directs your conduct, do your 
neighbors and friends now address you. Themes 
less splendid, but more endearing, impress our 
minds. The first and best of citizens must leave 
us. Our aged must lose their ornament, our youth 
l^eir moJcl, our agriculture its improver, our 
commerce Its friend, our infant academy its patron, 
our poor their benef actior 1 

Washington was much touched by these ex- 
pressions, and his reply was spoken with an emo- 
tion he was quite uuable to hide. He said: 

Although I ou^ht not to conceal, yet I cannot 
describe, the painful emotions I felt in being 
called upon to determine whether I would accept 
or refuse the Presidency of the United States. 

Hie unanimity in the choice, the opinion of 
my friends, communicated from different parts of 
Europe, as well as America, the apparent wish of 
those who were not entirely satisfied with the 
Constitution in its present form, and an ardent 
dedre on my own part to be instrumental in con- 
ciliatinff the goodwill of my countrymen toward 
each o^ot, have induced an acceptance. TLose 
who know me best (and you, my fellow-citizens, 
are, from your situation, in that number) know 
better than any others that my love of retire- 
ment is so great tLat no eartnly consideration, 
short of a conviction of duty, could have i)re- 
vailed upon me to depart from my resolution 
** never more to take any share in transactions 
of a public nature." 

Almost every step of his route from Alexandria 
to New-York was made memoriible by some token of 
the veneration and love in wl.ich the people held 
him. At first and until he had reached Chester he 
tried to escape these attentions, or at least to re- 
ceive them without seeming to enjoy them. He 
did not in fact enjoy them. They were little in 
keeping with his ( wn thoughts and feelings. Wash- 
ington was an isolated being. His human sym- 
pathies, it is true, were large, but they did not pro- 
ceed from human weaknesses, as those of frail 
mortality usually do. Washington had started off 
quietly in his coach from Mount Vernon, and he 
would have much preferred to complete his jour- 
ney as quietly as he began it. But he soon thought 
better of this, and far from desiring to escape pop- 
ular demonstrations, he encouraged and took his 
proper part in them. He wisely i)erceived that 
nothing could be more natural than that the people 
should hail with lively manifestations of pleasure 
the dawn of the Nation's birthday. The feelings 
they entertained he shared, and moved by this sen- 
timent he permitted the widest latitude to be 
given to expressions of the popular joy, and every- 
where delayed his journey to take part in them. 
Although in this construction of the honors lav- 
ished so abundantly upon him Washington did no 
violence to the people's glad and hopeful hearts, he 
did not wholly understand them. He never did 
quite understand the relation in which he stood to 
the land he had delivered. Perhaps it is only 
natural, certainly it is most beautiful, that a soul 
capable of the deeds which so inspired the popular 
heart with the highest form of esteem, confidence 

and love should be unconscious of exalted merit 
and disposed to attribute its successes to causes 

Qufte beyond its own begetting. 

wl^ Baltimore and at Wilmington Washington 

was received with all the acclaim that a king 
could have desired, but as he approached the Penn-* 
oylvania line below Chester he found a multitude 
waiting so vast and so full of glad emotions that he 
was quite bewildered. General MiSUn had by this 
time succeeded Franklin as President of Pennsyl- 
vania, and he had made up his mind by the warmth 
and splendor of this reception to efface from Waalu 
ington's memory every lingering Impression of the 
part M]lfflln had taken in Gates's intrigue. Bright 
and early on Saturday morning, April 18, Hiffliik 
and Judge Peters, at that time Speaker of the 
Pennsylvania Assembly, with the City Troop of 
Horse from Philadelphia and several regiments of 
State militia, were stationed at the boundary line. 
They waitedi&ll day and all night for Washington, 
but it was not until the next morning at 8 o'clock 
that his coach, escorted by Delaware troops, was 
seen approaching. Mifflin received the PrcBidenti 
with uncovered head, and by his manner clearly, 
indicated, what other State Governors were already 
denying, that the President was officially superior 
to the Governors of the States. At the head of 
what amounted to a considerable army Washing- 
ton entered Chester, where he and Mifflin detached 
themselves from the rest and took a quiet break- 
fast together. Washington rested a couple of 
hours after breakfast, and at about noon the jour- 
ney was resumed. 

At various points on the road to Gray's Ferry 
they were joined by other regiments of cavalry and 
infantry and by a multitude of private citizens 
from Philadelphia, and an even vaster concourse 
had assembled to receive him at Gray's Bridge^ 
• over the Schuylkill. So great had the crowd's 
proportions become that the procedure was char- 
acterized by the utmost ceremony. Washington 
descended from his coach, and mounted on an im- 
mense white charger approached the bridge amidst 
the acclamations of at least 20,000 people. The 
l)ridge had been converted into a grand bower of 
flowers and evergreens. The man from whom it 
took its name -was then living in a house near by» 
and he had spent two days in fitting up the bridge 
and its approaches A. great pine shaft had been 
lifted high into the air fiom which the well-known 
Serpent Flag was floating, bearing the admonitory 
inscription : ** Don't Tread On Me." Hundreds of 
other flags, large and small, with long streamers of 
the gayest colors, were spread to the breezes from 
all available points. At either end of the bridge & 
triumphal arch, thickly overlaid witli laurel, had 
been erected, while the bridge itself was decorated 
with evergreens, lilies and roses in the most taste- 
ful and proiuse style. For a hundred yards on 
either side of the bridge large shrubberies ex- 
truded, " which seemed," says an eyewitness, " to 
challenge even Nature herssclf for simplicity, ease 
and elegance, and," he continues, ** as our beloved 
Washington crossed the bridge, a lad, beautifully 
ornamented with sprigs of laurel, assisted by a cer- 
tain machinery, let drop above the hero's head, un- 
perceived by him, a civic crown of laurel." Upoa 
his arrival within the city Washington was es- 
corted to the City Tavern, where he had been a 
guest during the Constitutional Convention. Here 
ho was magnificently entertained at a banquet 


irMoh nO the prominent men of tbc city atteadml, 
and in the evening Piilladclphia gave itscll over to 
tevelry and fireworks 

He Btutted (or Trenton the next day, reaohing the 
banks of the Delaware just below the spot where 
In BtQRU and tempest and jnflnite peril be hail 
oroBsed twelve years before to engage in his daring 
>nd taccessful attack upon tJie Biitlsh at Trenton. 
The Boeoe now was in wonderful contrast to that 
vhloh his mind muBt go vividly have recalled. 
Thia April morning was sunny, holmy and beautl- 
tiil. The birds were sinfclng, the river was smooth 
ind dear, and sU along its sboces a host of bis 
welcoming countrymen were standing, waving 
tlielT hats and orylng out In hts honjr. A great 
thiong of soldiers nnil citizenB lined the New-Jer- 
1^ bank, where, as his boat was drawn upon tbc 
und, a prooGSsion was quickly formed to the mo^t 
Mispieuous place, in whieb he was presently e*- 
aottod His route into Trenton lay over the As- 
•anplnk Creek, just south oC the city. This spot 
was associated In Wsshlngton'a mind with thoughts 
ihK were the reverse o( pleasant. It was over the 
AsNupInk Bridge that he hud mode his famous 
[Mwat from Princeton, pursued by the noble 
Btiton whose sword he received six yearH later at 
lotktown. The ladies ot Trenton, mindful of 
these memories, bad arcanged to give bim a hap- 
pier impresfiioQ of the place. Tliey oonverted the 
bttdga into one grand trium;ihal arch, twenty feet 
"IdB and supported upon thirteen pillars, em- 
WaDftuo of the thirteen Slates. Evergreens oov- 
ati the atob above, below, inside and out, and 
Dvir its southern entrance was an inscription 

The Dciender of the Mothers 
Will Be The Protector of The Daughters 
The board on which these words were lettered 
WHS bound with apriico, Hr and holly, und crown- 
ing tba inscription at its centre wus a dome ol 
flowers with the dates of tJie battle of Princeton 
and the defeat of tbe Hessians inlaid with violets. 
Over at] with its face to tbe zenith was a goriteouB 

Tbe ladies who had done all this, matrons and 
maldji, were waiting for Washington at the bridge, 
.and aa be approached, ignornnt of what was to 
oooor, tbe line of soldiers In front of bim suddenly 
parted and left him to ride to tbe bridge alone. 
Advancing to meet him came a great number of 
JQung girls dressed wholly in white, carrying 
trays of liowers. Wnsbington reined in bis horse, 
took off his hat, and, CoJouel Humphrey declares, 
t«ars stole down his cheelts as ho listened to their 
eong : 

' Virgins fair and matrons grave, 
Those thy conijuonog arm did save. 
Build for theu trlumpiiai bowers. 
Btrew, ye fair, his way with flowora^ 
etrow your hero's way with liowers. 

ia they sang the last words they scattered bo- 
fore him tlietr sweet burden or Uowers aud re- 
tired. Washington remained for wversj i 

with his head bowed and then moved onward 
through the arch into Trenton. That aftcraooit 
be issued this graceful card of tbanka to the 

General Washington cannot leave this place 
1 without expressing bis Aoknowledgmcnla to th« 
I Matrons and Young Ladies, who received bim in 
BO novel nod fe-rateful a manner at tbe Triumphal 
Arch in Trenton for tbe exquisite Sensations b* 
experienced in that affeotiiiB moment. The aston^ 
isbing between bis former and actual 
situation at tie same spof-, the elegant Taste with 
which it was adorned for tbe present occasion, and 
tio Innocent appearance of the wblte-robed Choir 
who met hfm with the gratulatory Song have madft 
such an impression on his remembrance as, he 
assures them, vrill never be effaced. 

Washington was the guest In New-Jersey of It« 
Governor, William Livingston. At sunrise the 
next day he was on his way to Elizabeth, which 
bo reached that (Wednesday) niffht. Meanwhile 
preparations for his receptitin bad been going 
forward in Hew-Tork. Samuel Osgood had ten- 
dered his house for the President's use and Oon- 
grcss had authoriied bim to arrange It in n 
manner befitting the character of Its proposed oo- 
cupanl^ It was tbe Franklin house originallv.' 
and it -.tood in Franklin Square. One of tho 
abutments of the Brooklyn Bridse now rests on the 
spot it occupied. Mr. Franklin was a rich New- 
York mcrchantL Osgood, who became Washing- 
ton's Postmaster-General, married Mrs. Franklin 
after she bad been some time a widow, and 
settled in New-York m the Franklin house. 16 
was enumerated and styled No. 1 Cberry-stL- 
Large, comfortable and reasonably bandsome, it 
made a suitable Pre-sidcntial mansion, 'i'be Vico- 
Prcsldent, Senators Schuyler, Kutledee and Ell^ 
worth and Eepresentatives Boudinot, Bland, Ben- 
son, Lawrence and Tucker were appointed a joint 
committee of CoiiEress to meet the President at 
Elixnbetbport aod escort, bim by water to the 
capltuL Those memlters, together with many 
others, and a gieat body of oitizeos in yacht* 
chiirtered for the occasion, were at Elhabethport 
on the morning of April 23. A birge and mag- 
ciflcent barge, built espcolnlly for this seri'ico 
and manned by thirteen pilots, arrayed in naval 
uniforms, with Thomas Kandall as coxswain, lay 
lit band for Wasbington's receptioti. He embarked 
at about half-past 1 o'clock amid tbe shouts of 
nn enthusiastic multitude and the music of bands. 
With bim in the barge were the Congressional 
Commillee and three offioials representing the 
State and elty ot New-York. Numerous and im- 
posing was the licet which attended him on his 
progress across tbe bay. They were all 
dressed Ticbli' ivith bunUng and shot forth 
salutes of thirteen guns as ru()idly as they could 
be loaded and ilred. Several French and Spanisb 
men-of-war weio in the harbor, and these weie 
pcompt in tlie honors they paid to the Nation'B 
Chief Magistrate. As the Prcsidenfs barge 
passed the Spanish sloop ot war Galveston, she 
spread forth Spanish and American flags f™<tt 
peak and masthead, and delivered a powerfol 
discbarfe of thirteen suns. 



The landing was effected at Murray's wharf, at 
the foot of Wall-st. Steps, heavily carpeted 
and njcely decorated, were let down to the water's 
edge, and as Washington ascended them he found 
Olinton at hand to receive him. The Grovernor, 
like the honest man and loyal patriot he was, 
from the moment when the Poughkeepsle Con- 
vention decided against him and in favor of 
the Constitution, had set himself diligently at 
work preparing to receive the National Grovern- 
ment. He did not sulk a minute, and no one 
welcomed Washington with more warmth or 
supported him with greater zeal than this greatest 
and most dangerous enemy of federation. Clin- 
ton's full military staff attended him, and with 
them were also the entire Congress, Mayor Duane 
and the principal officers of the city. All these 
were presented to Washington, and then he placed 
himself at the disposal of Colonel Bauman, who 
was in charge of the military arrangements for 
his reception. The line was formed in Wall-st., 
according to " The Official Gazette," in the follow- 
ing order : 

Colonel Lewis, 
liajors Morton and Van Home and their troop of 


Captain Stakes. 

German Grenadlera 

Captain Sorlba. 


Infantry of the Brigade. 

Captains Swartout and Steddlford. 


Captain Harsln. 

Regiment of Artillery. 

Colonel Bauman. 


General Malcolm and Aids. 

Officers of the MlUtia— Two and Two. 

Committee of Congress. 

The Most Illustrious, The President of the United 

His Excellency, Governor Clinton. 
The President's Suite. 
Officers of the State. 
The Mayor and Aldermen of New-Tork. 
The Reverend Clergy. 
Their Excellencies, the French and Spanish Ambassa- 
dors In Carriages. 

It was a great parade for those days, and it 
moved with pomp and dignity through streets 
lined with people, and all bedecked with bunting 
and amid the loudest paeans of rejoicing up 
Wall and down Queen st. to Washington's house. 
Here the procession halted for a time while 
Mr. and Mrs. Osgood escorted the President 
through his new home. Then Washington re- 
sumed his place in the procession,' and was con- 
ducted to the Governor's house in Queen-st., 
which was one of the prizes of the people under 
the Confiscation Act. It had belonged to Henry 
White, a Royalist. Here the President was enter- 
tained at dinner, and here he spent the early 
part of the evening, receiving all the great 
of the land who came to pay their respects to 
tbe first of the Presidents, 





Quite of its own motion New-York had ma^ 

great preparations to receive the new Govem- 

ment^ in view of which it may well be contended 

that the city was badly treated by Congress in 

the removal of the capital so soon afterward. 

Whatever may be said of the State, the dty 

was ardently Federalist^ and it welcomed the 

statesmen of the Nation with a generosity which 

was illy repaid. The City Hall then stood on 

the site of the present Sub-Treasury Building, on 

the corner of Wall and Nassau sts. The people 

turned it over to the Federal Government and 
made their gift the richer by employing Major 

L*Enfant to put it in the best possible order. 
The money required for this work, $32,000, the 
people of New-York City raised by the simple and 
direct process of putting their hands in their 
pockets. In its finished state the Federal Hall 
presented a very respectable appearance. Its front 
balconies looked down Broad-st. It possessed an 
ample yard. Its lower floor was a grand courts 
entered through seven openings. In tlie centre 
four great stone pillars held up as many Dorie 
columns. Its National character was shown by a 
variety of appropriate insignia. The freeze was 
cut into thirteen divisions, and in each a great 
star typified its several State. In the pediment 
an American eagle was exceedingly manifest, 
and over each window appeared a bundle of 
thirteen arrows. Major L'Enfant had distinguished 
himself In the accommodations he had provided 
for the Congress. This brilliant Frenchman, to 
whom the American people are indebted for much 
more than the actual work of his hands, though 
that was considerable, came to America when he 
was twenty-two. Those were days when brains 
of the first order found everything responsive 
to t<helr influence, and his rise in the army was 
rapid. He designed the jewel for the order of 
the Society of the Cincinnati, which Knox sug- 
gested and organized. St. PauVs Church and 
the present City Hall, conceded to be one of the 
most beautiful models for a public building 
in the world, were of his designing, while his 
ser\aces in the planning of Washington City 
were incalculable. 

L'Enfant ran a vestibule directly through the 
Federal Hall. He placed the Senate Chamber,' 
40 feet long and 30 feet wide, upon the left 
side. The three front windows opened upon a 
larger portico that overhung Wall-st. and looked 
down Broad, and upon this portico Washington 
stood when he took the oath of office. The 
pilasters with which the Senate Chamber was 
decorated were an invention of L'Enfant's. The 
chamber was entered through a long and handsome 
lobby, decorated richly. On the celling of the 
Senate Chamber were thirteen resplendent stan 



in a dome of light blue. Its fire-places were 
very wide and built of solid marble. Upon its 
walls hong several portraits of illustrious per- 
wmages, the only two of any artistic value 
being those of our beloved allies, 
"ITidr Most Christian Majesties of Spain." 
The hall of the Eeprescntatives was 
entered from the right side of the balcony, and 
was nearly twice as large as the Senate Chamber. 
It was an octagi»nal apartment. Ionic columns 
and pilasters towered above the windows, and in 
the panels between them were various significant 
^ecorataons and the letters U. S. within a laurel 
wreath. The members' seats were in semi-circles 
around the Speaker's desk, which, elevated con- 
spicuously, was hung about with silken curtainu. 
The building was not quite ready for Congress's 
occupancy when Washington arrived, and as well 
to give the workmen time to finish their task as 
to settile several questions which to it, at least, 
ieemed Important, Congress, sitting in the interim 
at No. ei Bi-oadway, resolved to postpone the In- 
augural ceremonies until April 30. 

The first of these important questions concerned 
the style in which the President should be ad- 
dressed, and it is amusing to read the speeches 
in Congress and the letters in the newspapers of 
the day upon that tremendous subject. The Vice- 
Presidenti who loved aU kinds of ceremonial, was 
" quite worked up" about it. He and many of the 
Senators, notably Eichatd Henry Lee, who, it will 
be remembered, fulminated against the Constitu- 
tion largely because he thought it ** aristocratic,*' 
wanted to call Washington '* His Highness, the 
President of the United States and the Protector 
of Their Liberties." It was very properly urged 
«8 an objection to this suggestion that, although it 
had a prcat deal of sound about it, a ** Highness" 
in Europe was a mere prince, and to call Wash- 
ington that was to .acknowledge the American 
Chief Magistrate the inferior of majesty. The 
holders of this view thought " His Supremacy" a 
nice and appropriate title, and ably contended that 
while at first it might sound a little queer, it 
would be all right when you got used to it. Wash- 
ington was not a little provoked at the contro- 
versy, and his posiuon in favor of " Sir" and ** Mr. 
President" as the only becoming titles in a republic 
of equals did much to settle the question, or, at 
least, to cause it to be dropped. 

The President remained at Governor Clinton's 
house until nearly 10 o'clock on the evening of 
the day of his arrlvaL The party at dinner was 
eminently a distinguished one, consisting of the 
Biinisters in oflBce as creatures of the old Con- 
tinental Congress, Jay, Knox and Morris, the Ke- 
eeption Committee of Congress, the Mayor and 
the Becorder, and Chancellor Livingston. After 
dinner a number of ladies called, completing a 
brilliant company, and including several Ncw- 
Torkers, among whom were Lady Stirling, Mrs. 
James Beekman, Mrs Jay and Mrs. Hamilton. 

The city was handsomely illuminated at ni^ht 
and the streets were in the undisputed po^sessloa 
ef eelebiantB, who made a tremendous noise. 
Dozing the adz days that passed before Inaugura- 
tion Pay. Washington was kept busy receiv- 

ing deputations armed with formidable speeches. 
The Chamber of Commerce waited upon him In 
a bod^. Among its members were John Aisop, 
whose daughter married Rufus King; Isaac Roose- 
velt, Robert R Waddell, Daniel Phoenix, James 
Beelcman, Jacobus Van Zandt, Gerardus Duyc- 
Idnk, Daniel Ludlow, Theophylact Bache, Henry 
Remsen, Peter Keteltas, John Murray, jr., William 
Laight and Oliver Templeton. John Broome, the 
president of the Chamber, presented them. The 
members of Congress called with great prompt>- 
ness. Madison at once became marked as the 
President's chief adviser, greatly to the disgust 
of Senator Lee. Gerry, Ellsworth, who was soon 
taken from the Senate to become Chief Justice 
and W) organize the Federal judiciary system, of 
which he was the author; Hamilton, who re- 
entered official life as Secretary of the Treasury; 
Knox, who continued at the head of the War 
Department; Jay, First Chief Justice and then 
Ambassador to England; Carroll of CarroUton, 
Boudinot, Sherman Read— these were welcome 
visitors. The Mayor and Common Council of 
New-York presented him with resolutions, while 
civic societies by the score paid their respects 
to him. 

The 30th of April brought with it a crowd such 
as New-York had never seen before. From Jersey, 
from Westchester, from Albany and the 
river towns, from Connecticut, and even 
from Philadelphia and Boston, the people 
came in flocks and droves. Every householder 
in town was overflooded with guests and the tav- 
erns were packed to their uttermost resources. 
Everybody seemed to be on the street at day- 
break and the noise of boommg cannon, parad- 
ing bands and hurrahing citizens began at dawn 
and was steadily maintained thereafter. The 
first ceremonious discharge of artillery v^as at 
sunrise from the guns of old Fort George, and 
they were answered by the men-of-war at anchor 
oflE the Battery. These set the church bells 
agoing, and they pealed for half an hour. Their 
strain was repeated at 9 o'clock in a more solemn 
tone as they called the people to a solemn service 
of prayer preliminary to the great exercises of 
the day. Throughout the morning the military 
organizations were preparing for the parade, 
scheduled to take place at noon. Both houses 
met at half past 11, but the Senate got into one 
of its discussions relating to the formalities of the 
occasion and had like not to have got out of it 
before they were over. The Vice-President 
started the difficulty by proposing the conundrum. 
What should the Senate do while Washington de- 
livered his Inaugural Address, sit or stand? So 
serious a matter as this was, of course, not to be 
lightly disposed of, and the exi^erience of Senators 
who had attended Parliament during the delivery 
of a speech from the throne was recited amid bated 
breaths. They were agreed that the " Lords sat 
and the Commons stood." Some Senators were 
disposed to minimize the matter and provokingly 
contended that there were no Lords in America, 
but that ail, Senators and Representatives ahkew 


were commoners. Others, still less olive to tlie 
dignities of the station, hlnt^^d that the only ren- 
Bon why the Commans stoad wus heoause they 
had nothing ncftr to sit down on. The debate 
was Btlll Dt Its height when the door opened nnd 
In wnlkcd the Speaker tind the House. It was a 
dceadrul trial lor the Senators to be thus inter- 
rupted, but they made the best of It. 

Meanwhile, the ptooeaaion was slowly getting 
under way at WashinKlan's house In Friinlthn 
Square. Tha tooto lay tlirough Queen and Dook 
sts., or through tie Pearl-st. of to-day, to Broad, 
and then u|> Brond to Federal Hall. On account 
of the crowd there was much delay in moving tho 
procession, which got oil, however, shortly after 
noon, attended, escorted and followed by prao- 
tloally the whole o( New-York. Hot only waa 
thia the first of thia cIubh of pcocessions, but it 
was in every way a novelty to the people, and 
they were as thotoughly aroused as Iiumnn nature 
could be, I'he cheering was maintained in such 
a continuous storm that, though the bond that 
preceded WaabJBgtoa did its worthy best and 
played Xhs martial music of the day with its 
utmost vigor, scarcely so much as a strain of its 
rhapsodies could be caught twenty feet awny. 

The President sat in his own oonoh, with Colonel 
Humphreys by his side. Four horses drew the 
coach, each of tnem attended by a groom, while 
civil ofiioers on horsebaolt, led by the sheriff of the 
county, Eobett Boyd, rode on either side. Colonel 
Morgan Lewis, who lived to be a guest of honor at 
the Bemi-eentennial celebration liity years ago, 
was tie grand marshal, and with his aids, Majors 
Van Home and Morton, he led the procession. The 
first brigailc consisted of a regiment of cavalry and 
another of artilJery, and following tliese came two 
battalion of grenadlora. Captain Uai'sin, de- 
scribed by an enthusiastic young woman in a let- 
ter to her aunt as " big and magnificent," com- 
manded the first brigade, which was composed 
BOlely of " six-looters," dressed in blue with wide 
red facings and ornaments of gold. In their 
cocked hats they wore white plumes. Their waists 
coats were while and their breeches hulf. The 
second was Captain Scrlha's German battalion, 
which was much admired, as well for its perfect 
marching aa tor its picturesque uniform of blue 
coats, yellow -waistcoats aud breeches, the whole 
topped olT with enormous black bcarsldn helmets. 
Several companies of infantry followed, led by 
Major Becker and Major Chrystie, and then came 
the bund. The Presidential coach succeeded, its 
windows open and Washington within, bowing 
first through one opening and then through the 
other in response to the cheers. Directly in front 
of the President's coach were the three Senators in 
attendance upon him, Richard Henry Lee, Tristram 
Dalton and Ealpb Izard, whose mission to Eng- 
land, afterward undertaken, signally failed, largely 
for the reason that he decHueil to bow his knee to 
tie King, which, said this sturdy republican, " I 
will never do to any one alive." The Committee 
of the House followed the President. These were 
Mgheit Bensoa, Fisher Ames, the most eloquent 
auui Ja Caagress, aad Daniel CareoiL. Johii Jay, 

General Knox, Chancellor Livingston. Arthur Loe; 
Samuel Osgood, and the French and Spanish Am- 
bnssadcrs, together with a large number of men 
locally prominent, oompleted the procession. 

All aloriji the lino of march were patriotic dis- 
plays which lor richness, viirieiy and profusenesS 
could not have been outdone. Jlany houses wera 
completely covered with Sags and bunting, and 
oonspLCUously written in these or wrought out in 
floral designs of marvellous beauty and susiiended 
over doors and windows, everywhere waa the he- 
I loved name which to the exclusion of all other* 
I was in every one's heart and mind that day. Tha 
procession halted when about 600 feet from tha 
entrance to Federal Uall, and the soldiers cleared 
a path for the President's carriage, which ad- 
vanced as far aa Wall-st. Here Washingtoa 
Blighted and stood out among the people, while 
Bucb another shout arose into the heavens as the 
air had not been freighted with in many a day. II 
was the spontaneous outcry of a people surcharged 
with happiness, tew of whom had thought to liva 
to see this glorious ending of all their sacrifioB 
and misery. 

Under the conduct of the Congressional Com- 
mittee, Washington proceeded through the court 
of the Federal Building up into the Senate Cham- 
ber. The Vice-President and the Speaker of the 
House were standing, trn he entered, the one oa 
the light and the other on the lelt of the Vice- 
President's desk. Below, grouped upon the fiiior, 
were both houses. Through the aisle wbicH 
separated them Washington advanced, bowing 
witli grave dignity on either hand, Adams s; 
down- upon the floor, and offering his i 
the President to the chair. There was a moment's 
solemn hush, and then Mr. Adams, his voIM 
breaking sharply on the stillness of m chamber, 
said: "Sir, the Senate and the Hruse of Kepre- 
sentativcs of ths United States of America are 
ready to attend you to take the oath prescribea 
by the Constitution. It will be administered by 
the HoDorable, tha Chancellor of the State at 

" I am ready to proceed," replied Washington. 
He arose and walked between Adams and Li^-1n^ 
Bton out upon the open balcony in the full Bight 
of the people, where by a special resolution ol 
Congress the ceremony vraB appointed to take 
place As many Members of Congress aa the 
balcony would hold crowded out upon it, and 
>vith these were also Governor Clinton, General 
Knox, General St. Clair and Baron Steuben. The 
spectacle presented in the Btrects below is one not 
unfamiliar to the people of to^ay who arc accua- 
tomed during political campaigns to assemble 
upon tills same spot to heac speeches made from 
the steps of tlie Sub-Tceasury buihliog. But it 
may well be doubted if any such sceflie has ev-er 
been presented in tliis assembly groand of buay 
men as the eyes of Washington gaicd upon on 
that birthday of free government. Dressed in ft 
plain suit of dark brown cloth, with his hair 
powdered and bagged, wearing white silk stock- 
ings and a short dress sword, he stepped directly 
forward to the biiiooay raihntf, placed liiH haul 




upon his he ait and bowed low to the people he 
loved so well and had so faithfully seived. His 
appearance was greeted with a magnilicent testi- 
monial of popular devotion. Hats Qew into the 
air. Flags and banners were thrown upon the 
breeze, and in a grand chorus of acclamation the 
people gave vent to their joy and their love. 
They filled the open space in front of the hall. 
They extended up and down Wall-st. and far 
Into Broad. Every houso-top was covered, every 
wide-open window filled. A thousand little hand- 
kerchiefs fluttered from jewelled fingers that 
paused only to begin again. Bunning through 
the volume of welcoming sound that rose and 
died away and rose again, there was a 
vein of prayerful monotone produced by 
solemn cries of ^'God bless our Washington!" 
Never was king or conqueror the recipient of such 
expressions of popular feeil'ng. They were possi- 
ble only to a man the glory of whose deeds was 
obscured by no selfish desire for power, and whose 
tziumphs were the triumphs of the people. 

Washington afterward confessed that the emo- 
tion which came over him &t this moment com- 
pletely unnerved him. He bent low his majestic 
figure, that at its full height towered above all 
those around him, and bent it again and again. 
Then, as if unable longer to keep upon his feet^ 
he withdrew from the railing and sat in an arm- 
chair that had been placed in the centre of the 
balcony. Instantly the cheering ceased, and every 
ear was inclined to hear the ceremonies about to 
begin. In another minute Washington arose and 
came forward again, making a slight salutation 
to Chancellor Livingston. The Secretary of the 
Senate, Mr. Otis, stood between the two, holding: 
an oi>en Bible, upon which Washington's right 
hand reverently rested. 

Idvingston read the oath. " You do solemnly 
swear," he said, " that you will faithfully execute 
the office of President of the United States, and 
will, to the best of your ability, preserve, protect 
and defend the Constitution of the United States." 

Washington's response came forth in low tones, 
but enunciated with a slow distinctness and so 
great a measure of feeling as to propel them far 
out among the crowd. *' I do solemnly swear," 
lie repeated, " that I will faithfully execute the 
office of President of the United States, and wiH, 
to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and 
defend the Constitution of the United States." 
Then he lifted his eyes for a moment toward the 
Heaven whence, throughout his career, he pro- 
fessed ever to have drawn Inspiration, and said. 
" So— help— me— God 1" He bent over the Bible 
and kissed its open page. He was the President. 

Instantly the flag flew aloft from the cupola of 
the hall. Again the people cheered and cheered 
until the air was filled with the noise of their re- 
joicings. From the battery and the forts a hun- 
dred guns boomed forth heaviest discharges, while 
all the bells of the town swung back and forth in 
a delirium of sound. The President made a final 
bow to the multitude and walked back into the 
Senate Chamber. 

Congress immediately resumed its joint session, 
and Adams announced that it was "* the Presi- 
dent's pleasure to address the Senate and the 
House." As Waihirgton arose ihe two houses arose, 
despite the fact that in Parliament ** the Lords sat 
and the Commons stood." The President had not 
yet recovered his composure. He read his ad- 
dress from manuscript, but he had become so ner- 
vous that it was with difficulty he made himself 
understood. His hands trembled, his usually pale 
face was startlingly white. He made painful 
pauses and awkward gestures. One of the Sena- 
tors present in recording these indications of em- 
barrassment adds that he himself "* felt much hurt 
that this first of men was not the first in every- 
thing." This speech, which Madison had rendered 
considerable assistance in preparing, was as fol- 


Fellow-Citizens of the Senate and House of Kepre- 
sentatives : 

Among the vicissitudes Incident to life, no event 
could have filled me with greater anxieties, than 
that of which the notification was transmitted by 
your order, and received on the 14th day of this 
month. On the one hand 1 was summoned by my 
country, whose voice 1 can never hear but with 
veneration and love, from a retreat which I had 
chosen with the fondest predilection, and, in my 
flattering hopes, with an immutable decision, as 
the asylum of my declining years ; a retreat which 
was rendered every day more necessary and more 
dear to me, by the addition of habit to inclination, 
and of frequent interruptions in my health to the 
gradual waste committed on It by time. On the 
other hand, the magnitude and difficulty of the 
trust, to which the voice of my country called me, 
being sufficient to awaken in the 
wisest and most experienced of her 
citizens a distrustful scrutiny into his qualifica- 
tions, could not but nverwhehn "vkith desnondency 
one, who, inheriting inferior endowments from 
nature, and unpractised in the duties of civil 
administration, ought to be peculiarly conscious 
of his own deficiencies. In this conflict of emo- 
tions, all I dare aver is, that it has been my faith- 
ful study to collect my duty from a just appre- 
ciation of every circumstance by which it might 
be affected. All I dare hope is, that, if in execut- 
ing this task, I have been too much swayed by a 
grateful remembrance of former instances, or by 
an affectionate sensibility to this transcendent 
proof of the confidence of my fellow-citizens ; and 
have thence too little consulted my capacity as 
weU as disinclination for the weighty and untried 
cares before me; my error will be palliated by 
the motives which misled me, and its consequences 
be judged by my country with some share of the 
partiality in which they originated. 

Such being the impressions under which X 
have, in obedience to the public simimons, re- 
paired to the present station, it would be pecu- 
liarly improper to omit» in the first official act,' 
my fervent supplications tg that Almighty Being, 
who rules over the universe, who presides in the 
councils of nations, and whose providential aids 



can supply every human dclecli, that his b{^ue- 
diction may consecrate to the libonips and happi- 
ness of the people of the Dnlted Sutcs, a eovern- 
ment instituted by themselves for these essential 
purposes, and may enable every inutrument em- 
ployed In its ndministmtiott to execute with 
EQCcesa the [unctlonH allotted to liis ehurge. 
In tendering this homage to the sre<it Author 
of every public EUd [iclioto good, I assure myself 
that it expresses youi BCntiments not less than 
jny own ; nor those of my feliow-oiti^ens at large, 
less than either. No people can be bouud to 
acknowledge and adore the Invisible Hand, which 
oonducta the atrnira of men, in»re tlian tlie people 
pf the United States, livery stop, by which they 
bnvc advanced tii tlie character of an 
Independent Nation, Beems to have been distiii- 
eni.shed by some token of providential agency. 
And in the important reyolution just aooompIiEhed 
in the systeiu of their united govemraenf, thu 
tranquil deliberatJonB and voluntary consent of 
GO many distinct communities, from which the 
event hag resulted, can not be compared with tho 
means by whioli tntist goveinuitnts have 
been established, witJiout some return o( 
pious gratitude along with an bumble anticipa- 
tion at the future blcssini^ which the past aeetus 
t« presage. These reflections, rising out of the 
present crisis, have forced themselves upon my 
mind too strongly to bo suppressed. \ou will 
joia with me, I trust, in thinking that there are 
none, under the iufluenoe of which tho proceed- 
ings of a new and free goverLmeat can more 
auspiciously begin. 

By the article establishing the Executive De- 
partment, It is mode the duty of the Pi'esidcnt 
to recommend to your consideration such measures 
as he fibaU judge necessary and expedient. The 
ciroumBtanoes under which I now meet you, will 
acquit me from entering into that subjei^t farther 
than to refer you to the great constitutional 
charter under which we are assembled ; and whioh, 
Jn defining your powers, designates the object 
to which your att'cntjon is to be given. It will 
be more oonsistent vrith those circumstances, 
and far more oonwnial with the fuehngs which 
actuate me, ta substitute, in place of a recom- 
mundation of |>Hrt:<iuKr meneure^, the tribute 
that is due to the talents, the rectitude and the 
patriotism which adorn the characters selected 
to devise and adopt them. In these honorable 
qualifications I behold tlie surest pledges, that 
OB, on one side, no local prejudices or attach- 
ments, no separate views or party animosities, 
win misdirect the oomprehecslve and equal eye, 
which ought to watel, over this great assemblage 
of comiauiities and Intereote; so, on 
another, that tlie foundations of our 
national policy; will he kid in the 
pure and immutable principles of private 
morality, and the pio-emincnce of a free govern- 
ment be exemplified by oil the attributes which can 
win the affections of its citizens and command the 
respect of the world. 

I dwell on this prospect with every satlsfao- 
tion which an ardent love for m.y country can in- 
eplro; since there is no truth more thoroughly es- 
tablished than that there exists In the economy 
and course of nature an indissoluble union between 
virtue and bappines.'i, between duty and advan- 
tage, between the genuiLe masjms of an honest 
and magn<tnimous policy, and the solid rewards of 
public prosperity and felicity; since we ought to be 
DO less persuaded that the propitious smiles of 
Heaven can never be expected on a nation that dis- 
regards [he eternal rulcB of order and right, whioh 
Heaven Itself has ordnined; and since the pieser- 
rarfon at the sacred flre of liberty, and the des- 
^ay of the repabUcaa mode] of government, are 

% it will remain with your judgment to decide, 
how far au exorcise of the oocasionnl power dele- 
gated by the fifth article of the Constitution, i* 
rendered expedient at the pi'eeent juncture b.y thd 
nnture of objections which have been urged agaln.-ii 
the system, or by the degree of Inquietude which 
has given birth to them. Instead of undertaldnj 
partlouhir rccomroendntions on this subject, la 
wliich I could be guided by no lights derived from 
olBclal opimrtuniiles, I shiill again give vray tfl 
my entire eonlidence in your disoemment and pur- 
suit of the public good ; for 1 assure myself, that, 
whilst you carefuOy avoid every alteration, whioli 
might endanger the benefits of a united and 
effective government, or which ought to awiit th» 
future lessons of experience: a reverence for tho 
churacteristlo rights of freemen, and a rsgaril 
for public harmony, will sutllciently in- 
Huence your deliberations on tho ques- 
tion, how far the former can be moro Impregnably 
fortified, or the latter be safely and advantageously 

To the precedlnc observations I liave one to 
add, which will be most properly addre-wed to the 
House of Representatives. It concerns mvself, 
and will, therefore, be as brief as possible, whea 
I was first honored with a call into tho service of 
my country, then on the eve of an arduous strug- 
gle for its liberties, the light In which I contem- 
plated my duty required that I should reuonnc* 
every pecuniary compensation. From this reso- 
lution 1 have in no instance departed. And being 
still under the ImpreKsion which produced it, I 
must deeline as in.ipnlicuble to myself any share 
in the personal emoluments which may be Indis- 
pensably included in a permanent prbvfidnn for 
the Executive department; and roust aiTCOrdlnfly 

.. .... ; M require. 

Having thus Imparted to yon mv sentiments, 
as they have been awakened by the occasion whloh 
brings us tnsether, r shall take my present leave; 
hut not vrithont resorting oiioe more to thp benign 
l^rent of the human race, In bumble Huppllcntion, 
tliat, since He has been pleased to fiivor the 
American people with opp'irtiinities for deliberating 
In perfect tranquillity, and dispositions for decid- 
ing with unporalleled unanimity on a form of 
government (or the Bscurity of their union and tho 
advancement of their happiness: so his dlviao 
blesefnp may be equally oonspicuniis In the en- 
larged view8, the temperate oonsultatiohs, and the 
wise measures, on which the success of this gov- 
ernment must depend. 

It had been arranged by a special resolution 
of Congress that a service should be held in St. 
Paul's Church immediately after the President 
had concluded his speeeh. The march from tho 
hall to the church wns made under the escort 
of the same bod.y which had brought Washington 
from his home to the hull. The soldiers lined 
tho entire block around the chapel, as it wna 
then, and drew np on either side of the walk 
through the church-yard to tho door of the edi- 
Hco. The entrance at that time wna not on Broad- 
way but on Church-st, and the march through 
the yard was one of the most imposing spectacles 
of tho day. Washington occupied a pew that 
was reserved for him and that is still called by 
his name. A Te Dcum was sung and a special 
service said. Then the President was escorted to 
his borne. The inaugural oeremoaica had been 

But the people were by do mcanG through with 


didi tesliivltlea. Thty continued to wander 
ttnitgh th« alireets, marching and oheerlnjc while 
th» ilorli^t last«d, and when night oamo eveiy- 
Iwd; Booked to the Batterr to seo the OrewoikB. 
Ainn(ements bad been made for a wonderful 
IimMohnloa] dloplay under Colonel Baiunan's 
mtDRfement^ and all the houses in town were 
ma[»tlietlaallr iUuuUned. Federal liall was 
•blue wlUi lanterns. Pictures of Washington, 
fOded with light, shone bam hundreds of trans- 
puensles. una at these-, at the old tort, particu- 
Ittlr pleased the people. Its central Qgure was 
the gnat beio ot the day, Washlngrton, described 
■t Fortitude; on his tight was Justice, intended 
to represent the Senate, and on bis left Wisdom, a 
tdbnte to the House, " phrases," said a speotator, 
'matt ludlolouElr apphed; loi of the first all 
Auelfea hatli had the fullest evidence, and with 
Mqieot to the two others, who doth not entertoiu 
tht most pleasing anticipations ?" 

The r«sldenoes ot Don Gardog.ul, the Spanish 
AnbOBsadoT, and Count de Uoustiet, the Trench 
Anbamdor, an Broadway, had been throughout 
thedv apprapnaltlr dressed with flowcra, arohes, 
thtDbbery and emblematic figures, and in the even- 
ing thef were rendered even mare beautiful by 
ehtlu and borders ot lamps, moving pictures and 
bucjr pieces in the windows and various other 
dvrioes to give Ught and ooiut to the scene. AH 
that existed in that day in the way of flieworks 
«H set off by Colonel Bauman and his tallow dip. 
tttea, fountains and cascades »f fire, orookets, ser- 
prats ud lookets, the letters of Waahington's name 
Ind aJoCt in capld succession, delighted the 
people. The President viewed the spectacle from 
tlie roof of the Idvingston house. 

It kad been intended to give a ball in honor 

of the inauguration, but Urs. Washington's abr 

eace led to its postponement. Madame de Bre- 

hsn, the Fieuch Ambassador's sister, entertained 

tlw President a few nights later at a magnlhoent 

nception, wlilch entcanoed New-York society and 

funlHhed material for social gossip for many a 

day thereafter Mrs. Washington did not arrive 

in Hew-York until a month after the inaugura- 

tlaiL She was received with great ceremony in 

eaoh of the oitles tuiotigh which slie passed. The 

Resident met hoc at Elizabeth, and they returned 

'q the same baige that bad brought him up the 

■B^, and on the day after her instalment In the 

^^nklin bouse " The Official Gazette" published 

^ttia item of news, couched in the quaint and 

*Oiiiidlng phrases of that courtly age ; 

The piluclpal ladles of the city have, with the 
.^QzlieBt attention and respect, paid their devoirs 
«<) the amiable consort of oui beloved President, 
ij^i,. The Iddy of His Excellency, the Governor, 
f^dy Sterling, Lady Mary Watts, liidy Kitty 
^uer. La Maiohlaness de Brehan, the ladies of the 
4idx>eb Hon. Mr. I^ngdon and the Slost Hon, Mr. 
■CMtOD, the Mayoress, Mrs, Livingston, of Clcr' 
^ttont; Mrs. Chancellor Livingston, the Miss Liv- 
ingstons, Lady Temple, Madame de la Forest. 
tKn. Montgomery, Mrs. Knox, Mis. Thompson, 
%bs. OeRTi Mrs. Edgar, Mrs. McCamb. Mrs. 
3^Ildh, Hrs. Houston. Mis. Grlllln, Mis. £*[Ovost, 
the Miss Bayards, and a great number of other 
MapMtoble ohaiacters. 




A comparison betvreen those general principles 
of government the operation of which is never 
threatened by either parly at the present day 
and the maxims whlob Washington propounded to 
bis eountrymen in the Farewell Address might 
profitably be considered In an extended treatise. 
The pnipose of this brief paper is to Indicate 
a few of the results which a mere surfooe examina- 
tion has been found to yield. That daoument is 
as " famous' as the victory of Blenhehn, and 
not much more specifically significant to the men 
and women of to-day than was Marlborough's 
bloQdy triumph to the valiant and venerable 
Caspar. There is scarcely a schooLboy whose 
tongue is not famUiar with Its title, nor one 
adult In ten who has more than a shadowy con- 
ception of its contents. Moreovev, in spite of 
its histoiio lenown, preserved through more than 
nine decades and likely to be peipetual, there la 
at least an bicuse for doubting if its message 
ever had a definite and measurable Influence upon 
the mould of National thought and action. And 
yet, If the Address uad been adopted by universal 
consent at the moment of Its appearance as an 
Infallible chart to steer by in all weathers on 
penalty of shipwreck, and handed down from 
father to son as the only safeguard of National 
existence, a wider divergence from the course 
therein prescribed might reasonably have been 
expected to appear within a century than that 
which actually exists. If then, there is no etror In 
the hypothesis that the people of the United States 
have never consciously accepted Washington's 
farewell Injunctions as a political decalogue, the 
conclusion is inovltablo that he had an almost 
faultless prevision ot the manner in which a 
people so clroumstanoed and fit for self-govem- 
mcnt on a large scale must Inevitably oonduot 
theli aOainj; so that the extraordinary oorre. 
spondence between those prophetio tracings and 
the record of our actual development testifies that 
we have been worthy ot his solicitude rathec 
than that we have been faithful to his teachings. 

The word solicitude eomes easily to the pen 
after a study of the Farewell Address. Anxiety 
ol a despondent tinge Is the keynote of thnt 
production. There was much In Washington's 
personal experience and much In the aspect of 
National affairs to touoh bis refleotioni with 
melancholy. Ho longed for repose, but yet ha 
must have felt that keen sense ot dispossession 
which no man can escape who qolte the soNie ot 
action after a long exercise of power and a long 
enjoyment of precedence; and when he looked 
beyond himself he saw Uttle more than the vagtw 
outlines of an experiment. No one knew bettei 
than he that the checks and balances of toe 
Conscitntlon were the results of calculation and 
not of expeileoce. No one knew bettei than Im 



that the written law supplied no authentio guar- 
an tee of security and orderly development. No 
one Imew better than he that every government 
which is fit to endure must derive its strength 
from unprescribed virtues and sacrifices. Be- 
tween the lines of the Constitution ho read the 
unwritten conditions of National prosperity. 

Moreover, Washington had been personally as. 
Mtiled in a manner* so wanton and so malignant 
that the record of political controversies since 
his time may be searched without finding; 0i 
parallel to that chorus of defamation. How deep 
an impression was made upon his own mind by 
these assaults those who venerate his memory to. 
day are better able to judge than the most de- 
voted of his contemporaries. He was of course 
conscious of his own integrity and unselfishness 
but more than this, his consummate intuition 
must have oonvinced him of the essential sound- 
ness of his political firinciples and policy ; so that 
he was lustifled in apprehending that the blindness 
and bitterness which dictated open aversion to 
his character and boasted of open hostility to his 
purposes would be effectiml in overthrowing all 
that he valued most in the new system of gov- 
ernment. Such reflections as these, in part per. 
Bonal, but not the less on that account involving 
the f^ir yoxing fabric of Nationality, may reason, 
ably be supposed to explain the oppression of 
spirit under which the Farewell Address was 
written. They suggest, in addition, a sufficient 
cause for that stern rebuke of party organiza. 
tion and party zeal which seems to modem in- 
telligence to have been inspired by the only dis. 
torted imagS in the mind of Washington. Every 
benevolent partisan deprecates the passion and 
prejudice which our political rivalries engender, 
but there is no sagacious lover of his country 
who does not regard them as more tolerable and 
less menacing than placid acquiescence in the 
assumption of authority claimed or conceded with, 
out a contest. Washington feared that, lilce the 
reptile which came out of the fire and ftotened 
upon the hand of Paul, there would emerge from 
the flames of party strife an oligarchy so tenacious 
that the young Hepublic would be unable to 
shake off the venomous beast. We believe to-day 
that the other extreme is the more dangerous, 
that our fierce struggles for supremacy supply the 
strongest defence against usurpation, and that 
freedom is kept bright by friction. 

Dpon this single point alone experience has 
discredited the judgment of Washington. Dis- 
carding this we find that the Farewell Address 
comprises six primary injunctions, from each of 
which numerous subsidiary observations naturally 
flow. The heads of his discourse are these: 
The paramount obligation of unity; the inviola- 
bility of the Constitution; the independence of 
the co-ordinate branches of Government; the 
cultivation of religion, morality, ftnd the means 
of education; the preservation of the public 
credit; conservative friendship and intercourse 
with foreign nations. Merely to state the broad 
propositions of Washington in respect to these 
sfx eondltiona of National .well-being is to discover 

that every one of them has become a political 
axiom; but still more expressive of Washington's 
penetrating intelligence is the further discovery 
that no single amplification of his theme has so 
much as grown old-fashioned in the lapse of 
ninety-two years. There have been periods in 
our history when the prevailing sentiment of a 
party or a section has diverged lamentably from 
more than one of the principles which he laid 
down, and the recovery is not even yet perfect 
in every instance ; but no open defence of such a 
deviation could longer be urged with any hope 
of general acceptance. 

Especially significant is the stress which Wash* 
ington lays upon the appeal which National unity 
makes to sentiment as distinguished from 
interest. When Constitutional Grovemment was 
only eight years old he felt the magic and the 
potency of the word American, and, more bus 
prising still, he did not distrust the sovereignlir 
behind the name. We occasionally encounter even 
not a despondent soul who doubts tlie ca- 
pacity of free institutions to maintain thdi 
authority over a territory so viide and a popula- 
tion so fast and so prolific. Washington looked 
with unfaltering eyes from the narrow fringe 
of settlements along the coast beyond the isolated 
communities of the interior, and declared that it 
was criminal to Jiqiten to speculation. Let 
experience solve the question, he wrote; and, 
like Webster forty years later, he woiLld not 
seek to penetrate the veil and see what lay. 
beyond disunion. 

Washington knew that respect for the Con- 
stitution would be weakened by miscellaneous 
inroads upon its principles, and dreaded its trans- 
formation by amendment into something radically 
dilferent from the original bond. It is an extraor- 
dinary f^ct that only one amendment was 
enacted, though hundreds were proposed, between 
the date of the Farewell Address and the dose 
of the Bebellion, while the three which since then 
have become a part of the fundamental law were 
not conceived in an idle spirit of innovation, but 
flowed logically and inevitably from the unsuccess- 
ful issue of an attempt to disrupt the Qnion. 
The principles of the Constitution have never 
been successfully invaded, and the spirit of 
innovation is far less active now than it was 
in the first half of the century. 

Nor has the kindred possibility of encroach- 
ment by one department of Government upon 
another been realized. The vigorous denunciation 
which follows the occasional manifestation of a 
tendency on the part of the Executive branch 
to disregard the expressed will of the Legislative,' 
as for instance under President Cleveland In 
connection with the Fisheries dispute, is not less 
satisfactory and less hopeful for the future than 
popular acquiescence in the failure of the Legis- 
lative branch to overawe the Executive, as during 
the Administration of President Hayes. It is 
unnecessary to allude to alleged breaches made 
in the Constitution during the hurricane of civil 
war, further than to say that self-preservation 
is the first law of nations as well as of individuals. 


W« often luoi Oie assertion, Bometlmes fUppanti 
and tometlmes cegretful, that lespect tor nllgton. 
uid morality has declined, and It Is possible that 
even the discernment of Washington would be at 
lanlt If be were suddenly brought face to face 
wltlk modem olvllizatlon ; but It is the spirit 
that quiokeneth, and we are not yet compelled 
to admit that the spiritual forces behind new 
forms of thought and new modes of expression | 
are lass Tltal and pervasive than they ever 
wen. And certainly '' Inatituttons for the general 
dlKuBlon of knowledge," which Washington in- ' 
eluded with religion and morality among the 1 
inexorable conditions of national eitlsWuoe, have ' 
mnltiplit^ to an extent which he could never 
have imagined. 

When Washington enjoined upon his oountry- 
Den the sacred preservation of the public credit 
the possibility of such an expenditure as the Na- 
tion was forced to make beliween 1861 arad I8S5 
in defence of Its life was simply inconceivable, 
but the duty of discharging in peace the debts in- 
caned In war has been bo rigidly construed as to 
present one of the noblest manffestationB of na- 
tional character the . world has ever seen. We 
are no longer In danger of " ungenerously throw- 
ing upon poateril^ the buitlieu which we ourselves 
oof^t to Dear," but latber of accepting too large 
■ Btaaie of the saoriSoeq which were made not less 
for posterity than for ourselves. 

No part of the Farewell Address Is more solemn 
and InsiBtentL and none applies a more searohiog 
test of Washington's amazing foresight than the 
part irtiioh discusses our foreign lolatlona. lb 
corresponds so perfectly not only to our unchange- 
able policy, but to the universal sentiment^ that If 
It had been the first article of the Constitution, in- 
stead of an individual's free-will offering, it could 
not have been more explioitly adhered to. Wash- 
ington urged the people to friendship with all 
nations, and warned them against " inveterate 
antipathies" and " passionate attachments." It is 
an extraordinry thing, when human frailties and 
Ibe vicissitudes of a century are considered, that 
there should be to-day no country in the world 
lor which as a political entity, or for whose citi- 
zens as social units, the Government and people of 
the United States have either a paramount aSeo- 
tlon or a rooted dislike. Until one has made a 
mental circuit of the globe in search of an excep- 
tion, he fails to realize the fact and its singularity. 
It costs us no elfort to hold the scales even, be- 
cause there is no temptation to tip them. We 
have more in common with our kin beyond the sea 

a thousand individual ties unlt« us, but the 
munity of laws, of language and of race, so lar 
from kindling a " passionate attachment)" has 
not even inspired a universal preference. Still 
more fortunate, if not more remarkable, Is it that 
m) foreign nation is so widely separated from us in 
Instincts and understanding as to have become tbe 
object of an " Inveterate antipathy." There are 
nations whose ways are not our vrays, whose 
tlioughts are not our thoughte, and whose systems 
of govemmenD are the very antipodes of freedom, 
but all that we are able to find in our hearts 

yinst them is a lack of sympathy. This stato 
feeling has become a second nature, but it 
there were no other evidence of the fact, Wash- 
ington's earnest longing that we might attain , 
unto it Is conclusive evidence that It Is not native, 
but acquired. How wonderful, again, the rda- 
tioD betvreen prophet! o entreaty and practical 

This brief analysis wiU not be valueless if it 
suggests to even a few of The Tribune readers an 
attentive study of the Farewell Address. That 
outflow of a lofty spirit furnished to the con- 
temporaries of Washington an imperfectly recoe- 
nlzM meaanre of his sagacity and devotioiL To 
iBgennons minds In every generation nntit the 
end of time It mnst appear almoit mlraoolons. 





What Librarian SpoiTord regards as one of the 

most precious tieasures in the great Library 'at 

Congress la a modest manuscript volume, yellow 

with age, upon the first page of irbloh Is written ; 

" Orders Issued by His Excellency, 

General Wasldngton, 

Auoo Domini 


It IB not an autograph, but is a literal transcript 
of the original, made, as the last page shows, by 
■* Captain Dexter, A. G.° 

Said Mr. Spofford to a friend recently : "It la 
a book which every man, especially every Amer- 
ican, can read with profit^ and tbe study of whlob 
will increase his admiration for Washington." 

The volume covers a period which antedates by 
eleven years the beginning of the Oovernmeni 
under the Constitution, the Centennial of which 
is to be celebrated next week. It was the crucial 
period of the Revolution, and if Washington had 
been less strong, less able, patient and devoted 
then. It may well be doubted whether his txi- 
umphal Journey from Moont Vernon to Hew-York 
eleven years later would ever have been per- 

The daily entiles from January 1 to June 18 
are dated at Yalley Forge, and they exhibit In a 
strong light, some of the characteristics of Wasb- 
iugton, which it vnU be profitable to recall at this 

February had been a month of great and unus- 
ual de privation and suffering for the little army 
at Valley Forge, and on Sunday, March 1, Wash- 
ington published in general orders this appeal to 
the patriotism and constancy of his soldiers, which 
is worth reading again now: 

The Commander-ln-Chlet takes occasion to re- 
tnm his earnest thanks to the virtuous Oflloers 
and Soldiery of this Army for that persevering 
fidelity and Zeal which they have uniformly mani- 
fested in all their conduct; their fortitude not 
only under the common hard^ie incident to a 
military life, but also under the additional suffer- 
ings to which the peculiar situations of these 
States have exposed them, clearly proves them 
worthy of the enviable privilege of oontendilig for 
the rights of human nature, the Freedom and In- 
dependence of their country. The recent Instance 
of uncomplaining Patience during the Scarcity of 
provisions in Camp is a fresh proof that 'they 
possess In an eminent degree the Spirit of Soldiers 
iirid tlie magniummity ol Patriots. The few' re- 
fractory individuals who disgrace themselves by 
murmurs, it is to be hoped, have repented suiiti 
unman^ behaviour, and resolved to emulate the 
no'ble examples of their associates upon every trial 
which the customary casualties of war may here- 
after throw in their way. Occasional distress for 
want of provisions ond other neoeesarlea is a 
sjsctaole that frequently occurs in every ygay, 
and perhaps there never was one which has been 
In general so plentifully supplied in respeot to the 
former as ours. Surely we, who are free OitianB 



task of laying the foandations of an Empire, 
should scoim effeminately to shrink under those 
accidents and rigours of war which mercenary 
hirelings, fighting in the Oause of lawless ambi- 
tion, rapine and devastation, encounter with 
cheerf uLaess and alacrity» we should not be merely 
equal, we should be superior to them in every 
gratification that dignifies the man or the Soldier 
m proportion as the motive from which we act and 
the final hopes of our toil are SuD«)rloi tc theirs. 
Thank Heaven! our country abounds with pri- 
TisioDS, and with r*mdent mauagem^nt wo need 
not apprehend want for any length of time. Defects 
in the Commissaries' Department^ Contingencies 
of weather and other temporary impediments have 
subjected and may again subject us tc a deficiency 
for a few days ; but. Soldiers ! American Soldiers 1 
will despise the murmurs of repining at such 
trifling Strokes of Adversity, trifling indeed when 
oompe.r«5d t«i the transcendent Pri/e which will un- 
doubtedly crown their Patience and Perseverance 
— Oloiy and Frcoclom, I*eace and Plenty to them- 
selves and the oomm.mity ; The Admiration of the 
World, the Love of tiieir Country and the Grati- 
tude of Pasterity 

The Greneral unceasingly employs his thoughts 
on the Means of relieving your distresses, supply- 
ing your wants and bringing your labors to a 
speedy and prosperous issue. Our Parent Coun- 
ty, he hopes, will second his endeavors by the 
most vigorous exertions, and he is convinced the 
ftithful officers and soldiers associated with him 
in the great work of rescuing our Country from 
Bondage and misery will continue tn the display 
of that patriotic zeal which is capable of Smooth- 
ing every difficulty and Vanquishing every Ob- 

Washington's genius for details and keen solici- 
tude for the comfort of his soldiers are disclosed 
on almost every page. Here are extracts from 
the orders of Januaiv l 

^ As this day begins the new year the General 
orders a gill of spirits to be issued to each non- 
commissioned Officer and Soldier." Thereafter, 
however, a spirit ration was to be issued only 
upon ** general or special orders from Head Quar- 

** The commanding officer of each Begiment is to 
give in a return at Orderly time to-morrow of the 
number of tailors in the Begiment he commands, 
and no more cloathing to be made for the use of 
any Begiment but by a pattern which will be fur- 
nished them. A considerable number of Frees and 
some Axxes are ready to be issued at the Quarter 
Master's stores." ** Hutts" were to be built to 
shelter the half-naked and barefooted trooi)s, and 
** Frees and Axxes" were welcome. On January 
5, ** Commissaries are without delay to provide 
soap to be issued to the troops ; soft soap is to be 
procured if hard soap cannot be obtained." 

On January 6 Begimental Surgeons are ordered 
to report to Dr. Cochran, the Surgeon-Greneral, 
^ all men in their Begiments who have not had .the 
Small Pox. They will also call on Dr. Cochran 
for what sulphur they meed for the use Of their 

The Soap supply was still inadequate on Jan- 
uary 12, and the Brigade Quartermasters were 
directed ** to fix upon a plan for collecting all the 
dirty tallow, and saving the ashes for the purpose 
of making soft soap for the use of the Army ; and 
also to boil out the oil from the feet of the 
huUockB and preserve it tor the use of the Arms." 

On January 18,** The Commander-in-Chief is 
surprised to hear that the butchers have extorted 
money from the Soldiers for the plucks of beef— 
The Commissaries are therefore directed to issae 
the head and pluck together at 8 pounds, and the 
Quarter Masters are to see that the different Com- 
panies draw it in turn." 

On Jaoiuary 15, ** The Quarter Master Greneral is 
positively ordered to provide Straw for the use of 
the Troops, and the Surgeons to see that the Sick 
when they arc removed to the hutts assigned for 
hospitals are plentifully supplied with this Arti- 

It was mid-winter, and many of the men were 
still unshod, and under date of January 16 is 
found this entry : ** Brigade Commanders are to 
meet this evening at General Yarnum's Quarters 
to consult and agree upon proper and speedy meas- 
ures to exchange raw hides for Shoes." 

From an entry dated January 18, the problem 
seems to have been settled as follows : ** Hides 
to be sent to the country in charge of an officer of 
each Brigade to be excbanged for Shoes ; ELides at 
4d. per pound for shoes at 10s. per pair." 

On June 21, when the Army halted at Caryell's 
Ferry, on its march toward Monmouth battle-field, 
these entries appear : ** A gill of Spirits per man 
to be issued to the Troops this day. • • • No 
men are to be permitted to bathe until sunset." 

On June 22, Commanders of Companies are or- 
dered ** to see that their men fill their canteens 
before they begin the march, that they may not be 
under the necessity of running to every Spring, 
and injuring themselves by drinking cold water 
when heated with marching." 

At Brunswick, where the Army lay for several 

days after the victory at Monmouth, this entry is 
made July 2 : ^ The men are to wash and cleapse 
themselves ; they are to be conducted to bathe in 
Squads by non-Commissioned Officers, who are to 
prevent their bathing in the heat of the day, or re- 
maining too long in tiie water." 

Washington looked carefully after the morals 

of his Army, and gaming and duelling met with 

severe reprobation and punishment at his hands. 

In disapproving the recommendation to mercy by 

a Court-Martial, which had convicted an officer of 

gambling, he took pains to say that that was the 

main ground of his action. In that dreary winter 

at Valley Forge many of the officers and men re^ 

sorted to gambling for excitement. The vice be* 

came so prevaleait that on January 8 this order 

was issued : 

The Commander-in-Chief is informed that gam- 
ing is again creeping into the Army; 'in a more 
espedal manner among the lower Staff in the en- 
virons of the Camp. He, therefore, in the most 
solemn terms decmres tnat this vice in either 
Officer or Soldier shall not, when detected, escape 
exemplary punishment; and to avoid disorindna- 
tion between play and gaming forbids Cards and 
Dice under any pretence whatsoever. 

Washington apparentiy drew a broad distinction 
between card-playimg and lottery-drawings, for on 
Monday, April 27, this appeared in general orders 
of the day : 

A few Continental Lottery Tickets to be sold at 



the Orderly Office. The drawing of the Lottery 
will oommenoe the first of next month. 

In the Bevolutionary Army, as well as jn mod- 
em armies, the quartermaster and the commissary 
needed a good deal of watching. When one was 
convicted of dishonesty he found no mercy at 
Washington's hands. On January 5, he approved 

the sentence of a Court-Martial in the case of Den- 
luun Ford, a Commissary in General Gieene's Di- 
vision, who had been convicted of theft. Ford's 
sentence was: 

To pay Mr. Spencer amd Mr. Holliway two hun- 
difbd dollars, and that after he shall procure a cer- 
tificate from the aforesaid Gentlemen of the pay- 
ment of the above sum, he shall be brought firom 
the Provost Guard, mounted on a horse back fore- 
most, without a saddle, his coat turned wrong side 
out, his hands tied behind him, and be drummed 
out of the Army (nevermore to return) by all the 
drums of the division to which he belongs, and 
^at the above sentence be published in the News 

On January 11, he approved the sentence of 
dishonorable dismissal in the case of Quartermc^s- 
ticr John Bea, 6th Penn. Regiment, convicted of 
**i/audulent practices." Two days later, in the 
oase of Lieutenant Joseph Fish, of Colonel Dur« 
^ee's Regiment, who was convicted of ** Squander- 
:ing away public stores," and sentenced ** to return 
"the stores so Squandered (being a firelock) into 

-the public Store, to forfeit all his pay, and to be 
dismissed from the Service," General Washington 
remitted the forfeiture of pay, but confirmed the 
remidrnder of the sentence. 

The language of a sentence set forth in orders 
under date of January 17 indicates that it was 
inspired by a just amount of indignation, which 
was shared by the Commander-in-Chief. Here it 

Captain Lambeith, of 14th Virginia Regiment^ 
tryed for stealing a hat from Captain Ellis, was 
found guilty and unanimously sentenced to be 
cashier^ and deemed Scandalous in an officer to 
associate with him in future, and that his Crime, 
Name, place of Abode and i)unishment be published 
in and about Camp and in the News Papers of 
every State, particularly the State he belongs to, 
and that he pay Captain Ellis thirty dollars for the 
hat he stole of him, also the expenses of the wit- 
nesses against him, and the expense of an Express 
sent for the witnesses, which shall be paid before 
hie is released from his confinement. The Com- 
matnder-in-Chief approves the sentence and orders 
it to take place immediately. 

Under date of February 8 appears the record in 
the case of Lieutenant Grey, who was convicted 
of ** theft, absence without leave, and other be- 
haviour unbecoming the character of an officer 
and gentleman, associating with a soldier—robbing 
and infamously stealing." The sentence of Lieu- 
tenant Grey was : 

To have his sword broken over his head on the 
grand parade at guard mounting, that he be dis- 
charged the Regiment, and rendered Incapable of 
serving any more as an officer in the Army, and 
that it be esteemed a crime of the blackest Dye Id 
an officer or even Soldier to associate with him 
after the execution of this just, though mfld pun- 

His Excellency the Commander-in-Chief ap- 
proves the Sentence and orders it to be put in Exe- 
cution to-morrow morning at guard mounting. 

The ** just though mild punishment" of Lieu- 
tenant Grey was more severe than that Infilcted 
upon Lieutenant Austin Alden, of Colonel Brew- 

er's Regiment, who for ** taking Jack Brown's al- 
lowance of whiskey and drinking it. anid refusing 
to pay for it," was cashiered on Feoruary 17; or 
that of Lieutenant William Williams, 10th Va. 
Rfegiment, who, for ** buying a pair of Continental 
shoes of a soldier, and thereby rendering the sol* 
dier unfit for service," was dishonorably dismissed 
the service on February 6. 

The non-observance of Sunday by the officers 
and soldiers under his command appears to have 
given Washington much concern, and on Satur- 
day, May 2, he issued this order: 

The Commander-in-Chief directs that divine 
service be performed every Sunday at 11 o'clock 
in those Brigades to which there are Chaplains— 
those which have none to attend the places of 
worship nearest to them— it is expected that Officers 
of all Ranks will by their attendance set an 
Example to their men. While we are zealously 
performing the duties of good Citizens and 
Soldiers, we certainly ought not to be inattentive 
to the higher duties of Religion. To the dis- 
tinguished Character of Patriot it should be our 
highest Glory to add the more distinguished Char- 
acter of Christian. The Signal Instances of provi- 
dential Goodness which we have experienced, and 
which have now almost crowned our labors with 
complete success, demand from uft in a peculiar 
manner the warmest returns of Gratitude and 
Piety to the Supreme Author of all Good. 

After orders May 2 1778: 

No fatigue parties to be employed on Sunday 
until further orders. 

" Independence Day," 1 778, was celebrated by 
Washington and his Army with unusual enthusi- 
asm. Only a week before they had won the 
victory of Monmouth, and officers and men were 
in high spirits. It would have been a great day 
indeed had not the means at command been so 
inadequate. Ammunition was as scarce as it was 

precious and the firing of thirteen cannon in 
honor of the day was of itself a matter of grave 
consideration. The powder was needed to send 
missiles after Clinton's retreating army. When 
it came to the firing of musketry by the entire 
army the problem was still more serious, but the 
difficulty was overcome— and in a manner which 
shows &e pitiful straits to which the Patriot 
Army was reduced. The orders for the occasion 
were as foUows: 

Brunswick Limding, July 3, 1778.— To-morrow 
the anniversary of the Declaration of Independ- 
ence wiU. be celebrated by the firing of thirteen 
Sieces of cannon, and a feu do joie of the whole 
ue The soldiers nre to adorn their 

hats with green boughs and to make the best 
appearance possible. Double allowance of rum 
will be served out. 

On the following day the order was repeated in 
greater detail. As no blank cartridges were to be 
had, and lead was precious, the men were in- 
structed to select the " worst cartridges," and after 
removing the bullets to use the blanks for the 
salute. Although it was a day of rejoicing, the 
court-martial appointed two days before to try 
Sfojor-General Charles Lee, for his misconduct in 
tlie battle of Monmouth, was directed to con- 
tinue in session. The sharp edge of Washington's 
wrath was not yet blunted. The last order of 
tiie day read as follows : 

The Commander-in-Chief presents his compli- 
ments to the general officers and ollicers command, 
ing brigades, the Commissary, Muster Master 
and Judge Advocate Generals, with the Surgeon- 
General of the Hospital and desires the pleasure 
of their company to dine with him at 3 o'clock 
this arternoon. 










Gzandf&tber is ninety; but he reads his neyrs- 
papers without spectacles, and BAys this is be- 
cause he has always smoked very strong dgars, 
and has not. forgotten in sixty years to take a 
thimbleful of whiskey every night before going 
to bed. Grandfather, as you may infer, is lively 
yet^ and it Is a family tradition that about 
1820 he was one of the gayest bucks on Pearl-st. 
We were all paying him our regular Sunday 
morning visit. There were four generations of 
us— father, who is a stout old gentleman now of 
sixtiy-flve, and I, who have reached the point 
where, by turning my head a little, I can look 
back at thirty-five, and my bo^ Dave, twelve 
years old, who is the gravest one of the lot, of 

The old man had been reading a good deal 
about the Centennial,' and was rather scornful. 
" You may talk,* said he, " of your land parade 
and your water parade, but I don't believe 
they will approach the two big shows I can remem- 

" Which were those ?" I asked. 

•• Why, the great procession, when the Constitu- 
tion was adopted," said he, •* and the water parade 
and procession when the Erie Canal opened." 

" Come,' come; grandfather," said father, laugh- 
ing; " you can't remember when the Constitution 
was adopted. That was 102 years ago." 

Grandfather laughed. ** I have got a pretty 
good memory," said he, ** but it does not go 
as fto back as that, does it? But I have heard 
my father tell about it so often that I feel as if 
I had been there. Dave," said he, to the boy, 
"get Mrs. Lamb's History of New-York off the 
third shelf there, and find the celebration of the 
adoption of the Constitution. That gives a lot 
of details I should forget." Dave Is proud of his 
abilitiT to use an index, and pored earnestly over 
the page. 

" You see," Grandfather went on, " ten States 
had adopted the Constitution, and it was sure 
to go into effect. It only needed nine. But the 
New-York convention hadn't voted yet. The 
politicians were quarrelling over it at Poughkeep- 
sie. You complain of your politicians— you ought 
to have seen some of oursl Such scamps! It 
looked as if there was danger New-York might 
not come into the Union, so it was thought a 
big demonstration of the feeling hero in New- 
York would Influence those fellows at Pough- 
keepsie. It was a grand affair. Your procession 
will have more people in it^ but it won't be as 
handsome," and the old gentieman shook his 
Iiead wftb great positiveness. •• Major L'Enfant, 
ffrbo afterward laid out the city of Washington, 

you know; arranged it." The old man took the 
book. "Yes, July 23, 1788. There, Dave, read 
me that." 

The morning was ushered In by a salute of thir- 
teen guns from the Federal ship Hamilton, moored off 
the Bowling Green. This vessel had been built for 
the occasion and presented by the ship carpenters. 
It was equipped as a frigate of thirty-two guns, 
twenty-seven feet keel and ten feet beam, with 
everything complete in proportion, both In hull and 
rigging, and was manned with upward of thirty sandrs 
and a full complement of officers, imder command of 
the veteran Ck>mmodore James Nicholson. It was 
drawn through the streets by ten beautiful horses. 

The procession was formed upon a soaile of vaca 
magnitude, and It being the first of the kind in New> 
York— or in America— which nothing since has ex- 
celled m magnificence of design or splendor of ef- 

''No, nor will very soon." said grandfather. 
a brief outline of Its principal features will viv- 

idly Illustrate the spirit of the age. It was marshalled 
In ten divisions, in honor of the ten States that had 
already acceded to the Constitution. The Grand 
Marshal was Colonel Blohard Piatt. His associate 
officers were Morgan Lewis— 

•• Afterward G tvemor' 

^Nicholas Fish 

** Yes, Colonel Fish, father of Hamilton, who 
will preside at the Metropolitan Opera House ban- 
quet. Hamilton is a nice boy." 

Dave continued: 

Aqulla Giles, James Fairlle, William Popham and 
Abljah Hammond. 

First came an escort of light-horse preceded by 
trumpeters and a body of artillery with a field-piece. 
Then foresters with axes, preceding and following 
Christopher Columbus on horseback. Farmers came 
next, Nicholas Cruger 

** One of the Crugers, you know." 

m farmer's costume, conducting a plough drawn. 

by three yoke of oxen. John Watts, also In farmer'is 
dress, guided a harrow drawn by oxen and horses, 
followed by a number of gentlemen farmers carrying 
Implements of husbandry. A newly-Invented thresh-* 
Ing-machlne was manipulated by Baron Pollnitz and. 
other gentlemen fanners In farmers' garb, grindmg^ 
and threshing grain as they passed along. Moimted. 
upon a fine gray horse, elegantly caparisoned, and 
led by two colored men In white Oriental dresses 
and turbans, Anthony Walton White bore the aims 
of the United States In sculpture, preceding the So- 
ciety of the Cincinnati In full military imiform. Gar- 
deners followed In green aprons, with the tools of 
their trade ; and then the tailors, attended by a band 
of music, making a brilliant display. The measurers 
of grain were headed by James Van Dyke, their ban- 
ner representing the measures used In their business, 
with the lines: 

** Federal measures, and measures true. 

Shall measure out Justice to us and to you." 
The bakers were headed by John Quackenboss and 
Frederick Stymetz. Ten apprentices, dressed In 
white with blue sashes, each carrying a large rose 
decorated with ribbons, and ten Journeymen In like 
costume, carrying Implements of the craft, were fCl- 
lowed by a large platform moimted on wheels, drawn 
by ten bay horses, bearing the ''Federal Loaf," Into 
which was baked a whole barrel of fiour, and labelled 



with the names in full length of the ten States thaii 
had ratified the Constftntlon. Their banner repre- 
sented the decline of trade under the old conf^era- 
tlon. The brewers paraded horses and drays, with 
hogsheads ornamented with hop- vines and barley. 
Upon the first, mounted on a tun of ale, was a be^ait- 
tlful boy of eight years, in olose-fitting flesh-colored 
Blllc, representing Bacchus, with a silver goblet in 
his hand. 

Giandfothefr was triumphant. '* Do you think 
youp fxtocesslon," said he, ** will show anything 
finer than that? Go on. Dave." 

The second divsiion was headed by the coopers, 
led by Peter Stoutenburg. Thirteen apprentices, each 
thirteen years of age 

•* Very little superstition, you seej among the 

—dressed In white shirts and trousers, with green 
ribbons on their ankles, carried kegs imder their 
left arms. They were followed by forty-two more 
in white leathern aprons, with green oak branches In 
their hats, and white oak branches In their right 
hands ; upon a car drawn by four bay horses decorated 
with green ribbons and oak branches were coopers 
at work, under John/ Post, as boss, upon an old 
cask, the staves of which all their skill could not 
keep together; and, In apparent despair at their 
repeated failures, they suddenly betook themselves 
to the construction of a new, fine, tight, iron-bound 
keg, which bore the name of the " New Constitution." 
Butchers followed with a car drawn by four horses, 
each mounted by a boy dressed In white, upon which 
was a stall neatly furnished, and butchers and boys 
busily at work; it also bore a fine bullock, of a 
thousand pounds weight, which was presented to 
the committee by the butchers, and roasted on the 
ground during the afternoon. This car was followed 
by one hundred of the trade, in clean white aprons. 
The banners were carried by William Wright and 
John Perrin. The tanners and curriers carried a 
picturesque emblem, with the motto, *f By union 
we rise to splendor." The skinners, leather^breeches 
makers and glovers were dressed in buckskin waist* 
coats, breeches,, gloves and garters— with bucks' tails 
In their hats. James Mott was the standard-bearer, 
their motto being, "Americans, encourage your own 
manufactures." To these William C. Thompson, the 
parchment manufacturer, attached himself, with a 
standard of parchment inscribed ''American manu- 
factured." The third division was happily and in- 
geniously conceived, and most effective in the novelty 
of its display; the cordwainers led, headed by James 
McCready, bearing a fiag with the arms of the craft, 
inscribed "Federal Cordwainers," followed by twelve 
masters ; then came the car of the Sons of St. Crispin, 
drawn by four milk-white horses, with postilions 
in livery, upon which was a shop, with ten men 
diligently at work; in the rear of the main body 
of 340 workmen, Anthony Bolton bore 
a similar fiag to the bne tn front. The fourth 
division began with the carpenters, who numbered, 
altogether, upward of two hundred; each carried a 
rule In his hand, and a scale and dividers hung from 
his neck with a blue ribbon. The furriers attracted 
much attention, their leader bearing a white bear-skin ; 
he was followed by an Indian in native costume, 
loaded with furs, notwithstanding it was one of the 
hottest days in July; a procession of workmen, clad 
In fur-trimmed garments, and a horse led by an 
Indian in a beaver blanket, with two bears sitting 
apon packs of furs upon his back, terminated the 

show, together with the unique figure- cf one of the 
principal men, dressed in a superb sciirlet blanket, 
wearing an elegant cap and plumes, and smoking a 
tomahawk pipe. 

" Doesn't it tell there," asked Grandfather, 
" about the blacksmiths and nailers, who made a . 
complete anchor on their stage during the march ?* 

'*Ye6." said Dave. 

** And what was their motto ?" 

" Forge me strong, finish me neat ; 
I soon shall moor a Federal fieet' 
" And what was it the stonemasons had ?" 

The boy read: 

" The stonemasons displayed a Temple of Fame, sup- 
ported by thirteen pillars, ten finished and three un- 
finished, with the inscription: 

" The foundation Is firm, the materials are good ; 

Each pillar's cemented with patriots' blood." 

** Yes," said Grandfather, ** there was a great 
deal more of the same sotU but read now about 
the ship Hamilton." 

The boy read: 

But by far the most imposing part of the gprgeous 
pageant was the Federal ship with Hamilton's name 
emblazoned upon each side of it, heading the seventh 
division, its crew going through every nautical prepara- 
tion and movement for storms, calms and squalls, as it 
moved slowly through the streets ; when abreast 
Beaver-st., the proper signal for a pilot brought a pilot 
boat, eighteen feet long, upon a wagon drawn by a pair 
of horses, from its harbor to the ship's weather quarter, 
and a pilot was received on board; when opposite 
Bowling Green the President and members of Congress 
were discovered standing upon the fort, and tlie ship 
instantly brought to and fired a salute of thirteen guna, 
followed by three cheers, which were returned by the 
Congressional dignitaries. When In front of the house 
of William Constable, in Pearl-st., Mrs. Edgar came to 
the window and presented the ship with a suit of 
colors. WhUe abreast of Old Slip, the Spanish Govern- 
ment vessel saluted the Hamilton with thirteen guns, 
which was returned with as much promptness as 
though actually a ship of war upon the high seas. 
The Marine Society followed in the wake of the pilot- 
boat, the president wearing a gold anchor at his left 
breast The printers, book-binders and stationers cama 
next, preceded by Hugh Galne and Samuel Loudon on 
horseback. Upon a stage, drawn by four horses, wad a 
printing press, with compositors and pressmen at work, 
several hundred copies of a song written by Duer being 
struck off and distributed among the crowd during the 
march* • • • •• 

Every class of the population participated in this 
remarkable procession. In the ninth division marched 
the Judges and lawyers in their robes, preceded by the 
sheriff and coroner; John Lawrence, John Coztoe, and 
Robert Troupe bore the ni6w Constitution elegantly 
engrossed on veUum. and ten students of law followed, 
bearing In order the ratifications of the ten States. 
The Philological Society, headed by its president, 
Joslah Ogden Hoffman, came next, the standard, with 
its arms, borne by WiUiam Dunlap; Noah Webster, 
the great American lexicographer, was In the pro- 
cession. The Regents of the University, and the 
president, professors and students of Columbia Col- 
lege, all in their Academic dresses, next appeared, 
their banner emblematical of science. Then the 
Chamber of Commerce, merchants and traders, John 
Broome, president of the Chamber, and William Max- 


«»U, vIoe-pnsldBDt at tbe Bapk at New-Yoctt, In ■ 
Ehulot, kcd Vllllun I.alght on honebmok beulng 
ft BtmQd&Td with thirteen bUfs abouC an oval flsld, 
and MBKWry surrounded by emblema ol oommBrca Bup- 
porttng tbe arms of the cjty. The tenth dlvlalon 
(inbntoed elergymen, phystelan). soholars, gentlcmsa 
and Btraogers, preceded by a blue flag wltb tlie motto, 
"Cnttfid we stand, divided we {all.* In the rear of 
tbe whole was a detachment of artillery. . . . 

The city was pervaded by a singular stlllnesa aa the 
novel procesBlon moved along [ts ohlet streets— watched 
by miiltltudeB even to the housetops— no sounds be- 
ing heard save that ot hones' hoots, oarrlago wheels, 
and the neoessary salutoB and slgDali. It disappeared 
beyond the trees and over tbe bills toward Canal-st. 
and Btoadw^, the point where the Lutheran Chureh 
had been offered a plot of six acres, which the trustees 
deolded " inszpeiilent to accept as a gift, since the 
land was not worth tenoing In.* 

" And now people are kHIlng one another to get 
claims in Oklahoma!" 

The line was over a mile and a half long, and con- 
tained mora than 5,000 persons. A great banquet 
had been prepared at the Bayatil country-seat, near 
Qrand-st, beneath a matla pavtUon temple, and the 
ship Hamilton olewed her topsails and came to aiiohor 
in flne'style. Tables were enread tor 6,000 persona, 
the m«sldent and members of Oongreas and other dls- 
Ungnlahad penonages occupying one in the oentre, Ele- 
vated a little above the othera. Above their heads the 
pavilion terminated In a dome surmounted by a Smire 
ot Fame, with her trumpet, proolalmlne a new era. and 
holding a scroll emblamatlo of the three great epoobs 
ot the War: "Independence, Alliance with Prance, and 
Peace. ' He colors of the different nations who bad 
formed treaties with the Unlled States, and esontoheons 
Inscribed with tbe names ot the ten States which had 
ratified the Oonslltatlon, added graatly to tbe brIIliancT 
oi the scone. At i o'clock a salute of thirteen iruns 
gave tbe signal for return to the city. The marob 
occnpled eomewbat over an hour. At halt past E the 
ship Hamilton anchored once more at Bowling Oreen. 
amidst the acclamations of thousands. In tbe even, 
tng there was a display ot Breworks under the dlreo- 
tion of Colonel Bauman. city postmaster and com- 
mander ot artilleiT, "wioEC constitution al Irascibility," 
writOT President Duer, "was eiceedinely provcifted by 
the moon, which shone with pertinacious brllUanoy. 
ao If in Mookery of his ti-obler llghiF." 

On the following Saturday, about o'clock In the 
evening, news reached tbe olty of the adoption ot the 
Constitution by the Convention at Pougbkeepsie on 

" It took hb two flftys to get tbe news, you see," 
said GrandfatieT. " So rnnoh for the celebration 
of the Conatltution. Now And the celebration of 
the opening of the Erie CanaL' Dave read 
slowly and carefully: 

Buffalo was intensely excited on the morning of tbe 
aeth of October, 1836. At 10 o'clock precisely the 
wators of liake Erie were admitted Into the canal, and 
the news was transmitted to New-York City In an 
hour and thfrty minutes by the discharge of cannons 
posted along the route at Intervals; New-York re- 
plied in the same manner, the sounds occupying a 
similar length ot time In passing through the air to 

" Three hours from Buffalo to New- York and 
back," sold Orandfathei. " What with delays and 
raesserigeE boys, yoo don't do any better than that 


The canal-boat Seneca Chief led off la fine style, 

drawn by four gray horses taoaifully caparlBoned. 
Qoveraor Clinton, Lleutenant-Oovemor James Tall. 
madge, EtepLen Van Bensaelaer, the Patroon, Gen- 
eral Solomon Van Bensselasr, Jacob Butsen Tan 
Rensselaer, Colonel WDllam I. Stone, the delegation 
tram New.York City, and nomerons Invited guests 
formed tbe travelling party. One of the oanal boats, 
Noah's Ark, was a novelty. Its cargo was like that 
ot lis namesake of old, having on board two 
eagles, a bear, two fawns, and a vaitetj 
of other " birda, beaala and cceeping 
things," with two Indian boys In tbe. dress ot Uielr 
nation- all products of the great unolvniied Weet^ 
Bach boat was gorgeously decorated. Along the entlis 
route to Albany, day and bight, the Inhabitants were 
assembled to greet tbe travellers. As tbe flotilla 
orossed the Genesee Kiver at Boobester, by a stODS 
acqueduct of nine arches, each of fltty feet span. It 
was hailed from a lltUe boat stationed oatenalbly "to 
protect the entranoe" with, "Who comes here!* 
" Your brotjiers from the Vest, on tbe waters ot tits 
Great Lakes,* waa the quick reply. " By what means 
have they been diverted so tar from their natural 
coursel" continued tbe questioner. "Through tJie 
channel ot the grand lErle Canal.' " By whose an- 
Qiorlty, and by whom, was a work ot suiji magni- 
tude accompli Bbed 3" was asked. "By tbe authcriQ 
and by tbe entorprlso ot the pei-iile ot the State el 
New-York," cried a oborua of voices from the Seneca 
Chief; and the pert little craft gave way, and the 
boals proudly entered the spacious basin at tlie 
end of the aqueduct, welcomed with a salute Ol 
artlllei-y and ttie most upraailous applause, the com- 
mittees standing under an arch surmounted by an 
eagle, and an Immeuse concourso of peupte extending 
as lar as the eye should reach on ovcry side. 

" Yes, that was the way it was all along the 
canal and down the Hudson Biver to Mew-York 
How ruud about the oelebiation here." 

Tbe sun rose In a, clear sky on tbe morolng ot tha 

at ItR I'lsing hi lue ringing ul bells, martial music, aad 
j,_ ... ..,i._ u,.. _.... !.^ lUustrioul 

„-- -- ot bho guaats; ihi 

handsome steamboat boie the banuor o 
ratlou, and when witblo balling dlsi 
Seneca Chief, inquired — ■■ — ~ - — 

the c 

' ot I 

— — from, and 

'ihe reply came 
. __ . Lake Erie, and bjund for 

Bandy Hook." A tew moments later tue gentlemen 
stood in tbe presence ot the (iovernor, and Alde^ 
man Coudivy performed bis duty In a graceful and 
appropriate speech of welcome. 

Tbe aquatic procession, comprising twenty-nint 
steam vessels, besides ships, scboooers, baiges, canal- 
boats, and other craft, moved toward the ocean at 
o'clock. 'ilie U asblnetoo took tbe lead, bear- 
ing the Mayor and corporation of New-YorJt, the 
clergy, tbe Boclety of Ihe ClDclnnaii, army and navy 
offl eel's, foreign magnates, and otfaor dlbtlngnial.ed 
BuestB. The ship llamlot. dressed lor the occasion 
with the Hags of all rations, and crowded with mailoe 
and nauMoal societies, was takeri In tow by the 
Oliver Ells worth. Tbe safety barges l.ady Clln- 
ten and Lady Van Bensselacr were attached to 
the steamboat Commerce, and crowded with ladlei 
In elegant costumes. The. tnrmer. giaved by the 
presence of Miy. Clinton, was superbly decorated from 
Btem to stem with evergre-ins hung In tesloonE, and 
intertwined with brigbt-colorsd flowers. The British 
armed vessels In tbe harbor saluted and cheered the 
squadron, which ImTnedlately passed round them In 
a circle, the bands playing ''God Save the King," In 
courteous rraponse to "Yankee Doodle' from the 
BrltlsTi musicians. The military and the forts sa- 
luted the vessels as they passed. The paeeant was 
tbe most maenlflcrnt which America, and perhapi 
the world, had ever beheld. It was like a bewilderi. 
Ins folry scene. On reaching the ocean a Natlnnal 
Bchooner. sent down tbe night before for tbe pur- 
pose appeared as a "deputulon from Neptune.* te 

B were, and the 'ibject ot tl 



comlDR. The whole fleet then formed a circle of 
about three gilles in circumference. 

The Seneca Chief bore two elegant begs filled with 
Labe Erie water, painted green with glided hoops, and 
adorned with devloes and inscriptions. Clinton 

** How they cheered him I You see, the politi- 
cians had turned him out of the Canal Commis- 
sionership, although he was the father of the canal. 
But the people took him up and made him Gov- 

lifted one of these kegs high In the air, and In 

full view of the assembled multitude poured Its c(m- 
tents Into the briny ocean, saying: ^ This solemnity 
at this place, on the first arrival of vessels from Lahe 
Erie, is Intended to indicate and commemorate the 
navigable communication which has been accomplished 
between our mediterranean seas and the Atlantic 
Ocean In about eight yeai's, to the extent of more than 
425 miles, bv the wisdom, public spirit and energy of 
the people of the State of New- York ; and may the God 
of the heavens and the earth smile most propitiously on 
this work and render It subservient to the best Interests 
of the human race." .... 

The marvellous order attending the magical move- 
ments of the fleet was the source of unceasing delight 
to the spectators upon the shores. Steamboats, canal- 
boats, pflot-boats, ships and barges were thrown at 
gleasure into squadron or line, Into curves or circles, 
y pre-arranged signals. Reaching the Battery about 
half-past 2 In the afternoon, the corporation and guests 
were received by an immense procession flve miles long, 
which had been parading the streets since 10 o'clock 
in the morning, and thence proceeded to the City Hall. 
The procession was fashioned after the great Federal 
pageant of 1788, embracing all the various societies 
and Industries of the city— Including flfty-nine different 
bodies of men. Bands of music were in scarlet and 
gold, and enormous cars or stages were fltted up In 
the most ingenious and uitiqtio manner. Four beauti- 
ful gray horses drew the tin-plate workers' and copper- 
smiths' car, bearing the five double locks at Lookport, 
represented In copper, with boats ascending and 
descending through the locks continually as the pro- 
cession moved; twenty-four tin stars on each side of 
the looks represented the States of the Union. 

^ Yes, and after that there were some of the 
finest fireworks I ever saw, and the next day a 
great dinner on board the Chancellor Livingston, 
and on Monday, the 7th of November, a great 
ball« where there were 3,000 people present. I 
didn't KO to bed at all that night, and I*ve never 
regretted it," said the old man humorously. 

^ But you must come and see our parade. Grand- 
father," said I. " You know we have got a window 
for you." " O, I'll come," said he carelessly— 
** There'll be a lot of people, of course, but it 
won*t have the tone our celebration had. P D. Jj. 



A young lady upon whom the great Washing- 
ton in his youth looked with somewhat tender 
approval was Miss Cary. To her he wrote his 
only poem, the MS. of which now reposes in the 
State Department at Washington. The following 
is an exact copy of this poem, punctuation, capitals 
and all: 

Oh Ye Gods why should my Poor, Besistless 

Stand to approve thy Might and Power, 
At liast surrender to Oupids f^ather'd Dart 

And now lays Bleeding every Hour 
For her that's Pityless of my grief and Woes 

And will not on me Pity take 
rie sleep amongst my most inveterate Foes 

And with gladness never wish to wake 
In deluding sleepings let my Eyelids close 

That in an enraptured Dream I may 
In a soft lulling sleep and gentle repose 

Possess those joys denied by Day. 

TO G. W. 

(A few familiar rhymes by a bard whose bump of rev- 
erence possibly is not well developed.) 

Could you this gala week return to us. 

The while your praises thimder, 
Would all the varied feathers and the fuss 

Appeal to you, I wonder? 

You'd note the proofs displayed on every side. 

In each glad flag and banner, 
■That you were still the country's Joy and pride. 

Loved In the old fond manner. 

But would that please your mighty soul— to know 

You hold your old position ; 
Or did you tire, many moons ago 

Of human recognition 9 

Would not amazement Undle In your eye 

Hearing the hatchet story. 
And learning thus not e'en one whitest lie 

Alloys your crown of glory I 

Would not your heart where anger never raged. 

Which ne'er could malice stir, 
nave sore deplored the battle lately waged 

'Gainst Ward McAllister? 

Von first In peace had calmed that civic broil 

And made all hearts feel merry, 
Disseminating streams of soothing oU 

On Ward and Fish and Gerry I 

Don't miss the Ball ; with what a mighty thrill 

Of deep, timiultous pleasure, 
We'd mark you lead that famous first quadrille. 

And tread a stately measure I 

What joy to see you dance and thus to know 

You're no abstraction frigid,— 
O, why did history ever draw you so, 

Like to some ramrod rigid? 

Don't miss the Banguet; thy beloved name 

Shall ring with every beaker. 
And with resistless eloquence Inflame 

Each after-dinner speaker 1 

Don't miss the Banquet ; be it ours to see, 

O favorite son of glory, 
Your august lips quite puckered up with glee 

O'er Chaimcey's latest story I 

Don't miss the Stands ; look close and you shall see 

Crowds of each age and station, 
Who graft their names on thy ancestral tree. 

And hall you blood relation I 

Don't miss the Soldiers ; thoy revere in you 

The coimtry's great defender. 
Command once more, lead on the brave and true 

Who die, but ne'er surrender I 

Don't miss CentennlalWeek ; come back,oome now, 

O father of the Nation, 
To whom the world forevermore shall bow 

In love and admiration I 




From th4 Franklin Square Song Colleetion. Copyright ; 1888 ; By J. P. ifcCaakey. 

1798. Hail, Co-lum-bia ! hap- py land, Hail, ye heroes, heav'n-born band. Who fought and bled in 

1 . Look our ransomed shores around, Peace and-safe-ty we have found ! Welcome, friends who once 

2. Graven deep with edge of steel. Crowned with Victory's crimson seal, All the world their names 

3. Hail, Co-lum-bia ! strong and free, Throned in hearts from sea to sea ! Thy march tri-umph - ant 

freedom's cause, Who fought and bled in freedom's cause. And when the storm of war was gone En - 
were foes! Welcome, friends who once were foes. To all the conquering years have gained, — A 
shall read ! All the world their names shall read, Enrolled with his, the Chief that led The 
still pur-sue I Thy march triumphant still pur - sue With peaceful stride from zone to zone. Till 

joy'd the peace your val- or won. Let in - de-pendence be our boast, Ev - er mind-ful 

na - tion's rights, a race unchained! Children of the day new-born, Mind-ful of its 

hosts, whose blood for us was shed. Pay our sires their children's debt, Love and hon - or,— 

Free-domfinds the world her own! Blest in Union's ho - ly ties. Let our grateful 

what it cost; 
glorious mom, 
nor for - get 
song a - rise, — 

Ev - er grate - ful for the prize. Let its al - tar reach the skies. 

Let the pledge our Fath- ers signed. Heart to heart for - ev - er bind ! 

On - ly Un - ion's gold- en key Guards the ark of Lib - er - ty ! 

Ev - ery voice its trib - ute lend, — All in lov - ing cho - rus blend ! 

11798. Firm, u - ni - ted, let us be, Ral - ly - ing round our lib - er 
1(1-3). While the stars of heaven shall bum, While the o-cean tides re 

jJLj! m-M ^L^- ^ <2 rW- 

■ ty, 


band of 
er may the 

g^ ^^« g^^-g^ . 

roth -ers join'd. Peace and safe - ty we shall find, 
circ - ling sun Find the Ma - ny still are One ! 


SONS OP TFI"R ■RF.VOT.TTTTON original Colonies or States ot ot the national Gov- 

OUi^O KJV iHJli XlXiVUijUliWi-N. p~^.n. assists tn PBtabTlsliinir Amerioon Infla. 






Tlie New-York SooieW of 
Sons of the Kevolution had 
the honor of playlD^ two 
eeparate and important pacts 
. the Centenutal Celebra~ 
I tion. They were amoug 
I those who orisinAted the 
vement for the celebra- 
D iteeif : and to tliem fell 
the pleaeaut duty of reoeiv- 
the President ot the 
Dnited States when he landed at 
Wall-st. on April 29 and of escorting 
bin) to the Equitable Building. They oooupied 
the place of honoi in the piocefisioa that day. 
Uiuteting about 250 men, they marched in oom- 
panies of twelve, single rank, just ahead of the 
cocriages containing the PresideutiaJ pairty, and 
pleseuted a striking appearance. Many ot the 
Bnaugements for the celebration were also in 
their hands. This right was peculiarly theii-s. 
Theli ancestors hod had the disunotion ot taking 
part in the wock of forming the new Bei>ubha 
and winning its independence ; and it was fitting 
thali the descendants should be connected, not 
mly with the early preparations (or the Cen- 
tennial, but the celebraUou itself. 

The New-York Society of Sons of the Eevolu- 
tion was formed December 4, 18Ba, at Frauncc's 
Tavern, corner ot Broad and Pearl sts.. Mew- York 
CltFi 1" the very room in which WasliintfCon had 
bjdd!en farewell to his olflcers a hundred years 
before. The active founders of the asaaciation 
were John Cochrane, Austin Huntington, Fred- 
eriok S. Tallmadiie, Asa Bird Gardiner, Joha 
Austin Stevens, George H. Potts, George W. W. 
Houghton, Thomas H. Edsall. Joseph W. Dtexel, 
James Uordmer Montgomery, James Duane Liv- 
ingston and Alexander B,. Thompson, jr. These 
men, with a number ot others, had taken port tn 
the oelebtatioD. of Evacuation Day on November 
24, 1883, and the formation of a society ot de- 
Bccndants of the Pevolution by them grew In 
part out of that oeiebiatioiL. The first ofQcers 
ot the society were : 

President— John Austin Stevens. 

Viee-PreaJ dent— John Cochrane, 

Secretary— Austiui HutttJogton. 

Treasurer— George H. Potta. 

The objects wers stated as follows ; 

" To perpetuate the memory of the men who. In 
mllitarv, naval or oivil service, by liieir acts or 
OOunseL achieved American independence : to pro- 
mote the proper celebration of the anniversaries 
Of Washington's birthday, the battles of Lejdngton 
and Bunker Hill, the Fourth of J-aly, the evacua- 
tion of New-York by the British, and other prom- 
inent events relating to or connected with the war 
of the Eevohition ; to collect and secure tor preser- 
vation the manuscript rolls, records and other doc- 
uments relating to the vrar of the Bevolution; to 
Inspire among the members of the society and 
their descendants the patriotic spirit ot their fore- 
lathers, and to promote social intercourse and the 
feeling ot fellowship among Its members." 

To be eligible to membership, an appBcast was 
required to be a male above the ago of Inventy-one 
years, descaaded from an ancestor who, either as 
military or naval officer, soldier, sailor, ot as an 
ofBoial in the service of any one of the tbirtem 


pendenoe during the war o 

The early path of the society was not entirely 
strewn with roses. Members were somewhat few, 
and there was much work to be done in establish- 
ing the organization on a firm basis. From the 
ILrst, however, a keen interest was stimulated 
among those devoted to the objects of the sodetr 
by means of frequent meetings and pleawmt social 
intercourse. Anniversaries were numerous, and; 
evening receptions and di'nnerB were given at Del- 
monlco's each year on April IB, Lexington Day; 
June 17, Bunker Hill Day; on December 4 and 
Febcuacv 22. The society was regularly laeoi- 
porat«l^y 3,1884. 

The centenmal spirit was stiong in the new soci- 
ety, and an Important step was soon taken. At one 
of the society's dinners, on February 21, 1885, » 
resolution was offered by William O. McDowell, f<a 
a committeti of five on a celebration of the Cen- 
tennial of Washington's inauguration. William O. 
McDowell, George Wilson, G. W. W. Houghton, 
W. E. Thompson and Frederick T. Huntington were 
appointed the committee. This action was re- 
scinded at a regular meeting on March 3, and the 
following rf«olution. offei'ed by James M. Mont- 
gomery, was adopted; 

" Resolved, That a Committee ot Thirteen, of 
which the president of this society shall bo chair- 
man, be appointed t« consider and report a plan 
for the Centennial celebration of the inauguiatlon 
of George Washington, in Pedernl Hall, tJiis city, 
on the 30tli April, 1789, as the First President of 
the United States." 

The committee was as follows; Frederick S. 
Tallmadge, phairman ; James Mortimer Mont- 
gomery, seoretary; John Austin Stevens, James 
iOuine Livingston, George Clinton Genet, Floyd 
Clarkson, John C. Tomlinson, Clifford Stanley 
RHmi. WilliEim Waldorf A.stor, John Jny Pierre- 
, Henry W. Le Hoy, Frederick A. Benjamin, 
lee A. Coa Elbridge T. Gerry. 

When the Committee of Citizens met In the 
City Hall, December 7, 1887, the Committee of 
tie Sons of the Revolution vras, with admilar 
oommittees from the Historical Sooieliy and tie 
Chamber ot Commerce, incorporated into tha 
'Citlzects^ CommiUtea. About thlrtty-ll've jnem- 
bers of the Sons ot the Revolution were upon the 
Committee of Two Hundred, and the society had 
more lian l^lf of the oh.iirmanshipe and secretaiy- 
shlps of the sub-committee^. 

The enterprise, modestly conceived at 
Urst. both by the Historical Society 
(See paite 2 of this volume! and by the " Sons 
at the Revolution, " grew in magnitude, as pop- 
ular interest was awakened, until it finally be- 
come the greatest public demonstration ever seen in 
America, exoeptinc only the grand review of the 
Union armies which closed the Civil War. 

Prosperity came to the New-York society within 
o very tew years after its organization. The ex. 
cellenoe of its objects and the high standing ot ita 
leading members led to continual applications 
for admissions to ita ranks. The sooie^ now haa 
460 members upon its rolls, with twenl^-flve men 
on the waiting hst. The credentials, record and 
history of every applicant are carefolly eiamlned 
by the secretary. Mr. J. M. Montgomery. Tho 
society is founded on a broad basis, but it compels 
every applicant to show clearlv his descent from 
a soldier, sailor or civil official of the American 
Revolution before he is admitted to the order. 
The present ofBoers are : President. Frederick 
S. TaHmadge ; vice-president, Floyd Clark- 
son ; seoretary, James Mortimer Montgomery; 
treasurer, Arthur Melvin Hateh: registrar, As» 
Coolidge Warren : historian. Austin Huntington ; 
managers, John B. Ireland, George Clinton Genet, 
Henry W. Le Rov. Francis Lufhrop, John C- Jay, 
the Rev. Brockholst Morgan, William Gaston Ham- 
ilton, Asa Bird Gardiner and John J. Rlker. 

Mr. Tallmadge has been president since the first 



The New-Yoilf " Squs of the Bevolution" weie 
olose^ connected with the nusiog of the fund foe 
the ButhoUl mouament of " Liberty EollghteiUDg 
the WotU" and took ^n native part ia awuktmiug 
public interest in that enterprise. While stili » 
HttuggUiig oocietr with kaa than twentr mem- 
ben, a oonuuiCtee of three was appointed to see 
vrtiat oould be done toward making the pedestal 
fond a BDOcess. This oommittee consiBtt^ of W- 
O. McDowell. George W. W. Uouahton and Aus- 
tin HuntinKton. When these Kentlemen called aa 
the American committee, they had passed a resolu- 
tion to stop work $n the ped^tsl, and the7 only 
agreed to lesolnd It from day to day npon the rais- 
ing ol the OMt of eaoh day's work, about S360. 
The committee Appealed to the country, got the 
Fcesident ol the UnUed Btatea to head the Katiooal 
Bulmorlption wlUi a dollar, nationalized the worlc 
made small subscriptions Fespectable, and worked 
the gronad thoroughly. The co-ojeration of a 
newspaper became essential, and the work was 
then talun up by the press. 

'Hie aoheme now attracting the main attention 
of'tlw members of the New-York society- Is the 
erection of a statue to Nathan Hale. A site has 
already been secured in the northweeC corner of 
Oity Hall I^rk, and lively progress in the nnder- 
taldng is only awaiting the cnoiee of a satlBfactory 
deelgn. Already 33,500 has been raised, although 
no STBtematio plan of getting contributions has been 
unoertBbkeai. Nothing further will be dune in this 
direotlou until somethinK definit« is known about 

Besides the mounmoit fund Hiere is a building 
fund of 42,000 and another tor the assistance of 
neeih' members. The money for tUs last is sup- 
plied from initiation fees. It Is the purpose of the 
Boeiet?, however, to avoid undertaldngs not allied 
in ohaJracter with tiiat of the plan tor a monument 
to Nathan Hale. 

it is expect^ that when a permanent house has 
been secured many more will be given to the 
society or deposited there for safe kecp- 
Idk. a medal has already been struck 
otf, and diplomas on parchment are now 
i^elnK made for the members. Mr. Mont- 
gomery, the secretary, is engaged in the laboric'— 

4 the assistance of the members with the docu- 
ments and records they may posBeas. 

Several badges have Deen adopted by the New- 
Tork society since its organization. The first was 
a small enamelled gold pin. The seeond was a larger 
one. The latest is pendant from a ribbon of dark 
blue, edged with buff (the colors of the Eevolutlon- 
ary Army nnlformj.and oonsists of a gold medallion, 
elllptioal In form, surmounted by a gold eagle with 
wlngB displayed inverted. On the obverse side of 
the medaUlon Is a soldier in Continental uniform 
witli ansket slung, and beneath bim the figures 
" 1776," the whole being surrounded by thirteen 
raised gold stars of five points upon a border of 
darh-blae enamel. On the reverse side of the 
medallion Is the face of Washington, after Hoadin. 
endrcled by ttke legend, " Sons ot the Bevolutton." 

•oorsmos in thb DisT^imsNT states, as tab 

AS OBOAinZl^. 

Booletiea ot ** Sons of the Eevolntion'' have 
sprung into existence In various States, in re- 
sponse to tlie general desire felt In all pautB ot 
the oonntry for many years for an organization 
which would admit Into membership the de- 
BCCDdants of not only the officers ot the Amwloan 
Revolution, but of the soldiers, sailors and dvil 
oXoials wna took an active part In bringing 
aboat eitf tudependenoe ot the conntry. 

The Society of the Cincinnati, now greatly re- 
duced in numbers, has always restrloted its mem- 
bership to oiiicers of the Kevolution and oldest 
sons in the male line ; and, while a slight tendettor 
to broaden the conditions ot membership luu 
been exhibited within t£e past tew years, yet the 
" CincinnaU" must, in the nature of things, al- 
ways remain an order which will exclude from 
membership some o( the best blood In the United 

The Idea of a ooclel^y broad enough to take in^ 
all who can claim descent from any of the mei%^ 
who took an active part in aohicring AmerioaiM. 
independence lus repeatedly presented itself tc» 
patrlotio minds in different parts ot the country-^ 


Calitoruia was the first to organize a society 
of descendants of the American Bevolntlon. A 
celebration of the centennial of the Fourth of 

July, 1TT6, was under disoussion in San Fraa- 
ciscoj and on June an, 1676, the following call 
was published in the newspapers of that city: 

" The descendants of the Kevoludonary pa- 
triot are reauefited to meet at tiie headQuartetl 
ot the Grand Marshal, at No. 212 Kearney-sk, at 
8 o'clock this evening, for the purpose ot maUuE 
ftrraugemeiils to participate in the celebratiai.* 

Ill response to that call about fot& men as- 
sembled at the place referred to. General A 
M. Winn [jteslded, and Dr. E. L. WlUard WM 
thosen secretary. All present signed the roll. 
William S. .Moses was ohoeen matshal, and about 
eighty members marched in the locnl centennial 
parade, July 4, 1676. Among them wers Colonel 
A. A. Andrews, Asa B. Wells, Warren Holt, 
Phlneas U. Blunt, S. B. Leavitt. Andrew Dunlap 
and others, some of them eighty years ot age. 
Aftflr the parade they marched to the Palace Hotd 
and partook ot retresbmentfi, and there organized 
as a " Society of Sons of Revolutionary Sire*,* 
with General A. M. Winn us president. Membo- 
ship wBd bused on descent from " the patriots who 
took part in the Bevolution against the Engllah, 
wbicJi resulted in the surrender of Lord Cora- 

-rininizBtion ot societies in other States. 

The officers of the Califomlan orgnnlaition now 
are : President, Colonel A. S. Hubbard : vice- 
presidents, Charles James King and David Meeker; 
secretary, Charles H. Graves ; treasurer, James 
P. Damion; marshal, William Schuyler Moses i 
chaplain, Bev, Charles M. Blalce, J. S. A. : Execu- 
tive Committee, Colonel TTrinh Wallace. Colonel 
David Wilder and Colonel W. B. Eastln. Bon. 
Caleb T. Fay, Captain A, C. Taylcr and liOien 
Pickering have at different times been presldenti 

of the sodety. 


New- York City formed the second society In 
the country, December 4, 1883, under the title 
of " Sons of the Bevolution." At the present 
time this is the largest and most flourishing 
Booie^ in the oonntjy. Its record is fully pre- 
sented above. 

In 1888 a society was organized in Phjldet 
phia under the presidency of General William 
Wayne, a grandson ot General Anthony Warns, ol 
ibit Bevolatlon. 


New-Jersey came next, with a sooletr whi<^ was 
organized March T, 186S, on the motion ot the 
New-Jersey members of the New- York sooletr, ftt 
the Board ot Trade Rooms in the oity of 
Newark. Officers were elected as toBows: 
fVice-presidenl^ Alexander Wilder, M.orTistown,-' 
secretary, J. 0. PumpeUy, Morristown : twastirer] 
E^ul Revere, Morrlstown; registrar, John Iaw- 
rence Boggs, Newark ; historian. General ^iUam 
S. Stryker, Trenton; managers, Samuel C3iaM 



Coale, ol Butliecford ; G^eaeral E. Buzd Grubb, ol 
Kdgewoter I'ark; Julian Uawtboine, of Soohib 
Pituos; Hmxy W. UoweU, of J£tiiab«th ; WJlliam O. 
MoBowell, ol Newark: Henry I* Puttier, of Lio- 
deu : August Le Fevie Bevere, at Motnatowu ; iiea- 
eral W. t>. titryker, ot I'rentoa; C. H,. MoDuwell, o< 
Ulociiuiieid ; J. fiaok Lindle;, ot UtwriBCowu, and 
ijreotge W. Jooea, of Newark. 

Subsequeatiy Goveinot Bobeit S. Qreen, or £Ui- 
sbeth was elected president, and Deoember 26, the 
-MimJversaiy ol the battle ol Trenton, was desif- 
nAted as the time toe the amiual meetJnK and 

When tbe New-Jersey Boolel? was oiKanlaed Its 
members were Btiongly imprewed with the Impor- 
tance ol a topio whion had long been dlaciused In 
the New-Yoik society, viz. : exteofiion at the order 
of Sons ot the Bevolation all over the United 
States. At l^e original meetfaig, on March 7, the 
tollowing resolution was adopted : 

" Wliereas, There are now oiconized SoclecieB of 
the Sons of the Bevolution in the btftteB ot New- 
Yort Pennsylvania and New-Jersey, and 

" Whereas, It is desirable, in view of the ap- 
proaching lOOth anniversary- of the Inaugaratioa 
of George WusMngton as flrst President of tha 
United Statee, that there shall be sister societies 
organized in every State and Territory in the 
Union, partioalarly in the thjrt«en onginal States, 
ttiat their members may partloipate in this Cen- 
tennial Celebration; 

" Besolved, That the president ot this society, 
when elected, and the two delegates to the Nationnl 
si-oiuty are hereby nppoiuted a committee to invite 
the appointment ot a like committee Irom the New- 
York and Penn-sylvanla societies to co-operate with 
them and to meet with the descendants of Bevolu- 
tionary ancestors in the different States and Terri- 
tories and assist in orfianizing societies whose mem- 
berships shall be composed exoluBlvely of dpsoend- 
anta ot Bevolntionary statesmen, soldiers and 

William O. McDowell, J. O. Pumpelly and Gen- 
eral W. S. Stryker were appointed members of 
this conmilttee on the part of the New-Jersey 
society. The New-York society was not at the 
time prepared to oo-operat« with the New-Jersey 
Sons, owing to a difference of view as to the statas 
of State societies. The officers ot the New-York 
society considered It desirnble that the different 
State societies should be auxiliary brannJies of the 
Hew-Tork society, which, having amended its oon- 
■tdtution, was prepared to oppratc as a National 
orgatiiKation nerpetnal in duration and one and In- 
^vlslble in membership, but with branches In tlie 
several States. The otiier States preferred to or- 
pinliip iijdepeiident or sister societies. Owing to 
this diflerenee of view, and to a desire on the part 
of the New- York Society to move more dellbemtely 
in Nntlonnl oreani?:ation. the labor of National or- 
ganization fell entirely upon the New-Jersey com- 


Maesachnsetts was prompt to respond to New- 
Jers^s call. March 30, 1889, a few gentlemen 
met at the State House in Boston, and Mr. Mc- 
Dowell, ot the New-Jersey committee, explained 
tbe objects ol the organisation, its growth In his 
own and other States, and so Impressed the meeb- 
Vng with the Importance ot organirfng a society in 
the Commonwealth which holds Lexington, Con- 
cord and Bunker Ilill. that a conunittce was ap- 
pointed to arrange for a general meeting of the de- 
scendants ot " heroes of the Revolution." Sudh a 
meeting was held in lament Temple, Boston, 
April 10, in response to a call signed by John 
Quinoy Adams, ot Qulnoy; G. W. Brown, of lifx- 
Ington; William G. Prescott, of Boston; Natlian 
L. Eevere, ot Worcester; A. A. Stooker, D. D,. ofl 
Cambridge ; JJuther L. Tarbell. of Marlboro ; John 
0. Warren, M. D., of Bostcn ; Hobert 0. Wintbrop. 
at Boston ; Andrew H. Ward, of Boston ; and Clar- 
enoe S. Ward, of Allston. The attendance was 
large and the meeting enthusiastic. There were 

present aiineteen own sons of Bevolutionaiy slic^ 
grandsons, great^^rsndsona, greftt-greab-ccttodaiuii, 
and a few women descendants. A plan of OFgaal- 
xatioak witii constitution and by-laws, was uEud- 
moody adopted, and officers elected to sexve OBtU 
the annual meeting, June IT. The fee f*» mem- 
bership was fixed at SI, annual dues at S2. O^nx 
matters nnnrmnry in oimipletins the organizatdon 
were feterred to tlie Board of MMOAfeaa. llw 
managers met at the Quiucy House April 24. lbs 
Rev. H. 8. Huntangton was elected chaplain ; L. L. 
Tarbell, registrar; and J. M. Cushing a director. 
The following is tlie complete list ot officers : 

President— Hon. Chas. H. Saunders, Cambrldse, 

Vloe-President— Hon, William N. Davenport^ 

Seo'y and Treas.— Clarence S. Ward, Allston. 

Berastrar— Luther L. Tarbell, Marlboro. 

Hlstoilan-A. A. StockM, M- D., Cambridge. 

Chaplain— Rev. H. S. Huntjnnon, Dorchestei. 

Directors— John L. Stevensoin, Boston; John G. 

George A. Cutting, Hudson; William t.. __ , 

Boston ; Nathan L. Severe, Worcester ; Hon. Pete» 
Fay, Southboro- Hon. H. H. Coolldffe. Boston; 
Andrew H. Ward, Boston ; Mark J. Folsom, Cam,- 
bridge; William Barnes, Marlboro; William B. 
Clarke, Boston ; Galvin T. liidd, Dorohester ; A. B. 
Frye, Boston ; George W, Brown, Lexington. 
It Is estimated that there are a hundred thou- 

, " Societies of 

Daughters of the Revolution" is under disousslon. 
The flrst celebration by the Massachusetts society 
will be on the 1 7th ol June at Lexington. 


Vermont organized a society at Montnclier, 
April 3, with officers as toUows: President. 
Colonel Edward A. Chittenden, of St. Albans; 
vice-piesident. Colonel W. Seward Webb, ot Shel- 
bume : secretary. Colonel Charles 8. Forbes, of 
St. Albans; tieasnrer, William H. Zottman, ot 
Burlington; regtetcar, Hiram A. Huse, of Mpnt- 
peller ; historian, the Rev. Howard T. Hill, of Mont- 
pelier ; managers^Qoveruor William P. DiiUnniam, 
of Waterbury; William A. Chapin, ot MjddTes^; 
D. W. Duon, ot Grand Isle: G. G. Benedict, of 
Burlin^n ; Colonel Levi E, Puller and the offlcen 
ex-offlcio. „.-_™„„™.. 

A society was formed in the State ot Connecti- 
cut on April 4, at a meeting of abont forty 
gentlemen at the State Capitol in Hartford, David 
lark presiding. The following officerrs were 
chosen; President Lucius P. Demlng, ot New- 

ford; treasurer, R. fe. Lacy, ot Bridgeport; „ . 
trar, Jonathan P. Morris, of Hartford ; historian, 
ProfeBsor C. F. Johnson, ot Trinity College; man- 
agers, S. R. Hubbard, ot Hartford ; F. tt Hart, ot 
New-Haven ; Sheldon B. Thorpe, bt North-Haven ; 
John A. Kellogg, ot Waterhury; Dr. R, W. Gris- 
wold, of Rool^ Hill : Heory B. Jones, of New- 
Hartford; Talmadge Swift, of Warren; James A. 
Brown, of Stonlngton; P. B. Camp, of Middle. 
town; L. M. Middlebrook, ot Bridgeport, and 
John H. Swartwout, of Stamford. 


A society was organized In St Louis, Mo.; on 
April 23, in response to a call issued by a small 
preLmlnaty meeting held on the 11th fff tha 
month. OtFcers were elected aa follows : Presi- 
dent Joslah Fogg; vice-presldenis, M. M. Y^k^, 
Charles McLaren, William S. Stamps and B. G-' 
Cabell; secretary, IJ. J. Bliss: treasurer. Dr. 
Charles E. Brigg?; executive committee. Gains 
Faddocl^ Eobert B. Clarke, and Charles A. Monti. 


As a fnrtihe* result of the work ot the New- 
Jersey committee, societSes have been orgamzed 
in South Carolina, Kentaoky. Illinois, Ohio, Mlcb- 
Igan, NewJlampshlre and Maryland.